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Question & Solutions Corrections

x
1. Solve 5   3
2

5 + x=6  x=1

2. Find the quadratic equation with roots 3 and 6.

[Sum] = 3 + 6 = 9 [Product] = (3)(6) = 18

Answer : x2 + 9x + 18

3. Express f(x) = 3x2 – 6x – 12 in the form of


a(x + p)2 + q. Hence, state the minimum point.

: f(x) = 3 x2+ 12x – 9


= x2 + 4x – 3
4 4
 x 2  4x        3
2 2
= (x + 2)2 – 5
thus, minimum point ( 2, –5)

4. f(x) = x2 + (k – 2)x – k+ 2 has equal roots.


Find the values of k.
b2 – 4 a c = 0
(k – 2)2 – 4(1)(–k + 2) = 0
k2 + 4 – 8 = 0
k2 = 4
k= 2

5. Solve x2 – 3x > 10

x2 – 3x - 10 > 0
(x - 5)(x + 2) > 0
x > 5, x > -2

6. Solve x2 + 5x = 6

x(x + 5) = 6

x=6 , x+5=6
x=1
Question and Solutions Corrections

7. Solve simultaneously 3x + 2y = 12
2y2 – x2 = – xy
Solutions:
12  3 x
From 1 : y substitute into 2
2
2 (12 - 3x )2 – x2 = – x ( 12 - 3x )
2 2
6
2 ( 12 - 3x)2 – x2 = – x ( - 3x )
12
2 2
144 – 9x2 – x2 = -6x + 3x2
–13x2 + 6x + 144 = 0

8. 2 log2 3y + log2 y = 4
log2 3y2 + log2 y = 4
3y2 + y = 4
3y2 + y – 4 = 0
(3y + 4 )( y – 1) = 0

9. Solve log3 ( y + 4) = log3 2y + 3


log3 y + log3 4 = log3 2y + 3
4y = 2y + 3
y = 

10. Solve 2 x – 1 + 2x = 12.

 2 x–1 + x = 12
2x – 1 = 6
7
x = /2

11. Given that 4x . 4 2y = 1, find y in terms of x.

 x + 2y = 1
 x = 1 – 2y

12. Given that y = (x – 2)2 + 3. Find


(a) equation of the axis of symmetry.
(b) the y-intercept

Answer: (a) ……………


2
(0, 7)
(b) …………….
Questions & Solutions Corrections

13. Sector AOB has radius 4.5 cm and arc length


7.2 cm. Find  , in radians.

solutions:

s=r   1.6 
180
7.2 = 4.5 
 = 1.6 = 0.02793 rad

14. A series is given by 8, 4, 2, 1 … Find the


twelfth term. .
solution:
d = 4 – 8 = –4

T12 = 8 + (12– 1) – 4
= 8 + 11 – 4
= 15

15. Solve 2 sin y – cos y = 0


2 sin y – (1 – sin y) = 0
3 sin y = 1
1
sin y = / 3
y = 19o 28’

16. Solve cos 2A = – 0.3420 for 0  A  360


Solutions:
2A = ( 70) reference angle
2A = 110, 250 (2 & 3 quadrant)
A = 55, 125

17. differentiate:
d  1 
  =
dx  2 x 
d
dx
 
2 x 1 = – 2 x -2

18. Find the rate of change in the area of a circle, A if


the radius, x decreases at the rate of 5 cm s-1 when
x = 3 cm.
solutuins:

dA dx dA
/dt = /dt x /dx A = π x2
dA
= 5 x 6π /dx = 2πx
= 30π = 2 π(3) = 6π
Question & Solution Correction

18. Given that f(x) = x2 – 4x + 5. Find the equation of


tangent at point (1, 3)
solutions:
dy
/dx = 2x – 4 = 0
x=2

 equation of tangent , y – 3 = 2(x – 1)


y = 2x + 1

19. Find the equation of a curve with gradient function


2x – 1 and passes through the point (4, 5)
Solutions:
gardient function = 2x – 1
dy
thus, gradient , 2
dx
equation of a curve  y – 5 = 2 (x – 4)
y = 2x – 3

20. Find
 (6 x  5) 2 dx

(6 x  5)3
=
3

1 1
21. Given

0
f ( x) dx  5 , evaluate
 [ x  f ( x)] dx .
0
1
= 0 x  5 dx

1
x2
=  5x
2
0

 2 x  1
1 3
22. Evaluate dx
0

2 x  14
1
(2(1)  1) 4
= =  0
8 0
8
81
=
8
Question & Solution Correction

23. Find the value of  2i – 5j – 6i + 2j 

 =  – 4 i – 3j 

 = 4i + 3 j

A
24. 7.77 Find  A. ( Use Sine Rule)
2.69
30 C
sin A sin 30
B 10 
10 7.77
sin A = 0.6435
A = 40 ( nearest degree)

25. Find x.
5 x
x2 = 52 + 72 – 2(5)(7) kos 50
= 74 – 70 kos50 50
= 4 (0.6428) 7
= 2.571
= 2.571
= 1.603

26. A normal distribution has mean 50 and its


variance 16. Find score Z when X = 55.

solutions:
X  55  50
Z=   0.3125
 16

27. Solve 5 ( 3 x + 2) = 4
x+2
: 15 = 4
(x +2) log 15 = log 4

x  2  log 4
log 15
(x + 2) = log 4 – log 15
x + 2 = – 0.57403
x = – 2.574

THE END