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OPERATOR I INSTALLATION I SERVICE

MANUAL

HF-110A

and

HF-110AM

DEL MEDICAL IMAGING CORPORATION

11550 WEST KING STREET

FRANKLIN PARK, IL. 60131

TECHNICAL SUPPORT (847) 288-7000

FAX (847) 288-7011

THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS

INSTALLATION; ADJUSTMENT AND

MAINTENANCE INFORMATION

- DO NOT DISCARD ­

Manual Part Number: 8000-HF110AlM Rev. A Release Date: 10-25-01


HF-IIOA Section I

SECTION PAGE

I
GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Description 1

1.3 Important Notice 1

1.4 Compliance Notice 2

1.5 Safety Standards 2

1.6 Electrical Specifications 2

1.7 X-Ray Tube Characteristics 4

1.8 Mechanical Specifications 6

II
INSTALLATION AND CALIBRATION
2.1 Interconnections 10

2.2 Calibration Set-Up 11

2.3 Beam Current (rnA) 11

2.4 Tube Potential (kVp) 12

2.5 Exposure Time 13

2.6 Beam Alignment 13

2.7 Automatic Exposure Control (optional)

III
OPERA1"ION
3.1 Controls and Indicators
16

3.2 Connectors and Mechanical Controls


18

3.3 Operating Procedure (Control/Generator)


20

3.4 Operating Procedures (Stand Assy.)


22

Operating Procedures (Optional 28" Stand Assy)


22a

IV
THEORY OF OPERATION
4.1 System Overview 28

4.2 Generator Assembly 28

4.3 Control Assembly 29

HF-IIOA Section I

4.4 Automatic Exposure Control (optional) 31

V MAINTENANCE
5.1 Introduction 32
5.2 Recommended Intervals 32
5.3 Ordering Information 32
5.4 Maintenance Procedure 32
5.5 Schematic Diagrams Section V

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE DESCRIPTION PAGE


1.1 System Dimensions 7
1.2 Rating Chart, X-Ray Tube 8
1.3 Cooling Curve, Tube Head Assy. 9
2.1 Service Switch Locations 15
3.1 Control Panel Descriptions 25
3.2 Connector Locations 26
3.3 Mechanical Stand Descriptions 27

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE DESCRIPTION PAGE


3.1 Technique Charts 23
5.1 Maintenance Checklist 33
5.2 Displayed Fault Conditions 34

II

HF-IIOA Section I

LIST OF SCHEMATICS. PART LAYOUTS AND DIAGRAMS

Part No. Description Section


700321
Block Diagram, System V

501153
Diagram, System Dimensions V

501044
Assembly, Stand (Two Drawings) V

500612
Assembly, Front Leg V

700311
Schematic, Control V

501149
Assembly, Control (final) V

501144
Assembly, Control (intermediate) V

700285
Schematic, Generator V

501009
Assembly, Generator (Two Drawings) V

501017
Assembly, Collimator (Four Drawings) V

501016
Assembly, Interconnect Cable V

700251
Schematic, Microprocessor PCB V

500929
Assembly, Microprocessor PCB V

700287
Schematic, Control PCB V

501005
Assembly, control PCB V

501034
Line Cord Assembly, Low Leakage V

501276
Power Cord V

700313
Schematic, Microprocessor PCB V

501150
Assembly, Microprocessor PCB V

700309
Schematic, Control PCB V

501142
Assembly, Control PCB V

700310
Schematic, Power Section PCB V

501143
Assembly, Power Section PCB V

700394
Outline Drawing (optional 28" Short Stand) V

501386
Assembly, Final (optional 28" Short Stand) V

501396
Assembly, Stand (optional 28" Short Stand) (Two Drawings) V

501393
Assembly, Front leg (optional 28" Short Stand) V

501394
Assembly, Line Cord (optional 28" Short Stand) V

700395
X-Ray Head Removal (optional 28" Short Stand) V

III

HF·IIOA Section I

GENERAL INFORMATION

1.1 INTRODUCTION

This manual is divided into three sections and contains the following information:
Section I describes general information, Section II contains installation and
calibration procedures. Section III contains operating procedures and technique
guides. Section IV discusses theory of operation and Section V contains
maintenance procedures and recommended intervals.

1.2 DESCRIPTION

The model HF-11 OAx-ray system is designed and manufactured by DEL


MEDICAL IMAGING CORP. It provides a high quality x-ray capability in a
portable format. It is a component system consisting of the following certified
items:
Model: HF-110-G X-Ray Generatorl Tube Housing
Model: HF-110-CM X-Ray Control Module

1.3 IMPORTANT NOTICE

The equipment manufactured by DEL and covered in this manual will function
properly when operated, maintained, and repaired in accordance with the
instructions in this manual. DEL does not assume responsibility for any
malfunctioning of this equipment resulting from improper operation,
maintenance, repair, or from damage to or modification of its components.
This equipment can be hazardous to both patient and operator unless
established safe exposure factors are observed. DEL disclaims all responsibility
from any injury resulting from improper application of this equipment.

HF-IIOA Section I

1.4 COMPLIANCE NonCE

The certified Dynarad equipment you have purchased has been designed,
manufactured and calibrated to comply with the governing Federal Regulations
21 CFR Subchapter J. The maintenance schedules included are essential to the
continued integrity of this equipment with respect to regulatory compliance.
HF-110A Svstem consisting of: X-Ray Generator: HF-110-G IEC 601-2-7/1987
Control Modle: HF-110-CM IEC 601-2-7/1987
Specified Range of Compliance: Tube Current 15 / 25 rnA
Tube Voltage 50 - 100 kVp
Exposure Time .01 - 4.0 s

1.5 SAFETY STANDARDS

The Dynarad equipment you have purchased has been designed, manufactured
and calibrated to comply with the following safety standards;
UL 187
CUL (CSA)
IEC 601-1
IEC 601-2-7

1.6 ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS

MILLIAMPERES
Milliamperes will not deviate from the selected value by more than +/- 10% within
the operating line voltage range and within the specified range of line voltage
regulation.
Measurements made with a Keithley Inst. mAs meter model 35035 or equivalent
at 1.0 seconds.
KILOVOLTS
Kilovoltage will not deviate from the selected value by more than +/- 10%
Measurements made with a Keithley kVp Divider model 35080A and Tektronix
storage oscilloscope model TDS-310 or equivalent at 0.1 seconds.

2
HF·IIOA Section I

1.6 Continued:

TIMER
Exposure time will not deviate from the selected value more than +/- 2%, plus +/­
3ms. within a range of 0.01 - 4.0 seconds.
Measurements made with a Keithley kVP Divider model 35080A and Tektronix
storage oscilloscope model TDS-31 0 or equivalent at the 50% level.
MAS
MAS will not deviate from the selected value more than +/- 15% or .5 mAs which
ever is greater within a range of .15 - 100 mAs. Measurements made with a
Keithley mAs meter model 35035 or equivalent.
MAXIMUM RATING
25 rnA at 100 kVp DC
LINE VOLTAGE REGULATION
5% maximum as measured at the x-ray control panel at maximum rated output
APPARENT RESISTANCE OF SUPPLY MAINS
115 I'J - 0.5 n, 230 roJ - 1.0 n
MAXIMUM LINE CURRENT (25 rnA at 100 kVp).
45 A at 115 I'J (AC), 25 A at 230 I'J (AC)
Measurements made with a combination current transformer (10: 1 Ratio) and
iron vane type ammeter (0-5 Amps) AC RMS.
LINE VOLTAGE RANGE
115 I'J (103.5 - 126.5 AC) 50/60 Hz
230 I'J (207 - 253 AC) 50/60 Hz
All portable sources will be acceptable provided they meet the requirements
of the system input ratings.
NOMINAL ELECTRIC POWER
2.5 KW, Constant potential derived from a high frequency inverter system,
Regulated for both kVp and mAo
MINIMUM PERMANENT FILTRATION
2.7 mm of aluminum equivalent at 100 kVp

HF-IIOA Section I

1.6 Contined:

REFERENCE CURRENT TIME PRODUCT (Power On Defaults)


Beam Current: 15 rnA
Tube Potential: 80 kVp
Exposure Time: 0.1 Sec.
LEAKAGE TECHNIQUE FACTORS
Testing is performed at 100 kVp and 1.0 rnA continuous operation (3600
mAs/hour =one 4 second exposure every 2.0 min.)
COOLING CURVES
Automatic inhibit circuits provide a delay between exposures proportional to the
exposure time. this delay is sufficient to allow proper tube cooling. The delay
between exposures varies between 10 seconds and 120 seconds depending on
the exposure time
ENVIRONMENTAL
Operating Temperature: 40 - 90 Deg. F./5 - 32 Deg. C
Storage Temperature: 30 - 110 Deg. F. /-1 - 43 Deg. C

1.7 X-RAY TUBE CHARACTERISTICS

X-RAY TUBE TYPE


SXR-100ElM or equivalent
ENVELOPE
Hard glass, type 8245 with controlled window thickness of the x-ray port.
ANODE MATERIAL
Tungsten target, copper plated and vacuum cast in copper.
TARGET ANGLE
12.5 DEGREE.

FOCAL SPOT

1.0 mm nominal as per N.E.M.A. XR-5.

4
HF-IIOA Section I

1.7 Continued:

CATHODE
Tungsten filament, line focus.
INHERENT FILTRATION
Minimum 0.70 mm aluminum equivalent at 100 kVp
COOLING
Natural convection through the insulating medium to the enclosure
INSULATING MEDIUM
Highly refined transformer oil; breakdown dielectric strength of not less than 45
kVp per ASTM
D 877-49
WEIGHT
18.5 ounces (500 grams) approximately
X-RAY SHIELDING
External cylindrical shield with open ends attached to tube. Minimum absorption
equivalent to 1.0mm of lead at 90 kVp at any point except the x-ray port.
MAXIMUM VOLTAGE
110 kVp
MAXIMUM ENERGY
3.0 rnA continuos at 100 kVp in cooled oil. Maximum temperature of oil not to
exceed 70 degrees centigrade.
THERMAL
Oil insulation
ANODE HEAT STORAGE
30,000 Heat Units
ANODE COOLING RATE
19,000 Heat UnitslMin.

NOTE: Heat Unit =kVp x rnA (average) x 1 second

HF-IIOA Section I

1.8 MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS

X-RAY CONTROL MODULE


Model: HF-110-CM IEC 601-2-7/1987
Physical Size: Length Width Height
16.6 in. 6.0in. 18.4 in.
42.2 em 15.2 em 46.7 em
Gross Weig ht: 31.0 lb., 14 KG

X-RAY GENERATORITUBE HOUSING


Model: HF-110-G IEC 601-2-7/1987
Physical Size: Length Width Height
25.9 in. 14.3 in. 10.4 in.
65.7 em 36.3 em 26.4 em
Gross Weight: 56.5 lb., 124.5 KG

NOTES:
1) The typical travel stand assembly is described in varios
sections of this manal,
2) When using these modules make sure to use a travel
stand that is fully compatible and capable of handling the
weights and balances.

HF-IIOA Section I

I
S}O·
111J4.62 eOl)

----42.0"-----1 '---26.0"-­
(106.68 em) (64.77 em)

I
28.0"
(71.12 ....)

>------53.0"------'
(IJ4.62 em)

Figure 1.1

Physical Dimensions

HF-IIOA Section I

Rating Chart For Model: SXR-100 GEIM

Three Phase And Constatnt Potential

70

..
",..
r-, ~
~ I t\~
60
~ .....
...
...

~""" 80kVp
'7OkVp
~~
~
~

~~
"'I
~

--.
lIil~
-.
80kVp
SOkVp
~

\
~ ..
,
40k¥P.
I'
~
50 '-­

r':r-,r-
-...
(I) r- ~
III ~"
I"'l
w
a:
~
-.. r- ~
" 10kVp r-... r--.
~
"f'
~
::J
~
40 - ~~'"
"~OOkVp
~~

, ..........
"""lIl
~
r--. .... "',.. ,....,
... ~
~
~ "'" ~
~~
i " 110kVp ......
~~
..... ~ "'~ r-::::r-,
~ ~ ~~
~ ~ ~ ~1ilI.
"'" ~
~
30

~~
I~
~ r-.. I'lllI'lIil ~!'l
~ ~ ['II!!!
lliIlpll III
20 ~
~

10
.033.D5 .1 .2.3 .5 1 2 3 5 10

MAXIMUM EXPOSURE IN SECONDS

Figure 1.2

X-Ray Tube Rating Chart

HF-IIOA Section I

25,000

20,000 l

15,000 \ - OIL INSULATION

10,000 ~
1\
5,000 "­ .........
r---.. ~ -
o 3 6 9 12 15
TillE IN MINUTES
X - Ray Tube Anode Cooling Curve

210
250
240 \
\
2-0
220
210
\,
210
\
110
\
1
·0
u.
110
,
en
1&1
11'0
110
\
,,
,
1&1
II: 110
51
c
140
110
~
120
110
100
10
"" i'-.
.0

10
70 '" .............

5'0 2 3 5 .

X - Rey Tube He. HOURS


Assembly Cooling Curve

Figure 1.3

HF-IIOA Section 2

INSTALLATION AND CALIBRATION

CAUTION I
~
This Section Pertains To Authorized DEL Service Personel Only

The stand contains a spring loaded arm with 240 pounds of force. Never release the arm
safety latch without the X-Ray head attached (Applies to additional stand when furnished).

2.1 INTERCONNECTIONS

Connect the control module (Model HF-11 O-CM) to the x-ray generator (Model
HF-110-G) by means of the interconnecting cable by pushing in the connector
and turning clockwise to lock. Connect the power line cord (See drawing
500923 in Section IV for correct plug wiring) to the x-ray control (Model HF-11 0­
CM) by pushing in and turning clockwise to lock. Connect the other end of
power line cord to the primary power source (wall outlet).

Caution

Be certain that the primary power source (wall outlet) is the same rating as the voltage
specified on the label. located on the rear panel of the x-ray control.

10
HF·IIOA Section 2

2.2 CALIBRATION SET-UP

Connect the mAs meter to the phone jack (J4) located in the bottom plate of the
Generator Assy. Load the kVp Divider (Kiethley model 35080A) with the 50 ­
150 kVp cassette and place it in the X-Ray field. Set the function switch to Run.
connect the kVp Divider cable to the oscilloscope (storage type) and set up the
scope as follows:
Volts/Div: 1 Display: set to Storage
Time/Div: 20ms Source: Channel 1
Ground Input/trace: lower line Input: DC
Mode: Channel 1 Trigger Mode: Single
Pre trigger: 2 division Push "Run"

2.3 BEAM CURRENT (mA)


The mA (beam current) is pre-set at the factory and is self regUlating so there is
no need for adjustment. The squareness of the waveshape (leading edge) can
be adjusted by the service man as follows:
Set the "Service" switch to position 1 (ref. fig. 2.1). The kVp meter should
display 50 kVp, 15 mA indicator will illuminate and the center indicator will
illuminate and the center indicator of the density bar graph will light.
1) Collimate the X-Ray beam to size of the filter pack on the kVp Divider. Set
Channel 2 of the oscilloscope to view the ma waveshape via the mA Jack
(J4) and step away from the unit. Make an exposure and view the mA
waveshape. Use the Plus and Minus arrow keys of the "Density Adjust" to
calibrate the leading edge of the mA waveshape. If the leading edge is high
(more than 20% of the indicated waveshape), then use Minus key to subtract
from the mA reference. If the leading edge is low (less than 20% of the
indicated waveshape), then use Plus key to add to the rnA reference.

11
HF-IIOA Section 2

2.3 Continued:

2) Depress the "Reset" button to enter the change into the microprocessor. the
15 rnA Station LED should go off to indicate that the unit is out of the mA
calibration mode and into the 50 kVp calibration mode.
NOTE: Entering calibration data automatically advances the unit to the next
calibration point. Adjustments can be verified at any time by rotating the
"Service" switch to the 0 position and making an exposure.

2.4 TUBE POTENllAL (kVp)

With the "Service" switch set at position 1 proceed as follows: Make an

exposure and compute the kVp by counting the base line as 42 kVp and each

division as 10 kVp.

1) Use the Plus and Minus arrow keys of the Density Adjust to calibrate the kVp.

If the output is high, then use Minus key to subtract from the kVp reference.
If the output is low, then use Plus key to add to the kVp reference. Each
increment of the density bar graph is 0.5 kVp for a total range of +/- 5 kVp.
2) Depress the "Reset" button to enter the change into the microprocessor. The
kVp meter will now display 60 kVp and the 15 rnA Station LED will light to
indicate that the unit is in the 15 rnA calibration mode at 60 kVp.
3) Repeat steps 2.3 and 2.4 for the 60-100 kVp/15 mA range in 10 kVp
increments.
4) Set the "Service" switch to position 2.
5) Repeat steps 5.0 and 6.0 for the 50-100 kVp125 mA range in 10 kVp
increments.
6) Set the "Service" switch to the 0 position. Verify the calibration points and
note on checklist.

12

HF-IIOA Section 2

2.4 Continued:

If any points need to be fine tuned, set the "Service" switch to the required
setting and toggle through the calibration modes using the "Reset" button until
the correct range is found.

2.5 EXPOSURE TIME

Remove the phone plug from the mA jack. Measure the time base of the kVp
wave form at the 50% level. confirm timer accuracy as indicated on checklist.

2.6 BEAM ALIGNMENT


Clamp down ear(s) of head to prevent movement during alignment. Rotate
collimator so that knobs are facing front and tighten lock. Place Alignment Tool
(RMI, 161A) in beam at 40" and collimate the field just to the outside edge of the
silver border. Place Beam Alignment Tool (RMI, 162A) in center of the field
(center dot at intersection of center lines) and adjust beam so that shadow of
upper dot covers lower dot. Readjust borders if necessary. place identifying
numbers ( serial no.) on upper right comer and take an exposure at 60 kVp, 2
mAs. Develop film and inspect image. Measure the actual x-ray field and record
the numbers on the checklist. In addition to the overall size the center of the x­
ray field must coincide with the center of the light field within +/- 1% of the SID
(0.4"). If the centers are too far out of alignment, adjustment of collimator light
field is necessary. Place the alignment tool in the field such that the light field is
lined up to the outside edge of the silver border

13

HF-IIOA Section 2

2.6 Continued:

Place the exposed film on top of the alignment tool making sure that the exposed
border of the film coincides with the silver border of the alignment tool. Adjust
the Collimator light field to coincide with the exposed field of the x-ray film.
Rotate collimator to access and remove cover plate. Locate vertical and
horizontal hex head adjustment bolts, and 2 slotted clamping screws. Loosen
the clamping screws slightly and adjust hex headed bolts
Move Beam Left Tum horizontal bolt CON
Move Beam Right - Tum horizontal bolt ON
Move Beam Down --Tum vertical bolt CON
Move Beam Up Tum vertical bolt ON

Rotate collimator back to original position to check alignment by repeating


original procedure. If field cannot be sufficiently centered with adjustment bolts,
notify supervisor otherwise continue.

14

HF-IIOA Section 2

Figure 2.1

Service Switch Location

15

HF-IIOA Section 3

UNIT OPERATION

3.1 CONTROLS AND INDICATORS (Ref. Figure 3.1)

DESCRIP1"ION FUNC1"ION
1) POWER ON SWITCHI Rocker type switch that controls the primary
CIRCUIT BREAKER (20 A) power into the generator. Operating the

* See note Below switch turns the unit on. Power should not

be turned on until the generator is ready for


use. Also circuit breaker will trip if excess
current is drawn.
2) KVP METER A digital LED meter that indicates the
selected kVp with 1 kVp resolution.
3) MAS METER A digital LED meter that indicates the
computed MAS prior to exposure.
4) TIMER METER A digital LED meter that indicates the preset
time interval from 0.01 to 4 seconds.
5) KVP ADJUST Two momentary switches that adjust the kVp
from 50 to 100 kVp in 1 kVp increments.
6) MA SELECTORS Two momentary switches that selects either
the 15 or the 25 rnA station.
7) TIMER ADJUST Two momentary switches that adjust the
exposure time from 0.01 to 4 seconds.

8) READY INDICATOR Illuminates when unit is ready for operation.


Automatically prevents excessive operation
by means of a time delay circuit.
N01"E: Internal fuses provide protection for auxiliary AC and DC circuits.
Replacement to be done by Authorized DEL Personnel only.

16

HF-IIOA Section 3

3.1 Continued:

DESCRIPTION FUNCTION

9) X-RAY ON INDICATOR Illuminates when exposure switch is


depressed to indicate the timed interval of
x-ray output. In addition, an audio tone is
generated at the same time.
10) FAULT INDICATOR A lamp that illuminates to indicate that a
fault condition has occurred. Refer to table
5.2 for a description of fault conditions.

11) AEC ON/OFF SWITCH Activates the AEC mode. The "Density" bar
(Optional Equipment) graph will illuminate, the exposure time and
mAs meters will blank out.
12) GRID ON/OFF SWITCH Pre-programmed density offset to
(Optional Equipment) compensate for grid attenuation.
13) RESET BUTTON Clears and resets the front panel controls in
the event of a fault condition (reference
Table 5.2)
14) DENSITY BAR GRAPH Indicates the percent off set in the density
(Optional Equipment) control.
15) DENSITY ADJUST Adjusts the density up or down from neutral
(Optional Equiptment) (1.0 density) in 5% steps.
16) OPERATE SWITCH A two position switch that controls the x-ray
output. The first position is for prep (ready
light goes out and comes back on when unit
is prepped), the second position is for x-ray
(x-ray light comes on while x-rays are being
produced).

17
HF-IIOA Section 3

3.1 Continued:

DESCRIPTION FUNCTION
OPERATE SWITCH Premature release of the exposure switch
continued: will terminate the exposure and light the
fault lamp. Depress the RESET button to
clear the fault and reset the timer.

3.2 CONNECTORS AND MECH. CONTROLS (Ref. FIG 3.2, 3.3)


DESCRIPTION FUNCTION
A) EXPOSURE CONTROL Connector that allows removal of the
CONNECTOR Exposure control switch.
B) A.C. INPUT CONNECTOR CAUTION Apply only the voltage specified
on the nameplate.
C) INTERCONNECT CABLE Connects the Generator Assy. To the
Control Assembly.
D) AEC DETECTOR JACK Connects detector to control assembly.
AEC will not power up unless the detector
assy. is connected.
E) YOKE ASSEMBLY Controls position of the head assembly.
Allows pivoting about two axis's, maintains
position with friction locks.
F) BOOM ARM Controls height adjustment of head
assembly.
G) SKIN GUARDS Limits Source to Skin Distance (SSD).
WARNING: Do not use as handles.
H) BOOM ARM RELEASE Release "Piston Lock" allowing movement of
the boom arm.

18

HF-IIOA Section 3

3.2 Continued:

I
CAUTION

it

ATTEMPTING TO MOVE THE BOOM ARM WITHOUT RELEASING THE LOCK

CAN RESULT lli. DAMAGE TO THE PISTONS (Applies to additional stand when

furnished)

DESCRIPTION FUNCTION
I) SKID BARS Functions as handles during transport and
rest blocks in the storage mode (ref. View B
of fig. 3.3).
J) WHEEL BRAKE Manual lever. Prevents unit from rolling
when positioned on an incline or in the
storage mode.
K) LEG RELEASE Spring loaded slide bracket. Allows front leg
to be folded into the storage position (ref.
View B of fig. 3.3).
L) COLLIMATOR LAMP Depressing the button activates the lamp
which automatically extinguished after 15
seconds to extend bulb life.
M) COLLIMATOR INPUT Connects the collimator to the 24 VDC
power supply via the Generator Assembly.
N) MA TEST JACK Test point for rnA during the calibration
mode (Ref. Section 2.0)

19

HF·IIOA Section 3

3.3 OPERATING PROCEDURES: Control/Generator (Ref. Figures 3.1, 3.2)

CAUTION I
Lh
Do not attempt to connect or disconnect any interconnect cables
without disconnecting the mains supply first.

1) Operate the "Power On" switch (1) to turn the primary power on.
2) Position the generator at the desired distance from the film cassette (Ref. Table
3.1 for technique guides). The model P180HS collimator has a built-in tape
measure to determine SID (source to image distance) accurately.
3) Activate the "Collimator Lamp" by depressing the push-button located on the
front of the collimator. The collimator lamp will automatically extinguish after a
period of approximately 15 seconds to extend bulb life.
4) Position the generator so that the collimator light beam is centered on the film
cassette.
5) Collimate the light field to the area of interest by means of the shutter adjust
knobs.
6) Select the desired kVp by means of the kVp adjust switches (5).
7) Select the desired mA station by means of the mA selector switches (6).
8) Adjust the "Exposure Time" Control to the desired time interval by means of the
Time selectors (7). The resultant mAs is displayed on the mAs meter (3)
9) After the required warm up period, the "Ready" Indicator (4) will illuminate. It
will not be possible to operate the unit until this has occurred. If the unit has not
been operated for a long period of time an additional 2 minute waiting period is
recommended.
10) While holding the "Remote Exposure Control" (16), step at least 6 feet to the
rear or side of the x-ray generator.

20
HF-IIOA Section 3

3.3 Continued:

11) Depress the "X-Ray Switch" to the first position (prep). The "Ready Light" (8)
will go off and come back on when the unit is fully prepped.
12) Depress the "X-Ray Switch" to the second position for immediate exposure. An
audio tone will sound in addition to the "X-Ray" indicator (5) illuminating for the
duration of the exposure. Releasing the "X-Ray" switch prior to the pre-selected
time interval will terminate the exposure,
light the "FAULT" Indicator and display a fault condition (Ref. Table 5.2).

NOTES:

1) Unless the x-ray generator is going to be immediately used again, the "Power
ON" switch (1) should be tumed off. Leaving the unit tumed on provides
opportunity for an accidental operation.
2) If the unit is going to be operated again, an automatic inhibit circuit will allow
the x-ray tube to cool in proportion to the exposure time to prevent damage to
the x-ray tube from overheating. At the end of this cycle the "Ready" light
(4) will illuminate indicating an exposure can be made.

21

HF-IIOA Section 3

3.4 OPERATING PROCEDURE: Mechanical Stand (Reference figure 3.3)

(Applies to additional stand when fumished)


From Storage Position:
1) Release the Safety Pin from the front leg and unfold the front leg to it's
locked position.
2) Retum the Safety Pin to it's original position.
3) Grab hold of the Skid Bars (I) and stand the unit up.
4) Release the Wheel Brakes (J) and move the unit to the area of interest.
5) Pull back and hold the Boom Arm Release (H).
6) While holding the Boom Arm Release raise the Generator/Collimator to
the desired position.
7) Position the Generator/Collimator Assy. (All movements are controlled by
friction locks and will remain where set).

From Working Position:


8) Position Generator/Collimator Assy inline with the Boom Arm.
NOTE: Skin guards must be positioned to straddle the front leg.
9) Pull back and hold the Boom Arm Release (H).
10) Slowly move the Generator/Collimator Assy. To it's storage position.
11) Release Boom Arm Release (H).
12) Lock both Wheel Brakes (J).
13) Place a foot on the Kick Plate (located under the Cassette Box) pull back
on the Skid Bars and rest the unit down (ref. Fig. 3.3, view B).
14) Remove the Safety Pin on the front leg.
15) Slide the Leg Release (K) back and fold down the front leg.
16) Retum the Safety Pin to it's original position.

22

HF-IIOA Section 3

3.3 OPERA1"ING PROCEDURES: Optional 28" Mechanical Stand


(Reference Section 5 Drawing 700394)

CAUTION

THE OPTIONAL 28" MECHANICAL STAND CONTAINS A


COUNTERWEIGHTTO PREVENT TIP OVER. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO
REMOVE COUNTERWEIGHT, CASSETTE CASE OR GENERATOR
ASSEMBLY WITHOUT REFERING TO DRAWING NUMBER 700395 in
Section 5.

From Storage Position:


1) Grab hold of the skid bars (I) and stand the unit up.
2) Release the wheel Brakes (J) and move the unit to the area of intererest.
3) Pull back and hold the Boom Arm Release (H).
4) While holding the Boom Arm Release raise the Generator/Collimator to
desired position.
5) Position the Generator/Collimator Assy. (All movements are controlled by
friction locks and will remain where set.
From Working Position:

6) Position Generator/Collimator Assy inline with the Boom Arm.

NOTE: Skin guards (G) must be positioned to straddle the front leg.
7) Pull back and hold the Boom Arm Release (H).
8) Slowly move the Generator/Collimator Assy. To it's storage position.
9) Release Boom Arm Release (H).
10) Lock both Wheel Brakes.

22a
HF-IIOA Section 3

TABLE 3.1

TECHNIQUE CHART

Film Screen: Kodak OG Film: Lanex Regular Screen (400 speed) 40" SID

EXAMINA nos THICKNESS KVP MAS GRID

Hand 2-4 em 50 2.0 No


5-7 em 50 2.0 No
Wrist 2-4 em 52 2.0 No
5-7 em 52 2.0 No
Forearm (AP) 2-4 em 50 2.0 No
5-7 em 56 2.5 No
8-10 em 60 2.5 No
Forearm (LAT) 4-6 em 50 2.0 No
7-9 em 56 2.5 No
10-12 em 60 2.5 No
Elbow (AP) 5-7 em 60 2.5 No
8-10 em 63 2.5 No
Elbow (LAT) 4-6 em 60 2.5 No
7-9 em 63 2.5 No
Humerous 5-7 em 60 2.5 No
8-10 em 63 2.5 No
Ankle (AP) 5-7 em 60 2.5 No
8-10 em 63 2.5 No
Ankle (LAT) 5-7 em 60 2.5 No
8-10 em 63 2.5 No
Knee 7-9 em 60 4.0 No
10-12 em 66 5.0 No
Foot (AP) 2-4 em 50 2.0 No
5-7 em 54 2.5 No
Foot (LAT) 4-6 em 58 2.0 No
7-9 em 64 2.5 No
Femur 6-8 em 63 3.0 No
12-14 em 66 3.5 No
Shoulder 4-6 em 60 3.2 No
7-9 em 4.0 4.0 No
USpine (AP) 21-23 em 80 20 Yes

23

HF·IIOA Section 3

TABLE 3.1

TECHNIQUE CHART

Film/Screen: Kodak OG Film: Lanex Regular Screen (400 speed) 40" SID

EXAMINATION THICKNESS

USpine (LAT) 32-34 em 100 30 Yes


Pelvis/Hip 12-14 em 73 10 Yes
20-22 em 77 18 Yes
26-28 em 78 40 Yes
Chest (AP) 12-16 em 80 1.0 No
22-24 em 80 1.6 No
30-34 em 80 2.2 No
Chest (LAT) 32-36 em 90 2.0 No
36-40 em 90 2.2 No
Abdomen 8-12 em 72 10 Yes
18-22 em 77 18 Yes
28-32 em 80 36 Yes

24

HF-IIOA Section 3

_tic E - - . too_
. ... .. . . ......
-----­ _

( ~~~~~o~~bo~oooo~,~~ob [JJ
----/

_I
Q!!C(!I

Figure 3.1

Control Panel Descriptions

25

HF-IIOA Section 3

Figure 3.2

Connector Locations

26

HF-IIOA Section 3

V1EW-A

VIE:W-B

Figure 3.3

Stand Descriptions

27

HF-IIOA Section 4

THEORY OF OPERATION

4.1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The Model HF-110-CM incorporates three major electrical sub-assemblies. The


generator Assembly consists of the high voltage circuitry, the x-ray tube and the
collimator (further discussed in section 4.2). The Control Assembly houses all of
the electronics, microprocessor, high frequency generating circuits and the front
panel controls (further discussed in section 4.3). The Inverter Assembly is part
of the Control Assembly, but is discussed in detail in section 4.3. The optional
Automatic Exposure Control houses the x-ray sensor and its associated
electronics (discussed in section 4.4).

4.2. GENERATOR ASSEMBLY

The Generator Assembly is made up of both the High Frequency Head and the
Collimator, which are both interconnected with the control assembly via
connector J1 (Ref. Dwg 700285). The voltage used to generate the high
voltage at the high frequency head enters the assembly at pins A & B of
connector J1. The voltage is approximately 600 VPP at an approximate 20 kHz
square wave, for a 100 kVp output.
The filament voltage enters at pins F<G&H of connector J1. Pin H is at a DC
level of approximately 15 V, and pins F & G have a high frequency voltage of
about 30 VPP at approximately 400 Hz with respect to ground. Pin L of J1 is the
rnA feedback signal (10V = 25mA). Pins C&D of J1 provide a 24 VAC voltage
for the collimator lamp and timer. Pin E of J1 is the ground pin, pin K of J1 is
the kV feedback signal (10 V=1 OOkV). Connector J2 (rnA jack) places a rnA
meter in series with the rnA line for calibration purposes (Ref. Section 2.3).

28

HF-IIOA Section 4

4.3 CONTROL AsSEMBLY

The Control Assembly is made up of the following sub-assemblies; Control PCB


Assembly, Microprocessor Assembly, Front Panel Assembly, low voltage power
supply and the automatic Line Sense (optional).
The Control Assembly is powered by 120 VAC or 220 VAC via connector J1. C5
is connected across the incoming lines to filter any surges. With circuit breaker
CB1 closed, an AC voltage is applied through resistor R1 to the rectifier 'filter
section. This section is made up of CR1, C1, C2 and R2. The Rectifier and
Capacitors make up a classical full wave doubler when the 120 VAC mode is
selected by the automatic line sense (A4). When the 220 V mode is selected
the rectifier assy. (CR1) becomes a full wave bridge. Resistor R2 is the bleeder
for the capacitors, and resistor R1 is used to limit the in-rush current.
Relay contacts 1A and 1B short resistor R1 during the Prep and X-ray period to
allow the line to deliver the required power. Transistors Q1 and Q2 make up a
full bridge high frequency circuit operating at approximately 20 kHz. This circuit
is energized during the X-Ray On period and is used to convert the DC voltage
back to high frequency Ac to drive the high voltage transformer in the generator
assembly (approx. 20 kHz).
The Control PCB Assembly (A1) takes commands from the microprocessor and
converts them into high frequency signals to drive the full bridge. Current
transformer T2 is used to monitor the high frequency current out of the Full
Bridge, and provides an interrupt in the event of excessive current flow. The
high frequency voltage output of the full Bridge is taken from transistors Q1­
C2E1 and Q2-e2E1. The output signal now flows through capacitor C3 and
goes to connector J2 pins A and B. Capacitor C3 is used to block any DC
voltage from entering the primary of the High Voltage Transformer in the
Generator Assembly

29
HF-IIOA Section 4

4.3 Continued:

Transformer T1 is an isolation transformer, one of its secondaries is 24 VAC and


is used as the prime source of the filament and also goes to connector J2 pins C
and 0 to power up the collimator lamp. The microprocessor PCB Assy. (A2) is
used as the brain of the unit, it receives the X-Ray Prep and X-Ray On signals
from the exposure switch, which is connected via J3. The x-ray prep signal
which is active low (active low=approx. OV, active high=approx. +5V), goes into
the microprocessor at P1 pin 1. It also goes to the Control PCB via P11 pin 1,
where it activates the filament circuitry and also energizes relay K1. All this
prepares the unit for an x-ray exposure. When the x-ray signal (active low), is
applied to J3 pin A the signal is fed into the microprocessor via P1 and pin
2, that initiates a timed signal (active high), which exits from the
microprocessor at P1 pin 17 and enters the Control PCB (A1) at P11 pin 7. It
is also used to initiate the audible beeper which is part of the microprocessor
board (A2). The microprocessor also monitors the FAULT signal (active low),
on P1 pin 40 from the Control PCB (A1) P11 pin 9. The microprocessor also
outputs an adjustable voltage level from P1 pin 21 which is the reference out
signal (typical 5 to 10 VDC) and is proportional to the KV output.
The microprocessor also selects the rnA station from connector P1 pin 29 into
P11 pin 3 of the Control PCB Assembly. A low signal selects the 15 rnA station
and a high signal selects the 25 mA station. A filament control signal leaves the
microprocessor via P1 pin 23 (LM350 control), this signal is used to provide a
calibrated voltage to the filament during the PREP mode to preheat the filament.
During the exposure the control board regulates the amount of filament power
needed to produce the current that is set by the operator (15 mA or 25 rnA). A
BCD switch is provided on the microprocessor board and is used for calibration
purposes. The AEC signal enters on J4 pin 2, which goes to the microprocessor
at P1 pin 33, that signal is present during an x-ray exposure in the AEC mode

30

HF-IIOA Section 4

4.3 Continued:

The AEC interlock signal (active low), enters the microprocessor board at P1 pin
39. This signal is low when the AEC assembly is connected via J4. The front
panel assembly (A3) houses all the push buttons and indicators for operating the
unit and is connected to the microprocessor through ribbon cable assembly W1.
The filament control board generates the high frequency voltage that feeds the
primary of the filament transformer pins F,H and G on J2.
The power supply assembly A4 provides the +/- 15VDC and +5 VDC for all the
low voltage (signal processing) electronics.
The optional automatic line sense assembly AS monitors the input voltage and
switches a set of contacts which changes the rectifier filter section from a full
wave doubler to a full wave bridge. It also selects the proper tap on the control
transformer T1.

4.4 AUTOMATIC EXPOSURE CONTROL (Optional Equipmmt)

The automatic exposure control assembly consists of an x-ray sensitive


transducer with a buffer amplifier that provides a proportional analog signal to
the microprocessor during the exposure.

31

HF·IIOA Section 5

UNIT MAINTENANCE

I CAUTION I
Lh

This Section Pertains To Authorized DEL Service Personnel Only


5.1 INTRODUCTION

In order to keep the Dynarad unit operating properly, it must be inspected and
checked in accordance with the recommended intervals depending on the age
and use of the equipment. If there is a problem, call an authorized serviceman.
DO NOT OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT UNTIL REPAIRS ARE COMPLETED.

5.2 RECOMMENDED INTERVALS

Periodic preventive maintenance including cleaning, mechanical and electrical


adjustments, are to be performed every six months or 3000 exposures. The
periodic maintenance schedule is required to maintain the unit in proper and
accurate working condition.

5.3 ORDERING INFORMATION

To order replacement parts contact your local authorized Dynarad dealer.


Authorized Dynarad dealers should contact the main office at (516) 242-5550
between the hours of 9:00 AM and 5:00 PM. When ordering replacement parts
be prepared to submit the following information: purchase order no. (If
possible), Dynarad part number, part description, quantity required and shipping
instructions. If replacement parts are for a unit under warranty be prepared to
submit model numbers and serial numbers to expedite your order.

5.4 MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE

Reference the checklist on following page and verify that all check points have
been completed.

32
HF-IIOA Section 5

TABLE 5.1

MAINTENANCE CHECKLIST

MODEL: HF-110-CM SERIAL # _

1) Beam Current (Reference Section 2.3)


2) Tube Potential (Reference Section 2.4).
3) Exposure time (Reference Section 2.5).
4) Beam Alignment (Reference Section 2.6)
5) Check voltage at J1 pins 1 and 3 (collimator supply)
with collimator unplugged (28 VAC RMS).
6) Check that all Indicator lights are operating.
7) Check that all hardware is tightly secured.
8) Check that collimator mounting ring is tight
9) Check all interconnect cables for broken or frayed wires.
10) Check that all hardware is secure and properly fastened.
11) Check that all friction locks (head rotation) are properly
adjusted, tighten as required.
12) Inspect piston mounts. Make sure shoulder bolts are secure.

NOTE: When cleaning, use a cloth moistened in warm soapy water (use mild soap).
Do not soak the unit and do not use strong cleaners or solvents as they may
blur the lettering or dull the finish. Polish with pure liquid or pate was. Do not
use a wax containing a cleaning substance. Do not polish the meter windows.

SERVICE ENGINEER: _

33

HF-IIOA Section 5

TABLE 5.2
DISPLAYED FAULT CONDITIONS

DISPLAY FAULT DESCRIPTION AC1"ION REQUIRED

1 Memory failure (RAM). Call for Service


2 Battery Back-Up failure (ROM). Call for Service
3 EPROM Failure. Call for Service
4 Back-Up timer activated Reset Unit - See note 1
5 Exposure terminated by operator. Reset Unit
6 Inverter failure. Reset Unit - See note 1
9 No mA signal. Call for Service
10 High Voltage circuit failure. Call for Service

NOTES:

1) May indicate a timer problem. Depress the reset button to clear the fault
condition and continue. If the problem persists, call for service.
2) Make sure that the detector cable is properly connected to the control
assembly. Depress the reset button to clear the fault condition and
continue. If the problem persists, switch to the manual mode and call for
service. May indicate a technique problem. Depress the reset button to
clear the fault condition and refer to Table 3.1 for the proper technique
factors. If the problem persists, call for service.

34

IRA'MNG NO. REVISIONS


l'
700394 l<I ZONE DESCRlP110N

NEW RELEASE
:=.~
~'-----"I
111 ---..­

l'
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~~
.... -0
(\J

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....~ ,
q
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>
lL.

1
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.....
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N

11
il;b
,..;.....4
eru

()
1
01
oj
'"'01,
1.
-1.
. . . . - - - - - - - - - - - -
:=.q .1
00
r-,

UNLESS OTHER'MSE SPECIFIED I MATERIAL:


DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES
PROPRIETARY NOTE TOLER ACES ARE: RAE:DO~~AARL~ ~~~:i I II/Hllo})JfR!J&£Wj[ff)
tRACTIONS DECIMALS ANGLES 19 JEFRYN BLVD. WEST. DEER PARK. HEW YORK, '1729-5715
~~ ± 1/64 xx ± .01 ± 30' TITLE
b\E INfORlolAnON CQNTAINED HEREIN'S CONnoEHnAL AND .XXX±0.005 OUTLlN£ DRAWING
PROPRtETARY ,NFDRllAnON OF DEL GlD8Al. ltOlNDl.OGIES CONP., ITS
SUBSIOIARIES AND AmLiAlES rDEL·) AND IS A TRADE SECRET OF DEL
....01 SHALL NOT lIE DISCLOSED to ANY THIRD PARTY OR COPIED rlNISH:
IMDiOUT THE EXPRESS PIlIOll WR'TlDl CllHSENT OF DEL
DRAWING NO. REV.
MS CONFIDENflAL AND PROPRIETARY INfORlolAnON IS TO lIE USED
ONlY FOIl THE SOlE PURPOSE AGREED TO 8Y DEL. ALL CllHFIOENn"l.
AND PROPRIETARY INFOfIllAnON llUST lIE REIURHED TO DEL PROllPTLY 700394 A
uPON DEL'S REMST.
NO. REQ'O
NEXT ASSY USED ON
DRAWING NO. REVISIONS
700395 I ZONE I REV. I DESCRIPTION I ~ ...: I CI!ECKEO
TAl NEW RELEASE l,z.. /7 •Iff V""
r

; "­..."
ONE SER~CE PERSON
l'=
MUST HOLD SKID BAR
1 TO PREVENT TIP OVER
~
..
ONE SER~CE PERSON TO
/
REMOVE X-RAY HEAD ENGAGE WHEEL BRAKE
(BOTH SIDES)

--.
w

CAUTION

DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REMOVE X-RAY HEAD UNLESS

&

PERFORMED BY TWO AUTHORIZED DYNARAD SERVICE PERSONEL

STAND WILL TIP OVER WHEN X-RAY HEAD IS REMOVED

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIF"IED MATERIAL:


DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHEs REMOVE ALL BURRS
PROPRIETARY NOTE TOLER ACES ARE: AND SHARP EDGES
HHIUH 0 Jll!i\fJ/}JfI]fIj@
rRACnONS DECIMALS ANGLES ,g JEfRYN BLVD. WEST, DEER PJRI(, NDf YORI<, "729-5715
~@ ± 1/64 .XX:l: .01 ± JO'
THE INrORM' nON CONTAIHEO HERt:lN 1$ CONflll£Nn.~ 'NO .xXX:l:O.005
PROPRI[U/lY lNrOllM.nON Of on Q.OII'L 1£QiNQ.OClf:S COIlP.,
IT,
SU8S1D1'Rf[S 'NO .mu.T[S ("ll£LO) 'NO IS • lll.C[ SECRt:T Of C[~
lIHlCN $H'L~ NOT 8[ DISClOSED to .NY !WIIID P'RTY OIl COPI[O - F"INISH:
'MTNOUT !W[ EXPRt:SS PAlO1l llll1T1Of CONSENT Of OEL.

1>ltS COHRO£Nn.~ 'ND PROPRIET'RY INroR.... nON IS TO II[ USED


ONLY rOIl !WE SQ.[ PURPOSE 'QlEED TO BY OR. 'LL COHflC[Nn~
...0 PROPRIET'RY INFOIlM.nOH MUST BE RETURNED TO C[~ PROUPRY
l'PON OE~'S REOUEST.

NEXT ASSY I USED ON