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Carbon to Nitrogen Ratio calculation

Find the material being composted in column B


Estimate the weight of the material being added to the pile.
Enter the weight of the material on the same line, column I
Enter as many materials as you are adding to the pile.

The example shown shows a fall compost pile of leaves and grass clippings
Fresh grass clippings contain a lot of water where dry leaves contain very little water, thus y

Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio of Compost Mixture is 54 :1

Material Type of Value %N C:N ratio


Nn R

Alfafa pellets Typical 2.70 15


Blood meal Typical 13.00 3
Bark-hardwoods Average 0.24 223
Bark-softwoods Average 0.14 496
Cattle manure Average 2.40 19
Coffee grounds Typical 2.00 20
Corn cobs Average 0.60 98
Corn stalks Typical 0.70 66
Corrugated cardboard Typical 0.10 563
Cottonseed meal Typical 7.70 7
Crab and Lobster Wastes Average 6.10 5
Cull potatoes Typical 0.35 18
Dried blood Typical 13.50 3
Fruit wastes Average 1.40 40
Grass clippings Average 3.40 17
Hay Average 2.10 16
Horse manure Average 1.60 30
Laying hens manure Average 8.00 6
Leaves (Compacted and moist) Typical 0.90 54
Leaves (Loose and dry) Typical 0.90 54
Lumbermill waste Typical 0.13 170
Newsprint Typical 0.10 582
Olive husks Typical 1.30 33
Potato tops Typical 1.50 25
Rice hulls Average 0.30 121
Sawdust Average 0.24 442
Seaweed Average 1.90 17
Sheep manure Average 2.70 16
Shrub trimmings Typical 1.00 53
Soybean meal Typical 7.40 5
Straw Average 0.70 80
Telephone books Typical 0.70 772
Tree trimmings Typical 3.10 16
Vegetable produce Typical 2.70 19
Vegetable wastes Typical 3.30 12
Wood-hardwoods (chips, shavings,Average 0.09 560
Wood-softwoods (chips, shavings,Average 0.09 641
10-10-10 fertilizer 10.00 0
Urea (42-0-0) 42.00 0
5-10-5 Fertilizer 5.00 0

Reprinted with permission from On-Farm Composting Handbook (NRAES-54). ©1992 by N


URL http://www.cals.cornell.edu/dept/compost/OnFarmHandbook/apa.taba1.html
ss clippings
ntain very little water, thus you will be adding a lot more leaves than grass clippings by volume

Bulk Density
%C Moisture Content % (pounds per cubic yard) (Qn)
Cn Mn Pounds of Material

41 0
43 0
54 0 -
69 0 -
46 81 1458
40 80 -
59 15 557
46 12 32
56 8 259
54 0 -
30 47
6 78 1540
43 10
56 80 -
58 82 -
34 0 -
48 72 1379
48 69 1479
49 38 450
49 38 200 100
22 0 -
58 5 217
43 9 -
38 0 -
36 14 202
106 39 410
32 53 -
43 69 -
53 15 429
37 0 -
56 12 227
540 6 250
50 70 1296
51 87 1585
40 80 -
50 0 -
58 0 -
0 0
0 0
0 0

k (NRAES-54). ©1992 by NRAES (Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service). All rights reserved. For more
k/apa.taba1.html
Qn(Cn x (100-Mn)) Qn(Nn x (100-Mn))
Numerator Denominator

0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
301320 5580
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 0

Total Carbon Total Nitrogen


301320 5580

ce). All rights reserved. For more information, please contact NRAES, (607)255-7654, or nraes@cornell.edu.
, or nraes@cornell.edu.