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PDVSA

MATERIALS TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION


VOLUME 3

MATERIALS SPECIFICATION

PDVSA N° TITLE
EM–18–00/05 REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING

“This document is a translation from the original Spanish text published by


the Corporate Technical Standardization Project of PDVSA, Intevep. In the
event of dispute, the original Spanish version will be valid”.

6 OCT.08 GENERAL REVIEW 25 C.S. M.T. L.T.

5 ENE.08 GENERAL REVIEW 23 M.T. L.T. L.C.

0 OCT.89 APPROVED 202 A.G. R.C. R.R.

REV. DATE DESCRIPTION PAG. REV. APPR. APPR.

APPR. Mariana Toro DATE OCT.08 APPR. Luis Tovar DATE OCT.08

 PDVSA, 2005 ESPECIALIST


MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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“The information contained in this document is the property of Petróleos de


Venezuela, S.A. Its use and total or partial reproduction are prohibited, as well
as its saving in a system or transmission by any means (electronic, mechanic,
graphic, recorded, registered or in any other form) without the written
authorization of its owner. All rights reserved. The owner reserves the right to
make use of civil and criminal actions available against the persons or entities
that have violated this provision.”
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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Index
1 OBJETIVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.1 American Petroleum Institute (API) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.2 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.3 International Standards Organization (ISO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.4 Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4 DEFINITIONS, SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATED TERMS . . . . . . . . 5
4.3 Clarifying Technical Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.4 Coil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.5 Green Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.6 Pre–Manufacturing Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
4.7 Product Release Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.8 Processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.9 Special grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4.10 Strip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
5 GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
6 (5)INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE PURCHASER . . . . 7
7 (7)MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8 (8) DIMENSIONS, MASSES, TOLERANCES, PIPE ENDS AND
DEFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8.1 (8.2) Dimensions and Masses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8.2 (8.12) Pipe Ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
8.3 Premium Threads Make Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
8.4 (8.13) Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
9 (10) INSPECTION AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
9.1 (10.1) Test Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
9.2 (10.4) Tensile Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
9.3 (10.13) Dimensional Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
9.4 (10.15) Non–Destructive Examination (NDE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
9.5 Re–Testing for Destructive Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
10 (12) COATING AND PROTECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
10.1 (12.2) Thread Protectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
11 (13) DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
11.1 (13.2) Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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11.2 Documents Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


12 OFFERED PRODUCTS CLASSIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
13 PRODUCT PREQUALIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
14 LOSS LEVELS FOR PROCESSORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
15 (10) INSPECTION AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
15.1 (10.15) Non–Destructive Examination (NDE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
16 (11) MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
17 (6) MANUFACTURING PROCESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.1 (6.1) General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
17.2 (6.2) Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
17.3 (6.3) Straightening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
18 (7) MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
18.1 (7.1) Chemical Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
18.2 (7.2) Tensile Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
18.3 (7.3) Charpy “V–notch” Test – General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
18.4 (7.13) Flattening – Electric Welded Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
18.5 Weld Hardness Control (Green Pipes) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
18.6 Hardness Control on the Final Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
18.7 Microstructural Aspects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
19 (8) DIMENSIONS, MASSES, TOLERANCES, PIPE ENDS AND
DEFECTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
19.1 (8.13) Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
20 (9) COUPLINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
20.1 (9.18) Couplings and Coupling Blank Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
21 (10) INSPECTIONS AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
21.1 (10.3) Testing of Chemical Composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
21.2 (10.5) Flattening Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
21.3 (10.6) Hardness Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
21.4 (10.12) Hydrostatic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
21.5 (10.13) Dimensional Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
21.6 (10.15) Non–Destructive Examination (NDE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
21.7 Collapse and Burst Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
21.8 Residual Stresses Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
22 (11) MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
23 BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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1 OBJETIVE
Establishing the minimum requirements that shall comply oil country tubular
goods (OCTG), of general use, thata are acquired by PDVSA.

2 SCOPE
This specification contains the additional requirements to the base international
specification for oil country tubular goods (API 5CT / ISO11960:2004
“Specification for Casing and Tubing” Eighth Edition, July 1, 2005); consequently,
it shall be applied together with the latter one.
This specification is not applied to tubular products previously purchased or
acquired before the publication date of this revision update.
NOTE: The numbers of the paragraphs of this specification are followed in some
cases by the numbers, in parenthesis, corresponding to the specification API 5CT
/ ISO 11960:2004 paragraphs numbers, when there are modifications to what is
stated on the base specification.

3 REFERENCES
3.1 American Petroleum Institute (API)
5 CT, Specification for Casing and Tubing.
BUL 5C3, Bulletin on Formulas and Calculations for Casing, Tubing, Drill
Pipe and Line Pipe Properties.
Q1 Specification for Quality Program for the Petroleum,
Petrochemical and Natural Gas.
5C5 Recomended Practice for Testing Casing and Tubing
Connections.
3.2 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
B117, Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus.
D1264, Standard Test Method for Determining the Water Washout
Characteristics of Lubricating Greases.
D1403, Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating
Grease Using One–Quarter and One–Half Scale Cone
Equipment.
E45, Standard Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of
Steel.
E112, Standard Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size.
3.3 International Standards Organization (ISO)
13679, Petroleum and natural gas industries – Procedures for testing
casing and tubing connections.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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9001:2000 Quality Management Systems. Requirements.

3.4 Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA)


EM–18–00/01, Supplementary Specification to API Specification 5CT for Sour
Service.
EM–18–00/02, Specification for Tubing Made from Martensitic Stainless Steels
To Be Used in Sweet Environments.
EM–18–00/03 Supplementary Specification to API Specification 5L.
EM–18–00/06, Supplementary Specification to API Specification 5CT for High
Collapse Casing.
EM–18–00/07, Supplementary Specification for Seamless Steel Tubulars
Special Grade for High Strength.
EM–18–00/09, Requirements for Proprietary Casing and Tubing Connections.

4 DEFINITIONS, SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATED TERMS


4.1 (4) Refer to base specification API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004.

4.2 (4.1.28) The definition of pipe shall include the mechanical bar and the coupling
stock for couplings.

4.3 Clarifying Technical Meeting


This meeting takes place each time PDVSA considers to initiate a bid process in
order to acquire a specific tubular product. In this meeting are discussed doubts
dealing with manufacturing details belonging to a particular order.

4.4 Coil
It is the original raw material used for RW pipe manufacturing.

4.5 Green Pipe


It refers to the base pipe which does not have all the characteristics required by
PDVSA as a final product. Mainly, this refers to a pipe which does not have a heat
treatment that defines pipe grade.

4.6 Pre–Manufacturing Meeting


This occurs when PDVSA’s purchase order is already issued, before product’s
manufacturing process starts. It is intended to agree all details, including
acceptance and rejection criteria, and to validate product’s quality plan and
additional requirements stated on purchase order.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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4.7 Product Release Meeting


This meeting is held at PDVSA’s supplier facilities once the complete
manufacturing process is concluded as well as all documentation. PDVSA’s
personnel in this meeting, after verifying the compliance to what is stated in
purchase order, conforms the dispatch note issued by the supplier, in order to
authorize the product’s shipment to PDVSA’s facilities.

4.8 Processors
It refers to the companies that process the raw material property of PDVSA.

4.9 Special grade


As indicated in the scope of this specification, it is a proprietary product with
peculiar characteristics not considered by the base specification.

4.10 Strip
It is a pice of sheet, obtained from a coil with the exact pipe dimensions. From a
coil it is possible to obtain one or mor strips.

5 GENERAL
5.1 All PDVSA suppliers shall have implemented a Quality Control System based on
the ISO Standard 9001:2000 “Quality Management Control Systems –
Requirements”.

5.2 The Product Specification Level (PSL) for every specific application shall be
defined by a Multidisciplinary Group constituted by staffs of various organizations
(including at least Drilling, Production, Materials Engineering and Procurement).
The PSL number indicates the product’s requirement level – thus, PSL1 has the
minimum requirements, while PSL2 has additional requirements with respect to
PSL1 and PSL3 contains even more requirements than PSL2.

5.3 PDVSA establishes for different tubular grades application, three (3) service. This
classification corresponds to Class 1, 2 and 3. The application of these classes
is defined by the Drilling Organization for each particular case (well design).

5.4 For casing strings over 14 inches diameter, pipes may comply with specification
PDVSA EM–18–00/03, only if they do not contain welded zones in the pipe body,
welding repairs and shall not be cold expanded.

5.5 The Characteristics of the proprietary grades shall be determined by the methods
specified in the API BUL 5C3 “Bulletin on Formulas and Calculations for Casing,
Tubing, Drill Pipe and Line Pipe Properties.”
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 SEP.08


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5.6 As far as the application terms are concerned, products manufactured under
Revision No. 4 of this specification shall not be admitted until PDVSA has
inspected and accepted the Quality Certificate.

5.7 Tubular grades distribution according to the PDVSA Class is shown in Table 1.

TABLE 1. GRADES DISTRIBUTION ACCORDING TO PDVSA CLASS


Class Applicable Grades
1 Group 1 (J55, K55 seamless)
B, X42, X56, X65 for pipes (API 5L) seamless or non–expanded welded in
accordance with PDVSA EM–18–00/03
2 Group 3 (P110 seamless or electric welded)
Group 1 (N80Q seamless or electric welded)
Group 1 (J55, K55 electric welded)
3 Group 2 (L80, C90, T95) and special grades (90SS, 95SS, C100SS, C110SS)
in accordance with PDVSA EM–18–00/01.
13% Cr y 13% Cr Modified in accordance with PDVSA EM–18–00/02
Group 4 (Q125) and special grades (V140, V150) in accordance with PDVSA
EM–18–00/07
Casing Special Grades for high collapse conditions (HC95, HC110) in
accordance with PDVSA EM–18–00/06
NOTE 1: Unless otherwise specified, the materials included in this specification
shall be governed by the PSL1 Product Specification Level that corresponds to
the applicable basic specification.
NOTE 2: The H40, N80 (type 1) and M65 grades are not used in PDVSA’s
operations; and so, they are not considered in this specification.

6 (5)INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE PURCHASER


6.1 The additional requirements that apply to Class 1 are found in Section A, those
for Class 2 are found in Section B, and those for Class 3 are in Section C of this
specification.

6.2 The additional requirements applicable to all classes that must be complied with
are listed below:

 API 5CT/ISO11960:2004, Annex A – “Supplementary requirements” (Section


A.9 SR15 “Test certificates”).
 API 5CT/ISO11960:2004, Annex F – “Marking instructions for API licensees”.

6.3 In accordance with this specification, the purchaser shall indicate the Class (1, 2
or 3) in its purchasing.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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6.3.1 The supplier shall require from the purchaser the technical documents (PDVSA’s
Technical Standards) for the requested product, associated to this specification,
in order to elaborate its technical offer. Likewise, the purchaser shall be sure to
supply all technical documents (PDVSA’s technical standards) related to the
requested product to the supplier.

6.4 A quality plan for each purchase order shall be agreed upon by the manufacturer
and PDVSA (Contracting Unit and BARIVEN’s Technical Department).

7 (7)MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
7.1 In accordance with the requirements stated in the last edition of the API Q1
specification, the manufacturer (or processor) of the products shall be able to
provide objective evidence that allow PDVSA to know the statistical behavior of
mechanical properties (yield strength, tensile strength, elongation and impact
toughness), product variables (wall thickness, ovality) and inspection results
(non–destructive examinations), with an Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) equal to
2.5% under Type II inspection level and simple sampling for normal inspection in
accordance with Venezuelan standard COVENIN 3133–1:1997 or ISO 2859
standard.

8 (8) DIMENSIONS, MASSES, TOLERANCES, PIPE ENDS


AND DEFECTS
8.1 (8.2) Dimensions and Masses
Apart from the requirements established in the basic specification API 5CT / ISO
11960:2004, the entire product lot that has been inspected with instruments or
patterns demonstrated to be out of calibration shall be re–inspected.

8.2 (8.12) Pipe Ends


8.2.1 (8.12.6) Threading
The supplier shall demonstrate that all product aspects comply with design
specifications for an AQL equivalent to 4% and statistical confidence of 90%. The
proprietary connections shall comply with the stipulations of specification ISO
13679 “Petroleum and natural gas industries – Procedures for testing casing and
tubing connections First Edition/ Co–branded with API RP 5C5” and of
EM–18–00/09 “Requirements for Proprietary Casing and Tubing Connections”.

8.2.2 PDVSA requires all thread elements inspection on 100% of threaded ends.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM-- 18-- 00/05
REVISION DATE
PDVSA 6 OCT.08
REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING
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8.2.3 Protection of exposed threads


All exposed threads shall be covered by an easily removable thread storage
compound which is washable (with water and soap), oxidation inhibitor, and is
neither toxic nor oil--based; or the compound indicated in the purchase order. This
compound shall be long term stable (minimum 24 months). Table 2 shows the
minimum requirements for this type kind of product.
TABLE 2. REQUIREMENTS FOR STORAGE COMPOUNDS
Specification Minimum Requirement
IP–220, Determination of Rust Prevention Scale 0
Characteristics of Lubricating Greases
ASTM D1264, Water Resistance 25% p
ASTM D1403, Penetration of 1/4 of scale 440 (1/10 mm)
00 (NGLI grade)
ASTM B117, Resistance to Saline Fog 500 hours continuously
8.3 (8.13) Defects
8.3.1 (8.13.1) Pipes and accessories
Dragging or detaching of material from the pipe’s or band’s surface by hot
lamination rollers shall be considered a defect. Outer or inner surface marks
caused by rollers are not acceptable.
Cracks on final product are not allowed. When crack presence is detected, the
manufacturer shall notify about the detection and the corrective actions.
8.3.2 No more than three (3) repairs for each pipe shall be accepted.

8.4 Premium Threads Make Up


8.4.1 In case of Premium threads, couplings make--up shall be performed according to
the thread’s manufacturer specified procedure, previously reviewed and
approved by PDVSA. The torque logs shall be maintained and submitted to
PDVSA.

9 (10) INSPECTION AND TESTING


9.1 (10.1) Test Equipment
Additionally to what is stated on the base specification API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004,
if the equipment does not comply with the calibration or verification, all products
(or lots, depending on the case) inspected or tested since the last successful
calibration shall be inspected or tested again otherwise they shall be rejected.

9.2 (10.4) Tensile Tests


9.2.1 (10.4.2) Heat-- control tensile tests
The heat--control tensile test shall not be considered as product test.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM-- 18-- 00/05
REVISION DATE
PDVSA 6 OCT.08
REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING
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9.2.2 (10.4.4) Frequency of testing and location of test specimen – Coupling


stock, couplings, pup joints and accesories
The heat--control tensile test shall not be considered as product test.
9.2.3 The number of test specimens for verifying pipe’s yield strength and tensile
strength shall be at least three (3). These test specimens shall be taken from one
of the pipe ends. If needed, the purchaser can request test specimens from other
pipe sections.
For accessories, pup joints and couplings, the number of speciments for tensite
tests shall be three(3) per component.

9.3 (10.13) Dimensional Testing


9.3.1 (10.13.2) Diameter measurement
The measurements can be made with micrometers, snap gauges, calipers,
go/no--go gauges, and tapes for measuring diameters (“pi tapes” or “wrap tapes”).
If the maximum external diameter is disputed, micrometers, calipers or a
combination of snap gauges and calipers shall be used.
9.3.2 (10.13.4) Wall thickness
Wall thickness measurement to full pipe length is required with 100% coverage
using the automatic system. The manufacturer shall keep logs that allow pipe
tracking. Likewise, these logs shall be available to PDVSA, for at least five (5)
years, if requested.

9.4 (10.15) Non- Destructive Examination (NDE)


9.4.1 (10.15.1) General
Non--destructive inspection is carried out to verify the existence of longitudinal
and transversal imperfections. Regardless of the class, all grades require the
inspections of the pipe’s body with 100% coverage by one or more of the following
inspection methods: ultrasonic testing or flux leakage testing. Acceptable
methods for pipe ends inspection shall be wet magnetic particles inspection
and/or ultrasonic testing.
With electric resistance welded pipes, any visible defect such as burn fingerprints
and stripes, among others, shall be explored by the manufacturer and removed
carefully to determine the extent of the defect, whose analysis will provide the
basis for deciding its acceptance or rejection, depending on its size. If similar
defects to those above mentioned occur frequently, the manufacturer shall
determine their cause and eliminate it.
Every green pipe shall be subject to the same non--destructive examination
controls also performed on the final product. The final product non--destructive
examination shall be performed after hot straightening and/or heat treatment
operations.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

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9.4.2 (10.15.11) Coupling stock pup joints, accessories and mechanical bar for
couplings
The inspection requirements include the detection of longitudinal and transversal
imperfections in the external and internal surfaces with an acceptance level of L2.
When component is manufactured from a mechanical bar that complies with this
specification, the inspection of the part shall be carried out after any machining
operation but before threading.
If the pup joints are manufactured from a green pipe or API pipe that complies with
this specification, the inspection shall take place after the forging and final heat
treatment operations, but before threading.
9.4.3 (10.15.13) Pipes upsets
The Section 10.15.13 requirements of the basic specification API 5CT / ISO
11960:2004 shall be strictly complied with for the upsets of all grades considered
on this specification.
9.4.4 (10.15.15) Evaluation of indications
It is not allowed inspection equipment adjustment to lower sensibility levels.

9.5 Re–Testing for Destructive Tests


9.5.1 If the results of the tensile test, Charpy impact test and hardness test fail, the test
shall be repeated by sampling three (3) additional pipes from the same lot. If all
the tensile re–tests conform to the requirements, the lot shall be accepted, with
the exception of the failed length. If one or more of the re–test specimens fails,
the manufacturer shall test each of the remaining lengths in the lot. Rejected lots
may be re–heat–treated and tested as new lots, according to an agreement
between the manufacturer and PDVSA.
9.5.2 Charpy impact re–tests shall be carried out according to base specification API
5CT / ISO 11960:2004 section 10.7.9. For hardness testing the re–test procedure
shall be agreed between the manufacturer and PDVSA.
9.5.3 If the metalographic and inclusion tests are rejected, the pipe from which the
sample was taken shall be rejected. Likewise, all pipes of the lot and/or all pipes
obtained from the same coil or band shall be evaluated. All pipes that are out of
specification shall be rejected.
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PDVSA
REVISION DATE

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10 (12) COATING AND PROTECTION


10.1 (12.2) Thread Protectors
10.1.1 (12.2.1) General
Thread protectors shall comply with Annex I requirements of the base
specification API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004. Additionally, the thread protectors of pin
end shall protrude respect to pipe body surface or pipe end for ensuring
connection’s integrity (see Figure 1).
Fig 1. THREAD PROTECTORS

Thread protector height

Protector

Threaded connection

11 (13) DOCUMENTS
11.1 (13.2) Certification
11.1.1 The manufacturer shall submit a certificate of compliance indicating that the
material has been manufactured, sampled, tested and inspected in accordance
with this specification and that it complies with the requirements stipulated therein.
11.1.2 The quality certificates shall include, as a minimum, the aspects considered in API
5CT / ISO 11960:2004 A.9 SR15, A.9.1 SR15.1 parts A, C, D, H, J, I.
11.1.3 Regarding the couplings and mechanical bars for couplings, additionally to the
stipulations of API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004 A.9.1 SR15.1 part D, the reports shall
include the stress – deformation graphs (curves) that correspond to the coupling
lots).
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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11.2 Documents Control


11.2.1 Domestic purchases
The manufacturer shall submit two (2) sets of quality certificates. One (1) set of
original quality certificates shall be enclosed to the tubular product waybills and
will be kept by the warehouse. When the order has been finalized, the
manufacturer shall submit the other set of quality certificates and “Data Books” to
the purchaser of tubular products and this set will be enclosed to the purchasing
file. The “Data Books” shall include the quality plans, raw material certificates,
results of raw material verification laboratory tests, process control sheets, final
release formats, results of final product laboratory tests, quality certificates for the
pipes and packing lists The “Data Books” shall be issued at the end of the
manufacturing process and per Purchase / Manufacturing Order or according to
the position of the order if they correspond to different projects.
11.2.2 International purchases
The manufacturer shall send to PDVSA Services Inc (“PSI”) / PDVSA Services
B.V (“PSBV”) two (2) sets of original copies of the quality certificates, which shall
in turn be internally sent to the pipe purchaser in Venezuela. One (1) set of copies
shall be enclosed to the purchasing file and the other one is intended for the
warehouse unit. The quality certificates shall not be sent together with the
shipping documentation. Upon finalization of the order, the manufacturer shall
submit to PSI / PSBV the “Data Books”, which shall be internally sent to the pipe
purchaser in Venezuela so they can be annexed to the purchasing file. The “Data
Books” shall include the quality plans, raw material certificates, results of raw
material verification laboratory tests, process control sheets, final release
formats, results of final product laboratory, quality certificates for the pipes and
packing lists . The “Data Books” shall be issued at the end of the manufacturing
process and per Purchase / Manufacturing Order or according to the position of
the order if they correspond to different projects.

12 OFFERED PRODUCTS CLASSIFICATION


12.1 Before any purchase order, every new manufacturer shall submit to PDVSA, as
a minimum, production statistical reports that refer to:
– Chemical analysis.
– Mechanical properties (yield strength, tensile strength and elongation).
12.2 For a new product to be used for the first time by PDVSA, the manufacturer shall
comply with the requirements of the item 10.1.

12.3 When products cannot be acquired directly from the manufacturers and if PDVSA
decides to acquire them through a trading (non–manufacturing) company, the
latter shall comply with the requirements listed in the item 10.1.
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PDVSA
REVISION DATE

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13 PRODUCT PREQUALIFICATION
13.1 Procedure under which PDVSA agrees with the manufacturer the evaluation of
a product, for the purpose of knowing the capacity that the manufacturer has of
providing a product with the quality requirements demanded by PDVSA.

13.2 PDVSA has right to request a product prequalification when one of the following
conditions is rewarded:

1. New supplier.
2. Supplier, which in criteria of PDVSA, has kept the supply of a product
inactive.
3. Traditional supplier of PDVSA that furnishes for the first time a product.

13.3 In case that the supplier only commercializes with the product, PDVSA has right
to request a prequalification of the product as is indicated in 11.1.

14 LOSS LEVELS FOR PROCESSORS


14.1 With regard to processors, the maximum loss level of the lot supplied by PDVSA
shall be 3%.

14.2 The processor must take necessary precautions to prevent losses of finished
products due to tests.

14.3 The processor shall submit a detailed report about the causes that made the
processed pipes become scrap.
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PDVSA
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SECTION A –ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 1

15 (10) INSPECTION AND TESTING


15.1 (10.15) Non–Destructive Examination (NDE)
15.1.1 (10.15.3) Reference standars (calibration patterns)
For this class, the artificial reference notches or holes shall comply with level L4
(Tables C64/E64 of the basic specification API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004).

16 (11) MARKING
16.1 The products manufactured (pipes and couplings) for this class shall be marked
by stenciling and cold stamping method using dot matrices with rounded heads.
The maximum admissible depth of the stamp on the manufactured products shall
be 3% of the wall’s thickness.

16.2 The products manufactured for this class shall be marked with the API monogram
and the certification number 5CT of the manufacturing company. The minimum
stamped information must be the following: Type of PDVSA class (Class 1), heat,
manufacturer, grade and weight of the pipe.
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PDVSA
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SECTION B – ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 2

17 (6) MANUFACTURING PROCESS


17.1 (6.1) General
17.1.1 Grades N80Q and P110 of tubular products can be seamless or electric resistance
welded. In this class, are admitted electric resistance welded J55 and K55 grades.
These grades only shall be used for pipe strings in wells that do not contain H2S
and CO2.
Pup joints and connectors only shall be manufactured from tubing or casing, or
from thick–walled seamless pipes, or from mechanical pipes as long as they
comply with requirements for API grades. Couplings only shall be manufactured
from seamless pipes, as defined in API 5CT. Heat treatment per coupling lot is not
allowed.
17.1.2 The steel to be used in the manufacturing of welded pipes shall be fully killed. The
sulfide inclusions shape shall be controlled, so that they are not presented in
elongated shape.
17.1.3 The pipe shall not have a microstructure with evidence of segregation.
17.1.4 The coils (and/or strips) used for welded pipe manufacturing shall comply with the
dimensional requirements stated below:
 Width: The coil width shall be an odd multiple of the pipe perimeter to prevent
the coil cut in its centerline. The coil/strip edges shall be free of defects such
as cracks and ripples, for example.
 Thickness: The coil/strip thickness shall be verified in the longitudinal and
transverse directions. The results shall be subjected to statistical analysis.
17.1.5 Process control in the welded pipe manufacturing.
The pipe manufacturer shall keep records which allow the follow–up of the
welding process parameters: speed, voltage, power, current frequency and roller
pressure.
The heat treatment after the welding process can be performed integrally to the
pipe (all grades considered by Class 2) or localized (stress relief) on the weld (only
for grades J55 and K55). The manufacturer shall keep records which allow the
follow–up of the heat treatment parameters: heat flow (speed, temperature) and
time.
It is mandatory for the manufacturer to give the purchaser the records of the
quality control tests that were carried out. These records shall be enclosed to the
“Data Books”.
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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17.2 (6.2) Heat Treatment


17.2.1 (6.2.2) Group 1
PDVSA’s operations admit only N80 type Q grade. Consequently, only quenching
and tempering heat treatment is allowed for this pipe grade.

17.3 (6.3) Straightening


For groups 1 and 3, the pipes may be subjected to cold rotary–straightening if,
subsequent to the cold rotary–straightening operation, they are subjected to a
stress–relief heat treatment.

18 (7) MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS


18.1 (7.1) Chemical Composition
All products (pipes, couplings, connectors and pup joints) supplied of Class 2 shall
have no more than 0.01% sulfur and 0.02% phosphorus. All elements added
intentionally during the steel manufacturing process shall be reported indicated
in the quality certificate (both ladle and product analyses). All limits shall be
submitted for approval by PDVSA before manufacturing.
In case PDVSA acquires semi–finished products for subsequent processing, the
specifications agreed upon by PDVSA and the end product processor shall be
complied with.
18.1.1 Carbon equivalent for welded pipes
Regardless of the final composition chosen by the manufacturer, the level of
carbon equivalent shall be lower or equal to the one shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3. MAXIMUM VALUES FOR CARBON EQUIVALENT FOR WELDED PIPES RAW
MATERIAL

Grade
(J55 / K55) (N80Q / P110)
Carbon
0.40 0.52
Equivalent (C.E.) Level

The formula used for calculating the carbon equivalent is the following:

( Cr ) Mo ) V ) ( Ni ) Cu )
C.E. + C ) Mn ) )
6 5 15
MATERIAL SPECIFICATION PDVSA EM–18–00/05

PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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Where:
C.E.: Carbon Equivalent
C: Carbon
Mn: Manganese
Cr: Chrome
Mo: Molybdenum
V: Vanadium
Ni: Nickel
Cu: Copper
NOTE: The values of weight percentages for every chemical element of the
formula are used directly.

18.2 (7.2) Tensile Properties


The stress strain curves with all results of the tensile tests shall be supplied.

18.3 (7.3) Charpy “V–notch” Test – General Requirements


The pipes, couplings, connectors and pup joints supplied in accordance with this
specification shall comply with the longitudinal toughness requirement at a
temperature of 21°C for the grade and type of material specified in Table 4 shown
below.

TABLE 4. REQUIREMENTS FOR IMPACT TOUGHNESS ON IMPACT IN THE CHARPY


TEST (V–NOTCH)
Group 1 Group 3
Toughness Specimen Type J55 and K55 N80Q P110
Mean value of three (3) 10x10 mm 30 55 80
testsn specimens 10x5 mm 15 28 40
Minimum individual 10x10 mm 22 42 70
value 10x5 mm 12 21 35
Note: (A.10 SR16) All the other requirements in A.10.1, A.10.2 (except A.10.2.4)
and A.10.6, shall apply to products of group 1 (grade N80Q) and group 3.

18.4 (7.13) Flattening – Electric Welded Pipes


In addition to the requirements of the base specification, the flattening test for
green pipes shall be carried out. The processor shall demand from the green pipe
manufacturer to comply with this requirement, in accordance with the stipulations
of item 18.2.1. The respective results shall be enclosed to the quality certificate.
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PDVSA
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18.5 Weld Hardness Control (Green Pipes)


The weld shall be assessed by a hardness profile done through it and including
the base metal, the heat affected zone and the fusion zone. The values required
for this test shall be agreed upon between the weld responsible and PDVSA in the
pre–manufacturing meeting that takes place after a purchasing order is granted.
The purchaser may require the records.

18.6 Hardness Control on the Final Product


PDVSA and the manufacturer shall agree on the permissible hardness values in
the technical clarification meeting. Also, they shall agree the hardness variation
criteria.
The hardness test has the purpose of verifying homogeneity through the wall
thickness on the four quadrants in the pipe circumferential direction. The
concepts to be considered for the hardness variation criteria are hardness value
(is the mean obtained from three indentations on the same zone), through–wall
hardness variation (is the difference between maximum and minimum hardness
values in one quadrant).

18.7 Microstructural Aspects


18.7.1 Level of non–metallic inclusions / Raw material
The quantity/distribution of non–metallic inclusions in the material shall be equal
or lower than 1½ for the heavy series and 2 for the thin ones in accordance with
the ASTM E45 (Method D) standard.
In order to determine the inclusion level, at least three (3) samples shall be taken
per heat (one at the beginning, one at the half and one at the end of the heat).
With respect to the raw material (coil or strip) for welded pipes, two (2) test
specimens shall be selected along the coil/strip width for each one of the above
mentioned samples so the test can be performed. One of these test specimens
shall be extracted from the center line and the other from one of the edges. These
test pecimens shall include the coil/strip thickness.
For seamless pipes, the samples shall be taken from the formed pipe (without
heat treatment). Rings shall be cut from one of the pipe ends to extract the test
specimens. The test specimens shall be separated from each other by 120°.
These test specimens shall include the total pipe thickness. The sampling
frequency is shown in Table 5.
When continuous casting is not used for producing the raw material (ingot
manufacturing), PDVSA and the manufacturer shall agree on the acceptance and
rejection criterion in the technical clarification meeting.
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PDVSA
REVISION DATE

REQUIREMENTS FOR CASING AND TUBING 6 OCT.08


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TABLE 5. SAMPLING FREQUENCY FOR DETERMINING NON–METALLIC


INCLUSIONS IN SEAMLESS PIPES
Grade Manufacturing Maximum number Quantity of
process of pipes per samples
inspected lot
N80Q Continuous 200 1
Ingot mold 100 1
P110 Continuous 100 1
Ingot mold 50 1

18.7.2 Microstructure and grain size


All the observed microstructure shall be homogeneous. Any evidence of lack of
fusion (in the case of welded pipes), incomplete austenitization or any other type
of defect that reflects a deficiency in the welding or heat treatment processes shall
be unacceptable. The austenitic grain size shall be equal or finer than number 8
(ASTM E112).
One sample per lot shall be taken at random in accordance with Table 6. If
production exceeds 100 pipes, the samples shall be taken alternatively, at the box
and pin ends.
Regarding welded pipes, the test specimens shall correspond to the welded area,
which shall include base metal, heat affected zone and fusion zone.

TABLE 6. SAMPLING FREQUENCY FOR MICROSTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND


DETERMINATION OF GRAIN SIZE
Maximum number of pipes per Quantity of test
Grade Product
inspected lot specimen
Tubing tubular Casing tubular
Body End
products products
J55, K55 EW 200 100 1 1
N80Q EW 100 50 1 1
S 200 100 1 1
P110 EW 50 50 1 1
S 100 50 1 1

Note: EW: Pipes welded by electric resistance


S: Seamless pipes

18.7.3 Segregation
The material shall be free of segregations and, in order to prove it, the
manufacturer shall supply transverse metalographies from the coil/strip.
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PDVSA
REVISION DATE

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For segregation existence determination on the coil or strip, the sampling


frequency and method shall be carried out according to the item 15.7.1
stipulations (Non–metallic inclusions Level of non–metallic inclusions / Raw
material). The test specimens will cover the total coil/strip thickness.
Any coil or strip that contains segregations shall be rejected.

19 (8) DIMENSIONS, MASSES, TOLERANCES, PIPE ENDS


AND DEFECTS
19.1 (8.13) Defects
19.1.1 (8.13.1) Pipe and accessories
Additional to the base specification requirements, every inner/outer surface
indication in any orientation shall be considered a defect if the remaining wall
thickness after exploration is lower than 90% for the N80Q grade and lower than
95% for the P110 grade.
Any indication at a distance shorter than 1.6 mm from any one of the sides of the
weld line shall be considered a defect if, after its exploration the remaining wall
thickness is lower than 90% for N80Q grade and lower than 95% for the P110
grade.

20 (9) COUPLINGS
20.1 (9.18) Couplings and Coupling Blank Protection
This section applies to all groups.

21 (10) INSPECTIONS AND TESTING


21.1 (10.3) Testing of Chemical Composition
21.1.1 (10.3.3) Product analyses
All chemical elements, including those added intentionally during the steel
manufacturing process, shall be reported in the quality certificate (heat and
product analysis). Before product manufacturing, the manufacturer shall submit
to PDVSA all limits of these elements for their approval.

21.2 (10.5) Flattening Test


21.2.1 (10.5.2) Frecuency of testing
The tests carried out at 90° position (see Figure 2) for welded pipes shall always
be done in the same pipe end of each pipe (100% of the pipes).
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PDVSA
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The tests carried out in the 0º position (see Figure 2) for welded pipes shall be
done to a sample of 10% of the pipes, considering both pipe ends of the pipe to
be tested.
Fig 2. POSITIONS OF THE SAMPLES TAKEN FROM WELDED PIPES FOR THE
FLATTENING TESTS

WELDING

WELDING

90° POSITION 0° POSITION

21.2.2 (10.5.3) Test specimens


The test pecimens for final product tests product shall be cut after concluding
pipe’s heat treatment.

21.3 (10.6) Hardness Test


This test requires a ring specimen cut from the pipe, which is divided into four
equidistant sections in the circumferential direction of the pipe, following the
indications of item 10.6.9 of the base specification API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004.
Regarding welded pipes, one of these sections corresponds to the weld area,
which shall be evaluated with three (3) tests in order to determine the base metal,
the heat affected zone and the fusion zone hardnesses.
For the hardness test, Table 7 shows the values for the lot size. One sample per
lot shall be taken at random . If production exceeds 100 pipes, the samples shall
be taken alternatively in the pin male and box female pipe ends.
With regard to tubing with upsets, one sample not less than three (3) feet from the
pipe end shall be taken in order to evaluate both, the upset pipe ends and the body.
The sample ring of the pipe body material shall be taken six (6) inches from the
cut made in the pipe body.
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PDVSA
REVISION DATE

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TABLE 7. SAMPLING FREQUENCY FOR THE HARDNESS TEST


Maximum number of pipes per Quantity of test
Grade Product
inspection lot specimens
Tubing tubular Casing tubular
Body Upset
products products
J55, K55 EW 200 100 1 1
N80Q EW 100 50 1 1
S 200 100 1 1
P110 EW 50 50 1 1
S 100 50 1 1
Note: EW: Pipes welded by electric resistance
S: Seamless pipes
21.4 (10.12) Hydrostatic Test
21.4.1 (10.12.1) Hydrostatic test procedures
The pipe with API connection shall always be subjected to the alternative test
pressure (greater). If there is no equipment available with enough capacity to
perform the test at the required pressure, PDVSA shall have the authority power
to decide whether lower pressures can be used. Regarding pipes with patented
threads (“Premium”), the hydrostatic test shall be performed on the pipe body with
non threaded pipe ends.
21.4.2 (10.12.2) Hydrostatic test requirements
The alternative test (greater) pressure, based on 80% of specified minimum yield
strength for the pipe or coupling (not limited to leakage resistance calculated from
test pressure) shall always be applied.
21.5 (10.13) Dimensional Testing
All values shall undergo statistical analysis. When applicable, the weld area shall
be one of the locations where the tests shall be performed with a frequency of at
least 25%.
21.6 (10.15) Non–Destructive Examination (NDE)
21.6.1 (10.15.3) Reference standards (calibration patterns)
For this class, the artificial reference indicators shall comply with level L3 (Tables
C64/E64 of the basic specification API 5CT / ISO 11960:2004), except for the
P110 grade, for which the L2 level applies.
21.7 Collapse and Burst Tests
21.7.1 The collapse and burst tests shall be performed for every new tubular product
development in accordance with the stipulations of the purchase order. Two (2)
samples per lot shall be tested, as established in the API 5C3 Bulletin.
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21.7.2 The samples for collapse test shall have a length equal or greater than eight (8)
times of the pipe’s external diameter.
21.7.3 The results of these tests shall be 20% above the theoretical minimum resistance
according to the calculations indicated in the same bulletin.

21.8 Residual Stresses Test


The residual stresses test shall be carried out for every new welded tubular
product development, in accordance with the stipulations of the purchase order.
Two (2) samples per lot shall be tested for determining the level of residual
stresses in accordance with Crampton’s method (“slit ring”) or other method the
purchaser agrees to.
The residual stresses level shall not exceed 20% of the pipe’s yield strength.

22 (11) MARKING
22.1 (11.1.4) The manufactured products (pipes and couplings) for this class shall be
marked by stenciling and stamping by the cold die stamping with rounded–face
dies. The maximum permissible depth of the stamp on the manufactured products
shall be 3% of the wall’s thickness.

22.2 The products manufactured for this class shall be marked with the API monogram
and the manufacturer’s API 5CT certification number. The minimum information
stamped shall be the following: Type of PDVSA class (Class 2), heat,
manufacturer, grade and pipe’s nominal linear mass.
SECTION C – ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 3
The additional requirements that apply to Class 3 of this specification are found
in PDVSA specifications EM–18–00/01, EM–18–00/02, EM–18–00/06, and
EM–18–00/07.

23 BIBLIOGRAPHY
Dr. Robert B. Abernathy, The New Weibull Handbook, 536 Oyster Road, North
Palm Beach, Florida 33408–4328
COVENIN 3133/1 (ISO 2859–1), Procedimientos de muestreo para inspección
por atributos. Parte 1: Planes de muestreo por nivel de calidad aceptable (NCA)
para inspección lote por lote.
API 220:2003, Determination of Rust Prevention Characteristics of Lubricating
Greases.
ISO/IEC 17050–1:2004, Conformity assessment – Supplier’s declaration of
conformity – Part 1: General requirements.
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PDVSA
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ISO IEC 17050–2:2004, Conformity assessment – Supplier’s declaration of


conformity – Part 2: General requirements.
ISO 2859–1:1999, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 1:
Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot–by–lot
inspection.
ISO 2859–2:1985, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 2:
Sampling plans indexed by limiting quality (LQ) for isolated lot inspection.
ISO 2859–3:2005, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 3:
Skip–lot sampling procedures.
ISO 2859–4:2002, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 4:
Procedures for assessment of declared quality levels.
ISO 2859–5:2005, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 5:
System of sequential sampling plans indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL)
for lot–by–lot inspection.
ISO 2859–10:2006, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes – Part 10:
Introduction to the ISO 2859 series of standards for sampling for inspection by
attributes.