You are on page 1of 21

Materials System Specification

01-SAMSS-048 10 February 2013


CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

I Scope............................................................. 2
II Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
III References..................................................... 2
IV Modifications to API SPEC 5LD..................... 4

Annex B – Manufacturing Procedure


Specification [Modification]........................... 19
Annex C – Welding Procedure
Qualification Requirements.......................... 20
Annex D – Manufacturing Procedure
Qualification Test.......................................... 21

Previous Issue: 1 March 2011 Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015


Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Page 1 of 21
Primary contact: Anezi, Mohammed Ali on +966-3-8809528

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2013. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

I Scope

This Specification covers seamless and welded clad and lined pipe, manufactured in
accordance with API SPEC 5LD (3rd Edition, 2009).

II Conflicts and Deviations

A. Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs), or
industry standards, codes, and forms shall be resolved in writing by the
Company or Purchaser Representative through the Manager, Consulting
Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

B. Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company
or Purchaser Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure
SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services
Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

III References

The manufacture and purchase of material covered by this specification shall comply with
the latest edition (as per the project proposal date) of the references listed below, as noted.

A. Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory
Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard


SAES-L-131 Fracture Control of Line Pipe

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification


01-SAMSS-035 API Line Pipe

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements


Form 175-011000 Pipe: CRA Clad or Lined, Seamless or Welded

Page 2 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

B. Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute


API SPEC 5L/ISO 3183:2007 Specification for Line Pipe
(Modified)
API SPEC 5LD:2009 Specification for CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe
API SPEC 6A Specification for Weldhead and Christmas Trees
Equipment

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME SEC IX Qualification Standard for Welding and Brazing
Procedures, Welders, Brazers, and Welding and
Brazing Operators

American Society for Nondestructive Testing, Inc.


ASNT SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualification
and Certification
ASNT CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of
Nondestructive Testing Personnel

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM A262 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to
Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
ASTM A264 Standard Specification for Stainless Chromium-
Nickel Steel-Clad Plate
ASTM A265 Standard Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Base
Alloy-Clad Steel Plate
ASTM A923 Standard Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental
Intermetallic in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic
Stainless Steel
ASTM B424 Standard Specification for Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu Alloy
(UNS N08825 and UNS N08821) Plate, Sheet,
and Strip
ASTM B443 Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-
Molybdenum-Columbium Alloy (UNS N06625)
and Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-Silicon Alloy
(UNS N06219) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

Page 3 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

ASTM B499 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Coating


Thicknesses by the Magnetic Method:
Nonmagnetic Coatings on Magnetic Basis Metals
ASTM G48 Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice
Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and
Related Alloys by Use of Ferric Chloride Solution

International Standardization Organization


ISO 9000 - 9004 Quality Management and Quality Assurance
Standards
ISO 10474 - 1991 Steel and Steel Products – Inspection Documents
ISO 2178 Non-Magnetic Coatings on Magnetic Substrates-
Measurement of Coating Thickness-Magnetic
Method

National Association of Corrosion Engineers


NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries-
Materials for use in H2S-Containing
Environments in Oil and Gas Production

European Standard
EN 473 Non-Destructive Testing - Qualification and
Certification of NDT Personnel - General
Principles

IV Modifications to API SPEC 5LD

The following paragraph numbers refer to API SPEC 5LD which is the basis for this
specification. The text in each paragraph below is an addition or modification to
API SPEC 5LD, as noted. Paragraph numbers not appearing in API SPEC 5LD are new
paragraphs to be inserted in numerical order.

1 Scope [modification]

The carbon steel backing or base material shall meet the requirements of
01-SAMSS-035 in addition to the requirements of API SPEC 5L PSL2,
except as modified herein. The carbon steel backing pipes shall be procured
only from the sources approved by Saudi Aramco.
Commentary:

Contact Saudi Aramco buyer for a list of Saudi Aramco approved pipe mills.

Page 4 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

3 Definitions and Acronyms

3.1.7 Class IV Service [addition]

This class is for gas, two-phase flow, and liquid lines such as NGL, whose
vapor pressure exceeds 100 psia.

3.2 Acronyms
CRA Corrosion Resistant Alloy
CSD Consulting Services Department
HFW High Frequency Welded
ESW Electroslag Welding
SAW Submerged Arc Welding

4 Information to be supplied by the Purchaser

Indicate in the Purchase Order only when required [modification]:


a) Suitable for sour service [Annex H of API SPEC 5L and
01-SAMSS-035 shall not apply (except for the hardness test) but
Annex K shall apply for the carbon steel backing material]
b) Suitable for offshore (submarine) service (Annex J and K of
API SPEC 5L and 01-SAMSS-035 shall apply. Also see D.2 o and p)
c) If the line pipe is meant for Class IV service (Annex G of
API SPEC 5L and 01-SAMSS-035 shall apply for the carbon steel
backing material), it shall be so specified.

5 Manufacturing of Clad and Lined Steel Pipe

5.1 General [modification]

The minimum thickness of the CRA layer for lined pipes and clad pipes
shall be 2.5 mm unless otherwise agreed.

5.2.1 Clad Pipe [modification]

The seamless and welded backing carbon steel pipe (backing carbon steel in
case of clad plates) shall meet the requirements of API SPEC 5L PSL2 and
Saudi Aramco specification 01-SAMSS-035. The mechanical expansion
requirement stated in paragraph 8.9.2 of 01-SAMSS-035 does not apply).
HFW and Spiral-SAW pipes shall not be used as backing steel for
manufacture of clad pipes.

Page 5 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

Commentary:

If the size required is beyond the available diameter range of L-SAW pipes,
Spiral-SAW can be used for manufacturing of clad pipes by weld overlay, if
approved by the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards
Committee.

5.2.2 Lined Pipe [modification]

The backing steel pipe shall be seamless or L-SAW and shall meet the
requirements of API SPEC 5L PSL2 and Saudi Aramco specification
01-SAMSS-035. Spiral-SAW or HFW pipes shall not be used as backing
steel for lined pipes.
Commentary:

The welding requirements of 01-SAMSS-035 pertaining to the long seam of L-


SAW pipes does not apply to the long seam of pipes made from clad plates.

5.4 Heat Treatment [modification]

Seamless backing steel pipe shall be either in quenched and tempered or in


normalized condition. Hot rolled pipe can be considered to be in normalized
condition provided the final hot working temperature is finished above 780°C.

If the pipes are ordered for wet sour service, the heat treatment condition of
the CRA material shall be in accordance with NACE MR0175/ISO 15156.

5.5 Manufacturing requirements for clad pipe [addition]

5.5.1 Weld overlay, including overlay on pipe ends of lined pipe, shall be carried
out using GTAW process and a minimum of two layers shall be applied.
Exception to this requirement for overlay on pipe ends of lined pipe can be
made if approved by the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control
Standards Committee.

Single layer automatic PAW, PTA or ESW can be used for overlay on long
seam for pipes made from clad plates. Other welding processes can be used
if approved by the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control
Standards Committee.

5.5.2 All weld repairs on CRA overlay shall be carried out using automatic
GTAW or PAW process. Repairs by manual welding and using other
processes can be done if approved by the Chairman of the Materials and
Corrosion Control Standards Committee.

5.5.3 Welding heads for GTAW and PAW used for overlay must be equipped with
automatic voltage control facility.

Page 6 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

5.5.4 If multiple heads are used (tandem welding) for depositing multiple layers
by weld overlay, any decrease in distance between the heads shall be
considered as an essential variable.

5.5.5 Back purging, if required, shall be done with welding grade inert gas during
the long seam welding and it shall be ensured that the weld is free from high
temperature oxides.

5.5.6 All welding procedures, including procedures for repair, must be reviewed
and approved by the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control
Standards Committee.

5.5.7 The corrosion properties of the CRA weld consumables shall be compatible
with the corrosion property requirements of the clad material.

5.5.8 All welding consumables used, including repairs, must be classified as per
American Welding Society classification requirement. Alternative
classification is acceptable, if approved by CSD.

5.5.9 Selection of welding filler wire for weld overlays for any of the welding
processes that use bare wire shall be as recommended in Table 1 below.

Table 1(3)

Cladding Barrier Layer Rest of the Layers


304L ER309L ER308L
316L ER309L/ER309LMo ER316L or ER317L
347 ER309L ER347
321 ER309Mo/ER309LMo ER321
904L ER309Mo/ER309LMo ER385
(1)
S31254 ERNiCrMo-3 ERNiCrMo-3
S31803 ER309Mo/ER309LMo ER2209
S32205 ER309Mo/ER309LMo ER2209
S32750 ER309Mo/ER309LMo ER2553
N08825 ERNiCrMo-3 ERNiCrMo-3
N06625 ERNiCrMo-3 ERNiCrMo-3
N04400 ERNiCu-7/ERNi-1 ERNiCu-7
C71500 ERNiCu-7/ERNi-1 ERCuNi/ERNiCu-7

(1) UNS N08367 and N08926 are acceptable substitutes to UNS S31254. If UNS
N08367 or N08926 are offered in lieu of UNS S31254, all the requirements of
UNS S31254 stated in this specification shall apply.
(2) This table does not apply to single layer weld overlay made on the long seam of
clad pipes made form clad plates.

Page 7 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

(3) Filler wire used for weld overlay of pipe ends of lined pipe shall match with the wire
to be used for girth welding in the site. Information pertaining to consumable
selection for girth welding may be obtained from the Chairman of the Materials and
Corrosion Control Standards Committee.

Commentary:

It is acceptable to use over alloyed welding consumables to obtain the


required corrosion properties after dilution.

5.5.10 The brand name for nickel based and duplex/super duplex stainless steel
filler wire shall be considered as an essential variable.

5.5.11 The tab ends (run-in and run-off plates) shall be made from cladded plates of
same wall thickness and CRA material specification. This requirement can
be exempted depending on the welding sequence, if approved by Chairman
of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee.

5.5.12 Explosion bonded plates can used for manufacture of clad pipes only if
approved by the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards
Committee.

5.5.13 Clad plates shall be procured from approved steel mills. The list of approved
mills can be obtained from Saudi Aramco Purchasing Representative. The pipe
manufacturer shall still be responsible about the quality of the procured clad
plates. Procurement of plates from unlisted vendors shall be approved by
Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee.

5.6 Manufacturing requirements for lined pipe [addition]

5.6.1 The internal surface of the carbon steel backing pipe shall be blast cleaned to
a surface finish of SSPC SP10 (Sa2.0) along the complete length of the pipe
prior to fabrication.

5.6.2 The humidity of air in the annular space between the carbon steel backing pipe
and the CRA liner during assembly shall be less than 80% and the carbon steel
and CRA surfaces shall be maintained at least 5°C above the dewpoint
temperature. Temperature and humidity shall be continuously controlled.

5.6.3 Expansion of the liner after assembly is mandatory. The expansion of the
carbon steel backing pipe shall not exceed 1.5%.

5.6.4 The pipe ends of lined pipes must be weld overlayed for a minimum length
of 50 mm.
Commentary:

The quotation shall include the additional cost to be charged for every 5 mm
increase in the overlay length. This would allow increasing the overlay length

Page 8 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

during any stage of manufacturing depending on the pipe size and the
recommendation of the laying contractor.

5.6.5 The requirements stated in 5.5 and 6.1 shall also apply for overlaying the
pipe ends of lined pipes.

6 Chemical Properties and Tests

6.1 Composition [modification]

The chemical composition of the welding procedure qualification shall be


taken at a depth of 1.5 mm below the specified minimum overlay thickness.

The chemical composition of weld deposit shall be within the range


specified for the UNS number of the CRA clad mateial except for the iron.

The number of layers used in the Procedure Qualification Record (PQR)


shall be the minimum number of layers specified on the WPS used in
production weld overlaying.

For PMI, the chemical composition of the weld deposit shall be checked on
the final finished surface of the production weld overlay.

The weld deposit chemistry shall be within the range specified for the UNS
number of the CRA (ASTM B424 for UNS N08825 and ASTM B443 for
N06625). In case of alloy N06625, the iron content shall not exceed 10%.

PREN (%Cr+3.3%Mo+16%N) for the CRA layer including the deposited


overlay of the seam shall be as per Table 2.

Table 2

Grade PREN (min.)


316/316L 24
317/317L 29
N08904 34
(1)
S31254 42
S31803 35
S32205 35
S32750 42
(2)
N08825 32
N06625 45

Notes: (1) UNS N08367 and N08926 are acceptable substitutes to


UNS S31254. If UNS N08367 or N08926 is offered in lieu

Page 9 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

of UNS S31254, all the requirements of UNS S31254 stated


in this specification shall apply.
(2) A minimum PREN of 42 is required for the weld overlay
because it is alloy 625 and the UNS N08825 base metal shall be 32.

6.6 Backing Material [modification]

The chemical properties of the backing material, including the composition,


carbon equivalent, recheck analysis and test reports shall conform to
API SPEC 5L and 01-SAMSS-035.

7 Mechanical Properties and Tests

7.11.3 Charpy Test Requirements [modification]

If the pipes are ordered for class IV service, the minimum average Charpy
impact energy value for backing steel pipe shall be as specified by the Buyer
in the relevant requisitions, quotation requests, and purchase orders as per
SAES-L-131. The CVN test shall include weld, HAZ and base metal.
Commentary Note:

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standard SAES-L-131 is for reference by Saudi


Aramco personnel only. This standard is not applicable to pipe manufacturers.

7.11.4 Supplementary Fracture Toughness Tests-Drop Weight Tear Tests (DWTT)


[modification]

If the pipes are ordered for class IV service and if the diameter of the welded
backing steel pipe is greater than or equal to 20”, DWTT shall be carried as
per 01-SAMSS-035 and API SPEC 5L Annex G. Sub-size specimens for
DWTT of the clad plates shall be prepared by milling the carbon steel
equally from the CRA boundary and the opposite side.

7.13 Hardness Test [modification]

The hardness indents nearest to the fusion line shall test the high temperature
HAZ and shall be within 0.2 mm of the fusion line. The hardness of the
backing steel shall not exceed 248 HV10. Hardness testing of the backing
steel material is required even if the pipes are not ordered for sour service
(see paragraph 9.17 of 01-SAMSS-035).
Commentary:

The hardness measurement nearest the fusion line applies only to the long
seam weld fusion line of the backing carbon steel pipe and does not apply to
the fusion line between the CRA overlay and the backing carbon steel pipe.

Page 10 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

If the pipes are ordered for sour service, the hardness of the CRA layer shall
be in compliance with NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 and API SPEC 5LD.

8 Special Tests

8.2 Corrosion Testing [modification]

8.2.1 All austenitic stainless steel grades (weldmetal and basemetal) except those
specified in Table 3 shall be subjected to intergranular corrosion test as per
ASTM A262 Practice E. Requirement for sensitization of samples shall be
as specified in ASTM A262 except that sensitization heat treatment is not
required for grades having more that 3% Mo.

8.2.2 Intergranular Corrosion test specified in paragraph 8.2.1 above is not required
for heats having less than 0.020% carbon as shown in product analysis.

8.2.3 The following grades shall be subjected to the corrosion testing as specified
in Table 3 below.

Table 3

Steel Grade Corrosion Test Test Conditions Acceptance Criteria


(a)(b)(c)
UNS N08904 ASTM G48 Test temperature: 25C No pitting at 20X magnification. Weight
2
(904L) Method A Test duration : 24 hours loss shall be less than 4.0 g/m .
(a)(b)(c)
(d) ASTM G48 Test temperature: 50C No pitting at 20X magnification. Weight
UNS S31254 2
Method A Test duration : 48 hours loss shall be less than 4.0 g/m .
(a)(d)
ASTM A923
UNS S31803 As per ASTM A923 As per ASTM A923
Method C
(a)(d)
ASTM A923
UNS S32205 As per ASTM A923 As per ASTM A923
Method C
(a)(d)
ASTM A923
UNS S32750 As per ASTM A923 As per ASTM A923
Method C
(a)(b)(c)
ASTM G48 Test temperature: 22C No pitting at 20X magnification. Weight
UNS N08825 2
Method A Test duration : 72 hours loss shall be less than 4.0 g/m .
(a)(b)(c)
ASTM G48 Test temperature: 50C No pitting at 20X magnification. Weight
UNS N06625 2
Method A Test duration : 72 hours loss shall be less than 4.0 g/m .

Notes:
a. The surfaces of the specimens shall be in the “as delivered” condition unless stated otherwise in the
applicable standard.
b. Cut edges shall be prepared according to ASTM G48, and the whole specimen shall be pickled if the
pipes are to be delivered after pickling.
c. Weight loss requirement does not apply to weld overlays.
d. Rapid screening test (ASTM A923 Test Method A) shall not be used as an acceptance test.
e. UNS N08367 and N08926 are acceptable substitutes to UNS S31254. If UNS N08367 or N08926 is
offered in lieu of UNS S31254, all the requirements of UNS S31254 stated in this specification shall
apply.

Page 11 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

f. In case of pipes made from clad plates, the corrosion test sample shall include the clad base material
with weld at the center and the CRA weld reinforcement shall be ground flush. In case of lined pipe,
the CRA liner as well as the weld overlay shall be tested.

8.2.4 The frequency of testing, specimen sampling and specimen preparation shall
be in accordance with paragraph 8.2 of API SPEC 5LD and the requirements
stated in 8.2 above.

8.2.5 Corrosion specimens for clad pipes made by weld overlay (including overlay
for pipe ends of lined pipe) shall be prepared by removing the backing
carbon steel by milling or by other means. The thickness of the specimen
shall not be less than 2.0 mm. Specimen thickness down to 1.5 mm can be
accepted for small diameter pipes if approved by the Chairman of the
Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee.

8.3 Testing for CRA Cladding Bond Strength and CRA Liner Tightness
[modification]

Clad Steel Pipe – Bond strength test shall be carried out by conducting bend
tests in accordance with ASTM A264 or A265, as applicable. Additionally,
for clad plates, shear strength shall be performed in accordance with
ASTM A264 and the acceptance criteria shall be 36 ksi minimum.

Lined Steel Pipe – Residual compressive stress test shall be carried out in
accordance with API SPEC 5LD as part of the MPQT only. The acceptance
criteria shall be as agreed upon. In addition, gripping/push out test shall be
carried out as part of the production test. The length of the sample shall be
280 mm and the cut back length for the backing carbon steel pipe shall be
30 mm. The acceptance criteria shall be 15N minimum per mm of diameter.

8.4 Residual Magnetism [modification]

The residual magnetism at both ends shall not exceed 10 gauss.

8.5 Metallographic Examination [addition]

8.5.1 Ferrite content for pipes lined or clad with UNS S31803, S32205 and
UNS S32750 shall be determined in accordance with paragraph 8.1 of
API SPEC 5LC. The frequency of testing shall be identical to the frequency
of testing for corrosion tests.

9 Hydrostatic Tests-Inspection Hydrostatic Test

9.6 The chloride content of the water used for hydrostatic testing shall not
exceed 50 ppm. The pipes should be dried and cleaned immediately after
the Hydrotest [addition].

Page 12 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

10 Dimensions, Weights, and Lengths

10.2 Diameter [modification]

The dimensional tolerances shall be as specified in Table 4 below.

Table 4

Diameter Tolerances (mm) Out of Roundness (mm)


Specified OD Local out of
(mm) Pipe Ends roundness
Pipe Body Pipe Body Pipe Ends
(on ID)
±0.5% OD
1.5% ID but 0.5% OD
nominal but
≤323.9 ±0.7 mm 1.5% OD but not exceeding nominal subject
not exceeding
difference in 1.5 mm to maximum of
±1.25 mm
maximum 1.5 mm.
0.75% ID but
and minimum The length of the
>323.9 ≤610 ±0.75% OD ±1.0 mm not exceeding
OD not gauge shall be
nominal but 3.0 mm
exceeding 10 half the OD but
not exceeding 1% ID but not
mm not longer than
>610 ±1.5 mm ±1.6 mm exceeding
300 mm
4 mm

Notes: 1. 100% of the pipes shall be inspected for pipe end dimensions.
2. The inside pipe diameter can be fixed by the pipe manufacturer at the beginning of
production and tolerances can be based on the constant actual ID fixed by the
manufacturer at the start of pipe production. The dimensions must however be within the
range allowed by API SPEC 5LD.

10.3 Wall Thickness

Mechanical calipers shall not be used for measurement of CRA wall


thickness in pipes made from clad plates, unless otherwise agreed.
Maximum tolerance for wall thickness of carbon steel in clad plates can be
agreed upon on a case by case by basis.

10.9 For welded pipes, the inside and outside weld reinforcement shall be
removed by grinding for a distance of at least 6 inches from each pipe end
such that it does not extend above the pipe surface by more than 0.5 mm
[addition].

11 Nondestructive Inspection

11.1 Inspection Methods for Welded Clad Pipe [modification]

11.1.1 The weld seam of welded clad pipe shall be inspected full length (100%) by
radiological methods in accordance with API SPEC 5L, Section E.4 or by
automatic ultrasonic testing procedures (inspection of pipe ends can be
carried out by radiographic testing or manual ultrasonic testing).

Page 13 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

An automatic ultrasonic inspection shall be performed for disbondment of


the cladding along the zone 50 mm on each side of the weld seam. The UT
machine shall be equipped with seam tracking and permanent recording
facility. Pipe ends can be tested by manual ultrasonic testing.

11.1.2 Supplementary requirement S1 of ASTM A578 shall apply for UT of clad


plates. No recordable indications are acceptable up to a width of 100 mm
from all the four edges of the cladded plate.

11.1.3 No recordable indications are acceptable at the pipe ends up to a length of


100 mm.

11.1.4 Clad plates shall be visually inspected in accordance with ASME SEC V
Article 9. Defects such as pits, scratches etc that are deeper than 0.5 mm are
not acceptable. The surface roughness of CRA, as defined by center line
average method, shall not exceed 12.5 µm.

11.2 Inspection Methods for Seamless Clad Pipe [modification]

The UT machine shall be equipped with permanent recording facility.


Inspection shall be carried out for both longitudinal and transverse defects.

11.4 Thickness of Cladding or Lining [modification]

11.4.1 CRA wall thickness on the clad plates shall be checked at least nine points
using magnetic field induction method as per ASTM B499. Locations of
readings on plate shall be uniformly distributed.

11.4.2 In case of weld overlayed pipes, thickness of the overlay shall be measured
by taking thickness measurements before and after weld overlay, or after
machining as applicable, by using ultrasonic examination. Readings shall be
taken at least four locations.

11.4.3 In case of lined pipes, wall thickness measurements shall be checked


randomly on the liner before insertion. Wall thickness of the liner shall be
also checked at the pipe ends during final inspection. At least four readings
shall be taken at diametrically opposite points on both the ends of the pipe.

11.5 Qualification of NDT Personnel [addition]

Level 1 personnel may set up the equipment, perform tests, and report the
results. Supervision of Level 1 personnel and interpretation of results shall be
done by Level 2 employees. The primary Level 3 employee such as company
employee, outside consultant, or third party inspector shall be certified in
accordance with ASNT CP-189 or EN 473 or ASNT SNT-TC-1A or by an

Page 14 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

independent certifying body acceptable to Saudi Aramco. Working practice


for qualification shall be submitted to Saudi Aramco for approval.

11.6 Positive Material Identification [addition]

Positive Material Identification (PMI) shall be carried on the CRA layer for
one out of every 50 pipes in case of lined pipes (including weld overlay) and
pipes made from clad plates. Any change in heat number of the strip or wire
used for CRA overlay on the clad pipes made from clad plates, shall require
PMI. In case of clad pipes made by weld overlay, PMI shall be conducted
on each pipe, provided the diameter of pipe allows for accessibility.
Acceptance criteria shall be as per the chemistry requirement for the CRA
alloy with a tolerance of 10% (in case of weld overlays, the range of
elements specified in ASME SEC II Part C or AWS shall apply).

11.7 Dye Penetrant Test [addition]

Weld overlay surface of the clad pipes, including weld overlay at the pipe
ends of lined pipes and accessible length of overlay on the long seam of
pipes made from clad plates, shall be tested by dye penetrant test.
The acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with API SPEC 6A PSL3.

12 Workmanship, Visual Inspection, and Repair of Defects

12.3.2 Repair of Defects [modification]

Weld repairs on the completed pipe on CRA layer is permitted only for clad
pipes manufactured by weld overlay. It is acceptable to carry out weld
repairs on the long seam, including the weld overlay, except that no repairs
are allowed at the pipe ends up to 200 mm. Weld repairs on the overlay of
pipe ends of lined pipes is permitted before hydrotest (except if expansion is
done by hydroforming), if approved by the Chairman of the Materials and
Corrosion Control Standards Committee. The repair procedure shall be
qualified in accordance with ASME SEC IX and shall meet the chemistry
restrictions applicable for weld overlay. The repair procedure shall be
reviewed and approved the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control
Standards Committee.
Commentary:

It is acceptable to carry out weld repairs on the long seam of CRA pipe before
assembly.

12.4.2 Pipe ends shall be protected by caps in order to prevent build up of moisture
in the pipe. Carbon steel shall not be used for pipe end protection.
[modification]

Page 15 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

12.4.3 Pipe purchased in accordance with this Specification is subject to the


requirements of Saudi Aramco Inspection Form 175-011000. [addition]

13 Marking

13.1 General [modification]

The area of the pipe to be marked shall be clean and dry. The markings shall
be paint stenciled using a medium and protective varnish that will provide a
legible marking for at least one year of outside storage. The varnish coating
shall be hard drying and the dry film thickness should not exceed
50 micrometers. The size of the lettering shall be commensurate with the
diameter of the pipe, but in no case less than 0.75 inch (0.59 inch for
diameter 6 inches and smaller) and in height for API markings and 13 mm in
height for shipping markings. All marking shall be carried out on the
outside surface of the pipe. The pipe number shall be hard stamped on the
square edge using low stress die-stamping.

13.2 Sequence of Markings [modification]

Each pipe shall be marked Saudi Aramco, followed by the destination,


Purchase Order number/Item Number, heat number, and the Saudi Aramco
9COM or 9CAT stock number. If there is no assigned 9COM or 9CAT
stock number, the pipe shall be marked “01-SAMSS-048.”

13.4 All pipes shall be monogrammed as API SPEC 5LD in accordance with
Annex A of API SPEC 5LD.

14 Documentation

14.1 The manufacturer shall issue an inspection certificate 3.1.B in accordance


with ISO 10474:1991.

14.2 Test certificate shall include the following information as a minimum:


a) Specified outside diameter, wall thickness for the backing steel pipe
and the CRA clad/liner and grade of the backing steel pipe and
CRA clad/liner.
b) Chemical composition of the backing steel pipe (including carbon
equivalent/PCM) and CRA clad/liner.
c) Heat treatment condition of the baking steel pipe and the CRA liner in
case of lined pipe.
d) CVN impact test results for the backing steel pipe including sample
size, orientation and test temperature.

Page 16 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

e) DWTT results, if applicable.


f) Results of all the mechanical tests specified in the standard.
g) Hydrostatic test pressure and test duration.
h) Details of NDT used for laminations check, disbonding and inspection
of welded seams and overlays.
i) Corrosion tests, including weight loss (where applicable).
j) Ferrite content for duplex and super duplex stainless steel lined/clad
pipes (as per paragraph 8.5.1).

14.3 Test certificate shall state that the radiation levels from the pipes are less
than 100 beckerels/gram or equivalent. The certification can be based on
measurements reported by the steel mill supplying the raw material.

15 Handling, Storage and Transportation [addition]

15.1 After surface treatment of the CRA, it shall be ensured that the CRA layer
does not come in contact with carbon steel during handling (crane hooks,
etc.) and transportation.

15.2 Pipes shall be stored on wooden bearing strips. If pipes are stored on rails or
steel beams, rubber sheets shall be used to prevent direct contact between the
pipes and the rails/beams. Storage and handling practice must ensure that
there are no mechanical dents on the pipe surface.

15.3 The pipes shall be suitably protected from environmental contamination


(moisture, dirt etc.) during storage and transportation.

15.4 API SPEC 5L1 and API SPEC 5LW shall be followed for transportation of
pipes by rail road and marine transportation respectively.

15.5 The following shall be ensured for transportation of pipes by road:


(i) Truck beds and sides shall be inspected to ensure that there are no
projections (rivet heads, etc.) that may cause fretting during
transportation.
(ii) Wooden bearing strips shall be used.
(iii) Pipe layers must be separated by wooden separators or by rubber sheet,
at least 6 mm in thickness or by nylon ropes having a minimum
diameter of 19 mm.

Page 17 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

(iv) The packing list for transportation must include the pipe numbers,
relative location in the truck and the truck number on which specific
pipes are being transported.

Revision Summary
6 July 2010 New Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification.
1 March 2011 Minor revision clarifying the cladding/lining requirements for vendors in order to procure high
quality pipe.
10 February 2013 Editorial revision to clarify paragraph 6.1 of this specification.

Page 18 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

Annex B – Manufacturing Procedure Specification [Modification]

Manufacturing procedure specification, in accordance with this annex and modifications stated
below, shall be submitted to the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards
Committee, Saudi Aramco, for review and approval.
B.1 The following information pertaining to the clad/ linepipe, as applicable, shall also
be included in the MPS:
 Slab reheating temperature and initial rolling practice of CRA and backing
material prior to sandwich assembly
 If nickel plating is done in between the backing steel and CRA, plating method,
plating thickness, etc. shall be included
 Method used to assemble the sandwich or one-sided-open package, as
applicable, prior to reheating and rolling
 Package (sandwich or one-side-open) reheating temperature, start and stop
rolling temperatures, means of temperature and thickness control, start and stop
temperature for accelerated cooling (if applicable) and inspection
 Final plate heat treatment, e.g., Q&T (if applicable)
 Method used to cut and separate the metallurgically roll bonded plates after
rolling (separation of the sandwich between the CRA layers)
 Details regarding any CRA clad welding to pipe ends.
B.2 The following information pertaining to the lined pipe, as applicable, shall also be
included in the MPS:
1. Details of fabrication of backing pipe and liner.
2. Quality control checks for the lining process.
3. Details of data to be recorded (e.g., expansion pressure/force, strain,
deformation).
4. Procedure for cut back prior to seal welding or cladding to attach liner pipe to
carrier pipe.
5. Details regarding any CRA clad/welding to pipe ends.
6. Procedure for conducting coating test (D.2 o)
7. Procedure for conducting bend trials (D.2 p)

Page 19 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

Annex C – Welding Procedure Qualification Requirements

Qualified welding procedures, including repair procedures, in accordance with this


specification (including this annex) and ASME SEC IX shall be submitted along with MPS.
The procedure qualification record (PQR) must include all the mechanical and chemical tests
required by API SPEC 5LD, ASME SEC IX and this specification. Welding procedures
approved by the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee
against one project can be used for all future orders within the qualification range without
resubmitting for review.

Page 20 of 21
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-048
Issue Date: 10 February 2013
Next Planned Update: 6 July 2015 CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

Annex D – Manufacturing Procedure Qualification Test

MPQT shall be established from the work order material from first day production. MPQT
must include all the applicable mechanical and chemical tests. Saudi Aramco inspection
representative shall have the right to select the pipe form first day production for establishing
MPQT. The test results shall be submitted to Saudi Aramco inspection representative.
The manufacturer may continue with production, without waiting for MPQT results, at his own
risk. Tests done for qualification of MPQT can be considered as part of production test.
Commentary:

1. It is noted that the length of overlay at pipe ends of lined pipe is limited to 50 mm. Hence, the
Saudi Aramco Inspection Representative must give adequate prior notice to the pipe mill so that
the liner length can be reduced in order to increase the overlay length so as to accommodate all
the required destructive test.

2. See paragraph 8.3 for residual compressive test.

D.2 Scope of Testing [modification]

The following tests shall also be conducted as part of MPQT for lined pipes only:

o) Coating simulation test shall be conducted by heating the pipe to 250°C for
15 minutes. The liner shall be visually inspected after the test and must be
free from any bucking.

p) If the pipes are ordered for offshore (submarine) service, bending simulation
test, simulating the S-legging lay barge conditions shall be carried out.
The liner shall be free from any wrinkles or buckling. The test procedure
shall be submitted to the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control
Standards Committee, for approval, prior to testing.
Commentary:

Previous data within qualification range may be submitted to the Chairman of the
Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee for consideration so as to
exempt this test.

Page 21 of 21