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A.3.

6 DESIGN OF SHEARKEY AND END BLOCK

1.0 Design Data :

Shear Reduction factor, Ф : = 0.85


Response Modfication Factor, R = 0.80
Shear Friction Coefficient, m : = 1.00 ( for shear placed against concrete
intentionally roughened)
Correction factor, l : = 1.00 (for normal weight concrete)
Reinforcement strength, fy : = 414.00 Mpa
Concrete strength, fc' : = 28.00 Mpa

A. Design for Expansion Joints

2.0 Loadings

2.1 Primary Loads :

ABUT. A-1 ABUT A-2 ABUT. B-1 ABUT B-2


Longitudinal EQ (Load 1)
Longitudinal 6185.77 kN 6373.83 kN 6120.46 kN 6358.70 kN
Transverse 3228.32 kN 3108.41 kN 3381.12 kN 3235.06 kN

Transverse EQ (Load 2)
Longitudinal 1714.63 kN 1609.15 kN 1878.30 kN 1680.05 kN
Transverse 7106.82 kN 507.91 kN 7077.36 kN 7151.78 kN

2.2 Load Combinations :


Load Combinations 1 = 1.0EQL + 0.30EQT
Longitudinal 6700.16 kN 6856.57 kN 6683.95 kN 6862.72 kN
Transverse 5360.36 kN 3260.78 kN 5504.33 kN 5380.59 kN

Load Combinations 1 = 0.30EQL + 1.0EQT


Longitudinal 3570.36 kN 3521.30 kN 3714.43 kN 3587.66 kN
Transverse 8075.32 kN 1440.44 kN 8091.70 kN 8122.30 kN

2.3 Modified Load Combinations :


Mod Lc1 = EQ ÷ R
Longitudinal 8375.20 kN 8570.72 kN 8354.94 kN 8578.40 kN
Transverse 6700.45 kN 4075.98 kN 6880.41 kN 6725.74 kN

Mod Lc2 = EQ ÷ R
Longitudinal 4462.95 kN 4401.62 kN 4643.04 kN 4484.57 kN
Transverse 10094.15 kN 1800.55 kN 10114.62 kN 10152.87 kN
2.4 Design Load :

For Longitudinal Direction : 8578.40 kN


For Transverse Direction : 10152.87 kN

3.0 Consider Transverse Loadings :

3.1 Design Load, Vu : 10152.87 kN


3.2 Dimension of End Block :
Length, L : 1853
Width, W : 450
Height, H : 500-600

L W

● ● ● ● ●
H

3.3 Design for reinforcements


Concrete clear cover, cc : 50
Depth Provided, d = L - cc : 1803
Number of shearkeys, N : 5
Total Shear force, V = Vu ÷ 2 : 5076.44 kN
Design force per key, V ÷ N : 1015.29 kN
Concrete Shear Capacity :
Vc = (0.166√fc')∙d∙W 712.68 kN
Required Shear Friction reinf :
Vkey
Av = f∙fy∙m 2885.16 mm²
Diameter of shear reinf., ds : 20
Required min. number of vert. reinf, n : 10 bars
Required each face : 5 bars

4.0 Consider Longitudinal Loadings :


4.1 Design Load, Vu : 8578.40 kN
4.2 Design for reinforcements
Concrete clear cover, cc : 50
Depth Provided, d = W - cc : 400
Number of shearkeys, N : 5
Total Shear force, V = Vu ÷ 2 : 4289.20 kN
Design force per key, V ÷ N : 857.84 kN
Concrete Shear Capacity :
Vc = (0.166√fc')∙d∙L 651.06 kN
Required Shear Friction reinf :
Vkey
Av = f∙fy∙m 2437.74 mm²
Diameter of shear reinf., ds : 20
Required min. number of vert. reinf, n : 8 bars
Required each face : 4 bars
A. Design for Fixed Joints
5.0 Loadings

5.1 Primary Loads :

Pier 1 Pier 2
Longitudinal EQ (Load 1)
Longitudinal 298.65 kN 309.95 kN
Transverse 1303.49 kN 1328.52 kN

Transverse EQ (Load 2)
Longitudinal 1016.42 kN 1047.77 kN
Transverse 558.61 kN 614.13 kN

5.2 Load Combinations :


Load Combinations 1 = 1.0EQL + 0.30EQT
Longitudinal 603.57 kN 624.28 kN
Transverse 1471.07 kN 1512.76 kN

Load Combinations 1 = 0.30EQL + 1.0EQT


Longitudinal 1106.02 kN 1140.76 kN
Transverse 949.65 kN 1012.69 kN

5.3 Modified Load Combinations :


Mod Lc1 = EQ ÷ R
Longitudinal 754.47 kN 780.35 kN
Transverse 1838.84 kN 1890.95 kN

Mod Lc2 = EQ ÷ R
Longitudinal 1382.52 kN 1425.94 kN
Transverse 1187.07 kN 1265.86 kN

5.4 Design Load :

For Longitudinal Direction : 1425.94 kN


For Transverse Direction : 1890.95 kN
6.0 Consider Transverse Loadings :

6.1 Design Load, Vu : 1890.95 kN


6.2 Dimension of End Block :
Length, L : 1816
Width, W : 450
Height, H : 550-600

L W

● ● ● ● ●

6.3 Design for reinforcements


Concrete clear cover, cc : 50
Depth Provided, d = L - cc : 1766
Number of shearkeys, N : 5
Total Shear force, V = Vu ÷ 2 : 945.47 kN
Design force per key, V ÷ N : 189.09 kN
Concrete Shear Capacity :
Vc = (0.166√fc')∙d∙W 698.06 kN
Required Shear Friction reinf :
Vkey
Av = f∙fy∙m 537.35 mm²
Diameter of shear reinf., ds : 20
Required min. number of vert. reinf, n : 2 bars
Required each face : 1 bars

7.0 Consider Longitudinal Loadings :


7.1 Design Load, Vu : 1425.94 kN
7.2 Design for reinforcements
Concrete clear cover, cc : 50
Depth Provided, d = W - cc : 400
Number of shearkeys, N : 5
Total Shear force, V = Vu ÷ 2 : 712.97 kN
Design force per key, V ÷ N : 142.59 kN
Concrete Shear Capacity :
Vc = (0.166√fc')∙d∙L 638.06 kN
Required Shear Friction reinf :
Vkey
Av = f∙fy∙m 405.21 mm²
Diameter of shear reinf., ds : 20
Required min. number of vert. reinf, n : 2 bars
Required each face : 1 bars
MRT-7 HIGHWAY
TCGI ENGINEERS
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
Item: RIVER BRIDGE A
Designed By: JJMD 9-Jul-18 Checked by: EDP 10-Jul-18
Filename: DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY