Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

CALCULO ESTRUCTURAL

2,5ton/m
8ton 6ton 4ton/m

5m 2m 1.5m 3m 4m

SECCION DE LA VIGA

h =040m

b=0.25

art-86 Tabla #5 Tramo 1


H=500/14 35.71cm
L1-2 = 5m chequear Tramo2
H=650/14 =46.71
L2-3=6.5m chequear Tramo3
H=400/12=33.33
L3-4 =4m ok
Buscamos el H promedio
Hpromedio=35.71+39.28+33.33/3
hp=40cm

asumimos el esfuerzo de concreto y de acero

Art-43
f'c =250kg/cm2
fy =4200kg/cm2

θ2 θ3
ϴ1 ?
ϴ2

DETERMINAR LOS MOMENTOS

Mab =M1 +4EIϴa/L +2EIϴb/L


Mba = -M1 +4EIϴb/L +2EIϴa/L

EC=15000x raiz f'c


EC = 15000x raiz 250kg/cm2
EC=15000X15.81X10
EC=2371708.2ton/m2

Determinar el momento de inercia

Iv = BH3/12
IV =0.25(0.4)3/12
IV=0.0013m4

4EI/5 = 2466.5 ton-m


4EI/6.5 =1897.36 ton-m
4EI/4 = 3083.22 ton-m
2EI/5 =1233.28 ton-m

2EI/6.5 =948.68 ton-m


2EI/4 =1541.61 ton-m

TRAMO 1
2,5ton/m
M12 M21

1 5m

M12 =-WL2/12
m12=-2.5(4.5)2/12 =-4.21 ton-m
M21 = 4.21 ton-m

M12=-4,21 + 1233.28 ϴ2
M21 = 4.21 + 2466.5 ϴ2

M12 0 1233.29 -4.21

= +
M21 0 2466.5 4.21

TRAMO2
8ton 6ton

M23 M32

2m 1.5m 3m
R1 R2

Σfy =0
R1+R2=14ton
ΣM = 0
6(3)+8(4.5)+6.5R1 =0
R1=8.3 R2=5.7
8ton

mx

2 x
8.3ton

x=0 x=1.5
Mmax= -8x +8.3 (2+x)
Mmax=0.3x+16.6
x=0 Mmax=16.6
Mmax = 16.6 ton-m

M23 = -16.6 +1897.36θ2 + 948.68θ3


M32 = 16.6 + 1897.36θ3 +948.68θ2
M23 1897.36 948.68 -16.6
= +
M32 948.68 1897.36 16.6

TRAM03
4ton/m
M34 M43

4m

M34 = -WL2/12
M34= -4(4)2/12 = -5.3 ton-m
M43 = 5.3
M34 3083.22 0 -5.3
M34 = -5.3 + 3083.22θ3 = +
M43 = 5.3 + 1541.61θ3 M43 1441.61 0 5.3

ΣM = M12 + M23 = N2
ΣM= M32 +M34 = N3

N2 = -12.39 + 4363.86θ2 + 948.68θ3


N3 =11.3 + 4980.58θ3 + 948.68θ2

θ2 = 0.00347
θ3 = -0.00294

M12 = 0.069 ton-m


M21 = 12.78 ton-m

M23 = -12.78 ton-m


M32 = 14.31 ton-m

M34 = -14.36 ton-m


M43 = 0.76 ton-m
2.5ton/m 8ton 6ton 4ton/m
0.069ton- 12.78ton-m 14,31ton-m 0.76ton-m
R1 R2 R3 R4
5m 2m 1,5m 3m 4m

TRAMO1 TABBLA DE CORTANTE

ΣFy = 0 Q1 3.7 0
R1 +R2i =12.5 ton Q2 3.7 -12.5
Q3 -8.8 8.8
+ ΣM = 0
-0.069 + 12.78 + 12.5(2.5) -5R2i = 0 TABLA DE MOMENTO
R2i = 8.8 ton
R1= 3.70 ton M1 -0.069 0
M2 -0.069 2.74
TRAMO2 M3 2.671 -15.48
M4 -12.78 12.78
ΣFY= 0
R2d + R3i = 14 ton TABBLA DE CORTANTE TRAMO2

+ ΣM = 0 Q1 8.07 0
-12.78 + 14.31 + 18(2) +6(3.5) - 6.5R3i = 0 Q2 8.07 -8
R3i = 5.92 R2d = 8.07 Q3 0.07 -6
Q4 -5.92 5.92
TRAMO3
TABLA DE MOMENTO TRAMO2
ΣFy = 0
R3d + R4 = 16 ton M1 -12.78 0
M2 -12.78 16.14
+ ΣM=0 M3 3.36 0.105
-14.31 + 0.76 + 16(2) - R4 = 0 M4 3.46 -17.76
R4 = 4.61ton M5 -14.31 14.31
R3d = 11.39 ton
TABLA DE CORTANTETRAMO3

Q1 11.39 0
Q2 11.39 -16
Q3 -4.61 4.61

TABLA DE MOMENTO TRAMO3

M1 -14.31 0
M2 -14.31 16.17
M3 1.86 -2.65
M4 -0.76 0.76

DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTE P

8.53
3.7

-8
-8.8

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO DE LA VIGA

3.46
2.671
3.36

0.069

-12.78
DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTE DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO

2.671
3.7
A1
3.7 -0.69
-8.8 A2
0

X=1.48 Y= 3.52 -8.8 -12.78


A1 = 2.74m2 A2 = 15,48m2
-0.069
2.671
-12.78
0
DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTE2 DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO2
TE TRAMO2 8.07
0.07
8.07
0.07 A2 A3
-5.92 -5.92
0 2m 1.5m 3m 12.78

A1= 16.14 m2 A2 = 0.105 m2


-12.78 A3 = 17.76 m2
3.36
3.46
-14.31 DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTE3
0
11.39
A1

11.39
-4.61 14.31
0 A2
X = 2.84 Y= 1.15
A1 = 16.17 m2 -4.61
A2 = -265 m2
-14.31
1.86
-0.76
0

DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTE PARA LA VIGA

11.39

0.53

-4.46 -4,61

MA DE MOMENTO DE LA VIGA

1.86

0.76

14.31
3,46
3.36

14.31

1,86

0.76