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2018

Operating System Familiarization


Mykyel Bey
OPERATING SYSTEMS FUNDAMENTALS ASSIGNMENT

Contents
Summary ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Goals..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Windows............................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................................................... 2
Administrative Tools and Monitoring Services .............................................................................................................. 3
Ubuntu ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4
Virtualization ....................................................................................................................................................................... 5
OPERATING SYSTEMS FUNDAMENTALS ASSIGNMENT

Summary
Differences in operating systems, and how virtualization plays a role in using operating systems.

Goals
The goal of the lab is to instruct any person that may have never been tech savvy on the basics of an
operating system.

Windows
Troubleshooting

1. If the ‘mouse’ is wired, the tip of the plug is color-coded to a port on the back of the computer or
it will be in USB form, so check to make sure it is connected to the color-code port or the USB port; if
it is ‘wireless’, check to make sure proper slot for the USB, that comes with the ‘mouse’, is
connected. If it is still unresponsive, a driver may need to be installed that either came with the
device such as a CD or flash drive. If all remedies have been exhausted, click the Window’s Start
button on the bottom left corner of the screen, click the search bar, type and click “settings”, a screen
will appear with multiple icons, click the one listed as “devices”. Once selected, all devices
connected to the computer shall display the status of each enabled device.
2. To monitor traffic on a network, a user must right-click the bottom bar of the bottom of the screen
called a “taskbar”. Once the file opens, click the tab labeled “more details”, which guides a user to a
task – manager – type of menu with a tab labeled “App History”. Or click the Windows-start button,
type and click “Networks and Internet”, select the “Data Usage” tab which displays traffic months ago
from a previous date or time only.
3. If local users are place within the network for administrators wrongfully, click the Window’s Start
button on the bottom left corner of the screen, type and click “settings”, click accounts, then “Family
and Others” tab, under either category, select the user, click “change account type”; select standard
user or administrator.

4. A coworker's software is unresponsive, and you have a file that wasn't saved. how do you
proceed?
OPERATING SYSTEMS FUNDAMENTALS ASSIGNMENT

Administrative Tools and Monitoring Services


1. A resource monitor is used to allocate resources to specific software for executing tasks and
functions throughout an operating system through Time-multiplexing and Space-multiplexing.
2. To partition a hard-drive, click the Windows-start button on the bottom left corner of the screen,
type and click “File Explorer”, then on the far left column of the screen, you should see a tab labelled
“This PC”, right-click “This PC”, and select “manage”. A screen will display “disk management” and
upon clicking will open a screen showing the volume, layout, type, File System, and status of a drive
within the computer. Right-click the box labeled “(C:)”, select “Shrink Volume”, a process which will
take a few moments. A screen will pop up prompting a user to allocate a certain amount of space on
the hard-drive. A new box on the previous screen will display a new “unallocated” box, which should
be right-clicked and then select “New Simple Volume” which will open up a “Simple Volume Wizard”
screen, select next, a new screen with the amount of space allocate should remain the same, unless
the user has not allocated an amount of hard-drive space, click next which will open a window for
assigning the partitioned space a “drive letter”, click next once selected. The next screen that
appears is the “Format Partition” screen, so click or check off the bubble that reads” Format this
volume”, then type a name for the drive in the boxed named “Volume Label”, click next, review the
information you presented to the computer for accuracy, then click “Finish”.
3. To view the logs the computer has been collecting, click the Windows-start button on the bottom
left corner of the screen, type and click “Event Viewer”, click the “Windows logs” tab, and review the
correlating issue in which the user may have.

4. To change the startup configuration or boot settings, click the Windows key + R at the bottom left
of the keyboard which opens command, when it appears type msconfig and click Enter, once open
a “System Configuration”, click the “Boot” tab to assure that the Windows OS is present and at a
default setting.
OPERATING SYSTEMS FUNDAMENTALS ASSIGNMENT

Ubuntu
Please write all the steps taken to perform the following steps.

 A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and security administrator preparing for
an audit, wanting a list of all user accounts on the Linux system, would need to go
to the terminal and type (user name) /etc/passwd command.
 To check performances and processes of the cpu, go to the Terminal and run top
which displays system resources and ps for actual running processes.
 You are preparing for a system migration and you need to make sure you move all
the home directories on your system to a new server. You know that all the home
directories are in /home. Using Terminal list the contents of that directory. How
many user home directories do you see? You need to see the last 20 entries in a log
file, but tail only shows you the last ten by default. How would you get the tail
command to show you the last 20 entries?
OPERATING SYSTEMS FUNDAMENTALS ASSIGNMENT

Virtualization
Explain how to setup Ubuntu in a type 2 hypervisor like VMWare.