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3 – KINEMATICS

D.
1. A tennis ball is thrown horizontally in air from the
top of a tall building. If the effect of air resistance
is not negligible, what happens to the horizontal
and vertical components of the ball’s velocity?
horizontal vertical component
omponent of velocity
of velocity
A. constant constant
B. constant increases at a constant 4. The acceleration of free fall on the Moon is one-
rate sixth of that on Earth. On Earth it takes time t for
a stone to fall from rest a distance of 2 m. What is
C. decreases to zero increases at a constant
rate the time taken for a stone to fall from rest a
distance of 2 m on the Moon?
D. decreases to zero increases to a maximum
value A. 6t
t
B.
2. An object is thrown with velocity 5.2 m s1 6
vertically upwards on the Moon. The acceleration C. t 6
due to gravity on the Moon is 1.62 m s2. What is t
the time taken for the object to return to its D.
starting point? 6
A. 2.5 s
5. Which graph represents the motion of a car that is
B. 3.2 s
travelling along a straight road with a speed that
C. 4.5 s
increases uniformly with time?
D. 6.4 s

3. The graph shows how the acceleration of an object


A.
moving in a straight line varies with time.

B.
The object starts from rest. Which graph shows the
variation with time of the velocity of the object
over the same time interval?

A.
C.

B.
D.

C.
6. A radio-controlled toy car travels along a straight 10. Which graph represents the motion of a car that is
line for a time of 15 s. The variation with time t of travelling along a straight road with a speed that
the velocity v of the car is shown below. increases uniformly with time?

A.

What is the average velocity of the toy car for the


journey shown by the graph?
B.
A. 1.5 m s1
B. 0.0 m s1
C. 4.0 m s1
D. 4.5 m s1

7. A ship of mass 8.4 × 107 kg is approaching a harbour


with speed 16.4 m s1. By using reverse thrust it
can maintain a constant total stopping force of 920 C.
000 N. How long will it take to stop?
15 seconds
A.
150 seconds
B.
25 minutes
C.
250 minutes
D.
8. The graph shows the variation with time of the
D.
speed of a raindrop falling vertically through air.

11. An experiment is performed to measure the


acceleration of free fall g. A body falls between
Which statement is correct?
two fixed points. The four measurements shown
The acceleration decreases to produce a
A. below are taken. Which measurement is not
steady speed.
required for the calculation of g?
The acceleration increases as the speed
B. the distance fallen by the body
increases. A.
The air resistance decreases as the speed the initial velocity of the body
C. B.
the mass of the body
increases. C.
the time taken for the body to fall
The resultant force increases as the speed D.
D.
increases.
12. In a cathode-ray tube, an electron is accelerated
uniformly in a straight line from a speed of 4 × 103
m s1 to 2 × 107 m s1 over a distance of 10 mm.
9. The acceleration of free fall on the Moon is one- What is the acceleration of the electron?
sixth of that on Earth. On Earth it takes time t for A. 2 × 103 m s2
a stone to fall from rest a distance of 2 m. What is B. 2 × 106 m s2
the time taken for a stone to fall from rest a C. 2 × 1013 m s2
distance of 2 m on the Moon? D. 2 × 1016 m s2
6t
A. t
B.
6
C. t 6
t
D.
6
13. The graph shows how the speed v of a sprinter
changes with time t during a 100 m race.

Which velocity-time graph represents the motion of


the ball?

A.

B.

What is the best estimate of the maximum


acceleration of the sprinter?
A. 0.5 m s2
B. 1 m s2
C.
C. 3 m s2
D. 10 m s2

14. In an experiment to determine the acceleration of D.


free fall g, a ball-bearing is held by an
electromagnet. When the current to the
electromagnet is switched off, a clock starts and
the ballbearing falls. After falling a distance h, the
ball-bearing strikes a switch to stop the clock
which measures the time t of the fall. Which
expression can be used to calculate the value of g? 17. A sphere is released and falls. Its initial
ht 2 acceleration reduces until it eventually begins to
A. 2 travel at constant terminal velocity. Which
th2 displacement-time graph best represents the
B. 2 motion of the sphere?
2t
C. A.
h2
2h
D.
t2

15. The diagram shows a velocity-time graph for a


mass moving up and down on the end of a spring.
Which point represents the velocity of the mass
when at the lowest point of its motion?

B.

16. A ball is released from rest on a smooth slope XY.


It moves down the slope, along a smooth horizontal
surface YZ and rebounds inelastically at Z. Then it
moves back to Y and comes to rest momentarily
somewhere on XY.
C. A C
. .

B D
D. . .

21. One of the equations of uniformly accelerated


1
motion is shown. s  ut  at2 at Apparatus is
18. An insect jumps with an initial vertical velocity of 2
arranged to record the time t taken for a marble to
1.0 m s1, reaching a maximum height of 3.5 × 102
fall between two light gates connected to timers.
m. Assume the deceleration is uniform. What is the
The marble touches the stop before it is released.
magnitude of the deceleration?
The vertical distance s between the light gates is
A. 3.6 m s2 measured.
B. 9.8 m s2
C. 14 m s2
D. 29 m s2

19. A body having uniform acceleration a increases its


velocity from u to v in time t. Which expression
would not give a correct value for the body’s
displacement during time t?
A. ut + 1 at2
2
B. vt  1 at2 Which graph does not show a correct relationship
2 when light gate 2 moves up to light gate 1 which is
C. v  uv  u fixed?
2a
D. v  ut
2 A.

20. A light-meter measures the intensity I of the light


incident on it. Theory suggests that I varies
inversely as the square of the distance d.

B.

Which graph of the results supports this theory?


24. In an experiment to determine the acceleration of
free fall g, a ball bearing is held by an
C. electromagnet. When the current to the
electromagnet is switched off, a clock starts and
the ball bearing falls. After falling a distance h, the
ball bearing strikes a switch to stop the clock
which measures the time t of the fall. If systematic
errors cause t and h to be measured incorrectly,
which error must cause g to appear greater than
9.81 m s2?
A. h measured as being smaller than it actually is
D. and t is measured correctly
B. h measured as being smaller than it actually is
and t measured as being larger than it actually
is
C. h measured as being larger than it actually is
and t measured as being larger than it actually
is
D. h is measured correctly and t measured as
being smaller than it actually is

22. A stone is dropped from a height of 20 m above 25. A stone is thrown horizontally from the top of a
water. The graph shows the variation with time of cliff. Air resistance is negligible. Which graph
the velocity of the stone. shows the variation with time of the vertical
component of the stone’s velocity?

A C
. .

B D
. .
Which statement describes the approximate
position of the stone four seconds after it is
dropped?
A. It is at a distance of 10 m above the surface of
the water.
B. It is at a distance of 10 m below the surface of 26. A sprinter runs a 100 m race in a straight line. He
the water. accelerates from the starting block at a constant
C. It is at a distance of 20 m below the surface of acceleration of 2.5 m s2 to reach his maximum
the water. speed of 10 m s1. He maintains this speed until he
D. It is at a distance of 30 m below the surface of crosses the finish line. Which time does it take the
the water. sprinter to run the race?
A. 4 s
23. The water surface in a deep well is 78.0 m below B. 10 s
the top of the well. A person at the top of the well C. 12 s
drops a heavy stone down the well. Air resistance D. 20 s
is negligible. The speed of sound in the air is 330 m 27. A boy throws a ball vertically upwards. It rises to a
s1. What is the time interval between the person maximum height, where it is momentarily at rest,
dropping the stone and hearing it hitting the and then falls back to his hands. Which row gives
water? the acceleration of the ball at various stages in its
A. 3.75 s motion? (Take vertically upwards as positive.
B. 3.99 s Ignore air resistance.)
C. 4.19 s rising at maximum height falling
D. 4.22 s A. 9.81 m s2 0 +9.81 m s2
B. 9.81 m s2 9.81 m s2 9.81 m s2
2 2
C. +9.81 m s +9.81 m s +9.81 m s2
D. +9.81 m s 2
0 9.81 m s2
28. The curved line PQR is the velocity-time graph for
a car starting from rest. 31. A body falling in a uniform gravitational field
encounters air resistance. The air resistance
increases until terminal velocity is reached. Which
factor does not affect its terminal velocity?
A. the density of the air
B. the height from which the body falls
C. the mass of the body
D. the shape of the body

32. A cheetah and an antelope are 100 m apart. The


cheetah spots the antelope and runs towards it.
The antelope reacts to the cheetah after one
What is the average acceleration of the car over second and runs directly away from the cheetah.
the first 5 s? Both animals take 2 seconds to reach their top
A. the area below the curve PQ speeds. The graph shows how the speeds of the
B. the area of the triangle PQS two animals vary with time.
C. the gradient of the straight line PQ
D. the gradient of the tangent at Q

29. A ball is released from rest above a horizontal


surface. It strikes the surface and bounces several
times. The velocity-time graph for the first two
bounces is shown.

How far apart are the animals, 17 seconds after


the cheetah began running?
What is the maximum height of the ball after the A. 4 m
first bounce? B. 11 m
A. 0.20 m C. 54 m
B. 0.25 m D. 89 m
C. 0.45 m
D. 0.65 m 33. A boy throws a stone with a horizontal velocity of
10 m s1 from the top of a building. The height of
the building is 8.0 m. The stone travels along a
30. The velocity of an electric car changes as shown. curved path until it hits the ground, as shown in
the diagram.

How long does it take the stone to reach the


ground? (Air resistance can be neglected.)
A. 0.61 s
B. 0.80 s
What is the acceleration of the car? C. 1.3 s
A. 210 m s2 D. 1.6 s
B. 58 m s2
C. 26 m s2
D. 7.3 m s2
34. A football is released above a plane, sloping
surface and bounces several times. The diagram
shows its path between its bounces at X and at Y.
Assume that there is no air resistance.

Which graph correctly shows the variation with


time t of the horizontal component of its velocity
vh between X and Y?

A.

B.

C.

D.