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Orange TKL - RAN

Meeting Orange TKL – Ethio Telecom


RAN presentation
Radio Access Network Department
17th of May, 2012
AGENDA

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Morning

 Swap Strategy
 Swap procedure and guidelines
 Specific QoS and KPIs follow-up for swap
 Best Practices/Lessons learned

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Afternoon

 3G KPIs and dashboards


 3G parameters templates
 Dual Carrier Strategy
 3G best practices

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DAY 2 – MORNING SESSION

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Morning

 Swap Strategy
 Swap procedure and guidelines
 Specific QoS and KPIs follow-up for swap.
 Best Practices/Lessons learned

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Swap Strategy

 2G Swap 1:1 + preparation to introduction of 3G


– Preliminary surveys
– Swap of dual band antennas to tri-band antennas
– Installation of 3G RRU
– Transmission upgrade
 Same number of BSC
 Swap performed at night except hot swap locations (access
issues – security/landlord requirements…)

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Swap Strategy: 3 Phases

 Phase 0: pilot of 4 sites


 Phase 1: sites constituting 3G footprint (211 sites – 4 BSCs)
– Greater Nairobi, East Coast, Kisumu
– 16 clusters defined and sequenced
– 15/20 sites max per cluster
– Sites within same cluster handled by same supplier and same BSC
– Classification of clusters through traffic profile (Low/Medium/High)
– Swap sequence within one BSC from Low to High traffic clusters.
– Swap achieved from 12.02.2011 to 29.04.2011

 Phase 2 : Rest of the country (403 sites – 4 BSCs)


– 37 Clusters defined and sequenced: E// area, then ALU area
– Swap achieved from 14.07.2011 to 26.10.2011

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 0 - Pilot

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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2G Swap cluster sequence – Phase 1 sequence

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RAN – 2G Swap cluster sequence - Coast

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RAN – 2G Swap cluster sequence - Coast

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Morning

 Swap Strategy
 Swap procedure and guidelines
 Specific QoS and KPIs follow-up for swap.
 Best Practices/Lessons learned

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Morning

 Swap Strategy
 Swap procedure and guidelines
 Specific QoS and KPIs follow-up for swap
 Best Practices/Lessons learned

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Cluster lifecycle and milestones

 RW: “Reference Week” 2 weeks reference to get target KPIs values from OSS and perform E2E drive test
 CRR “Cluster Reference Report”: archive of all elementary counters to build required KPIs from former supplier
platform, as well as parameters, CRR with official Reference values ditributed every Monday of Swap week
 SE: “Swap Event”
 QC: “Quick check” reports: Daily follow-up of cluster and Site KPIs
 OW: “Optimization week” : 1st complete week after Week of SE: Supplier to manage to reach KPIs targets for AW
 AW: “Acceptance week”: All KPIs to be met on daily basis and on weekly value during this week. E2E drive test after is
done during this week.

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Milestones and KPIs

 KPIs follow-up includes KPIs subject to penalty (Px KPIs – contractual KPIs)
plus other KPIs
– Site QoS Daily KPIs follow-up up to 7 days after swap event
– Daily and weekly KPIs follow-up at cluster level till acceptance of cluster
– Worst cell list for each Px_KPIs

KPIs Network Element Granularity Target

P3_KPI: Cell downtime


Cell Minutes during SE <= 120 minutes
during swap event
1. At least one day with
CS CSSR > 99%
CS DCR < 1%
INterCelll HSR > 97%
P4_KPIs Site Daily, 48 hours after SE
Inter BTS HSR > 97%
Or
Each of P4_KPIs with max 20% degradation
compared to RW values
1. Not one day with at least one P5_KPIs
Daily and degraded
P5_KPIs Cluster
Weekly during AW 2. Weekly values for P5_KPIs not degraded
compared to RW values
1 DT during RW
P6_KPIs Cluster route DT KPIs not degraded
1DT during AW

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Details of P5_KPIs – Daily objectives

Acceptance week
Cluster_XX Ref Values

2011-11-7 2011-11-8 2011-11-9 2011-11-10 2011-11-11 2011-11-12 2011-11-13

2G CSSR 98.30% 99.31% 99.12% 99.12% 99.33% 99.29% 99.19% 99.31%


2G DCR 1.50% 1.32% 1.48% 1.30% 1.29% 1.35% 1.52% 1.27%
Blockedcallrate(excludehandover) 0.10% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
2G Busy hour traffic (Erl) 14.2 16.7 14.4 16.1 16.8 15 14.4 14.6
2G Cumulated daily average (Erl) 176.1 202.9 186.8 195.5 212.7 192.3 167.2 149
2G HSR 94.70% 96.40% 96.42% 96.21% 96.53% 92.88% 95.71% 94.31%
2G Call Setup Success Rate – Data 93.00% 96.10% 96.83% 96.96% 97.09% 97.20% 97.28% 96.66%

UL data volume 44,518.30 96788.33 56758.88 43915.32 30316.43 39481.4 40802.12 45222.19

DL data volume 292,354.10 349248.9 318040.3 277550.32 245868.84 293111 253681.22 250713.5

DL EGPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 56.8 127.3 131.6 132.9 138 141.1 138.2 130.9

UL EGPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 19.6 74.6 57.6 54.7 55.1 60.9 55.4 61.4

DL GPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 35.2 40.1 40.9 39.4 39.2 39.9 41.6 42.1

UL GPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 12.9 16.8 12.6 15.2 14.8 13.3 15.1 16.9
P5: d d d d d

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Details of P5_KPIs – Weekly objectives

Phase2_Cluster18_Phase2_Batch 18 RW OW AW PASSED?
2G CSSR CS 98.30% 99.18% 99.24% Y
2G DCR 1.50% 1.53% 1.36% Y
Blocked call rate(exclude handover) 0.10% 0.00% 0.00% Y
2G Busy hour Traffic (*) 14.2 16.4 16.8 Y
2G Cumulated Traffic (avg daily) (*) 176.1 186.6 186.6 Y
2G HSR 94.70% 97.24% 95.55% Y
2G Call Setup Success Rate – Data 93.00% 97.28% 96.80% Y
UL Data Volume (*) 44,518.3 82,592.0 50,469.2 Y
DL Data Volume (*) 292,354.1 423,178.9 284,030.6 Y
DL EGPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 56.8 138.4 133.9 Y
UL EGPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 19.6 72.2 62.5 Y
DL GPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 35.2 40.5 40.6 Y
UL GPRS Throughput per TBF (LLC) 12.9 16.8 14.9 Y
Number of KPIs degraded: None

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Details of Cluster Drive test KPIs - CS

Metric BEFORE (RW) AFTER (AW)


Call Attempts (nb) 103 88
Call Setup failures (nb) 9 4
Call Succesful (nb) 94 84
Call Drops (nb) 4 2
Calls with Voice qual <=2.7 1 2
CBR (Call Blocking Rate) 8.74% 4.55% IMPROVED
DCR (Drop Call Rate) 4.26% 2.38% IMPROVED
E2E VOICE (voice indicator) 86.41% 90.91% IMPROVED

VQI DL MOS samples >= 3.3 92.47% 93.28% IMPROVED


Avg RxLev (dBm) -76.04 -72.97 IMPROVED
Avg RxQual 0.38 0.36 IMPROVED
Call Setup time (s) 7.77 6.94 IMPROVED

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Details of Cluster Drive test KPIs - CS

Downlink Before After Delta Comments

Data Connections Attempts 38 52

Data Connections Successes 35 31

Data Connections Failures 3 21


Server is not stable lead to more connection
E2E Data Accessibility SR 92.11% 59.62% DEGRADE
failure to server

Avg.RLC throughput DL (kbit/s) 85.40 135.18 IMPROVED

83.08 127.99 IMPROVED


Avg.LLC throughput DL (kbit/s)

Uplink Before After Delta COMMENTS


Data Connections Attempts 38 52

Data Connections Successes 35 31


Data Connections Failures 3 21
Server is not stable lead to more connection
E2E Data Accessibility SR 92.11% 59.62% DEGRADE
failure to server
Avg.RLC throughput UL (kbit/s) 43.35 62.66 IMPROVED

42.11 60.86 IMPROVED


Avg.LLC throughput UL (kbit/s)

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Morning

 Swap Strategy
 Swap procedure and guidelines
 Specific QoS and KPIs follow-up for swap
 Best Practices/Lessons learned

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Best Practices/Lessons learned (1/2)

 Preparation: > 2 months anticipation is recommended before first SE


– Poor or no templates proposed by ZTE to ensure Swap project follow-up and expected deliveries. All
deliveries to be generated
– Securisation of elementary counters to build KPIs of reference at cell level before swap to be included
in reports (CRR report). To exclude specific days with abnormal and massive degradation (fiber cuts,
power issues etc…)
– Securisation of Parameters reference archiving during RW. KEY: BDREF
– QoS tool and parameter check tool independent from Supplier is seen as mandatory, to avoid strain of
resources to ensure all deliveries. KEY: OSIRIS, BDREF.
– Parameter template: decision of which parameter to keep, or which to align to recommended values
– Provide Power TOC mapping from former supplier (done) Requirement for exact database (eesp. Pre-
SDR generation with combining, not combining issues)
– Impose Power measurement TOC former supplier (during SE) and new BTS pre-commissioned. Not
done. It would avoid debate on KPIs impacted for non exact matching of power steps.
– ZTE was requested for automatic OSS dumps generation with former supplier OSS dump and
parameters migration rules: NOT AVAILED.
– Dedicated Project Leader for swap project
– Impose Individual Site drive test to obtain reference of coverage.
– Secure Call tests template just after swap
– Mapping of KPIs done along with NAD.
– 1:1 scenario was the chosen scenario(same number of BSC even if newly introduced BSC present
much more capacity) : minimize reconfiguration and potential impact on KPIs from new Architecture

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Best Practices/Lessons learned (2/2)

 After Swap:
– Verification of parameters implementation. Key: BDREF
– Individual Site drive test just after swap: early detection of crossed sectors, early detection of loss of
coverage
– Only parameter tuning is allowed, no amendement of freqeuncy plan, or aerial design
 KPIs impact observed:
– UL strong degradation after swap: Initial RSU deployed more sensitive to CDMA 850 DL by products.
Enhanced filtering RSU was introduced after, in line with introduction of IRC feature and AGC value
tuning
– Systematic MOS degradation. MOS was recovered by out-scope actions:
– Frequency plan and Design amendment was required to achieve same results as before swap.
– Handover per call increased with introduction of ZTE: mechanism to be further optimised.
No decisive conclusion up to today, PR still opened: ZTE products more sensitive to degraded
radio conditions(?)
KEY : OSIRIS: archive of all KPIs
– Systematic progress in PS KPIs: Introduction of new features (Dynamic Abis) + NAD formulas used
under review (Database allocation failure not accounted in CSSR PS….)
– Systematic progress in CS CSSR: SD drop formula validated by NAD under review (current
hypothesis: formula does not count SD drops after Error indication and after T200 expiry)
– ZTE : novice reaction to KPIs results and KPIs study. No notion of exclusions of specific days in AW.
– Delay in Cluster acceptance. E2E DT acceptance not yet pronounced for Phase 2.

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DAY 2 – AFTERNOON SESSION

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Afternoon

 3G KPIs and dashboards


 3G parameters templates
 Dual Carrier Strategy
 3G best practices
 Q&A

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3G KPIs and dashboards (1/2)

REPORT/DASHBOARD OCCURENCE NETWORK CONTENTS


ELEMENT
3G corporate KPIs Daily/weekly network NAD KPIs + specific IRAT PS for all services + Iu
CS/PS SCCP success rate (RNC level only)
3G detailed dashboard weekly RNC Accessibility/ Retainability/Traffic/
Mobility/Quality/Load/ Network availability
Split of NAD KPIs in elementary procedures and
metrics (success rate and number)
3G regional weekly follow up Daily/weekly Optimization region NAD KPIs + Main KPIs + failure causes + action
plan
3G worst cell list Daily/weekly Optimization region Failure types based on Accessibility/
Retainability/Traffic/ Mobility/RTWP/throughput

RRC Troubleshooting report On demand Cell All RRC related KPIs arranged in preparation and
execution phase.

Load and Capacity monitoring Weekly Cell/ Node B/ Iub/ Monitor keyressource usage
RNC/Iu Algorithm of threshold comparison to be fully
implemented in Osiris

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3G KPIs and dashboards (2/2)

 Contents and Focus:


– Articulated around main categories: Accessibility/ Retainability/Traffic/
Mobility/Quality/Load
– NAD KPIs + Self defined KPIs (Split of NAD KPIs in elementary procedures)
– Parallel presentation of Success Rate, failure rates, and number of
transactions/failures
– Ease correlation between different counters/KPIs evolution to quicken
troubleshooting
– All reports defined to be available for any Network element, or group of NE:
Easy TOP DOWN Approach.

 Process of generation:
– All supporting templates predefined in Netnumen
– Export and Copy in tables
Adobe Acrobat Adobe Acrobat
– auto generated Pre-defined charts Document Document

 3G corpo 3G WCL
KPIs
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Agenda – DAY 2 - Afternoon

 3G KPIs and dashboards


 3G parameters templates
 Dual Carrier Strategy
 3G best practices
 Q&A

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3G Parameters template (1/2)

 2 templates defined
– 3G Urban
– 3G border cell
 Main differentiation: IRAT parameterization
 2 Frequencies Strategy:

F1: R99+HSPA; F2: HSPA

Access layer F1

Cell reselection F1 <= F2

Load balance RRC connection setup

Service balance RRC connection setup


F1: CS+PS+HS Preferred
F2: HS Preferred

Inter-frequency The border cells of F2


Handover

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3G Parameters template (2/2)

 Neighbour plan Strategy


 Example Site xxxMS having a
configuration S222-222-222
 A 900 cell (or 1800) must be defined as
neighbour with all intra site 900 and 1800
cells, and also with all 900 and 1800
sectors
 All adjacencies defined are bi-directional
intra technology
 A carrier 1 cell must be defined with all
intra-site co-localised cells : 2G, carrier1
and carrier 2. The definition towards 2G is
unidirectional (outgoing).
 No Carrier 2 is defined as neighbour with
2G cells.
 The Carrier 1 to Carrier 2 flow is defined
only on an intra site basis.

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Defined Axis of optimization of current parameter
templates

 Indoor cell specific template


 Improvement of Voice distortion experienced during Compressed mode
 IRAT optimization: Test of Ec/Io and RSCP trigger, IRAT Based on Uplink
BLER, Uplink Transmit Power, Downlink Transmit Power
 Review and optimization of bandwidth sharing, scheduling and reaction to
users numbers increase/decrease in BW sharing.
 Dual Carrier parameter optimization
 Power allocation optimization (RACH/FACH etc…)
 3G: DRBC parameters fine tuning

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Afternoon

 3G KPIs and dashboards


 3G parameters templates
 Dual Carrier Strategy
 3G best practices
 Q&A

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Dual Carrier HSDPA Dual Strategy

 Feature validated with V2.4.2+ with BPK and CC16 board


 Deployed in 2 clusters, 53 Node Bs
 Some Requirements
– 42 Mbps guaranteed for Tx capacity to fully benefit from
feature
– Specific UE (See next slides)

 F2 frequency defined as Primary, Co sector F1 defined as


secondary
 Parameter template under optimization

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DC-HSDPA UE categories
Max
number of MIMO, Code rate at
PROTOCOL 3GPP Release Category Modulation [Mbit/s]
HS-DSCH Dual-Cell max data rate
codes
HSDPA Release 5 1 5 16-QAM 0.76 1.2
HSDPA Release 5 2 5 16-QAM 0.76 1.2
HSDPA Release 5 3 5 16-QAM 0.76 1.8
HSDPA Release 5 4 5 16-QAM 0.76 1.8
HSDPA Release 5 5 5 16-QAM 0.76 3.6
HSDPA Release 5 6 5 16-QAM 0.76 3.6
HSDPA Release 5 7 10 16-QAM 0.75 7.2
HSDPA Release 5 8 10 16-QAM 0.76 7.2
HSDPA Release 5 9 12 16-QAM 0.7 10.1
HSDPA Release 5 10 15 16-QAM 0.97 14.4
HSDPA Release 5 11 5 QPSK 0.76 0.9
HSDPA Release 5 12 5 QPSK 0.76 1.8
HSPA+ Release 7 13 15 64-QAM 0.82 17.6
HSPA+ Release 7 14 15 64-QAM 0.98 21.1
HSPA+ Release 7 15 15 16-QAM MIMO 0.81 23.4
HSPA+ Release 7 16 15 16-QAM MIMO 0.97 28
HSPA+ Release 7 19 15 64-QAM MIMO 0.82 35.3
HSPA+ Release 7 20 15 64-QAM MIMO 0.98 42.2
Dual-Cell HSDPA Release 8 21 15 16-QAM Dual-Cell 0.81 23.4
Dual-Cell HSDPA Release 8 22 15 16-QAM Dual-Cell 0.97 28
Dual-Cell HSDPA Release 8 23 15 64-QAM Dual-Cell 0.82 35.3
Dual-Cell HSDPA Release 8 24 15 64-QAM Dual-Cell 0.98 42.2
Dual-Cell +
DC-HSDPA w/MIMO Release 9 25 15 16-QAM MIMO 0.81 46.7
Dual-Cell +
DC-HSDPA w/MIMO Release 9 26 15 16-QAM MIMO 0.97 55.9
Dual-Cell +
DC-HSDPA w/MIMO Release 9 27 15 64-QAM MIMO 0.82 70.6
Dual-Cell +
DC-HSDPA w/MIMO Release 9 28 15 64-QAM MIMO 0.98 84.4

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Afternoon

 3G KPIs and dashboards


 3G parameters templates
 Dual Carrier Strategy
 3G best practices
 Q&A

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3G Best practices – examples (1/2)

 Review of initial settings F2 from HSDPA to HSPA


– Unnecessary transitions for R6+ UE in Upload:
– RRC service balance to F2
– Return to F1 at RAB assignment (HSUPA)
– No impact on DL throughput on F2 after change

 “Share Cover” parameter impact: rules the Blind HO direction. Only reserved in inter-
freq or inter RAT of same sectors. Verified at each site integration
 Specific Parameter template for Demo of maximal HSDPA throughput.
 External interference identification in WCDMA UL band from CDMA DL1980 MHz
 Usage of RACH access chip delay at FN8a stage to optimize overshooting
 Change of SGSN parameter (Gb_N201-U_InitiateNegotiation from “1” to “0”) in line
with Skill center recommendation. Impact:
– 10% improvement in 3G2G HO PS - few % below target of 90%.
– 30% improvement in 3G2G Routing area update

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3G Best practices – examples (2/2)

 Base Band Processing board DSP overload detection through RRC and RAB failure
PS “due to Node B”
– Restrict coverage area
– Upgrade BPC 2 BPC or Upgrade BPC  BPK

 High Capitalization from 2G/3G migration KPIs follow-up following release upgrades:
product limitations, restrictions, counters usagete

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Agenda – DAY 2 - Afternoon

 3G KPIs and dashboards


 3G parameters templates
 Dual Carrier Strategy
 3G best practices
 Q&A

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END OF DAY 2 SESSION

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Asante, thanks