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WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City

Chapter 5

Summary, Findings, Conclusions, Implications and Recommendations

The purpose of the study was to determine the validity level of the developed

courseware.

Chapter five consists of five parts: (1) Summary, (2) Findings, (3) Conclusions,

(4) Implications, and (5) Recommendations.

Part One, Summary, presents the problems and the essential findings of the

research.

Part Two, Findings, presents the results of the study.

Part Three, Conclusions, consists of the abstraction drawn from the result of the

study.

Part Four, Implications, reveals the implications associated with the findings of

the investigations.

Part Five, Recommendations, offers some suggestions on how the results of the

study maybe enhanced.


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 2

Summary

This quantitative study aimed to produce a gamified multimedia learning tool in a

form of a courseware as an aid in teaching literature to Grade 10 students. This study

sought to answer questions concerning the validity level of the courseware based on

these evaluative areas: engagement and motivation; user-friendliness; cognitive

assessment; accessibility and availability; relevance to curriculum; aesthetic value; and

audibility.

More specifically:

1. What is the validity level of the developed courseware based on the validated

rubric?

2. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on Engagement and Motivation?

3. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on its User-friendliness?

4. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on Cognitive Assessment?

5. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on Accessibility and Availability?

6. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on its Relevance to Curriculum?


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 3

7. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on its Aesthetic Value?

8. What is the validity level of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students

based on its Audibility?

To determine the validity of the courseware, experts were chosen to validate the

courseware using a validated rubric. For this purpose, the mean was used. The data on

the validity of the courseware were gathered through the interpretation of the results

from the chosen experts.

Findings

This quantitative research, focused on developing a courseware a gamified

learning tool in teaching literature among Grade 10 students, was successful. Based on

the findings of this study, the courseware proved to be a useful addition to the teacher's

niche of instructional materials to aid in students' learning.

Based on the results after several evaluations, the researchers have concluded

that:

1. The overall validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students was

evaluated and was rated as "Exemplary" (M=3.29).

2. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on

Engagement and Motivation is in the 'Exemplary' level (M=3.67).

3. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

User-Friendliness is in the 'Accomplished' level (M=3.00).


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 4

4. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

Cognitive Assessment is in the 'Exemplary' level (M=3.67).

5. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

Accessibility and Availability is in the 'Accomplished' level (M=2.67).

6. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

relevance to curriculum is in the 'Exemplary' level (M=3.67).

7. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

aesthetic value is in the 'Accomplished' level (M=3.00).

8. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

audibility is in the 'Exemplary' level (M=3.33).

Conclusions

The following conclusions were drawn on the bases of the findings:

1. The overall validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students was

evaluated and was rated as "Exemplary" and therefore the evaluators found it to be

valid for instructional use.

2. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on

Engagement and Motivation is in the 'Exemplary' level, therefore the evaluators found

the courseware to be highly engaging and motivating for the users.

2. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

User-Friendliness is in the 'Accomplished' level, therefore the evaluators found that when

using the courseware, the user needs supervision.


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 5

3. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

Cognitive Assessment is in the 'Exemplary' level, therefore the courseware can make use

the user's higher order thinking skills such as evaluating, analyzing and applying.

4. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

Accessibility and Availability is in the 'Accomplished' level, therefore the evaluators found

that the courseware can be launched and played in most browsers with little bug or

interruption.

5. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

relevance to curriculum is in the 'Exemplary' level, therefore the evaluators found that

the skills reinforced in the courseware are strongly connected to the targeted skill or

concepts.

6. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

aesthetic value is in the 'Accomplished' level, therefore the evaluators found that the

font properties are appropriate and the color schemes are balanced.

7. The validity of the developed courseware for Grade 10 students based on its

audibility is in the 'Exemplary' level, therefore evaluators found that the words spoken

are clear, with proper pronunciation and are read in proper pacing to be understood by

the user.

Implications

Implications for Theory. As it has been in countless times reiterated in this

study, the technological advancements happening in the world continues to redefine


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 6

both the roles of technology and the teachers in the field of education. The good effects

brought about by integrating technology with education has been discussed by the

proponents of the Technology, Pedagogy, and Content Knowledge (TPACK) Theory, the

foundational principle this research activity. Thus, the results the research activity has

collected in its duration have in a way or two strengthened and supported the very

theory it was anchored on. Inasmuch, the study results provided the salient components

of the TPACK Theory with a corresponding implication.

Content Knowledge. The study revealed that there is more to lessons and

literature than having them delivered in a traditional manner. A teacher may make use

of a courseware to present his lectures in more creative ways possible.

Pedagogical Knowledge. The results of the study only proves that a

courseware can aid in the classroom management, as well as develop and enhance the

teachers' strategies, techniques, and methods of teaching.

Pedagogical Content Knowledge. The research activity has paved way for

curriculum implementers to relate the salient features and components of the recently

implemented K to 12 Curriculum in the delivery of their lessons.

Technological Knowledge. In an age where learners are used to anything

digital, the results gathered by the researchers will help teachers facilitate learning while

adhering to the learners’ most common way of learning.


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 7

Technological Content Knowledge. The outcome of this research project will

in a way or another help the learners in their acquisition and absorption of the content

presented while being delivered through technology-aided instruction.

Technological Pedagogical Knowledge. The results collected will put the

teacher’s capacity to a test on whether or not he can strike a balance between the

technological and the pedagogical aspect of the learning environment.

Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge. The results have proven

that certainly, technology, pedagogy, and content and relation to each can be fused so

as to deliver a holistic learning, in its desire to offer a relevant and education.

Implications on Practice. The overall evaluation of the multimedia courseware

was 'Exemplary'. On this note, the researchers implied that this courseware can be of

great help to aid the teachers in facilitating the independent learning of the students. In

addition to this, the educators should explore and make the most out of learning

opportunities. However, despite this positive implication, teachers must keep in mind

that they still need to consider the vitality of their presence inside the classroom. Also,

the use of this multimedia courseware is a shared responsibility between the learner and

the teacher.

The use of technology in learning is a form of extrinsic motivation so that

students are highly encouraged to learn however, technology-driven instruction is only

as effective if the students are intrinsically motivated as well.


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COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 8

Recommendations

Based on the results of the study, the researchers came up with

recommendations that would help develop further studies regarding the integration of

the multimedia tool through a courseware inside the classroom.

Correspondingly, during the process of validating the courseware, several

recommendations from tested experts emerged.

In the view of foregoing conclusions, the following are the recommendations:

1. The teacher should integrate the courseware in classroom instruction to

improve student’s motivation and engagement as well as address the different

intelligence strengths of the learners. There are many ways to enhance classroom

instruction, interaction and learning through integrating technology-mediated instruction

just like the use of gamified courseware.

2. Courseware developers could find ways to improve and enhance the

developed courseware. The courseware, Mythagon, can be improved in ways such as:

creating home and log in pages; provides tutorials; troubleshooting bugs and errors;

and, organizing contents, including sounds, text and images.

3. Curriculum Designers should consider commissioning or funding research

activities similar and parallel to this one. They must as well look at the possibility of

coming up with innovative, modern and effective curriculum designs integrating

technology with the subject courses.


WEST VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
Iloilo City 9

4. Future researchers shall have the courseware pilot-tested and constantly

validated to ensure its validity, reliability, acceptability, effectiveness and applicability in

the classroom. Future research activities can adapt from the Learner's Materials.

Developments can be made by utilizing the rest of the stories found in these material for

a wider and fuller scope of learning experience.