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Technical Note

 McDermott or a subsidiary thereof, copyright 2017 and design right reserved. Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information
contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor.

Project/Tender No.: SV CPP and DN Prepared: G. Huang


Client: PTSC Checked: S. Suppiah / E. Paul
Subject: Pull-in Analysis for 12”, 6” Flexibles and Cable Date: 23 Jun 2017
Document No.: Revision: A

1.0 OBJECTIVE
This note presents analyses for 12”, 6” flexibles and cable pull-in through J-tube at SV CPP and DN
fields. The sketch for flexible/cable pull-in through J-tube is shown in Fig. 1.1 [Ref. 1].

Figure 1.1 Sketch for Flexible pull-in through J-tube


Technical Note
 McDermott or a subsidiary thereof, copyright 2017 and design right reserved. Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information
contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor.

Project/Tender No.: SV CPP and DN Prepared: G. Huang


Client: PTSC Checked: S. Suppiah / E. Paul
Subject: Pull-in Analysis for 12”, 6” Flexibles and Cable Date: 23 Jun 2017
Document No.: Revision: A

2.0 DESIGN DATA AND ANALYSIS METHOD


2.1 J-Tube configuration
The configuration of the 6” flexible J-tube is shown in Fig. 2.1 [Ref. 2].

Figure 2.1 Configuration of 6” Flexible J-tube


Technical Note
 McDermott or a subsidiary thereof, copyright 2017 and design right reserved. Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information
contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor.

Project/Tender No.: SV CPP and DN Prepared: G. Huang


Client: PTSC Checked: S. Suppiah / E. Paul
Subject: Pull-in Analysis for 12”, 6” Flexibles and Cable Date: 23 Jun 2017
Document No.: Revision: A

2.2 Flexible and Cable Properties


The mechanical properties of the 12”, 6” flexible and cable are defined in Table 2.1 [Refs. 3, 4 & 5]. The
cross-section of the 12” flexible is shown in Figure 2.2. The pull-in analyses were performed with empty
condition under 113.4m water depth.
Table 2.1 Properties of Flexible and Cable

Mass in Mass in Bend stiff Installation Allowable Axial


Line OD ID
air water at 230C MBR compression stiff
(mm) (mm) (kg/m) (kg/m) (kN·m2) (m) (kN) (kN)
12” Riser 420.62 323.85 222.87 80.39 169.137 5.07 N/A N/A

6” Riser 243.70 152.0 99.53 51.70 40.393 2.61 N/A 104613

Cable [HOLD] - [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD]

Figure 2.2 Cross Section of 12” Flexible Riser

2.3 Analysis Method


As an input for pull-in calculation, the static tension at bell mouth near to the seabed will be calculated
using Orcaflex. The dynamic BM tension can then be estimated by applying a DAF of 1.3. The Max
pull-in tension will be calculated based on the bell mouth tension and J-Tube configuration. The detailed
analysis and results are presented in Section 3.

3.0 ANALYSIS RESULTS


3.1 Bell Mouth (BM) Tension
Refer to the pull-in configuration in Figure 3.1, the static BM tensions are calculated as in Table 3.1.
Table 3.1 Static tensions of flexible pull-in at Bell-mouth (BM)

Offset Catenary Top Tension Top Angle MBR BM Tension


Line
(m) (m) (te) (deg) (m) (kN)
12” riser 25 128 10.88 2.34 12.5 4.22
6” riser 25 128 6.75 2.70 9.8 3.24
Cable [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD] [HOLD]
Technical Note
 McDermott or a subsidiary thereof, copyright 2017 and design right reserved. Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information
contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor.

Project/Tender No.: SV CPP and DN Prepared: G. Huang


Client: PTSC Checked: S. Suppiah / E. Paul
Subject: Pull-in Analysis for 12”, 6” Flexibles and Cable Date: 23 Jun 2017
Document No.: Revision: A

Figure 3.1 Sketch of Flexible Pull-in Initiation

3.2 Flexible and Cable Pull-in Analysis


The pull-in analysis is performed using in-house MathCAD sheet. The flexible & cable are pulled
through J-tubes on to the platform, as illustrated in Figure 3.2. This work sheet presents the calculation
of anticipated pull force exerted on the cable during the pulls through J-tube. The J-tube is fitted with a
bell-mouth on the lower end and the bell-mouth is at a nominal height of approx. 3.0 m above the mud-
line [Ref. 2]. The flexible is hang-off at the J-tube top end i.e. at an elevation of 12.70 m [Ref. 2].
Technical Note
 McDermott or a subsidiary thereof, copyright 2017 and design right reserved. Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information
contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor.

Project/Tender No.: SV CPP and DN Prepared: G. Huang


Client: PTSC Checked: S. Suppiah / E. Paul
Subject: Pull-in Analysis for 12”, 6” Flexibles and Cable Date: 23 Jun 2017
Document No.: Revision: A

Figure 3.2 Sketch for Flexible Pull-in Calculation

Input information
Mass of 12” flexible in air FW air=222.87 kg/m
Mass of 12” flexible submerged FW sub=80.39 kg/m
Water depth WD=-113.4 m
Length of 12” flexible on seabed Lseabed=0 m
Tension of 12” flexible at Bell-mouth T=4.22 kN and 5.49 kN*
Note:* value were obtained from Orcaflex analysis; with offset of 25 m, T=4.22 kN and 5.49kN are
static and dynamic tensions, respectively.

Assumptions
Seal engagement force F seal=1000kg
Friction between J-tube and 12” flexible (wet) µjw=0.3~0.5

Calculations and Recommendation


Based on the above calculation, the pull-in load for 12” flexible are summarized in Table 3.2. With the
same method, the pull-in loads for 6” flexible and cable were calculated and presented in Table 3.2.
Technical Note
 McDermott or a subsidiary thereof, copyright 2017 and design right reserved. Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information
contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor.

Project/Tender No.: SV CPP and DN Prepared: G. Huang


Client: PTSC Checked: S. Suppiah / E. Paul
Subject: Pull-in Analysis for 12”, 6” Flexibles and Cable Date: 23 Jun 2017
Document No.: Revision: A

Table 3.2 Summary of flexible and cable pull-in loads

Seal Hang-off Line on the BM Pull-in load


FW air FW sub µjw
Line Engagement Offset seabed tension @ pullhead
(kg) (m) (m) (kN) (kg/m) (kg/m) - (te)
25 0 5.49 222.87 80.39 0.3 17.2
12 inch 0.4 17.6
Flexible 1000 0.5 18.0
(assumed) 25 0 4.21 99.53 51.70 0.3 10.4
6 inch 0.4 10.6
Flexible 0.5 10.9

3.3 Summary
Base on the above analyses, it can be summarized that:
1) With 25m hang-off offset, the static bell-mouth tension is 4.22 and 3.24 kN for 12” and 6” flexible,
respectively. The dynamic tension can be obtained by applying a DAF of 1.3.
2) The max pull-in tensions are 18.0 and 10.9 te for 12” and 6” flexible, respectively.

Reference
[1] R3643-BID-OF-601-04 Rev A, McDermott, R3643 Flexible Pipeline Installation.
[2] 05-1_DEV-SV-AEI-Y-XX-00003-001 Rev B1, Aker, 20” J-tube for 6” Condensate Export Flexible Riser G.A. at
CPP-CV Platform.
[3] D2257-Berachah-PS-Budget Rev C, GE, Data Sheet for 12.75” Production Static Riser.
[4] 05-1_DEV-SV-AEI-N-ST-00001 Rev C1, Aker, Study for Flexible Riser.
[5] 05-1_DEV-GE-AEI-E-DS-0010 Rev D1, Aker, Data Sheet for Subsea Power Cable.
McDermott PREP. BY_________
OFFSHORE OPERATIONS
CHKD. BY_________

CABLE PULL THROUGH J-TUBE


File: j-tube-pull.mcd (Version 1.1)

PROJECT: SV and DN Bid

1.0 Scope

The subsea cables / flexibles are pulled through J-tubes on to the platforms. This work sheet presents the
calculation of anticipated pull force exerted on cables / flexibles during the pulls through J-tube.

F
TERMINATION LEVEL

E CELLAR DECK

D 0.000 (LAT)

J-TUBE STRAIGHT SECTION

B
J-TUBE BEND
A
BELL MOUTH

T3 T2
L

T2 T1
STRAIGHT SECTION
BEND SECTION

File : FlexPull-12inch-Offset25m- Page 1 of 3


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McDermott
OFFSHORE OPERATIONS

2.0 INPUTS kN ≡ 1000⋅ newton


−1
w := 222.87⋅ kg⋅ m _Weight of Flexible in air

−1
ws := 80.39⋅ kg⋅ m _Submerged Weight of Flexible

Wjs := 0⋅ kN _Weight of pull-in / hang-off assembly

P := 6635⋅ kN _Allowable Pull Force


2
EI := 169137⋅ newton⋅ m_Elastic flexural stiffness of Flexible

T := 15290⋅ newton _Tension of Flexible at the J Tube bell-mouth

R := 6.75⋅ m _J - Tube bend radius

μj := 0.5 _Friction Factor between J-Tube and Flexible (Typical value range between 0.3-0.5)

fs := 1.10 _Start Up Factor (Surge Effect)

f := 4 _Wrapping factor (As per OTC paper 6875 J-tube design for Flexible Umbilicals)

D := 812.8⋅ mm _Inside diameter of J-tube

d := 420.62⋅ mm _Outside diameter of Flexible

Tb := 16000⋅ newton _Pull force required to bend the Flexible in J-tube (Assumed. Checked in further
calculations - Refer Section 3.1)
LAB := 1.3⋅ m _Length of section A-B (Bellmouth length)

θA := 45⋅ deg _Angle with Horizontal

LBC := 4.626⋅ m _Length of section B-C

θB := 39.3⋅ deg _Total Bend Angle

LCD := 105.299 ⋅ m _Length of section C-D

θc := 84.3⋅ deg _Angle with horizontal

LDE := 9.60⋅ m _Length of section D-E (Face of Flange location)

θd := 84.3⋅ deg _Angle with horizontal

LEF := 3.1⋅ m _Length of section E-F

θe := 90⋅ deg _Angle with horizontal

File : FlexPull-12inch-Offset25m- Page 2 of 3


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OFFSHORE OPERATIONS

3.0 Calculations:
3.1 Check for flexibility of flexible to wrap around the bend:

0.5
a := [ 2 ⋅ R⋅ ( D − d ) ] a = 2.301 m

2 2
0.5⋅ f ⋅ a ⋅ Tb = 169.422⋅ kN⋅ m

2
_If EI < 0.5⋅ f ⋅ a ⋅ Tb then assumed Tb is correct and the umbilical is sufficiently flexible to wrap around the bend
_Refer equation (15) of OTC paper 6875 J-tube design for Flexible Umbilicals)

Result1 := if  EI < 0.5⋅ f ⋅ a ⋅ Tb , "Assumed Tb is OK" , "Assumed Tb is NOT OK" 


2
 
Result1 = "Assumed Tb is OK"
3.2 Flexible pull force calculation
3.2.1 Section A-B

( ( )
T1 := Tb + T + LAB⋅ ws⋅ g⋅ sin θA + μj⋅ cos θA ( ))
T1 = 32.377⋅ kN

3.2.2 Section B-C (Concave Bend Section)


Considering the profile of cable in bend section

μj⋅ θB ws⋅ R⋅ g   μj⋅ θB 


⋅ 2 ⋅ μ ⋅ sin θB −  1 − μj
2
T2 := T1 ⋅ e − ( ) ⋅e ( )
− cos θB
2  j  
1 + μj

T2 = 44.955⋅ kN

3.2.3 Section C-D (Straight Section below Chart Datum))

( ( )
T3 := T2 + LCD⋅ ws⋅ g⋅ sin θc + μj⋅ cos θc ( ))
T3 = 131.68⋅ kN

3.2.4 Section D-E (Straight Section above Chart Datum))

( ( )
T4 := T3 + LDE⋅ w⋅ g⋅ sin θd + μj⋅ cos θd ( ))
T4 = 153.6⋅ kN

3.2.5 Section E-F (Straight Section upto Termination Level of Pull Deck, Extra Length of the Flexible)

( ( )
T5 := T4 + LEF⋅ w⋅ g⋅ sin θe + μj⋅ cos θe ( ))
T5 = 160.375 ⋅ kN

Ttotal := fs⋅ T5 + Wjs Ttotal = 176.413 ⋅ kN _Total Pull Force in Flexible

(
Result2 := if Ttotal < P , "Total pull force is OK" , "Total pull force is more than allowable" )
Result2 = "Total pull force is OK"

File : FlexPull-12inch-Offset25m- Page 3 of 3


FF0.5.xmcd Date: 6/23/2017