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Tue, 17 August, 2010 11:11:27

Bank Details
From: seby pallissery <sebypallissery@yahoo.com>
View Contact
To: peta muttu <petmuttu@yahoo.co.uk>

Hi PEETA,
Hereby I forward the details of our canara Bank account for the transfer of accounts.

IFSC CODE: CNRB 0002544


A/C NO: 2544101012714
ACCOUNT NAME: NAVCHETANA COMMUNICATIONS
(HEIGHTS)
Fr. Seby Pallissery CMI
Navchetana Communications,
Rizwan Bagh, Lalghati, Bhopal
M.P., 462032, INDIA.
Cellphone: 0091-9424474203

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Home: How to learn English: Pronunciation: Sounds of English &
International Phonetic Alphabet

The sounds of English and the


International Phonetic Alphabet
© Tomasz P. Szynalski, Antimoon.com

This chart contains all the sounds (phonemes) used in the English
language. For each sound, it gives:

• The symbol from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), as


used in phonetic transcriptions in modern dictionaries for English
learners — that is, in A. C. Gimson's phonemic system with a few
additional symbols.

The chart represents British and American phonemes with one


symbol. One symbol can mean two different phonemes in American
and British English. See the footnotes for British-only and
American-only symbols.

• Two English words which use the sound. The underline shows
where the sound is heard.

• The links labeled Amer and Brit play sound recordings (you need
Flash 9 or higher) where the words are pronounced in American
and British English. The British version is given only where it is
very different from the American version.

To print the chart, use the printable PDF version.

vowels consonants

li l
s i
IPA words t s
IPA words
e t
n e
A n
cup, luck m
A
er
m
A
bad, lab e
m r
arm, er
/ A
father m
Br
did, lady e
it
r

cat, A
A
m
black er find, if
m
e
r
A 1
met, bed m
A
er
m
give, flag e
away, A
m
2
r
vowels consonants

li l
s i
IPA words t s
IPA words
e t
n e
n
cinema er
A
A 2 m
m how, hello e
turn, er r
/
learn Br A
it m
yes, yellow e
hit, A r
m
sitting er A
m
A
cat, back e
see, heat m r
er
A
A 3 m
m
leg, little e
er r
hot, rock /
Br A
it
man, m
e
A 45
lemon r
m
er A
call, four m
/
Br
no, ten e
it r

A
put, A
m
m sing, finger
could er e
r

blue, A A
m m
food er pet, map e
r
A
five, eye m A
er m
red, try e
A r
now, out m
er A
m
say, A sun, miss e
m r
eight er
A
A 6 m
go, home m she, crash e
er r

A A 8
boy, join m
tea, getting
m
er e
r

where, A 17
m
check, A
air er m
/ church e
vowels consonants

li l
s i
IPA words t s
IPA words
e t
n e
Br n
it
r
A 7
m A
near, er
think, both
m
/ e
here Br r
it
A
A 7
this, m
e
m mother
pure, er r
/
tourist Br
A
m
it voice, five e
r

A
wet, m
e
window r

A
m
zoo, lazy e
r

A
pleasure, m
e
vision r

A
m
just, large e
r
1
In some (not many) dictionaries, the phoneme is written as (do

not confuse with ), which is actually more appropriate, because in


the IPA does not correspond to the sound in met and bed. The same

goes for , but not .

2
In and , the is not pronounced in BrE, unless the sound comes

before a vowel (as in answering, answer it). In AmE, the is always

pronounced, and the sounds are sometimes written as and .

3
In AmE, and are one vowel, so calm and cot have the same

vowel. In American transcriptions, hot is written as .

4
About 40% of Americans pronounce the same way as , so that
caught and cot have the same vowel. See cot-caught merger.

5
In American transcriptions, is often written as (e.g. law = ),

unless it is followed by , in which case it remains an .

6
Most British dictionaries represent as . For some BrE speakers,

is more appropriate (they use a rounded vowel) — for others, the

proper symbol is . For American speakers, is usually more


accurate.

7
In , the is not pronounced in BrE, unless the sound comes

before a vowel (as in dearest, dear Ann). In AmE, the is always

pronounced, and the sounds are often written as .


8
In American English, is often pronounced as a "flap t", which

sounds like or (more accurately) like the quick, hard r heard e.g. in
the Spanish word pero. For example: letter.

special symbols

IPA what it means

The apostrophe symbol ( ) is used to show word stress. Usually, it is

placed before the stressed syllable in a word. For example, /

is pronounced like this, and / / like that. Word stress is


explained in our article about phonetic transcription.

is not a sound — it is a short way of saying that an is pronounced only


in American English. For example, if you write that the pronunciation of

bar is / /, you mean that it is / / in American English, and


/ in British English.

However, in BrE, will be heard if is followed by a vowel. For example,

far gone is pronounced / / in BrE, but far out is pronounced

/.

is usually pronounced like a shorter version of , but sometimes

(especially in an old-fashioned British accent) it can sound like .

Examples: very / /, create / /, previous / /, ability

/.

means that the consonant is pronounced as a separate syllable (the

syllabic l, which sounds like a vowel), or that there is a short sound

before it. Examples: little / /, uncle / /.


special symbols

IPA what it means

Instead of the symbol, some dictionaries use the syllabic l symbol

in / /, or simply , as in / /.

means that the consonant is pronounced as a separate syllable (the

syllabic n, which sounds like a vowel), or that there is a short sound

before it. Examples: written / /, listen / /.

Instead of the symbol, some dictionaries use the syllabic n symbol

as in / /, or simply .

Does this chart list all the sounds that you can hear in
British and American English?
No. This page contains symbols used in phonetic transcriptions in
modern dictionaries for English learners. It does not list all the
possible sounds in American or British English.

For example, this page does not list the "regular t" (heard in this
pronunciation of letter) and the "flap t" (heard in this one) with separate

symbols. It groups them under a single symbol: . (In other words, it


groups a number of similar sounds under a single phoneme, for
simplicity. To understand how sounds are grouped into phonemes, read
the article on phonemic transcription.)

So this page actually lists phonemes (groups of sounds), not individual


sounds. Each symbol in the chart can correspond to many
different (but similar) sounds, depending on the word and the
speaker's accent.

Take the phoneme in the above chart. It occurs in the phonemic


transcriptions of pin / / and spin / /. In pin, this phoneme is
pronounced with aspiration (breathing). This "aspirated p" sound has its

own special symbol in the IPA: . In spin, the phoneme is pronounced

"normally"; the "normal p" sound is represented by in the IPA. So the

phoneme represents two sounds: and . (This can be confusing,

because can mean both the phoneme and the sound.)

Typing the phonetic symbols


You won't find phonetic symbols on your computer's keyboard. How do
you type them in a Word document, e-mail message, or SuperMemo
collection? There are two solutions:

• You can go to the IPA phonetic keyboard at ipa.typeit.org, type


your transcriptions, and copy & paste them to your document.

• You can use the ASCII Phonetic Alphabet, which replaces IPA
symbols with characters that you can type on your keyboard.

Learning to pronounce the sounds


We offer English pronunciation software called PerfectPronunciation
which teaches learners to pronounce the most frequently used English
words. It lets you listen to examples of English sounds, practice your
pronunciation, and review your knowledge. PerfectPronunciation uses the
ASCII Phonetic Alphabet.

Subscribe to get an e-mail when we publish a new update.

Check out our terrific pronunciation software.

Have questions or comments? Send them


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Home: How to learn English: Pronunciation: Demonstration of
phonetic transcription

Demonstration of
phonetic transcription
© Tomasz P. Szynalski, Antimoon.com

This page shows you how to read and write


the phonetic transcriptions of English
words. Dictionaries use phonetic
transcriptions to tell you how you should
pronounce words.

All the transcriptions on this page are


written in the phonemic system used in
most dictionaries for English learners. They
use symbols of the International Phonetic
Alphabet (IPA). All the pronunciations are
written with "universal" (British-American)
symbols, but are spoken in American
English. For example, their is transcribed as

/ /, and the sound is heard in the


recording.
For more information, look at the table with
English sounds and IPA symbols.

Instructions: Play the sound samples


(Flash required), listen to the words, and
read the transcriptions.

howev
that
er

anothe
difficult
r

you again

which world

their area

psycho
about
logy

photo course

compa
should
ny

people under
proble
also
m

between never

many service

somet
thicker
hing

child place

hear point

provid
system
e

group large

genera
number
l
always head

informa
next
tion

questio
quick
n

busines
nervous
s

local power

during change

although move

who book

develop
example
ment
rather young

nationa
social
l

write water

percent yet

perhap
guest
s

both until

every control

month include

important believe
allow person

stand once

idea police

character lose

result position

industr
happen
y

friend major

carry build

langua
awful
ge

internat
early
ional

view else
himself yeah

xerox center

report enough

political calm

law color

ghost lure

modest knife

Subscribe to get an e-mail when we


publish a new update.

Check out our terrific pronunciation


software.
20. School Managing Committee, Its Constitution,
Power and Functions
1.
Schools other than Government Schools affiliated with the Board shall have a school
managing committee.
2.
The school managing committee should consist of the following :—
(a)
the managing committee of a recognised aided school shall consist of not more than fifteen members;
and the managing committee of a private unaided school shall consist of not more than twenty one
members;
(b)
subject to the total number of members specified in clause (a), every managing
committee shall include the following namely:—
(i)
the Head of the school. He will be a Member Secretary of the School Managing
Committee;
(ii)
two parents of students in the school;
(iii)
two teachers of the schools;
(iv)
two other persons (of whom one shall be women); who are, or have been, teachers of any other
school or of any college, to be nominated by the Trust/ Society/Board;
(v)
two members, from out of a panel recommended by the Trust/Society to be nominated by the Board.
If the Panel is not accepted fresh panel may be asked. The names recommended should not below
the rank of a Principal of a Sr. Sec. School;
(vi)
the remaining members to be nominated or elected as the case may be, in accordance with the rules
and regulations of the society or trust by which the school is run.
(vii)
Not more than two members may be nominated as per the conditions, if any,
laid down in the “No Objection Certificate”.
Provided further that the above provisions shall be implemented with immediate effect and those
affiliated earlier and not complying with above provisions shall be required to take remedial measures
with suitable qualified substitutes within a year positively.
(viii)
*No Head Master/Principal shall be appointed in the school who is related to
any member of the School Managing Committee.
(ix)
For the purpose of this rule, the relation includes the following Brothers, Sisters, Husband, Wife,
Son ,Daughter, Son-in-law, Daughter-in-law. Provided further that any violation of rules will lead to the
disaffiliation of the school.
3.
The term of the members of the Managing Committee shall be three years. A member can be
renominated for another term but a member cannot remain in office for more than two consecutive
terms expect ex-officio members and the members of the Trust/Society of the School. The duties,
powers and responsibilities of the School Managing Committee shall be as follows and it shall function
subject to the control and in accordance with the policy to the Society/Trust.
*
Provision included vide decision taken in the Governing Body meeting dated 9/12/2002.

24
21. Powers and Functions of the School
Management Committee
1.
Subject to overall control of the Society/Trust, the School Managing Committee shall have the
following powers/functions:
i)
It shall have the power to supervise the activities of the school for its smooth functioning.
ii)
It will work according to the specific directions given by the Society regarding admission policy.
However, admissions will be made as per merit without discretion of caste/ creed/religion and region.
iii)
It shall look into the welfare of the teachers and employees of the school.
iv)
It shall evolve both short-term and long-term programmes for the improvement of the
school.
v)
It shall have the powers for making appointment of teachers and non teaching staff.
vi)
It shall exercise financial powers beyond those delegated to the Principal within the
budgetary provision of the school.
vii)
It shall have the power to take stock of academic programmes and progress of the
school without jeopardising the academic freedom of Principal.
viii)
It shall guide the Principal to maintain tone and discipline in the school.
ix)
It shall ensure that the norms given in the Act of the State and by the CBSE regarding terms and
conditions of service and other rules governing recognition/affiliation of the school are strictly adhered
to.
x)
It should ensure that the school gets Furniture, Science equipment, Library books and
other teaching aids and the requisite sports material in adequate quantity and on time.
xi)
It shall exercise powers to take disciplinary action against staff.
xii)
It shall have powers to sanction leave to the Head of the Institution including casual
leave.
xiii)
It shall ensure that no financial irregularity is committed or any irregular procedure with
regard to admission/examinations is adopted.
xiv)
It shall have the power to propose to the Society rates of tuition fees and other annual charges and
also review the budget of the school presented by the Principal for forwarding the same to Society for
approval.
xv)
The Managing Committee will meet at least twice in an academic session.

25
22. Manager/Correspondent of the school-Duties,
Powers and Responsibilities
i)
The Manager / Correspondent will be an important and necessary link between the
Trust / Society and the school.
ii)
He should ensure that the directions from the Society are conveyed to the School
Managing Committee and to the Head of the Institution properly.
iii)
He will exercise general supervision over the school, subject to the control of the
Managing Committee.
iv)
He shall exercise such financial powers as are prescribed in the Scheme of
Management and delegated to him.
v)
He shall sign on the appointment letters, letters for disciplinary action against the staff
and termination, and suspension letters etc. on behalf of the Managing Committee.
vi)
He shall not interfere with the Head of the school in discharge of his responsibilities and
duties.

8827521514-OLAKA NUMBER