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ANSWER KEY

ANSWER KEY

SECTION 1 Modernization Part B | Urbanization and Industrialization

Part A | Modern History unit 7 The History of Urbanization


1. (D) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (C)
unit 1 Towards the City
5. (A), (D), (E)
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (B)
5. (B), (D), (E) unit 8 Industrialization
1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D)
unit 2 Deforestation and Land Clearing
5. (E) and (G) are not used.
1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (A)
5. (A), (E), (F)
Revolutions Statements
unit 3 The Benefits of Urbanization Select 2
1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (C) First Industrial ●
(B) Occurred in England
5. (B) and (F) are not used. Revolution ●
(C) Important early invention was the steam
engine
Lifestyles Statements
Select 3
Select 3
Second ●
(A) Occurred in the United States

(C) Efficiently run
Urban Industrial ●
(D) Important early invention was the cotton

(D) Convenient lifestyle
Revolution gin

(G) Many cultural events

(F) Society encouraged innovation
Select 2

Rural

(A) Few economic opportunities
unit 9 Public Transportation

(E) Limited goods and services
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (B) 4. (C)
5. (C) and (E) are not used.
unit 4 Factories: Mass Production
1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (A) 4. (C) Public Transports Statements
5. (B), (C), (F) Select 2

unit 5 Changes in Agriculture and Food Production



(B) Grooved and embedded designs

1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (D) 4. (B) Streetcars greatly increase utility

5. (C) and (F) are not used.



(F) Steam power replaced by
adaptations for electrical power
Production Types Statements
Select 3
Select 3 ●
(G) Official policies contribute to decline

(B) Sprays crops with chemical to in public usage
Modern
Rural protect them from pests ●
(D) Most common usage involves
Developments

(D) Threatens biodiversity systems built under the ground

(E) Yields larger crops ●
(A) Individual vehicles more common

Select 2 and popular than public transport



(A) Utilizes crop rotation to protect soil
Organic nutrients

(G) Takes a holistic approach to
farming

unit 6 Keeping Cities Safe


1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (B) 4. (D)
5. (B), (C), (F)

178
unit 10 Animal Rights unit 14 Culture and Technology
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (A) 1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (B)
5. (A) and (B) are not used. 5. (B), (D), (F)

Time Periods Statements unit 15 Fast Food


1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (D)
Select 2
5. (A), (B), (F)

(D) Pythagoras argued that animals should
Before 1824 be treated the same as people.

(F) A philosopher stated that animals have Part B | Social Behavior
no thoughts or feelings.
unit 16 Self-Help Books and Support Groups
Select 3 1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (A)

(E) PETA was founded. 5. (B), (C), (F)

(G) A group attempted to secure rights for
Since 1970 unit 17 Feminism and Women’s Rights
the great apes.
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (A)

(C) The book, Animal Liberation, became
5. (C) and (F) are not used.
the bible for animal rights supporters.

Waves Statements
unit 11 Social Security Systems
Select 2
1. (D) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (B) ●
(A) Focused on tangible problems
5. (B), (D), (E) First Wave

(E) Both women and men lobbied for
suffrage

Select 3
SECTION 2 Sociology ●
(B) Examined abstract concepts
Second Wave ●
(D) Birth control gave women control over
Part A | Society and Culture
their bodies
unit 12 Newspapers ●
(G) Gender stereotypes were challenged
1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (D)
5. (B) and (F) are not used. unit 18 Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (A)
Competition Statements
5. (B) and (E) are not used.
Select 2

(A) Was the first invention to seriously Effects of
Statements
Radio threaten newspapers’ readership Substance Abuse

(E) Newspapers responded to it by making Select 3
articles longer and more in-depth ●
(D) Users believe they cannot function
Select 3 normally without the substance
Physical

(C) Was an invention that the newspaper ●
(F) Rehabilitation involves counseling
could utilize ●
(G) Rehabilitation involves
Internet ●
(D) Allowed news reporting to keep up with detoxification
news has it unfolds Select 2

(G) Was not pure competition for ●
(A) Body builds a tolerance to the
newspapers Psychological substance

(C) User experiences withdrawal when
unit 13 Television Addiction denied substance
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (B) 4. (C)
5. (A), (C), (D)

Answer Key 179


ANSWER KEY
unit 19 Multicultural Society unit 22 Adoption
1. (C) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (B) 1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (C)
5. (B) and (D) are not used. 5. (B) and (G) are not used.

Countries Statements Adoptions Statements

Select 2 Select 3

(A) Never officially adopted a policy of ●
(A) Common from the 1940s to the 1980s
United States
multiculturalism ●
(D) Biological parent can receive letters

(F) Described as a melting pot Open and pictures in the mail

Select 3

(E) Biological mother does not know where

(C) Has two official languages child lives but can keep in touch through an
Canada intermediary

(E) Has a large French population

(G) Described as a mosaic Select 2

(C) Birth records are sealed when adoption
Closed is complete
Part C | Family ●
(F) Child may grow up believing his

unit 20 Nuclear, Extended, and Nontraditional Families adoptive parents are his biological parents

1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (C)


5. (A) and (C) are not used.
Part D | Demography

Family Types Statements


unit 23 Neighborhoods
Select 2 1. (D) 2. (A) 3. (A) 4. (B)

(B) An unplanned pregnancy results in a 5. (A) and (D) are not used.
couple splitting up and the woman moving
Extended in with her parents to raise her child. Neighborhoods Statements

(D) A man and his wife decide to add a Select 3
room to their home so his mother can move ●
(C) Dilapidated buildings
Poor
in and help with the kids. ●
(E) High crime rates

Select 3

(F) Schools lack resources

(E) A lesbian couple gets married and Select 2
Middle-class
adopts a child ●
(B) Large houses with large yards
or Wealthy

(F) A man becomes a single father when ●
(G) High police-population ratio
Nontraditional
his wife is killed in a car accident.

(G) A single mother of two marries a single unit 24 World Population Trends
father of one and they have a fourth child 1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (B) 4. (D)
together. 5. (C) and (G) are not used.

Countries Statements
unit 21 Divorce and Remarriage
1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (A) Select 2
5. (B), (C), (F) Developing ●
(B) Fertility rates below replacement level
Countries ●
(E) Improved status of women led to
decreased fertility rates

Select 3

(A) Most population growth
Developed

(D) Comprise most of world’s population
Countries

(G) Improved status of women led to
decreased fertility rates
180
unit 25 New Urbanism Part F | Education
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (B)
unit 29 Kindergarten
5. (E) and (F) are not used.
1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (A)

Neighborhoods Statements 5. (A), (D), (E)

Select 3 unit 30 Primary School


Mixed-use ●
(B) Promote diversity 1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D)
Neighborhoods ●
(C) Make amenities accessible 5. (C), (E), (F)

(D) Encourage walking and cycling
unit 31 Educating Teens
Select 2 1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (A)

(A) Cause of urban sprawl 5. (B) and (F) are not used.
Suburbs

(G) Residents spend a lot of time traveling
in cars Schools Statements

Select 2
Middle ●
(D) Integrated study is essential.
Part E | Child Development
School ●
(E) Competition is minimized and
unit 26 Pre-natal Development, Birth, and Infancy cooperation encouraged.
1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (A) Select 3
5. (F) and (G) are not used. ●
(A) Students choose which courses to study.
High ●
(C) Each class is made up of a different
Trimesters Statements
School group of students.
Select 2 ●
(G) Students attain a command of general
First

(A) Skeleton and organs develop knowledge.
Trimester

(D) Genitalia form

Select 3 unit 32 College and University


Second ●
(B) Hair grows on thin layer of skin 1. (D) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (A)
Trimester ●
(C) Heartbeat becomes audible 5. (B) and (G) are not used.

(E) Movements felt by mother
University
Statements
Programs
unit 27 Childhood
1. (A) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (D) Select 2

5. (A) and (E) are not used.



(C) Students earn a Bachelor’s degree
Undergraduate upon completion.
Stages Statements ●
(F) Sophomores choose a major on which
Select 3 to focus.

(C) Learns to walk Select 3
Toddler

(D) Speaks in one-word sentences ●
(A) Students can first earn a Master’s

(G) Throws temper tantrums degree and then a Ph.D.
Select 2 Postgraduate ●
(D) Students’ research findings are
Early

(B) Becomes more imaginative published in journals.
Childhood

(F) Asks a lot of questions ●
(E) Students gain teaching experience
and often remain in an academic setting.

unit 28 Puberty
1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (B)
5. (A), (C), (E)

Answer Key 181


ANSWER KEY

SECTION 3 Physics unit 35 Newton’s Laws of Motion


1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (A)
Part A | Energy and Forces 5. (C) and (D) are not used.

unit 33 Gravity Laws Statements


1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (A)
Select 2
5. (A) and (F) are not used.

(B) States an object at rest will not move
Scientists Statements Law 1 unless a force acts on it

(G) An object in motion will keep going until
Select 2
a force acts on it

(D) Explained that heavier objects naturally
Aristotle fall faster than lighter objects Select 2

(G) Said gravity worked because earth is ●
(A) Can be used to calculate the effect of
the heaviest element Law 2 wind on a moving baseball

(E) Used to measure the acceleration of an
Select 3
object based on force and mass

(B) Described gravity as a force acting
between any two objects Select 1

Newton ●
(C) First described the effects of gravity Law 3 ●
(F) Describes why a person feels a kick
using mathematics when firing a gun

(E) Built on the experiments recently
conducted by Galileo unit 36 Thermodynamics
1. (B) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D)
5. (C) and (D) are not used.
unit 34 Planetary Orbits
1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D) Laws Statements
5. (A) and (E) are not used.
Select 2
Planetary Theories Statements ●
(B) All of the energy in a system is used.
First

(G) A machine that can make energy
Select 2
endlessly from nothing is not possible.

(B) The Earth is the center of
everything and the planets revolve Select 2
Traditional
around it. ●
(A) All systems will accelerate toward a

(G) The planets, including the moon Second state of equilibrium.
and sun, have circular orbits. ●
(E) On a warm day, snow melts faster and
faster until it reaches air temperature.
Select 3

(C) This theory was not accepted by Select 1
the great thinkers Galileo and Third ●
(F) Entropy works more slowly at extremely

Keplerian/ Descartes. cold temperatures

Copernican ●
(D) The Earth and the other planets
orbit around the sun.
Part B | Electricity and Magnetism

(F) Planets have an elliptical orbit with
the sun at one focus. unit 37 Benjamin Franklin
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (A)
5. (A), (B), (F)

unit 38 Electrical Generation


1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (C)
5. (A), (D), (C)

182
unit 39 The Principles of Magnetism unit 42 Particle or Wave?
1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (B) 1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (D) 4. (A)
5. (C) and (D) are not used. 5. (A) and (E) are not used.

Magnets Statements Particle or Wave Statements

Select 2 Select 2
Permanent ●
(B) Has one north and one south pole on ●
(D) Explained reflection and refraction
Magnets each end Particle in terms of corpuscles

(E) First historical example is the lodestone ●
(F) Dominant for 100 years thanks to

Select 3 Newton’s reputation



(A) Can be fashioned from loops of wire Select 2
Electromagnets ●
(F) Can be switched on and off ●
(B) Enjoyed reaffirmation with

(G) The direction of its field can be Wave Maxwell’s classification of light
discovered using the right-hand rule ●
(G) Revived after Thomas Young’s
double-slit experiment

unit 40 The Compass Select 1


Particle/Wave
1. (C) 2. (A) 3. (C) 4. (B) ●
(C) Makes use of the Latin term
Duality
5. (A), (E), (F) quantum and the Greek term photon

Part C | Light and Optics Part D | Particle Physics

unit 41 Light and Color unit 43 Splitting the Atom


1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (A) 1. (B) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D)
5. (B) and (E) are not used. 5. (A), (D), (E)

Scientists Statements unit 44 Nuclear Energy


1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (D) 4. (A)
Select 2
5. (B) and (G) are not used.

(C) Light comes from different points all
Ibn over an object.
Nuclear Power Issue Statements
al-Haytham ●
(G) Offered the first mathematical
Select 3
description of light’s reflection and

(A) Contributed to negative public
refraction.
perceptions in the late twentieth
Select 3
century

(A) The visual aspects of light can be Meltdown

(C) Causes problems when core
explained with two properties.
Modern heat exceeds the safety threshold

(D) Objects are different colors depending
Scientists

(F) Caused the death of 28 people
on the part of light that is reflected.
from radiation

(F) White light actually contains all of the
Select 2
colors in it

(D) Persists for up to 10,000 years
Waste

(E) Current proposals involve the
Yucca Mountain ridge in Nevada

Answer Key 183


ANSWER KEY
Part E | Astronomy Part B | Management

unit 45 The Solar System unit 53 Leadership and Management


1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (A) 1. (D) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (A)
5. (B), (D), (E) 5. (A) and (F) are not used.

unit 46 Comets and Meteors Manager or Leader Statements


1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (D)
Select 2
5. (A) and (E) are not used.
Leader ●
(C) Relies on proven methods
Theories Statements ●
(D) Takes credit for successes

Select 3 Select 3

(D) Comets are phenomena occurring in ●
(B) Has a vision
Manager
the upper atmosphere. ●
(E) Inspires passion in others
Aristotle

(F) Comets are classified in a group with ●
(G) Takes responsibility for failures
the Northern Lights and Milky Way.

(G) Comets can occur anywhere in the sky. unit 54 Corporate Ethics
Select 2 1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (C)

(B) Comets come from a cloud of ice that 5. (B), (D), (E)
Modern has never been seen. unit 55 Mergers and Monopoly

(C) Comets move in a curved line called a 1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (B)
parabola. 5. (C), (E), (F)

unit 56 Business Partnerships


unit 47 The Constellations
1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (C) 4. (A)
1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (B) 4. (A)
5. (A) and (D) are not used.
5. (A), (D), (F)

unit 48 The Hubble Telescope Partnerships Statements

1. (B) 2. (A) 3. (D) 4. (C) Select 2


5. (A), (E), (F) General ●
(C) Not necessarily registered with the
Partnership state

(E) Can be informal

SECTION 4 Business Select 3



(B) Only one partner manages the
Part A | Business Icons Limited
business
Partnership

(F) Partners have unequal status
unit 49 Donald Trump

(G) One partner is a passive investor
1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (C)
5. (B), (C), (F)

unit 50 Estée Lauder


1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (B) 4. (D)
5. (A), (D), (F)

unit 51 Richard Branson


1. (C) 2. (A) 3. (B) 4. (C)
5. (A), (C), (E)

unit 52 Oprah Winfrey


1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (A)
5. (A), (C), (F)

184
Part C | Business Communication unit 62 The Stock Market
1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (A)
unit 57 Office Communication
5. (A) and (C) are not used.
1. (C) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (A)
5. (A) and (F) are not used. Markets Statements

Select 2
Types of
Statements New York Stock ●
(B) Located in a building
Communication
Exchange ●
(D) Sellers and buyers are matched by a
Select 2
specialist
Memos ●
(C) Written clearly and concisely
Select 3

(E) Takes the most time

(E) Sellers and buyers are matched by a
Select 2
Nasdaq market maker

(D) Wastes time because of sloppy ●
(F) Lists many high tech companies
Email messages ●
(G) Virtual marketplace

(G) Sends messages without wasting
paper
unit 63 The Wall Street Journal
Select 1 1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (A)
Chat ●
(B) Allows a conference in real time 5. (A), (B), (D)
without leaving computer
unit 64 Currency and Banking
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (C)
unit 58 Presentations, Seminars, and Conferences
5. (B), (C), (E)
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (B)
5. (C), (E), (F)

unit 59 Successful Communication in the Business World


1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (C)
SECTION 5 Art and Music
5. (A), (B), (D)
Part A | Techniques
unit 60 Human Resources
unit 65 Body Art of the Maori
1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (B)
1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (A)
5. (C), (D), (E)
5. (D) and (G) are not used.

Part D | Advertising and Finance Types Statements

Select 3
unit 61 The World of Advertising ●
(B) Uses albatross bones to carve the skin
1. (D) 2. (A) 3. (B) 4. (C) Traditional

(E) Carves large grooves into the skin
5. (B), (C), (E) Ta moko

(F) Is a rite of passage among high status
people

Select 2
Tattoo ●
(A) Uses needles to puncture the skin

(C) Leaves skin smooth and colored

unit 66 Pigment, Dyes, and Paint


1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (B)
5. (A), (E), (F)

Answer Key 185


ANSWER KEY
unit 67 The Art of Weaving Part C | Music and Music History
1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (A)
unit 73 Famous Composers
5. (A), (B), (E)
1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (A)
unit 68 Beautiful Batik
5. (A) and (G) are not used.
1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (C)
5. (B), (C), (E) Composers Statements

Select 2

Part B | Art History



(D) Considered to have written the
Bach masterwork for combining melodies
unit 69 Expressionism ●
(F) Took influences from styles all over
1. (C) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (B) Europe
5. (A) and (D) are not used.
Select 2

Types of

(B) Later works showed some similarities
Statements Mozart with twentieth-century developments
Expressionism

(C) Compositions including religious and
Select 3
dance

(C) Artist’s emotional state is represented
Gesture Select 1
in the finished product
Painting Beethoven ●
(E) Composed around the time of the

(E) Popular in the 1940s and 1950s

(G) Artist works spontaneously beginning of the Romantic period

Select 2
unit 74 The Piano and the Violin
Color-field ●
(B) Painter works in a deliberate and
1. (D) 2. (B) 3. (A) 4. (C)
Painting calculated way
5. (E) and (G) are not used.

(F) Considered intelligent and articulate
Instruments Statements
unit 70 Sculpture Select 3
1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (C) ●
(A) Originally developed from an innovation
5. (C), (E), (F) in volume control

unit 71 Mosaics Piano ●


(C) More and more notes were added

1. (A) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (C) during its development

5. (B) and (F) are not used.



(D) Often used to compose music because
it can combine many notes
Mosaics Statements
Select 2
Select 2 ●
(B) Prized as a performance instrument for
Eastern ●
(A) Features religious imagery Violin its powerful and rich tone

(E) Commonly uses glass ●
(F) Best ones built by families in the

Select 3 seventeenth and eighteenth centuries



(C) Uses geometric patterns
Islamic ●
(D) Mainly uses ceramics unit 75 The Orchestra

(G) Brought to Spain and Portugal by the 1. (C) 2. (B) 3. (C) 4. (D)
Moors 5. (B), (C), (F)

unit 72 The Development of Portraits


1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (D)
5. (A), (E), (C)

186
unit 76 Jazz Part E | Photography
1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (D) 4. (B)
unit 79 The Story of the Camera
5. (A) and (E) are not used.
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (B) 4. (A)
Eras Statements 5. (D) and (G) are not used.

Select 3
Time Periods Statements

(C) Dixieland music mixes marching band
Select 2
styles with blues.

(C) The first portable camera obscura was
Prior to 1940 ●
(F) Gypsy jazz is developed in Europe by Before the
invented in Germany.
adding elements of French music. 1830s

(E) Drawings and descriptions of devices

(G) Louis Armstrong develops skat that
were used for producing images.
later influenced many famous singers.
Select 3
Select 2

(A) The daguerreotype photographic

(B) Musicians like Charlie Parker and Dizzy
1940s process was developed.
Gillespie pioneer bebop. 1830
and 1950s ●
(B) Demand for cheaper family portraits

(D) Rock n’ roll is born from jazz, as is to 1900
helped drive photography market.
more serious avant-garde.

(F) Eastman managed invention and
production of the first film cameras.
Part D | Theater Arts
unit 80 Cinematography
unit 77 On the Stage
1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (A)
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (A) 4. (B)
5. (B), (D), (F)
5. (C), (D), (F)

unit 78 Isadora Duncan


1. (B) 2. (C) 3. (B) 4. (A)
5. (B), (D), (F)

Answer Key 187