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Title

Wastewater Math

Description

Formula Flash cards

Total Cards

30

Subject

Mathematics

Level

Professional

Created

02/21/2013

Cards

Term

Velocity, in ft/sec =

Velocity is distance traveled over time.

Deﬁnition

Example

What is the velocity in feet /sec. if a stick travles a 240 foot channel in 120 seconds?

Term

ft3/ sec. =

Deﬁnition

Example

(2 ft/sec.) (3 ft2) = 6 ft3 (cubic feet)/second

Term

Change

Cubic feet per second

(ft3/sec )

to

gallons per minute

(gpm)

Deﬁnition

Example

Term

Detention Time =

This is the time, it theoretically takes a drop of water to travel from the inlet to the outlet of a tank

or treatment or piping system.

Deﬁnition

Example

10000 gallon tank ÷ 500 gal/min =

Note * The detention time can be in days, hours, minutes, and seconds. Your ﬂow units must be the same as the unit of

time your are using for your detention time. So if you are looking for hours then your ﬂow should be in gal/hr.

Term

Pounds Formula

This formula is used to ﬁnd the pounds of chemical needed to maintain a partticular parts per million or miilgram per

liter of a chemical of 100% purity at a ﬁxed ﬂow in million gallons per day or to ﬁnd the pounds of solids in an areation

basin, or the pounds being wasted in a WAS ﬂow in MGD with a known WASss

lbs/day or lbs

Deﬁnition

Example

A plant has an Inﬂuent ﬂow of .500MGD and an inﬂuent TSS of 200 mg/L. How many pounds of TSS come

into the plant daily?

Term

[image]

Deﬁnition

Total Flow, gal./day ÷ length of weir , in feet

Example

Your plant has an Inﬂunet ﬂow of 0.250MGD and a RAS ﬂow of 50% of inﬂuent ﬂow. The clariﬁer is 50 feet in diameter with a weir around the

250000gpd ÷ 157 ft

1592.4 gal./day/ft of weir

Term

This refers to the amount of Solids being sent from the Aeration basin to the Clariﬁer in the

activated sludge process.

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE:

What is the solids loading of a 50 ft. diameter clariﬁer if your MLSS is 2600 mg/L and you Inf. ﬂow is

.500MGD and you RAS ﬂow is .250MGD ?

Q + R

(3.14(∏)) (25 ft) (25 ft) (radius2) )

16263 lbs./day

1962.5 ft2

8.3 lbs./day/ft2

Term

This refers to the amount of ﬂow goin into the Clariﬁer from the Aeration basin.

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

What is the hydraulic loading of a 50 ft. diameter clariﬁer if your Inf. ﬂow is .500MGD and you RAS ﬂow is

.250MGD ?

Q + R

750,000 ÷ 1962.5 =

382 gpd/ft2

Term

in

lbs. CBOD5 /day/1000 ft3 of Media

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

What is the Organic loading on a trickling ﬁlter 50 ft. in diameter and 8 feet deep, with a P.E. CBOD5 of 125

mg/L, and a ﬂow of .350MGD ?

365 lbs./day

16 /1000 ft3

23 lbs./day/1000 ft3

Term

*Soluble CBOD5 is the amount of CBOD5 that is dissolved in the water and available for food for the

microorganisms.

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

What is the soluble CBOD5 of a P.E. with the following make up, CBOD5 of 125 mg/L , a TSS of 150 mg/L and

a K factor of 0.6 ?

Term

in lbs. CBOD5 /day/ 1000 ft2 =

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

An RBC has three units in parallel, each measures 10 feet in diameter and 15 feet long. The INF. Flow is

0.350 MGD and the INF. soluble CBOD5 is 45 mg/L.

131.4 lbs. ÷ 1.413 1000 ft2

Term

SVI, in mL/gm=

SLUDGE VOLUME INDEX

THIS IS A CALCULATION THAT REPRESENTS THE TENDANCY OF ACTIVATED SLUDGE SOLIDS (AERATED SOLIDS)

TO THICKEN AND BECOME CONCENTRATED DURING THE SEDIMENTATION PROCESS.

Deﬁnition

(Settled Sludge Volume / Sample Volume(Settleometer result), mL/L ÷ MLSS concentration in mg/L) X

(1000mg ÷ gram)

EXAMPLE

What is the SVI if the MLSS is 3500 mg/L and the Settleometer is 450 mL/L?

129 mL/gm

Term

SDI =

*Sludge Density Index - used to calculate the settlability of Activated Sludge in a

Secondary Clariﬁer. Similar to the SVI.

Deﬁnition

100

SVI

EXAMPLE

The SDI of a sludge going to a secondary clariﬁer with a SVI of 129 mL/gm is?

100 ÷ 129

.78 SDI

Term

* used to calulate the ponud of TSS in an aeration tank, or in a clariﬁer, or a combination of both.

Deﬁnition

Tank volume, in Million Gallons MG X 8.34 lbs./gal. X MLSS mg/L, (for aeration), or TSS mg/L (for other

tanks)

EXAMPLE

What is the solids inventory of an aeration basin that is 0.750 MG with a MLSS of 4500 mg/L?

28147.5 lbs

Term

wasting.

Deﬁnition

solids added, lbs./day

EXAMPLE

What is the sludge age in days of an activated sludge plant with the following data, aeration tank volume

of 0.500MG and an MLSS of 3200 mg/L, an inﬂuent ﬂow of 0.350MGD and an inﬂuent TSS of 165 mg/L ?

27.7 days

Term

* used to calculate the ration between the incomming food (CBOD5) and the microorganisms in the aeration

basin (MLVSS).

**MLVSS is the organincs in the aeration basin and is a measure of the microorganism mass. It is sometimes

expressed as a percentage of the MLSS

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

Given an Ilﬂuent Flow of 0.450MGD, an Iﬂuent CBOD5 of 225 mg/L,an Aeration Tank with a volume of 0.350MG, and a

MLVSS of 1975 mg/L.

(0.450MGD) (8.34 lbs/gal) (225 mg/L)

Term

*The amount of time a microorganism is in the system working on breaking down the organic matter. This is

controled by wasting.

**It uses a solids inventory that may or may not take into account the level and concentration of the clariﬁer

blanket.

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

41700 ÷ 2610.75

15.9 or 16 days

Term

WAS, lbs./day =

*used to ﬁgure out the amount of solids (in pounds) that need to be wasted to maintain the MCRT

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

A plant with a 0.500MG aeration tank and an MLSS of 4500 mg/L , an INF. Flow of 0.350MGD and an EFF. TSS

of 1.2 mg/L, and a MCRT of 8 days. How many pounds need to be wasted per day?

{( 0.500MG X 8.34 lbs./gal. X 4500 mg/L)÷ (8 days)} - ( 0.350MGD X 8.34 lbs./gal. X 1.2 mg/L)

Term

*Calculates the amount the WAS ﬂow need to be adjusted in MGD, a positive number means an increase if the

ﬂow, a negative number indicates a decrease in the ﬂow rate is required.

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

A plant has a 0.750MG aeration basin and an MLSS of 4500 mg/L, and a WAS TSS of 11500 mg/L. How much would the WAS ﬂow need to be changed to

(28147.5-25020)÷ 95910

3127.5 ÷ 95910

Term

*used to calculate the ﬂow rate of RAS based on the results from the Settlometer in mL/L and

to maintain that rate of settling.

Deﬁnition

Example

Your plant has an inﬂuent ﬂow of 1.500 MGD and you settleometer result is 400 mL/L. What should your RAS

ﬂow rate be ?

600 ÷ 600

1.000 MGD

Term

Deﬁnition

Example

A town of 2500 has wastewater pond 1000 feet long and 2000 feet wide, what is the population loading on

this pond?

2500 ÷ 45.9

54.5 or 55 persons/acre

Term

*This is the volume in acre feet and not to be confused with volume in gallons.

Deﬁnition

Example

What is the volume in acre feet (ac-ft) of a pond 250 ft. long and 300 ft. wide and 6 ft. deep?

10.2 ac-ft

Term

* This formula will calculate pond volume in gallons given the ac-ft of the pond.

Deﬁnition

Example

14,988,124 gallons

Term

Deﬁnition

Example

2.000MGD X 1000000 =

61.4 ac-ft/day

Term

Deﬁnition

Example

What is the detention time in days of a pond that is 300 feet long 400 feet wide and 8 feet deep and gets a

ﬂow of 2.500 MGD?

[(300 ft X 400 ft X 8 ft) ÷ 43560 ft2/ acre] ÷ [(2.500 MGD X 1000000) ÷ (7.48 gal./ft2 X 43560 ft2/acre)]

2.9 days

Term

Deﬁnition

Example

What is the organic loading of a 40 acre pond with a iﬂuent ﬂow of 0.750 MGD and an inﬂuent CBOD5 of 250

mg/L ?

39.1 lbs./day/acre

Term

POND

Hydraulic Loading Rate, inches/day =

Deﬁnition

Example

What is the hydraulic loading in inches/day for a 55 acre pond with ﬂow of 10 ac-ft/day?

Term

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

What is the weight in pounds of 0.025MGD of a 16% solids sludge?

3336000 ÷ 100

= 160,000 mg/L

Term

Deﬁnition

Example:

Your palnt has an Inﬂuent ﬂow of 0.300MGD and a RAS ﬂow of 50% of the inﬂuent ﬂow, the clariﬁer has a

diameter of 100 feet. What is the Surface Loading of this clariﬁer?

450000gpd

7850 ft2

57.3 gal./day/ft2

Term

Efﬁcency, % =

Deﬁnition

EXAMPLE

What is the efﬁcency of removal for CBOD5 for a plant with an Inﬂuent CBOD5 of 250 mg/L and

an Efﬂuent CBOD5 of 3.5 mg/L?

0.986 X 100%

98.6% Efﬁcency

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