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CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App.

Page
ENI - LASMO / VENEZUELA 0 16-Aug-02 KM HV ABA
LOCATION Radiation and Dispersion 1 10-Sep-02 KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD, Edo. ANZOATEGUI Calculations 1/5
UNIT VENT STACK
DED-1

INPUT DATA

GAS SOURCE DATA


Gas Stream Temperature °F 100.00
Mass Flow rate lb/h 51,750.00
Molar Rate lbmol/h 2,540.27
Flowing Pressure at Tip psia 16.70
% Pollutant 100.00%
Actual Volumetric Rate ACFS 253.89
MMSCFD 23.14
Velocity ft/s 323.26
Molecular Weight lb/lbmol 20.37
Specific Heat Ratio (Cp/Cv) - 1.26
Exposure time min 180.00

GAS SOURCE COMPOSITION EXPLOSION LIMITS


ppm
OSHA TLV Heating Pollutant
ppm VOL Value (10 min @
Molar % Mol. Wt. LOW VOL% HIGH VOL% (10 min) Btu/lb XGLCMAX)
C1 83.44% 16 5.00% 15.00% 23,990 32.67
C2 5.07% 30 3.00% 12.50% 22,181 1.99
C3 3.14% 44 2.10% 9.50% 21,489 1.23
iC4 0.93% 58 21,079 0.36
nC4 1.15% 58 1.60% 8.40% 21,136 0.45
iC5 0.38% 72 20,891 0.15
nC5 0.28% 72 1.50% 7.80% 20,923 0.11
nC6 0.22% 86 1.10% 7.50% 20,783 0.09
nC7 0.11% 100 1.05% 6.70% 20,679 0.04
nC8 0.05% 114 1.00% 6.50% 20,601 0.02
nC9 0.02% 128 0.80% 2.90% 20,543 0.01
nC10 142 20,494 -
nC11 156 -
nC12 170 -
nC12+ 0.03% 387.93 0.01
H2S 0.0050% 34 4.00% 44.00% 20 0.002
H2O 0.94% 18 - - - 0.37
Benzene 78 1.30% 7.90% 17,989 -
Toluene 92 1.10% 7.10% 18,250 -
Xylene 106 1.00% 7.00% 18,440 -
Nitrogen 0.31% 14 - - - 0.12
CO2 3.92% 44 - - - 1.53
CO 13% 74% -
NOx -

AVERAGE 100.00% 20.37 22,476.53 39.16

STACK DATA
Design Height Hf, ft 90
Internal Diameter ID, in 12
Stack Area ft2 0.79
Minimum Stack Height ft 50 PDVSA IR-P-01
Tallest Equipment Height ft 55
Minimum Recommended Stack Height ft 65 PDVSA IR-P-01
Minimum Horizontal Distance ft 50 PDVSA IR-P-01

AMBIENT CONDITIONS
Temperature °F 80
Max. Wind Velocity at Ground Level Uo m/s 2.70 (Normal: 1 - 6 m/s)
CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Page
ENI - LASMO / VENEZUELA 0 16-Aug-02 KM HV ABA
LOCATION Dispersion 1 10-Sep-02 KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD, Edo. ANZOATEGUI Analysis 2/5
UNIT VENT STACK
DED-1

Thermal Stability Class A B C D E F


0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.30
Velocity at Stack Level U, ft/s 2.99 3.14 3.31 3.48 3.66 3.66

R m 0.15 Stack Radius


V m/s 98.53 Effluent Gas Exit Velocity
T °K 310.78 Stack Gas Outlet Temperature
TA °K 299.67 Ambient Temperature
F 0.80 Briggs Floatation Factor
X* 12.19
S 0.0007 0.0011

Floatation DHmax m 6.08 5.78 5.49 5.22 16.67 13.84


Momentum DHmax m 30.15 28.67 27.26 25.91 1.75 1.92
Driving Phenomena Momentum Momentum Momentum Momentum Floatation Floatation

DHmax 30.15 28.67 27.26 25.91 16.67 13.84


X(DHmax) m 47.80 45.84 43.98 42.21 262.67 198.56

XDHmax a b c d
Thermal
Stability

A 47.80 0.03830 1.28100 0.49500 0.87300


B 45.84 0.13930 0.94670 0.31000 0.89700
C 43.98 0.11200 0.91000 0.19700 0.90800
D 42.21 0.08560 0.86500 0.12200 0.91600
E 262.67 0.10940 0.76570 0.09340 0.91200
F 198.56 0.05645 0.80500 0.06250 0.91100

Thermal Stability Class A B C D E F


H 30.15 28.67 27.26 25.91 16.67 13.84

XGLCMax m 148.84 195.34 286.49 486.39 425.13 580.67

XGLCMax a b c d
Thermal
Stability

A 148.84 0.03830 1.28100 0.49500 0.87300


B 195.34 0.13930 0.94670 0.31000 0.89700
C 286.49 0.11200 0.91000 0.19700 0.90800
D 486.39 0.08560 0.86500 0.12200 0.91600
E 425.13 0.10940 0.76570 0.09340 0.91200
F 580.67 0.19300 0.60720 0.06250 0.91100

Floatation DH m 13.97 15.92 19.54 26.44 22.98 28.29


Momentum DH m 44.02 46.46 50.89 58.52 53.92 59.82

DHmax corr m 30.15 28.67 27.26 25.91 16.67 13.84


Hcorr m 57.59 56.11 54.70 53.36 44.12 41.28

Q g/s 6,520.50
CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Page
ENI - LASMO / VENEZUELA 0 16-Aug-02 KM HV ABA
LOCATION Dispersion 0 10-Sep-02 KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD, Edo. ANZOATEGUI Analysis 3/5
UNIT VENT STACK
DED-1

Thermal Stability Class sy sz


Thermal
Stability

A 39.03 23.25
B 35.17 20.54
C 33.54 19.28
D 35.29 18.06
E 23.31 11.26
F 20.60 9.20

A B C D E F
DAY TIME CLOUDY NIGHT TIME
Extremely Moderately Slightly Slightly Moderately
MAX X10 Unstable Unstable Unstable Neutral Stable Stable
X10 ppm 39.16 39.16 24.10 19.11 13.10 1.11 0.14
XGLCMax m 148.84 195.34 286.49 486.39 425.13 580.67
R1 0.675 0.550 0.425 0.300 0.175 0.175
XT ppm 5.57 4.92 5.59 5.51 0.67 0.08

Wind Velocity vs. Max. Concentration at Grade level

Max. Wind Velocity at Ground Level MAX X10


160
ft ppm
140 0.44 145.09
120 1.66 93.21
XGLCmax (ppm)

4.98 83.19
100
8.86 39.16
80 12.46 13.43
60
40
20
0
- 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00
Wind velocity (f/sec)
CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Page
ENI - LASMO / VENEZUELA 0 ### KM HV ABA
LOCATION Radiation 1 ### KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD, Edo. ANZOATEGUI Calculation 4/5
UNIT VENT STACK
DED-1

UNITS
MATERIAL FLOWING HYDROCARBON

Fraction of
Heat
FLOW RATE 51,750 lb/h Radiated, F
AVERAGE MOL. WEIGHT 20.37 lb/lbmol Carbon Monoxide 0.075
GAS STREAM TEMPERATURE 100 °F Hydrogen 0.075
560.00 °R Hydrogen Sulfide 0.070
HEAT OF COMBUSTION 22,477 Btu/lb Ammonia 0.070
SPECIFIC HEAT RATIO 1.26 Methane 0.100
FLOWING PRESSURE AT Propane 0.110
FLARE TIP 16.70 psia Butane 0.120
DESIGN WIND VELOCITY 9.15 m/s Ethylene 0.120
20.50 mi/h Propylene 0.130
FRACTION OF HEAT
RADIATED, F 0.14 (Note 1) NOTES:
BTU/ft2 FLARE RADIATION 772 (Note 2) (1500-Solar Rad.) 1) - According to GPSA, max value is 0.14
R (FLARE RADIATION) 100 ft
SOLAR RADIATION (BTU/hft2) 288 BTU/h ft2 2) - Btu/ft2 h of Flare Radiation for this case can be
assumed as 1500 Btu/h ft2 (300 Btu/h ft2 for so-
lar + 1200 Btu/h ft2 for net radiation) (PDVSA 90616.1.021)

1 - FLARE / VENT DIAMETER

MACH Flare ID Flare Nominal


NUMBER Flare ID (ft) (in) Diameter (in)
0.15 1.27 15.25 16 Note: Adjust to Mach 0.2 / 0.5 for Design
0.25 1.00 12.00 12

2 - FLAME LENGTH

Heat Released 1,163,160,676 Btu/h


Flame Length 128.15 ft

3 - FLAME DISTORTION CAUSED BY WIND VELOCITY

VAPOR FLOW RATE 253.89 ACFS Mach Number


FLARE TIP EXIT VELOCITY (Uj) 200.16 ft/s 0.15
323.26 ft/s 0.25
WIND VELOCITY (U¥) 30.01 ft/s

FLAME DISTORTION
Mach
U¥/Uj Number S Dx/L S Dy/L SDx SDy
0.15 0.15 0.86 0.36 110.40 45.72 Note: Per API RP521 p. 39
0.09 0.25 0.79 0.46 101.38 59.55

4 - DISTANCE FROM THE FLAME CENTER TO GRADE-LEVEL BOUNDARY

DISTANCE (D) 129.56 ft

5 - FLARE / VENT STACK HEIGHT (H)

R' 44.80 ft
H' 121.57 ft
Flare Stack Height 98.71 ft Mach Number 0.15
Flare Internal Diameter 15.25 in

R' 49.31 ft
H' 119.81 ft
Flare Stack Height 90.04 ft Mach Number 0.25
Flare Internal Diameter 12.00 in
CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Page
ENI - LASMO / VENEZUELA 0 ### KM HV ABA
LOCATION Radiation 1 ### KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD, Edo. ANZOATEGUI Calculation 5/5
UNIT VENT STACK
DED-1

d (in) SDx (ft)


16 110.40
12 101.38
SDx

d (in) SDy (ft)


16 45.72
SDy
12 59.55

d H' D
d (in) H (ft)
16 98.71 H
12 90.04

R (ft)
100

Height vs Radiation Sterile Radius

120
R (FLARE RADIATION) R´ H¨ Flare Stack HeiFlare Stack Height
FT ft ft ft
100 50 -1 130 100
75 24 127 97
80 100 49 120 90
125 74 106 76
Height (ft)

150 99 83 53
60
170 119 51 21

40

20

0
40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180

Radiation Radius (ft)


STACK FUEL GAS REQUIREMENTS CALCULATION
WITHOUT MOLECULAR SEAL

Flare Tip F inch 12.00


Mol. Weight lb/lbmol 20.37

Fuel Gas Flow MSCFD 1.57

WITH MOLECULAR SEAL

Gas Velocity Gas Flow Flare Tip


ft/s MSCFD ID, in
0.01 0.40 10.00
4.00 30.00
Fuel Gas Flow 0.76 12.00
Doc. Nr. Rev.
1051-05-30-P09-ESP-001 1

Page
CLIENT: ENI - LASMO VENEZUELA
LOCATION: DACION FIELD - EDO. ANZOATEGUI
UNIT: DED-1 "FLOW STATION"
A
EQUIPMENT: VENT STACK PACKAGE
TAG: 61-U-40001

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Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Rev. Date By Chkd. App.
0 16-Aug-02 KM HV ABA 5
1 10-Sep-02 KM MM ABA 6
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Document revisions

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL DATA

Page 3 of 30 392486891.xls
Doc. Nr. Rev.
1051-05-30-P09-ESP-001 1

CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Page


VENT STACK
ENI - LASMO VENEZUELA PACKAGE 0 16-Aug-02 KM HV ABA
LOCATION 1 10-Sep-02 KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD - EDO. ANZOATEGUI 2 1/2
UNIT 3
DED-1 " FLOW STATION"
61-U-40001 4
1 ITEM 61-U-40001
2 NUMBER OF ITEMS 1
3 TITLE VENT PACKAGE
4 FLUID GAS
5 CASE
6
7 OPERATING CONDITIONS CASE 1 CASE 2 CASE 3
8
9
10 FLOWRATE lb/h 51,750
11 VOLUMETRIC FLOW MMSCFD 23.14
12 MOLECULAR WEIGHT 20.37
13 LOWER HEATING VALUE Btu/lb 22,477
14 SUPPLY PRESSURE @ RISER BOTTOM Psig 2.00
15 TEMPERATURE °F 100.00
16
17 COMPOSITION % mol
18 C1 83.44%
19 C2 5.07%
20 C3 3.14%
21 iC4 0.93%
22 nC4 1.15%
23 iC5 0.38%
24 nC5 0.28%
25 nC6 0.22%
26 nC7 0.11%
27 nC8 0.05%
28 nC9 0.02%
29 nC10 0.00%
30 nC11 0.00%
31 nC12 0.00%
32 nC12+ 0.03%
33 H2S 0.01%
34 H2O 0.94%
35 N2 0.31%
36 CO2 3.92%
37
38
39 CONTINUOS DISCHARGE YES/NO
40 DESIGN BASIS
41
42 MAXIMUM PRESSURE AT STACK BASE 2 psig
43
44 DESIGN TEMPERATURE 200 °F NOTE 8 1
45
46 PRESSURE DROP AT MAX. FLOWRATE (stack + seal) 2 psi
47
48 TIP MATERIAL Carbon steel suitable
1
49
50 ELEVATION OF STACK 90 ft NOTE 1
51
52 STACK DIAMETER 12 in NOTE 1
53
54 NOISE NOTE 4
55
56 MAXIMUM RADIATION
57 AT BASE OF STACK, ON GROUND LEVEL: 1500 Btu/hr*ft^2 NOTE 7
58 SAFETY RADIUS: 100 ft
59
60

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL DATA

Page 4 of 30 392486891.xls, Rev.1.0


Doc. Nr. Rev.
1051-05-30-P09-ESP-001 1

CLIENT Rev. Date By Chkd. App. Page


ENI - LASMO VENEZUELA VENT STACK PACKAGE 0 16-Aug-02 KM HV ABA
LOCATION 1 10-Sep-02 KM MM ABA
DACION FIELD - EDO. ANZOATEGUI 2 2/2
UNIT 61-U-40001 3
DED-1 "FLOW STATION" 4

1 AVAILABLE UTILITIES AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS


2 ALTITUDE 600 ft (ABOVE SEA LEVEL) NOTE 6
3
4 MIN. - MEAN - MAX. TEMPERATURE 68 / 80 / 102 °F
5 WIND VELOCITY AVERAGE 9 ft/sec
6 DESIGN 30 ft/sec NOTE 5
7
8 RELATIVE HUMIDITY 78 % NOTE 6
9
10 SOLAR RADIATION 288 (Btu/hr/ft2)
11
12 RAINFALL 1060 (yearly average) (mm) NOTE 6
13
14 SEISMIC ZONE UBC Zone 3 NOTE 6
15
16
17
18
19 SCOPE SUPPLY
20 VENT TIP
21 CO2 SNUFFING SKID
22 SUPPORT STRUCTURE
23 MOLECULAR SEAL 1
24
25
26
27
28 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS:
29
30 1.-A 2" blinded drain valve shall be fitted at the bottom elbow in the stack riser.
31 2.-Vendor is to offer a manually operated CO2 snuffing system for the atmospheric vent, sized on extinguishing ignited vent at normal purge rate.
32 3.-Vent dispersion profiles must be supplied with the bid for 20%, 50% and 100% LEL at wind speeds 0-30 ft/sec.
33 4.- Vendor is to propose extra means for cooling the tip in case of fire. 1
34 5.- Vendor to supply purge gas requirements. 1
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42 NOTES:
43 1.- To be confirmed by vendor. Based on Mach N° and radiation levels. 1
44 2.- Vent headers are continuous purged with hydrocarbon gas, however vendor is to offer a molecular seal case to minimize air
45 ingress in the event of purge failure.
46 3.- Vent is to be located in an area of high lightning activity and accidental ignition of the vent gases should be considered.
47 4.- Vendor to advise (max. 85 dBA at grade level).
1
48 5.- According to API 521.
49 6.- Pending confirmation by Civil.
50 7.- Solar Radiation Included
51 8.- Vendor to consider a fire scenario in stack tip for its mechanical design. 1
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

PROPRIETARY AND CONFIDENTIAL DATA

Page 5 of 30 392486891.xls, Rev.1.0