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Class 10 Mathematics

Important Questions

Chapter 10

Circles

4 Marks Questions

1. In figure, XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and another

tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. Prove that AOB

=

Ans. Given: In figure, XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and

another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B.

To Prove: AOB =

Construction: Join OC

OCA = ……….(ii)

[Tangent at any point of a circle is to the radius through the point of contact]

OA = OA [Common]

OAP = OAC [By C.P.C.T.]

PAB + QBA = [Sum of the consecutive interior angles on the same side of the

transversal is ]

OAC + OBC =

In AOB,

+ AOB =

AOB =

segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of lengths 8

cm and 6 cm respectively (see figure). Find the sides AB and AC.

Ans. Join OE and OF. Also join OA, OB and OC.

Since BD = 8 cm

BE = 8 cm

Since CD = 6 cm

CF = 6 cm

Let AE = AF =

Since OD = OE = OF = 4 cm

Semi-perimeter of ABC

= cm

Area of ABC =

= cm2

AB = = 7 + 8 = 15 cm

And AC = = 7 + 6 = 13 cm

supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

AP = AS,

BP = BQ ……….(i)

CQ = CR

DR = DS

OB = OB [Common]

[By C.P.C.T.]

Similarly,

Since, the sum of all the angles round a point is equal to

AOB + COD =

BOC + AOD =

4. In the given figure XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and

another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. Prove that

AO = AO

OP = OC [radius]

[By CPCT]

Similarly,

Now,

But in

segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of lengths 8

cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the sides AB and AC.

Ans. Let the sides BC, CA, AB of touch the incircle at D, E, F respectively.

Area of

Area of

area

area

Again, perimeter of

Area of

[By 4 and 5]

But is not possible

6. In the given figure, PT is tangent and PAB is a secant. If PT = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm. Find the

length PA.

[From right ]

[ bisects AB]

7. From a point P two tangents are drawn to a circle with centre O. If OP = diameter of

the circle, show that is equilateral.

We have

i.e., OP = diameter

OQ + PQ = diameter

PQ = Diameter – radius [ ]

PQ = radius

Thus, OQ = PQ = radius

OA = AQ = OQ

is equilateral

So,

Also

But

Hence, is equilateral.

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