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Momento Linear e Centro de Massa

1. Two blocks of masses M and 3M are placed on a horizontal,frictionless


surface. A light spring is attached to one of them, and the blocks
are pushed together with the spring between them. A cord initially
holding the blocks together is burned; after this, the block of mass
3M moves to the right with a speed of 2.00 m/s. (a) What is the
speed of the block of mass M ? (b) Find the original elastic energy
in the spring if M = 0.350kg.
2. A tennis player receives a shot with the ball (0.0600kg) traveling
horizontally at 50.0m/s and returns the shot with the ball traveling
horizontally at 40.0m/s in the opposite direction. (a) What is the
impulse delivered to the ball by the racket? (b) What work does
the racket do on the ball?
Figura 1: Questão 1
3. A proton, moving with a velocity of vi i, collides elastically with
another proton that is initially at rest. If the two protons have
equal speeds after the collision, find (a) the speed of each proton
after the collision in terms of vi and (b) the direction of the velocity
vectors after the collision.
4. A rod of length 30.0cm has linear density (mass-perlength) given
by
λ = 50 + 20x
where x is the distance from one end, measured in meters. (a)
What is the mass of the rod? (b) How far from the x = 0 end is
its center of mass?
5. A ball of mass 0.200kg has a velocity of 1.50im/s; a ball of mass
0.300kg has a velocity of 0.400im/s. They meet in a head-on elastic
collision. (a) Find their velocities after the collision. (b) Find the
velocity of their center of mass before and after the collision.
6. A chain of length L and total mass M is released from rest with its
lower end just touching the top of a table, as shown in. Find the
force exerted by the table on the chain after the chain has fallen
through a distance x. (Assume each link comes to rest the instant
it reaches the table.)
7. Two masses m and 3m are moving toward each other along the x
axis with the same initial speeds vi . Mass m is traveling to the left,
while mass 3m is traveling to the right. They undergo an elastic
glancing collision such that mass m is moving downward after the
collision at right angles from its initial direction. (a) Find the final Figura 2: Questão 6
speeds of the two masses. (b) What is the angle at which the mass
3m is scattered?

1
Rotação de um Corpo Rı́gido

8. The angular position of a swinging door is described by θ = 5+10t+


2t2 . Determine the angular position, angular speed, and angular
acceleration of the door (a) at t = 0 and (b) at t = 3s.
9. A car traveling on a flat (unbanked) circular track accelerates uni-
formly from rest with a tangential acceleration of 1.70m/s2 . The
car makes it one quarter of the way around the circle before it skids
off the track. Determine the coefficient of static friction between
the car and track from these data.
10. Two masses M and m are connected by a rigid rod of length L
and of negligible mass. For an axis perpendicular to the rod, show Figura 3: Questão 10
that the system has the minimum moment of inertia when the axis
passes through the center of mass. Show that this moment of inertia
is I = µL2 , where µ = mM/(m + M ).
11. Three identical thin rods, each of length L and mass m, are welded
perpendicular to each other. The entire setup is rotated about
an axis that passes through the end of one rod and is parallel to
another. Determine the moment of inertia of this arrangement.
12. A block of mass m1 = 2kg and a block of mass m2 = 6kg are
connected by a massless string over a pulley in the shape of a disk
having radius R = 0.25m and mass M = 10kg. These blocks are
allowed to move on a fixed block–wedge of angle θ = 30o . The
coefficient of kinetic friction for both blocks is 0.36. Draw free- Figura 4: Questão 11
body diagrams of both blocks and of the pulley. Determine (a) the
acceleration of the two blocks and (b) the tensions in the string on
both sides of the pulley.
13. A cord is wrapped around a pulley of mass m and of radius r.
The free end of the cord is connected to a block of mass M . The
block starts from rest and then slides down an incline that makes
an angle θ with the horizontal. The coefficient of kinetic friction Figura 5: Questão 12
between block and incline is µ. (a) Use energy methods to show
that the block’s speed as a function of displacement d down the
incline is " #1/2
4gdM
v= (sinθ − µcosθ)
m + 2M
(b) Find the magnitude of the acceleration of the block in terms of
µ, m, M , g, and θ.

2
Momento Angular

14. (a) Determine the acceleration of the center of mass of a uniform


solid disk rolling down an incline making an angle θ with the hori-
zontal. Compare this acceleration with that of a uniform hoop. (b)
What is the minimum coefficient of friction required to maintain
pure rolling motion for the disk?
15. A force of F = (2.00i + 3.00j)N is applied to an object that is
pivoted about a fixed axis aligned along the z coordinate axis. If
the force is applied at the point r = (4.00i + 5.00j + 0k)m, find
(a) the magnitude of the net torque about the z axis and (b) the
direction of the torque vector.
16. A conical pendulum consists of a bob of mass m in motion in a
circular path in a horizontal plane. During the motion, the sup-
porting wire of length l maintains the constant angle θ with the
vertical. Show that the magnitude of the angular momentum of
the mass about the center of the circle is
Figura 6: Questão 16
L = (m2 gl3 + sin4 θ/cosθ)1/2

17. A particle of mass m is shot with an initial velocity vi and makes an


angle θ with the horizontal. The particle moves in the gravitational
field of the Earth. Find the angular momentum of the particle
about the origin when the particle is (a) at the origin, (b) at the
highest point of its trajectory, and (c) just about to hit the ground.
(d) What torque causes its angular momentum to change?

Figura 7: Questão 17

18. A wooden block of mass M resting on a frictionless horizontal sur-


face is attached to a rigid rod of length l and of negligible mass.
The rod is pivoted at the other end. A bullet of mass m traveling
parallel to the horizontal surface and normal to the rod with speed
v hits the block and becomes embedded in it. (a) What is the an-
gular momentum of the bullet–block system? (b) What fraction of
the original kinetic energy is lost in the collision?

3 Figura 8: Questão 18
19. A large, cylindrical roll of paper of initial radius R lies on a long,
horizontal surface with the open end of the paper nailed to the
surface. The roll is given a slight shove (vi ≈ 0) and begins to
unroll. (a) Determine the speed of the center of mass of the roll
when its radius has diminished to r. (b) Calculate a numerical value
for this speed at r = 1.00mm, assuming R = 6.00m. (c) What
happens to the energy of the system when the paper is completely
unrolled? (Hint: Assume that the roll has a uniform density and
apply energy methods.)