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UNIVERSAL POWER-ON DELAY


by J. Ruffell

UTPUTQl olthisdelay circuitbecomes


O active after the switch-on period has
elapsed and remains so until the next cycle
is begun. Output Q2, on the other hand,
also functionsas a monostable; after its mono
period has elapsed. Q2 automatically be-
comes inactive. The mono period can be set
between 1 second and 4 seconds with P2. The
power-on delay can be setaccurately between
1 second and 1 min ute with P, and DIP
switch 51.
The circuit is also provided with a count-
down indicator: the dtglt display on LD1
givescontinuous Information on the rernaining
switch-on time. The 7-segment display is
driven by IC4, a decoder chip that makes
only the normal digits (1-9) visible.
When the end 01 the delay period has
been reached, counter TC1 has ccme to posi-
tion O. As a result. the output of 1C3a goes
high and Tl is switched on. Sinceat the same
time the output of lC3b toggles from high to
Iow, monostable IC2d is started. The output
ofthe rnonostable then goes high and switches
on T2, indicated by the lighting 01 the deci-
mal point 01 the display. Also, start/stop
bistable IC2b-IC2cisreset, which disables the
counter and the oscil1ator. Ta start the next
tirne-out cycle, the bistable must be set afrcsh,
for which, withlinkJPl in thepositionshown
in the diagram, a last transition (trailing
edge) is required at the input. This is er-
ce, , ranged most simply by pressing 52, but the

"
.. " '"
ra
6BOU
1 • ce transition may also eome frorn another cir-

", , IC' ~
W
'C,
"..
680U
680n :: il=O cuit or from a sensor.
When]pl is in the other position, the out-
.. •c, HC74 "cc
. ..::0:00
74 non
HCT 680>1 put of the monostable is linked to the input
00 4511
".. non
01 the start/stop bistable (flip-flop). This re-
• ," '" sa "
680(1

'" '" ", sults in the time-out cycle being started anew
,~
.. SV
11 LOAO

a,. at the end of the mono time. The circuit then


H01133 0
+ non
operates as an oseillator.
The circuit requires apower supply of
rr
8-15 V. It draws a current of about 40 mA,
'".,.
most 01 which by the display. Transistors Tl
and T2 can switch up to 400 mA •

47~5V SV
+
~
,.. .. " ca

es

IC2 - 74HCT132
SV
+
".'00'
IC3 _ 74HCT4002

~~
L}
BC511

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ELEKTOR ELECTRONICS DECEMBER 1991