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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

NAME: _________________________________

UNITS 3 & 4 Outdoor and Environmental Studies


Practice Written Examination
Reading time: 15 minutes
Writing time: 120 minutes - 2 hours

QUESTION AND ANSWER BOOK

Structure of the examination paper

Number of Number of questions Number of


questions to be answered marks
9 9 90
TOTAL 90

 Students are to write in blue or black pen.


 Students are permitted to bring into the examination room: pens,
pencils, highlighters, erasers, sharpeners and rulers.
 Students are NOT permitted to bring into the examination room: blank
sheets of paper and/or white out liquid/tape.
 No calculator is allowed in this examination.

Materials supplied
 Question and answer book of 14 pages.
 Additional space is available at the end of the book if you need extra
paper to complete an answer.

Instructions
 Write your student name in the space provided above on this page.
 All written responses must be in English.

Students are NOT permitted to bring mobile phones and/or any other
unauthorised electronic devices into the examination room.
VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Question 1

Name an outdoor environment you have visited or studied this year: __________________________

a. Describe how the characteristics of geological stability are identifiable in this environment.
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2 marks
b. Analyse the relationships that an Indigenous community had with this environment before European
colonisation. You should identify one or more perceptions, interactions and impacts that the
Indigenous community had with this environment.

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4 marks
c. Describe one example of how this relationship has changed since European colonisation.

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2 marks

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Question 2

Name an outdoor environment you have visited or studied this year: __________________________

a. b.
Identify an example of how this factor Evaluate the effect of this factor on
influenced your experience with this contemporary societal relationships.
environment.

Technologies

Commercialisation

Portrayals

Responses to risk

4 + 8 = 12 marks

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

c. Read the following excerpt from Hansard (the Federal Parliament’s record of proceedings), dated 10
February 2011. The speaker is The Honorable Greg Combet AM MP, Minister for Climate Change and
Energy Efficiency:

‘The Government is determined to tackle climate change. As a country, we are the highest per capita
emitters of carbon pollution, and a carbon price is needed in our economy to cut pollution and drive
investment in clean energy. The projected growth in our pollution to 2020 is 24 per cent above 2000
levels, which demonstrates the size of the challenge ahead of us. A price tag on pollution is the key to
driving transformation in our economy. This will be a key debate this year that will influence the future of
our country.

On the other side of this House, the Leader of the Opposition has the opportunity to take responsibility
and stand up for the national interest of this country. So far, all we have heard from the Leader of the
Opposition is ‘stop this’, ‘end this’, ‘don’t do this’, ‘no’ and stunning silences in certain interchanges.
The Leader of the Opposition says no to everything—‘stop this’, ‘no’, ‘don’t do it’, ‘end this’. The most
telling thing about his leadership of the opposition is that at no point has he stood up and taken a
principled stand to support what is right and what is necessary in our national interest. This is a key
opportunity. He needs to show the leadership that is necessary for this country on such a key challenge.’

i. Describe one argument that could be used for supporting the approach of the Australian
government in introducing a price on carbon emissions.

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ii. Describe one argument that could be used for NOT supporting the Australian
government’s price on carbon emissions.

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2 + 2 = 4 marks

Question 3

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

a. Identify a definition of sustainability.


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1 mark
b. Using your definition from part a, analyse the concept of sustainable development.

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3 marks

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Question 4

a. Identify one theme commonly used in State of the Environment (SOE) reports in Australia.

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1 mark

b. Describe two indicators, related to the theme identified in part a, that could be used when evaluating
the health of outdoor environments.

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4 marks

c. Evaluate the health of an environment studied/visited with reference to these indicators.

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

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6 marks

Question 5

Name an outdoor environment you have visited or studied this year: __________________________

a. Describe one reason why keeping this environment healthy is important for individual physical and
emotional wellbeing.
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2 marks
b. Describe one reason (different from that described in part a) why keeping this environment healthy is
important for the future of society.

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2 marks

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

c. Identify a significant threat to the health of this environment.

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1 mark

d. Identify and describe one possible impact on this environment, resulting from the threat identified in
part c.

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2 marks

e. Identify and describe one possible impact on society, resulting from the threat identified in part c.

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2 marks

Question 6

Choose one conflict from the following list:

 Marine national parks and sanctuaries (Victoria)


 Franklin River campaign (Tasmania)
 Grazing in the Alpine National Park (Victoria)
 Desalination plant at Wonthaggi (Victoria).

Name the conflict you have selected here: _______________________________________________

a. Identify an interest group involved in this conflict.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

1 mark

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

b. Describe two methods that this interest group used and explain how they influenced decisions made
about the conflict.

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6 marks

c. Evaluate the effectiveness of the decision making process related to this conflict.

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3 marks

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

d. The Victorian Environmental Assessment Committee (VEAC) is involved in environmental decision


making. Justify whether it would it be appropriate for the VEAC to be involved in decisions made
about this conflict.

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2 marks

Question 7
Choose one of the management strategies/policies from the following list:

 Trust for nature


 Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010 – 2020
 Victoria’s Nature Vegetation Management: A framework for action.

Name the management strategy/policy you chose here: ____________________________________

a. Describe the purpose of the strategy/policy.

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2 marks

b. Identify two management practices that could result from the application of the strategy/policy.
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2 marks
c. With reference to an Outdoor Environment you have visited or studied, evaluate the effectiveness of
the strategy/policy.

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

_____________________________________________________________________________________

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3 marks

Question 8
Choose any two of the following actions for sustaining healthy outdoor environments:
 Green building design
 Integrated farming
 Urban planning
 Renewable energy
 Landcare

Name the actions you chose here: Action 1. __________________ Action 2. ___________________

a. For each of the two actions you chose, describe how its application contributes to healthy outdoor
environments.

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4 marks

b. Compare the effectiveness of each of your two chosen actions in sustaining the health of outdoor
environments.

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

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5 marks

Question 9

Name an outdoor environment you have visited or studied this year: __________________________

For this environment, describe the relationships characterised by any three of the following four groups
and/or time periods:

 The first non-Indigenous settlers


 Increasing population
 Industrialisation
 Nation building

Include in your response a description of the effect these changing relationships have had on the particular
environment.

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

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14 marks

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Extra space

Clearly number all answers in this space.

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Marking Guide

Note: the marking guide is only a suggested approach for teachers. It is expected that the specific
approach of students will vary quite substantially, and that teachers will therefore need to be flexible in
the ways they approach marking. The sample answers that are contained in some parts of this guide are
only intended to be examples and are not prescriptive of the approaches students may take.

Question 1

a. Students should identify a characteristic of geological stability (1 mark) and connect this to their chosen
environment (1 mark).

Characteristics might include some of the following:

 Little geological activity


 Poor soils
 Rocky
 Flat
 High salinity
 Greater likelihood of flood.

b. Students should identify a perception (1 mark), an interaction (1 mark), and an impact (1 mark) and
then comment on the overall relationship specific to their chosen environment (1 mark).

c. Students should identify a change in the relationship (1 mark) and explain why this change occurred
(1 mark).

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Question 2

A sample answer for parts a and b is provided below:

a.
b.
Describe an example of how this
Evaluate the effect of this factor on
factor related to your experience with
contemporary societal relationships.
this environment.
On our skiing trip to the Alps we wore Technology has a positive impact on
goretex shell gear which helped to relationships (1 mark), making it
keep us dry, and warm (1 mark). easier to ski in all conditions (1
mark).
Technologies

When we were skiing in the resort we Commercialisation has a mixed


had to put up with lots and lots of impact on relationships (1 mark) –
people around – these numbers of there are resorts to stay in, but also a
people are encouraged by lot more people (1 mark).
Commercialisation commercialisation of skiing (1 mark.)

We watched a Warren Miller film on Portrayals of the outdoors have a


the bus, which made us expect that the negative impact on relationships
ski trip would be full of jumps and (1 mark). Expectations of skiing
cliffs and avalanches (1 mark). conditions can be raised when they
Portrayals don’t happen often (1 mark).

The increasing use of safety gear is The social responses to risk can have
one response to risk taking, and we all negative effects on relationships
had to wear helmets when we were (1 mark) as helmets are cumbersome
skiing in the resort (1 mark). and uncomfortable to wear (1 mark).
Responses to risk

c. i. Students should identify a valid argument (1 mark) and describe this argument in detail (1 mark).

c. ii. Students should identify a valid argument (1 mark) and describe this argument in detail (1 mark).

Question 3

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

a. Students should identify a definition of sustainability (1 mark).

b. Students should outline the concept of sustainable development (1 mark), and link this to their
definition of sustainability from part a (1 mark). Their analysis should include a negative and/or positive
perspective of sustainability or sustainable development (1 mark).

Question 4

a. Students should identify one common theme from SOE reports (1 mark).

Typical themes include:

 Atmosphere
 Biodiversity
 Coasts and oceans
 Inland waters
 Land.

b. For each one of the two indicators, students should identify the indicator (1 mark) and give some
description of the way that indicator helps to evaluate the health of an environment (1 mark)

c. Students should identify a particular environment (1 mark) and give an overall evaluation of the health
of that environment (1 mark). They should justify their evaluation by connecting it to the two chosen
indicators from part b (4 marks – 2 marks for each indicator).

A sample answer:

a. Water

b. Indicator 1: water clarity (1), testing for clarity of the water helps to identify contaminants in the water
(1) Indicator 2: water quality (1), is the water good enough to drink without any treatment (1).

c. At Wilsons Promontory (1), the clarity of the water was quite good, even though it was a brown colour
(1), but we didn’t drink it without treating it (1), so overall the health is a bit mixed (1).

Question 5

a. Students should identify a valid reason (1 mark) and indicate why this reason requires healthy
environments (1 mark).

Reasons could include some of the following:

 Therapeutic benefits
 Places for inspiration and creativity
 Education benefits
 Places for recreation and adventure, etc.

b. Students should identify a valid reason (1 mark) and indicate why this reason requires healthy
environments (1 mark).

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Reasons could include some of the following:

 Food sources
 Scientific research
 Medicines
 Economy, etc.

c. Students should identify a valid threat to the particular environment (1 mark).

These might include one of the following:

 Land degradation
 Introduced species
 Climate change
 Urbanisation.

d. Students should identify a valid impact on the environment as a result of the threat identified in part c
(1 mark), and describe it (1 mark).

e. Students should identify a valid impact on society as a result of the threat identified in part c (1 mark),
and describe it (1 mark).

Question 6

a. Students should identify a suitable interest group (1 mark).

b. For each one of two methods, students should name the method (1 mark), describe the method
(1 mark), and explain how was it used in this conflict (1 mark).

c. Students should name a decision making process (1 mark), make some valid judgement of the
effectiveness of this process (1 mark), and support their judgement for this particular conflict (1 mark).

d. Students should make a judgement of the usefulness of VEAC involvement (1 mark) and give a reason
in support of their judgement (1 mark).

A sample answer for part d: (If a student chose the Franklin River campaign as their conflict):

The VEAC would not be appropriate to be involved (1) because it is a Victorian state body and not
suitable for interstate conflicts (1).

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Question 7

a. Students should give a suitable description of the strategy and its purpose (2 marks).

b. Students should give two management practices that could result from the application of this
strategy/policy (2 marks).

c. Students should give an evaluation of this strategy/policy by making a judgement about its
effectiveness (1 mark), provide at least one suitable reason to support this judgement (1 mark) and make
reference to a suitable outdoor environment that they have visited or studied (1 mark).

A sample answer for Question 7:

(For a student selecting the Trust for Nature)

a. Trust for Nature uses the Conservation Covenants to help protect outdoor environments (1). These are
where private land owners agree to set aside some of their land for conservation and not use the land for
other purposes (1).

b. Resultant management strategies employed by private land owners could include revegetation of native
flora (1) and erection of rabbit proof fences around the area of land set aside for conservation (1).

c. In the Alps, most of the land is public – state and national parks – and so does not come under Trust
for Nature (1). However, surrounding the Alps are a lot of farms and many of these landholders are
starting to use the covenants to help protect land on the edges of the public areas (1), therefore Trust for
Nature and their conservation covenants are becoming more effective in this area (1).

Question 8

a. For each one of two chosen actions, students should outline the chosen action (1 mark) and indicate
how this action can help contribute to sustainable outdoor environment (1 mark).

b. Students should evaluate the effectiveness of each one of the two actions (1 mark x 2), justify each one
of their evaluations (1 mark x 2), and then make some comparison/summary/judgement statement about
whether one of the actions is more effective than the other (1 mark).

Question 9

Sample answers are provided below in the table below. 4 marks are allocated for each of the three
groups/time-periods chosen (for 12 marks in total) and it is expected that appropriate responses should
include perceptions, interactions, impacts and some overall statement about each relationship.

The final 2 marks (to bring the total up to 14 marks for this question) should be allocated for the student’s
description of the effects of these changing relationships on the chosen environment.

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VCE Outdoor and Environmental Studies Unit 3 and 4 Practice Examination

Overall
Perceptions Interactions Impacts
Relationship
Taming the land Land clearing for Negative – Weak – poor
First non- farming reduction in understanding of
Indigenous biodiversity the land
Settlers
Endless resource Mining Negative – Damaging – no
Increasing widespread concern for the
Population erosion environment

Wealth creation use of large scale Negative – Disconnected –


irrigation increase in soil land owners not
Industrialisation
techniques salinity necessarily living
on the land
Desire to create a Building great Positive – opened Strong – helping
prosperous society ocean road the area to new people build new
Nation Building visitors connections with
outdoor
environments

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