99 views

Original Title: Handbook Companion to ACI 318-14 Vol 1

Uploaded by tedpaf33

- Vigas-Columnas Con NORMA ACI
- Can a Doubly Reinforced Beam Be Under Reinforced
- Aci Sp 17 14 Volume 1
- RECTBEAM_(318-05)(1)
- Computer-based Analysis and Design of Building Structures, Wolfgang Schueller.pdf
- SAFE
- TestFulSizConcretewithFRP.pdf
- ACI SP-17(14)
- Design of Oneway Slabs
- Lecture-7-Practical Design to Eurocode 2
- Technical Information ASSET DOC LOC 7570629
- Crack Width
- Hilti HIT-HY 150 with rebar.pdf
- Shear on Slab Close to Support
- Beam Detail
- ABAC SOFT
- 1-s2.0-S1687404813000576-main
- 1-s2.0-S1877705813003779-main.pdf
- 1-s2.0-S1350630713002768-main
- Beam design.xlsx

You are on page 1of 7

Design and detail an interior, simply supported precast beam supporting factored concentrated forces of 15 kip located at 4ft

6 in. from each end and a continuously distributed factored force of 4.6 kip/ft. The beam is supported on a 6 in. ledge.

Beams

Given:

Material properties—

fcƍ SVLQRUPDOZHLJKWFRQFUHWH

Ȝ

fy = 60,000 psi

Load—

Pu1 = 15.0 kip at 4 ft 6 in. from each support

wu = 4.6 kip/ft Fig. E7.1—Simply supported precast concrete beam.

Span length: 18 ft

Beam width: 14 in.

Bearing at support: 6 in.

Bearing at concentrated load: 10 in.

Step 1: Material requirements

9.2.1.1 The mixture proportion must satisfy

atisfy the durability specif

By specifying that the concrete mixture shall be in

requirements of Chapter 19 (ACI 318-14)

318 and accordance with ACI 301-10 and providing the expo-

quirem

structural strength requirements. The designer lasses, Chapter

sure classes, Chapte 19 (ACI 318-14) requirements

rabil classes. Please refer to

determines the durability VDWLV

DUHVDWLV¿HG

Chapter 3 of thiss Ha

Handbookok for an in-depth

in-d discus

discus-

gor and

sion of the categories nd classes. B ed oon durability

Based bility and strength requirements, and

ex erien with local

experience l l mi i

mixtures, the compressive

IH VSHFL¿FDWLRQWKD LVFR

$&,LVDUHIHUHQFHVSHFL¿FDWLRQWKDWLVFRRUGL- VWU QJWK FUHWHLVVS

VWUHQJWKRIFRQFUHWHLVVSHFL¿HGDWGD\VWREHDW

nated with ACI 31 CI encourages referencing

318. ACI re rencing le t 40

least 4000 psi.

¿F V

LQWRMREVSHFL¿FDWLRQV

hich the

301, such as admixtures and pozzolans, which

designer can require, permit, or review if suggested

by the contractor.

Step 2: Beam geometry

Beam depth

9.3.1.1 Since beam resists concentrated loads, the beam

depth limits in Table 9.3.1.1 of ACI 318-14 cannot

be used. Assume 22 in. deep beam with

266 THE REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN HANDBOOK—SP-17(14)

Step 3: Analysis

The beam is simply supported and the loads are

symmetrical. Therefore, the maximum shear and

moment are located at supports and midspan,

respectively.

wu (A) (4.6 kip/ft)(18 ft)

Vu , max = + ( Pu ) Vu , max = + (15 kip) = 56.4 kip

2 2

wu (A) 2 (4.6 kip/ft)(18 ft) 2

M u , max = + ( Pu )( x1 ) M u , max = + (15 kip)(4.5 ft) = 254 ft-kip

8 8

Step 4: Bearing

16.2.6.2 The minimum seating length th of the precast beam

on the wall ledge is thee greate

greater of:

Ɛn/180 and 3 in. Ɛn/180

80 = (18 ft)(12 iin./ft)/180

n /ft

/f = 1.2 in. < 3 in.

vide 6 in.,

Provided therefor OK.

n., therefore

Bearing strength

h

22.8.3.2 Check bearing str

strength concentrated

h at seat and con entra

load:

f

The supporting surface (ledge) is wider on three of

the four sides. Therefore, condition (c) applies:

285.6 kip >> 56.4 kip OK

A 10 in. wide beam rests on the precast beam: 0.85(4000 psi)(14 in.)(10 in.)/1000=476 kip>>15 kip

OK

CHAPTER 7—BEAMS 267

9.3.3.1 The Code does not permit a beam to be designed

Beams

with steel strain less than 0.004 in./in at nominal

strength. The intent is to ensure ductile behavior.

reinforcing bar strain is not a controlling issue.

tensioned controlled, ࢥ = 0.9. This assumption will

be checked later.

and 1.0 in. cover. For precast concrete beam, the

minimum cover is the greater of 5/8 in. and db and

need not exceed 1.5 in. Use db = 1 in. cover

2QHURZRIUHLQIRUFHPHQW

d = h – cover – dtie – db/2 d = 22 in. – 1.0 in. – 0.375 in. – 1.0 in. /2 = 20.1 in.,

say, 20 in.

22.2.2.1 The concrete compressive strain at nominal

moment strength is calculated at:

İcu = 0.003

22.2.2.2 WKRI

7KHWHQVLOHVWUHQJWKRIFRQFUHWHLQÀH[XUHLVDYDUL-

able property andd is about 10 to 15 per

percent off the

ess strength.

concrete compressive rength. ACI 31318 neglects

nsi strength

the concrete tensile ength to calculat

calculate nomi

nominal

strength.

uiv

Determine the equivalent concrete com ssive

compressive

stress at nominal strength:

inelastic at high stress. The Code permits any

stress distribution to be assumed in design if shown

to result in predictions of ultimate strength in

reasonable agreement with the results of compre-

hensive tests. Rather than tests, the Code allows

the use of an equivalent rectangular compressive

22.2.2.4.1 stress distribution of 0.85fcƍZLWKDGHSWKRI

22.2.2.4.3 a = ȕ1c, where ȕ1 is a function of concrete compres-

sive strength and is obtained from Table 22.2.2.4.3.

by equating the compression force to the tension

force within the beam cross section:

C= T

0.85fcƍba = Asfy 0.85(4000 psi)(b)(a)=As (60,000 psi)

For moment at midspan: b = 14 in. a = = 1.26 As

0.85(4000 psi)(14 in.)

268 THE REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN HANDBOOK—SP-17(14)

required strength at each section along its length:

ࢥMnMu

ࢥVn9u

⎛ a⎞ ⎛ 1.26 As ⎞

φM n ≥ M u = φAs f y ⎜ d − ⎟ (254 ft-kip)(12) = (0.9)(60 ksi)As ⎜ 20 in. −

⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎟⎠

A No. 8 bar has a db = 1.0 in. and an As = 0.79 in.2 As, req’d = 3.1 in.2 Use four No. 8

As, prov = 3.16 in.2 > As, req’d = 3.1 in.2 OK

Aid – Analysis Tables, which can be downloaded

from: https://www.concrete.org/store/productdetail.

aspx?ItemID=SP1714DA, four No. 8 bars require a

minimum of 11.5 in. wide beam. Therefore, 14 in.

width is adequate.

(tension controlled).

As f y a

9.3.3.1 a= and c = 6 s = ((1.26)(4)(0.79 in.2) = 3.98 in.

a = 1.26A

0.85 f c′b β1 /0.85 = 3.98 in./0.85

c = a/0.85 0.8 = 4.68 in.

ZKHUHȕ1 = 0.85

ε cu 0.003

0

εt = (d − c) εt = 20 in. − 4.

(20 4.68 in.) = 0.01

c 4. in.

4.68

Therefore, mption of using ࢥ = 0.9 is correct.

refo assumption

CHAPTER 7—BEAMS 269

Minimum reinforcement

The provided reinforcement must be at least the

9.6.1.1 minimum required reinforcement at every section

Beams

9.6.1.2 along the length of the beam.

3 f c′ 3 4000 psi

As , min = bw d As , min = (14 in.)(20 in.) = 0.89 in.2

fy 60, 000 psi

200 200

As , min = bw d As , min = (14 in.)(20 in.) = 0.93 in.2 Controls

fy 60,000 psi

As,prov = 3.16 in.2 > As,min = 0.93 in.2 OK

the minimum required reinforcement area at all

positive moment locations.

Top reinforcement

While not required by Code, top bars are needed

to stabilize the beam’s stirrups. Use two No. 5

continuous bars.

Step 6: Shear design

Shear strength

21.2.1(b) tor:

Shear strength reduction factor: ࢥshearr = 0.7

0.75

9.5.1.1 ࢥVnVu

9.5.3.1 Vn = Vc + Vs

22.5.1.1

ion (a),, (b), and (c) of 9.4.3.2

4.3.2 are

LJQ DUIRUFHLVWDNHQ WGLVWDQFH

VDWLV¿HGWKHGHVLJQVKHDUIRUFHLVWDNHQDWGLVWDQFH

d from the face of th

the supportt (F

(Fig. E7.4).

Fig. E7.4—S

E7.4—Shear at the critical section.

Check if ࢥVcVu ࢥVc = (0.75)(35.4 kip) = 26.6 kip < Vu = 48.7 kip NG

Therefore, shear reinforcement is required.

Determine required Vu on each side of Pu

/HIWRIPu: VXƐ = Vu – wux1 VXƐ = 56.4 kip – (4.6 kip/ft)(4.5 ft) = 35.7 kip

Right of Pu: Vu,r = Vu – wux1 – Pu Vu,r = 56.4 kip – (4.6 kip/ft)(4.5 ft) –15 kip = 20.7 kip

22.5.1.2 Prior to calculating shear reinforcement, check

if the cross-sectional dimensions satisfy Eq.

(22.5.1.2):

Vu ≤ φ(Vc + 8 f c ′bw d ) Vu ≤ φ(35.4 kip + 8( 4000 psi)(14 in.)(20 in.)) = 132.8 kip

OK

Section dimensions are satisfactory.

270 THE REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN HANDBOOK—SP-17(14)

Shear reinforcement

9.5.3 Transverse reinforcement satisfying equation

22.5.10.1 22.5.10.1 is required at each section where Vu > ࢥVc

φAv f yt d

where φVs = Assume a No. 3 bar, two legged stirrup

s

(0.75)(2)(0.11 in.2 )(60,000 psi)(20 in.)

22.1 kip =

s

s = 8.9 in.

22.1 kip

First, does the required transverse reinforcement Vs = = 29.5 kip

value exceed the threshold value? 0.75

rup spacing is the

threshold value, the maximum stirrup

lesser of d/2 and 24 in. dd/2 = 20 in./

in./2 = 10 in.

d = 10 in., therefore, OK

Use s = 7 in. < d/2

u No. 3 stirrups at 7 in. on

center over the ful th of the beam.

full length

Since the maximum

mu spacing

acing is 10 in., ddetermine

termine the

value of:

(0.75)(2)(0.11 in.2 )(60 ksi)(20 in.)

(0.75)

ࢥVn ࢥVcࢥVs φVn = 2 ip +

26.6 kip

with s = 10 in. 10 in.

ࢥVn = 46.4 kip

Determine distance x from face of support to point

at which

56.4 kip − 46.4 kip

Vu = 46.4 kip x= = 2.2 ft

4.6 kip/ft

Determine distance Ɛv1, beyond x1 at which stirrups

are not required.

20.7 kip − 26.6 kip / 2

Find Ɛv1 = (Vu@x1 – ࢥVc/2)/wu A v1 = = 1.6 ft, say, 2 ft

4.6 kip/ft

CHAPTER 7—BEAMS 271

Conclude:

use s = 7 in. until ࢥVu < 44.5 kip and From face of support use 3 in. space then

use s = 10 in. until ࢥVu < 0.5ࢥVc Five spaces at 7 in. on center (35 in.) and

Beams

Five spaces at 10 in. on center (3 in.+ 35 in.+ 50 in.) =

88 in. > 78 in. OK

The beam middle section of length:

(18 ft)(12) – 2(88 in.) = 40 in.

does not require shear reinforcement.

length of 40 in. at 10 in. on center as good practice.

concentrated load. Place six No. 3 stirrups at 4 in.

centered on each concentrated load.

- Vigas-Columnas Con NORMA ACIUploaded byYOSNELY
- Can a Doubly Reinforced Beam Be Under ReinforcedUploaded byisuru
- Aci Sp 17 14 Volume 1Uploaded byRichard Gacitúa
- RECTBEAM_(318-05)(1)Uploaded byJuan Jose Gutierrez Vidal
- Computer-based Analysis and Design of Building Structures, Wolfgang Schueller.pdfUploaded bywolfschueller
- SAFEUploaded byChanita Melchor Almonacid
- TestFulSizConcretewithFRP.pdfUploaded byAlfia Bano
- ACI SP-17(14)Uploaded bytuantomato
- Design of Oneway SlabsUploaded byOsama Tamari
- Lecture-7-Practical Design to Eurocode 2Uploaded byjcunha4740
- Technical Information ASSET DOC LOC 7570629Uploaded bySaiful Islam
- Crack WidthUploaded byAnonymous HrZXzhB
- Hilti HIT-HY 150 with rebar.pdfUploaded byMuzammil Hawa
- Shear on Slab Close to SupportUploaded bythinnai
- Beam DetailUploaded bySamikshya Shah
- ABAC SOFTUploaded byScream Emotion Randu Rabhell
- 1-s2.0-S1687404813000576-mainUploaded byLeonardo Calheiros Rodrigues
- 1-s2.0-S1877705813003779-main.pdfUploaded byAkhilesh B.M
- 1-s2.0-S1350630713002768-mainUploaded byJithin Payyanur
- Beam design.xlsxUploaded byArpit Singh
- Referee's Report MS511_479 #1Uploaded byYork Zeng
- Tutor de Sap 2000Uploaded byJosé Antonio Quispealaya Hernández
- hybrid fibreUploaded byprabindp
- Analysis and Design of Roof BeamsUploaded byLee Yu Chan
- 6Uploaded byAbu Bidu
- ERAMCO Concrete Properties Defined 2006Uploaded bySakis
- Scaffolding for Tower LiftingUploaded byBalaji Subramanian
- bechtoula2014 uas 2019.pdfUploaded byDesna Lia
- Concrete_II_Study_Guide.pdfUploaded bydsalguero_2
- RCDC 7.0 Release NotesUploaded byJayChristian Quimson

- ADAPT Licensing Installation and User Guide 01272017Uploaded bytedpaf33
- wall_coordinate2.txtUploaded bySwapnil Kamerkar
- Builder 2016 Design OptionsUploaded bytedpaf33
- Password for PCA Notes on ACI 318-11Uploaded bytedpaf33
- Tendon Modeling in FEMUploaded bytedpaf33
- Tendon Modeling in FEM.pdfUploaded bytedpaf33

- 311-363Uploaded byYen Ling Ng
- NBC 205_2013-12-07Uploaded byDipraj Adhikari
- MB_Concrete Frames_Oct06Uploaded byEdin Lissica
- Refracta Presentation (Refractory)Uploaded byNael
- Lintel Comparison ChartUploaded byChris Powell-Williams
- Horizontal Shear StressUploaded byGan Chin Phang
- ComPacAVPAPDS_020509Uploaded byAnthony Orendain
- Member Design Summary-r0Uploaded byMustufa F Kanjeta
- How to Design FoundationsUploaded byjrandeep
- Motor 3,2 v6 CaptivaUploaded bysertex_jo
- Inspection ChecklistUploaded byrobinrubina
- Shear PDC Dull GradingUploaded byodscam
- Refractory and High Temperature Ceramic Coatings and cementsUploaded byAnderman Ceramics Lt
- Letter, Execution of Long-Term Power Purchase Agreement for a New 2 GW Coal-Fired IPP Project in IndonesiaUploaded byQurratA.AbuAyub
- Curriculum Vitae Charles WaldheimUploaded bylulugovinda
- Types of SpillwaysUploaded byJonathan
- Ductile MaterialsUploaded byaditya2053
- om_ftkc_newUploaded bybeni.nass8593
- DOOSAN Building Your Tomorrow TodayUploaded byUhrin Imre
- 2150609.pdfUploaded byQais Samadi
- 10 AUG 2013Uploaded byIJBSTR
- SoilCompaction.pptxUploaded byvijking
- 268002023-C55.pdfUploaded byED ABONG
- Estimate of Road MaintenanceUploaded byMalayKumarDeb
- Canal DropsUploaded bymalar0391
- L1 Manufacturing ProcessUploaded byKhairul Anwar
- An Experimental Investigation of Tensile Strength of Glass Composite Materials With Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) FillerUploaded bySachin Chaturvedi
- HPC Bridge Views SummaryUploaded byChan Kin Cheung
- AhernUploaded byAngel Zuñiga
- Triaxial, Mecleod ,CBRUploaded bykeval