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# AQA Triple (8463) Science- Physics-PLC

AQA TRIPLE Physics (8463) Paper 1 Topics Triple Paper Combined Paper Triple Paper Triple Paper Combined Paper Combined Paper Triple Paper Combined Paper
Trip. Specimen
Specimen Specimen paper
Topic PLC
No.
Double H
PLC No.
Double F
PLC No. Student Checklist paper Higher
Marks paper Marks
Foundation
Marks Paper 2 Marks Paper 3 Marks Paper 2 H Marks Paper 2 F Marks Paper 3 H Marks Paper 3 F Marks Paper 4 Marks Paper 4 H Marks Paper 4 F Marks
Higher
1 1 1 Define a system as an object or group of objects and state examples of changes in the way energy is stored in a system
2 2 2 Describe how all the energy changes involved in an energy transfer and calculate relative changes in energy when the heat, work done or flow of charge in a system changes 2.1 2 7.1 2 5 4 9 6 5.2, 5.3 3
4.1.1 Energy 3 3 3 Use calculations to show on a common scale how energy in a system is redistributed
changes in a 4 4 4 Calculate the kinetic energy of an object by recalling and applying the equation: [ Ek = ½mv2 ] 11.3, 11.4 5 2.2,2.3,2.4,2. 9 7.2,7.3,7.4, 7.5 9 12b 3 1, 6 7 3, 4 7 10 2 6,7 10 1.1, 1.2 3
system, and 5 5 5 Calculate the amount of elastic potential energy stored in a stretched spring by applying, but not recalling, the equation: [ Ee= ½ke2 ] 11.5 3
the ways
6 6 6 Calculate the amount of gravitational potential energy gained by an object raised above ground level by recalling and applying, the equation: [ E e = mgh ] 11.1, 11.2 3 12a 4 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 5
energy is
7 7 7 Calculate the amount of energy stored in or released from a system as its temperature changes by applying, but not recalling, the equation: [ ΔE = mcΔ θ ]
stored before
and after 8 8 8 Define the term 'specific heat capacity'
such changes 9 9 9 Required practical 1: investigation to determine the specific heat capacity of one or more materials. 4.1 1 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 11
10 10 10 Define power as the rate at which energy is transferred or the rate at which work is done and the watt as an energy transfer of 1 joule per second
11 11 11 Calculate power by recalling and applying the equations: [ P = E/t & P = W/t ] 4.2, 4.3 3 5.3,5.8 3 10c, 10h 3 1a 6 11.1 3 3.5 3 5.4, 5.5 4
12 12 12 Explain, using examples, how two systems transferring the same amount of energy can differ in power output due to the time taken 4.5 1
13 13 13 State that energy can be transferred usefully, stored or dissipated, but cannot be created or destroyed and so the total energy in a system does not change 4b 2 3.6, 4.3 5
4.1.2 14 14 14 Explain that only some of the energy in a system is usefully transferred, with the rest ‘wasted’, giving examples of how this wasted energy can be reduced 4.2, 4.3 2
Conservatio 15 15 15 Explain ways of reducing unwanted energy transfers and the relationship between thermal conductivity and energy transferred 4.5 2
n and 16 16 16 Describe how the rate of cooling of a building is affected by the thickness and thermal conductivity of its walls 8.5 2
dissipation 17 17 17 Required practical 2: investigate the effectiveness of different materials as thermal insulators and the factors that may affect the thermal insulation properties of a material. 6 7 1, 8.2, 8.3, 8 7
of energy 18 18 18 Calculate efficiency by recalling and applying the equation: [ efficiency = useful power output / total power input ] 5.4 2 4, 9c 14 7 3 5,9f 8 7.3 4 4.4 2
19 19 HT ONLY: Suggest and explain ways to increase the efficiency of an intended energy transfer 5.1 to 5.5 7 4aiii, 5 8
4.1.3 20 20 20 List the main renewable and non-renewable energy resources and define what a renewable energy resource is 10 7 5.3 1
National 21 21 21 Compare ways that different energy resources are used, including uses in transport, electricity generation and heating
and global 22 22 22 Explain why some energy resources are more reliable than others, explaining patterns and trends in their use 2.1, 10.2 3 5.1 2
energy 23 23 23 Evaluate the use of different energy resources, taking into account any ethical and environmental issues which may arise 9 5 1b 5 2.4, 2.5, 10. 7
resources 24 24 24 Justify the use of energy resources, with reference to both environmental issues and the limitations imposed by political, social, ethical or economic considerations 4 6 10.1 4
25 25 25 Draw and interpret circuit diagrams, including all common circuit symbols 8.1 3 1.1, 1.2 2 6.1, 6.2 2 6ai 2 1a 3 1,9a,b 7 5.5 1 1.1 2 1, 2.2, 2.5, 6 6
26 26 26 Define electric current as the rate of flow of electrical charge around a closed circuit 5.1 1
27 27 27 Calculate charge and current by recalling and applying the formula: [ Q = It ] 13.2, 13.3 7 5.3 3 2.8 3
4.2.1
28 28 28 Explain that current is caused by a source of potential difference and it has the same value at any point in a single closed loop of a circuit
Current,
29 29 29 Describe and apply the idea that the greater the resistance of a component, the smaller the current for a given potential difference (p.d.) across the component 7.3 2 6.3, 6.4, 6.5 6 6aii 1 8 9 4 9
potential
30 30 30 Calculate current, potential difference or resistance by recalling and applying the equation: [ V = IR ] 7.1, 7.2 5 1.4, 1.5 4 6b, 6c, 7a 11 2, 9,a,b 13 1b, 2 9 5 7 5.2 3 1.4, 1.5 4 6.4, 6.5 4
difference
31 31 31 Required practical 3: Use circuit diagrams to set up and check circuits to investigate the factors affecting the resistance of electrical circuits 1.6 1 1.2, 1.3, 1.6, 1 6 2, 6.3, 6.6, 6 6
and
32 32 32 Define an ohmic conductor 1.3 2 3b, 3c 11
resistance
33 33 33 Explain the resistance of components such as lamps, diodes, thermistors and LDRs and sketch/interpret IV graphs of their characteristic electrical behaviour 6.6 1 3a 2 5.4 2 2.3,2.4 2
34 34 34 Explain how to measure the resistance of a component by drawing an appropriate circuit diagram using correct circuit symbols
35 35 35 Required practical 4: use circuit diagrams to construct appropriate circuits to investigate the I–V characteristics of a variety of circuit elements
36 36 36 Show by calculation and explanation that components in series have the same current passing through them 2,3a 8
4.2.2 Series 37 37 37 Show by calculation and explanation that components connected in parallel have the same the potential difference across each of them
and parallel 38 38 38 Calculate the total resistance of two components in series as the sum of the resistance of each component using the equation: [ R total = R 1 + R 2 ] 2.6, 2.7 2
circuits 39 39 39 Explain qualitatively why adding resistors in series increases the total resistance whilst adding resistors in parallel decreases the total resistance 7.4 2
40 40 40 Solve problems for circuits which include resistors in series using the concept of equivalent resistance 8.2, 8.3, 8.4 7
4.2.3 41 41 41 Explain the difference between direct and alternating voltage and current, stating what UK mains is 1.1,1.5 2 1a, 1b 3 3b,c 3 3.4 2
Domestic 42 42 42 Identify and describe the function of each wire in a three-core cable connected to the mains 1.2,1.3 3 4.4, 4.5 3 3.1, 3.2 2
uses and 43 43 43 State that the potential difference between the live wire and earth (0 V) is about 230 V and that both neutral wires and our bodies are at, or close to, earth potential (0 V) 3.3 1
safety
44 44 44 Explain that a live wire may be dangerous even when a switch in the mains circuit is open by explaining the danger of providing any connection between the live wire and earth 13.1 4 1.4 2 7b 4 1c 2
45 45 45 Explain how the power transfer in any circuit device is related to the potential difference across it and the current through it 9c 4 5.2 3
46 46 46 Calculate power by recalling and applying the equations: [ P = VI ] and [ P = I 2 R ] 7.1, 7.2, 11. 9 4.6, 5.5(half 8
4.2.4 47 47 47 Describe how appliances transfer energy to the kinetic energy of motors or the thermal energy of heating devices
48 48 48 Calculate and explain the amount of energy transferred by electrical work by recalling and applying the equations: [ E = Pt ] and [ E = QV ] 2d, 4ai, 4aii 6 5.5 (half) 2 5.1 3
Energy
49 49 49 Explain how the power of a circuit device is related to the potential difference across it, the current through it and the energy transferred over a given time. 1d, 1e, 1f 7
transfers
50 50 50 Describe, with examples, the relationship between the power ratings for domestic electrical appliances and the changes in stored energy when they are in use
51 51 51 Identify the National Grid as a system of cables and transformers linking power stations to consumers 1.6, 1.7, 1.8 4 2 11 9d,11 7 5.4 6 3.5, 3.6 5
52 52 52 Explain why the National Grid system is an efficient way to transfer energy, with reference to change in potential difference reducing current 3.1 to 3.3 4 10 6
53 PHY ONLY: Describe the production of static electricity by the rubbing of insulating surfaces 6.2 2
54 PHY ONLY: Describe evidence that charged objects exert forces of attraction or repulsion on one another when not in contact

55 PHY ONLY: Explain how the transfer of electrons between objects can explain the phenomenon of static electricity, including how insulators are charged and sparks are created 6.1, 6.3 4 2a, 2b, 2c 7 5a,b,c 9
4.2.5 Static
electricity 56 PHY ONLY: Draw the electric field pattern for an isolated charged sphere 5d,e 3
57 PHY ONLY: Explain the concept of an electric field and the decrease in its strength as the distance from it increases

58 PHY ONLY: Explain how the concept of an electric field helps to Explain the non-contact force between charged objects as well as other electrostatic phenomena such as sparking

59 53 53 Calculate the density of a material by recalling and applying the equation: [ ρ = m/V ] 1.3,1.4, 12 10 9 6 2.2, 2.3 6 1.4 2
4.3.1
60 54 54 Recognise/draw simple diagrams to model the difference between solids, liquids and gases
Changes of
61 55 55 Use the particle model to explain the properties of different states of matter and differences in the density of materials 1.1,1.2 3 5.1, 5.2 8 8 6 3a 4 11 6 5, 11 18 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 4
state and
62 56 56 Required practical 5: use appropriate apparatus to make and record the measurements needed to determine the densities of regular and irregular solid objects and liquids
the particle
63 57 57 Recall and describe the names of the processes by which substances change state
model
64 58 58 Use the particle model to explain why a change of state is reversible and affects the properties of a substance, but not its mass 3 6 3.4 4 1.5 2
65 59 59 State that the internal energy of a system is stored in the atoms and molecules that make up the system
4.3.2
66 60 60 Explain that internal energy is the total kinetic energy and potential energy of all the particles in a system
Internal
67 61 61 Calculate the change in thermal energy by applying but not recalling the equation [∆E =m c ∆ θ ] 4.4 3 5.2,5.4,5.5,5. 14 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5 13 10a, 10b, 10d, 10e, 14 6 6 4.1 3 4.1 3
energy and
68 62 62 Calculate the specific latent heat of fusion/vaporisation by applying, but not recalling, the equation: [ E = mL ] 6.4 5 5.3 1 3b,c,d 8
energy
69 63 63 Interpret and draw heating and cooling graphs that include changes of state 4.2 3
transfers
70 64 64 Distinguish between specific heat capacity and specific latent heat 6.5 4
71 65 65 Explain why the molecules of a gas are in constant random motion and that the higher the temperature of a gas, the greater the particles’ average kinetic energy 6.1,6.2,6.3 6
72 66 66 Explain, with reference to the particle model, the effect of changing the temperature of a gas held at constant volume on its pressure 9 7
4.3.3
Particle 73 67 67 Calculate the change in the pressure of a gas or the volume of a gas (a fixed mass held at constant temperature) when either the pressure or volume is increased or decreased
model and
74 PHY ONLY: Explain, with reference to the particle model, how increasing the volume in which a gas is contained can lead to a decrease in pressure when the temperature is constant 9.1,9.3 5
pressur
75 PHY ONLY: Calculate the pressure for a fixed mass of gas held at a constant temperature by applying, but not recalling, the equation: [ pV = constant ] 9.2 3
76 PHY & HT ONLY: Explain how work done on an enclosed gas can lead to an increase in the temperature of the gas, as in a bicycle pump 11d 2
77 68 68 Describe the basic structure of an atom and how the distance of the charged particles vary with the absorption or emission of electromagnetic radiation 4.1,4,2, 4.3 5 1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3 8 7, 8a, 8b 7 4 6 8 9 6.2 3 3.3 1
4.4.1 Atoms 78 69 68 Define electrons, neutrons, protons, isotopes and ions 8c,d 6 3.1, 3.2 4
and 79 70 69 Relate differences between isotopes to differences in conventional representations of their identities, charges and masses
isotopes
80 71 70 Describe how the atomic model has changed over time due to new experimental evidence, inc discovery of the atom and scattering experiments (inc the work of James Chadwick) 2 6 1 8 8a,b 8 6.1 4
81 72 71 Describe and apply the idea that the activity of a radioactive source is the rate at which its unstable nuclei decay, measured in Becquerel (Bq) by a Geiger-Muller tube 9.1 2 4.4 4 2.1, 2.2, 2.3 4
82 73 72 Describe the penetration through materials, the range in air and the ionising power for alpha particles, beta particles and gamma rays 3.1,3.2 3 2.5 1 6a, 8b 4 2, 3a 4 7 5 2.3 6 7.3 6
83 74 73 Apply knowledge of the uses of radiation to evaluate the best sources of radiation to use in a given situation 9.5 2 7a,b,ci 7
4.4.2 Atoms 84 75 74 Use the names and symbols of common nuclei and particles to complete balanced nuclear equations, by balancing the atomic numbers and mass numbers 9.3, 9.4 2 10b 7
and nuclear 85 76 75 Define half-life of a radioactive isotope 3.3 1 2.4 2 3b 4
radiation HT ONLY: Determine the half-life of a radioactive isotope from given information and calculate the net decline, expressed as a ratio, in a radioactive emission after a given number of half-
86 77 9.2 2 7,cii,d 5 6b 6 8 8 2.1 2 7.1 2
lives
87 78 78 Compare the hazards associated with contamination and irradiation and outline suitable precautions taken to protect against any hazard the radioactive sources may present 9.6 2 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 5 6c 2 2.2 2 7.2 2
88 79 79 Discuss the importance of publishing the findings of studies into the effects of radiation on humans and sharing findings with other scientists so that they can be checked by peer review

89 PHY ONLY: State, giving examples, that background radiation is caused by natural and man-made sources and that the level of radiation may be affected by occupation and/or location
4.4.3 Hazards
and uses of PHY ONLY: Explain the relationship between the instability and half-life of radioactive isotopes and why the hazards associated with radioactive material differ according to the half-life
90
emissions 91 PHY ONLY: Describe and evaluate the uses of nuclear radiation in exploration of internal organs and controlling or destroying unwanted tissue
and of 92 PHY ONLY: Evaluate the perceived risks of using nuclear radiation in relation to given data and consequences
background 93 PHY ONLY: Describe nuclear fission 10.2 2 10a, 11a 5 11 10 4.1 4
radiation 94 PHY ONLY: Draw/interpret diagrams representing nuclear fission and how a chain reaction may occur 10.1, 10.3 5 11c 3
95 PHY ONLY: Describe nuclear fusion 11b 2 4.2, 4.3 5
Total 100 Total 70 Total 70 Total 100 Total 100 Total 70 Total 70 Total 70 Total 70 Total 100 Total 70 Total 70