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Basic Parts of the Computer

 Mother Board
A motherboard is the main printed circuit board (PCB) in a computer.
The motherboard is a computer’s central communications backbone
connectivity point, through which all components and external
peripherals connect.

 System Unit
System unit is a case that contains electronic component of the computer used to
process data. The case of the system unit, sometimes called the chassis, is made of
metal or plastic and protects the internal electronic components from damage.
 CPU(Central Processing Unit)
The central processing unit (CPU) is the unit which performs most of the
processing inside a computer. To control instructions and data flow to and from
other parts of the computer, the CPU relies heavily on a chipset, which is a group
of microchips located on the motherboard.

 Memory
Computer memory is any physical device capable of storing information temporarily
or permanently. For example, Random Access Memory (RAM), is a volatile memory that
stores information on an integrated circuit used by the operating system, software, and
hardware.
 HDD(Hard Disk Drive)
A hard disk drive, hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data
storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information
using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks coated with magnetic material.

 Power Supply
A power supply is an electrical device that supplies electric power to an electrical
load. The primary function of a power supply is to convert electric current from a
source to the correct voltage, current, and frequency to power the load.
What are the input devices? Define each.
- aninput device is a piece of computer hardware equipment
used to provide data and control signals to an information
processing system such as a computer or information appliance.

 Mouse - a computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that


detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface. This motion is
typically translated into the motion of a pointer on a display, which
allows a smooth control of the graphical user interface.
 Keyboard - a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which
uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or
electronic switches.
 Scanners - A scanner is a device that captures images from
photographic prints, posters, magazine pages, and similar sources
for computer editing and display. Scanners come in hand-held, feed-
in, and flatbed types and for scanning black-and-white only, or color.
 Digital Camera - A digital camera or digicam is a camera that
captures photographs in digital memory.
 Joystick - a joystick is a cursor control device used in
computer games and assistive technology . The joystick, which got
its name from the control stick used by a pilot to control the ailerons
and elevators of an airplane, is a hand-held lever that pivots on one
end and transmits its coordinates to a computer.
What are the output devices? Define each.
- An output device is any peripheral that receives data from a
computer, usually for display, projection, or physical reproduction. ...
Monitors and printers are two of the most common output
devices used with a computer.

 Speakers - vibrations in order to make audible sound. When CRT


monitors were the norm, speakers designed for computers were
shielded to avoid magnetic interference with the CRT's magnetic coil.
Getting Smaller All the Time. A device that converts analog audio
signals into the equivalent air
 Printer - A printer is a device that accepts text and graphic output
from a computer and transfers the information to paper, usually to
standard size sheets of paper. ... The best-known non-
impact printers are the inkjet printer, of which several makes of low-
cost color printers are an example, and the laser printer.
 Monitor - A display screen used to provide visual output from
a computer, cable box, video camera, VCR or other video generating
device.Computer monitors use CRT and LCD technology, while
TV monitors use CRT, LCD and plasma technologies. See
analog monitor, digital monitorand flat panel display.
 Headphone - headphones are a hardware output device that
either plug into your computerline out or your speakers to privately
listen to audio without disturbing others.
 Microphone - A microphone is a device that captures audio by
converting sound waves into an electrical signal. This signal can be
amplified as an analog signal or may be converted to a digital signal,
which can be processed by a computer or other digital audio device.