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Albert Jay Nock

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Albert Jay Nock
Nock.jpg
Born October 13, 1870
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Died August 19, 1945 (aged 74)
Wakefield, Rhode Island
Resting place Riverside Cemetery
South Kingstown, Rhode Island
Occupation Writer and social theorist
Nationality American
Alma mater St. Stephen's College
(now known as Bard College)
Subject Libertarianism
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Albert Jay Nock (October 13, 1870 � August 19, 1945) was an American libertarian
author, editor first of The Freeman and then The Nation, educational theorist,
Georgist, and social critic of the early and middle 20th century. He was an
outspoken opponent of the New Deal, and served as a fundamental inspiration for the
modern libertarian and Conservative movements, cited as an influence by William F.
Buckley, Jr.[1] He was one of the first Americans to self-identify as
"libertarian". His best-known books are Memoirs of a Superfluous Man and Our Enemy,
the State.

Contents
1 Life and work
2 Thought
3 Anti-Semitism and disillusionment with democracy
4 In popular culture
5 Works
6 Notes
7 Further reading
8 External links
Life and work
Throughout his life, Nock was a deeply private man who shared few of the details of
his personal life with his working partners. He was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
(U.S.), the son of Emma Sheldon (Jay) and Joseph Albert Nock, who was both a
steelworker and an Episcopal priest. He was raised in Brooklyn, New York.[2] Nock
attended St. Stephen's College (now known as Bard College) from 1884 to 1888,[3]
where he joined Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity.

After graduation he had a brief career playing minor league baseball, and then
attended a theological seminary and was ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1897.
Nock married Agnes Grumbine in 1900 and the couple had two children, Francis and
Samuel (both of whom became college professors). In 1909, Nock left the ministry as
well as his wife and children, and became a journalist.[4][5]

In 1914, Nock joined the staff of The Nation magazine, which was at the time
supportive of liberal capitalism. Nock was an acquaintance of the influential
politician and orator William Jennings Bryan, and in 1915 traveled to Europe on a
special assignment for Bryan, who was then Secretary of State. Nock also maintained
friendships with many of the leading proponents of the Georgist movement, one of
whom had been his bishop in the Episcopal Church.

However, while Nock was a lifelong admirer of Henry George, he was frequently at
odds with other Georgists in the left-leaning movement. Further, Nock was
influenced by the anti-collectivist writings of the German sociologist Franz
Oppenheimer,[6] whose most famous work, Der Staat, was published in English
translation in 1915. In his own writings, Nock would later build on Oppenheimer's
claim that the pursuit of human ends can be divided into two forms: the productive
or economic means, and the parasitic, political means.

Between 1920 and 1924, Nock was the co-editor of The Freeman. The Freeman was
initially conceived as a vehicle for the single tax movement. It was financed by
the wealthy wife of the magazine's other editor, Francis Neilson,[7] although
neither Nock nor Neilson was a dedicated single taxer. Contributors to The Freeman
included: Charles A. Beard, William Henry Chamberlin, Thomas Mann, Lewis Mumford,
Bertrand Russell, Lincoln Steffens, Louis Untermeyer, Thorstein Veblen and Suzanne
La Follette, the more libertarian[8] cousin of Senator Robert La Follette. Critic
H.L. Mencken wrote:

His editorials during the three brief years of the Freeman set a mark that no other
man of his trade has ever quite managed to reach. They were well-informed and
sometimes even learned, but there was never the slightest trace of pedantry in
them.[9]

When the unprofitable The Freeman ceased publication in 1924, Nock became a
freelance journalist in New York City and Brussels, Belgium.

"The Myth of a Guilty Nation,"[10] which came out in 1922, was Albert Jay Nock's
first anti-war book, a cause he backed his entire life as an essential component of
a libertarian outlook. The burden of the book is to prove American war propaganda
to be false. The purpose of World War I, according to Nock, was not to liberate
Europe and the world from German imperialism and threats. If there was a
conspiracy, it was by the allied powers to broadcast a public message that was
completely contradicted by its own diplomatic cables. Along with that came war
propaganda designed to make Germany into a devil nation.

In the mid-1920s, a small group of wealthy American admirers funded Nock's literary
and historical work to enable him to follow his own interests. Shortly thereafter,
he published his biography of Thomas Jefferson. When Jefferson was published in
1928, Mencken praised it as "the work of a subtle and highly dexterous craftsman"
which cleared "off the vast mountain of doctrinaire rubbish that has risen above
Jefferson's bones and also provides a clear and comprehensive account of the
Jeffersonian system," and the "essence of it is that Jefferson divided all mankind
into two classes, the producers and the exploiters, and he was for the former
first, last and all the time." Mencken also thought the book to be accurate,
shrewd, well-ordered and charming.[9]

In his two 1932 books, On the Disadvantages of Being Educated and Other Essays and
Theory of Education in the United States, Nock launched a scathing critique of
modern government-run education.
In his 1936 article "Isaiah's Job",[11] which appeared in The Atlantic Monthly and
was reprinted in pamphlet form in July 1962 by The Foundation for Economic
Education, Nock expressed his complete disillusionment with the idea of reforming
the current system. Believing that it would be impossible to persuade any large
portion of the general population of the correct course and opposing any suggestion
of a violent revolution, Nock instead argued that libertarians should focus on
nurturing what he called "the Remnant".

The Remnant, according to Nock, consisted of a small minority who understood the
nature of the state and society, and who would become influential only after the
current dangerous course had become thoroughly and obviously untenable, a situation
which might not occur until far into the future.[12] Nock's philosophy of the
Remnant was influenced by the deep pessimism and elitism that social critic Ralph
Adams Cram expressed in a 1932 essay, "Why We Do Not Behave Like Human Beings".[13]
In his Memoirs of a Superfluous Man, Nock makes no secret that his educators:

did not pretend to believe that everyone is educable, for they knew, on the
contrary, that very few are educable, very few indeed. They saw this as a fact of
nature, like the fact that few are six feet tall. [...] They accepted the fact that
there are practicable ranges of intellectual and spiritual experience which nature
has opened to some and closed to others.

In 1941, Nock published a two-part essay in The Atlantic Monthly titled "The Jewish
Problem in America".[14] The article was part of a multi-author series, assembled
by the editors in response to recent anti-Semitic unrest in Brooklyn and elsewhere
"in the hope that a free and forthright debate will reduce the pressure, now
dangerously high, and leave us with a healthier understanding of the human elements
involved."

Nock's argument was that the Jews were an Oriental people, acceptable to the
"intelligent Occidental" yet forever strangers to "the Occidental mass-man."[15]
Furthermore, the mass-man "is inclined to be more resentful of the Oriental as a
competitor than of another Occidental;" the American masses are "the great rope and
lamppost artists of the world;" and in studying Jewish history, "one is struck with
the fact that persecutions never have originated in an upper class movement". This
innate hostility of the masses, he concluded, might be exploited by a scapegoating
state to distract from "any shocks of an economic dislocation that may occur in the
years ahead." He concluded, "If I keep up my family's record of longevity, I think
it is not impossible that I shall live to see the Nuremberg laws reenacted in this
country and enforced with vigor" and affirmed that the consequences of such a
pogrom "would be as appalling in their extent and magnitude as anything seen since
the Middle Ages."

The article was itself declared by some to be anti-Semitic, and Nock was never
asked to write another article, effectively ending his career as a social critic.
Against charges of anti-Semitism, Nock answered, "Someone asked me years ago if it
were true that I disliked Jews, and I replied that it was certainly true, not at
all because they are Jews but because they are folks, and I don't like folks."[16]

In 1943, two years before his death, Nock published his autobiography, Memoirs of a
Superfluous Man, the title of which expressed the degree of Nock's disillusionment
and alienation from current social trends. After the publication of this
autobiography, Nock became the sometime guest of oilman William F. Buckley, Sr.,
[17] whose son, William F. Buckley, Jr., would later become an influential author
and speaker.

Nock died of leukemia in 1945, at the Wakefield, Rhode Island home of his longtime
friend, Ruth Robinson, the illustrator of his 1934 book, "A Journey into Rabelais'
France". He is buried in Riverside Cemetery, in Wakefield.
Thought

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Describing himself as a philosophical anarchist,[18] Nock called for a radical
vision of society free from the influence of the political state. He described the
state as that which "claims and exercises the monopoly of crime". He opposed
centralization, regulation, the income tax, and mandatory education, along with
what he saw as the degradation of society. He denounced in equal terms all forms of
totalitarianism, including "Bolshevism... Fascism, Hitlerism, Marxism, [and]
Communism" but also harshly criticized democracy. Instead, Nock argued, "The
practical reason for freedom is that freedom seems to be the only condition under
which any kind of substantial moral fiber can be developed. Everything else has
been tried, world without end. Going dead against reason and experience, we have
tried law, compulsion and authoritarianism of various kinds, and the result is
nothing to be proud of."[19]

During the 1930s, Nock was one of the most consistent critics of Franklin
Roosevelt's New Deal programs. In Our Enemy, the State, Nock argued that the New
Deal was merely a pretext for the federal government to increase its control over
society. He was dismayed that the president had gathered unprecedented power in his
own hands and called this development an out-and-out coup d'�tat. Nock criticized
those who believed that the new regimentation of the economy was temporary, arguing
that it would prove a permanent shift. He believed that the inflationary monetary
policy of the Republican administrations of the 1920s was responsible for the onset
of the Great Depression and that the New Deal was responsible for perpetuating it.

Nock was also a passionate opponent of war, and what he considered the US
government's aggressive foreign policy. He believed that war could bring out only
the worst in society and argued that it led inevitably to collectivization and
militarization and "fortified a universal faith in violence; it set in motion
endless adventures in imperialism, endless nationalist ambitions," while, at the
same time, costing countless human lives. During the First World War, Nock wrote
for The Nation, which was censored by the Wilson administration for opposing the
war.

Despite his distaste for communism, Nock harshly criticized the Allied intervention
in the Russian Civil War following the parliamentary revolution and Bolshevik coup
in that country. Before the Second World War, Nock wrote a series of articles
deploring what he saw as Roosevelt's gamesmanship and interventionism leading
inevitably to US involvement. Nock was one of the few who maintained a principled
opposition to the war throughout its course.

Despite becoming considerably more obscure in death than he had been in life, Nock
was an important influence on the next generation of laissez-faire capitalist
American thinkers, including libertarians such as Murray Rothbard, Frank Chodorov,
[20] and Leonard Read, and conservatives such as William F. Buckley, Jr.. Nock's
conservative view of society would help inspire the paleoconservative movement in
response to the development of neoconservatism during the Cold War. In insisting on
the state itself as the root problem, Nock's thought was one of the main precursors
to anarcho-capitalism.

Anti-Semitism and disillusionment with democracy


When Albert Jay Nock started The Freeman magazine in 1920, The Nation offered its
congratulations to a new voice in liberal journalism. Nock rebuffed the gesture in
a letter to the magazine's owner, Oswald Villard, in which he wrote, "I hate to
seem ungrateful, but we haint liberal. We loathes liberalism and loathes it
hard."[21][22] Nock professed allegiance to a detached philosophical objectivity,
expressed in his Platonist credo of "seeing things as they are".[23][24] He had
decried anti-Semitism in his earlier writings, but in his sixties he began giving
vent to increasingly anti-Semitic and anti-democratic sentiments,[25] leading
Robert Sherrill, writing years later in The Nation, to call him "virulently anti-
Semitic" and "anti-democratic".[26]

The historian and biographer, Michael Wreszin,[27] compared Nock's disillusionment


with democracy and his attacks on the Jewish people to similar feelings held by
Henry Adams.[28] Before he died, Nock destroyed all his notes and papers, except a
few letters and an autobiographical manuscript published posthumously as Journal of
Forgotten Days (Nock was so secretive about the details of his personal life that
Who's Who could not find out his birthdate).[29]

In Journal of Forgotten Days, Nock wrote these passages about the Jews of New York
City:

31 August�Leaving for New York today, in great dissatisfaction, to be tied to the


public libraries, which are infested with Jews, Turks, infidels, and heretics, such
as orthodox members of the Church of England are supposed to pray for in the Good
Friday collect.[30]

20 September�The Jewish holiday Yom Kippur yesterday closed New York up as tight as
a white-oak knot. One would say there was not a hundred dollars' worth of business
done in all the town. It sets one's mind back on Hitler's policy. The question is
not what one thinks of it as an American, but what one would think of it if one
were a German in Germany, where the control of cultural agencies is so largely in
the hands of Jews�the press, drama, music, education, etc.�and where there is, or
was, a superb native culture essentially antithetical. Is one's own culture worth
fighting for? I think so. I think I would fight for it.[31]

Nock took a jaundiced view of American politics and American democracy itself,[32]
and asserted that in all his life he voted in only one presidential election, in
which he cast a write-in vote for Jefferson Davis. [33][34][35] In an article he
wrote for the American Mercury Magazine in 1933, What the American Votes For, Nock
claimed, "My first and only presidential vote was cast many, many years ago. It was
dictated by pure instinct."[36]

In Memoirs of a Superfluous Man (1943), Nock had this to say about mass democracy
in America:

I could see how "democracy" might do very well in a society of saints and sages led
by an Alfred or an Antoninus Pius. Short of that, I was unable to see how it could
come to anything but an ochlocracy of mass-men led by a sagacious knave. The
collective capacity for bringing forth any other outcome seemed simply not
there."[37]

The author Clifton Fadiman, reviewing Memoirs of a Superfluous Man, wrote: "I have
not since the days of the early Mencken read a more eloquently written blast
against democracy or enjoyed more fully a display of crusted prejudice. Mr. Nock is
a highly civilized man who does not like our civilization and will have no part of
it."[38] Nock's biographer Michael Wreszin wrote concerning Nock's reaction to the
election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932: "Sailing to Brussels in February 1933,
before Roosevelt's inauguration in March, he repeated in a journal his appreciation
of Catherine Wilson's observation that the skyline of New York was the finest sight
in America when viewed from the deck of an outbound steamer."[39]

In popular culture
In the fictional The Probability Broach by L. Neil Smith, as part of the North
American Confederacy Series, in which the United States becomes a Libertarian state
after a successful Whiskey Rebellion and the overthrow and execution of George
Washington by firing squad for treason in 1794, Albert Jay Nock serves as the 18th
President of the North American Confederacy from 1912 to 1928.

Works
The Myth of a Guilty Nation.[1] New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1922. [2]
The Freeman Book.[3] B.W. Huebsch, 1924.
Jefferson.[4] New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1926 (also known as Mr.
Jefferson).
On Doing the Right Thing, and Other Essays.[5] New York: Harper and Brothers, 1928.
Francis Rabelais: The Man and His Work. Harper and Brothers, 1929.
The Book of Journeyman: Essays from the New Freeman.[6] New Freeman, 1930.
The Theory of Education in the United States.[7] New York: Harcourt, Brace and
Company, 1932.
A Journey Into Rabelais's France. [8] William Morrow & Company, 1934.
A Journal of These Days: June 1932�December 1933. William Morrow & Company, 1934.
Our Enemy, the State.[9] ePub MP3 HTML William Morrow & Company, 1935.
Free Speech and Plain Language. William Morrow & Company, 1937.
Henry George: An Essay. William Morrow & Company, 1939.
Memoirs of a Superfluous Man.[10] New York: Harper and Brothers, 1943.
Miscellany

World Scouts,[11] World Peace Foundation, 1912.


"Officialism and Lawlessness." [12] In College Readings on Today and its Problems,
Oxford University Press, 1933.
Meditations in Wall Street, with an introduction by Albert Jay Nock,[13] W. Morrow
& Company, 1940.
Published posthumously:

A Journal of Forgotten Days: May 1934�October 1935. [14] Henry Regnery Company,
1948.
Letters from Albert Jay Nock, 1924�1945, to Edmund C. Evans, Mrs. Edmund C. Evans,
and Ellen Winsor. The Caxton Printers, 1949.
Snoring as a Fine Art and Twelve Other Essays.[15] Richard R. Smith, 1958.
Selected Letters of Albert Jay Nock. The Caxton Printers, 1962.
Cogitations from Albert Jay Nock.[16] The Nockian Society, 1970, revised edition,
1985.
The State of the Union: Essays in Social Criticism. Liberty Press, 1991.
The Disadvantages of Being Educated and Other Essays. Hallberg Publishing
Corporation, 1996.
Notes
Carl T. Bogus, Buckley: William F. Buckley Jr. and the Rise of American
Conservatism, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2011.
http://www.libertarianism.org/publications/essays/stylish-elegance-biography-
albert-jay-nock
Wreszin, Michael (1972). The Superfluous Anarchist: Albert Jay Nock, Brown
University Press, p. 11.
Jim Powell (March 1, 1997). "Albert Jay Nock: A Gifted Pen for Radical
Individualism". The Freeman. Foundation for Economic Education. Retrieved 12 July
2017.
Mark C. Carnes (September 2003). Invisible Giants: Fifty Americans Who Shaped the
Nation But Missed the History Books. Oxford University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-
19-516883-9. This early, quiet career as a minister ended abruptly in 1909, when
Nock left the ministry, his wife, and his children to take up journalism.
Albert Jay Nock, Our Enemy, the State, The Caxton Printers, 1950, p. 59.
Neilson, Francis (1946). "The Story of 'The Freeman'". The American Journal of
Economics and Sociology. 6 (1): 3�53.
Presley, Sharon (1981). "Suzanne La Follette: The Freewoman," Libertarian Review
(Cato Institute).
Mencken, H.L. (1926). "The Immortal Democrat". American Mercury. 9 (33): 123.
Originally published in 1922 by B. W. Huebsch, Inc. Published in 2011 by the
Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Nock, Albert Jay (1956). "Isaiah's Job". The Freeman. 6 (12): 31�37.
Harris, Michael R. (1970). Five Counterrevolutionists in Higher Education: Irving
Babbitt, Albert Jay Nock, Abraham Flexner, Robert Maynard Hutchins, Alexander
Meiklejohn, Oregon State University Press, p. 97.
Cram, Ralph Adams (1932). "Why We Do Not Behave Like Human Beings". The American
Mercury. 27 (105): 41�48.
Nock, Albert Jay (1941). "The Jewish Problem in America," The Atlantic Monthly,
June 1, pp. 699�705.
Crunden, Robert Morse (1964). The Mind and Art of Albert Jay Nock, Henry Regnery
Company, pp. 183�84.
Albert Jay Nock (May 16, 1998). "Autobiographical Sketch (unpublished piece
written for Paul Palmer, editor of the American Mercury Magazine, c. 1936)".
alumnus.caltech.edu. California Institute of Technology. Archived from the original
on June 29, 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
Buckley, Jr., William F. (2008). Let Us Talk of Many Things: The Collected
Speeches, Basic Books, p. 430.
Wreszin, Michael (1969). "Albert Jay Nock and the Anarchist Elitist Tradition in
America," American Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 2, Part 1, pp. 165�89.
Nock, Albert Jay (1924). "On Doing the Right Thing". American Mercury. 3 (11):
257�62.
Nitsche, Charles G. (1981). Albert Jay Nock and Frank Chodorov: Case Studies in
Recent American Individualist and Anti-statist Thought, (Ph.D. Dissertation),
University of Maryland.
Christopher Lasch (1972). The American Liberals and the Russian Revolution.
McGraw-Hill. p. 143.
Douglas Charles Rossinow (2008). Visions of Progress: The Left-liberal Tradition
in America. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 98. ISBN 0-8122-4049-9.
Francis Neilson, Albert Jay Nock, eds. (1921). The Freeman. 3. Freeman
Incorporated. p. 391.
The Thomist. Thomist Press. 1951. p. 302.
Louis Filler (1 January 1993). American Anxieties: A Collective Portrait of The
1930s. Transaction Publishers. pp. 49�. ISBN 978-1-4128-1687-8.
Robert Sherrill (June 11, 1988). "William F. Buckley Lived Off Evil As Mold Lives
Off Garbage". The Nation. The Nation Company. Archived from the original on
February 20, 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017. One of Will Sr.�s favorite authors,
Albert Jay Nock, became a personal friend and was often in the Buckley household
when Bill was growing up. Along with being anti-democratic, Nock was, at least in
his later years, "virulently anti-Semitic.� Young Buckley fell under Nock�s spell
and never quit quoting him. Another of Will Sr.�s friends, Merwin K. Hart, was one
of America�s most notorious anti-Semites for three decades.
Paul Vitello (15 September 2012). "Michael Wreszin, Biographer of American
Radicals, Dies at 85". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived
from the original on March 1, 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
Michael Wreszin (1972). The Superfluous Anarchist: Albert Jay Nock. Brown
University Press. p. 143. Jewish had been for [Henry] Adams what Finkman became for
Nock, a synonym for avarice and materialism. When Nock lamented the presence of
Jews and other undesirables in what he seemed to consider his private study, the
New York Public Library, he echoed the fierce resentment of the elderly Adams
against the presence of Jews in places that he loved, and on boats and trains.
Stanley Kunitz (1955). Twentieth Century Authors: A Biographical Dictionary of
Modern Literature. Supplement. H. W. Wilson. p. 721.
Albert Jay Nock. Journal of Forgotten Days, May 1934�October 1935. Hinsdale,
Illinois: H. Gegnery Company. p. 47.
Albert Jay Nock. Journal of Forgotten Days, May 1934�October 1935. Hinsdale,
Illinois: H. Gegnery Company. p. 56.
William F. Buckley Jr. (28 October 2008). Let Us Talk of Many Things: The
Collected Speeches. Basic Books. p. 467. ISBN 978-0-465-00334-1. A year later, in
conversation with Mr. Nock, my father disclosed that he had voted for Willkie, thus
departing from a near-lifelong resolution, beginning in his thirties, never to vote
for any political candidate. He now affirmed, with Mr. Nock's hearty approval, his
determination to renew his vows of abstinence, Willkie having been revealed�I
remember the term he used�as a �mountebank.� �They are all mountebanks,� Mr. Nock
said.
Michael Wreszin (1972). The Superfluous Anarchist: Albert Jay Nock. Brown
University Press. p. 128. Nock didn't vote in 1932; in fact, he couldn't remember
when he had last voted. He couldn't even remember the candidates, but he had, he
claimed, weighed the issues carefully before casting a write-in vote for Jefferson
Davis.
Gregory L. Schneider (1999). Cadres for Conservatism: Young Americans for Freedom
and the Rise of the Contemporary Right. NYU Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-8147-8108-1.
Garry Wills (28 May 2013). A Necessary Evil: A History of American Distrust of
Government. Simon and Schuster. p. 272. ISBN 978-1-4391-2879-4. His attitude toward
voting (and toward Jefferson Davis) is given in this passage: I once voted at a
presidential election. There being no real issue at stake, and neither candidate
commanding any respect whatever, I cast my vote for Jefferson Davis of Mississippi.
I knew Jeff was dead, but I voted on Artemus Ward's principle that if we can't have
a live man who amounts to anything, by all means let's have a first-rate corpse.
Albert Jay Nock (1933). "What the American Votes For". In Henry Louis Mencken,
George Jean Nathan. The American Mercury. 28. Knopf. p. 176.
Albert Jay Nock (1964). Memoirs of a Superfluous Man. Ludwig von Mises Institute.
p. 131. ISBN 978-1-61016-392-7.
Claude Moore Fuess, Emory Shelvy Basford, eds. (1947). Unseen Harvests: A Treasury
of Teaching. Macmillan. p. 610.
Michael Wreszin (1972). The Superfluous Anarchist: Albert Jay Nock. Brown
University Press. p. 143.
Further reading
Cline, Edward (January 8, 2009). "Albert Jay Nock: How to Throw the Fight for
Freedom". Capitalism Magazine. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013.
Hamilton, Charles (2008). "Nock, Albert J. (1870�1945)". In Hamowy, Ronald. The
Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. pp.
356�57. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n218. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4. LCCN 2008009151.
OCLC 750831024.
Opitz, Edmund A (1975). "The Durable Mr. Nock" (PDF). The Intercollegiate Review. X
(1): 25�31.
Riggenbach, Jeff (September 10, 2010). "Albert Jay Nock and the Libertarian
Tradition". Mises Daily. Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Tucker, Jeffrey A. (October 12, 2007). "Albert Jay Nock: Forgotten Man of the Old
Right". Mises Daily. Ludwig von Mises Institute.
External links
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Albert Jay Nock
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Albert Jay Nock
Works by Albert Jay Nock at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about Albert Jay Nock at Internet Archive
The Nockian Society Books available through one of the original founders and
Honorable Secretary, Robert M. Thornton.
Works by Albert Jay Nock, at Unz.org
Works by Albert Jay Nock, at JSTOR
The Dangers of Literacy (Nock, 1934), reprinted in The American Conservative
Literature Library: Albert Jay Nock works published by Ludwig von Mises Institute
Nock on Education by Wendy McElroy
Will Lissner remembers Nock
Fulton's Lair's Nockian Page : A collection of Nock's essays
Yale Library : Correspondence, photographs, and related drawings annotated and
donated to Yale University by Ruth Robinson
Rev. Mark D. Isaacs (May 10, 2000). "Albert Jay Nock". Libertarian. Find a Grave.
Retrieved November 18, 2013.
Albert Jay Nock, Writings
Albert Jay Nock at Goodreads
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