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2018-DSE

MATH EP
M2

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HONG KONG EXAMINATIONS AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY


HONG KONG DIPLOMA OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION 2018

MATHEMATICS Extended Part


Candidate Number
Module 2 (Algebra and Calculus)
Marking Scheme

8:30 am – 11:00 am (21/2 hours)


This paper must be answered in English

INSTRUCTIONS

1. After the announcement of the start of the examination, you


should first write your Candidate Number in the space provided
on Page 1 and stick barcode labels in the spaces provided on Page
1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11.

2. This paper consists of TWO sections, A and B.

3. Attempt ALL questions in this paper. Write your answers in the


spaces provided in this Question-Answer Book. Do not write in
the margins. Answers written in the margins will not be marked.

4. Graph paper and supplementary answer sheets will be supplied


on request. Write your Candidate Number, mark the question
number box and stick a barcode label on each sheet, and fasten
them with string INSIDE this book.

5. Unless otherwise specified, all workings must be clearly shown.

6. Unless otherwise specified, numerical answers must be exact.

7. The diagrams in this paper are not necessarily drawn in scale.

8. No extra time will be given to candidates for sticking on the


barcode labels or filling in the question number boxes after the
‘Time is up’ announcement.

© 香港考試及評核局 保留版權
Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority
All Rights Reserved 2018
Solution Marks

SECTION A (0 marks)

1. f (1 + h) = [(1 + h)2 − 1]e1+h


= (h2 + 2h)e1+h
f (1 + h) − f (1)
f (1) = lim
h→0 h
(h + 2h)e1+h − 0
2
= lim
h→0 h
= lim (h + 2)e1+h
h→0

= 2e

2. (x + 3)5 = x 5 + C15 (3)x 4 + C25 (3)2 x 3 + C35 (3)3 x 2 + C45 (3)4 x + 35


= x 5 + 15x 4 + 90x 3 + 270x 2 + 405x + 243
 2  
4 16
(x + 3) x −
5
= (x + 15x + 90x + 270x + 405x + 243) x − 8 + 2
5 4 3 2 2
x x
coefficient of x = (1)(16) + (90)(−8) + (405)(1)
3

= −299

3. (a) 2 sin(B − A) = 2 sin B cos A − 2 cos B sin A


= sin A sin B(2 cot A − 2 cot B)
= sin A sin B[cot A + (cot A − 2 cot B)]
= sin A sin B(cot A + (3 − 2) cot B)
= sin A sin B(cot A + cot B)
= sin B cos A + sin A cos B
= sin(A + B)
(b) By (a), the equation is equivalent to
       
4π 5π 5π 4π
sin x + + x+ = 2 sin x + − x+
9 18 18 9
   
13π π
sin 2x + = 2 sin −
18 6
 
1
=2 −
2
= −1
13π 3π
2x + =
18 2

x=
18
∫ ∫
u(5u ) 1
4. (a) u(5u ) du = − 5u du
ln 5 ln 5
u(5u ) 5u
= − +C
ln 5 (ln 5)2

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-1 1
Solution Marks

(b) When f (x) = 0,

x(52x ) = 0
x=0
∫ 1
Required area = x(52x ) dx
0
Let u = 2x. Then du
∫ = 2 dx.
1 2
Required area = u(5u ) du
4 0
 2
1 u(5u ) 5u
= −
4 ln 5 (ln 5)2 0
   
1 2(25) 25 1
= − − 0−
4 ln 5 (ln 5)2 (ln 5)2
25 6
= −
2 ln 5 (ln 5)2

5. (a) Let u = 1 + x 2 . Then du = 2x dx.


∫ ∫
1
x 1 + x dx =
3 2 x 2 (2x) 1 + x 2 dx
2

1 √
= (u − 1) u du
2

1 3 1
= (u 2 − u 2 ) du
2
5 3
u2 u2
= − +C
5 3
5 3
(1 + x 2 ) 2 (1 + x 2 ) 2
= − +C
5 3

(b) y = 15x 3 1 + x 2 dx

= 15 x 3 1 + x 2 dx
5 3
= 3(1 + x 2 ) 2 − 5(1 + x 2 ) 2 + C
Substitute (0, 2),

2 = 3(1) − 5(1) + C
C=4
5 3
The equation of Γ is y = 3(1 + x 2 ) 2 − 5(1 + x 2 ) 2 + 4.

6. (a) When n = 1,
L.H.S. = (1)(5) = 5
1(2)(15)
R.H.S. = = 5 = L.H.S.
6
The statement is true when n = 1.

r
r(r + 1)(2r + 13)
Assume k(k + 4) = for some r ∈ Z+ .
k=1
6

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-2 2
Solution Marks

When n = r + 1,

r+1

r
k(k + 4) = k(k + 4) + (r + 1)(r + 5)
k=1 k=1
r(r + 1)(2r + 13)
= + (r + 1)(r + 5)
6
r +1
= [r(2r + 13) + 6(r + 5)]
6
r +1 2
= (2r + 19r + 30)
6
(r + 1)(r + 2)(2r + 15)
=
6
(r + 1)[(r + 1) + 1][2(r + 1) + 13]
=
6
= R.H.S.

The statement is true when n = k + 1.


By mathematical induction, the statement is true ∀n ∈ Z+ .
555    555

k k +4 1

332
(b) = k(k + 4) − k(k + 4)
k=333
112 223 24 976 k=1 k=1
 
1 (555)(556)(1123) (332)(333)(677)
= −
24 976 6 6
= 1813

7. (a) MX = XM

7 3 a 6a a 6a 7 3
=
−1 5 b c b c −1 5

7a + 3b 42a + 3c 7a − 6a 3a + 30a
=
5b − a 5c − 6a 7b − c 3b + 5c
Comparing corresponding entries,

⎪ 7a + 3b = a




⎨ 42a + 3c = 33a


⎪ 5b − a = 7b − c




⎩ 5c − 6a = 3b + 5c
Solving, we have b = −2a and c = −3a.
 
 a 6a 

(b) det X =  
−2a −3a

= −3a2 + 12a2
= 9a2
Since a  0 or otherwise X is a zero matrix, we have det X  0.
Thus, X is non-singular.

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-3 3
Solution Marks

−1 1 −3a −6a
(c) X = 2
9a 2a a

1 3 −6
=
9a 2 1
(X T )−1 = (X −1 )T

1 3 2
=
9a −6 1

8. (a) f (x) = −A(x 2 − 4x + 7)−2 (2x − 4)


−2A(x − 2)
=
(x 2 − 4x + 7)2
f (x) = −2A(x 2 − 4x + 7)−2 − 2A(x − 2)(−2)(x 2 − 4x + 7)−3 (2x − 4)
= −2A(x 2 − 4x + 7)−3 [(x 2 − 4x + 7) − 2(x − 2)(2x − 4)]
−2A(−3x 2 + 12x − 9)
=
(x 2 − 4x + 7)3
6A(x − 1)(x − 3)
=
(x 2 − 4x + 7)3

When f (x) = 0, we have x = 2.
2A
f (2) = − .
9
Note that A  0 or otherwise f (x) is a zero function. Therefore, f (2)  0.
Thus, f (x) attains its extreme at x = 2.

f (2) = 4
A
=4
22 − 4(2) + 7
A = 12
−24(x − 2)
Thus, f (x) = .
(x 2 − 4x + 7)2
(b) Since (−4)2 − 4(1)(7) = −12 < 0, the equation x 2 − 4x + 7 = 0 has no real solutions.
Therefore, the graph has no vertical asymptotes.
As 0 = deg(12) < deg(x 2 − 4x + 7) = 2, the graph has one horizontal asymptote y = 0 and
no oblique asymptote.
The graph has only one asymptote.
The claim is disagreed.
(c) By (a),
72(x − 1)(x − 3)
f (x) =
(x 2 − 4x + 7)3
When f (x) = 0, x = 1 or 3.
x x<1 1<x<3 x>3
f (x) − + −
f (1) = 3 and f (3) = 3.
Thus, the points of inflexions are (1, 3) and (3, 3).

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-4 4
Solution Marks

SECTION B (0 marks)
1
9. (a) y= ln x
2
dy 1
=
dx 2x
1
Slope of tangent to C at P = .
2r
Slope of normal to C at P = −2r.
Let the coordinates of Q be (q, 0).
0 − 12 ln r
= −2r
q−r
ln r = −4qr + 4r 2
4r 2 + ln r
q=
4r
4r 2 + ln r
The x-coordinate of Q is .
4r
(b) Let the area of PQR be A.
  
1 4r 2 + ln r 1
A= −r ln r
2 4r 2
1 ln r ln r
= · ·
2 4r 2
(ln r)2
=
16r
 
dA 2 1 (ln r)2
= (ln r) −
dr 16r r 16r 2
ln r(2 − ln r)
=
16r 2
dA
When = 0,
dt
ln r(2 − ln r) = 0
ln r = 2 or 0
r = e2 or 1 (rej.)

r 1 < r < e2 r > e2


dA −
+
dr
A attains its greatest value when r = e2 .
(ln e2 )2
Greatest area =
16e2
1
= 2
4e

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-5 5
Solution Marks

(c) Let OP = p.

 2
ln r
p= r2 +
2

(ln r)2
= r2 +
4
 − 1  
dp 1 2 (ln r)2 2 ln r dr
= r + 2r +
dt 2 4 2r dt
When r = e,
 − 1  
dp 1 2 1 2 1 dr
= e + 2e +
dt 2 4 2e dt
  − 12  
1 1 1 dr
= · e + 2
e +
2
e 4 4 dt
  12
1 1 dr
= · e2 +
e 4 dt
dp
As ≤ 32e2 ,
dt
 1
1 1 2 dr
· e +
2
≤ 32e2
e 4 dt
 − 1
dr 1 2
≤ 32e e +
3 2
dt 4

dA dA dr
= ·
dt dr dt
ln r(2 − ln r) dr
= ·
16r 2 dt
When r = e,
dA 1 dr
= ·
dt 16e2 dt
 − 1
1 1 2
≤ · 32e e +
3 2
16e2 4
2e
=   12
e2 + 14
2e
< 1
(e2 ) 2
=2

The claim is correct.

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-6 6
Solution Marks
∫ ∫
10. (a) (i) sin4 x dx = (sin x) sin3 x dx

= − cos x sin3 x + cos x(3 sin2 x cos x) dx

= − cos x sin3 x + 3 (1 − sin2 x) sin2 x dx
∫ ∫
= − cos x sin3 x + 3 sin2 x dx − 3 sin4 x dx
∫ ∫
4 sin4 x dx = − cos x sin3 x + 3 sin2 x dx
∫ ∫
cos x sin3 x 3
sin x dx = −
4
+ sin2 x dx
4 4
∫ π  π ∫
1 3 π 2
(ii) sin x dx = − cos x sin x +
4 3
sin x dx
0 4 4 0
∫ 0
3 π
=0+ (1 − cos 2x) dx
8 0
 π
3 sin 2x
= x−
8 2 0

=
8
(b) (i) Let u = β − x. Then du = − dx.
∫ β ∫ 0
x f (x) dx = − (β − u) f (β − u) du
0 β
∫ β
= (β − u) f (u) du
0
∫ β ∫ β
= β f (u) du − u f (u) du
0 0
∫ β ∫ β
= β f (x) dx − x f (x) dx
0 0
∫ β ∫ β
2 x f (x) dx = β f (x) dx
0 0
∫ β ∫
β β
x f (x) dx = f (x) dx
0 2 0
(ii) Since sin4 x is continuous on R and sin4 (π − x) = sin4 x, by (b)(i), putting f (x) = sin4 x
and β = π, we have
∫ π ∫
π π 4
x sin x dx =
4
sin x dx
0 2 0
π 3π
= ·
2 8
3π 2
=
16
(c) When y = 0,

x sin2 x = 0
sin x = 0
x=π or 2π

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-7 7
Solution Marks
∫ 2π

Volume of the solid = π ( x sin2 x)2 dx
π
∫ 2π
=π x sin4 x dx
π
Let u = x − π. Then du = dx.
∫ π
Volume = π (u + π) sin4 (u + π) du
∫0 π
=π (u + π) sin4 u du
∫ π
0
∫ π
=π u sin u du + π
4 2
sin4 u du
0 0
3π 2 3π
=π· + π2 ·
16 8
9π 3
=
16
   
1 a 4(a + 1)  1 a 4a + 4 
   
   
11. (a) (i) (1) 2 a − 1 2(a − 1) = 0 −a − 1 −6a − 10
   
1 −1 −12  0 −a − 1 −4a − 16
1 a 4a + 4
 

= 0 −a − 1 −6a − 10
0 0 2a − 6 
= (1)(−a − 1)(2a − 6)
= 2(a + 1)(a − 3)
(E) has unique solution if and only if 2(a + 1)(a − 3)  0, i.e., a  −1 and a  3.
Thus, the required range is a < −1 or −1 < a < 3 or a > 3.
1 a 4(a + 1) 18 1 a 4a + 4 18
   
 
(2) 2 a − 1 2(a − 1) 20 ∼ 0 −a − 1 −6a − 10 −16 


1 −1 −12 b  0 −a − 1 −4a − 16 b − 18


1 a 4a + 4 18
 
∼ 0 −a − 1 −6a − 10 −16 
0 0 2a − 6 b − 2
b−2
Therefore, z = and
2(a − 3)
(−a − 1)y + (−6a − 10)z = −16
−3ab + 22a − 5b − 38
y=
(a − 3)(a + 1)
and

x + ay + (4a + 4)z = 18
a2 b + ab + 10a − 2b − 50
x=
(a − 3)(a + 1)
 
a2 b + ab + 10a − 2b − 50 −3ab + 22a − 5b − 38 b − 2
Thus, (x, y, z) = , ,
(a − 3)(a + 1) (a − 3)(a + 1) 2(a − 3)

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-8 8
Solution Marks

(ii) (1) When a = 3, by (a)(i)(2), (E) is equivalent to


1 3 16 18
 
0 −4 −28 −16 

0 0 0 b − 2
If (E) is consistent, then b − 2 = 0, i.e., b = 2.
1 3 16 18 1 3 16 18
   
 
(2) 0 −4 −28 −16  ∼ 0 −4 −28 −16


0 0 0 b − 2 0 0 0 0 
1 3 16 18
 

∼ 0 1 7 4 
0 0 0 0 
1 0 −5 6
 
∼ 0 1 7 4
0 0 0 0
Let z = r, where r ∈ R.
Then x = 6 + 5r and y = 4 − 7r.
Thus, the solutions are {(6 + 5r, 4 − 7r, r) : r ∈ R}.
(b) The first three equations are equivalent to (E) at a = 3.
By (a)(ii)(1), the first three equations are consistent when s = 2.
By (a)(ii)(2), the solutions are {(6 + 5r, 4 − 7r, r) : r ∈ R}. Substitute it into the forth
equation,

2(6 + 5r) − 5(4 − 7r) − 45r = t


t = −8
−−→
12. (a) (i) AB = (−i + 3j − 3k) − (4i − 3j + k) = −5i + 6j − 4k
−−→
AC = 3i + 2j + 4k
 
 i j k
−−→ −−→  

AB × AC = −5 6 −4
 
3 2 4

= (24 + 8)i − (−20 + 12)j + (−10 − 18)k


= 32i + 8j − 28k
−−→ −−→ −−→
(ii) ( AB × AC) · AD = (32i + 8j − 28k) · (−i + j − 6k)
= −32 + 8 + 168
= 144
1 −−→ −−→ −−→
Volume = |( AB × AC) · AD|
6
144
=
6
= 24

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-9 9
Solution Marks
−−→ −−→
(iii) Let n = AB × AC.
−−→
−−→ DA · n
DE = (n)
n·n
−−→ −−→
−( AB × AC) · AD
= (n)
n·n
−144
= 2 (32i + 8j − 28k)
32 + 82 + 282
4
= (−8i − 2j + 7k)
13
−−→ −−→
−−→ BD · BC −−→
(b) (i) BF = −−→ −−→ ( BC)
BC · BC
(4i − 5j − 2k) · (8i − 4j + 8k)
= (8i − 4j + 8k)
82 + 42 + 82
= 2i − j + 2k
−−→ −−→ −−→
DF = BF − BD
= −2i + 4j + 4k
−−→ −−→ −−→
(ii) E F = DF − DE
1
= (i + 10j + 4k)
13
−−→ −−→ 1
E F · BC = (i + 10j + 4k) · (8i − 4j + 8k)
13
=0
−−→ −−→
Thus, BC ⊥ E F.
(c) Note that BC is the line of intersection of two planes, DF ⊥ BC and E F ⊥ BC.
The angle required is equal to ∠DFE.
−−→ −−→
DF · E F = (DF)(E F) cos ∠DFE
  √
1 12 + 102 + 42
(−2i + 4j + 4k) · (i + 10j + 4k) = 2 + 4 + 4 ·
2 2 2 cos ∠DFE
13 13

54 = 6 · 3 13 cos ∠DFE

3 13
cos ∠DFE =
13

3 13
∠DFE = cos−1
13

3 13
The required angle is cos−1 .
13

END OF PAPER

2018-DSE-MATH-EP(M2)-10 10