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NRCS Log-Pearson Frequency Analysis Spreadsheet, Version TAE, 5/2005.

Project: Class Example


Streamgage: Dorwin
Date: 8/10/2004 Performed By:

Without Generalized Skew Recurrence Percent


Interval(2) Chance
Average: 6.2119 (years)
Standard Deviation: 1.552188851 200 0.5 16 -0.500 -0.400 2.108
Skew Coefficient
###: -0.425087982
(1)
100 1 16 -0.500 -0.400 1.955
50 2 16 -0.500 -0.400 1.777
Length of systematic record: 36 25 4 16 -0.500 -0.400 1.567
Number of historic peaks: 0 10 10 16 -0.500 -0.400 1.216
Length of Data Record: 36 5 20 16 -0.500 -0.400 0.856
Length of Historic Record:(5) ---- 2 50 16 -0.500 -0.400 0.083
1.25 80 16 -0.500 -0.400 -0.808
1.05 95.238095 16 -0.500 -0.400 -1.774
With Generalized Skew 1.04 96.153846 16 -0.500 -0.400 -1.910
1.03 97.087379 16 -0.500 -0.400 -2.185
Generalized Skew Coefficient(3): 0.4000 1.02 98.039216 16 -0.500 -0.400 -2.311
Variance of Generalized Skew(3): 0.3020 1.01 99.009901 16 -0.500 -0.400 -2.686
A: -0.295993 1.005 99.502488 16 -0.500 -0.400 -3.041
B: 0.829477 1.002 99.800399 16 -0.500 -0.400 -3.487
station skew: -0.425088 1.001 99.9001 16 -0.500 -0.400 -3.811
MSE Station Skew: 0.174810228 1.0005 99.950025 16 -0.500 -0.400 -4.124
Weighted skew coefficient###
(1)
: -0.122590657 1.0001 99.990001 16 -0.500 -0.400 -4.821

x y
33 1.05
83 1.1429889 Recurrence Percent
141 1.25 -0.4 Interval(2) Chance
-0.4 (years)
200 0.5 19 -0.200 -0.100 2.388
100 1 19 -0.200 -0.100 2.178
50 2 19 -0.200 -0.100 1.945
25 4 19 -0.200 -0.100 1.680
10 10 19 -0.200 -0.100 1.258
5 20 19 -0.200 -0.100 0.850
2 50 19 -0.200 -0.100 0.033
1.25 80 19 -0.200 -0.100 -0.830
1.05 95.238095 19 -0.200 -0.100 -1.700
1.04 96.153846 19 -0.200 -0.100 -1.818
1.03 97.087379 19 -0.200 -0.100 -2.053
1.02 98.039216 19 -0.200 -0.100 -2.159
1.01 99.009901 19 -0.200 -0.100 -2.472
1.005 99.502488 19 -0.200 -0.100 -2.763
1.002 99.800399 19 -0.200 -0.100 -3.122
1.001 99.9001 19 -0.200 -0.100 -3.377
1.0005 99.950025 19 -0.200 -0.100 -3.621
1.0001 99.990001 19 -0.200 -0.100 -4.153
(1) Station and generalized skews must be between -2.00 and +3.00 in this spreadsheet.
(2) Considering the relatively short length of most gage records, less frequent peak estimates need to be used with considerable care.
(3) Computed one of four ways (see "generalized skew coefficient" worksheet): Mean and variance (standard deviation 2)
of station skews coefficients in region; skew isolines drawn on a map or regions; skew prediction equations; read
from Plate 1 of Bulletin 17B (reproduced in this spreadsheet), with MSE Generalized Skew = 0.302.
(4) Results are automatically rounded to three significant figures, the dominant number of significant figures in the K-Value table.
(5) Historic frequency analysis assumes that intervening years reflect systematic record.

Comments:

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12

10

Annual Peak Discharge (cfs) 8

0
1900 2100 2300 2500 2700 2900

Date

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Page 1 of 3 NRCS Log-Pearson Freq

K-Value Ln(Q) Peak Peak(4) 90% Confidence Interval Input Data


Discharge Discharge Upper Lower
(cfs) (cfs) (cfs) (cfs)
2.201 2.178 9.5921 14,648 14,600 38,000 7,420
2.029 2.010 9.3325 11,299 11,300 27,700 5,920
1.834 1.820 9.0364 8,404 8,400 19,400 4,570
1.606 1.596 8.6896 5,941 5,940 12,800 3,370
1.231 1.227 8.1168 3,350 3,350 6,480 2,020
0.855 0.855 7.5394 1,881 1,880 3,310 1,190 1
0.066 0.070 6.3210 556 556 863 362 2
-0.816 -0.814 4.9485 141 141 222 81 3
-1.750 -1.756 3.4856 33 33 59 14 4
-1.880 -1.888 3.2816 27 27 50 11 5
-2.142 -2.153 2.8704 18 18 35 7 6
-2.261 -2.274 2.6826 15 15 30 5 7
-2.615 -2.633 2.1250 8 8 18 3 8
-2.949 -2.972 1.5987 5 5 12 1 9
-3.366 -3.396 0.9404 3 3 7 1 10
-3.666 -3.702 0.4651 2 2 4 0 11
-3.956 -3.998 0.0058 1 1 3 0 12
-4.597 -4.653 -1.0107 0 0 1 0 13
14
15
16
K-Value Ln(Q) Peak Peak(4) 90% Confidence Interval 17
Discharge Discharge Upper Lower 18
(cfs) (cfs) (cfs) (cfs) 19
2.482 2.461 10.0315 22,731 22,700 64,800 10,800 20
2.252 2.235 9.6815 16,019 16,000 42,300 8,020 21
2.000 1.988 9.2970 10,906 10,900 26,600 5,740 22
1.716 1.708 8.8629 7,065 7,060 15,700 3,920 23
1.270 1.267 8.1790 3,565 3,570 6,970 2,140 24
0.846 0.847 7.5265 1,857 1,860 3,260 1,170 25
0.017 0.021 6.2439 515 515 796 334 26
-0.836 -0.835 4.9164 137 137 215 78 27
-1.673 -1.679 3.6060 37 37 66 17 28
-1.785 -1.792 3.4303 31 31 57 14 29
-2.007 -2.017 3.0807 22 22 42 9 30
-2.107 -2.119 2.9231 19 19 36 7 31
-2.400 -2.416 2.4618 12 12 24 4 32
-2.670 -2.691 2.0353 8 8 17 2 33
-3.000 -3.027 1.5130 5 5 11 1 34
-3.233 -3.266 1.1429 3 3 8 1 35
-3.455 -3.493 0.7907 2 2 6 1 36
-3.935 -3.984 0.0282 1 1 3 0 37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49

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50

2900 3100 3300 3500 3700 3900

Date

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NRCS Log-Pearson Frequency Analysis Spreadsheet, Version TAE, 5/2005. Page 2 of 3

Project: Class Example


Streamgage: Dorwin
Date: 8/10/2004 Performed By: Endreny

Input Data Station ID: 4239000 Latitude, Longitude: 42-59-00 76-09-04


Drainage Area (mi2): 88.5 County: Onondaga
Number of low outliers eliminated: 0 State: NY

Historic?

Historic?

Historic?
Outlier?

Outlier?

Outlier?
Date Discharge Date Discharge Date Discharge
(cfs) (cfs) (cfs)
07/28/1969 36 n n 51 ---- ---- n n 101 ---- ---- n n
08/10/1970 86 n n 52 ---- ---- n n 102 ---- ---- n n
10/30/1970 111 n n 53 ---- ---- n n 103 ---- ---- n n
10/25/1971 161 n n 54 ---- ---- n n 104 ---- ---- n n
04/01/1973 137 n n 55 ---- ---- n n 105 ---- ---- n n
05/09/1974 81 n n 56 ---- ---- n n 106 ---- ---- n n
05/30/1975 365 n n 57 ---- ---- n n 107 ---- ---- n n
12/31/1975 29 n n 58 ---- ---- n n 108 ---- ---- n n
10/09/1976 185 n n 59 ---- ---- n n 109 ---- ---- n n
05/04/1978 181 n n 60 ---- ---- n n 110 ---- ---- n n
06/16/1979 260 n n 61 ---- ---- n n 111 ---- ---- n n
07/18/1980 50 n n 62 ---- ---- n n 112 ---- ---- n n
09/05/1981 63 n n 63 ---- ---- n n 113 ---- ---- n n
01/04/1982 83 n n 64 ---- ---- n n 114 ---- ---- n n
02/14/1983 33 n n 65 ---- ---- n n 115 ---- ---- n n
01/09/1964 1,020 n n 66 ---- ---- n n 116 ---- ---- n n
02/08/1965 1,050 n n 67 ---- ---- n n 117 ---- ---- n n
02/13/1966 2,000 n n 68 ---- ---- n n 118 ---- ---- n n
08/10/1967 4,060 n n 69 ---- ---- n n 119 ---- ---- n n
01/15/1968 912 n n 70 ---- ---- n n 120 ---- ---- n n
08/04/1969 1,440 n n 71 ---- ---- n n 121 ---- ---- n n
04/02/1970 1,770 n n 72 ---- ---- n n 122 ---- ---- n n
08/28/1971 2,040 n n 73 ---- ---- n n 123 ---- ---- n n
06/22/1972 4,800 n n 74 ---- ---- n n 124 ---- ---- n n
07/04/1973 1,560 n n 75 ---- ---- n n 125 ---- ---- n n
12/21/1973 2,120 n n 76 ---- ---- n n 126 ---- ---- n n
07/21/1975 3,410 n n 77 ---- ---- n n 127 ---- ---- n n
01/27/1976 893 n n 78 ---- ---- n n 128 ---- ---- n n
03/22/1977 1,120 n n 79 ---- ---- n n 129 ---- ---- n n
01/26/1978 3,140 n n 80 ---- ---- n n 130 ---- ---- n n
09/22/1979 2,190 n n 81 ---- ---- n n 131 ---- ---- n n
03/21/1980 689 n n 82 ---- ---- n n 132 ---- ---- n n
08/08/1981 930 n n 83 ---- ---- n n 133 ---- ---- n n
01/04/1982 1,120 n n 84 ---- ---- n n 134 ---- ---- n n
04/10/1983 1,480 n n 85 ---- ---- n n 135 ---- ---- n n
12/13/1983 1,660 n n 86 ---- ---- n n 136 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 87 ---- ---- n n 137 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 88 ---- ---- n n 138 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 89 ---- ---- n n 139 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 90 ---- ---- n n 140 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 91 ---- ---- n n 141 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 92 ---- ---- n n 142 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 93 ---- ---- n n 143 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 94 ---- ---- n n 144 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 95 ---- ---- n n 145 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 96 ---- ---- n n 146 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 97 ---- ---- n n 147 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 98 ---- ---- n n 148 ---- ---- n n
---- ---- n n 99 ---- ---- n n 149 ---- ---- n n

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---- ---- n n 100 ---- ---- n n 150 ---- ---- n n

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NRCS Log-Pearson Frequency Analysis Spreadsheet, Version TAE, 5/2005. Page 3 of 3

Project: Class Example


Streamgage: Dorwin
Date: 8/10/2004 Performed By: Endreny

Discharge-Frequency, with Gage Skew


Dorwin

100,000
Log-Pearson Analysis
Log-Pearson
LogPearson - Upper 90% Confidence Interval
LogPearson - Lower 90% Confidence Interval
10,000 Weibull Plotting Position

1,000
Discharge (cfs)

100

10

1 Recurrence Interval (years)


1 10 100
Discharge-Frequency, with Generalized Skew
Dorwin

100,000
Log-Pearson Analysis
Log-Pearson
LogPearson - Upper 90% Confidence Interval
Discharge (cfs)

LogPearson - Lower 90% Confidence Interval


Weibull Plotting Position
10,000

1,000

100

10

1 Recurrence Interval (years)


1 Conservation Service
Natural Resources 10 100
07/23/2018
1 Recurrence Interval (years)
1 10 100

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NRCS Log-Pearson Frequency Analysis Spreadsheet, Version 2.2, 4/2004. Page 1 of 3

Project: Log-Pearson Spreadsheet Check


Streamgage: # USGS 09361500 ANIMAS RIVER AT DURANGO, CO.
Date: 2/13/2003 Performed By: Steve Yochum; Hydrologist, Northern Plains Engineering Team

Without Generalized Skew Recurrence Percent K-Value Ln(Q) Peak(4) 90% Confidence Interval
Interval(2) Chance Discharge Upper Lower
Average: 8.5371 (years) (cfs) (cfs) (cfs)
Standard Deviation: 0.45215451 200 0.5 -1.510 7.8545 2,580 2,880 2,250
Skew Coefficient(1): 0.64722742 100 1 -1.638 7.7963 2,430 2,730 2,110
50 2 -1.693 7.7714 2,370 2,670 2,050
Length of systematic record: 78 25 4 -1.845 7.7027 2,210 2,510 1,900
Number of historic peaks: 3 10 10 -1.973 7.6448 2,090 2,380 1,780
Length of Data Record: 81 5 20 -2.116 7.5803 1,960 2,240 1,660
Length of Historic Record:(5) 93 2 50 -2.208 7.5388 1,880 2,160 1,580
1.25 80 -2.288 7.5024 1,810 2,090 1,520
1.05 95 -2.442 7.4327 1,690 1,960 1,400
With Generalized Skew 200 0.5 -1.557 7.8328 2,520 2,820 2,200
100 1 -1.701 7.7681 2,360 2,660 2,050
Generalized Skew Coefficient(3): 0.1602 50 2 -1.763 7.7400 2,300 2,590 1,980
Variance of Generalized Skew(3): 0.3144 25 4 -1.936 7.6618 2,130 2,410 1,820
A: -0.278222 10 10 -2.085 7.5944 1,990 2,270 1,680
B: 0.771721 5 20 -2.254 7.5179 1,840 2,120 1,540
station skew: 0.647227 2 50 -2.365 7.4675 1,750 2,020 1,460
MSE Station Skew: 0.10487726 1.25 80 -2.465 7.4224 1,670 1,940 1,390
Weighted skew coefficient(1): 0.52540325 1.05 95 -2.662 7.3335 1,530 1,790 1,250

(1) Station and generalized skews must be betw


(2) Considering the relatively short length of most gage records, less frequent peak estimates need to be used with considerable care.
(3) Computed one of four ways (see "generalized skew coefficient" worksheet): Mean and variance (standard deviation 2)
of station skews coefficients in region; skew isolines drawn on a map or regions; skew prediction equations; read
from Plate 1 of Bulletin 17B (reproduced in this spreadsheet), with MSE Generalized Skew = 0.302.
(4) Results are automatically rounded to three significant figures, the dominant number of significant figures in the K-Value table.
(5) Historic frequency analysis assumes that intervening years reflect systematic record.

Comments: (I) Generalized skew attained by computing mean and variance of skews of 40 San Juan Mountain gages.
(II) High outliers were not eliminated due to the uncertainty about whether or not these peaks appropriately represent the
the hydrologic regime of this mountain watershed.

30,000
Data
Plot: 25,000
Annual Peak Discharge (cfs)

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000
N u m b er o f P e a k E v e n ts

0
1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020

Peak Date
Timing:

50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Month

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Nu
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Month

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NRCS Log-Pearson Frequency Analysis Spreadsheet, Version 2.2, 4/2004. Page 2 of 3

Project: Log-Pearson Spreadsheet Check


Streamgage: # USGS 09361500 ANIMAS RIVER AT DURANGO, CO.
Date: 2/13/2003 Performed By: Steve Yochum; Hydrologist, Northern Plains Engineering Team

Input Data Station ID: 09361500 Latitude, Longitude: 37-16-45 107-52-47


Drainage Area (mi2): 692 County: La Plata
Number of low outliers eliminated: 0 State: Colorado

Historic?

Historic?

Historic?
Outlier?

Outlier?

Outlier?
Date Discharge Date Discharge Date Discharge
(cfs) (cfs) (cfs)
1 09/06/1909 10,000 y n 51 06/22/1971 3,290 n n 101 ---- ---- n n
2 10/05/1911 25,000 y y 52 06/02/1972 3,160 n n 102 ---- ---- n n
3 06/10/1922 7,800 y n 53 06/11/1973 7,590 n n 103 ---- ---- n n
4 06/15/1924 4,500 n n 54 05/27/1974 2,910 n n 104 ---- ---- n n
5 09/19/1925 6,000 n n 55 06/16/1975 7,400 n n 105 ---- ---- n n
6 06/06/1926 5,000 n n 56 06/06/1976 4,030 n n 106 ---- ---- n n
7 06/29/1927 20,000 n y 57 06/07/1977 1,460 n n 107 ---- ---- n n
8 06/01/1928 4,450 n n 58 06/16/1978 5,080 n n 108 ---- ---- n n
9 05/26/1929 4,950 n n 59 05/28/1979 7,810 n n 109 ---- ---- n n
10 06/13/1930 4,200 n n 60 06/11/1980 8,220 n n 110 ---- ---- n n
11 06/04/1931 2,230 n n 61 06/08/1981 4,220 n n 111 ---- ---- n n
12 05/23/1932 5,270 n n 62 06/13/1982 3,920 n n 112 ---- ---- n n
13 06/02/1933 5,360 n n 63 05/31/1983 6,050 n n 113 ---- ---- n n
14 05/10/1934 2,410 n n 64 05/25/1984 7,480 n n 114 ---- ---- n n
15 06/15/1935 6,560 n n 65 06/09/1985 7,950 n n 115 ---- ---- n n
16 05/06/1936 3,890 n n 66 06/07/1986 6,160 n n 116 ---- ---- n n
17 05/18/1937 4,970 n n 67 06/07/1987 5,530 n n 117 ---- ---- n n
18 06/30/1938 7,180 n n 68 06/08/1988 3,590 n n 118 ---- ---- n n
19 05/22/1939 2,750 n n 69 05/24/1989 2,780 n n 119 ---- ---- n n
20 05/15/1940 3,170 n n 70 06/06/1990 4,660 n n 120 ---- ---- n n
21 05/14/1941 10,500 n n 71 06/09/1991 3,610 n n 121 ---- ---- n n
22 06/12/1942 5,450 n n 72 05/27/1992 3,690 n n 122 ---- ---- n n
23 05/03/1943 3,940 n n 73 05/28/1993 6,800 n n 123 ---- ---- n n
24 05/16/1944 6,990 n n 74 06/04/1994 4,720 n n 124 ---- ---- n n
25 06/15/1945 4,370 n n 75 06/16/1995 7,310 n n 125 ---- ---- n n
26 06/09/1946 4,330 n n 76 05/17/1996 4,130 n n 126 ---- ---- n n
27 06/10/1947 5,130 n n 77 06/02/1997 7,220 n n 127 ---- ---- n n
28 05/19/1948 8,720 n n 78 06/03/1998 4,040 n n 128 ---- ---- n n
29 06/19/1949 12,700 n n 79 06/18/1999 4,640 n n 129 ---- ---- n n
30 06/01/1950 3,280 n n 80 05/24/2000 3,960 n n 130 ---- ---- n n
31 05/28/1951 4,320 n n 81 05/16/2001 5,170 n n 131 ---- ---- n n
32 06/11/1952 8,450 n n 82 ---- ---- n n 132 ---- ---- n n
33 06/13/1953 5,430 n n 83 ---- ---- n n 133 ---- ---- n n
34 05/21/1954 3,090 n n 84 ---- ---- n n 134 ---- ---- n n
35 06/09/1955 4,790 n n 85 ---- ---- n n 135 ---- ---- n n
36 06/01/1956 4,070 n n 86 ---- ---- n n 136 ---- ---- n n
37 06/06/1957 9,360 n n 87 ---- ---- n n 137 ---- ---- n n
38 05/28/1958 7,960 n n 88 ---- ---- n n 138 ---- ---- n n
39 06/07/1959 3,140 n n 89 ---- ---- n n 139 ---- ---- n n
40 06/04/1960 4,630 n n 90 ---- ---- n n 140 ---- ---- n n
41 05/28/1961 4,250 n n 91 ---- ---- n n 141 ---- ---- n n
42 05/10/1962 4,280 n n 92 ---- ---- n n 142 ---- ---- n n
43 05/09/1963 3,300 n n 93 ---- ---- n n 143 ---- ---- n n
44 05/24/1964 4,450 n n 94 ---- ---- n n 144 ---- ---- n n
45 06/21/1965 5,560 n n 95 ---- ---- n n 145 ---- ---- n n
46 05/08/1966 3,640 n n 96 ---- ---- n n 146 ---- ---- n n
47 05/23/1967 3,730 n n 97 ---- ---- n n 147 ---- ---- n n
48 06/06/1968 5,980 n n 98 ---- ---- n n 148 ---- ---- n n
49 05/23/1969 4,560 n n 99 ---- ---- n n 149 ---- ---- n n
50 09/06/1970 11,600 n n 100 ---- ---- n n 150 ---- ---- n n

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Natural Resources Conservation Service 07/23/2018
Page 2 of 3 NRCS Log-Pearson Frequency Analysis Spreadsheet, Version 2.2, 4/2004.

Project: Log-Pearson Spreadsheet Check


Streamgage: # USGS 09361500 ANIMAS RIVER AT DURANGO, CO.
gineering Team Date: 2/13/2003 Performed By: Steve Yochum; Hydrologist, Northern Plains Engineering Team

Discharge-Frequency, with Gage Skew


# USGS 09361500 ANIMAS RIVER AT DURANGO, CO.

30,000
Log-Pearson Analysis
Log-Pearson
LogPearson - Upper 90% Confidence Interval
25,000 LogPearson - Lower 90% Confidence Interval
Weibull Plotting Position

20,000
Discharge (cfs)

15,000

10,000

5,000

0 Recurrence Interval (years)


1 10 100
Discharge-Frequency, with Generalized Skew
# USGS 09361500 ANIMAS RIVER AT DURANGO, CO.

30,000
Log-Pearson Analysis
Log-Pearson
LogPearson - Upper 90% Confidence Interval
Discharge (cfs)

LogPearson - Lower 90% Confidence Interval


25,000 Weibull Plotting Position

20,000

15,000

10,000

5,000

0 Recurrence Interval (years)


1 10 100
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0 Recurrence Interval (years)
1 10 100

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Page 3 of 3

rrence Interval (years)


100

ence Interval (years)


100
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ence Interval (years)
100

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The station skew coefficient is sensitive to outliers (extreme events), possibly resulting in a biased frequency analys
The accuracy of skew coefficient can be improved and the risk of bias minimized by weighing the station skew with
The following four methods are recommended by Bullitin 17b for developing generalized skew:
(1) For at least 40 stations with at least 25 years of data, or all stations within a hydrophysiographic provence,
(2) For at least 40 stations with at least 25 years of data, or all stations within a hydrophysiographic provence,
(3) For at least 40 stations with at least 25 years of data, or all stations within a hydrophysiographic provence,
(4) In the absence of a more detailed study, a generalized skew coefficient may be read from Plate 1 of Bullitin

For more information on these techniques, see "Guidelines for Determining Flood Flow Frequency, Bulletin 17b of t
in a biased frequency analysis.
eighing the station skew with generalized skew coefficients.

ydrophysiographic provence, determine the arithmetic mean and variance of the skew coefficents for all stations.
ydrophysiographic provence, develop an isoline map of skew coefficients for the region.
ydrophysiographic provence, develop a prediction equation (regression equation) for skew coefficient.
e read from Plate 1 of Bullitin 17b (mean square error = 0.302).

w Frequency, Bulletin 17b of the Hydrology Committee" or chapter ?? of the NRCS Stream Restoration Guide.
Table of K-Values: 1.010101
Recurrance Interval: 1.0001 1.0005 1.001 1.002 1.005 1.01
Percent Chance: 99.99 99.95 99.9 99.8 99.5 99
1 -2.00 -8.210 -6.601 -5.908 -5.215 -4.298 -3.605
2 -1.90 -7.989 -6.443 -5.775 -5.108 -4.223 -3.553
3 -1.80 -7.766 -6.283 -5.642 -4.999 -4.147 -3.499
4 -1.70 -7.543 -6.152 -5.507 -4.890 -4.069 -3.444
5 -1.60 -7.318 -5.960 -5.371 -4.779 -3.990 -3.388
6 -1.50 -7.093 -5.797 -5.234 -4.665 -3.910 -3.330
7 -1.40 -6.866 -5.633 -5.095 -4.553 -3.828 -3.271
8 -1.30 -6.640 -5.467 -4.955 -4.438 -3.745 -3.211
9 -1.20 -6.412 -5.301 -4.815 -4.323 -3.661 -3.149
10 -1.10 -6.185 -5.134 -4.673 -4.206 -3.575 -3.087
11 -1.00 -5.957 -4.967 -4.531 -4.088 -3.489 -3.023
12 -0.90 -5.729 -4.799 -4.388 -3.969 -3.401 -2.957
13 -0.80 -5.501 -4.631 -4.244 -3.850 -3.312 -2.891
14 -0.70 -5.274 -4.462 -4.100 -3.730 -3.228 -2.824
15 -0.60 -5.047 -4.293 -3.956 -3.609 -3.132 -2.755
16 -0.50 -4.821 -4.124 -3.811 -3.487 -3.041 -2.686
17 -0.40 -4.597 -3.956 -3.666 -3.366 -2.949 -2.615
18 -0.30 -4.374 -3.788 -3.521 -3.244 -2.856 -2.544
19 -0.20 -4.153 -3.621 -3.377 -3.122 -2.763 -2.472
20 -0.10 -3.935 -3.455 -3.233 -3.000 -2.670 -2.400
21 0.00 -3.719 -3.291 -3.090 -2.878 -2.576 -2.326
22 0.10 -3.507 -3.128 -2.948 -2.757 -2.482 -2.253
23 0.20 -3.299 -2.967 -2.808 -2.637 -2.388 -2.178
24 0.30 -3.096 -2.809 -2.669 -2.517 -2.294 -2.104
25 0.40 -2.899 -2.654 -2.533 -2.399 -2.201 -2.029
26 0.50 -2.708 -2.503 -2.399 -2.283 -2.108 -1.955
27 0.60 -2.525 -2.355 -2.268 -2.169 -2.016 -1.880
28 0.70 -2.350 -2.213 -2.141 -2.057 -1.925 -1.806
29 0.80 -2.184 -2.077 -2.017 -1.948 -1.837 -1.733
30 0.90 -2.029 -1.946 -1.899 -1.842 -1.749 -1.660
31 1.00 -1.884 -1.822 -1.786 -1.741 -1.664 -1.588
32 1.10 -1.751 -1.706 -1.678 -1.643 -1.581 -1.518
33 1.20 -1.628 -1.597 -1.577 -1.550 -1.501 -1.449
34 1.30 -1.518 -1.497 -1.482 -1.462 -1.424 -1.383
35 1.40 -1.418 -1.404 -1.394 -1.380 -1.351 -1.318
36 1.50 -1.328 -1.319 -1.313 -1.303 -1.282 -1.256
37 1.60 -1.247 -1.242 -1.238 -1.231 -1.216 -1.197
38 1.70 -1.175 -1.172 -1.170 -1.165 -1.155 -1.140
39 1.80 -1.111 -1.109 -1.107 -1.105 -1.097 -1.087
40 1.90 -1.052 -1.052 -1.051 -1.049 -1.044 -1.037
41 2.00 -1.000 -1.000 -0.999 -0.998 -0.995 -0.990
42 2.10 -0.952 -0.952 -0.952 -0.951 -0.949 -0.946
43 2.20 -0.909 -0.909 -0.909 -0.909 -0.907 -0.905
44 2.30 -0.870 -0.870 -0.869 -0.869 -0.869 -0.867
45 2.40 -0.833 -0.833 -0.833 -0.833 -0.833 -0.832
46 2.50 -0.800 -0.800 -0.800 -0.800 -0.800 -0.799
47 2.60 -0.769 -0.763 -0.769 -0.769 -0.769 -0.769
48 2.70 -0.741 -0.741 -0.741 -0.741 -0.741 -0.740
49 2.80 -0.714 -0.714 -0.714 -0.714 -0.714 -0.714
50 2.90 -0.690 -0.690 -0.690 -0.690 -0.690 -0.690
51 3.00 -0.667 -0.667 -0.667 -0.667 -0.667 -0.667

Outlier Test K-Values: (one-sided 10% significance level k values for a normal distribution)
Sample Size K Value
10 2.036
11 2.088
12 2.134
13 2.175
14 2.213
15 2.247
16 2.279
17 2.309
18 2.335
19 2.361
20 2.385
21 2.408
22 2.429
23 2.448
24 2.467
25 2.486
26 2.502
27 2.519
28 2.534
29 2.549
30 2.563
31 2.577
32 2.591
33 2.604
34 2.616
35 2.628
36 2.639
37 2.650
38 2.661
39 2.671
40 2.682
41 2.692
42 2.700
43 2.710
44 2.719
45 2.727
46 2.736
47 2.744
48 2.753
49 2.760
50 2.768
51 2.775
52 2.783
53 2.790
54 2.798
55 2.804
56 2.811
57 2.818
58 2.824
59 2.831
60 2.837
61 2.842
62 2.849
63 2.854
64 2.860
65 2.866
66 2.871
67 2.877
68 2.883
69 2.888
70 2.893
71 2.897
72 2.903
73 2.908
74 2.912
75 2.917
76 2.922
77 2.927
78 2.931
79 2.935
80 2.940
81 2.945
82 2.949
83 2.953
84 2.957
85 2.961
86 2.966
87 2.970
88 2.973
89 2.977
90 2.981
91 2.984
92 2.989
93 2.993
94 2.996
95 3.000
96 3.003
97 3.006
98 3.011
99 3.014
100 3.017
101 3.021
102 3.024
103 3.027
104 3.030
105 3.033
106 3.037
107 3.040
108 3.043
109 3.046
110 3.049
111 3.052
112 3.055
113 3.058
114 3.061
115 3.064
116 3.067
117 3.070
118 3.073
119 3.075
120 3.078
121 3.081
122 3.083
123 3.086
124 3.089
125 3.092
126 3.095
127 3.097
128 3.100
129 3.102
130 3.104
131 3.107
132 3.109
133 3.112
134 3.114
135 3.116
136 3.119
137 3.122
138 3.124
139 3.126
140 3.129
141 3.131
142 3.133
143 3.135
144 3.138
145 3.140
146 3.142
147 3.144
148 3.146
149 3.148
protection password: "yochum"
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1.020408163
1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.25 2 5 10 25
98 97.5 96 95 80 50 20 10 4
-2.912 -2.689 -2.219 -1.99573 -0.609 0.307 0.777 0.895 0.959
-2.881 -2.664 -2.207 -1.98906 -0.627 0.294 0.788 0.92 0.996
-2.848 -2.638 -2.193 -1.98124 -0.643 0.282 0.799 0.945 1.035
-2.831 -2.611 -2.179 -1.97227 -0.66 0.268 0.808 0.97 1.075
-2.780 -2.582 -2.163 -1.96213 -0.675 0.254 0.817 0.994 1.116
-2.743 -2.552 -2.146 -1.95083 -0.69 0.24 0.825 1.018 1.157
-2.706 -2.521 -2.128 -1.93836 -0.705 0.225 0.832 1.041 1.198
-2.667 -2.489 -2.108 -1.92472 -0.719 0.21 0.838 1.064 1.24
-2.626 -2.455 -2.088 -1.90992 -0.732 0.195 0.844 1.086 1.282
-2.585 -2.420 -2.066 -1.89395 -0.745 0.18 0.848 1.107 1.324
-2.542 -2.384 -2.043 -1.87683 -0.758 0.164 0.852 1.128 1.366
-2.498 -2.346 -2.018 -1.85856 -0.769 0.148 0.854 1.147 1.407
-2.453 -2.308 -1.993 -1.83916 -0.78 0.132 0.856 1.166 1.448
-2.407 -2.268 -1.967 -1.81864 -0.79 0.116 0.857 1.183 1.488
-2.359 -2.227 -1.939 -1.79701 -0.8 0.099 0.857 1.2 1.528
-2.311 -2.185 -1.910 -1.77428 -0.808 0.083 0.856 1.216 1.567
-2.261 -2.142 -1.880 -1.75048 -0.816 0.066 0.855 1.231 1.606
-2.211 -2.098 -1.849 -1.72562 -0.824 0.05 0.853 1.245 1.643
-2.159 -2.053 -1.818 -1.69971 -0.83 0.033 0.85 1.258 1.68
-2.107 -2.007 -1.785 -1.67279 -0.836 0.017 0.846 1.27 1.716
-2.054 -1.960 -1.751 -1.64485 -0.842 0 0.842 1.282 1.751
-2.000 -1.912 -1.716 -1.61594 -0.846 -0.017 0.836 1.292 1.785
-1.945 -1.864 -1.680 -1.58607 -0.85 -0.033 0.83 1.301 1.818
-1.890 -1.814 -1.643 -1.55527 -0.853 -0.05 0.824 1.309 1.849
-1.834 -1.764 -1.606 -1.52357 -0.855 -0.066 0.816 1.317 1.88
-1.777 -1.714 -1.567 -1.49101 -0.856 -0.083 0.808 1.323 1.91
-1.720 -1.663 -1.528 -1.45762 -0.857 -0.099 0.8 1.328 1.939
-1.663 -1.611 -1.489 -1.42345 -0.857 -0.116 0.79 1.333 1.967
-1.606 -1.559 -1.448 -1.38855 -0.856 -0.132 0.78 1.336 1.993
-1.549 -1.507 -1.407 -1.35299 -0.854 -0.148 0.769 1.339 2.018
-1.492 -1.455 -1.366 -1.31684 -0.852 -0.164 0.758 1.34 2.043
-1.435 -1.403 -1.324 -1.28019 -0.848 -0.18 0.745 1.341 2.066
-1.379 -1.352 -1.282 -1.24313 -0.844 -0.195 0.732 1.34 2.087
-1.324 -1.300 -1.240 -1.20578 -0.838 -0.21 0.719 1.339 2.108
-1.270 -1.250 -1.198 -1.16827 -0.832 -0.225 0.705 1.337 2.128
-1.217 -1.201 -1.157 -1.13075 -0.825 -0.24 0.69 1.333 2.146
-1.166 -1.152 -1.116 -1.09338 -0.817 -0.254 0.675 1.329 2.163
-1.116 -1.105 -1.075 -1.05631 -0.808 -0.268 0.66 1.324 2.179
-1.069 -1.060 -1.035 -1.01973 -0.799 -0.282 0.643 1.318 2.193
-1.023 -1.016 -0.997 -0.98381 -0.788 -0.294 0.627 1.31 2.207
-0.980 -0.975 -0.959 -0.94871 -0.777 -0.307 0.609 1.302 2.219
-0.939 -0.935 -0.923 -0.91458 -0.765 -0.319 0.592 1.294 2.23
-0.900 -0.897 -0.888 -0.88156 -0.752 -0.33 0.574 1.284 2.24
-0.864 -0.862 -0.855 -0.84976 -0.739 -0.341 0.555 1.274 2.248
-0.830 -0.828 -0.823 -0.81927 -0.725 -0.351 0.537 1.262 2.256
-0.798 -0.797 -0.793 -0.79015 -0.711 -0.36 0.518 1.25 2.262
-0.768 -0.767 -0.765 -0.76242 -0.696 -0.368 0.499 1.238 2.267
-0.740 -0.739 -0.738 -0.7361 -0.681 -0.376 0.479 1.224 2.272
-0.714 -0.713 -0.712 -0.71116 -0.666 -0.384 0.46 1.21 2.275
-0.689 -0.689 -0.688 -0.68759 -0.651 -0.39 0.44 1.195 2.277
-0.666 -0.666 -0.666 -0.66532 -0.636 -0.396 0.42 1.18 2.278
50 100 200
2 1 0.5
0.98 0.99 0.995
1.023 1.307 1.044
1.069 1.087 1.097
1.116 1.14 1.155
1.166 1.197 1.216
1.217 1.256 1.282
1.27 1.318 1.351
1.324 1.383 1.424
1.379 1.449 1.501
1.435 1.518 1.581
1.492 1.588 1.664
1.549 1.66 1.749
1.606 1.733 1.837
1.663 1.806 1.926
1.72 1.88 2.016
1.777 1.955 2.108
1.834 2.029 2.201
1.89 2.104 2.294
1.945 2.178 2.388
2 2.252 2.482
2.054 2.326 2.576
2.107 2.4 2.67
2.159 2.472 2.763
2.211 2.544 2.856
2.261 2.615 2.949
2.311 2.686 3.041
2.359 2.755 3.132
2.407 2.824 3.223
2.453 2.891 3.312
2.498 2.957 3.401
2.542 3.022 3.489
2.585 3.087 3.575
2.626 3.149 3.661
2.666 3.211 3.745
2.706 3.271 3.828
2.743 3.33 3.91
2.78 3.388 3.99
2.815 3.444 4.069
2.848 3.499 4.147
2.881 3.553 4.223
2.912 3.605 4.398
2.942 3.656 4.372
2.97 3.705 4.444
2.997 3.753 4.515
3.023 3.8 4.584
3.048 3.845 4.652
3.071 3.889 4.718
3.093 3.932 4.783
3.114 3.973 4.847
3.134 4.013 4.909
3.152 4.051 4.97