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# Jayson Patrick C.

Exercise 1.1

## I. True of False Questions

_ False 1. A statistic is a characteristic of a population.
_ False 2. A parameter is a characteristic of a sample.
_ False 3. The subject of statistics can be broadly divided into two areas: descriptive research and
inferential statistics.
_ False 4. A sample is the set of all possible data values for a given subject under consideration.
_ True 5. Inferential statistics involves making predictions or decisions about a sample from a population
of values.
_ True 6. Probability is the foundations of statistics.
_ True 7. Pure random sampling is sometimes called lottery method.
_ True 8. Statistics plays an important role in business forecasting and opening new business.
_ False 9. Sampling does not allow the study of large heterogeneous group.
_ False 10. The research problem must be chosen by anybody even if they are not involved in the
research.
_ True 11. Questions should call for one answer only.
_ True 12. In quota sampling, a specified number of subjects are considered in the sample.
_ False 13. Census survey considers only a part of the whole population (subject of the study) under
consideration in the study.
_ False 14. The interview method is the most convenient and cheapest way of collecting data.
_ True 15. Probability sampling is a type of sampling techniques which is a proportion of the population
and uses a system in selecting the sample.

II. Indicate whether each of the following statements is a descriptive or inferential statistics.
Descriptive Statistics 1. Last school year, the ages of students at PUP Laboratory Science High School are 12
to 18 years old.
Inferential Statistics 2. Based on the survey conducted by the National Statistics Office, it is estimated that
37% of unemployed people are women.
Inferential Statistics 3. A survey says that 1 out of 50 Filipinos is a member of a fitness center.
Inferential Statistics 4. Cigarettes were associated with a 32% of the 4,900 civilian fire deaths in 2005.
Descriptive Statistics 5. A recent study showed that eating garlic can lower blood pressure.
III. Indicate which of the following examples refers to population or sample.
___ Sample_____ 1. a group of 45 students selected to test a new teaching technique
___Population___ 2. total machines produced by a factory in three weeks
___ Sample_____ 3. the yearly expenditures on food for 15 families
___Population___ 4. the ages of employees of all companies in Northern Luzon
___Population___ 5. the number of subscribers of telephone companies

## IV. Classify each variable as quantitative or qualitative.

__Quantitative__ 1. the height of giraffe living in South Africa
_ _Qualitative __ 2. the religious affiliation of the people in the Philippines
_ _Qualitative __ 3. favorite song
__Quantitative__ 4. the daily intake of chocolates
_ _Qualitative _ 5. sex
__Quantitative__ 6. the days absent from school
_ _Qualitative _ 7. marital status
__Quantitative__ 8. the number of cars owned
_ _Qualitative __ 9. the monthly water bills
__Quantitative__ 10. the number of students who failed

## V. Classify each as nominal, ordinal, interval or ratio-level data.

Nominal Level 1. Your personality type (introvert, shy, friendly, or assertive)
Ratio Level 2. The amount of mortgage on your house
Ordinal Level 3. A rating, on a scale of 1-10, on your job performance
Nominal Level 4. The manufacturing order of a group of computers
Interval Level 5. One person is 25 miles ahead of another in a race and 30 miles behind a third person

VI. Enumeration
A. Give the preliminary steps in making a statistical study/research (1-6)
1. Define the problem
2. Determine the population/subject of the study.
3. Devise the set of questions
4. Determine the sampling design
5. Prepare a manual of instructions
6. Organize and train personnel
B. Methods of Collecting Data (7-9)
7. Direct or Interview Method
8. Indirect or Questionnaire Method
9. Registration Method

## C. Types of Probability Sampling Techniques (10-13)

10. Pure Random Sampling (Simple Random Sampling)
11. Systematic Sampling
12. Stratified Random Sampling
13. Cluster Sampling

## D. Guidelines in Choosing a Research Problem (14-23)

14. The research problem must be chosen by the researcher himself
15. The problem must be within the interest of the researcher
16. The problem must be within the specialization of the researcher
17. The research problem must be within the competence of the researcher
18. The researcher must have the ability and capacity to finance the research problem
19. The research problem must be manageable
20. The research problem must be completed within the period set by the researcher
21. The research problem must be significant, important and relevant to the present time as well as to the
future
22. The result of the study must be practical and implementable
23. The study must contribute to the human knowledge

## E. Main Steps in Making a Statistical Research (24-27)

24. Collection of Data
25. Presentation of Data
26. Analysis of Data
27. Interpretation of Data

## F. Three Types of Questions Commonly Used (28-30)

28. Two-way Questions
29. Multiple Choice
Jayson Patrick C. Isagon BSA 2-1
Exercise 1.2

## I. Fill in the blanks.

_ Footnote _ 1. It is a part of the table which explains the meaning of entries in the table which
are not fully understood.
_ Classification _ 2. It is the process of putting similar items/ideas together.
_ Table Number _ 3. These numerals are used to number the tables.
__ Pie Chart _ 4. It is a special type of the hundred percent graph that is used in financial budgets
and reports.
Textual Presentation_ 5. It is a dull way of presenting data because it combines text with figures.
Continuous Variate _ 6. It is a kind of variate which resulted from measurements.
Headnote 7. This is a part of the table which simplifies or explains the title of the table.
Graphical Presentation 8. It is a method of presenting data that cannot show data as accurately as tables do.
_Tabular Presentation_ 9. It is a method of presenting data that make use of column or row arrangement.
_ Source Note _ 10. It is a part of the table that shows the origin of the table.
II. Enumeration
A. Give the importance of the source note in a table.
1. To give credit or recognition to the author of the table
2. To allow the user to secure additional information from the primary or similar source
3. To provide the user a basis for determining the accuracy of the information given in the table
4. To provide the user a basis for determining the reliability of the information given in the table
5. To protect the author of the table against any change of inaccuracy and unreliability

B. Give 5 advantages of the tabular presentation over the textual presentation of data.
6. Statistical tables are concise and convenient because data are systematically arranged
7. They are brief and reduce explanatory matter to the minimum
8. Tables give the whole information without combining text with figures
9. Data are easily read and readily understood because of the systematic and logical arrangement into
columns and rows
10. The arrangement of data into columns and rows makes comparison easier

## C. Give the disadvantages of the graphical presentation of data.

11. Graphs do not show as much information at a time as do tables
12. Graphs do not show data as accurately as the table do
13. Charts require more skill and time and cost to prepare than tables
14. Graphs can not be quoted in the same way as tabulated data
15. Graphs can be made only after the data have been tabulated
D. Give at least 5 kinds of graph used in presenting data.
16. Bar Graphs
17. Linear Graphs
18. Hundred Percent Charts
19. Statistical Maps
20. Pictograms .

## III. Classify each variable as discrete or continuous.

_ Discrete _ 1. the number of metals manufactured each day
__Continuous _ 2. the air temperature in Metro Manila today
__Continuous _ 3. the income of couples living in Sta. Mesa
__Continuous _ 4. the weights of newborn infants
__Continuous _ 5. the capacity (in gallons) of water in an overhead tank