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2001

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2002

Chemistry

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2003

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2004

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2005

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2006

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2007

Chemistry

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2008

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Chemistry

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(b)

(c)

(d)

A first-hand investigation was performed to sodium chloride.

observe the electrolysis

of

(i)

Describe an appropriate procedure.

(ii)

Identify the reactions that occur at the anode and at the cathode and give equations for these reactions.

(iii)

What condition would need to be changed to produce sodium metal as a product?

3

2

1

Consider the following mixture of gases in a closed 5.0 L vessel at 730°C.

Gas

Quantity (mol)

CH 4

2.00

H

2 O

1.25

CO

0.75

H

2

0.75

The following reaction occurs:

CH 4 (g) + H 2 O(g) CO(g) + 3H 2 (g)

ΔH = +206 kJ

The equilibrium constant, K, is 0.26 at 730°C.

(i)

Determine whether the system is at equilibrium.

(ii)

Explain how conditions in this reaction could be adjusted to increase the quantity of products.

Synthetic detergents have been developed over the past 60 years.

3

3

7

Compare anionic, cationic and non-ionic synthetic detergents in terms of their use and chemical composition and the impact that these detergents have had on the environment.

HSC central resources

2009

Chemistry

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Chemistry

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2010

Chemistry

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Chemistry

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2011

Chemistry

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