Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

MODUL

PRAKTIKUM
MIKROTIK

TEKNIK KOMPUTER
JARINGAN
XI TEKNIK KOMPUTER

SMK VINAMA 2
JARINGAN

SMK VINAMA 2

BEKASI UTARA
Konfigurasi Mikrotik
Tanpa Routerboard
Created BY : MUHAMMAD DARYONO
Konfigurasi Mikrotik via winbox dengan virtualbox
Software dan koneksi yang perlu disiapkan

1. Virtualbox
2. Winbox
3. Iso mikrotik 5.20
4. Iso Windows 7
5. Internet

Sistem operasi yang perlu disiapkan

1. Mikrotik router os 5.20


2. Windows 7 untuk server dan client

Tujuan Konfigurasi :

1. Internet gateway
2. Limit bandwith ( upload= 200kbps dan download=512kbps )
3. Bloking site (http://www.detik.com/)

Berikut Langkah-Langkahnya :

1. Install mikrotik router os 5.20


Setting Adapter
Adapter 1 : Bridge Adapter Adapter 2 : internal
Adapter type : Pcnet-FAST III Adapter type : Pcnet-FAST III
Promocious mode : allow all Promocious mode : allow all

2. Install windows 7 untuk server


Setting Adapter
Adapter 1 : internal
Adapter type : mt desktop
Promocious mode : allow all

3. Install windows 7 untuk client


Setting Adapter
Adapter 1 : internal
Adapter type : mt desktop
Promocious mode : allow all

4. Install driver virtualbox WINDOWS 7 SERVER


Device -> insert guest addtions CD image -> run VboxWindowsAddtions.exe -> yes -> next ->
next -> install –> tunggu beberapa saat -> install -> tunggu beberapa saat -> reboot now ->
finish

5. Menonaktifkan windows firewall WINDOWS 7 SERVER DAN CLIENT


Start -> control panel -> system and security -> windows firewall -> turn windows firewall on
or off -> pilih turn off windows firewall ( not recommended) pada home dan public -> ok
6. Mengaktifkan file sharing
Start -> control panel -> network and internet -> network and sharing center -> change
advanced sharing settings ->
- home or work -> turn on network discovery -> turn on file and printer sharing -> turn on
sharing so anyone with network access can read and write files in public folders -> use
128-bit encryption to help protect file sharing connection (recommended) -> turn off
password protected sharing -> allow windows to manage homegroup connections
(recommended).
- Public (current profile) -> turn on file and printer sharing -> turn on sharing so anyone
with network access can read and write files in public folders -> use 128-bit encryption to
help protect file sharing connection (recommended) -> turn off password protected
sharing

7. Membuat folder winbox di windows 7 PC


Klik kanan -> new folder -> berikan nama folder “ winbox dar”

8. Copy file winbox ke folder yang kalian buat

9. Share folder dari Windows asli ke windows 7 SERVER yang ada pada virtualbox

Device -> shared folders -> shared folders settings -> -> folder path -> other...->cari
folder yang berisikan file winbox pada windows asli-> select folder -> ceklis pada kolom read
only,auto-mount,make permanent -> ok -> ok

10. Mengambil file winbox dari windows asli ke windows 7 SERVER virtual
Start -> computer -> network -> VBOXSVR -> \\Vboxsvr\winbox -> copy winbox, lalu
pastekan pada desktop windows virtual.

11. Access winbox windows 7 SERVER virtual


Double Klik winbox -> ... -> pilih mac address ( 08:00:27:6D:79:CC ) / IP address 0.0.0.0 ->
connect -> tunggu beberapa saat
Tampilan winbox
12. Merubah nama identitas mikrotik
System -> Identity -> identity : daryono -> OK

13. Membuat User ID baru pada mikrotik


System -> User -> + ->
Name : m.daryono
Group : full
OK

14. Memberikan Password mikrotik


System -> User -> m.daryono -> password
New password : 1234
Confirm Password : 1234
OK

15. Mendisable User Admin


System -> User -> Admin -> X

16. Keluar dari Winbox


Exit

17. Login Kembali sebagai m.daryono


Double Klik winbox -> login : m.daryono -> Password : 1234 -> connect

18. Merename interface


Interfaces -> ether1 -> rubah menjadi Internet -> OK
ether2 -> rubah menjadi LAN -> OK

19. Memberikan ip
- IP -> Addresses -> + -> 192.168.43.2/24
Interface : Internet -> OK
- IP -> Addresses-> + -> 192.168.50.1/24
Interface : LAN -> OK

20. Memberikan ip dns


IP -> DNS -> Servers : 8.8.8.8
8.8.4.4
Ceklis kolom allow remote request -> OK

21. Memberikan ip route


IP -> Route -> Gateway : 192.168.43.1 -> OK

22. Memberikan firewall


IP -> Firewall -> NAT -> + -> Chain : srcnat -> Out.Interface : Internet -> Action : Masquerade
-> OK

23. Memberikan IP Address windows 7 server virtual


-> start -> control panel -> network and internet -> network and sharing center -> change
adapter setting -> local area connection -> klik kanan properties -> internet protocol version
4 (TCP/IPV4) -> properties ->
use the following (isikan ip isikan ip address) : (192.168.50.2)
subnet mask : (255.255.255.0)
gateway : (192.168.50.1)
use the following DNS Server
isikan preferred DNS Server : (8.8.8.8)
alternate DNS Server : (8.8.4.4)
ok -> close

24. Memberikan IP Address windows 7 client virtual


-> start -> control panel -> network and internet -> network and sharing center -> change
adapter setting -> local area connection -> klik kanan properties -> internet protocol version
4 (TCP/IPV4) -> properties ->
use the following (isikan ip isikan ip address) : (192.168.50.3)
subnet mask : (255.255.255.0)
gateway : (192.168.50.1)
use the following DNS Server
isikan preferred DNS Server : (8.8.8.8)
alternate DNS Server : (8.8.4.4)
ok -> close

25. Melimit Kecepatan download dan upload


Queses -> Simple Queses -> + -> name : queue-client -> target address : 192.168.50.3 -> pada
target uplod Max Limit : 200k -> pada target download 512k -> OK

26. Konfigurasi NTP & Clock Client


System -> SNTP Client -> ceklis pada kolom enabled -> mode : unicast -> Primary NTP Server :
id.pool.ntp.org -> apply -> OK
System -> Clock -> Time zone name : Asia/Jakarta -> apply -> OK

27. Test Koneksi via winbox


Buka winbox -> new terminal -> enter

28. Test Koneksi via cmd windows 7 server virtual


Start -> run -> cmd
29. Membuka browser windows 7 client

-> ask me later -> google ->


30. Mengaktifkan situs web proxy
IP -> Web Proxy -> General -> ceklis pada kolom enable -> klik pada kotak cache
administrator : ketik nama siswa -> OK

31. Membuat firewall untuk web proxy


IP -> Firewall -> Filter Ruler -> + -> General
Chain : input
Src.Address : 0.0.0.0
Protocol : 6 (tcp)
Dst.Port : 80
In.Interface : Internet
Action : drop -> OK

IP -> Firewall -> NAT -> + -> General


Chain : dstnat
Dst.Address : 192.168.43.1 (kolom dst address di centang)
Protocol : 6 (tcp)
Dst.Port : 80
In.Interface : LAN
Action : redirect
To.port : 8080 -> OK

Chain : dstnat
Dst.Address : 192.168.43.1 (kolom dst address di centang)
Protocol : 6 (tcp)
Dst.Port : 8080
In.Interface : LAN
Action : redirect
To.port : 8080 -> OK

Chain : dstnat
Dst.Address : 192.168.43.1 (kolom dst address di centang)
Protocol : 6 (tcp)
Dst.Port : 3128
In.Interface : LAN
Action : redirect
To.port : 8080 -> OK

Chain : dstnat
Dst.Address : 192.168.43.1 (kolom dst address di centang)
Protocol : 6 (tcp)
Dst.Port : 433
In.Interface : LAN
Action : redirect
To.port : 8080 -> OK

32. Blokir Situs di web proxy


IP -> Web Proxy -> access -> +
Dst.Port : 80
Dst.Host : *detik.com -> OK

33. Buka Situs web yang diblokir


Internet Explorer -> google -> detik.com
Jika Access denied berarti anda sudah berhasil memblokir situs detik.com

ERROR : FORBIDDEN

While trying to retrieve the URL http://www.detik.com/


 Access Denied

Your cache administrator is daryono@vinama2@sch.id

Generated Wed, 17 desember 10:12:13 GMT by 192.168.50.1 (Mikrotik Http Proxy)

Instalasi mikrotik router OS 5.20 divirtualbox

1. Klik new
2. Expert mode
3. Name : Mikrotik router OS 5.20 (nama siswa)
Type : other
Version : other/unknown
Memory size : 64 MB
Harddisk : Create a virtual hard disk now
4. Create
5. File size : 5,00 GB
Harddisk file type : VDI
Storage on physical harddisk : dynamically allocated
6. Create
7. Setting adapter mikrotik
8. Start
9. Klik gambar folder
10. Cari file iso mikrotik -> klik open
11. Pada welcome to mikrotik router software installation , tekan huruf A pada keyboard
A = memilih semua paket yang diinstal
12. Tekan huruf i pada keyboard
I = instal paket
13. pada kalimat “do you want to keep old configuration? y/n : . Kemudian tekan huruf y .
14. pada kalimat “warning : data on the disk will be erased! Continue ? y/n . kemudian tekan
huruf y
15. setelah slesai menginstal , remove iso mikrotik pada virtual
cara meremove = klik device -> cd/dvd drive -> remove disk from virtual drive
16. tekan enter untuk mereboot
17. kemudian login
username : admin
password :