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SWIMMING POOL

THEORY
INDEX

o Swimming pools categories

o Swimming pool maintenance

o Pools Water Treatments

o Chemicals dosing and control

o Dosing plants installation: examples

o Recommended dosing systems


SWIMMING POOLS CATEGORIES
There are 3 different types of swimming pools :

• public
• semipublic
• private

All can be either outdoor or indoor.


SWIMMING POOLS CATEGORIES

Public

Outdoor pools
Semipublic
Indoor pools

(hotel)

Private
SWIMMING POOL MAINTENANCE
A swimming pool is an easy-to-monitor system, because it is such a "closed
ring". Apart from make-up water replenishments, made to recover the amounts
lost forcibly (evaporation) or deliberately (to lower the level of impurities),
water circulation occurs up to 6 times in 24 hours, keeping parameters to the
standard levels.
A swimming pool represents also the example of a complex system in which the
pollution degree is frequently changing.
Due to the «elements» that, in a short period of time, enter and exit it..
(example: children during a swimming lesson ).
SWIMMING POOL MAINTENANCE
Water is one of the most common means by which bacteria and viruses
transmission happens.
This risk becomes more relevant in public places, swimming pools in particular,
due to people presence.
For this reason, in a swimming pool water has to be continuously under control,
in order to guarantee respect for the standard level of the most important
parameters:
o PH
o Cloro
o Redox (ORP)
The swimming pool dosing system is connected to the recirculation pump. The
hydraulic circulation should be continuous, starting from a minimum of 3 cycles
per day.
SWIMMING POOL MAINTENANCE
Recirculation timing should be:

Swimming pool category Recirculation maximum times


Private 8 hours

Semipublic (Hotel) 6 hours

Public 4 hours
SWIMMING POOL MAINTENANCE
Swimming pool fundamental controls are:

o pH
Measurement of the hydrogen ions concentration (H+)
pH range: 0 <— acid —> 7 <— alkaline —> 14

o Chlorine Concentration
Reading is done with the amperometric cell (ions reading)
It can be carried out also with a colorimeter

o Redox Potential (alternative to Chlorine concentration)


ORP (mV) measurement
Chlorine concentration is proportional to the Redox potential.
EXAMPLE

Na+ + CLO- (Sodium Hypochlorite)

In this case, Chlorine concentration is proportional to Oxygen concentration and


to Redox potential: chlorine concentration can be measured by Redox potential.
POOLS WATER TREATMENTS
o There are different kinds of swimming pool water treatments.
o Here below, we listed the most common:
SWIMMING POOLS CATEGORIES
TREATMENT PUBLIC SEMIPUBLIC PRIVATE
(HOTEL)
Filtration yes yes yes

Coagulant Dosing yes optional no

PH Control yes yes yes


Redox control for free Not recommended Alternative method yes
chlorine adjustment
Chlorine Control yes yes raramente
Redox Alarm (Water yes … …
quality status)
CHEMICALS DOSING AND CONTROL

PARAMETERS
Temp. pH Redox Torbidity Free Combined Cynuric Flocculation
(ORP) Chlorine Chlorine Acid
Standard 18÷38 °C 6,5÷8,5 ≥670 mV ≤8 NTU/FTU 0,7÷1,8 ppm ≤0,5 ppm ≤75 ppm ≤0,2 ppm (Fe or
AL)
CHEMICALS DOSING AND CONTROL
pH Control

Acid = Hydrochlorid Acid (HCl) or Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4)


PH-Minus is its commercial name
Liquid Product. It is possible to decrease pH value in the pool..

Alkaline = Soda (NaOH)


PH-Plus is its commercial name
Liquid Product. It is possible to increase pH value in the pool.
CHEMICALS DOSING AND CONTROL

Chlorine Control

o SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE (NACLO)


Liquid Product. Chlorine concentration is measured by Amperometric Cell or
Redox instrument.

o CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE (CA(CLO)2)


Powder product. Chlorine concentration is measured by Redox instrument or
Amperometric Cell.
The product must to be diluted for dosing with our pumps.
CHEMICALS DOSING AND CONTROL

CHLORINATED ISOCYANURATES
Product powder, Chlorine concentration is measured by Amperometric Cell.
The product must to be diluted for dosing with our pumps.

SALT CHLORINATOR UNIT


It produces Free Chlorine through salt diluted in water.
Chlorine concentration is measured by Redox instrument or Amperometric Cell.
CHEMICALS DOSING AND
CONTROL
CHLORINE DIOXIDE (CLO2)
Gaseus Product. Chlorine concentration is measured by Amperometric
Dosing with our products is not possible.

Chlorine alternative control

OZONE (O3)
Gaseus Product. Concentration is measured by Redox instrument, but
gas pipeline. Dosing with our products is not possible.
UV SYSTEM
It sterilizes water through ultraviolet rays gamma Uv-c, without
product.
CHEMICALS DOSING AND
CONTROL
HYDROGEN PEROXIDE (H2O2)
Liquid product that destroys viruses through Oxygen. Concentration
measurement by Oxygen sensor with Nexus Series controller and
with Elite ph/o2 system are both possible.

Secondary Controls

FLOCCULATION PRODUCT
Liquid product. Volumetric Pump. This product reduces torbidity.
ANTI-ALGAE PRODUCT
Liquid product. Dosed weekly by the pump. It reduces the plant
DOSING PLANTS INSTALLATION

There are two different construction methods of a swimming pool:

• With compensation basin


• Withouth compensation basin
SWIMMING POOL WITH COMPENSATION
BASIN
PH PUMP
INJECTION

CL PUMP
INJECTION Pompa
Flocculante

Anti -algae
injection

Filter COMPENSATION
Correct point to measure
chlorine and ph values BASIN

Recirculation
pump
SWIMMING POOL WITHOUTH
COMPENSATION BASIN
Ph Pump
injection Skimmer
Cl Pump injection

Anti-Algae
injection

Correcto pint to measure


Chlorine and Ph measure
Filter
Ricirculation
pump Floculant pump
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

Depending on the characteristics of the pool, different dosing systems are


recommended.

ELITE.ph/Rx
SERIES
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

ELITE.PR
SERIES
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

HELIOS.01
SERIES
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

HELIOS.05
AMPEROMETRIC
SERIES
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

BIO.TEMP
SERIES
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

ATHENA.PR
SERIES
RECOMMENDED DOSING SYSTEMS

STERIL.PANEL 01
SERIES