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Matematik

Kertas 1

Oktober

2006

1 ¼

jam ppr maths nbk

SEKTOR SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH BAHAGIAN SEKOLAH KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR TAHUN TINGKATAN 4 2006

MATEMATIK

Kertas 1

Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 40 soalan.

2. Jawab semua soalan.

3. Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

4. Bagi setiap soalan hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja.

5. Sekiranya anda hendak menukarkan jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

6. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

7. Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 2 hingga halaman 3.

8. Buku sifir matematik empat angka boleh digunakan.

9. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 16 halaman bercetak

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MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE

The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are the ones commonly used.

RELATIONS

1.

a m × a n = a m + n

2. a m ÷ a n

= a m - n

3. (a m ) n = a m n (x 2 − x ) + y − y 1 2 2 ( 1 ) 2 1 + x 2 y 1 + y ⎞ ⎟ 2 2 , 2 ⎠

x

4. Distance =

5. Midpoint

(x, y) =

6. Average speed =

distance traveled

time taken

7. Mean =

sum of data

number of data

8. Pythagoras Theorem c 2 = a 2 + b 2

9. m =

y

2

y

1

x

2

x

1

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1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Area of trapezium

Circumference of circle

Area of circle

=

SHAPE AND SPACE

1

2

=

× sum of parallel sides × height

πd = 2πr

2

= πr

 Curved surface area of cylinder = 2πrh Surface area of sphere = 4πr 2 Volume of right prism = cross sectional area × length Volume of cuboid = length × width × length Volume of cylinder = πr 2 h Volume of cone = 1 πr 2 h 3 Volume of sphere = 4 πr 3 3 1 Volume of right pyramid = × base × height 3

Sum of interior angles of a polygon

=

(n – 2) × 180°

arc length

circumference of circle

= angle subtended at centre

360°

 area of sector angle subtended at centre = area of circle 360° PA' = Scale factor, k PA Area of image = k 2 × area of object.

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1 Round off 0.0608 correct to two significant figures.

A 0.060

B 0.061

C 0.0610

D 0.0600

2 The side of a cube is 4.3 cm. The volume, in cm³, of the cube correct to three significant figures is

A 80.0

B 79.5

C 79.50

D 79.500

3 Express 0.0007023 × 10 8 as a number in standard form.

A 0.7023 × 10 11

B 7.023 × 10 12

C 7.023 × 10 4

D 7023 × 10 1

4

0.0368

+

605

50000

=

A 4.89 × 10 2

B 4.89 × 10 3

C 4.89 × 10 4

D 4.89 × 10 5

5 In Diagram 1, AB is a tangent to the circle at point P and ASR is a straight line.

A

Find the value of y.

A 25

B 31

C 48

D 53 R
Q
S
87°
62°
P
DIAGRAM 1

B

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6 The area of a rectangular nursery plot is 1.08 km². Its width is 1 200 m. The length of the nursery plot, in m, is

A 9 × 10 1

B 9 × 10 2

C 9 × 10 2

D 9 × 10 4

7 In Diagram 2, O is the centre of the circle. AB and CB are tangents to the circle at A and C respectively. A
B
40°
E
80°
O
D C

Find the value of y.

A 110

B 115

C 120

D 125

DIAGRAM 2

8 In Diagram 3, PQRST is a pentagon. STU is a straight line. T

S U
32°
P

R Q

DIAGRAM 3

Find the value of x + y.

A 212

B 362

C 384

D 392

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9 In Diagram 4, PQRSTU and PVWXQ are regular hexagon and pentagon respectively.

The value of m is

A 24

B 32

C 48

D 50

S

T R
X
Q
W
P
V

U

DIAGRAM 4 10 Diagram 5 shows the graphs of y = sin x and y = cos x.
y
1
O
360°
P
– 1

DIAGRAM 5

The x-coordinate of point P is

A 270°

B 225°

C 215°

D 180°

11 It is given that cos θ = –0.454 where 180° θ 270°, find the value of θ.

A 117°

B 207°

C 243°

D 297°

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12 In Diagram 6, KLMN is a straight line and JK = KM. J
K
12 cm
L
3 cm
M

The value of tan x is

A

B

C

D

1

4

1

3

3

–4

DIAGRAM 6

13 Simplify p × (2p 1 ) 3 ÷ 2p 4 .

A 3p

B 3p

C 4p

D 4p

2

2

N

14 Diagram 7 shows a triangle KLM and a shaded triangle, drawn on square grids.

K M
D
C
A
B
DIAGRAM 7

L

Triangle KLM is the image of the shaded triangle under an enlargement. Which of the points, A, B, C or D, is the centre of the enlargement?

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 2 u +1 2 − w 15 Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form. uw w A 1 − uw B uw uw + 1 C uw 2u + uw −1 uw D 2u −1 uw 1 3 16 3 2 × 18 2 × 2 2 = = A 36 B 54 C 108 D 162 3 1 17 4 2 × (5 2 ) 4 = 4 A 2 B 5 C 37.5 D 50 18 8pq – (3p + q) 2 =

A 3p 2 + q 2 + 5pq

B 3p 2 q 2 + 3pq

C –9p 2 q 2 + 2pq

D –9p 2 q 2 + 10pq

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19 Diagram 8 shows a right prism with rectangular base KLMN. P
Q
5 cm
N
M
K
6 cm
8 cm

L

DIAGRAM 8

Calculate the angle between the line PL and the base KLMN.

A 20° 18

B 24° 16

C 24° 22

D 26° 34

20 The angle of elevation of the peak of pole P from the peak of pole Q is 60°. The two poles are vertically planted in a horizontal ground. Which diagram below represents the situation described?

Q A
60°
P
Q
B
60°
P

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C

D P
30°
Q

P 30°
Q

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21 Diagram 9 shows a pole, PR on a horizontal plane. P
160°
R
Q

DIAGRAM 9

Calculate the angle of depression of Q from vertex P.

A 70°

B 60°

C 30°

D 20°

22 Given that

A

B

C

D

vt

π

vt

π

v

2

2

2

t

π

v t

2

π 2

v = π h
t

, then h =

23 There are two helicopters X and Y at height 300 m and 340 m above sea level respectively. If the angle of elevation of helicopter Y from helicopter X is 41°, calculate the horizontal distance, in m, between the two helicopters.

A 26.2

B 30.2

C 34.2

D 46.0

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24

Given that

y

w

= 1 w

A

B

C

D

w

w

w

w

=

=

=

=

y

1 + y

y

1

1

y

+ y

1

y

y

y

, express w in terms of y.

25 In Diagram 10, Q is the image of P under a reflection. P
K
L
N
M
H
Q

DIAGRAM 10

The axis of reflection is the straight line that joins H and

26

A K

B L

C M

D N

Express

m

1+ 2 m

n

3 n

 A 3 m −1 4 n B 3 m − 1 3 n 2 C m −1 3 n D 5 m −1 3 n

as a single fraction in its simplest form.

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27 The solution for

A k 4

B

8

k

C

D

k

k

3

5

2

5

3

1

k

2

k 3

is

28 The solution for simultaneous linear inequalities 3n + 1 > –11 and 20 8 – 4n is

 A 3 < n ≤ 4 B –4 < n ≤ 3 C –3 < n < 4 D –4 < n ≤ –3

29 Diagram 11 is a pie chart showing the colours of t-shirts chosen by a number of students. Red
Yellow
60°
190°
Blue
DIAGRAM 11

If 18 students chose yellow t-shirts, find the number of students who chose red t-shirts.

A 108

B 72

C 36

D 33

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30 Table 1 shows the frequency distribution of the scores obtained by a group of pupils in a competition.

 Time (min) 11 – 15 16 – 20 21 – 25 26 – 30 31 – 35 Frequency 4 10 12 9 5

TABLE 1

Calculate the mean of the distribution.

A 21.375

B 22.875

C 23.125

D 25.250

31 Diagram 12 is a bar chart showing the number of candidates who obtained scores 1 to 5 in a Mathematics test.

Number of

Candidates

20

15

10

5 1
2
3
4
5
Score

DIAGRAM 12

If the passing score is the mean score, calculate the percentage of students who pass the test.

A 90

B 70

C 60

D 50

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32 It is given that the universal set ξ = {x : 1

9,

:

set

set R = {x : x multiple of 3}.

Find n[(P R)’ Q].

A 5

B 6

C 7

D 9

P

=

{2, 3,

6,

7,

11, 13,

17},

set Q

=

{x

is an integer},

x is a prime number} and

x

20,

x

33 Diagram 13 is a Venn diagram showing the sets P, Q and R such that the universal set ξ = P Q R. P
Q
R
DIAGRAM 13

The shaded region represents the set

A P’ (Q R)

B P (Q R)’

C P (Q R)’

D P’ (Q R)

34 Diagram 14 is an incomplete Venn diagram showing the elements in sets P, Q and R. P
Q
R
.s
.c
.y
.m
.w
.g
.q
.k
DIAGRAM 14

It is given that the universal set, ξ = P Q R, n(Q) = 6 and n(PR) = 3. Find n(PQ R).

A 8

B 10

C 11

D 12

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35 Find y-intercept of the straight line

A

18

5

B

4

5

C 18

5

D 4

5

2 x

5 y

3

6

=

3 .

36 The straight line PQ has gradient 2 and passes through the point (3, 5). It is parallel to the straight line y + mx 4 = 0.

Find the value of m.

A – 3

B – 2

C 2

D 3

37 Diagram 15 shows two straight lines, OR and QR, on a Cartesian plane. y
Q
R(1, 8)
P O
x

DIAGRAM 15

The distance and the x-intercept of PQ is 15 units and –9 respectively.

A –1

B –4

C –7

D –8

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38 Table 2 shows the distribution of a group of students playing a game.

 Form One Form Two Girls x 12 Boys 8 6

TABLE 2

A student is chosen at random from the group to start the game. The probability

2 . Find the value of x.

that a girl from Form One will be chosen is 15

 A 2 B 4 C 6 D 8 39 box contains a number of yellow marbles and 10 red marbles. A marble is A

chosen at random from the box. The probability of choosing a yellow marble is

. Then, a number of red marbles is put in the box. If a marble is now selected

3

5

at

random from the box, the probability that a red marble chosen is 1 2 . How

many red marbles are there in the box?

 A 15 B 20 C 25 D 30 40 dice is rolled twice and the sum of the number shown is noted. Find the A

probability that the sum of the numbers being 7.

A 1

6

B 1

4

C 1

3

D 1

2

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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