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Binomial Nomenclature:

Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system) is the scientific way to name living things with a two part generic (genus) and specific (species) name.

• Scientific names are necessary because the same common name is used for different plants
• Scientific names are necessary because the same common name is used for different plants in
different areas of the world.
• Linnaeus was the first person to propose an orderly system for classifying organisms.
• He developed the Binomial System of Naming Plant in 1753
• Latin is the language used for scientific classification.
Latin is the language used for scientific classification. Binomial nomenclature B i = t w o
Binomial nomenclature
Binomial nomenclature

Bi= two

Nomial= name
Nomial= name

All plants have a scientific name composed of two Latin names known as a genus and specie.

The first word is the genus and the second word is the species.

If there are additional words, they indicate the variety or cultivar

Ex.

Common name - Teak Scientific name – Tectona grandis

Teak wood

Tectona grandis
Tectona
grandis

Genus Name

– Tectona grandis Teak wood Tectona grandis Genus Name S p e c i e s

Species

Name

Both of these terms are italicized

The first letter of the genus name is always capitalized

The first letter of the specific epithet name is never capitalized

Plants in the same genus have similar characteristics.

Plants in the same species consistently produce plants of the same types