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LEWIS STRUCTURES AND MOLECULAR SHAPES


Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

Br2

N2

CO2

NH3

PCl3
Page 2

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

H2O

OF2

H2O2

HCN

F2CO
carbonyl
difluoride
Page 3

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

N2O

CO

SO2

O3

SO3
Page 4

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

BF3

NO

CO32–

ClO3–

N3–
azide ion
Page 5

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

SO32–

NO2–

NO3–

NH4+

O22–
Page 6

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

SO42–

PO43–

NO+
nitrosonium ion

NO2+
nitronium ion

CH4
Page 7

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

C2H2
acetylene

C2H4
ethylene

C6H6
benzene

CH3–
methyl anion

CH3+
methyl cation
Page 8

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

N2H4
hydrazine

CHCl2CHCl2

ClHC=CHCl
(cis isomer)

ClHC=CHCl
(trans isomer)
Page 9

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

H2SO4

HSO4−

SO42−

H2S

HS−
Page 10

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)

S2−

H2CO3

HCO3−

CO32−

CH3COO−
Page 11

Electron Pair
Bond Angle Polar (P) or
Geometry Molecular Geometry
Formula Lewis Structure (dashes (angle Nonpolar (NP)
(arrangement of (arrangement of atoms
and for bonding pair and dots between two Molecule? (not
electron clouds bonded to each central
Name for lone pairs) adjacent applicable to
around each atom)
bonds) ions)
central atom)