You are on page 1of 19

PDVSA

MATERIAL TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


VOLUME 3

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION

PDVSA N° TITLE
EM–18–00/02 SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE FROM
MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS TO BE USED IN
SWEET ENVIRONMENTS

1 OCT.98 APPROVED 18 E.P. L.T. O.A.

0 DIC.85 APPROVED 7 D.G. R.R. J.S.

REV. DATE DESCRIPTION PAG. REV. APPD APPD.

APPD. BY Luis Tovar DATE OCT.98 APPD. BY Oscar Adrianzén DATE OCT.98

E PDVSA, 1983 SPECIALISTS


MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 1
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

Index
1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3 DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
3.1 (3.22) Lot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4 PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4.1 (5.1) General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
4.2 (5.2) Heat treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.3 (5.3) Straightening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.4 (5.4) Traceability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
5 (6) MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
5.1 (6.1) Chemical Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
5.2 (6.2) Mechanical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
6 (7) DIMENSIONS, WEIGHTS, LENGTHS, DEFECTS, AND END
FINISHES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
6.1 (7.1) Dimensions and Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
6.2 (7.10) Tolerance on dimensions and weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
7 (9) INSPECTION AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.1 (9.3) Testing of Mechanical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.2 (9.4) Hydrostatic Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.3 (9.7) Nondestructive Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.4 (9.11) collapse and burst tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8 (10) MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
9 (11) COATING AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
9.1 (11.2) Thread Protectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
10 SHIPPING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
10.1 Release for Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
10.2 Items for Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
11 MANUFACTURER CLASSIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
12 PACKAGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
13 HANDLING DAMAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
14 NEW DEVELOPMENT SAMPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
15 CONNECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
16 (13) DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
16.1 (13.1) Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 2
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

17 SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

A MODIFIED 13% CR TUBULARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

A.1 CORROSION REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

ANNEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 3
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

1 SCOPE
This specification covers minimum requirements for casing and tubing made from
seamless martensitic stainless steels. The use of them is circumscribed to sweet
environments, with significant dissolved CO2 amounts.
The modified 13% Cr according to this Specification shall be resistant to general
corrosion, localized corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, within the limits
indicated in Table 1.

TABLE 1. CORROSION ENVIRONMENT


Agent Level
CO2 Partial pressure 800 psi (maximum)
H2S Partial pressure 0.25 psi (maximum)
Chloride ions 30,000 ppm (maximum)
Temperature 77 oF (25 oC) minimum
330 oF (166 oC) maximum

All requirements not included in this Specification shall be in accordance with the
latest edition of API Specification 5CT. All materials shall be furnished to meet the
requirements of this Specification.
The pipe will have to comply with the requirements of this specification, as well
as those indicated in the Purchase Order.
In the event of differences among the Purchase Order, this specification and API
5CT specification will prevail first what is indicated in the Purchase Order, and
then, what is indicated in this specification. Exception can be made only if
permission is guaranteed in writing by PDVSA.
This specification does not apply to material previously purchased and/or ”in
stock” by PDVSA.
NOTE: The numbers of this specification are followed by the numbers, in
parenthesis, corresponding to the API 5CT (Fith Edition, April 1, 1995)
paragraphs when there are modifications to what it is stated on API specification,
or additional items following its numbering.

2 REFERENCES
S Specification for Casing and Tubing, API 5CT, last edition.
S ASTM E112 Method for Estimating the Average Grain Size of Metals, last
edition.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 4
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

S Proof Test Procedure for Evaluation of High Pressure Casing and Tubing
Connection Designs API RP 37, last edition.

3 DEFINITIONS
3.1 (3.22) Lot
A group of pipes of the same product (with the same specified dimension and
grade) successively produced which belong to the same heat.

4 PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE
4.1 (5.1) General
4.1.1 (5.1.1)
Steel shall be fully killed and made to a fine grain practice.
4.1.2 (5.1.2)
Pipe furnished to this specification shall be made by the seamless process. Pipe
coupling stock pup joints and connector material furnished to this Specification
shall be manufactured by seamless process. Couplings and coupling blanks shall
be cut from coupling stock. Individually manufactured or heat–treated couplings
and coupling blanks are not permitted.
4.1.3 (5.1.5)
The manufacturer shall submit a manufacturing and quality plan complete with
aim and accept/reject limits for all products made to this Specification. The written
approval of the purchaser is required for the manufacturing and quality plan prior
to the start of the production.
4.1.4 (5.1.6)
Pipe furnished to this Specification shall be made by either hot working or cold
working seamless process. Pipe furnished to this Specification shall be made from
billets of steel by the electric furnace or the basic oxygen converter process.
4.1.5 (5.1.7)
Non–metallic inclusion levels, determined according to ASTM E–45 method D,
shall fall within the following limits:

h v 1.5

t v2
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 5
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

All surfaces (internal and external) shall be free of scale after final heat treatment.
The inclusion level shall be measured in one pipe per heat.

4.2 (5.2) Heat treatment


Pipe, coupling stock, pup joints and connector material furnished to this
Specification shall be quenched and tempered to their full length, in order to obtain
a microstructure of fully tempered martensite, and a homogeneous fine grain
structure. The austenitization temperatures shall be thoroughly checked and
registered at the beginning and during the heat treatment process.
Microstructure after the complete heat treatment shall be homogeneous and
containing a minimum of 90% of martensite. Austenitic grain size shall be ASTM
N° 7 or finer, determined according to ASTM E–112. Martensite content and grain
size shall be checked and reported at less one time per heat. Pipe end forming
for connections shall be followed by full body furnace stress relieving or induction
stress relieving of the ends to assure that the material’s best performance
properties are reestablished as per documented procedures with a specific
product verification process.

4.3 (5.3) Straightening


Hot rotary straightening at a temperature above 950 °F shall be applied. If hot
rotary straightening is not possible, the pipe may be cold rotary straightened
provided it is then stress relieved at a temperature above 950 °F.

4.4 (5.4) Traceability


Each length of pipe, coupling stock, pup joint and connector material shall be
uniquely numbered in accordance with API 5CT Section 10, except as follows:
– No die stamp marking shall be permitted
– Each length of pipe and coupling shall be numbered
Couplings, coupling blanks, pup joints and connector material shall be stenciled
with the serial number of the full length from which they originated, or with other
identification suitable to PDVSA. This is in order to provide traceability that can be
carried through all manufacturing, threading and inspection processes, and
remains verifiable until the pipe is run into the ground. Any test data shall be
related to individual lengths.

5 (6) MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS


5.1 (6.1) Chemical Requirements
The chemical analyses perform to determine the chemical composition of
martensitic stainless steels shall conform to the testing of chemical composition
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 6
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

according to 9.2 of API 5CT. It is required to follow paragraphs 9.2.1.2, 9.2.2.2 and
9.2.2.3. Pipes furnished to this Specification shall conform to the chemical
composition indicated in Table 2.

TABLE 2. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION (WT %)


Grade C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo Ti V
13% Cr 0.15–0.22 max.1.00 0,25–1.00 max.0.020 max.0.010 12.0 –14.0 max.0.50 – – –

Modified 13%
max. 0.03 max.0.5 max.0.5 max.0.02 max.0.005 11.5 – 13.5 5.0 – 6.5 1.8 –2.5 max.0.5 max.0.5
Cr – 95 Ksi

5.2 (6.2) Mechanical Properties


Pursuant to the provisions of the latest API Specification Q1 and Appendix C of
latest API Specification 5CT, the manufacturer (or processor) of the products shall
provide objective evidence that all of the mechanical product requirements for the
order are met to an acceptable quality level of 2 %, with a confidence interval of
at least 95 %.
5.2.1 (6.2.1) Tensile properties
Pipe and couplings furnished to this Specification shall comply with the tensile
requirements indicated in Table 3.

TABLE 3. TENSILE REQUIREMENTS

% Minimum
Grade Yield Strength (psi) Tensile Strength (psi)
Elongation
min max. min.

13% Cr – 75 Ksi 75,000 90,000 95,000 API formula

13% Cr – 80 Ksi 80,000 95,000 95,000 API formula

13% Cr – 85 Ksi 85,000 100,000 100,000 API formula

13% Cr – 90 Ksi 90,000 100,000 100,000 API formula

13% Cr – 95 Ksi 95,000 110,000 105,000 API formula

Modified 13% Cr – 95 Ksi 95,000 110,000 105,000 API formula

5.2.2 (6.2.2) Yield Strength


The yield strength shall be the tensile stress required to produce a total elongation
of 0.5 % of the gage length under load.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 7
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

5.2.3 (6.2.4) Charpy V–Notch (CVN) Adsorbed Energy Requirements


Charpy V notch test shall be carried out according to ASTM A–370 and ASTM
E–23. The test shall be at room temperature. One set of 5 full size specimens shall
be taken in the longitudinal direction from each pipe (or coupling blank) from which
tensile specimens are taken. If the pipe wall thickness is insufficient to obtain full
size specimens, 10 mm x 7,5 mm specimens may be taken. Minimum acceptable
absorbed energy levels in longitudinal direction are shown in Table 4. For modified
13%Cr tubulars, no more than two (2) impact specimens may show an absorbed
energy below 128 ft–lb.

TABLA 6. CHARPY V–NOTCH, MINIMUM ENERGY REQUIREMENTS

Average Longitudinal Specimen Individual Longitudinal Specimen


Grade
Energy (ft–lb) Energy (ft–lb)

10x10 mm 10x7.5 mm 10x10 mm 10x7.5 mm

13% Cr – 75 Ksi 80 64 64 51

13% Cr – 80 Ksi 80 64 64 51

13% Cr – 85 Ksi 80 64 64 51

13% Cr – 90 Ksi 80 64 64 51

13% Cr – 95 Ksi 80 64 64 51

Modified 13% Cr – 95 Ksi 160 128 140 112

5.2.4 (6.2.5) Hardness maximums


Hardness test shall be carried out in accordance with ASTM A–370 and ASTM
E–18 requirements. For hardness testing, ring specimens are taken from ends of
tubing or couplings of each heat treatment lot after tempering. For modified 13%
Cr, the hardness test shall be performed on one pipe per every 50 pipes per heat.
Hardness tests shall be conducted on each test ring as shown on Fig. 13 of API
5CT Specification. Hardness values (defined as the average of three individual
readings taken along a circumferential arc) shall be taken in each of the four
quadrants at the outer, mid wall and inner positions.
The maximum average hardness value and allowed variation for any item shall
be the value listed in Table 5.
If it is required performing microhardness tests, they shall comply the method
established in ASTM E384.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 8
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

TABLA 7. HARDNESS VALUES

Maximum HRC Average


Grade Maximum HRC Reading
Value

13% Cr – 75 Ksi 22 24

13% Cr – 80 Ksi 23 25

13% Cr – 85 Ksi 23 25

13% Cr – 90 Ksi 26 28

13% Cr – 95 Ksi 26 28

Modified 13% Cr – 95 Ksi 26 28

5.2.5 (6.2.13) Corrosion requirements


These tests shall be agreed between the purchaser and manufacturer, including
the testing conditions and acceptance criteria.
For modified 13% Cr, tests shall comply with point A.1 of Supplementary
Requirements.

6 (7) DIMENSIONS, WEIGHTS, LENGTHS, DEFECTS, AND


END FINISHES
6.1 (7.1) Dimensions and Weights
In addition to the requirements of API Specification 5CT, gauges and measuring
devices which fail verification check shall require all material processed since the
last successful verification to be rejected or reinspected.

6.2 (7.10) Tolerance on dimensions and weights


6.2.1 (7.10.1) Outside diameter, D
The outside diameter shall be between the specified diameter (minimum), and the
specified diameter plus 0.031” (maximum) for pipe sizes smaller than 4.5”. In
addition, the ends of the pipes shall be sufficiently round, concentric and straight
to facilitate machining the designated proprietary connector without a cut back.
6.2.2 (7.10.2) Wall thickness
The tolerance for wall thickness shall be – 10 percent.
6.2.3 6.2.3 (7.13.6) Threading
Couplings shall be made up using the specified procedure of the thread
manufacturer, as reviewed, amended and approved by PDVSA. Graphical
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 9
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

readouts of Torque vs. Turns shall be maintained and provided to PDVSA if


requested.
All items shall be fitted with closed–end liftable thread protectors approved by
PDVSA.
The connection shall be internal flush. It shall have an anti–galling treatment. The
manufacturer shall indicate the method used, also the chemical composition of
the thread coating, and minimum, optimum and maximum torque levels. Thread
designs used shall be supported by the test certificates according to API RP 37.

7 (9) INSPECTION AND TESTING


7.1 (9.3) Testing of Mechanical Properties
7.1.1 (9.3.2) Frequency of testing
– (9.3.2.1) Tensile testing frequency.
Room temperature tensile and impact tests shall be conducted on pipe, and
coupling stock material, as required in API 5CT. In addition to the requirements
of API 5CT Specification, the testing frequency shall be such that every heat is
tested.

7.2 (9.4) Hydrostatic Testing


Hydrostatic pressure tests, with couplings made up power tight, or with couplings
made up hand tight, shall be carried out according to API 5CT latest edition, or to
manufacturer Specifications for non–API connections. After tested each pipe
shall be dried efficiently in order to avoid the start of surface corrosion. Test
pressure shall be held for a minimum of 10 seconds. Pressure recording charts
showing joint number, test pressure, and hold time shall be maintained for
inspection.
The pressure recorder used to record test pressure shall have a full–scale
capacity of not more than 200% of the hydrotest pressure. Satisfactory evidence
of having been calibrated within the previous 3 months shall be provided.

7.3 (9.7) Nondestructive Inspection


Each length of pipe, coupling stock, pup joint and connector material shall be
inspected in conformance with API 5CT, paragraph 9.5 through 9.7, and appendix
B, SR2, with the exceptions noted herein.
The nondestructive methods listed in Table 6 are required for PDVSA’s materials.
Nondestructive examination on plain end material shall be conducted after all heat
treating, hot straightening and stress relieving operations. Nondestructive
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 10
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

examination on threaded material shall be performed after all threading


operations are complete.

7.3.1 (9.7.3.1) Pipe Body


Full body ultrasonic examination shall be performed in accordance with the
manufacturer standard written procedure, as reviewed, amended and approved
by PDVSA. As a minimum, the requirements of ASTM E213 with the following
additions, shall apply.
S Calibration (reference) Standards: The calibration (reference) standards shall
be prepared from suitable lengths capable of dynamic calibration, as indicated
in APT 5CT SR11.4.4. The calibration standards shall be made of the same
material, nominal diameter, wall thickness, surface finish and heat treatment
as the production pipe.
S Artificial reference indicators (Notches): Required artificial reference indicators
(Notches) are shown in Table 7. Notches shall comply with the requirements
of API 5CT, Table 56 in all respects other than those stated in this Specification.
S Reduced wall thickness area: Each calibration (reference) standard shall also
have an area of reduced wall thickness not larger than 1/2 inch by 1 inch. The
short dimension of the reduced wall thickness area shall be longitudinally
oriented relative to the pipe. The reduced wall thickness area will have the
remaining wall thickness given in Table 7 for each reference standard.
S Dynamic calibration:
Frequency: Dynamic calibration shall be performed on the full body ultrasonic unit
at the beginning and end of each production run, or if the vendor chooses, at a
shorter interval. If any calibration check fails, all material inspected since the last
successful calibration check must be reinspected.
Procedure: The reference standard shall be scanned at the normal inspection
speed and helix a total of four times, each one with the standard entering the scan
unit at 12, 3, 6 and 9 o’clock positions. The signal from any reference notch shall
not be less than 90 % of the reference level for that notch on any dynamic
calibration run. The signal from the reduced wall area shall indicate not more than
1 % wall thickness above the thickness of the reduced wall area.
Scanning sensitivity level: Production scanning shall be performed at a gain
setting of 6 dB above the reference level gain setting, as indicated in ANSI
Standard D 1.1–94. Any indication that produces a signal that equals or exceeds
the signal from any reference notch shall be evaluated (proven up).
Scanning: Other than the increased gain setting noted above, scanning shall be
carried–out at the same speed and helical advance, and with the same couplant,
as was used for the dynamic calibration.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 11
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

Coverage: 100 % of the volume of the component being inspected shall be


scanned for all wall thickness and imperfections, except for volumes not to exceed
16 inches in length from either end of the tube.
TABLA 8. REQUIRED INSPECTION METHODS

Connect
Coupling Pup Pin Finished
Method Pipe or
Stock joints Threads Coupling
Material
Visual Insp. R R R R R R
Full Body UT R R R2 R2 – –
UT end area – – – – –
Wet MPI – – – – R R
Hardness R1 R1 R1 R1 – –
Full length drift R3 – R3 R3 R3 R3
Thread gauge – – – – R R

R: Required inspection method for all pieces of each description.


R1: Required elsewhere in this Specification.
R2: Individual pieces that are too short to be scanned by full body
ultrasonic unit may be hand scanned full length using the
procedure for UT end area, except that coverage will be full
length.
R3: Drift after finish threading and coupling buck–on.
TABLA 9. CALIBRATION (REFERENCE) STANDARDS

Notch Depth Remaining Wall Thickness


Notches required
(% NWT) (% NWT)
Longitudinal OD & ID 5.25 90
Transverse OD & ID 5.25 90

NWT: Nominal wall thickness


OD: Outer diameter
ID: Internal diameter
7.3.2 (9.7.3.2) End Areas
Wet magnetic particle examination shall be performed on finished pins and
couplings in accordance with the manufacturer standard written procedure, as
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 12
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

reviewed, amended and approved by PDVSA. As a minimum, the requirements


of ASTM E709, with the following additions shall apply: (a) the entire external and
internal threaded surfaces shall be inspected, (b) the magnetic particle inspection
shall be conducted twice on each end, first with a circular field, then with a
longitudinal field. Magnetic field strength and direction shall be confirmed after
each magnetizing operation using a magnetic field indicator such as a
Burmah–Castrol strip or pie gauge.
7.3.3 (9.7.10) Certification and Qualification of Personnel
All inspection shall be performed by personnel meeting at least the minimum
requirements for level II certification as outlined in API 5 CT, paragraph 9.7.10.
All inspection procedures shall be performed in accordance with written
documents. The primary inspection procedure control document shall be
manufacturer standard \written practice for each inspection method, as reviewed,
amended and approved by PDVSA. Other reference documents cited in the
manufacturer standard written practice and below shall also apply.
7.3.4 (9.7.11) Evaluation of Indications (Prove–up)
Prove–up, disposition cutoff, grinding and machining on pipe being inspected
shall comply with requirements of API 5CT, paragraph 9.7.11 except as noted
below.
a. Prove up evaluation of indications shall be performed by at least level II
inspectors.
b. All indications accessible for mechanical prove–up shall be proved–up
mechanically in accordance with API 5CT, paragraph 9.7.11a.
c. All indications not accessible for mechanical prove–up shall be proved–up
ultrasonically. Instrument gain setting shall be that used for calibration. Any
imperfection that causes an ultrasonic indication equal to or larger than the
response from the appropriate calibration notch, after applying distance
amplitude correction (DAC), shall be rejected. Destructive evaluation of the
material shall not be performed to establish whether or not a length meets
the requirements of this specification.
d. An imperfection that is identified as a loss of back reflection signal during the
normal beam wall thickness portion of ultrasonic testing, but is acceptable
under the preceding paragraph shall be proved–up with a normal beam
transducer having a diameter not greater than I/2”. If the indication results
in a loss of 50% or more of the back reflection, the part shall be rejected.

7.4 (9.11) Collapse and burst tests


For new developments and first purchase and according to what is indicated in
the Purchase Order, collapse and burst tests shall be accomplished. Two samples
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 13
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

by lot shall be taken and tested according to what is established in the bulletin API
Bul 5C3. The length of the samples will have to be equal or greater to 8 times the
external diameter of the pipe.
The results of these tests shall be 20% above the theoretical minimal collapse and
burst resistances of the product, according to the calculations indicated in the
same bulletin.

8 (10) MARKING
In addition to the stenciling mentioned above, the traceability of all pipe, couplings’
pup joint and connector material shall be maintained with paint markings to
identify the material heat, item number, Purchase Order number, and pipe unique
number.

9 (11) COATING AND PROTECTION


9.1 (11.2) Thread Protectors
9.1.1 (11.2.1) general
In addition to the provision of API Specification 5CT, closed–end, non–liftable,
non–metallic thread protectors shall be used, and all exposed threads shall be
coated with a non–grease (non–oil), water washable, non–toxic rust inhibiting
storage compound, or as directed on the Purchase Order.

10 SHIPPING
10.1 Release for Shipment
Pipe may not be shipped until the certificate of compliance and the mill test report
have been received and reviewed by PDVSA. Review of the mill test report will
normally take a period of five working days. This review, at the option of PDVSA,
may be conducted on preliminary mill test reports. The mill certification shall be
written in the English language, using English units and shall include the results
from all the tests performed.
The manufacturer (or processor) may ship the product prior to certification at his
sole risk.

10.2 Items for Shipment


Pipe shall not be shipped unless accompanied by sufficient couplings and/or
coupling stock for the pipe amount shipped, unless otherwise directed on the
Purchase Order.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 14
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

11 MANUFACTURER CLASSIFICATION
New manufacturer shall submit to PDVSA, prior to order placement, the statistical
production reports (histograms)’ of the following items:
S Mechanical properties: Sy, Su, elongation
S Hardness variations through the thickness
S Fracture toughness
S Chemical composition
S Corrosion requirements
In addition, the manufacturer shall submit a plan for quality control assessment
to be approved by PDVSA prior to order placement.

12 PACKAGING
Pipe shall be bundled or rack packed. Thread protectors shall not contact other
thread protectors or pipe.
All loose couplings and all coupling blanks shall be boxed. Boxes are to be
manufactured from wood and designed to be easily handled by fork lift. Boxes
shall be limited to 4’ in width to facilitate truck transport. Other packing methods
may be used as long as they are approved by PDVSA.
All loading and unloading is to be accomplished in such a manner as to prevent
damage to the pipe. Hooks shall not be used for lifting. Forklift trucks with padded
arms or Nylont slings and spreader bar shall be used. When using truck
transport, sills shall be wood and restraints shall be padded. All wood used for
packaging shall not be treated with chlorine containing compounds.
Pipe and couplings shall not be shipped as deck cargo.

13 HANDLING DAMAGE
Dings or other visible marks of handling damage of the pipe, coupling stock, or
couplings are cause for rejection of the damaged product.

14 NEW DEVELOPMENT SAMPLE


For each type of product that will be supplied for the first time to PDVSA, the
manufacturer must provide PDVSA with a pipe length from the hardest heat
processed, including the results of its own evaluation.

15 CONNECTIONS
A new manufacturer or new connection development shall be standardized and
approved by PDVSA, previously to the purchase order. For this approval is
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 15
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

necessary the manufacturer provide detailed drawings of the connection (pin and
box) and finite element analysis simulation.

16 (13) DOCUMENTS
16.1 (13.1) Certification
The manufacturer/vendor shall furnish a declaration of conformity, i.e. certificate
of compliance stating that the material has been manufactured, sampled, tested,
and inspected in accordance with this specification and has been found to meet
the specified requirements, as per ISO Guide 22–1982. API Specification 5 CT,
Appendix B SR15 shall also apply to this specification.
Also, the manufacturer/vendor shall submit a quality control certificate with the
values of the following test results for the pipe and the couplings.
S Inclusions level
S Chemical analysis for each heat
S Product Chemical analyses for each heat
S Tensile tests including elongation
S Toughness test
S Hardness test
S General and localized corrosion test results
S Stress corrosion cracking test results
The mill certification shall be written in the English language, using English units
and shall include the results from all the tests performed.
In addition to the requirements of API 5CT, Appendix B, Section SR15, which is
part of this requirement, the manufacturer shall also provide a complete report of
the results of the production corrosion tests with numerical values for each
individual test. Chart and mill records shall be available during plant inspection;
the manufacturer shall submit copies of this data if required. The manufacturer
shall provide a positive evidence of the Quality Assurance System complying with
a recognizable standard that shall be approved by PDVSA.

17 SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS
A Modified 13% Cr tubulars

A.1 Corrosion Requirements


General, localized and Stress Corrosion Cracking test shall be performed as
production tests.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 16
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

A.1.1 General and Localized Corrosion


Pipes furnished to this Specification shall comply with the corrosion requirements
indicated in Table 8. Test procedure shall be submitted to PDVSA for approval.

TABLA 10. REQUIRED PERFORMANCE FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF CORROSION

Method Condition
1 mpy or less during an exposure time of
General (weight loss)
336 hours under conditions of Table 1
no defects or pits greater than 0.05 mm,
Pitting and crevice under a magnification of 100 X, for an
corrosion exposure time of 336 hours under the
conditions of Table 1

A.1.2 Stress Corrosion Cracking


The resistance to sulfide stress corrosion cracking shall be determined by two
methods: constant load and double cantilever beam (DCB).
A.1.3 Constant Load Tests
The guidelines contained in the latest edition of NACE Standard TM–0177 shall
be used to determine the SSCC resistance. The test shall be carried out in four
(4) specimens obtained from the hardest pipe found in a test lot as defined in this
section. These specimens shall comform to the requirements of Method A as
appears in NACE Standard TM–0177.
The tests shall be performed under the conditions of Table 9 at 90 % of specified
minimum yield strength (SMYS). The following acceptance and retest criteria
shall be applied:
S In case of 3 or 4 specimens do not fail, the lot shall be accepted. Otherwise the
tests shall be repeated, using the same pipe as the previous tests.
S If two (2) or more specimens fail in the repeated test, then this entire heat shall
be rejected.
Test lot:
a. first time supplier: 50 pipes per heat
b. non–first time supplier: 200 pipes per heat
A.1.3.1 DCB tests
The DCB tests shall be performed on the hardest pipe in a lot as defined in the
previous section. Four specimens will be machined from this sample to conform
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 17
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

to the requirements of NACE method D as appears in NACE Standard TM0177.


Sub–size specimens may be used when the pipe wall precludes the use of
full–size samples.
The tests will be performed under the conditions given in Table 9. A suggested
procedure to obtain the arm displacement is indicated in Annex, it is the
manufacturer’s decision to use this procedure or any other. The testing time shall
be 720 hours.

TABLA 11. DCB TEST CONDITIONS

Agent Level
CO2 partial pressure 800 psi
H2S partial pressure 0.25 psi
Chloride ions 30,000 ppm
Temperature 77 oF (25 oC)

The value of KISSCC for each specimen shall be equal or exceed 45 Ksipin.
Retesting must be performed in the case that 2 or more specimens fail to meet
the KISSCC criteria, using the same pipe as the previous tests. Results of every
DCB tests must appear in the production corrosion tests report.
The SCC report must include the results of the yield strength and hardness values
of samples taken from the same section of pipe where the SCC samples were
taken. In addition, the report must include the main test parameters, pH,
temperature, threshold stress, time to failure and all data related to DCB tests.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/02

PDVSA
REVISION FECHA
SPECIFICATION FOR TUBING MADE
FROM MARTENSITIC STAINLESS STEELS 1 OCT.98
TO BE USED IN SWEET ENVIRONMENTS Página 18
.Menú Principal Indice manual Indice volumen Indice norma

ANNEX
SUGGESTED PROCEDURE TO OBTAIN THE ARM DISPLACEMENT
Step 1. Obtain the Load–Displacement curve for a DCB specimen, at
room temperature and atmospheric pressure, in tile absence of
aggressive gases.
Step 2. Find the central point of the elastic region.
Step 3 Use an arm displacement equal to, or near, the central point
found in step 2 (See shaded region in Fig. 1). The arm
displacement shall not be close to the beginning of the plastic
region.

ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Load
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Beginning of
the plastic

ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
region

ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Displacement
Fig 1. LOAD–DISPLACEMENT CURVE. THE SHADED REGION INDICATE THE RANGE
OF ARM DISPLACEMENTS.