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Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-Hydroxyapatite

via Rapid Microwave Drying

Teh Yee Ching, Tan Chou Yong*, Ramesh Singh, Tan Yoke Meng and Yap Boon Kar
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing (AMMP) Center, University of
Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Hydroxyapatite (HA)
 Chemical formula : Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 Powder Characterization Sinterability of Sintered HA
 The inorganic components of human hard tissues [1]
 Good bioactivity and excellent biocompatibility [1] (b) SEM : Minimal grain growth,
 Suitable to be implanted into human body (a) XRD Analysis : Pure HA phase, no secondary phases (a) XRD Analysis : Average grain size of 1.43 µm
Hence High thermal stability, pure HA phase at1200ºC
Great demand has been placed on synthesizing hydroxyapatite 7000 25000

Intensity (counts)
especially WET CHEMICAL METHOD (WCM) due to its simplicity and 6000
cost effective 5000 20000

Intensity (counts)
Drying of precipitate is on of the crucial step in WCM
3000 15000
Available literatures mainly used conventional oven drying which 2000
takes almost 16 hours for the precipitate to dry thoroughly 1000 10000
>> very time consuming 0
Therefore 0 20 40 60 5000
Microwave drying was used in this project as an alternative to dry 2 Ɵ (degree)
the precipitate. The process is rapid as precipitate can be dried
rapidly in 15 minutes. (b) TEM Analysis: Nano-sized HA particles, needle-like morphology 0
20 30 40 50
2 Ɵ (degree)
OBJECTIVE Particle size: Length = 66.7 nm
Width = 23.6 nm
To synthesize pure HA powder by wet chemical method via (c) Mechanical Properties of HA sintered at 1200ºC
microwave drying and to investigate the HA powder properties as BET :
well as sinterability of HA sintered samples. Specific Surface area =111.07 m2/g


 Pure nano sized hydroxyapatite powder with high specific surface area, needle like Please fill in this
• XRD morphology was successfully produced via wet chemical method with microwave drying
• SEM  Pure dense HA ceramic (97.5% relative density) with hardness value of 5.04 GPa and
• Bulk
Density 
fracture toughness of 1.16 MPa.m1/2 was obtained
The high mechanical properties could be due to the small grain size (average ~ 1.43µm) REFERENCES
• Hardness [1] L.L. Hench, Bioceramics, J Am Ceram Soc. 81 (1998)
Sintering (1200ºC, 2 • Fracture
Pressed Cold isostatic hours, 2ºC/min  Microwave drying could be a promising technique for the processing of HA 1705-1727.
into pellet press toughness ceramics
heating and cooling)