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D`p¡v ¹$ Ops
îudv¹$ cNhv¹$ Nusp
iåv$p¡\u kÅ®e L¡$ Anfp¡\u DL¡$gpe s¡ Nusp _\u, N¡e \B Nusê$`¡ kdÄep rh_p
Nhpe, rhr^_u `|rs® dpV¡$ hpL$ep¡ Üpfp h„Qpe, s¡ lfrNS> cNhv¹$ Nusp _\u. i`\ dpV¡$
h`fpe L¡$ `p¡\u sfuL¡$ `|Åe s¡ `Z Nusp _\u, hmu Of Ofdp„ N°„\pgep¡dp„ ip¡cp sfuL¡$
kQhpe, AÝep[ÐdL$sp L¡$ ^prd®L$sp_p `p¡jZp\£ MQp®e L¡$ A\® ÅÎep rh_p Al„L$pf_u
`yrô$ dpV¡$ ^f Ofdp„ k„N°lpe, _\u s¡ ApQfZ ASy>®__y„ r_:k„v¡$l _\u. s¡ Apv¡$i L¡$
D`v¡$i îuL©$óZ_p¡ cNhv¹$ Nusp gMpe¡gy„ `yõsL$ _\u. ïgp¡L$_p¡ A¡ k„N°l _\u, _\u s¡
h¼sìe h¼sp_y„ _\u s¡ îp¡sìe îp¡sp_y„, îudv¹$ cNhv¹$ Nusp sp¡ Q¥sÞe_p¡ Agp¥qL$L$,
Av¹cys, AM„qX$s, AõMrgs hl¡sp¡ op_ê$`u A_pqv$-A_„s âhpl R>¡. S>¡ L$p¡B iåv$p¡_u
S>„Åm\u dy¼s \B k„âv$pep¡_p L|„$X$pmp, L|$v$u_¡ `„\p`„\u_u v$uhpgp¡ Ap¡m„Nu_¡ Ap qv$ìe
Q¥sÞe âhpl_¡ õ`i® L$fu iL$i¡ s¡ Q¥sÞede b_u S>i¡ s¡dp„ g¡idpÓ i„L$p _\u. bpL$u
sp¡ Np¡Mpe¡gp Nusp_p„ iåv$p¡ `pk¡ fl¡i¡, `Z A„v$f_p¡ Anf `fdpÐdp Mp¡hpB S>i¡.
kh® D`r_jv$p¡_„y flõe, ip÷_p¡ r_Qp¡X$ sdpd h¡v$p¡_y„ sÕe, spÐ`e® A_¡ op_uAp¡,
b°ûrhv$ s\p k„sp¡_p kpnpÐL$pf_p¡ Æh_r_óL$j® Nuspdp„ klS>sp\u kfgsp\u kyfrns
A_¡ k„N°©lu_ \e¡gp¡ R>¡. Apd lp¡hp\u S> L$l¡hpey„ R>¡ L¡$ Nusp sp¡ D`r_jv$p¡_y„ d„\_ L$ep®
`R>u sfu Aph¡gy„ _h_us R>¡. Ap _h_us s¡ S> Nusp_y„ op_pd©s R>¡.
Aphp îyrs_p„ flõep¡_¡ kdS>hp k|ÿd, rhdg A_¡ kp[ÐhL$ byqÙ Å¡BA¡. s¡ L$`fp
A_¡ L$qW$_ L$pe®_¡ îuL©$óZp `fdpÐdpA¡ cNhv¹$Nusp Üpfp kfm L$fu Apàey„. ASy>®__¡
r_rds b_phu kdN° dp_hÅs_¡ dpV¡$ ApÐdop_ Myëgy„ L$fu Apàey„. dlpcpfs_u rhipm
^fsu `f Nusp sp¡ b°ûrhÛp_u MpZ R>¡. Mp¡v$pe s¡V$gy„ Mp¡v$u gp¡, sÐhop_ ê$`u kp¡_y„
g|„V$pe s¡V$gy„ g|„V$u gp¡. Nusp¡ `Ö¡i sp¡ Ad©s_u krfsp R>¡, r`hpe s¡V$gy„ `u gp¡, Ar^L$pf
d¡mhu_¡ `u gp¡, s©qàs _ \pe Ðep„ ky^u `uAp¡, s©às \ep `R>u ggL$pfp¡ L¡$ lh¡ sp¡ bk
`uhy„ A_¡ `phy„ S> A¡ S> Æh_d„Ó R>¡.
Ap`Z¡ Æh_cf tQsp L$fu rhjep¡_u, h¥fpÁe_u _l], ìe[¼sAp¡_u, rhh¡L$_u _l].
`v$p\p£_u, `fdpÐdp_u L$v$u _l]. ApL$pf_u, r_fpL$pf_u _l]. k„N dpV¡$ tQs_ L$ey®„,
Ak„Ns-ApÐdp dpV¡$ _l]. Äepf¡ NuspA¡ bp¡^ Apàep¡ Ak„Ns i÷p¡_p¡, k„kpfk„N_p
f„N_u _pb|v$u_p¡, NuspA¡ Ap`Z_¡ iuMìey„ tQs_ Ap`Zp ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$`
ApÐdp_y, Nusp_p¡ k„N, kp\ A_¡ k„hpv$ A¡V$g¡ S> Ap`Zp¡ Ap`Zu Ås kp\¡ L$f¡gp¡
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hpsp® g p`, Ap`Z¡ Ap`Zu Ås_¡ Ap`¡ g u dy g pL$ps- ""k¡ ë a kp\¡ _ u
A¡`p¡B ÞV$d¡Þ V$''Ap`Zu `pk¡ kde _\u. Ap`Zu Ås dpV¡$ kpnpÐL$pf L$fhp_p¡,
`p¡sp_u kpQu `fM rh_p S>Ns_p¡ `qfQe d¡mhhp _uL$m¡gp Ap`Z¡ L¡$V$gp L„$Npm, L¡$V$gp
`p„Nmp R>uA¡ L¡$ Ap`Zu Ås kp\¡ _Á_ \hp_y„ kplk `Z L¡$mhu iL$ep _\u. R>sp„
Ap`Z_¡ S> Ap`Zu S> Ås kp\¡ Ap`Zp Ap„sf-õhê$` kp\¡ _Á_phõ\pdp„ AptgN_
L$fphhp_u lpd cuX$u R>¡. NuspA¡, s¡\u S> AÓ¡ `yÄe õhpdu svy$`p_Þv$ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ Nusp
A¡ S> dpfp¡ A„sfpÐdp R>¡. s¡S> dyS>b Æh__p¡ âL$pf R>¡. dpfp ifuf_u dpspA¡ âk|rs_u
h¡v$_p kl_ L$fu d_¡ _pd A_¡ ApL$pf_p S>Ns_„y v$i®_ L$fpìey„, R>sp„ lz„ A„^ lsp¡. k©rô$
d_¡ S>Þd\u dmu `Z ×rô$ _ dmu. d¢ S>Þdu_¡ Å¡ey„ `Z d_¡ Mp¡B_¡, A„s¡ dp NuspA¡
d_¡ ×rô$ Ap`u A_¡ Ap¡mMpZ L$fphu d_¡ dpfp Ap„sf-õhê$`_u, Apd d_¡ dpfu kdu`
`lp¢QpX$_pfu dp õd©rs_p¡ `qfQe A¡ S> A„sfpÐdp_p¡ `qfQe R>¡. Nusp_u Ap¡mM s¡ S>
k©rô$_p A¡L$ AqÜsue Ar^›$p__u Ap¡mMpZ R>¡. Nusp_p `W$_, `pW$_, tQs_-d__
dpV¡$ L$p¡B`Z âL$pf_p c¡v$ R>¡ _l]. s¡ sp¡ Ak„N ApÐdp_p¡ D`v¡$i Ap`¡ R>¡. Nusp
op_kpNf R>¡, S>¡_y„ `pÓ S>¡hy„ li¡ s¡V$gy„ s¡ `u iL$i¡, s¡V$gy„ S> s¡ `Qphu iL$i¡, Nusp
kdS>hpdp„ DÃQ L¡$ _uQ S>_p¡_p¡ c¡v$ _\u, L$pfZ L¡$ Nusp sp¡ b°ûõhê$r`Zu R>¡. (b°û
kp¥ dpV¡$ kp¥dp kdp_ R>¡. s¡\u s¡_y„ op_ kp¥ L$p¡B dpV$¡$ kdp_ R>¡, Apqv$ i„L$fpQpe® S>Zph¡
R>¡ ""Ap Nuspip÷ h¡v$p¡_p A\p£_p kpf_p k„N°l kdp_ R>¡ V|„$L$dp„ S> Ap Nuspip÷_y„
âep¡S>_ `fd L$ëepZL$pfu R>¡.''
Nusp_p Ly$g AY$pf AÝepe R>¡ s¡dp„ R> R> AÝepe_p ÓZ rhcpNp¡ õ`ô$ kdÆ
iL$pe R>¡. â\d R> AÝepe L$d®L$p„X$, qÜsue R> AÝepe D`pk_p L$p„X$ A_¡ s©sue R>
AÝepe s¡ op_L$p„X$ R>¡. dydyny dpV¡$ Nusp_u âsuL$pÐdL$ cpjp kdS>hu S>ê$fu R>¡. S>¡\u
s¡_u kdS>dp„ kd©qÙ A_¡ rhQpfp¡_u õ`ô$sp kp\¡ kpQu rhQpfqv$ip âpàs \B iL¡$.
ASy>®_ AÓ¡ "Æh_y„' âsuL$ R>¡ ASy>®__p¡ rhjpv$ep¡N Æh_u vy$:Mv$ [õ\rs_y„ S> âsuL$
R>¡. eyÙdp„ f\ A¡ ifuf_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. s¡_p Op¡X$pAp¡ B[ÞÖep¡_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. kpfr\
Ac¡v$byqÙ_y„ A_¡ gNpd d__y„ âsuL$ R>¡. L$p¥fhp¡ Al„L$pf kcf âh©rÑ_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. Äepf¡
`p„X$hp¡ Al„L$pfey¼s r_h©rÑ_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. Äepf¡ îuL©$óZ cNhp_ L|$V$õ\ sfuL¡$ âh©rÑdp„
r_h©rÑ A_¡ r_h©rÑdp„ âh©rÑ, L$d®dp„ AL$d®, AL$d®dp„ L$d®_y„ S> v$i®_ L$f_pf kçeL$v¹rô$ey¼s
b°û_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ k„S>e A¡ BÞÖuep¡_¡ Æs_pf rhh¡L$_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. Al] `p„X$hp¡
v¥$hu k„`rs_y„ Äepf¡ L$p¥fhp¡ Apkyfu k„`rs_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. S>¡ Nuspdp„ rhh¡L$u rhjep¡\u
A_pk¼ d__¡ ÆhpÐdp_p rdÓ_y„ ârsL$ dp_¡gy„ R>¡. Äepf¡ rhjepk¼s A_¡ Arhh¡L$u d__¡
ÆhpÐdp iÓy_p âsuL$ sfuL¡$ kdÅìey„ R>¡. AÓ¡ AÞe Ap„M¡ QX¡$ s¡hy„ âsuL$ s¡ Ly$fyn¡Ó_y„
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R>¡. S>¡ ifuf dpV¡$ h`fpey„ R>¡. ifuf A¡V$g¡ M¡sf, `pL$ \pe s¡d ifuf Üpfp `yfyj `p` S>¡hp
L$dp£_u M¡su \pe R>¡. A_¡ s¡hp `pL$\u S> kyM A_¡ vy$:M S>¡hp am `¡v$p \pe R>¡. s¡\u
ifuf ê$`u L$d®c|rd_y„ S> âsuL$ s¡ Ly$fyn¡Ó R>¡, A_¡ d__p âsuL$ `Z Ly$fyn¡Ó S> R>¡. Apd
âsuL$pÐdL$ (rkçbp¡rgL$) cpjpdp„ W¡$f W¡$f âsuL$ Üpfp sÐh_y„ v$i®_ L$fphhp_p¡ âepk R>¡.
huf `yfyjp¡ sÐh_¡ `pd¡ R>¡, S>¡_¡ cpjp_p„ âsuL$p¡ _ `L$X$psp„ s¡ dp¡l_¡ `pd¡ R>¡. Nuspdp„
cNhp_ îuL©$óZ_y„ ×rô$tbvy$ L$¡ ArcNd S>¡_¡ õ`ô$ \sy„ _\u. s¡_¡ Nusp kdS>hu AOfu
gpN¡ R>¡. `Z Å¡ cNhp__p¡ L$\__p¡ ×rô$L$p¡Z õ`ô$ \pe sp¡ vy$N®d gpNsy„ sÐh kyNd
\B `X¡$ R>¡. s¡\u cNhp__p„ hQ_p¡ rhi¡ rhQpfhy„ L¡$ s¡ Æhcph¡, Bðfcph¡ kNyZ L$¡$
r_Ny®Z b°û sfuL¡$, iyÙ b°ûcph¡ ifufcph¡, L¡$ Ahspfu sfuL¡$ A\hp L$p¡B AÞe cph¡
bp¡gpe¡gp$ R>¡ ! Nusp A¡ gMpe¡g `yõÐL$ _\u, A`pe¡gp h¼sìep¡ R>¡, bp¡gpe¡gp iåv$p¡
R>¡. s¡\u h¼sp_p¡ ×rô$L$p¡Z kdS>hp¡ M|b S> Ar_hpe® R>¡.
îudv¹$cNhv¹$Nusp_u õsyrsê$`¡ A¡hy„ L$l¡hpe R>¡ S>¡ A_¡L$ rhõs©s ip÷p¡_u A`¡npA¡
L¡$hm A¡L$ cNhv¹$Nusp_p¡ Aæepk dydynyAp¡ dpV¡$ `ep®às R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ õhe„ cNhp_
îuL©$óZQ„Ö_p dyML$dmdp„\u Nusp DÐ`Þ_ \B R>¡.

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AÝepe : 1 rhjpv$ep¡N
Ap`Z¡ kp¥A¡ A„sfpÐdp_p„ KX$pZdp„ Dsfhp L¡$ A_„s Akud_¡ Apbhp qv$iprhlp¡Zu
v$ipdp„ DX$p_ L$fhp krlepfp¡ `yfyjp\® L$fhp_p¡ R>¡. A¡hp¡ `yfyjp\® A¡S> cNhv$Nusp_p
sÐh_p¡ rhQpf; s¡_p kÐh_y„ d__ A_¡ r_óL$j®_y„ d_p¡dÞ\_, s¡_p spÐ`e®_y„ r_qv$Ýepk_,
`f„sy L$v$u _ c|gpe L¡$ r_qv$Ýepk__p Ar^L$pfu \hp ANf ApÐdrhQpf_p ApN°lu \hp,
Ap`Z¡ A„s:L$fZiy[Ù dpV¡$ Ahíe âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ Å¡BA¡. Ap dpV¡$_p¡ D`pe îudv$cNhv$¹
NuspA¡ k|Qh¡gp¡ R>¡, A_¡ s¡ D`pe A¡V$g¡ r_óL$pdL$d®ep¡N, â\d R> AÝepedp„
r_óL$pdL$d®_p¡ k„v¡$i Ap`hpdp„ Apìep¡ R>¡. AÝepe A¡L$\u R>_¡ L$d®L$p„X$ A¡hy„ _pd Apàey„
R>¡.
Nusp_p D`v¡$i_y„ TfÏ„ ASy>®__p dp¡lê$`u buS>dp„\u A„Ly$qfs \ey„ R>¡. ASy>®__u
d|„ThZ, s¡_u dp¡lN°õs qÜ^p, s¡_p¡ Æh_k„Oj® s¡ S> Nusp_p op_p¡`v¡$i_y„ d|m L¡$ buS>
R>¡. dpV¡$ S> â\d AÝepe_y„ _pd rhjpv$ep¡N fpMhpdp„ Aph¡gy„ R>¡. â\d ^©sfpô²$ S>¡hu
Ap„M¡ A„^ R>¡ s¡hu ìe[¼s Üpfp bp¡gpe R>¡. s¡ kdN° Aby^ kdpS>_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. S>¡_pdp„
dpfp-`fpep S>¡hu c¡v$ byqÝ^ R>¡. s¡ kp¥ R>su Ap„M¡ `Z dp¡lp„^ R>¡. L$p¡B ¾$p¡^prÁ_\u A„^
R>¡, Äepf¡ ^©sfpô²$ õhe„ kNp cpBAp¡_p `yÓp¡_¡ `fpep NZu, `p¡sp_p `yÓp¡_¡ `p¡suL$p
NZu, dp¡l_p `pidp„ b„^pe¡g dp¡lp^ R>¡. s¡_pdp„ `fpep dpV¡$ Ö¥j A_¡ `p¡sp_pdp„
Apk[¼s L¡$ fpN X$p¡qL$ep„ L$fsp¡ v¡$Mpe R>¡, s¡\u S> ^©sfpô²$ dp¡l_p `pidp„ dp¡lp„^ \e¡gp¡,
dpfy„ A_¡ spfy„ A¡hu byqÙdp„ NmpX|$b X|$b¡gp¡ Æh R>¡. s¡ L$pd, ¾$p¡^, dp¡l, dv$ A_¡ dÐkf_¡
S> `p¡sp_p„ k„sp_ L$p¥fhê$`¡ dp_¡ R>¡. A_¡ rhh¡L$, h¥fpÁe, jV$k„`rs, dydynp, s¡dS> v¥$hu
k„`rs S>¡hp NyZp¡_¡ `fpep L¡$ `p„X$hõhê$` dp_¡ R>¡. Aphu c¡v$byqÙdp„ L¡$v$ \e¡gp¡ L¡$v$u
^©sfpô²$ Nusp_p¡ â\d âñ k„S>e_¡ `|R>u _pM¡ R>¡. `p¡sp_p `yÓp¡ A_¡ `p¡sp_p _\u s¡hp
`fpep `p„X$hp¡ hÃQ¡_p eyÙ_y„ \ey„ iy„ ?
^d®n¡Ó¡ Ly$ fyn¡Ó ¡ kdh¡_p eyeyÐkh: —&
dpdL$p: `pX$hpð¥h qL$dLy$ h®s k„S>e —&&
kde¡sp = A¡L$W$p \e¡gp, eyeyÐkh = eyÙ L$fhp_u BÃR>phpmp qL$d¹ - iy„ ALy$h®s
= L$eȳ ?
AÓ¡ ^d®n¡Ó A_¡ Ly$fyn¡Ó b¡ iåv$p¡ h`fpep R>¡. s¡dp„ n¡Ó_p¡ A\® ifuf L¡$ v¡$l \pe
R>¡. ifuf A¡ Ly$fyn¡Ó R>¡. A\p®s¹ L$d®_y„ n¡Ó = kp^_ R>¡. ifuf Üpfp S> `p` L¡$ `yÎe L$d®
\B iL¡$ R>¡. `yÎeL$d® Üpfp S> ^d®_u âpràs \pe R>¡. s¡\u ifufê$`u n¡Ó A¡ ^d®âpràs_y„
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n¡Ó `Z R>¡. s¡\u S> ^d®n¡Ó L$l¡hpe R>¡. Äepf¡ v¡$l hNf L$d® i¼e _\u s¡\u s¡ Ly$fyn¡Ó
`Z R>¡. Apd rhQpfsp L$pd, ¾$p¡^, dp¡l, fS>k¹, sdk¹, h©rÑ A_¡ Apkyfu k„`rsê$`u L$p¥fh
s\p v¥$hu k„`rs, kp[ÐhL$ h©rÑ A_¡ rhh¡L$, h¥fpÁe, id, v$dpqv$, kv¹$NyZp¡ê$`u `p„X$hp¡
hÃQ¡_y„ Ap„sfeyÙ Ap`Zp d_ L¡$ v¡$l_p kdfp„NZdp„ kss Qpëep„ S> L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hp dp_k
eyÙdp„ ÆÐey„ L$p¡Z ? lpfu Ney„ L$p¡Z ? eyÙ \„cphu v$u^y„ L$p¡Z¡ ? ey^rhQpf\u h¡Nmy„ \ey„
L$p¡Z ? A^d}„ \B gX$éy„ L$p¡Z ? ^d} \B i÷p¡ Y$pmu v$u^p L$p¡Z¡ ? i÷_p„ k„Np\dp„
i|fhufsp bsphu L$p¡Z¡ ? s¡hu rS>opip\u ^©sfpô²$ `p¡sp_u S> [õ\f drs_¡ ANf kp[ÐhL$
L¡$ rhh¡L$ byqÙê$`u, k„S>e_¡ L$lp¡ L¡$ ÅZ¡ âñ L$fsp¡ lp¡e s¡hy„ sÐhp\£ AÓ¡ kdS>hp_y„ R>¡.
DÑd Ar^L$pfuA¡ rhQnZ ìe[¼sA¡ L¡$ r_›$php_ dydynyA¡ Aphu S> k|ÿdbyqÙ Üpfp
kdN° Nusp_p spÐ`e®_¡ õ`i® L$fhp âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ rlsphl R>¡. s¡ kdS>hp ìep\p\® A_¡
iåv$p\®-gnp\® N|W$p\® S>ê$fu R>¡. dlrj® h¡v$ìepkÆA¡ k„S>e_¡ qv$ìe ×rô$ Ap`u, s¡\u
k„S>e fpS>^p_udp„ b¡W$p b¡W$p v|$f Ly$fyn¡Ó_u gnc|rd `f S>¡ L„$B \B füy„ R>¡ s¡_p¡ Ap„M¡
v¡$¿ep¡ Al¡hpg fpÅ ^©sfpóV²$_¡ k„cmph¡ R>¡. k„S>e A\p®s¹ kd¹+S>e = B[ÞÖep¡ `f rhS>e
L$f_pfp¡, S>¡_¡ r_Ðe-Ar_Ðe_p¡ rhh¡L$ R>¡. s¡S>¡ S> k„S>e L$l¡hpe R>¡. k„S>eiug `yfyj_¡ S>
k„S>e L$l¡hpe R>¡. Aphp A\® ÅZhp\u lh¡ kdÆ iL$pi¡ L¡$ k„S>e DhpQ - k„S>e bp¡ëep
A¡V$g¡ L$p¡Z bp¡ëey„. k„S>e¡ S>¡ L„$B L$üy„ s¡ ^©sfpô²¡$ kp„cþey„ A\p®s¹ L$p¡Z¡ kp„cþey„ ? sÐh_u
×rô$A¡ S>¡ `p¡sp_p ifuf_¡ S> `p¡sp_y„ õhê$` ÅZ¡ R>¡. A\p®s ""lz„ ifuf Ry>„ A_¡ ifuf
dpfy„ R>¡.'' s¡hy„ ÅZ_pf A_¡ ApÐdsÐh_¡ _l] ÅZ_pf S>¡ A„^ R>¡. s¡Z¡ kp„cþey„ s¡hy„
S> kdS>hp_y„ R>¡. ^©sfpô²$ `|h£ \B Nep¡ A_¡ lpg s¡hy„ _\u. S>¡ L$p¡B ifuf_p ApL$pf_¡
`p¡sp_u kflv$ dp_u fpô²$ L¡$ kpd°pS>edp„ S> fÃep¡`Ãep¡ fl¡ R>¡ s\p ApÐdp_¡ Å¡sp¡ A_¡
ÅNsp¡ _\u s¡hp¡ dp¡lp„^ ^©sfpô²$ S> R>¡ S>¡ k„S>e Üpfp Ap„M¡ v¡$¿ep¡ Al¡hpg kp„cm¡ R>¡.
fpÅ vy$ep£^_¡ Nyfy Öp¡ZpQpe®_u kdu` S>B_¡ `p„X$hp¡_u k¡_p_y„ r_funZ L$eȳ `R>u
ApX$L$sfy„ kyQ_ L$f¡ R>¡. vy$ep£^__p¡ A„sfpÐdp sp¡ L$„BL$ A¡hp¡ L$V$pn`|Z® R>¡ L¡$ l¡ ApQpe®
! Ap iÓyAp¡ AÞe_p _l] Ap`_p S> s¥epf L$f¡gp R>¡. Ap`_p¡ rióe Öy`v$ `yÓ ^©sfpô²$
S> `p„X$h k¡_p_p¡ k¡_p`rs R>¡. A¡ sp¡ W$uL$ `Z s¡_¡ Ap`¡ S> ^_yrhÛp iuMhu R>¡. `p¡sp_p
Nyfy Öp¡ZpQpe® âÐe¡ vy$ep£^__p Aphp hQ_p¡ k|Qh¡ R>¡ L¡$ s¡_p¡ rhS>e L$v$pr` k„chu iL¡$
S> _l]. vy$ô$ byqÙ sp¡ `fpS>e_¡ S> `pÓ R>¡. vy$ep£^_ `p„X$hk¡_p_p i|fhufp¡_p _pd
NZphhp„ iê$ L$ep¯ s¡ S> v$ip®h¡ R>¡ L¡$ NcfpB Nep¡ R>¡. Æh_ A¡L$ k„N°pd R>¡ A_¡ dp_h
d_ Ly$fyn¡Ó R>¡, S>¡dp„ kp[ÐhL$ h©rÑ v¥$h k„`rs r_Ðeprhh¡L$ s\p fpS>k h©rÑ Apkyfu k„`rs
A_¡ Arhh¡L$ hÃQ¡ eyÙ R>¡. vy$ep£^__¡ rhðpk R>¡ L¡$ dpfp dpV¡$ âpZ Þep¡R>phf L$f_pfp
A_¡L$ i|fhufp¡ R>¡ S>¡\u d_¡ eyÙdp„ rhS>e dmi¡. s¡Z¡ L$üy„ L¡$ `p¡sp_pp¡ rhS>e cuódr`sp_¡
Ap^u_ R>¡. Ap kp„cmu cuódr`spdl tkl_pv$ kp\¡ i„M_pv$\u ^fsu ÅZ¡ ^°yS>hu L$pY$u,
5
L$p¥fh k¡_p Üpfp eyÙ_u iê$Apsdp„ S>¡ ce„L$f AphpS> i„Mp¡_p¡ Ny„Åfh, Y$p¡g_u ^°yÅfu
Apqv$ `p„X$hp¡_p¡ Sy>õkp¡ sp¡X$ép¡ DÐkpl r_b®m L$fhp S>¡ vy$íddp¡_¡ X$fphhp dpV¡$ R>¡.
Ap `R>u sfs S> eyÙdp„\u îuL©$óZ A_¡ ASy>®__p¡ âh¡i v$ip®hhp\u args \pe R>¡
L¡$ `p„X$hp¡ X$ep® _\u `Z `X$L$pf Tughp kpdu R>psuA¡ fZdp„ âh¡i¡ R>¡.
lh¡ f\ `p„X$hk¡_p_u âh©rÑ v$ip®h¡ R>¡.
AÓ¡ ð¡s Op¡X$phpmp f\_p k|Q_\u õ`ô$ R>¡ L¡$ `p\®-ASy>®_ S> f\_p¡ dprgL$-
k¡_p`rs R>¡. dp^h-L©$óZ S> f\_p kpfr\ R>¡. hmu ASy>®__p kpfr\ sp¡ kam rhð_y„
k„Qpg_ L$fhp_y„ kpdÕe® ^fph_pf R>¡. s¡_¡ hu^u_¡ L$p¡B suf Apf`pf S>B iL¡$ s¡d _\u,
s¡\u ASy>®__u fnp sp¡ r_:k„v¡$l R>¡ S>. ASy>®_¡ `p¡sp_p f\_y„ k|L$p_ kp¢àey„ R>¡ îu dp^h_¡,
S>¡ L$p¡B `p¡sp_p Æh_f\_u gNpd `fdpÐdp_p lp\dp„ kp¢`u s¡_u ifZpNrs_p¡ õhuL$pf
L$fi¡, s¡_¡ R>¡ L$ep„ L$p¡B AL$õdps_p¡ ce ? R>¡ ¼ep„ L$p¡B `fpS>e_p¡ X$f ? kpQp ifZdp„
R>¡ L$ep„ dfZ ! Aphu A`f„`pf r_:k„v¡$l, r_:i„L$ r_ìepS> îÙp S> kp^L$_¡ s¡_p `fd
îÖ¡e ky^u_u epÓp L$fphu A„s¡ îÙphp_ A_¡ îÜ¡e_p¡ c¡v$ rdV$phu, Ac¡v$p_yc|rs L$fph¡
R>¡. epv$ fpMhy„ OV¡$ L¡$ Ap`Z¡ îÙ¡e S> Ap`Zp¡ A„sep®du R>¡. S>¡ _\u `pk L¡$ _\u v|$f
`Z kp¥_y "õhê$`' kp¥ kp¥_y„ ApÐdõhê$`.
AÓ¡ dp^h_p ifZ¡ S>hy„ A\p®s dpep\u dy¼s \hy„ dpep_p¡ `rs A¡ S> dp^h R>¡.
Apd sÐhp\®dp„ S>¡ dpep\u dy¼s R>¡. s¡S> b„^__p klpf dpV¡$, dy[¼s_p S>eOp¡j
dpV¡$, rhh¡L$-h¥fpÁe_p¡ i„M aw„L¡$ R>¡. s¡d k|Qhhp îu L©$óZ A_¡ ASy>®_¡ `Z i„M aw„¼ep
AÓ¡ S>¡ f\ R>¡ s¡ ifuf_y„ âsuL$ R>¡. s¡_¡ B[ÞÖep¡ê$`u `p„Q Op¡X$p R>¡, d_ê$`u gNpd R>¡,
byqÙê$`u kpfr\ R>¡ A_¡ ÆhpÐdp f\_p¡ dprgL$ R>¡. Å¡ kpfr\ rhh¡L$u lp¡e sp¡ f\ A_¡
fr\-ÆhpÐdp A„rsd L$ëepZ_¡ dpN£ âepZ L$fu, S>Þd d©Ðey_p Q¾$\u dy¼s \pe. Al]
sp¡ ASy>®__p kpfr\ îuL©$óZ R>¡ S>¡ iyÙbyqÙ A\p®s ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$` R>¡. s¡\u
ASy>®__p¡ eyÙdp„ rhS>e r_ròs R>¡. A_¡ Æh_dp„ dp¡l A_¡ ArhÛp_p _pi Üpfp dp¡n
õhe„rkÙ R>¡ s¡hy„ S> k|Q_ N°pü R>¡.
`R>u_p ïgp¡L$dp„ `p„X$hp¡_p¡ i„M_pv$ v|$ep£^_ Apqv$ L$p¥fhp¡_u L¡$hu [õ\rs \B s¡ hZ®h¡
R>¡ k„S>e ^©sfpô$²_¡ `p„X$hp¡ r_c®esp_u v$i®_ L$fphhp ASy>®__¡ îL$©óZ âÐe¡_p L$\__¡
S>Zphsp L$l¡ R>¡.
ASy>®__p f\_u ^Ådp„ l_ydp_Æ_y„ rQÞl R>¡, s¡ k|Qh¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ l_ydp_Æ S>¡hp¡
h¥fpÁehp_ c¼s li¡ s¡_p Æh__y„ A„rsd rQÞl h¥fpÁe S> li¡ A_¡ h¥fpÁehp_ S>
6
Acesp âpàs \pe R>¡. s¡\u ASy>®__¡ ce _\u `fpS>e_p¡ L¡$ d©Ðey_p¡, Apd ÐepN
h¥fpÁe_u d|rs® kdp_ l_ydp_Æ_p S>¡_p ùv$edp„ rbfpS>dp_ lp¡e s¡, S>¡d l_ydp_Æ
L$p¡B`Z Aphg„b_ rh_p Ly$v$u Aip¡L$ hpqV$L$pdp„ Esep® s¡d kp¥ Æhp¡ h¥fpÁe_p klpf¡,
Ak„N i÷_p k\hpf¡ Apg„b_ rh_p S> Æhchdp„\u L|$v$u, b°ûcphdp [õ\s \B iL$i¡
s¡dp„ L$p¡B k„v¡$l _\u. ASy>®_ `Z `p¡sp_p Æh_`\dp„ h¥fpÁe, ÐepN A_¡ Ak„Ni÷\u
S> dp¡lÅm\u Ly$v$u, dp¡ldy¼s \B ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf L$fi¡ s¡dp„ i„L$p _\u. s¡hp¡ Ncp®\®
N|W$p\® L¡$ gÿep„\® kp„L¡$rsL$ cpjpdp„ S>Zpe R>¡. `p„X$hp¡_u k¡_p_p„ k¡_pr^`rs_u Av$p\u
cNhp__¡ Apv¡$i Ap`u v¡$ R>¡ L¡$ ""dpfp¡ f\ b¡ k¡_p_u hÃQ¡ gB Aphp¡'' Al]
ASy>®_ c]s, c|ëep¡ kÑp_p dv$dp„ s¡_p\u cNhp__¡ Apv¡$i A`pB Nep¡. AÓ¡ Nusp_p¡
k„v¡$i Myb S> k|QL$ R>¡ L¡$ kÑp, i÷ A_¡ k„`rs_p _ipdp„ ìe[¼s rhh¡L$ Nydphu dp¡l_¡
Ap^u_ \B `p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp_p„ dp¡nÜpf b„^ L$f¡ R>¡ S>¡_pdp„ _d°sp _\u, s¡ L$v$u op__p¡
Ar^L$pfu _\u; op__y„ A_pqv$ A_„s TfÏ„ s¡ D`f\u _uQ¡ sfa hl¡hp_p õhcphhpmy„
S> R>¡.
Al] S>¡ b¡ k¡_p_u hps R>¡ s¡ âsuL$dp„ sp¡ A„s¡ Ap`Zp dp_rkL$ k„Oj®_u S> hps
R>¡ Ap`Zp d_dp„ kss kp[ÐhL$ fpS>rkL$ kv¹$NyZ A_¡ vy$Ny®Z_u k¡_pAp¡ hÃQ¡ eyÙ
Qpëep L$f¡ R>¡. s¡Ap¡ kpd¡ kpd¡ S> Ecp R>¡. L$pd ¾$p¡^, gp¡c, dp¡l, i÷p¡, DNpdu_¡
rhh¡L$, h¥fpÁe, id A_¡ ip„rs_p¡ k„lpf L$fhp sÐ`f S> S>Zpe R>¡. Ap A_p„qv$ dp_keyÙ
dpV¡$ Nusp_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡ L¡$ iÓy Ap`Zu A„v$f R>¡. s¡ Ap`Zp Aop_u_p S> k„sp_p¡ R>¡¡,
s¡d_p¡ k„lpf L$fhp¡ s¡ S> Ap`Zp¡ rhS>e R>¡. Ap`Z¡ Ap`Zp `f Ap¾$dZ \ep rh_p
Ap¾$dZ L$fu L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c Arhh¡L$ A_¡ dp¡l_p¡ k„lpf L$fhp_p¡ R>¡. s¡ dpV¡$ Ap`Z¡
`Z kpnu cph¡ d__p Ly$fyn¡Ódp„ Dcp flu Ap„sf-iÓyAp¡ r_lpmhp_p R>¡.
îuL©$óZ¡ ASy>®__¡ L$üy„, ""l¡ `p\® ! A¡L$W$p \e¡gp L$p¥fhp¡_¡ Å¡' ' cNhp_
îuL©$óZ¡ kpfr\ sfuL¡$ Ly$fyn¡Ódp„ âh¡i L$ep£, s¡\u Å¡ L$p¡B_¡ A¡hu i„L$p Åe L¡$ cNhp_
Atlkp ê$`u ^d® õhuL$pfu ASy>®__¡ eyÙ_u Op¡f âh©rÑ\u `pR>p¡ hpmi¡ sp¡ A¡hu i„L$p
D`f_p L$\_\u Mp¡V$u W$f¡ R>¡. s¡ rkhpe L$p¡B ^pfZp L$f¡ L¡$ ASy>®_¡ cNhp__p¡ b¡ k¡_p_u
hÃQ¡ f\ gphhp_p¡ Apv¡$i Apàep¡ s¡\u îuL©$óZ `p¡sp_y„ A`dp_ kdÆ eyÙc|rd ÐeÆ
S>i¡ sp¡ s¡ i„L$p_¡ õ\p_ fl¡sy„ _\u. `f„sy îuL©$óZ kh®o s\p A„sep®du lp¡hp\u ÅZu
Nep R>¡ L¡$ ASy>®_ L$v$pQ b„^yAp¡_¡, õ_¡luAp¡_¡ Å¡B v$epcph\u eyÙL$d®\u `pR>p¡ `X¡$ sp¡
s¡_¡ âp¡Ðkpl_ Ap`hp A\£ L¡$ ""Ap kh®_¡ Å¡B g¡'' cNhp__y„ Aphy„ hQ_ dpÓ kpQp
nrÓe_¡ eyÙdp„ L|$v$u `X$hp dpV¡$ `ep®às R>¡. l¡ ASy>®_ ! sy„ L|$v$u `X$ eyÙdp„ ""cg¡
lr\epf spfp lp\dp„ `Z Oph R>¡ dpfp lp\dp„'' ASy>®_ Ap kp¥ dpfp Üpfp A\p®s¹
7
s¡d_p L$d£ S> d©Ðey_¡ dpV¡$ r_ròs \B Q|¼ep R>¡. lz„ L$pdpÝen L$d® amv$psp Ry>„ s¡\u d¢
kp¥ iÓyAp¡_¡ `pX¡$gp S> R>¡. spf¡ sp¡ i÷ DNpdu r_rds b_hp_y„ R>¡. eyÙdp„ â¡fZp âv$p_
L$fhp S> bp¡ëep L¡$ ""Ap kp¥_¡ Å¡B g¡.''
`p\® k„b„^_p k„v$c®dp„ ASy>®_ rhi¡ îuL©$óZ L$f¡gy„ A_ydp_ kpQy„ W$eȳ ASy>£_ `p¡sp_p
õ_¡luAp¡, b„^yAp¡_u lÐep_p rhQpf\u L„$`u DW$ép¡, NmNmp¡ \B_¡ L$l¡hp gpÁep¡ L$¡, kpd¡
Dc¡gp ApQpe®, Üp¥ZpQpe®, cuódr`sp, L$pL$pAp¡, v$pv$pAp¡, dpdpAp¡, `yÓp¡, `p¥Óp¡, kNp-
õ_¡luAp¡_¡ Å¡B dpfp A„Np¡ ri\ug \pe R>¡, iõÓp¡ D`pX$u k„lpf L$fhp_u spL$ps ^fphu
iLy$ s¡d _\u. ifufdp„ ^°yÅfu R|>V¡$ R>¡, Np„X$uh ^_yóe lp\dp„\u kfu `X¡$ R>¡. dpfy„ d_ cd¡
R>¡. l¡ L¡$ih ! d_¡ sp¡ lh¡ A`iyL$_ v¡$Mpe R>¡. dpfp õ_¡luAp¡_p¡ k„lpf L$fhpdp„ d_¡ dpfy„
L$ëepZ v¡$Mpsy„ _\u. ASy>®_¡ AÓ¡ L$f¡gp¡ krÞ_`ps L¡$ ghpfp¡ v$ip®h¡ R>¡ L¡$ s¡_u dp¡lpk[¼s
nrÓe sfuL¡$ s¡_u afS> L¡$ L$s®ìer_›$p_¡ L$p¡rmep¡ L$fu NB R>¡. ASy>®__¡ r_rds b_phu
NuspA¡ kdpS>_u kmNsu kdõep_¡ Æhsp¡ ÅNsp¡ rQspf Apàep¡ R>¡ A_¡ L$s®ìer_›$p
A_¡ dp¡l_p k„Oj®_p¡ kp¥_¡ `qfQe L$fpìep¡ R>¡.
dp¡l_pi_u ApÐdpop_ê$`u v$hp ip¡^hp_¡ bv$g¡ s¡ `p¡sp_¡ v¡$ihV$p¡ v¡$hp BÃR>¡,
d©Ðeyv„$X$ v¡$hp rhQpf¡ s¡ _fu c°p„rs A_¡ L$pefsp R>¡. Nusp`v¡$i, L$pefsp_p¡ _\u, D`v¡$i
dp¡lpk¼s \B h¡hgp \hp_p¡ _\u; Apv¡$i L$s®ìedp„\u _pku S>hp_¡ _p¡ lfrNS> _\u; k„v¡$l
s¡\u õ`ô$ \hy„ Å¡BA¡ L¡$ Å¡ L$p¡B ASy>®__u S>¡d k„kpf_u S>hpbv$pfudp„\u L„$V$pmu bpmL$p¡
`Ð_u L¡$ L$s®ìe\u `f¡ip_ \B k„kpf\u _piu S>B k„Þepku \i¡. sp¡ v$bpe¡gu N|„Nmpe¡gu
hpk_p Nd¡ Ðepf¡ cc|L$u DW$i¡ A_¡ Æh_ cX$L¡$ bmi¡. dpV¡$ rhh¡L$ kp\¡ rhQpfhy„ L¡$
Ap`Ï„ L$s®ìe iy„ R>¡ ? A_¡ Ap`Zp¡ Ar^L$pf i¡dp„ R>¡ ? L$d® ÐepN_p Ar^L$pfu b¡iL$
cg¡ L$d® ÐepN¡, `Z A„s:L$fZ L$s®ìe AiyÙ lp¡e rQÑ dp¡lp^ lp¡e, Æh_dp„
Apk[¼s_u Ap¡V$ Aphsu S> _ lp¡e sp¡ r_›$p`|h®L$ L$s®ìe L$d® L$fhpdp„ S> kpf R>¡. s¡hp
r_›$p`|h®L$_p r_óL$pdL$d®\u S> rQÑiyqÙ \B op_ \i¡ A_¡ s¡ Üpfp dp¡l v|$f \i¡ dp¡l
v|$f L$fhpdp„ S> Nusp_u kp\®L$sp R>¡.
k„S>e fpÅ ^©sfpô²_¡ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ASy>®_ ""ip¡L$\u Ars ìepLy$m rQÑhpmp¡''
S>Zpe R>¡. s¡ S> AÝepedp„ iuj®L$_y„ kyQ_ R>¡. Ap AÝepe_y„ _pd rhjpv$ep¡N R>¡ L$pfZ
L$¡ eyÙdp„ ASy>®_dp„ rhjpv$_p¡ S>Þd \pe R>¡. Aphp¡ rhjpv$ S> s¡_¡ h¥fpÁe sfa M¢Qu S>i¡.
A_¡ h¥fpÁe S> ApÐdop_ dpV¡$_p¡ Ar^L$pf d¡mhhp_y„ âh¡iÜpf R>¡. S>¡_pdp„ h¥fpÁe Aphi¡
s¡_p Æhdp„ rhh¡L$, jV$k„`rs (= id, v$pd, rsrsnp D`frs îÙp kdp^p_) A_¡ dydyny
(dp¡n_u BÃR>p) Ap`p¡Ap` S> Aphu S>i¡ rhjpv$ep¡N Üpfp ASy>®__p¡ rhjpv$ v$ip®hhp
`pR>m â\d AÝepe_p¡ l¡sy Ar^L$pf-r_Z®e_¡ lsp¡ s¡ `Z rkÙ \pe R>¡.
8
cNhv¹$Nusp dp¡nip÷ R>¡ s¡\u s¡_p kp¥ `pÓp¡_u ApÝep[ÐdL$sp L$ë`_p S> L$fhu
ep¡Áe R>¡ A_¡ s¡hp„ `pÓp¡ Üpfp bp¡gpe¡gp hQ_p¡_¡ `Z ApÐdop__u L¡$ dp¡ndpN®_u
Örô$\u kdS>hp bpL$u Ap`Z¡ iåv$p¡_u Q|„\pQ|„\dp„ õhN®, _fL$, ^d®, A^d®, t`X$v$p_,
s`®Z S>¡hu q¾$epAp¡_u QQp®dp„\u KQp S> _lu AphuA¡ iåv$p¡_u S>„Åmdp„\u b°û_p¡
fõsp¡ S> ê„$^pB S>i¡. hps õ`ô$ \pe R>¡ L¡$, dlpcpfs_y„ NuspNs eyÙ s¡ L„$B dp_h-
dp_h hÃQ¡_u gX$pB _\u. s¡dp„ A¡L$ dp_huA¡ AÞe `f Æs d¡mhhp S>„N M¡ghp_p¡
_\u. s¡ sp¡ `p¡s¡ `p¡sp `f Ap¾$dL$ \ep rh_p L$f¡gy„ Ap¾$dZ R>¡. `p¡sp_¡ Æshp dpV¡$_u
gX$pB R>¡. Q„Ö `f `lp¢Qhp_y„ _\u. rQÑ`f QY$pB L$fu s¡_u hpk_p¡A¡ klpf L$fu fp¡L¡$V$
"d„Nm' `f R>p¡X$hp_¡ bv$g¡ "d_' D`f R>p¡X$hp_y„ R>¡ S>¡dp L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c, dp¡l cfpB_¡
b¡W$p R>¡, s¡ S> Nusp kdÅh¡ R>¡ L¡$ iÓyAp¡ Ap`Zu A„v$f R>¡, `fpep_u cph_p, `fpep
`pfL$p_p¡ rhQpf blpf _\u d__u A„v$f R>¡ S>¡_p¡ _pi L$fhp_p¡ R>¡.
sÐhp\® \sp A\®OV$_dp„ vy$ep£^_ Al„L$pf R>¡ Üp¡ZpQpe® Q„Qm d_ R>¡. Apkyfu
k„`rs s¡ S> L$p¥fhp¡ A_¡ v¥$hu, k„`rs s¡ `p„X$hp¡ R>¡. ^©sfpô²$ Æhê$`¡ R>¡. îuL©$óZ
b°ûõhê$` R>¡. s¡\u s¡ d_¡ kpfr\ sfuL¡$ op_`„\¡ gB S>_pfp kpf\u R>¡. ASy>®_ rhjpv$_p¡
cp¡N b_¡ R>¡ s¡\u s¡ h¥fpÁe_y„ âsuL$ R>¡, Aphu kdS> kp\¡ S> L$p¡B Nusp kdS>hp âepi
L$fi¡ s¡_¡ L$ep„e L$p¡B S> dyíL¡$gu S>Zpi¡ _l]. Ap S> Nusp_p flõeê$`u MÅ_p_¡
Mp¡ghp_u Qphu R>¡ Æh_ A¡L$ Æh„s fZn¡Ó R>¡, T„Tphps R>¡ âñp¡ A_¡ kdõep_p¡ h„V$p¡m
R>¡, k„Ojp£_u lpfdpmp R>¡, d_ê$`u gNpd âcy_¡ kp¢`¡ R>¡ s¡_p Æh__p v$f¡L$ r_Z®e
`fdpÐdp S> g¡ R>¡.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-1 rhjpe¹ ep¡N
kdp às
&& îuL©$ óZ`®Z dõsy —&&

9
AÝepe : 2 kp„¿e ep¡N
â\d AÝepe_¡ A„s¡ k„S>e¡ L$l¡gy„ L¡$ ASy>®_ i÷ R>p¡X$u, fZc|rd hÃQ¡ S> eyÙ _
L$fhp_p Bfpv¡$, f\_u `pR>m b¡ku Nep¡ s¡\u ^©sfpô²$_u rS>opkp h^¡gu A_¡ ApNm
iy„ \ey„ s¡ ÅZhp s¡Z¡ Bipfp¡ L$ep£.
rhjpv$\u O¡fpe¡gp„ ASy>®__¡ qv$hk¡ `Z Ap„M¡ A„^pfp Aph¡ s¡d b¡bpL$mp¡ bÞep¡ R>¡.
AQp_L$ S>¡d O_Op¡m hpv$mp¡_u hÃQ¡ S>¡d rhS>mu_y„ dp¥_ bp¡g¡ s¡d îuL©$óZ_u hpZu
QdL$u DW$u A_¡ ASy>®__¡ kp„¿ev$i®_ê$`u v$p¡gs S>X$u NB A_¡ qÜrse¥ AÝepe_u
rhQpfZp iê$ \B, rhjpv¡$ h¥fpÁe_y„ Üpf Mp¡ëey„ A_¡ ASy>®_ kp„¿eep¡Nê$`u âcy_p„ op__p¡
Ar^L$pfu bÞep¡, ASy>®_¡ rióecph¡ op_p¡`v¡$i_u L$f¡gu rh_„su îuL©$óZ Üpfp op_p¡`v¡$i,
S>¡dp„ õh^dp£_p¡, kdÐhep¡N_p¡ A_¡ [õ\rsâo_p„ gnZp¡_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡. ASy>®__p„ ip¡L$-
dp¡l_¡ v|$f L$fhp Apðpk_ Ap`hp A_¡ ApÐdop_ê$`u ^¥e®_p¡ qv$`L$ âNV$phhp îu L©$óZ
S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ -
ASy>®_ê$`u îp¡sp_¡, cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ `y_:õdfZ L$fsy„ õhe„ ip¡¥e® A_¡ kplk_p¡
kpNf R>¡. l¡ `p\® ! l¡ îp¡sp ! S>NpX$ spfp v¥$hs_¡, DW$pX$ spfp ENsp„ `fp¾$d _¡, dp¡l_p¡
s_¡ õ`i£ _rl lp¡e, S>¡d `h__¡ hpv$mp¡_p¡ ce _rl lp¡e, epv$ fpM S>¡d hpey hpv$mp¡_¡
Å¡B _pku S>sp¡ _\u, Adfsp dp¡s_¡ Å¡B `gpe_ \su _\u, kpNf kqfsp\u cecus
\sp¡ _\u.
kpQp¡ nrÓe L¡$ dydyny Æh_-k„N°pd\u, eyÙ\u L$v$u `uR>¡ lW$ L$fsp¡ _\u. cNhp_
îuL©$óZ ASy>®__¡ âp¡Ðkpl_ Ap`hp L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ sy„ `f„s` R>¡, A\p®s S>¡ `pfL$p _¡ s`ph¡
R>¡. k„lpf L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ S> `f„s`. `fpep A_¡ `pfL$p S> iÓy R>¡. s¡ iÓy R>¡ L$ep„ ? blpf
_rl `Z A„v$f R>¡, dp¡l L$pd, ApkqL$s, hpk_p S>¡hp iÓy_p¡ k„lpf L$f_pf sy„ sp¡ i|fhuf
`f„s` R>¡. sy„ d__u nyÜ h©rsAp¡ R>p¡X$u v¡$ L$p¡B spfp õ_¡lu R>¡ kNp R>¡, `fpep A_¡
Ap`Zp_u c¡v$byqÙ_p¡ _pi L$f. ùv$e_u vy$b®msp M„M¡fu_¡, O¡gR>p R>p¡X$u_¡, eyÙ _lu
L$fhp_p rhQpf_¡ ÐépNu_¡ eyÙ dpV¡$ l¡ `f„s` ! i÷ DW$ph.
A_pepk¡ ÅZ¡ AL$m OV$_p OV$u, Apòe® âNV$ey„. `p¡sp_u Ås¡, k¡_p`rsdp„\u
ASy>®_ rióe bÞep¡, s¡ îuL©$óZ_p„ QfZp¡dp„ Y$mu `X$ép¡, ^d®dp„ d|Y$byqÙ Ry>„. ifZpNrs
dpV¡$ âp\®_p L$fu, D`v¡$i dpV¡$ ApÆÆ L$fu. l¡ dp^h ! lh¡ sp¡ d¢ dpfu byqÙ Ap`_¡
kp¢`u R>¡. s¡\u dpfp Æh__p„ sdpd r_Z®ep¡ gp¡ L¡$ eyÙ L$fy„ L¡$ ÐepNy„ ? L©$`p L$fu ""S>¡
L„$B dpfp dpV¡$ î¡e lp¡e L$ëepZL$pfL$ lp¡e s¡ S> d_¡ S>Zphp¡'' lh¡ îu L©$óZ_p„ QfZdp„
10
S> s¡_¡ `p¡sp_y„ î¡e v¡$Mpey„ R>¡. cNhp_¡ L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ spfp hQ_ A_¡ hpZu sp¡ `„qX$sp¡_p„
hpv$ S>¡hp„ R>¡. `Z spfy„ ApQfZ sp¡ s¡\u rhê$Ù R>¡. spfu hpZu A_¡ ApQpf hÃQ¡ dp¡V$p¡
saphs R>¡. sy„ sp¡ S>¡_p¡ ip¡L$ L$fhp¡ ep¡Áe _\u s¡ "Aip¡Ãep_'_p¡ ip¡L$ L$f¡ R>¡.
ifuf_p¡ _pi R>sp„ L$d®_p„ am cp¡Nhhp dpV¡$ ÆhpÐdp `y_: S>Þd g¡hp, _hu ep¡_u
L¡$ ifuf g¡hp„ ApNm âhpk L$f¡ R>¡. sy„ kp¥_¡ ApÐdê$` kdS>¡ sp¡ spfp¡ ip¡L$, vy$:M, Ágpr_,
r_f\®L$ R>¡. L$pfZ iÓy `n¡ S>¡ L$p¡B R>¡, s¡ kp¥ ApÐdp R>¡ sp¡ s¡d_p¡ _\u S>Þd, _\u dp¡s,
ApÐdp sp¡ Arh_piu A_¡ r_Ðe R>¡.
Nusp_p„ Agp¥qL$L$ k„v¡$i `f d__ L$fuA¡ L¡$ Ap`Zpdp„\u L$v$u L$p¡B S>Þd¡gy„ S> _\u,
S>¡ ifufp¡ S>Þd¡gp„ R>¡. s¡dp„\u L$p¡B L$v$u _lp¡sp A_¡ _\u. ApÐdõhê$`¡ A_pqv$L$pm\u
Ap`Ï„ ArõsÐh R>¡. lsy„ A_¡ fl¡i¡. sp¡ `R>u Acph L¡$hp¡ ? Ap`Z¡ kp¥ sp¡ AS>Þdp„
R>uA¡. _lu S>Þd_pf r_fpL$pf R>uA¡, S>Þd _\u Ap`Z_¡ sp¡ dp¡s L¡$hy„ ? dp¡s _\u sp¡
ce L¡$hp¡ ? ce _\u sp¡ crhóe_u tQsp L$ep„ ? Af¡ L$p¡B L$pm¡ Ap`Z¡ _lu fluA¡
A¡hy„ _\u. `R>u kp\, k„Np\, kp\u R|>V$hp_p¡ X$f L$ep„ ? rdÓsp„ s|V$hp_p¡ ce L$ep„ ?
õ_¡lu-kNp Nyd_pd \hp\u Ágpr_ L¡$hu ? lz„ kv$pL$pm fl¡_pf `R>u k„`rs_p¡ k„N kdpá
\i¡ s¡ c°dZp„ L$ep„ ? Ap`Z¡ kp¥ kpðs hs®dp_ R>uA¡, L$pm_p„ kpnu R>uA¡, kpnps¹
ApÐdõhê$` R>uA¡, ip¡L$\u kh®v$p dyL$s R>uA¡. Aip¡L$-õhê$` R>uA¡.
AÓ¡ õ`ô$ S> L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ ÆhpÐdp ifuf R>p¡X$u_¡ S>_pfp¡ R>¡. A_¡ sÐhp\£ Æh A¡
S> ApÐdp R>¡. S>¡ ifuf \u rcÞ_ A_¡ Þepfp¡ R>¡. ifuf Al] fl¡ R>¡. A_¡ ÆhpÐdp âepZ
L$f¡ R>¡. op_u_¡ kyjyrádp„ A_¡ kdpr^dp„ ANf op_L$pm¡ L$sp®cph _ S>Zpsp L¡$hm
op_õhê$` ApÐdp S> S>Zpe R>¡. S>ep„ ÆhpÐdp A_¡ ApÐdp_y„ A¥L$e s¡ _¡ klS>
A_ychpe R>¡. ipÓpõ`i®: B[ÞÖe A_¡ rhjep¡_p„ k„ep¡N.
Ap`Z_¡ `p„Q op_¡[ÞÖep¡ R>¡. L$Z¡[ÞÖe S>¡_p¡ rhje R>¡ iåv$, s¡d õ`i£[ÞÖe_p¡
õ`i®, QnyB[ÞÖe_p¡ ê$`, fk_¡[ÞÖe_p¡ fk=õhpv$ A_¡ ^°pZ¡[ÞÖe_p¡ =N„^. B[ÞÖep¡ S>epf¡
`p¡sp_p rhje_¡ AptgN_ L$f¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡_u kp\¡ "d_' `Z Å¡X$pe¡gy„ S> lp¡e R>¡. Ap
d_ B[ÞÖep¡_p rhjeõ`i® dp„\u kyM A_¡ vy$:M A_ych¡ R>¡. S>epf¡ byqÙ Üpfp B[ÞÖep¡
S>¡ rhje_¡ õ`i£ R>¡ s¡ rhje_y„ op_ \pe R>¡. byqÙ_u h©rs, B[ÞÖe rhje_y„ op_ Ål¡f
L$f¡, B[ÞÖep¡ rhjep¡_¡ õ`i® L$f¡ A_¡ d_ kyM A_¡ vy$:M_p¡ A_ych L$f¡ R>¡. Ap„M A_¡
L$p_ sp¡ B[ÞÖe Np¡gL$ R>¡, Ap„M "Öíe' Å¡hp_y„ kp^_ R>¡, s¡d L$p_ iåv$ îhZ_y„ kp^_
R>¡. S>epf¡ Ap„Mdp„ S>¡ ×rô$ R>¡ s¡_¡ B[ÞÖe L$l¡ R>¡. L$p_dp„ S>¡ îhZiqL$s R>¡ s¡ S> BqÞÖe
R>¡. bpL$u Ap„M A_¡ L$p_ sp¡ dX$v$p_¡ `Z lp¡e R>¡ R>sp„ s¡ Å¡sy„ L¡$ kp„cmsy„ _\u s¡\u
11
BqÞÖe_p¡ k|ÿd R>¡.
Ap„M A_¡ L$p_ sp¡ õ\|m kp^_ R>¡ S>¡ õ\|m ifuf kp\¡ R>¡ A_¡ `p„Q B[ÞÖep¡ k|ÿd
ifuf kp\¡ R>¡. õ\|m ifuf_p¡ Ar‚k„õL$pf \pe R>¡ õdip_dp„, S>epf¡ k|ÿd ifuf `p„Q
B[ÞÖep¡ A_¡ d_, byqÙ kp\¡ S>Þd dpV¡$ âõ\p_ L$f¡ R>¡ _hu dpsp_p Nc®dp„.
B[ÞÖep¡_p¡ s¡_p„ rhjeõ`i®\u S>¡ kyM-vy$:M_p¡ A_ych \pe R>¡ s¡ d__p¡ õhcph R>¡.
ApÐdp sp¡ kyM-vy$:M\u `f R>¡. BrÞÖep¡_p rhjecp¡N\u Ak„N R>¡. kyM-vy$:M Ar_Ðe R>¡,
Aph_pf S>_pfp R>¡. s¡d rhjep¡_p¡ cp¡N `Z Ar_Ðe R>¡, S>epf¡ ApÐdp sp¡ r_Ðe R>¡. dpV¡$
l¡ ASy>®_ ! sy„ ApÐdp sfuL¡$ r_Ðe R>¡. Aphhp S>hphpmp¡ _\u, S>epf¡ B[ÞÖep¡ A_¡ d_
S>¡ k|ÿd ifuf L$l¡hpe R>¡ s¡ b^y„ sp¡ Ar_Ðe R>¡. Apd R>sp„ Å¡ sy„ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ s_¡
vy$:M A_ychpe R>¡. eyÙdp„ âh¡i L$fhp\u kyM S>Zpe R>¡ eyÙ ÐépN\u sp¡ sy„ Ar_Ðe
kyM A_¡ vy$:M Å¡_pf Aop_u R>¡. s¡\u dpf¡ dpV¡$ rsrsnp L$fhu s¡ S> k„v¡$i A_¡ Apv¡$i
R>¡.
""sp_¹ rsrsnõh cpfs'' l¡ cpfs (cp = b°ûrhÛp + fs = fdZ õhê$` cpfs)
! S>¡ L$p¡B âpfb^sp âpá \_pfp kyM-vy$:M_p¡ ârsq¾$ep, tQsp A_¡ rhgp` rh_p
klS>sp\u kl_ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡_pdp„ S> kpQu kp^ysp R>¡.
Aphu kp^ysp s¡ S> kpQu rsrsnp R>¡. îuL©$óZ_p¡ cpNhv¹$Nusp_p¡ ârsq¾$ep rh_p
A\p®s¹ v$y:M_¡, ârsL|$m k„Å¡Np¡_¡, v$v®$_¡ v|$f L$fhp_p D`pe_u ip¡^ L¡$ tQsp L$ep® rh_p,
fp¢v$Zp fp¡ep rh_p S>¡ vy$:M kl_ L$f¡ R>¡ A¡V$gy„ S> _rl, `Z s¡_¡ õhuL$pf¡ L¡$ rsfõL$pf¡ ¾$p¡^
rh_p s¡ S> kpQu rsrsnphpmp¡ R>¡, s¡ S> dydyn_p¡ kpQp¡ ^d® R>¡, s¡ S> ApÐdop__¡ `„\¡
DÑd L$d® R>¡. _pksp¡ rhÛs¡ cphp¡ = Aks¹ L¡$ rdÕep hõsy_y„ cph L¡$ A[õsÐh S>Zpsy„
_\u s¡d S> _pcphp¡ rhÛs¡ ks: ks¹ hõs_y„ L¡$ ApÐdp_p¡ Acph S>Zpsy„ _\u. Aphp
r_Z®e_¡ kdS>hp â\d ks¹ A¡V$g¡ iy„ s¡ kdÆA¡.
ApÐdp-ks¹
(1) ks¹ L¡$ ApÐdp v¡$i\u dyL$s R>¡. â\d v¡$i, S>Áep, õ\m L¡$ õ`¡idp„ ApÐdp_p¡
Acph _\u L$pfZ ks¹ õhê$`¡ ApÐdp sp¡ r_fpL$pf R>¡, r_fpL$pf R>¡ A_¡ s¡\u S> s¡ kp¥\u
kyÿd R>¡. k|ÿdp \u k|ÿd R>¡, AÐe„s k|ÿd lp¡hp\u s¡ A¡L$ õ\m¡ _\u `Z kh®Ó R>¡.
kh®ìep`u R>¡. s¡d ApÐdp `Z Akud R>¡. S>¡_¡ ApL$pf lp¡e s¡ _¡ S> kflv$ L¡$ kudp lp¡e
îyrs S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ s¡ ApÐdsÐh\u S> ApL$pi_u DÐ`rÑ \B R>¡. s¡ ApÐdp\u S> ApL$pi,
hpey, s¡S>, `pZu Apqv$ DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡.
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S>¡ kp¥\u ìep`L$ lp¡e, s¡_¡ õ\m_u v¡$i_u kudp lp¡e iL¡$ _rl, s¡\u S> ApÐdp
L¡$ ks¹ hõsy_p¡ A„s v¡$idp„ Aphsp¡ _\u. ApÐdp_p¡ kh® v¡$idp„ kh® õ\m¡ cph R>¡. L$pfZ
L¡$ kh® ìep`s R>¡.
(2) ks¹ L¡$ ApÐdp L$pm\u dyL$s R>¡. ApÐdp S>Þd sp¡ L¡$ dfsp¡ _\u. Apd ApÐdp_¡
S>Þd S> _\u s¡\u S>Þd`|h£ ApÐdp_p¡ Acph lsp¡ L¡$ S>Þd`|h£ ApÐdp L¡$ ks¹ _lp¡sy„ s¡hy„
k„chhy„ _\u. s¡hu S> fus¡ ApÐdp_p¡ S>ep„ S>Þd S> _\u sp¡ dp¡s L¡$hy„ ? r_fpL$pf _p
dp¡s_p¡ âñ S> _\u. Apd lp¡hp\u ApÐdp_y„ d©Ðey `R>u A[õsÐh lp¡sy„ _\u s¡ kprbs
\sy„ _\u S>¡_¡ S>Þd S> _\u s¡_¡ âpNcph L¡$ âÝhkpcph S>¡hy„ _\u. s¡\u ApÐdp_¡
L$pm_y„b„^_ _\u ApÐdp kdedp„ DÐ`Þ_ \sp¡ _\u L¡$ kdedp„ ge `pdsp¡ _\u s¡\u
S> õ`ô$ R>¡ L¡$ s¡_p¡ L$p¡B L$pm¡ Acph \B iL¡$ _rl. s¡ sp¡ `l¡gp„ lsp¡ AÐepf¡ R>¡ A_¡
fl¡i¡. L$pmdp„ S>¡_p¡ A„s _ Aph¡ v$¡idp„ S>¡_p¡ A„s _ Aph¡ ApL$pf\u S>¡_p¡ A„s _\u s¡
ApÐdp hpõshdp„ A_„s R>¡. ApÐdp„ ÓZ¡ L$pm¡ R>¡ s¡\u S> s¡_¡ ks¹ L$l¡hpe R>¡. ks¹ s¡
S> ApÐdp A_¡ ApÐdp s¡ S> ks¹ A¡ îyrs S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""b°û L¡$ ApÐdp kÐe, op_
A_¡ A_Þs õhê$` R>¡.'' l¡ ASy>®_ ! kh® ifufp¡ kpL$pf R>¡. S>Þd¡g R>¡, s¡\u _pihp_
sp¡ `p¡sp_p„ õhcph\u S> R>¡. S>epf¡ A_¡L$ ifufp¡dp„ fl¡ gp¡ sp¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡ A_¡ Arh_piu
R>¡.
Aâd¡eõe - ApÐdp Aâd¡e R>¡. A\p®s s¡ L$p¡B `Z âdpZp¡\u ÅZsp¡ _\u d_
A_¡ byqÙ\u `Z ApÐdp ÅZu iL$pe s¡d _\u L$pfZ L¡$ s¡ AtQÐe R>¡. s¡ S> L$pfZ¡
s¡ A_ydp_\u L¡$ sL®$ \u `Z ÅZu iL$pe s¡d _\u dpV¡$ Aâd¡e R>¡ s¡d S>Zpìey„ R>¡.
Aâd¡e A¡V$g¡ L¡$ B[ÞÖe, d_ A_¡ byqÙ_p¡ rhje _\u A\p®s s¡_¡ ÅZhp AÞe
âdpZ_u S>ê$f _\u. hpõshdp„ ApÐdp„ `p¡s¡ S> kh® âÐen L¡$ `fp¡n âdpZ¡ = B[ÞÖe,
d_ byqÙ_p¡ opsp R>¡ = âL$piL$ R>¡. A\p®s d_, byqÙ A_¡ B[ÞÖep¡_p¡ Å¡ ÅZ_pfp¡
ApÐdp S> R>¡ S>¡ ApÐdp„ õhed op_õhê$` R>¡ s¡_p„ op_ dpV¡$ s¡\u rcÞ_ L¡$ AÞe âdpZ
L¡$hy„ ?
S>¡ L„$B kpL$pf R>¡ s¡_p¡ S>Þd R>¡. S>¡_¡ S>Þd R>¡ s¡ kh®dp„ R> rhL$pfp¡ R>¡.
(1) DÐ`Þ_ \hy„ (2) lp¡h y„ (3) h^hy„ (4) rh`qfZpd `pdhy„ (5) ne
`pdhy„ (6) _pi `pdhy„, `Z ApÐdp sp¡ ArhL$pfu A_¡ S>Þdep¡ S> _\u s¡\u s¡_pdp„
L$p¡B rhL$pfp¡ S>Zpsp„ S> _\u. s¡ kdÅhhp L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ s¡ AS>Þdp R>¡. Ap ApÐdp sp¡
A_pqv$ A_¡ A_„s R>¡. ArhL$pfu R>¡. Apòe® `íers-ApÐdp_¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ Apòe®hs¹ R>¡.
s¡_p¡ A\® A¡ R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdp kyÿdbyqÙ_p¡ rhje R>¡. ifuf_p„ _pd A_¡ ApL$pf bpv$ L$fu_¡
ÅZhp_u hõsy R>¡. hmu ApÐdp„ B[ÞÖeNçe _\u L$p¡B B[ÞÖe_u `LX$hpdp„ Aph¡ s¡hp¡
13
_\u.
âÐen _\u s¡d d_ byqÙ Üpfp S>Zpe s¡hp¡ _\u. s¡\u S> s¡ `fp¡n L¡$ A_ydp_Nçe
`Z _\u S>ep„\u d_frls hpZu `Z s¡_¡ âpá L$ep® hNf `pR>u af¡ R>¡. L$W$p¡`r_jv$
S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""k|ÿdv$ri®rd'' A\p®s ApÐdp sp¡ k|ÿdv$i} Üpfp S> k|ÿdbyqÙ\u S> ÅZu
iL$pe s¡hp¡ R>¡. Ap `f\u õ`ô$ \pe R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdv$i®_ kfm A_¡ kygc _\u R>sp„ Å¡
L$p¡B s¡ _¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ sp¡ s¡hp¡ Apòe®hs¹ S> R>¡.
ApÐdp„ _¡ Å¡hp L¡$ ÅZhp â\d d_yóe ep¡_u Å¡BA¡. S>¡ vy$g®c R>¡. s¡ dm¡ sp¡
dp¡n_u BÃR>p \hu Å¡BA¡ A_¡ Ðepfbpv$ ApÐdsÐh_y„ v$i®_ L$fph_pf L©$`pÖqô$ hpmp
k„s_p¡ ApQpe®_p¡ `fuQe \hp¡ Å¡BA¡. s¡ kh® dm¡ sp¡ A„s:L$fZ_u iyqÙ Å¡BA¡ A_¡
s¡_¡ dpV¡$ sdpd hpk_pAp¡ bpmu dpÓ dp¡n¡ÃR>p L¡$ ApÐdop__u S> BÃR>p bQphu iL¡$
R>¡ s¡hp ApÐdp_¡ Åmhhp_u BÃR>phpmp, Mf¡Mf Apòe®hS> R>¡. A_¡ s¡dp„ kamsp d¡mhu
S>¡ L$p¡B ÅZu iL¡$ R>¡ A_¡ ApÐdp_ue \B iL¡$ R>¡ sp¡ õhe„ Apò®ede R>¡ S>, s¡dp„ L$p¡B
i„L$p S> _\u dpV¡$ s¡d_¡ Apòe®hÐeíerQ A¡hy„ L$üy„ R>¡.
ApÐdp õhe„ A¡L$ AÅebu R>¡. Ly$s|lzg R>¡. Apòep£_y„ `Z Apòe® R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ S>¡_¡
ifuf _\u R>sp„ kh®ìepàs R>¡. kpL$pf _\u R>sp„ kh®_y„ Ar^›$p_ R>¡, Ap„M _\u R>sp„
kh®_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ kp¥_¡ ÅZphu_¡ `Z õhe„ sp¡ âÐen S>Zpsp¡ S> _\u.
S>Zpsp¡ _\u R>sp„ k|ÿd R>¡ A_¡ v¡$Mpsp¡ _\u, R>sp„ kp¥\u dlp_ R>¡. Apd Å¡ ApÐdp
õhe„ Apòe®hs¹ lp¡e sp¡ s¡_p¡ hL$sp, s¡_p¡ opsp, Apòe®de lp¡e s¡dp„ i„L$p S> _\u.
Apd Å¡sp„ ApÐdp kp¥\u _ÆL$ A_¡ Arsv|$f R>¡ A¡ S> Agp¥L$uL$ Apòe® R>¡.
îu L©$óZ ASy>®_ `pk¡ eyÙL$d® r_óL$pdcph¡ L$fphu, s¡_p rQÑ_u iyqÙ A\£ S> s¡_¡
eyÙ dpV¡$ â¡f¡ R>¡. S>¡\u ASy®_ op_ A_¡ s¡_y„ am dp¡n, âpá L$fu iL¡$. rióe kdS>¡ L¡$
_rl `Z Nyfy_u sdpd Q¡ô$p A_¡ kyQ_p„ rióe_¡ dp¡np\£ âepZ L$fhp ê$`¡ S> lp¡e R>¡.
s¡\u ASy>®__¡ k„v¡$i R>¡ L¡$ eyÙê$`u õh^d®_p„ `pg_dp„, kyMvy$:M_u, gpc s\p lp_u A_¡
S>e `fpS>e_u A`¡np ÐepNu_¡ S> ApNm h^hy„, S>¡\u kyM dpV¡$ fpN A_¡ vy$:M dpV¡$ Ü¡j
_rl \pe. L$d®dp„ am_u A`¡np S> vy$:M `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. S>¡ L$p¡B am_u L$pd_p„ A`¡np,
L$sp®cph, cp¡L$spcph, R>p¡X$u L$p„ sp¡ r_rdÑdpÓ¡ kpnucph¡ L$d® L$f¡ R>¡. s¡_¡ L$d®\u L$v$u
`p` gpN¡ _l]. ""eyÙpe eyçeõh'' eyÙ_¡ dpV¡$ s¥epf \p, s¡hp¡ îuL©$óZ_p¡ D`v¡$i dpÓ
ASy>®_ dpV¡$ _\u. kdN° dp_hÅs_¡ dydynyhN®_¡, kp^L$ k„O_¡ A¡gp_ R>¡ L¡$ eyÙ_u s¥epfu

14
L$fp¡. dp_hv¡$l dþep¡ lp¡hp R>sp vy$íd_p¡ vy$f _\u, Ap`Zu `pk¡ Ap`Zu A„v$f S> lp¡hp
R>sp„, Å¡ Apkyfu âL©$rs_p¡, L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c, A_¡ dp¡l S>¡hp fp¡S>bfp¡S> Ap`Zp
A[õsÐh_¡ `X$L$pfsp iÓyAp¡ kpd¡ eyÙ¡ QY$hp_u s¥epfu _rl L$fuA¡ sp¡ dp_hv¡$l A¡m¡
S>i¡.
Ap`Zu dpsp_¡ Ap`Z¡ âkyrs_u `uX$p `lp¢QpX$u Å¡ S>Þd gu^p¡ S> R>¡. sp¡ s¡_u
`uX$p ìe\® _ Åe, Ap`Ï„ Æh_ r_f\®L$ _ b_¡. dpV¡$ dpsp_y„ ep¡h_ lZu_¡ S>Þçep
bpv$ Ap„sf iÓyAp¡_¡ l__ L$fhp s¥epf _rl \BA¡, sp¡ dp¡ndpN£ Ap`Zu ApN¡L|$Q \„cu
S>i¡, dp¡s `f kv$p_¡ dpV¡$_p¡ dfrZep¡ S>„N AV$L$u S>i¡. Ad©sÐh lp\dp„ Aph¡gy„ Qpëey„
S>i¡. afu afu dp_hv¡$l _rl dm¡ A_¡ k„sp¡ Ap`Zu t_v$p L$fi¡ L¡$ Æh_k„N°pd\u
Ap„sfiÓyAp¡_¡ lÎep rh_p õdip_dp„ k„spB Nep.
Æh Adf \hp Aph¡gp¡ `Z Apkyfu âL©$rs\u cecus \B d©Ðey_p„ klpf¡ QY$u
v¡$l_u L$pfphpkdp„ L¡$v$ \hp„, Nc®_u N|NmpdZdp„ Np¢^pB Nep¡, r^½$pf R>¡ s¡ dp_hv¡$l_¡
! L$ep„ S>hp r_L$m¡gp¡, L$ep„ AV$hpep¡, L$ep„ akpB Nep¡ s¡hu t_v$p\u bQhp eyÙ¡ QY$p¡
rhh¡L$ A_¡ h¥fpÁe_p i÷p¡ DW$php¡, hpk_pAp¡ c‚ \i¡ A_¡ Ap`Z_¡ Ap`Ï„ Ac„N,
Ac¡v$, Ace, ApÐdõhê$` dmi¡. Apd, S>¡hp¡ S>¡_p¡ Ar^L$pf s¡hu s¡_u N°plL$ iqL$s.
op__p„ Ar^L$pfuA¡ s¡ A`_phhy„ R>sp„ s¡ S> dpN£ S>hp S>¡ `p¡sp_¡ d„v$ Ar^L$pfu dp_¡,
s¡Z¡ L$d®\u rQÑiyqÙ L$fu, A„s¡ sp¡ s¡ S> dpN£ S>hp_y„ R>¡. L$pfZ op_ rh_p dyqL$s iL$e
S> _\u.
kd¹L$¿e kp„¿e-kçeL¹$ âdpZ¡ ApÐdsÐh_¡ kdÅh¡ s¡ k„¿ep_¡ D`r_jv$ L$l¡hpe R>¡
""¿e'' A\p®s D`r_jv$dp„ ApÐdsÐh ip¡^hp M¡X$pZ L$fhy„ s¡, s¡hp„ âeÐ_\u S>¡ ApÐdp
L¡$ `fb°û_y„ ârs`pv$_ \pe R>¡ s¡ S> `fb°û kp„¿e L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡\u Ap qÜsue AÝepe_y„
_pd kp„¿eep¡N R>¡.
l¢ ! `p\® d¡ s_¡ S>¡ L„$B ApÐdop__u hpsp¡ L$fu s¡ S> kp„¿eep¡N lsp¡, `f„sy lh¡
s_¡ lz„ r_óL$pd L$d®ep¡N S>Zphy„ Ry>„, S>¡_p Üpfp sy„ L$dp£_p„ b„^_dp„\u dyL$s \B iL$ui,
L$d®\u _pku S>hpdp„ dyqL$s _\u. `Z eyqL$s`|h®L$ L$fsp fl¡hpdp„ rQÑiyqÙ R>¡ s¡\u op_
\pe R>¡ A_¡ op_\u dyqL$s \pe R>¡. Apd kdS>hy„ L¡$ L$d® L$qv$ rdÕep _\u. s¡_p am
rdÕep=Ar_Ðe lp¡B iL¡$ kL$pd L$d® Ar_Ðe am Ap`¡, r_óL$pd rQÑ iyqÙ_y„ am Ap`¡,
am _ Ap`¡ s¡hy„ _\u, L$d®_p am_u A`¡np _ fpMu, r_óL$pd cph¡ L$fpsp„ L$d® blz
D`ep¡Nu R>¡. s¡V$gy„ S> _rl `Z r_ròs am Ap`¡ Ap`_pfp„ R>¡. r_óL$pd L$d®_y„ r_ròs
r_ip_ A¡V$g¡ S> A„s:L$fZ iyrÙ, A_¡ s¡_y„ ApQfZ L$fhpdp„ v$p¡j L¡$ qhÂ_ _\u s¡\u
15
S> kfm, kygc R>¡. rQÑiyqÙ `R>u op_ \hp\u S> kdÅe R>¡ L¡$ ""_ lz„ ifuf Ry>„ L¡$
ifuf dpfy„ R>¡.'' S>epf¡ ifuf lz„ _\u sp¡ dp¡s_p¡ ce L$ep„ ! Apd r_óL$pd L$d® ce\u
dyL$s L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ Acesp âv$p_ L$f¡ R>¡, Acesp S> Nusp_p¡ A„rsd k„v¡$i R>¡.
l¡ Ly$ê$_„v$_ ! S>¡_u byqÙdp„ A„rsd r_Z®e R>¡ L¡$ `fdpÐdp S> s¡_u ApMfu d„rTg
R>¡. dpÓ dp¡n S> S>¡_u byqÙ_p¡ AX$N r_òe R>¡ L¡$ op_ rh_pdyqL$s _\u. lh¡
ApÐd`fpeZ \hp dpV¡$ riMpdZ A`pe R>¡, S>¡ L$p¡B k„kpf_¡ `v$p\p£_u hpk_p, L$pd_p„
R>p¡X$u r_óL$pd L$d® L$f¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ õhN®_u L¡$ cp¡Áe `v$p\p£_u âprá _lu. `Z rQÑiyqÙ_y„
am dm¡ R>¡, s¡\u op_ Üpfp A„s¡ dp¡n âpá \pe R>¡.
îuL©$óZ¡ b°ûop_u_u õsyrs L$fsp„ õ`ô$ S> S>Zpìéy„ R>¡ L¡$ b°ldp_„v$_p¡ S>¡ õhe„
kpNf R>¡, s¡_¡ lh¡ L$d®L$p„X$_p„ kL$pdL$d® S>¡hp syÃR> Mpbp¡Quepdp„ _\u L$p¡B, âep¡S>_
L$pfZ L¡$ kh£ b°ldp_„v$dp„ kh£ L$d®L$p„X$ L¡$ L$pçe L$dp£\u, kL$pdL$dp£\u âpá Ap_„v$
kdpe¡gp¡ S> R>¡. s¡\u l¡ dydynyAp¡, Ak„Ni÷ kp\¡ ApÐdõhê$`dp„ DW$p¡, [õ\f \ph A_¡
kss r_f„sf b°ldp_„v$dp„ ÅNsp flp¡,
îp¡sp rhQpfL$p¡ L¡$ hp„QL$p¡ê$`u ASy>®_p¡ ! L$d®_p dd®_y„ dygpedsp\u d__ L$fp¡, L$d®_p
am_p fpN rh_p S>s_ L$fp¡ A_¡ L$d®_u Nl_ Nrs_y„ lh¡ kfmsp\u îhZ L$fp¡,
L$d®Îe¡:hpr^L$pfõs¡ = L$d®rZ A¡h Ar^L$pf s¡ = ""L$d® L$fhpdp„ S> spfp¡ Ar^L$pf
R>¡.'' â\d `Nr\ep sfuL¡$ s¡_p¡ Ar^L$pf L$d®dp„ R>¡. rQÑiyqÙ \pe s¡ `l¡gp„ ASy>®_ S>¡hp
kp^L$p¡_p¡ Ar^L$pf L$d®ÐepNdp„ sp¡ _\u S> s¡hp¡ Ar^L$pf sp¡ dpÓ b°ûrhv$ _¡
""ApÐdphp_¡ S> R>¡.''
Å¡ L$d®dp„ S> Ar^L$pf R>¡ sp¡ rQÑiyqÙ A\£ L¡$hu Ly$imsp\u, L¡$hp op_\u, L¡$hp
cph\u L$d® L$fhy„ ? s¡hp âñ_p„ DÑf ê$`¡ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""dp ag¡jy L$v$pQ_'' - l¡ ASy>®_
! L$d®amdp„ spfp¡ Ar^L$pf _\u. L$pfZ¡ L¡$
(1) L$d® L$fhpdp„ sy„ cg¡ õhs„Ó dp_¡ `Z amâprádp„ sy„ `fs„Ó R>¡. am L$p¡_¡ L¡$V$gy„,
L$epf¡ Ap`hy„ s¡ Þepe spf¡ L$fhp_p¡ _\u, s¡ sp¡ S>¡ L$d®amv$psp R>¡. L$dp®Ýe®n R>¡.
S>Nsr_e„sp Bðf R>¡, s¡Z¡ S> Ap`hp_p¡ R>¡.
(2) L$d®dp„ am_u A`¡np fpMhpdp„ spfp¡ Ar^L$pf _\u, am_u ApkqL$sdp„ spfp¡
Ar^L$pf _\u.

16
(3) Å¡ L$p¡B L$d® L$ep®„ `R>u s¡_p am dpV¡$ AdyL$ r_ròs A`¡np fpM¡ R>¡. Apd
L$d® am_u As©á A`¡np L¡$ hpk_p S> hpf„hpf s¡_u s©rá dpV¡$ S>Þd-d©Ðey_p Q¾$dp„
ìeqL$s_¡ _p„M¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ L$d®ÐepN_p¡ âeÐ_ _ L$f. `Z op_dp„ `qf`L$h \ep `R>u L$dp£
spfp¡ S> ÐepN L$fi¡ A_¡ L$d®k„Þepk_p¡ s_¡ õhpcprhL$ lL$L$ dmi¡. Ap ïgp¡L$_p„ k„v$c®dp„
dpÓ am_u A`¡np, am_u ApkqL$s L¡$ hpk_p_p¡ S> ÐepN L$fhp_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡. L$d®am_u
A`¡np S> b„^_ S>Þdph¡ R>¡. `y_: S>Þd_¡ r_d„Ó¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡_p¡ ÐépN L$fu L$d® L$fhy„ s¡
S> r_óL$pdL$d® R>¡ s¡d kdS>hy„.
kdÐhcphdp„ [õ\f fl¡hy„ A¡ S> b°ûcphdp„ [õ\f fl¡h„y. ApÐdp_¡ _\u lj® L¡$ ip¡L$,
_\u L$d® q¾$ep L¡$ L$sp®cph sp¡ s¡_¡ am L¡$hy„ ? Å¡ am _\u sp¡ rkqÙ L¡$ ArkqÙ L¡$hu
? ApÐdp„ sp¡ kp¥\u Ak„N R>¡ r_g£` R>¡ dpV¡$ S> s¡_pdp„ rhjdsp _\u, kdsp R>¡ kdÐh
R>¡, b°ûcphdp„ kdÐhcph¡ L$d® L$fhp, Aphp L$dp£_¡ S> kdÐhep¡N L$üp¡ R>¡. ApÐdpsÐh_p„
op_ Üpfp S> `yÎe-`p`, kyM-vy$:M V$pmu iL$pe R>¡ A_¡ S>Þd d©Ðey Ap¡m„Nu iL$pe R>¡
`Z Aphy op_ kdbyqÙ ep¡N L¡$ r_óL$pd L$d®\u âpá rQÑiyqÙ\u dm¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡hp
ep¡N_¡ L$dp£dp„ Ly$imsp_p¡ ep¡N L$lep¡ R>¡. rQÑiyqÙ\u DÐ`Þ_ op_ S> h¥fpÁe `¡v$p L$f¡
R>¡. s¡_¡ S> ip÷ Üpfp dm¡gy„ `fp¡n ApÐdop_ L$l¡ R>¡. `fb°û_p„ tQs_ Üpfp s¡dp„ sÖz`
\pe R>¡. Ðepf¡ S> s¡ Æhcph R>p¡X$u b°ûuc|s \pe R>¡ A_¡ s¡_¡ S> [õ\f r_òm byqÙ
L¡$ [õ\sâop L$l¡hpe R>¡.
ApÐdsÐh_p„ îhZ bpv$ S>¡_¡ ip÷ Üpfp S>Þd¡gy„ `fp¡n ApÐdop_ D`gå^ \pe
R>¡ s¡hp S>epf¡ A`fp¡n op_ dpV¡$, ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf dpV¡$ tQs_, d__ r_qv$Ýepk_ Üpfp
âeÐ_ L$f¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡_u byqÙ [õ\f lp¡e R>¡ s¡hy„ L$l¡hpey„ R>¡ dpV¡$ S> ASy>®_ A¡L$ kp\¡
Qpf âñp¡ `|R>u [õ\sâo rhi¡ ÅZhp rS>opkp fS|> L$f¡ R>¡,
ASy>®_ DhpQ
—&& [õ\sâoõe L$p cpjp kdpr^õ\õe L¡$ ih —&—&
—&& [õ\s^u: qL„$ âcpj¡s qL$dpkus h°S>¡s qL$d¹ —&&
1. gnZp¡, 2. bp¡g¡ R>¡, 3. Qpg¡ R>¡, 4. L¡$hu fus¡ b¡k¡ R>¡ ?
`°ñ 1 : [õ\sâoõe L$p cpjp - S>¡ L$p¡B ìeqL$s_u byqÙ b°ûv$i®__¡ gu^¡ r_òm
[õ\f \B NB R>¡ L$pfZ L¡$ `p¡sp_¡ s\p S>¡ L„$B v¡$iL$pmdp„ A[õsÐhdp„ R>¡ s¡ kh®_¡ b°û
S> kdS>¡ R>¡. s¡ S> L$pfZ¡ s¡_u byqÙ [õ\f \B NB R>¡, Ap [õ\f byqÙhpmp_¡ S> rõ\sâo

17
L$l¡hpe R>¡. ASy>®_¡ s¡hp rõ\sâo dpV¡$ `yR¹>ey„ R>¡ L$¡ s¡_p„ gnZp¡ L¡$hp R>¡ ?
`°ñ 2 : [õ\s^u: qL„$ âcpj¡s ? A\p®s b°ûcphdp„ b°ûuc|s \e¡g [õ\f
byqÙhpmp¡ Æh_dyL$s `p¡sp_u õsyrs-t_v$pdp„ L¡$hu fus¡ bp¡g¡ R>¡ ?
`°ñ 3 : qL$d¹ Apkus¹ ? [õ\sâo L¡$d b¡k¡ R>¡ ? - A\p®s kdpr^õ\ \hp iy„
L$f¡ R>¡? byqÙ L¡$hu fus¡ [õ\f L$f¡ R>¡. ANf B[ÞÖep¡\u Ak„N \B L¡$hu fus¡ b¡k¡ R>¡ ?
`°ñ 4 : qL$d¹ h°S>¡s¹ [õ\sâo L¡$hu fus¡ Qpg¡ R>¡ A\p®s s¡hp op_u_p¡
Æh_ìehlpf L¡$hu fus¡ Qpg¡ R>¡ ?
îu cNhp_yh pQ
—&& âS>lprs ev$p L$pdpÞkhp®Þ `p\® d_p¡N sp_¹ ——&&
—&& ApÐdÞe¡ h pÐd_p syô $:rõ\fâoõsv$p¡Ã es¡ —&&
1. ÐeÆ v¡$ 2. d_dp„ 3. ApÐdp hX¡$ 4. k„sy›$ 5. L$l¡hpe R>¡,
cNhp_¡ s¡_p„ â\d âñ_p¡ DÑf Ap`u õ`ô$ S> S>Zpìey„ L¡$ l¡ AS>y®_ ! [õ\sâo_y„
dy¿e gnZ hpk_pÐepN R>¡, S>¡_¡ r_hp®k_Ðh L$l¡hpe R>¡. buSy>„ gnZ d_p¡S>e s¡_¡ âpá
\pe R>¡. d_p¡S>edp„ rS>s¡ÞÖe`Ï„ kdprhô$ R>¡. S>epf¡ s¡ hpk_p ÐepN¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡
[õ\sâo_p ÐepNdp„ Agp¥qL$L$ gnZ S>¡hy„ `yó` Mug¡ R>¡ s¡ R>¡ ApÐdL$pd A\p®s s¡hp¡
op_u dpÓ ApÐdp_u S> BÃR>p L¡$ L$pd_phpmp¡ \pe R>¡. s¡\u s¡ `p¡sp_p S> `p¡sp Üpfp
k„syô$ \pe R>¡. Ap R>¡. îuL©$óZ_u _S>fdp„ â\d ×rô$A¡ kyõ`ô$ v¡$Mpsp„ op_âv$ gnZp¡:
d_yóe_u dy¿e ÓZ hpk_pAp¡ R>¡ : `yÓ¡ÃR>p, rhs¡ÃR>p A_¡ gp¡L¡$ÃR>p, (dp_, dp¡cp¡
dfsbp¡, ¿eprs s\p ârs›$p_u BÃR>p) S>ep„ ky^u hpk_p_p¡ h„V$p¡m id¡ _lu Ðep„ S> ky^u
byqÙ_p¡ v$u`L$ [õ\f \B iL¡$ S> _l], d_ A¡ S> hpk_pAp¡_y„ fl¡W$pZ R>¡. hpk_p ÐeÅB
Åe R>¡ Ðepf¡ d_ê$`u Of Mpgu \B Åe R>¡. îuL©$óZ¡ dpÓ A¡V$gp¡ S> k„L¡$s L$ep£ R>¡ L¡$
""r_hp®k_Ðh A_¡ `p¡sp Üpfp `p¡sp_pdp„ `fd k„sp¡j A¡ [õ\sâo_y„ ApNhy„ gÿdZf¡Mp
rh_p_y„ gnZ R>¡.''
—&& vy$ :M¡óh_y„q ÜÁ_d_p: kyM¡jy rhNsõ`©l: &—&
—&& rhsfpZ ce¾$p¡^: [õ\s^udy®r_fyÃes¡ &&

18
1. S>¡_u õ`©lp S>su flu R>¡. 2. S>¡_p fpN, ce, ¾$p¡^ _pi `pçep R>¡. 3. L$l¡hpe
R>¡.
îuL©$óo S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ [õ\sâo vy$:M_u âprádp„ DÜ¡N-dyL$s d_hpmp¡ fl¡ R>¡. vy$:M
Aph¡ R>sp„ op_u kdS>¡ R¡ L¡$ vy$:M sp¡ A_pepk¡ S> âpfå^Ns Aph¡ R>¡ S>¡ cp¡Nìep rh_p
_ô$ \sy„ S> _\u. D`fp„s vy$:M A_¡ âpfå^ b„_¡ ifuf A_¡ d_ cp¡Nh¡ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡
kyM `Z ifuf A_¡ d_ Üpfp S> cp¡Nhpe R>¡, op_u sp¡ ApÐdõhê$`¡ ifuf s\p d_
b„_¡\u Þepfp¡ R>¡. s¡d_p kyM vy$:M ê$`u cp¡N_p¡ kpnu R>¡. op_u_¡ kyMdp„ õ`©lp _\u s¡\u
s¡ fpNdyL$s R>¡. Ap ApÐdop_u [õ\sâo ce\u `Z dyL$s R>¡. s¡\u ce s¡\u ceN°õs
\B õhbQph `n¡ `Z _\u bp¡gsp¡ A_¡ fnp L¡$ ce_p„ Aps„L$\u `Z L$B bp¡gsp¡ _\u.
Apd S>¡ L$p¡B õ`©lpfrls \B. Dv¹¡$N dyL$s \B Æh_ Æh¡ R>¡. s¡ fpN, ce A_¡ ¾$p¡^\u
dyL$s \pe R>¡.
—&& e: kh®Ó p_rdõ_¡lõsÑÐâpàe iyc piycd¹ &—&
—&& _prc_Þv$rs _ Ü¡r ô$ sõe âop ârsr›$sp —&&
1. S>¡ `yfyj kOZp `v$p\p£dp„ õ_¡l frls \e¡gp¡ 2. hMpZ L$fsp _\u
rõ\sâo_¡ âfå^Ns iyc-Aiyc S>¡ L„$B âpá \pe s¡dp„ õ_¡l L¡$ ApkqL$s fl¡su _\u.
[õ\sâo S>¡hp rhfg dlpÐdp rdÕep S>Ns dpV¡$ _ bp¡ghpdp„ kpf kdS>¡ R>¡. R>sp„
op_`fpeZ L¡$ Aop__piL$ hpZu _d°sp\u hv¡$ R>¡.
—&& ev$p k„lfs¡ Qpe„ L|$dp£ A„Npr_ Bh kh®i: —&—&
—&& B[ÞÖepZu[ÞÖep\£æ eõsõe âop ârsr›$sp &&
1. L$pQbp¡ 2. byqÙ 3. M¢Qu g¡ R>¡.
""qL$d¹ Apkus'' ASy>®__p¡ âñ R>¡ L¡$ [õ\sâo kdpr^õ\ \hp iy„ L$f¡ R>¡ ? L¡$d b¡k¡
R>¡ ? L$B fus¡ B[ÞÖep¡\u Ak„N \B b¡k¡ R>¡ ? îu L©$óZ SZph¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡hu fus¡ L$pQbp¡
bpü ce\u `p¡sp_p A„Np¡ A_¡ dp\y„ ifuf_u A„v$f k„L$p¡Qu gB_¡ [õ\f \pe R>¡. s¡hu
S> fus¡ ApÐdr_›$p dpV¡$ S>¡ sÐ`f R>¡ s¡ [õ\sâo `p¡sp_u op_¡rÞÖep¡_¡ s¡d_p rhjep¡\u
`pR>u M¢Qu gB `p¡sp_p ApÐdõhê$`dp„ [õ\f \pe R>¡. A\p®s¹ B[ÞÖep¡ `f r_e„ÓZ L$fu,
s¡_¡ brldy®Mu \su AV$L$phu, d_p¡ r_N°l L$fu ip„s \B ApÐdtQs_p\£ b¡k¡ R>¡. A\p®s¹
Ap„M_¡ ê$`_y„ rdÕepÐh kdÅhu d__¡ d_ph¡ R>¡ L¡$ sdpd ê$`, kpL$pf, ApL$pf Ar_Ðe

19
R>¡. _pihp_ R>¡. s¡\u Ap„M L¡$ QnyB[ÞÖe ê$` A_¡ ApL$pf sfa\u `pR>u afu ip„s \pe
R>¡. s¡hu fus¡ v$f¡L$ B[ÞÖep¡_¡ s¡_p rhjep¡\u kdÅhu `pR>u bp¡gphu ip„s L$fhu s¡S>
B[ÞÖer_N°l R>¡. s¡hy„ L$fhp\u S> d_ ip„s \pe R>¡ A_¡ byqÙ [õ\f \pe R>¡. [õ\sâo
BÞÖuep¡\u `p¡sp_¡ Ak„N ÅZu_¡ L¡$ kp¥_¡ b°ûde ÅZu_¡ ip„s \B õhõ\ rQÑ¡ b¡k¡
R>¡.
—&& rhjep rhr_hs®Þ s¡ r_fplpõe v¡$rl_¡: &—&
—&& fkhS>® fkp¡Áàõe `f„ Öô²$hp r_hs®s¡ &&
1. rhjep¡_¡ N°lZ _ L$f_pf 2. v¡$lprcdp_usp 3. fpN S>sp¡ _\u. 4. kpnpÐL$pf
L$fhp\u
BrÞÖep¡_¡ bmS>bfu\u s¡_p rhjep¡dp„\u `pR>u bp¡ghhp\u L¡$ cp¢efpdp„ `yfpB_¡ _
k„cmpe, L¡$ _ v¡$Mpe, _ ky„Ope s¡hu ìehõ\p L$fu_¡ L$p¡B D`hpk iê$ L$f¡ sp¡ s¡\u L$B
×íe, îpìe, cp¡Áe Apqv$ `v$p\p£dp„\u fpN r_d®|m \sp¡ _\u.
`Z `X$R>pep_u S>¡d ìeqL$s_p¡ `uR>p¡ L$ep® S> L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ v¡$lprcdp_u_¡ O¡fu hm¡
R>¡. A\p®s¹ hõsy, `v$p\® L¡$ rhjep¡_p¡ fpN S>ep„ ky^u d_dp„ Æh¡ R>¡. cp¡N_u hpk_p„ S>ep„
ky^u Qpgy R>¡ Ðep ky^u L$p¡B _ sp¡ kdpr^õ\ \B iL¡$. S>epf¡ B[ÞÖep¡_p„ rhjep¡dp„\u fpN
r_d|®m \pe R>¡, S>Ns_u cp¥rsL$ hpk_pAp¡ dfu `fhpf¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ S> byqÙ [õ\f \pe R>¡.
`p¡sp_p„ Ak„N s\p k„kpf_p„ A¡L$ Ar^õ\p_ sfuL¡$ kdpr^õ\ S> ÅZ¡ R>¡. rõ\sâo
B[ÞÖep¡_p„ fpN A_¡ cp¡N_¡ ApÐdop_dp„ cõd L$fu Acp¡L$sp sfuL¡$ Ak„N \B, cp¡Ndp„
A_pkL$s \B õhê$`dp„ ip„s \B b¡k¡ R>¡.
—&& essp¡ lerd L$p¥Þs¡e `yfyõe rhjròs : &—&
—&& B[ÞÖepZu âQphp®r_ li[Þs âkc„ d_: &&
—&& spr_ khp®rZ k„eçe dyL$s Aprks dÐ`f: &&
&& hi¡ rl eõe¡[ÞÖepZu sõe âop ârsr›$sp &&
l¡ ASy>®_ ! BrÞÖep¡_u s¡_p rhjep¡dp„ c°dZ L$fhp_u h©rs\u S> ApkqL$s `¡v$p \pe
R>¡, hpk_p - h^pfp¡ \pe R>¡ A_¡ s¡ hpk_p S> b„^_ `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. B[ÞÖep¡_p„ rhjecpp¡N\u
hpk_p„ h^¡ R>¡. L$pdpr‚ âS>hrgs \pe R>¡ A_¡ d_ Q„Qm \pe R>¡. rhjepkL$s d_

20
b„^_L$pfL$ R>¡ A_¡ rhjep¡\u frls \e¡gy„ d_ dp¡n Ap`_pf R>¡.
S>epf¡ B[ÞÖep¡ rhjep¡dp„\u ApkqLs R>p¡X$i¡ d_ s¡dp„\u D`fpd \i¡ Apd B[ÞÖe
k„ed Üpfp D`fpd \e¡gp d__¡ ""dÐ`f:'' L$fhy„ A\p®s¹ b°ûrhQpfdp„ Å¡X$hy„ A_¡
b°dpL$pf h©rs Üpfp, kÅsue h©rs âhpl kss s¥g^pfphs¹ Qgphhp¡, A\p®s "lz„ A_¡ kh®
L„$B b°û S> R>¡, b°û \u rcÞ_ L„$B S> _\u, ×íe A_¡ ×ô$p, o¡e A_¡ opsp, Ýe¡e
A_¡ Ýepsp kh£ b°û R>¡, A¡hu S>¡ byqÙ R>¡ s¡_p Üpfp rQ„s_ L$fu b°ûde h©rsdp„ [õ\s
\hy„ s¡ S> d^âl \hy„ R>¡.' Ap\u kh® dydynyA¡ b°ûrhQpf Üpfp, rhjep¡_p fpN\u A_¡
d__u Q„Qmsp\u dyL$s fl¡hy„ A_¡ kh®Ó b°ûv$i®_ L$fhy„.
—&& Ýepesp¡ rhjepÞeyk : kN:õs¡j eÅes¡ &—&
—&& k„N pÐk„Å es¡ L$pd: L$pdpо$p¡^¡p ¡r cÅes¡ &&
—&& ¾$p¡^ps¹ ^hrs k„dp¡l: k„dp¡lpÐõd©r srhc°d —&
—&& õd©r sc°„i pv¹$ byq Ù_pip¡ byq Ù_piÐâZíers &&
S>¡ ìeqL$s BqÞÖep¡_p rhjep¡_y„ tQs_ L$f¡ R>¡. kyMcp¡N_y„ tQs_ d_ Üpfp L$f¡ R>¡.
S>¡ S>¡ rhje_y„ Ýep_ = tQs_ L$f¡ R>¡, s¡dp„ ApkqL$s = k„N = fpN = âurs \pe R>¡,
s¡_y„ L$pfZ `|h®S>Þd_p kO_ k„õL$pf R>¡. S>¡_p S>¡hp k„õL$pf dþep lp¡e s¡dp„ s¡dp„ d_yóe_u
âh©rs kfm \pe R>¡. lh¡ âñ R>¡ L¡$ ApkqL$s \hp\u S> L„$B `s_ \sy„ _\u. `Z S>¡dp„
ìeqL$s ApkL$s \pe R>¡ s¡_¡ d¡mhhp_u, s¡_p cp¡N_u âbm BÃR>p s¡_pdp„ âNV¡$ R>¡.
Aphu BÃR>p_y„ âNV$ \hy„ s¡ S> L$pdpr‚_y„ âS>hrgs \hy„ R>¡.
S>¡ kdÅhhp L$üy„, Aphp¡ L$pdprN° âS>hrgs \ep `R>u s¡_¡ ip„s L$fhp_p¡ D`pe R>¡
L¡$ S>¡ S>¡ rhjep¡_u L$pd_p ÅNu R>¡ s¡ s¡ cp¡N_¡ âpá L$fhp S>epf¡ cp¡NpkL$s ìeqL$s
âeÐ_ iê$ L$f¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ Å¡ s¡_p âeÐ_dp„ L$p¡B rhÂ_ Aph¡ sp¡ s¡_u L$pd¡ÃR>p Arsâbm
b_¡ R>¡. s¡\u S> B[ÃR>s cp¡N_u As©rá_p¡ Ak„sp¡j ¾$p¡^dp„ ê$`p„sf \pe R>¡.
kp¥ ÅZ¡ R>¡ L¡$ ¾$p¡^dp„ b¡bpL$mu, A„^ \e¡gu ìéqL$s _ L$fhp_y„ L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ _
rhQpfh_y„ rhQpf¡ R>¡. s¡\u s¡ `p¡sp_p rls¡ÃRy>„_¡, D`L$pfL$_¡, rdÓ_¡ Arls L$f_pf A`L$pfp
A_¡ iÓy sfuL¡$ Sy>A¡ R>¡. S>¡ hX$ugp¡ kÞdp_ue, `|S>e s¡d_¡ ^|sL$pfu b¡ k¡ R>¡, r^L$L$pf¡
R>¡, A`dp_rs L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ A`iåv$p¡\u syÃR> L$pf¡ R>¡. Aphy _ L$fhp S>¡hy„, _ bp¡ghp S¡hy„
ìeqL$s ip dpV¡$ L$f¡ R>¡ L¡$ bp¡g¡ R>¡ ? s¡ kh®_p¡ DÑf A¡L$ S> R>¡, kpv$p¡ R>¡ L¡$ sdpd
Ar_ô$p¡, kh® A_\p£_y„ d|m rhjetQs_ R>¡.

21
¾$p¡^\u k„dp¡l DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡, dp¡l_p¡ A\® R>¡ L$pe® A_¡ AL$pe®dp„ c°d `¡v$p \hp¡,
rhh¡L$i|Þesp DÐ`Þ_ \hu.
dp¡l\u õd©rs _pi `pd¡ R>¡ A\p®s¹ `p¡sp_p ""õh'' õhê$`_u õd©rs_p¡ _pi \pe R>¡.
ip÷ - AÝee_ A_¡ Nyê$_p A_yN°l\u S>¡ ApÐdop_ D`v¡$i\u dþey„ R>¡ A_¡ S>¡_p¡ k„N°l
õd©rsdp„ kss fl¡hp¡ Å¡BA¡ L¡$ ""lz„ ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$` Ry>„, AS>f-Adf Ry>„, kyM-
vy$:M_p¡ kp\u s¡\u kyMu-vy$:Mu \hy„ s¡ _\u dpêy„$ õhê$` L¡$ khcph, s¡ sp¡ d__p„ ^d®
R>¡. ''
lz„ ip¡L$, dp¡l Apqv$ d__p ^d®\u dyL$s Ry>„. lz„ ApÐd õhê$`dp„ L$sp®, cp¡L$sp L¡$ L$d®
_\u. ""lz„ sp¡ AL$sp®, Acp¡L$sp, kh®ìep`u, õhe„`fb°û õhê$` Ry>„.'' h¡v$pÞsdp„ ""lz„ b°û
Ry>„.'' A¡hu b°ûpL$pf L¡$ AM„X$pL$pf h©rs_¡ S> õd©rs L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡ õd©rs_p _pi_¡ S>
byqÙ_pi L$l¡ R>¡. Apd ApÐdp_u kÐe õd©rs_y„ rhõdfZ A¡ S> Æhsp„ \e¡gy„ dfZ R>¡,
s¡hp Aop__¡ S> byqÙ_p¡ _pi L$lep¡ R>¡.
byqÙ_p¡ _pi A¡ S> Ap`Zp¡ kpQp¡ rh_pi R>¡, byqÙdp„ S> ApÐdop_ _ô$ \pe R>¡
A_¡ ApÐdop_ _ô$ \hp\u S> Ap`Ï„ î¡e\u L$ëepZdpN®\u `s_ \pe R>¡. Aphp¡ _pi
byqÙ S> L$fph¡ R>¡. õhe„ df¡ R>¡ A_¡ dpf_pfp dp¡s_¡ gph¡ R>¡. byqÙ rhjep¡_y„ `p_ L$fu
õhe„ df¡ R>¡ A\p®s¹ Arhh¡L$u b_¡ R>¡.
—&& fpNÜ¡j rhdyL $s¥õsy rhjepr_[ÞÖe¥òf_¹ &—&
—&& ApÐdhíe¥r h^¡e pÐdp âkpv$dr^NQre &&
—&& âkpv¡$ kh®v y$:Mp_p„ lpr_fõep¡`Åes¡ &&
&& âkÞ_Q¡skp¡ lepiy byqÙ: `e®h rÑ›$s¡ &&
1. = S>gv$u , 2. = [õ\f \pe R>¡.
ASy>®__p¡ âñ R>¡ ""qL$d¹ h°S>¡s'' [õ\s`o_p¡ ìehlpf L¡$hu fus¡ Qpg¡ R>¡ ? s¡hp
âîp¡_p¡ DÑf AÓ¡ A¡hp¡ kdS>ep¡ L¡$ [õ\sâo op_u_¡ d_p¡rhSe âpá \pe R>¡. s¡_y„ d_
s¡_p hidp„ R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡ d__p¡ dprgL$ R>¡. d__p¡ Nygpd _\u s¡\u S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L¡$ d_
S>¡Z¡ L$pb| L$f¡gy„ R>¡ s¡ `yfyj fpN Ü¡j\u dyL$s flu B[ÞÖep¡_p cp¡N cp¡Nh¡ R>sp„ rQÑ_u
r_d®msp L¡$ iyqÙê$`u âkpv$_¡ âpá L$f¡ R>¡. Aphu dp_rkL$ ip„rs S> âkpv$ L¡$ S>¡_¡
ApÝeprsdL$, Apr^rcp¥rsL$ A_¡ Apr^v¥$rhL$ S>¡hp„ vy$:Mp¡_p _piê$` âkpv$ dþep¡ R>¡ s¡_¡
22
S> rQÑ_u âkÞ_sp dm¡ R>¡. op_u iyÙrQÑ\u kh® vy$:Mp¡_p„ _piê$` âkÞ_rQÑ Üpfp
L¡$ rhn¡` rh_p, ip„s d_\u [õ\f byqÙ\u ìehlpf Qgph¡ R>¡ s¡ S> R>¡ Agp¥qL$L$ Qpg
[õ\sâo_u.
—&& _p[õsbyq ÙfeyL$sõe _ QpeyL$sõe cph_p &—&
—&& _ Qpcphes: ip[ÞsfipÞsõe Ly$s: kyMd¹ &&
1. = A[õ\f rQÑhpmp_¡
A_¡L$ hpf îhZ L$fhp R>sp„ b°û rhi¡ A[õ\f rQÑhpmp_u byqÙ ìéh[õ\s \su
_\u A_¡ s¡ S> L$pfZ\u s¡_pdp„ b°ûcph_p DÐ`Þ_ \su _\u. Aphp¡ b°ûrhQpf L¡$
r_qv$Ýepk _ L$f_pf_¡, â`„Qr_h©rs ê$`u ip„su dmsu _\u. s¡hu Aip„s ìeqL$s_¡ ApÐdp
kpnpÐL$pf_y„ kyM L¡$hy„ ? kyM r_:k„v¡$l _\u.
—&& BrÞÖQfZp„ rl Qfsp„ eÞd_p¡ A_yr hÝes¡ &&
&& sv$õe lqfs âop„ hpeydp£h rdhpçc[õs &&
AÓ¡ _ph A¡V$g¡ byqÙ, hpey A¡V$g¡ dp¡lp„^ BqÞÖep¡ A_¡ d_ A¡V$g¡ rhjep¡_u âbm
hpk_p A_¡ S>m A¡V$g¡ k„kpf kpNf ANf rhjep¡ê$`u ×íeâ`„Q S>¡hu fus¡ kpNf_p S>m_¡
`pf L$fu kpd¡ qL$_pf¡ S>hp _uL$m¡gu _p¥L$p_¡ sp¡ap_u `h_, qL$_pfp\u sv$¹_ rhfyÙ qv$ipdp„
M¢Qu Åe R>¡, s¡dp„ `pZu cfpsp X$pdpX$p¡m \B_¡ MX$L$p¡ kp\¡ V$L$pfpe R>¡ A_¡ s|V¡$ R>¡,
Xy$bu_¡ _ô$ \pe R>¡ s¡hu S> fus¡ ×íeâ`„Q_u hÃQ¡ rhjep¡ê$`u S>Ns_p S>m_p dÝedp
k„kpf S>¡hp dlpkpNfdp„, [õ\f Dc¡gu byqÙê$`u _p¥L$p_¡ rhjep¡_u hpk_p_p h„V$p¡m S>¡hp¡
d_ê$`u hpey A_¡ dp¡lp„^ b_¡gp¡ rhje sfa v$p¡X$sp¡ B[ÞÖe ê$`u `h_, byqÙê$`u _p¥L$p_¡
A[õ\f L$f¡ R>¡. `p¡sp_u rhjev$p¡X sfa _p¥L$p_¡ OkX$u S>B Xy$bpX$u v¡$ R>¡.
iqL$sipmu Bq$ÞÖep¡ S>¡ rhjedp„ ApkL$s \pe R>¡. s¡_p cp¡N dpV¡$ d_ _¡ OkX¡$
R>¡ `p¡sp_u `pR>m v$p¡X$ph¡ `Z R>¡. d_ $`f L$pb| L¡$ r_e„ÓZ L$f_pfu byqÙ _y„ `Z
A`lfZ L$f¡ R>¡. S>¡d hpey _p¥L$p_y„ lfZ L$f¡ R>¡. Q„Qm L¡$ A[õ\f d_ S> ip„rs_y„ lfZ
L$f¡ R>¡. lfZ \hy„ s¡ S> rhh¡L$u byqÙ_p¡ kh®_pi R>¡.
—&& sõdpÛõe dlpbplp¡ r_N©lusp_u kh®i : &&
&& BqÞÖepZu B[ÞÖep\£æ eõsõe âop ârsr›$sp &&

23
1. = hi L$f¡gu 2. = [õ\f \pe 3. = byqÙ
dlpbplp¡ - S>¡Z¡ BqÞÖep¡_¡ s¡_p rhjep¡\u `pR>u hpmu R>¡. s¡Z¡ d__u B[ÞÖep¡_¡
`pR>m v$p¡X$hp_u Ly$V¡$h \„cphu R>¡. Aphy„ cNuf\ L$pe® L$fhp_y„ S>¡_y„ kpdÕe® R>¡ s¡ S>
dlpbplp¡ = dlp bmhp_ R>¡. Aphp BqÞÖe A_¡ d__p„ r_N°l_¡ S>¡ âpá R>¡ s¡_p¡ S>
r_qv$Ýepk_ L¡$ b°dcph_p L$fhpdp„ Ar^L$pf R>¡. S>¡_u B[ÞÖep¡ `p¡sp_¡ hi lp¡e s¡_¡ suh°
h¥fpÁe âpá \pe R>¡, d_ [õ\f \hp\u, b°ûcph_p kam \pe R>¡. byqÙ_u [õ\fsp\u
S> A_pqv$ A_„s kyM L¡$ ipðs ip„rs A_ychpe R>¡. dpV¡$ B[ÞÖer_N°l Ar_hpe® R>¡.
—&& ep r_ip kh®c|sp_p„ sõep„ ÅN©rs® k„edu &&
&& sõep„ ÅN©rs® c|spr_ kp r_ip `íesp¡ dy_¡: &&
S>¡Z¡ B[ÞÖep¡ `f k„ed L¡$mìep¡ R>¡ S>¡ rhjepkqL$s\u A„^ _\u s¡hp¡ op_u ÅN¡
R>¡, L$ep„ ÅN¡ R>¡ ? ApÐdop_dp„ ÅN¡ R>¡. lz„ _\u cp¡Áe rhje L¡$ _\u cp¡L$spê$`u
B[ÞÖe, d_ L$¡ Al„L$pf `Z lz„ sp¡ Ry>„..... s¡ kp¥_p kpnu Aphp kpnucphdp„ s¡ ÅN¡
R>¡. lz„ sp¡ AL$sp®, Acp¡L$sp, L$d®, am A_¡ s¡_p b„^\u Ak„N Ry> s¡hp op_dp„ op_u
ÅN R>¡ kpQu ÅN©rs op_dp„S> R>¡, R>sp„ Aphu op_ê$`u ÅN©rs kh® Aop_uAp¡_¡ fprÓ
S>Zpe R>¡.
dpV¡$ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ ApÐdop_ op_u_¡ qv$hk kdp_ R>¡. âL$pi õhê$` R>¡ s¡ kh®
Aop_uAp¡ dpV¡$ fprÓ kdp_ R>¡. s¡\u kp¥ ApÐdop_ dpV¡$ `yfyjp\® _l] L$f_pfp Aop_
L¡$ ArhÛp_u fprÓdp„ JÂep S> L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ `fd âL$pi S>¡hp ApÐdop__¡ Å¡sp„ _\u.
Aop__uAp¡ S>Ns_¡, B[ÞÖep¡_p rhjep¡_¡ A_¡ s¡_p cp¡N_¡ S> kÐe dp_¡ R>¡ s¡\u
cp¡L$sp sfuL¡$ cp¡Áe rhjep¡_y„ nrZL$ kyM cp¡Nhhp kss ÅNsp fl¡ R>¡. kss ÅNhy„
s¡_p¡ A\® R>¡ L¡$ âh©rsdp„ fÃep `Ãep fl¡hy„. L$d® A_¡ s¡_p amdp„ ApkL$s \B âh©rs
L$fhu . S>¡ L$d®Þpp am Ap S>Þddp„ _ dm¡ sp¡ AÞe S>Þd¡ `Z cp¡Nhhp hpk_p `¡v$p
L$fhu A_¡ hpf„hpf _hy„ ifuf, _hu ep¡_u, _hp¡ S>Þd gB S>Þdp¡S>Þd ky^u kv$p L$d®dp„
ÅNsp fl¡hy„ hpk_phpmp¡ ip[Þs\u h„rQs fl¡ R>¡. s¡hy„ ×ô$p„s s¡ ê$`L$ Üpfp kdÅh¡ R>¡.
—&& Ape|e®d pZQgârs›$ kdyÖ dp`: ârhi[Þs eÜs &&
&& sÜÐL$pdp e„: ârhi[Þs kh£ k ip[Þsdpàdp¡r s _ L$pddpdu:&&
kdyÖdp„ Qpf¡ qv$ipAp¡\u _v$uAp¡ `p¡sp_p„ `pZu W$pgh¡ R>¡, `f„sy `p¡sp_p õhcphdp„
24
k„syô$ \e¡gp¡ kpNf s¡_u kudp sp¡X$u _ sp¡ rhL©$s \pe R>¡ L¡$ _ sp¡ rhL$pfu b_¡ R>¡. DgVy„$
s¡ sp¡ `p¡sp_p õhcph dyS>b R>gL$pep rh_p âip„s fl¡ R>¡ s¡hu S> fus¡ D_pmpdp„
_v$uAp¡_p„ `pZu k|L$pe S>sp„ hjp®_p Acph¡ S>_âhpl Ap¡R>p¡ \pe R>¡ s¡\u L„$B kpNf_u
NS>®_pdp„ L$p¡B a¡fapf \sp¡ _\u L¡$ _\u s¡_u cfsu b„^ \su L¡$ _\u kpNf `p¡sp_pdp„
As©rá_p¡$ A_ych L$fsp¡. AQm dep®v$php_ kpNf `p¡sp_pdp„ ArhL$pfu flu `|h®h`¹ âip„s
S> fl¡ R>¡.
s¡hu S> fus¡ `p¡sp Üpfp `p¡sp_ppdp„ k„syô$ \e¡gp [õ\sâodp„ âpfå^ê$`u hjp®
\hp\u, cp¡Np¡_u hpk_pAp¡ s\p A_¡L$ cp¡Áe `v$p\p£ A_¡ rhjep¡_u kqfspAp¡ A¡L$kp\¡
A_¡L$ qv$ipAp¡\u âh¡i L$f¡ R>¡ R>sp„ s¡ r_rh®L$pf opr__p„ rQÑdp„ _ sp¡ lj®_p rhL$pfp¡
DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡ L¡$ _ sp¡ s¡ cp¡Nhpk_pAp¡_u A_pepk¡ cfsu \hp\u s¡ DÞdpv$_y„ âv$i®_
L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ S>epf¡ s¡_p„ âip„s rQÑdp„ âpfå^ep¡N¡ L$p¡B`Z rhjep¡_u hpk_pAp¡
âh¡i L$fsu _\u Ðepf¡ `Z s¡ Ak„sp¡j_¡ âNV$ L$fhp EZ` S>¡hp rhL$pf_¡ âpá \sp¡ _\u:
ANf vy$:M S>¡hu ârsq¾$ep A_ychsp¡ _\u A\p®s¹ [õ\sâo sp¡ `p¡sp_p ArhL$pfu,
ApÐdk„syô$ klS> õhcphdp„ r_d‚ S> fl¡ R>¡ S>¡ rhjep¡_u L$pd_p ÐepN¡ R>¡ s¡ ip[Þs
_¡ `pd¡ R>¡.
—&& rhlpe L$pdpÞe: khp®Þ eydp„òqfs r_:õ`©lp: &&
&& r_d®dp¡ r_f„lL$pf: k ipÞsudr^NÃR>rs &&
dp¡n L¡$ dyqL$sê$`u ip„rs Ars vyg®c ip dpV¡$ R>¡ ? s¡hp¡ âñ \pe sp¡ Ap ïgp¡L$dp„
S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L¡$ ip„rs d¡mhhp L$pd_pAp¡_p¡, Al„L$pf_p¡ s\p ddsp_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡ kss
b°ûcph_p L¡$ b°ûtQs_ S>¡_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ L$l¡ R>¡ s¡ L$fhy„ `X¡$ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡hp âeÐ_\u
dmsu dyqL$sê$`u ip„rs Ars vy$g®c R>¡.
""r_fl„L$pf''- A\p®s¹ Al„L$pf_p¡ ÐepN L$fhp¡, L$ep¡ L$p¡_p¡ Al„L$pf, lz„ ifuf Ry>„,
B[ÞÖe Ry>„, rhÜp_ Ry>„, bmhp_ Ry>„ s¡hp¡ ifufcph A_¡ D`pr^ kp\¡_y„ spv$pÐde sp¡X$hy„
s¡ S> Al„L$pf_p¡ ÐepN R>¡. Apd Al„L$pf sS>hp\u s¡ S> L$sp®cp¡L$sp cph\u dyqL$s R>¡ A_¡
r_fl„L$pfu \hy„ A¡V$g¡ S> ""lz„ b°û Ry> A_¡ b°û R>¡ s¡ S> lz„'' s¡hp op_dp„ [õ\s \hy„.
""r_d®d'' - ddspfrls, S>epf¡ np_u_¡ ""lz„ ifuf Ry>„'' s¡hp¡ Al„L$pf S> bmu_¡
cõd \B Åe R>¡ Ðepf¡ ""ifuf dpfy„ R>¡'' s¡hy„ ddÐh L¡$ ddsp bQu iL$su _\u.
õ`©lpfrls \e¡gp¡, r_fl„L$pfu A_¡ r_d®d `yfyj S>epf¡ r_f„sf b°ûrhQpfdp„ r_qv$Ýepk_dp„
r_d‚ fl¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡ ip[Þs_¡ âpá L$f¡¡ R>¡. ""h°S>¡s qL$d¹'' op_u L¡$ [õ\sâo L¡$hu fus¡
25
Qpg¡ R>¡ ?
[õ\sâo r_õ`©l \B_¡ r_f„sf `fb°ûdp„ S> Qpg¡ R>¡ = Qfrs = rhlpf L$f¡ R>¡ A¡V$g¡
L¡$ kh®Ó rhQfZ L$f¡ R>¡. ifuf S> A¡L$ õ\m¡ fl¡, ApÐdp L$v$u _rl, kh®Ó rhlpf L$fhp¡
A¡ S> Ar^›$p_ \B, kh®ìepá \B, ApL$pi S>¡d ArhQm fl¡hy„. Apd, op_u kh®Ó
rhQfZ fl¡hy„ Apd, op_u kh®Ó rhQf¡ R>¡. Ap S> R>¡ Qpëep rh_p_u Qpg A_¡ `Ngp„
rh_p_p¡ rhlpf [õ\sâo_p¡.
—&& A¡jp b°ûp [õ\rs: `p\® _¥_p„ âpàe rhdylers &&
&& [õ\Ðhp Aõepd„sL$pg¡ Ar` b°û r_hp®Z d|ÃR>rs &&2-72
Ap ïgp¡L$dp„ cNhp_¡ AÜ¥s op__u õsyrs kp\¡ ÅZ¡ ASy>®__u `Z âi„kp L$fu
lp¡e s¡hy„ k„bp¡^_ `p\® = l¡ `p\® ! L$eȳ R>¡. `p\® A¡V$g¡ L¡$ `fdpÐdp_p¡ QplL$ R>¡ s¡ AÐepf
ky^u S>¡ hZ®hu R>¡ s¡ b°pû[õ\rs R>¡. A\p®s¹ s¡ S> b°ûp_„v$_u, ApÐdp_„v$_u, r_Å_„v$_u
[õ\rs R>¡, ""_¥_p„ âpàe rhdylers'' Aphp„ îu L©$óZ_p¡ k|Qh¡ R>¡ L¡$ A¡L$hpf b°pûu[õ\rs
âpá \B, ApÐdop_ âpá \ey„, `R>u s¡_p¡ A„s L¡$ _pi \sp¡ _\u s¡_p¡ `y_:S>Þd \sp¡
_\u, Apd, Nuspê$`u dp¡n ip÷ `y_:S>Þd_p ce\u dyL$s L$fsp¡. dp¡l_pb|v$u_p¡ dlp_
k„v¡$i Ap`¡ R>¡.
Ap D`f\u A¡hy„ ârs`pqv$s \pe R>¡ L¡$ î¥ep\}, dp¡np\} L¡$ L¥hëep\}A¡ r_:õ`©l,
r_hp®k_, r_fl„L$pfu A_¡ r_d®d \B, b°ûr_›$pdp„ r_f„sf r_d‚ fl¡.

± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹


Brsîu AÝepe - 2 kp„¿eep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$ óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

26
27
28
AÝepe : 3 L$d®ep¡N
op_ep¡N_u AÐe„s õsyrs ASy>®_¡ îuL©$óZ¡ dyM¡ kp„cmu R>¡ A_¡ R>sp„L$d®dp„ S>
spfp¡ Ar^L$pf R>¡ s¡hy„ `Z kp„cþey„ R>¡. ""op_u L$d® ÐepN¡ R>¡.'' op_ep¡N \u
L$d®ep¡N Myb S> lgL$p¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ ASy>®_ d|„TpB Nep¡ R>¡. D`fp„s s¡ qÜ^pdp„ R>¡ L¡$
L$d®\u dp¡n dm¡ s¡d _\u A_¡ L$d® R>p¡X$hp_u cNhp_ îuL©$óZ _p `pX¡$ R>¡. sp¡
lh¡ iy„ L$fhy„ ? `p¡sp_u d|„ThZdp„\u fõsp¡ ip¡^hp cNhp__¡ âñ `yR>¡ R>¡ L¡$,
ASy>®_ Aphp¡ âñ `|R>u dydynyAp¡_¡ õ`ô$ L$eȳ R>¡ L¡$ S>epf¡ Ap`Zp¡ Ar^L$pf
i¡dp„ R>¡ s¡ _ kdÅe L¡$ Ap`Ï„ L$s®ìe iy„ R>¡ s¡ bpbs dy„ThZ \pe Ðepf¡
Æh__u i„L$piug _ph_¡ lg¡kp dpfhp L$fsp, L$p¡B op_u Nyê$_¡ Ap¡hpf¡ _ph_¡
g„Npfhu S> ep¡Áe R>¡ A_¡ Ar^L$pf bpbs_p¡ s\p op_`„\__p¡ ep¡Áe DÑf d¡mhu_¡
S> ApNm S>hy„, L$d® L$fhpdp„ S> spfp¡ Ar^L$pf R>¡. am_u ApkqL$sdp„ L$v$u _rl.
Aphp hQ__y„ spÐ`®e A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ am_p¡ rhQpf R>p¡X$u v¡$. dpÓ L$d®dp„ âh¡i L$f.
D`fp„s, op_ A_¡ L$d® b„_¡ A¡L$buÅ_p„ qhfp¡^u R>¡. s¡\u b„_¡ kp\¡ L$fhp_y„ `Z
k|Qìey„ _\u. Apd R>sp„ spfu kdS> dpV¡$ afu\u L$lz Ry>„ s¡ kp„cm.
S>¡ ApÐdsÐh_p¡ r_òe L$fu s¡_¡ ÅZhpdp„ S> r_d‚ R>¡ A_¡ ApÐdop__p„
Aq^L$pfu R>¡. s¡hp dpV¡$ op_ep¡N L$lep¡ R>¡. S>epf¡ S>¡Ap¡ L$d®_¡ S> Æh__p¡ A„rsd
ep¡N dp_¡ R>¡.
L$d®\u î¡›$ L„$B S> _\u s¡hy„ dp__pfp L$d®L$p„X$u L$d®W$p¡_u L$d®r_›$p A_¡
L$d®k„ÞepkuAp¡_u op_r_›$p A¡d b¡ âL$pf_u d¢ `l¡g\ ¡ u S> AgN AgN rhcpNp¡
kp\¡ hZ®h¡gu R>¡.
L$d®\u L$v$u dyqL$s dmu iL¡$ _rl, A\p®s¹ ApÐdp L¡$ ApÐdpop_ L$d®\u d¡mhhy„
AiL$e R>¡. dy„X$L$p¡`r_jv$ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""Ap ApÐdp, _¡Ó, hpZu, B[ÞÖe, s`
ANf L$d®\u âpá \sp¡ _\u. s¡hu S> fus¡ L$d® L¡$ ^_\u L$v$u Adfsp = dp¡n
dmsp¡ _\u.'' Nusp dp¡nip÷ R>¡ s¡\u s¡_¡ dp¡n L$B fus¡ dm¡, L¡$hp kp^_\u
dm¡, s¡_p¡ r_v£$i L$fhpdp„ S> Arcê$rQ R>¡. îu L©$óZ_p¡ k|ÿd k„L¡$s AÓ¡ sdpd
dydynyAp¡A¡ `L$X$hp_p¡ R>¡ s¡ A¡V$gp¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ L$d®_p¡ ÐepN L$fhp¡, s¡ L$d®k„Þepk S>
sÐhp\£ kÐe _\u. `Z sÐhop_dp„ k„Þepk A\p®s¹ sdpd _pd, A_¡ ApL$pf_p¡
29
ÐepN L$fu kçeL¹$ ×rô$ spfp kh® _pd s\p ApL$pf_p ApÐdê$`u Ar^›$p__p¡
õhuL$pf L$fhp¡ A_¡ s¡dp„ rõ\s \hy„ s¡ S> k„Þepk R>¡. ÐepN l„d¡ip dp_rkL$ S> OV¡$
R>¡.
d_yóe nZdpÓ `Z L$d® hNf flu iL¡$ s¡d _\u. kÐh, fS>k A_¡ sdk
A¡d ÓZ¡ NyZp¡ S> ìeqL$s_¡ L$pe®dp„ â¡f¡ R>¡ S>. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡hp NyZp¡ S> rhrcÞ_
hpk_pAp¡ S>Þdph¡ R>¡. A_¡ S>¡d S>¡d hpk_p âbm b_¡ R>¡. s¡d s¡d hpk_ps©rá
A\£ ìeqL$s L$d®dp„ OkX$pe R>¡. dpÓ op_uA¡ S> ApÐdop_dp„ hpk_pAp¡_¡
cõduc|s L$fu lp¡hp\u s¡ hpk_pAp¡dp„ hphpTp¡X$p„ Aph¡ R>¡, R>sp„ AQm rldpge
S>¡d `p¡sp_p õhê$`dp„ [õ\f lp¡hp\u _ sp¡ L$d®dp âh©s \B rhQrgs \pe R>¡ L¡$
_ sp¡ hpk_pAp¡\u â¡fpB_¡ L$dp®kL$s \pe R>¡. s¡\u op_u rkhpe L$p¡B S> L$d® hNf
ip„s \B iL¡$ s¡d _\u s¡hp¡ A\® R>¡.
L¡$hp A_¡ L$ep L$d®_p¡ ÐepN \pe ? ðpk g¡hp_y„, Mphp_y„, Å¡hp_y„, îhZ
L$fhp_y„, dmd|Ó ÐépN_y„, L$ey L$d® R>p¡X$u iL$pe s¡d R>¡ ? Af¡ ifuf_p L$dp£ R>p¡X$ip¡
sp¡ õhà_dp„ `Z d_ `uR>p¡ _rl R>p¡X¡$ A_¡ õhà_kyrô$dp„ L$pë`r_L$, dp_rkL$,
kyÿd L$dp£ L$fphi¡. d_ rhQpf L$f¡, byqÙ r_Z®e g¡, s¡ `Z A„s¡ L$d® S> R>¡. Apd
kv$uAp¡\u S>Þdp¡\u d_, byqÙ A_¡ hpZu A_¡ B[ÞÖep¡_¡ Ahehp¡ L$d® L$fhp S>
V¡$hpe¡gp„ R>¡ dpV¡$ S> L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ L$p¡B `Z nZdpÓ `Z L$d® rh_p flu iL¡$ s¡d
_\u. Apd Å¡sp„ L$d®ÐepN_p¡ L$p¡B D`pe S> _\u R>sp Å¡ L$p¡B L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ d¡ ÐepN
L$ep£ R>¡ L$d®_p¡ sp¡ s¡ _fu d|M®sp S> R>¡. S>¡_¡ epv$ fl¡ R>¡ L¡$ d¡ ÐepN L$ep£ R>¡. s¡hp
rhQpf_¡ k„N°lu fp¿ep¡ R>¡ A_¡ s¡hp r_f\®L$ k„N°l `f s¡Z¡ AV$L$phsu c°pdL$ Bdpfs
QZu R>¡. hpõshdp„ kpQp ÐepNdp„ sp¡ s¡hp rhQpf_p¡ S> ÐepN Bô$ R>¡.
S>¡_¡ ifuf kp\¡ spv$pÐde R>¡, hpk_p am_u ApkqL$s A_¡ NyZp¡_p k„õL$pf_y„
b„^_ R>¡ s¡d_¡ S> rQÑ_u AiyrÙ R>¡. hpk_p v¡$lspv$pÐde A_¡ ampkqL$s S> dmu
R>¡. Aphp dm_¡ v|$f L$fhp dpV¡$ S> L$d®ep¡N_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡.
L$d® R>p¡X$hp_p„ _\u, am R>p¡X$u iL$pe s¡d _\u. R>sp„ L$d® L$fhp_u L$mp
iuMhp_u R>¡ s¡ L$d® L$fp¡ R>sp„ b„^pAp¡ _lu: A\p®s am_u A`¡np R>p¡X$u L$d® L$fhyy„.
spÐ`e®dp„ L$p¡BA¡ L$d® R>p¡X$hp S>ê$fu _\u, `Z ApÐdop_\u S>¡ L$pB `p¡sp_p Ak„N

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ApÐdp_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡_p\u ÐépN_u q¾$ep rh_p S> kh® L„$B ÐeÅe R>¡ A¡ S>
dp_rkL$ ÐepN R>¡.
rhd|Y$_¡ _\u ApÐdop_, _\u B[ÞÖe k„ed, _\u S>Ns_p„ rdÕepÐh_y„ cp_,
_\u s¡_y„ d_ D`fpd, R>sp„ op_u S>¡hp¡ v¡Mph L$fu kh® L$dp£ ÐepNu s¡ dp¥_u b_¡
R>¡, âh©rs i|Þe \pe R>¡. Apd blpf\u op_u S>¡hp¡ ip„s v¡$Mpe R>¡ R>sp„ d_dp„
hpk_p_p¡ S>hpmpdyMu S>gsp¡ fpM¡ R>¡. Ap„Mp¡ b„^ R>¡, R>sp„ d__u Ap„M¡ qv$hpõhà_dp„
fpQsp¡ ê$` A_¡ kp¦v$e®_y„ S> tQs_ L$ep® L$f¡ R>¡.
s¡hp¡ hpk_p kcf kss dp_rkL$ L$d® L$f_pfp¡, S>epf¡ v$php¡ L$f¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""ly„
b°û Ry>„'', AL$pd, r_óL$pd, A_¡ ApÐds©á Ry>„'' Ðepf¡ s¡_p `p¡L$m v$php_m A_¡
L$pd_p_p¡ L$pv$h S>Zpe R>¡. s¡hp_¡ S> AÓ¡ rdÕepQpfu A_¡ d|Y$ L$üp¡ R>¡. s¡ S> fus¡
ApÐdîhZ, Ýep_, op_âprá dpV¡$ S>¡ cNhp ^pfZ L$f¡, k„Þepk g¡, R>sp„ _ s¡_¡
fyrQ lp¡e op_dp„, R>sp„ dpÓ v„$X$, L$d„X$m A_¡ h÷\u S> `p¡sp_¡ L©$sL©$Ðe \e¡gp¡
A_¡L$_p¡ Nyê$ ÅZ¡, s¡ rdÕep Qpfu R>¡.
S>¡d rdÕepQpfu `Z ApÐdop_ rh_p_p¡ R>¡, s¡d AÞe S>¡ ApÐdop_ frls
lp¡hp R>sp„ k„edu R>¡. k„edu d_ Üpfp S>¡ L$p¡B L$d® L$f¡ R>¡ `f„sy afu L$d®_p„ am_u
ApkqL$s fpMsp¡ _\u s¡hp¡ L$d®ep¡Nu L$d® L$fsp¡ lp¡hp R>sp„ rdÕepQpfu L$fsp„ î¡›$
R>¡.
L$d® b„^_ S> `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. b„^__p¡ S>Þd L$d®\u S> \pe R>¡ sp¡ kpQy„ L$d® L$ey„
? _¡ L¡$hu fus¡ L$d® L$fhp\u s¡ b„^__y„ L$pfZ _ b_¡ ? s¡_p¡ S> DÑf cNhp_¡
AÓ¡ Apàep¡ R>¡ L¡$ -
eo dpV¡$ S>¡ L$dp£ \pe s¡ b„^_L$sp® _\u. AÓ¡ eo A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? A¡hp¡ âñ
Ahíe \pe kpdpÞeS>_ s¡_¡ dpÓ L$d®L$p„X$_u A¡L$ rhr^ S> ÅZ¡ R>¡. R>sp„ Nusp
L$d®L$p„X$p¡_u `p¡\u _\u, `Z Sy>_u, `yfpZu hl¡d A_¡ i„L$p\u cf¡gu L$d®L$pX$p¡_u
L$p¡\mu _\u, `Z sÐh_p¡ k„v¡$i Ap`sy„ r_:i„L$, r_:k„v¡$l, Acespv$i®L$ dp¡nip÷
R>¡. s¡\u s¡_p k„v$c®dp„ S> eo_p¡ A\® kdS>hp¡ kp\®L$ NZpi¡.
kdN° dp_hÆh_ A¡L$ eo kdp_ R>¡. v$f¡L$ BqÞÖe A¡L$ eoLy„$X$ R>¡. Ap„Mê$`u
Ly„$X$dp„ ×íep¡_u Aplzrs A`pe R>¡. rS>l¹hpê$`u Ly„$X$dp„ õhpv$_u, S>epf¡ iåv$ê$`u ApL©$rs
31
îhZ¡[ÞÖe S>¡hp eoLy„$X$dp„ A`pe R>¡. s¡_p rhjep¡ s¡ Aplzrs Ap`hp_p„ `v$p\p£ R>¡.
S>¡ L$p„B lp¡dpe R>¡, s¡ s¡ B[ÞÖep¡_p v¡$hsp_¡ `lp¢Q¡ R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$ îhZ¡[ÞÖe_p¡
Ar^›$psp v¡$h ApL$pi R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ L$p_ lp¡e, iåv$ bp¡gpe, `Z iåv$_¡ âhpk
L$fhp ApL$pi S>¡hy„ dpÝed _ lp¡e sp¡ îhZ iL$e b_¡ _l] A¡V$g¡ S> dpÝed_¡
h¥qv$L$ kprlÐedp„ v¡$h L$l¡hpe R>¡.
h¡v$pÞsdp„ s¡_¡ Ar^›$psp v¡$h kdÅhhpdp„ Aph¡gp R>¡. Apd, ×rô$ B[ÞÖe_p¡
v¡$h k|e® R>¡. s¡hy„ v$f¡L$ B[ÞÖe bpbs kdÆ g¡hy„. s¡hu S> fus¡ S>W$fprÁ_ `Z
eoLy„$X$ R>¡ A_¡ S>¡ L„$B AÞ_ A`pe R>¡ s¡ Aplzrs S> R>¡. Apd dp_hÆh__u v$f¡L$
âh©rs eoê$` S> R>¡ S>¡ L„$B DÐ`Þ_ \ey„ R>¡ s¡ kh® L$p„B `fb°û\u S> _u`S>¡gy„ R>¡.
kdN° b°ûp„X$ b°ûde R>¡. b°û\u rcÞ_ L$„B S> _\u. ""kh® b°ûde„ S>Ns¹'' Å¡
kh®b°û S> R>¡ sp¡ eoLy„$X$, s¡dp„ lp¡dp„sp Öìep¡, s¡dp_p¡ Ar‚, d„Óp¡ bp¡g_pfp
b°pûZp¡_u A_¡ õhe„ eo_p¡ Ar‚ `Z b°û S> R>¡ A_¡ lp¡dhpdp„ Aphsp„ `v$p\p£
`Z b°û S> R>¡, lp¡dpB Nep `R>u ^ydpX$p ê$`¡ S>¡_¡ s¡ dm¡ R>¡ s¡ kh® b°ûZ S>
R>¡. Aphu D`r_jv$p¡_u b°ûde ×rô$dp„ Å¡ L„$B S> b°ld\u rcÞ_ _\u sp¡ `R>u
eo_u kdN° `°h©rÑ L¡$ eoê$`u \sy„ L$d® L$B fus¡ b°ld\u rcÞ_ lp¡B iL¡$ ? Apd
rhQpfsp dpÓ eo kde¡ \sy L$d® L¡$ âh©rs S> _rl, `Z kdN° b°ûp„X$_u kss
Qpgsu kh® L$p„B âh©rs L¡$ L$d® b°ûde R>¡. kyfS>_y„ ENhy„ i¡dp„\u ? b°ûdp„\u
Xy$bhy„ L$ep„ ? `fb°û dp„ S> âL$pihy„ L$p¡_¡ ? b°û_¡ âL$pris \_pf L$p¡Z ? b°û
`p¡s¡ S> `p¡spdp„ hugku füy„ R>¡. Apd l¡ ASy>®_ê$`u dydynyAp¡ L$d® L$fhpdp„ Å¡ am_u
BÃR>p _rl lp¡e, ApkqL$s L¡$ A`¡np _rl lp¡e, `Z kh£ L$d®dp„ Å¡ kh® ìep`L$
`fd¡ðf_u âurs dpV¡$ L$d® \i¡.
sp¡ s¡ L$d® Bðfp®`Z byqÙ\u S> \e¡gp NZpi¡ A_¡ L$d® L$fhp R>sp„ b„^_L$pfL$
S>Zpi¡ _rl. Bðf sp¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡. S>epf¡ kS>®_ L$f¡ Ðepf¡ b°ldpÆ, `pg_ `p¡jZ
L$f¡ Ðepf¡ rhóÏ A_¡ Aop_ vy$f L$fhpê$`u k„lpf L$f¡ Ðepf¡ s¡ i„L$f L$l¡hpe R>¡. Apd
R>sp„ Bðf S>epf¡ D`pr^\u dyL$s b_¡ R>¡. Ðepf¡ b°û S> R>¡. am_u ApkqL$s R>p¡X$u_¡
L$d® kpfu fus¡ L$fS>¡ S>¡\u s_¡ s¡hp L$d®\u L$v$u L$p¡B b„^__p¡ ce fl¡i¡ _rl. Aphu
fus¡ L$d® L$fhp\u Bðf_p âkpv$ê$`u rQÑiyqÙ dmi¡, S>¡ s_¡ b°ûê$`u L$d® Üpfp
b°ûdp„ S> [õ\f L$fi¡. Apd ASy>®__¡ cNhp_¡ L$ley„ eopqv$ L$d®\u sd_¡ B[ÃR>s
cp¡Np¡ `Z dmi¡, s¡_y„ ApQfZ L$fhp\u v¡$hspAp¡ k„syô$ \pe R>¡. hmu k„L$ë`
32
BÃR>p dyS>b am Ap`¡ R>¡. Aphp am S>¡_¡ dm¡ R>¡. s¡ v¡$hsp_p¡ F>Zu R>¡. s¡hy„
v¡$hF>Z Q|L$hhp S> dpV¡$ S> sdpf¡ hpf„hpf eopqv$ L$d® L$fhp BóV$ R>¡. R>sp„ Å¡
L$p¡B s¡d _ L$f¡ A_¡ v¡$hspAp¡_¡ A`®Z L$ep® rh_p `p¡s¡ S> ifuf_¡ `yô$ L$fhp
AÞ_pqv$ Apfp¡N¡ R>¡ s¡ kS>S>_p¡ _u _S>fdp„ Qp¡f L$l¡hpe R>¡.
Ap`Zu `pk¡ S>¡ L$B R>¡ s¡ sp¡ A„s¡ S>Nsr_e„sp_u S> ^_v$p¡gs Ap`Z_¡
\p`Z sfuL¡$ dmu R>¡. R>sp„ s¡_u S> rdgL$s Å¡ s¡_¡ A`®Z L$ep® rh_p D`cp¡N
dpV¡$ h`fpe sp¡ s¡hp¡ õhp\}S> Qp¡f R>¡. Ap`Ï„ kpfy„ k|v¹Y$ ifuf `fdpÐdp_u k¡hp
dpV¡$ S> R>¡. Apd õhpõÕe `Z ipfuqfL$ v$p¡gs R>¡.
byqÙ dp_rkL$ v$p¡gs R>¡, s¡ âcy_¡ A`®Z L$fhp tQs_ L$fhy„, cp¥rsL$ ^_ lp¡e
sp¡ v$p_ L$fhy„, s¡ S> kh®ìep`u_¡ A`®Z L$fhp S>¡hy„ R>¡.
op_ê$`u v$p¡gs lp¡e sp¡ S>ep„ S>ep„ S>¡ `pÓdp„ Aop_ lp¡e s¡ v|$f L$fhp âeÐ_
L$fhp¡ s¡ `Z `fdpÐdp_¡ s¡_u op_ê$`u \p`Zdp„\u L„$B A`®Z L$fu_¡ cp¡Nhhp S>¡hy„
R>¡. S>¡ L$p¡B s¡Z¡ S> Ap`¡gu Ap„Mp¡\u _ s¡_¡ Å¡B iL¡$, s¡Z¡ Ap`¡gp L$p_\u _
s¡_y„ îhZ L$fu iL¡$, s¡Z¡ S>¡ Ap`¡gp op_\u _ s¡_¡ ÅZu iL¡$ s¡ kp¥ hpõshdp„
`fdpÐdp_y„ F>Z QyL$hhp Akd\® R>¡ s¡\u Qp¡f S> R>¡. L$p¡B `Z âL$pf_p eop¡
L$d®\u S> DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡ Aphp eo L$fsu hMs¡ S>¡ Aplwsu A`pe R>¡ s¡ kh®
k|e®v¡$hsp_¡ dm¡ R>¡. A_¡ k|e v¡$h âkÞ_ \B h©rô$ L$f¡ R>¡. hfkpv$\u AÞ_ \pe
R>¡. AÞ_ Mphp\u s¡dp fl¡gp hue® L¡$ iy¾$S>„sy\u âÅ¡Ð`rÑ Üpfp âÅ DÐ`Þ_ \pe
R>¡. s¡ âÅ afu L$d® L$fu eo S>Þdph¡ R>¡. eo\u `y_: hjp® \pe R>¡. A_¡ Aphu
fus¡ S>Ns_y„ Æh_Q¾$Qpg¡ R>¡. Aphy Q¾$ Qgphhp dpV¡$ b°ûcph¡ L$d® L$fhy„ AphíeL$
R>¡ S>¡\u Q¾$ Qpg¡ `Z b°û cph¡, dpÓ L$d® _¡ S> L$s®ìe dp_u \pe sp¡ s¡
b„^_L$sp® _ r_hX¡$. am_u ApkqL$s A_¡ A`¡np\u S>¡ dyL$s R>¡, s¡ _ sp¡ kyMu
vy$:Mu \pe R>¡ _ amdp„ b„^pe R>¡. _ `fd L$ëepZ S>¡hp dp¡n\u c°ô$ \pe R>¡
`Z rQÑiyqÙ_¡ S> âpá L$fu op_ d¡mh¡ R>¡. A„s¡ dp¡n_¡ S> âpá \ep R>¡.
lh¡ L$d® L¡$hu fus¡ L$fhy„ s¡_u L$mp iuMh¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡d L$d® L$fhp R>sp„ L$d® am_u
L$pmpi _ gpN¡ A_¡ L$d®_¡ `L$X$hp R>sp„ õhe„ _ `L$X$pBA¡ L¡$ _ `V$L$pBA¡ Å¡
op_u A_¡ Aop_u b„_¡_¡ L$d® S> L$fhp_p„ lp¡e sp¡ b„_¡dp„ a¡f S> L$ep„ flep¡ ? Aphu
i„L$p_p kdp^p_ dpV¡$ îuL©$óZ¡ AÓ¡ kdÅìey„ R>¡ L¡$ Aop_uAp¡ L$d®_p„ amdp„
33
L$sp®cphdp„ ApkL$s \B L$d® L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u L$d® amdp„ b„^pB kyMu-vy$:Mu \pe R>¡.
S>epf¡ op_u L$d®L$f¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ v¡$Mpe R>¡. Aop_u S>¡hp¡ S> R>sp s¡ L$d®_p„ b„^_dp„
`X$sp¡ _\u L$pfZ L¡$ L$d® amdp„ _\u s¡_¡ ApkqL$s L¡$ _\u s¡ L$sp®cphdp„ ApkL$s
A¡V$g¡ ""lz„ L$d®_p¡ L$sp®'' Ry>„. s¡hp cph¡ _rl bgL¡$ AL$sp® cph¡ L$d® L$f¡ R>¡. A¡V$g¡
L¡$ L$d®dp„ ApkqL$s frls L$d® L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u S> L$d®L$fhp R>sp„ b„^_dp„ `X$sp¡ _\u.
Apd Aop_u_¡ L$d® rhÂ_ R>¡ dp¡nê$`u `fdNrsdp„ Ahfp¡^L$ R>¡. S>epf¡ op_u_¡ L$d®
L$fhp\u L$p¡B rhÂ_ _\u L$p¡B lp_u _\u s¡_p op_dp„ L$p¡B Ap¡V$ Aphsu L¡$ _\u
d__u ip„rsdp„ c„N \sp¡ L$d® sp¡ A¡_y„ A¡ S> R>¡. R>sp„ Ar^L$pfdp„ a¡f \hp\u A¡L$
_¡ dpV¡$ S>¡ v|$jZ R>¡ s¡ S> AÞe_¡ dpV¡$ c|jZ S>Zpe R>¡. Aop_u `Z L$d®_¡ `L$X¡$
R>¡, op_u `Z `L$X¡$ R>¡ R>sp b„_¡ `L$X$ `L$X$dp„ a¡f R>¡. Aop_u_u ""L$d®'' `L$X$
S>Þdd©Ðey Q¾$dp„ `pX$_pfu R>¡.
S>epf¡ op_u_u L$d®_u `L$X$ am_p b„^_\u spf_pfu R>¡. Aop_u_u L$d® `L$X$
kL$pdu> b„^_L$pfL$ R>¡. op_u_u `L$X$ r_óL$pd R>¡, b„^_\u bQph_pfu R>¡. dpV¡$ l¡
ASy>®_ ! sy„ A_pkL$s cph¡ L$d® L$fu õhe„ sfu Å, A_¡ Å¡ sy„ s_¡ sf¡gp¡ ÅZ¡
sp¡ AÞe dpV¡$ sfpep¡ \p.
kh® L$d® Bðf_¡ kdr`®s L¡$hu fus¡ L$fhp ? îuL©$óZ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ l¡ ASy>®_ ?
S>¡ L$p¡B L$d® S>Nsdp„ S>ep„ S>ep„ \pe R>¡, Ðep„ kh® L$d® dpfu dpep Üpfp S> \pe
R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ kh® kS>®_ dpep_y„ S> L$pe® R>¡. `Z dpep dyS> Bðf_p„ Apîe¡ R>¡.
dpfu AÝenspdp„ S> dpep kh® L$d® L$fph¡ R>¡. ""s¡\u sy„ kh£ L$dp£_¡ dpfpdp„ kdr`®s
L$fu v¡$'' s¡d L$fhp\u sy„ L$qv$ L$d®_p¡ dprgL$ _rl \pe. dprgL$u_p¡ cph R>p¡X$u v¡$.
L$d® L$p„ sp¡ dpep _¡ kp¡`u v¡$, ANf dyS> Bðfdp„ Apfp¡`u v¡$. Å¡ L$d® S> Bðf_¡
A`®Z \pe sp¡ am `Z s¡_¡ S> dm¡ A_¡ L$d®_p¡ L$sp® `Z Bðf S> L$l¡hpe Aphu
cph_p\u S>¡ L$d® L$fu iL¡$ s¡ L$d®dp„ L¡$ amdp„ b„^psp¡ _\u.
fpNÜ¡j_u _pb|v$u \pe L$B fus¡ ?
kp¥_¡ ksphsp¡ Ap A¡L$ k_ps_ âñ R>¡, fpNÜ¡j_y„ d|m Aop_ R>¡. dpV¡$ S>
B[ÞÖep¡_¡ s¡_p rhje dpV¡$ fpN R>¡. d__¡ A_„s kyM_y„ Aop_ R>¡. dpV¡$ S>
Aë`Æhu `v$p\p£ L¡$ hõsydp„ fpN R>¡ A_¡ s¡hp S> Aop_\u Ü¥j `¡v$p \pe R>¡.
Apd, fpNÜ¡j Å¡ Aop__u `¡v$pi R>¡ sp¡ s¡ v|$f L$fhp dpÓ ApÐdop_ S> AphíeL$
R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ b„_¡ A¡L$buÅ_p„ rhfp¡^u R>¡.
34
fpNÜ¡j d__p„ ^dp£ R>¡. ApÐdp_p _\u R>sp„ Aop_u s¡_¡ `p¡sp_p ^d® dp_u
kyMu - vy$:Mu \pe R>¡. Ðepf¡ ip÷_u L©$`p Ðep„ S> dv$v¡$ Aph¡ R>¡ A_¡ Aop_
AhNyZ_¡ ip÷ dpÓ vy$f L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u ApÐdpop__y„ A_phfZ \pe R>¡.
ApÐdõhê$` õhs: S> kdÅe R>¡ A_¡ S>Zpe R>¡ L¡$ fpNÜ¡j dpfp _\u, lz„ s¡d_p¡
_\u, s¡ S>¡_p lp¡e s¡_u `pk¡ fl¡. d_¡ s¡_p hNf L$d® L$fhpdp„ lp_u _\u. Apd
fpNÜ¡j_u _pb|v$u dpÓ ApÐdop_\u \pe R>¡. R>sp„ L$qv$ cyghy„ _rl L¡$ ip÷ L¡$
Nyê$ L„$B ApÐdop_ `¡v$p L$fsp _\u. R>sp„ Aop_ v|$f L$fhpdp S>¡ fus¡ dv$v$ L$f¡
R>¡ s¡_p„ Ap^pf¡ S> ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$` ApÐdp_y„ A_phfZ \pe R>¡.
Ap L$d®ep¡N_p¡ AÝepe R>¡. s¡dp kh^d® A_¡ `f^d® _p A_¡L$ A\p£ gp¡L$p¡A¡
L$ep® R>¡ A¡L$ iåv$ L¡$ rhje_p„ A_¡L$ A\® lp¡B iL¡$ A_¡ \B iL¡$. `Z iåv$ L¡$
hpL$e_p„ âpZ_¡ dpfu_¡ s¡_p N|Y$p\®_p¡ _pi lfrNS> _ \B iL¡$.
õh^d®_p¡ A\® OZp k„5°v$pep¡A¡ sL$ kp^|, ApQpep£A¡, dlp^uip¡A¡, dl„sp¡A¡
L¡$ ^d®_u Npv$u_¡ [õ\f fpMhp õhp\} ^dp®r^L$pfuAp¡A¡ `p¡sp_u dfÆ dyS>b L¡$
k„âv$pe dyS>b L$ep£ R>¡. s¡hp õhp\®dp„ ^d® cg¡ A[õ\f \pe, `Z ^d®_u Npv$u
[õ\f fl¡hu Å¡BA¡ A¡hp¡ dp¡lp„^ ds S> âh®s¡ R>¡. Apd kp¥ k„âv$pep¡_p„ Ly„$X$pmpdp„
L¡v$u b_¡gp dlpf\uAp¡A¡ ""õh^d®'' _¡ `p¡sp_p Mpbp¡rQepdp„ `pX$u ^d® L¡$
k„âv$pe_u rdgL$s b_phhp vy$fpN°l k¡ìep¡.
A_¡ ""`f^d®_p¡'' A\® S>¡_¡ s¡ gp¡L$p¡ dp_sp _\u s¡ NÎep¡. ANf `p¡sp_p
^d®, k„âv$pe L¡$ d_\u S>¡ Sy>v$p¡ R>¡ s¡ `f^d® R>¡. A¡hp¡ k„Ly$rQs A\® L$f¡gp¡ S>Zpe
R>¡.
îudv¹$ cNv$hv¹$Nusp sp¡ `fd sÐh_p¡ A¡hp¡ v$¡v$uàedp_ âL$pi R>¡ L¡$ S>ep„ ^d®
L¡$ k„âv$pep¡_u L$ë`_p `Z `lp¢Qu iL¡$ s¡d _\u. Nusp S>¡hy„ dp¡nip÷ sp¡
k„âv$pep¡\u dyL$s, _‚, ApÐdop__p„ AN_M„X$ S>¡hy„ R>¡. S>¡dp„ âh¡isp `yh£ hpX$p,
h„X$u, lh¡gu, k„âv$pep¡, dsp¡cõduc|s \i¡, ApÐdop_ `Z Ak„N fl¡i¡.
âL©$rs k„õL$pf A_¡ Ar^L$pf\u S> õh^d® _½$u \pe R>¡. S>¡d ASy>®_ L$d®_p¡,
L$d®r_›$p_p¡ âL©$rsdpN®_p¡ Ar^L$pfu R>¡ s¡d L$d®r_›$p S> s¡_p¡ õh^d® R>¡. s¡d v$f¡L$
`p¡sp_u âL©$rs A_¡ k„õL$pf\u `p¡sp_p¡ õh^d® _½$u L$fu g¡hp¡ ASy>®__p ×ô$p„s\u
s¡_p âh®sdp_ k„Å¡Np¡, s¡_u âL©$rs Å¡sp L$d®k„Þepk L$d®ÐepNdp„ s¡_p¡ Ar^L$pf
35
_\u. s¡\u k„ÞepkN°lZ L$fhp¡ s¡_p¡ ^d® _\u. Apd op_r_›$p L¡$ k„Þepk ASy>®_
dpV¡$ `f^d® R>¡. õh^d®_y„ `pg_ L$fsp Å¡ dyÐey \i¡ sp¡ `Z ^d®`pg_ L$fhp_u
`rhÓ BÃR>p `yfu L$fhp `y_:`yÎehp_ A_¡ `rhÓ Ly$Vy„$bdp„ S>Þd \i¡. A_¡ afu
õh^d®_y„ `pg_ \hp\u A„s¡ LëepZ S> dmi¡. k„Þepk d|Y$ dpV¡$ `f^d® R>¡. õh^d®
L$v$u _rl. s¡dS> î¥e_y„ kp^_ `Z _\u.
îuL©$óZ¡ õh^dp®QfZdp„ Lp¡$B ce _\u s¡d L$ley„, R>sp ASy>®__p¡ âñ R>¡ L¡$
`yfyj _ BÃR>sp¡ R>sp„ L$p¡_u â¡fZp\u `p`_y„ ApQfZ L$fhp sÐ`f b_¡ R>¡.
cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ L$pd_p, hpk_p A\p®s L$pd S> ìeqL$s `pk¡ s¡ _ BÃR>¡
s¡hy„ A^d L$d® L¡$ `p`L$d® L$fph¡ R>¡. s¡\u s¡ S> dlp`p`u R>¡. Ap L$pd fÅ¡NyZ\u
DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡. fS>kNyZ_p¡ ^d® fpN R>¡. Apd S>¡_pdp„ fS>kNyZ h^y lp¡e s¡_pdp„
fpN S>Þd¡ R>¡. S>¡ S>¡ rhjedp„ fpN S>Þd¡ s¡ s¡ rhje_¡ cp¡Nhhp_u BÃR>p \sp s¡dp„
L$pd DÐ`Þ_ \pe s¡ õhpcprhL$ R>¡. L$pd_p, L$pd L¡$ hpk_p S> âh©rs L¡$ L$d®_y„ buS>
R>¡. Ap L$pd_¡ dlpi_ L$lep¡ R>¡. L$pd_¡ L$pdpr‚ L$l¡hpe R>¡. L$pd `Z Ar‚ R>¡.
s¡ L$v$u L$p¡B cp¡Np¡ \u D`fpd \sp¡ _\u. L$pdprN_ S> ¾$p¡^prÁ_ `¡V$ph¡ R>¡. Ap b„_¡
ApÐdop__u âprádp„ dp¡n_p„ dpN®dp„ iÓy R>¡. s¡\u L$pd ¾$p¡^\u bQhy„ Bô$ R>¡.
A^|fu hpk_p„ L$pd_p„ S> hpf„hpf ìeqL$s_¡ S>Þd-d©Ðey Q¾$_p„ L¡$v$u b_ph¡ R>¡. L$pd_u
A¡hu L$fpds iê$ \pe R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdp_¡ s¡ AphfZ L$f¡ R>¡. k„`|Z® Y$p„L$u v¡$ R>¡ A_¡
L$pd `p¡s¡ S> `X$v$pê$`¡ Aop__p„ AphfZê$`¡ âv$i®_ L$f¡ R>¡. A¡hp L$pd¡ k„`|Z®
S>Ns_¡ L$pdZNpê„$ b_phu d|L$ey„ R>¡. S>¡ kL$pdu dpV¡$ c|jZ R>¡. dydyny_¡ v|$jZ R>¡,
dlpiqL$sipmu ""L$pd'' _yy„ v$l_ L$fhp dpÓ ApÐdop_ S> kd\® R>¡ dpV¡$
ApÐdp_¡ L¡$hu fus¡ ÅZhp¡ s¡ kdÅh¡ R>¡.
S>¡ ApÐd op_ ""L$pd'' v$l_ dpV¡$ kd\® R>¡ s¡ ApÐdp_¡ B[ÞÖe, d_ A_¡
byqÙ\u `f A\p®s kyÿd R>¡ s¡d S>Zphp¡. B[ÞÖe _¡ kyÿd L$lu R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$
B[ÞÖep¡_u âÐenuL$fZ_u k|ÿdiqL$s s¡hp¡ A\® kdS>hp¡. Ap„M, _pL$, L$p_ A¡
B[ÞÖe Np¡gL$ R>¡. kp^_ R>¡. s¡ sp¡ dX$v$p _¡ `Z lp¡e R>¡. dX$v$p_¡ Ap„M R>¡. `Z
Å¡hp_u ×rô$ _\u Ap ×rô$ s¡ S> B[ÞÖe R>¡. îhZ iqL$s s¡S> B[ÞÖe R>¡. L$p_
_rl îhZ L$fhy„ Å¡hy„, kyOhy„ _¡ âÐenuL$fZ R>¡. Apd B[ÞÖep¡_p¡ A\® Å¡hp_u
×rô$ L¡$ îhZiqL$s g¡hp\u S> kdÅi¡ L¡$ B[ÞÖep¡ kyÿd R>¡. Ap B[ÞÖep¡\u
S>Zpsp õ\|m rhjep¡ R>¡. v$p.s. ×rô$ B[ÞÖe\u `h®s ""×íe'' \ep¡ s¡ `h®s
36
B[ÞÖep¡_p¡ rhje R>¡. s¡ `h®s õ\|m R>¡. B[ÞÖe s¡\u k|ÿd R>¡, s¡ S> qv$ipdp„
rhQpfsp õ`ô$ \pe R>¡ L¡$ B[ÞÖe\u d_ h^y k|ÿd R>¡. S>ep„ B[ÞÖe _ `lp¢Q¡ Ðep„
d_ `lp¢Qu Åe R>¡. s¡dS> d_ L$fsp byqÙ Ars k|ÿd R>¡. A\p®s¹ S>¡ S>Zpe R>¡
s¡ õ\|m R¡. A_¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ k|ÿd R>¡. s¡hp k„v®$cdp„ S> v$f¡L$_¡ A¡L$buÅ\u `f î¡›$
`Z L$lep„ R>¡. rhjep¡_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ B[ÞÖep¡, BrÞÖep¡_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ d_ Q„Qm R>¡, rõ\f
R>¡ ip„s R>¡ Aip„s R>¡ s¡hy„ ÅZ_pf byqÙ R>¡. s¡\u S> byqÙ d_\u `f R>¡. ANf
k|ÿd R>¡ s¡ S> âdpZ¡ ''ApS>¡ dpfu byqÙ bl¡f dpfu NB R>¡, byqÙ d„v$ `X$u NB
R>¡, byqÙ r_Z®e g¡hp_¡ AiL$s R>¡.'' s¡hy„ ÅZ¡ R>¡ L$p¡Z ? b¡iL$, S>¡ byqÙ\u k|ÿd
lp¡e s¡ S> byqÙ_¡ ÅZu iL¡$. A¡hy„ R>¡ L$p¡Z ?
sp¡ îuL©$óZ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""byÙ¡ `fsõsy k'' byqÙ\u AÐe„s `f, AÐe„s
k|ÿd ApÐdp S> R>¡. S>¡ kh®_p¡ opsp, R>¡ B[ÞÖe d_, byqÙ_¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ R>¡ s¡\u
kp¥_p¡ âL$piL$ R>¡ s¡hy„ `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡ kp¥_¡ ÅZ_pf R>¡ dpV¡$ S> s¡ op_õhê$` R>¡.
s¡\u s¡_y„ S> op_ âpá L$fhy„ s¡ kp¥\u î¡›$ R>¡, kp¥\u k|ÿd R>¡ dpV¡$ `fd op_
L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡hp `fd op__p Dv$edp„ L$pd_p¡ _pi \pe R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡ op_ S>
Æh__y„ A„rsd Ýe¡e R>¡. s¡ Ýe¡e_u âprá S> ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf R>¡. dpV¡$ l¡ ASy>®_ê$`u
dydynyAp¡, ApÐdop_ dpV¡$ S> `m cf_p¡ rhQpf L$ep® rh_p âepZ L$fp¡, âõ\p_
L$fp¡.
Apd op_dp„, Ak„Ncphdp„ rh_p eyÙ¡ ""L$pd'' iÓy_p¡ k„lpf \pe R>¡. dpV¡$
îuL©$óZ¡ Nusp¡`v¡$i Üpfp ApÐdp_¡ kp¥\u k|ÿd S>Zpìep¡, D`r_jv¡$ `Z kp¥\u k|ÿd
A_¡ kp¥\u dlp_ NZpìep¡ R>¡.
""B[ÞÖep¡_u A`¡npA¡ rhjep¡ bmhp_ R>¡. rhjep¡\u d_ bmhÑf R>¡. A_¡
d_ L$fsp `Z byqÙ bmhsu R>¡ s\p byqÙ\u dlp_ ApÐdp AÐe„s î¡›$ R>¡.''v$
s¡ S> ApÐdp_y„ op_ d¡mhhy„ A_¡ L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c s\p dp¡l\u DÐ`Þ_ \sp
vy$:M_p„ ip¡L$ê$`u kpNf_¡ sfu S>hy„ s¡ S> dp_hÅs_¡ dlpd|ëe Api}hpv$ê$`u Ai¡j
k„v¡$i Ap`hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 3 L$d®ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&
37
AÝepe : 4 op_L$d® k„Þepk ep¡N
Apd AÝepe A¡L$dp„ Ar^L$pfu r_Z®e, A-2 dp„ op__y„ õhê$`, A-3 dp„
op__y„ kp^_ L¡$ dpN® sfuL¡$ L$d®ep¡N hZ®_ A_¡ A-4dp„ ApÐdop__u õsyrs s\p
op_ep¡N_y„ hZ®_ R>¡. A_¡ kp\¡ S> L$d®ep¡N_y„ sÐh L¡$ Nl_ Nrs kdÅhu R>¡. dpV¡$
AÝepe-4 _y„ _pd `Z op_L$d® k„Þepk ep¡N R>¡.
îuL©$óZ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ d¢ Ap Aìeeê$`u op_ep¡N s¡ `|h£ k|e® = rhhõhs
_pd_p fpÅ_¡ L$üp¡ lsp¡. S>epf¡ îuL$©óZ¡ L$ley„ L$¡ d¢ L$lep¡ lsp¡ A\p®s¹ L$p¡Z¡ L$lep¡
? îuL©$óZ A¡V$g¡ L$p¡Z ? îuL©$óZ AÓ¡ L$ep ×rô$tbvy$\u ArcNd\u bp¡g¡ R>¡ ?
îuL©$óZ AÓ¡ _pdApL$pf^pfu Æh sfuL¡$ bp¡gsp _\u s¡ õ`ô$ \pe R>¡ ìeqL$s
sfuL¡$ L$l¡sp _\u `Z rhfpV$ sfuL¡$ bp¡g¡ R>¡, s¡\u Ap S> op_ep¡N îuL©$óZ¡ L$l¡gp¡
A\p®s¹ õhe„ `fdpÐdpA¡ S> `|h£ k|e®_¡ D`v¡i_pfp lsp. Apd `f„`fp\u S>¡ op_
fpÅ k|e®_¡ dþey„. s¡ S> op_ `p¡sp_p `yÓ d_y_¡ L$ley„ A_¡ s¡ S> op_ d_y Üpfp
s¡_p `yÓ fpÅ Bÿhp„Ly$_¡ L$l¡hpey„, l¡ ASy>®_ ! lz„ `Z op_ Ry>„, kÐeõhê$` Ry>„. S>¡d
k|e®, d_y, Bÿhp„Ly$ bv$gpep, `Z op_ _rl s¡d dpfp _pd - ApL$pfp¡ bv$gpep
R>¡ lz„ _rl. s¡hp¡ S> Aìeh-ArhL$pfu `fdpÐdp lz„ s_¡ D`v¡$iy„ Ry>„. sy„ ip„s rQÑ¡$
îhZ L$f.
Ap op_ep¡N `f„`fp\u âpá \e¡gp¡ R>¡. op__u `f„`fp A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? s¡_p¡ Å¡
A¡hp¡ A\® L$fuA¡ L¡$ A¡L¡$buÅ_¡ L$ley„ buÅA¡ hmu ÓuÅ_¡ L¡$ AÞe_¡ L$ley„, sp¡ s¡
M|b S> dep®qv$s A\® S>Zpi¡.
s¡ `f„`fp_p¡ A\® R>¡ L¡$ îp¡sp bv$gpi¡ hL$sp bv$gpi¡ `Z op_dp„ L$p¡B afL$
`X$i¡ _rl. dyM L¡$ hL$sp bv$gphp\u op_dp„ L$p¡B A„sf Aph¡ _tl. l¡ ASy>®_ !
ApS>¡ d¢ îuL©$óZ _pd ^pfZ L$fu d¢ Ahspf gu^p¡, lz„ spfp¡ kpfr\ \B s_¡ ApS>¡
eyÙdp„ D`v¡$i Ap`y Ry>„, s¡dp„ õ\m, L$pm bv$gpep R>¡. R>sp„ op_dp„ `qfhs®_ \ey„
_\u, s¡_y„ kpsÐe s|V$ey„ _\u. s¡ S> Ap`Zu `f„`fp R>¡. d¢ `|h£ S>¡ op_ep¡N
rhhõhs_¡ L$l¡gp¡ s¡ S> s_¡ `Z L$lep¡ R>¡. Ap S> A„rsd flõe dp_S>¡. `Z epv$
fpM L¡$ sy„ dpfp¡ cL$s R>¡. s¡\u S> s_¡ Ap op_ Apàey„ R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ cL$sdp„ S>
îÙp, ifZpNrs, rióecph A_¡ _d°sp lp¡e R>¡. sy„ s¡hp¡ kpQp¡ cL$s R>¡. spfy„

38
cL$sê$`u `pÓ L$pZp hNf_y„ R>¡. hmu E^y„ `Z _\u. s¡\u S> d¢ spfp Ar^L$pf_¡
Ýep_dp„ fpMu op_v$p_ L$f¡gy„ R>¡.
Al] ASy>®__p¡ âñ R>¡ L¡$ l¡ L©$óZ ! Ap` sp¡ Ahp®Qu_ R>p¡. lpgdp„ S>
hpkyv¡$h_¡ O¡f S>Þd¡gp„ R>p¡ A_¡ rhhõhs¹ = k|e® sp¡ âpQu_ L$pm_p¡ fpÅ R>¡. s¡\u
Ap`¡ Ap op_ep¡N kye®_¡ L$lep¡ lsp¡ s¡ L„$B dpÞedp„ Aph¡ s¡hy„ _\u. ASy>®__p¡ âñ
sL®$bÝ^ R>¡, `Z d|M®sp\u kcf R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡ ifufbyqÙ\u âñ `yR>¡ R>¡ A_¡
îuL©$óZ ApÐdp_p, Bðf_p ×rô$L$p¡Z\u Dsf Ap`¡ R>¡.
îuL©$óZ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ l¡ lSy>®_ ! dpfp S>¡d A_¡L$ S>Þd \ep R>¡. s¡d spfp
`Z OZp S>Þdp¡ husu Nep„ R>¡. Ap`Z¡ b„_¡ lpgdp„ S> S>Þd¡gp„ R>uA¡ A¡hy„ _\u.
Ap `|h£ A_¡L$ Ahspfp¡ gu^p R>¡. S>¡hp L¡$ dÐõe, hfpl, _©tkl, hpd_, fpd Apqv$
s¡\u spfu S>¡ i„L$p R>¡ L¡$ lz„ `|h£ fpÅ k|e®_¡ op_ Ap`hp L$ep„\u Nep¡, s¡_y„ kdp^p_
\B Åe R>¡. lz„ sp¡ Ahspfu Ry>„¡ R>sp dpfp Ahspfp¡ A_¡L$ R>¡. c|sp¡_p Bðf sfuL¡$
lz„ r_Ðeop_, A¥ðe®, iqL$s, bm, hue® A_¡ s¡S>hpmp¡ Ry>„, s¡\u ^pfy Ðepf¡ BÃRy>
Ðepf¡ s¡hy„ ê$` gB âNV$ \B iLy„$ R>y. s¡\u lz„ `|h£ _lp¡sp¡ A¡hu i„L$p v|$f L$f A_¡
crhóedp„ `Z S>ê$f S>Zpi¡ Ðepf¡ _hp„ _hp„ ê$` ^fsp¡ S> flui. l¡ ASy>®_ ! dpfu
S>¡d spfp `Z A_¡L$ S>Þdp¡ \B Nep„ R>¡. `f„sy ""s¡ kh®_¡ lz„ ÅÏ Ry>„.'' S>epf¡
sy„ ÅZsp¡ _\u. s¡ S> Ål¡f L$f¡ R>¡ L¡$ îuL©$óZ `p¡s¡ `p¡sp_¡ Bðf sfuL¡$ ""kh®o''
Ål¡f L$f¡ R>¡. kh®o lp¡hp\u c|s, crhóe A_¡ hs®dp_ Ó¡Z¡_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡. A_¡
ASy>®__¡ sy„ _\u ÅZsp¡ L$lu ""Aë`o'' Æh v$ip®h¡ R>¡. Æhd|mdp„ sp¡ b°û S>
R>¡. ArhÛp_p„ AphfZ\u A_¡ rhn¡` iqL$s\u Æh \ep¡ R>¡. Apd b„_¡ A¡L$ R>sp
Aop_¡ Sy>v$p cpk¡ R>¡. Apd b°ûdp„ Æh_y„ cpkhy„ s¡ S> ""AÝepk'' = c°p„rs R>¡.
AÝepk_¡ gu^¡ S> c¡v$ ×íe R>¡. c¡v$ _¡ gu^¡ S> ce R>¡. op_ \sp kh® L„$B Ac¡v$
S> S>Zpe R>¡. Apd Ac¡v$_y„ v$i®_ L$fphhy„ s¡ S> A„rsd spÐ`e® R>¡. A_¡ Æh -
b°û_p¡ A¥Le_p¡ AZkpf k|ÿdbyqÙhpmp_¡ S>Zpep rh_p _l] fl¡.
îuL©$óZ¡ `p¡sp_¡ D`pr^ c¡v¡$ Bðf A_¡ r_ê$`pr^L$ ê$`¡ b°û R>¡. s¡hp¡ k„L¡$s
L$ep£. lh¡ b°ld sfuL¡$ AS>Þdp lp¡hp R>sp„ L¡$hu fus¡ S>Þd¡ R>¡ s¡ A_¡ Bðf lp¡B_¡
dpep Üpfp L¡$hu fus¡ âNV$ \pe R>¡ s¡ v$ip®h¡ R>¡.

39
îuL©$óZ¡ `p¡s¡ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ AS>Þdp Ry>„ r_fhehu A_¡ r_fpL$pf lp¡hp\u
_pifrls Ry>„. R>sp„ Å¡ hpõshdp„ dpfp¡ S>Þd _\u R>sp„ S>Zpe sp¡ s¡ S>Þd S>¡hy„
dpfy„ âNV$ \hy„ dpep Üpp S> R>¡ A_¡ s¡hu S> fus¡ dpfy„ dfhy„ A¡V$g¡ S> A„sÝep®_
\hy„, s¡ `Z dpep Üpfp S> R>¡. ASy>®__p„ kpf\u sfuL¡$ kpdpÞe dp_hu_y„ õhê$`
^f¡gy„, S>epf¡ A¡ S> ASy>®__u âp\®_p\u rhðê$` L¡$ rhfpV$ê$` `Z ^pfZ L$f¡gy„ S>epf¡
S>Þd kde¡ v¡$hL$uA¡ îuL©$óZ_¡ i„M, Q¾$hpmp, Qsyc|®S> `Z Å¡e¡gp„ R>¡. Apd
`p¡sp_u BÃR>p\u ^pf¡ s¡ kde¡ BÃR>¡ s¡ ê$`dp„ L$p¡B âep¡S>_ dpV¡$ BÃR>¡ s¡ õ\m¡
`p¡sp_¡ dpep Üpfp âNV$ L$f¡ R>¡. s¡ S> Ahspf L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ l¡sy dpV¡$ Ahspf
^pfZ L$ep£ lp¡e s¡ `|Z® \ep `R>u dpep k„L¡$gu A„sÝep®_ \pe s¡hy„ A×íe L¡$
AâNV$ \hy„ dpÓ Bðfdp„ S> iL$e R>¡. R>sp„ kpdpÞé, gp¥L$uL$ ×rô$A¡ s¡_¡ dyÐey
kdS>¡ R>¡.
ev$p ev$p L$lu_¡ cNhp_¡ kh® i„L$pAp¡ kdpá L$fu v$u^u R>¡. Ahspfhpv$
bpbsdp„ kp¥A¡ dyL$s d_\u rhQpfhy„, ×rô$_¡ hpX$p, h„X$u, lh¡gu L¡$ k„âv$pe_u
v$uhpgdp„ L¡$v$ _ L$fhu. _l] sp¡ ^d® _ô$ \i¡, ^d® T_|_ bQu S>i¡. `fdpÐdp
A×íe \i¡ _¡ â¡sp¡_u c|sphm c|rd`f bQi¡. s¡\u L$v$u L$p¡BA¡ dpÓ i„L$f,
rhóÏ, õhpdu klÅ_„v$ îufpd, L©$óZ, S> Ahspf R>¡. A_¡ AÞe _rl s¡hp¡
rhMhpv$ _ sp¡ Ecp¡ L$fhp¡ _ s¡dp„ `X$hy„. S>ep„ `„\p„`\u Ðep„ `fd¡ðf _tl. S>ep„
L$gl Ðep„ L$us®_ L¡$ qL$fspf s¡\u kp¥A¡ rhQpfhy„ L¡$ S>epf¡ S>epf¡ ^d®_u lp_u \i¡
A^d®_u h©qÙ \i¡ Ðepf¡ îuL©$óZ Ahspf g¡i¡ s¡d _rl, `Z Ðepf¡ Ðepf¡ S>¡ L$p¡B
A^d®_p _pi dpV¡$ A_¡ ^d®_u fnp L$pS>¡ Ahsfi¡ s¡ îuL©$óZ S> li¡. AÞe L$p¡B
_rl. `R>u cg¡ s¡ b°ûp„X$_u Nd¡ s¡ c|rd lp¡e, Nd¡ s¡ L$pm lp¡e L$pfZ Bðf_¡
_\u b„^_ v¡$i_y„, _\u kudp L$p¡B L$pm_u.
`fd î¡e sfa gB Åe s¡ S> r_Ðe ^d® R>¡. s¡_u fnp dpV¡$ _l] Ahsf¡
sp¡ Ahsfi¡ L$epf¡? Apd R>sp„ ^d®â¡du ^dp®_yfpNu L¡$ ^d®fnL$p¡ dpV¡$ `Z cNhp_
Ahspf g¡i¢ s¡hy„ k|Qh¡ R>¡. hmu `p`uAp¡_p„ rh_pi dpV¡$ lz„ S>Þdy„ Ry>„. AÓ¡
`p`uAp¡_p„ k„lpf A¡V$g¡ `p`u ìeqL$s_p¡ _l]. s¡d_u `p`u d_p¡h©rÑ_p¡ s¡dS> vy$ô$p¡_p¡
k„lpf _rl `Z S>Ns_u kdpS>_u ìerL$s_u, vy$ô$_u vy$ô$sp_p¡, vy$óL©$Ðe L$fph_pfu
h©rs_p¡ k„lpf L$fhp lz„ S>Þd gD Ry>„. s¡hy„ S> sÐhp\£ kdS>hp_y„ R>¡. L$pfZ L©$óZ sp¡
õ\|m ×rô$A¡ f\_p kpfr\ R>¡, s¡\u i÷ hNf_p R>¡ s¡\u k„lpf_u hps ep¡Áe
_\u.
40
sÐhp\£ rhh¡L$ byqÙê$`u kpf\u R>¡. S>Nv¹$Nyfy sfuL¡$ î¡ep\® kpfr\ R>¡. A„sfepdu
sfuL¡$ d_, byqÙ, B[ÞÖep¡_p kpfr\ R>¡. S>¡ kdpS> L¡$ k„kpf_u vy$ô$sp_¡, `p`uh©rÑ_¡
lZ¡ R>¡. s¡ S> s¡hp L$d®\u S> ^d®_u õ\p`_p L$f¡ R>¡, A^d®_p¡ _pi L$f¡ R>¡. Å¡
cNhp_ L$p¡B_p„ ifuf\u M|b `p` \sy„ lp¡e A_¡ s¡ ìers_¡ `p`\u dyL$s L$fhp
dp„N¡ sp¡ `p` L$f_pfp ifuf\u R>p¡X$phu `y_S>Þd dpN£ dp¡L$g¡ sp¡ s¡dp„ `p` L$ep® ?
Af¡ ^d®_u fnp L$pS>¡ S>¡ L$p¡B A^d® a¡gph¡ s¡d_¡ AV$L$phhp, s¡ S> ^d®_u fnp R>¡.
A^d®_p„ _pi_p¡ fõsp¡ `Z ^prd®L$ S> lp¡hp¡ Å¡BA¡. s¡ S> kpQu ^d®õ\p`_p R>¡.
cNhp__p¡ S>Þd qv$ìe R>¡ A\p®s iy„ ?
qv$ìe_p¡ A\® R>¡ Agp¥qL$L$ S>Þd. kpdpÞe Æhp¡ S>Nsdp„ S>Þd¡ R>¡. L$d®_p am
cp¡Nhhp A_¡ hpk_p `|Z® L$fhp, s¡ S>Þd gp¥qL$L$ R>¡. Bðf S>¡ D`pr^\u dyL$s s¡
sp¡ `|Z®b°û S> R>¡. s¡ S>ÞddyÐey\u `f lp¡hp R>sp„ `p¡sp_¡ dpep Üpfp âNV$ph¡ R>¡
s¡d_p¡ S>¡ Ahspfê$`¡ S>Þd R>¡. s¡_p¡ l¡sy sp¡ dpÓ kp^y cL$s `f A_yN°l L$fhp_p¡
^d®_u õ\p`_p L$fhp_p¡, A^prd®L$ A_¡ vy$ô$h©rÑ_p¡ k„lpf L$fhp_p¡ R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡hp
l¡sy dpV¡$_p¡ S>Þd Agp¥qL$L$ L¡$ qv$ìe L$l¡hpe R>¡. A_pqv$ A_„s - AS>Þdp ApÐdp
`f A_¡L$ Ahspfp¡ê$`u S>Þd cpk¡ R>¡. ifufp¡ ìeL$s \pe AìeL$s \pe Ahspfp¡
Aph¡ A_¡ Åe, `Z Ar^›$p_ ApÐdp _\u Aphsp¡ _\u S>sp¡.
`|h£_p ïgp¡L$dp„ sÐh\u cNhp__p„ S>Þd, L$d® ÅZhp_u hps \B Al] S>Zph¡
R>¡ L¡$ L¡$V$gpe d_¡ op_ê$`u s` Apv$fu_¡ dpfp krÃQv$p_„v$ õh`_¡ âpá L$fu Q|L$ep„
R>¡. `Z op_ê$`u s` L$fhy„ L¡$hu fus¡ ? sp¡ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ fpN, ce A_¡ ¾$p¡^ frls
\B dpÓ dpfp dp„S> sëgu_ \ep R>¡ A¡hp Ac¡v$cph¡ îhZ, d__, r_rv$Ýepk_\u
dpÓ dpfy„ S> Ýep_ ^fu dpfp¡ S> = ApÐdp_p¡ S> rhQpf L¡$ tQs_ L$fu ApÐdpcph¡
S>¡ [õ\f \pe R>¡ s¡ S> op_ê$`u s` L$f¡ R>¡.
ce\u dyqL$s L¡$hu fus¡ dm¡ ?
â\d âñ R>¡ ce L$p¡_¡ L$l¡hpe ! b¡ ìeqL$s _¡ ce R>¡.
(1) S>¡ fpNu R>¡ ApkL$s R>¡. k„pkfdp„ s¡_¡ ce R>¡ L¡$ dpfy„ A¡L$Ó L$f¡gy„ ^_
L$p¡B gB g¡i¡ dpfp v$uL$fp - v$uL$fuAp¡_y„ Arls \i¡, ANf s¡d_p k„b„^dp„ dpfy„
^pey® _rl \pe, sp¡ d_¡ vy$:M_p¡ ce R>¡. hmu S>¡_¡ fpN R>¡. ârs›$pdp„ s¡_¡ r_Ðe
r_f„sf ce R>¡. ârs›$p c„N_p¡ AÓ¡ op_ê$`u s` L$fhp cefrls \hp_y„ s¡_p¡ A\®
41
S> R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ `yÓ¡ÃR>p, rhÑ¡ÃR>p, gp¡L¡$ÃR>p\u dyL$s R>¡ s¡_¡ _\u ce ârs›$pc„N_p¡,
Aâprá_p¡ L¡$ g|„V$pB S>hp_p¡ A\p®s S>¡ fpNdyL$s R>¡ s¡ cedyL$s R>¡.
(2) S>¡_u ×rô$dp„ c¡v$ R>¡ s¡_¡ S> ce S>Zpe R>¡. S>¡_¡ ip÷ îhZ L¡$
ApÐdrhQpf\u kh®dp„ ApÐdp S> v¡$Mpe R>¡ s¡_¡ `p¡sp_p¡ ce L¡$hp¡ ? Apd fpNu +
c¡v$ ×rô$hpmp_¡ ce R>¡.
¾$p¡^\u dyL$s L$p¡Z \B iL¡$ ? L¡$hu fus¡ ? ¾$p¡^ S>Þd¡ L$epf¡ ?
S>¡ hõsy, ìeqL$s L¡$ `qf[õ\rsdp„ fpN L¡$ ApkqL$s lp¡e s¡dp„\u L$p¡B A¡L$ `Z
s¡_¡ _ dm¡, ANf s¡ âpá L$fhpdp„ rhÂ_ Aph¡ sp¡ ¾$p¡^ S>Þd¡. `Z S>¡_¡ L$p¡B `Z
õ\m¡ fpN _\u, ApkqL$s _\u, s¡_p dpV¡$ _\u L„$B rhÂ_ S>¡hy„ S>Zpsy„ A_¡ fpN
S> S>ep„ _\u Ðep„ L„$B dm¡ sp¡e iy„ ? A_¡ _ dm¡ sp¡e iy„ ? s¡hu h©rsdp„ ¾$p¡^_u
iL$esp _\u.
îuL©$óZ_u _S>fdp„ fpNu r_b®m R>¡, rhfpNu rhL©$s R>¡, L$pfZ L¡$ ^_dp„ L¡$
÷udp„ S>¡_¡ fpN R>¡ s¡ sp¡ kss s¡_y„ tQs_ L$f¡ R>¡, s¡ kdÅe R>¡, `Z S>¡_¡ ^_dp„
rhfpN R>¡ s¡ ^__p„ õ`i®\u cX$L¡$ R>¡ ? ^_\u v|$f cpN¡ R>¡ A_¡ s¡hy„ S> S>¡_¡ ÷u\u
rhfpN R>¡ s¡ ÷u Å¡B cecus \B, s¡\u v|$f _pk¡ R>¡. b„_¡dp„ v$p¡X$ R>¡. b„_¡dp„
^_ A_¡ ÷u_y„ S> tQs_ R>¡ sp¡ a¡f L$ep„ ? a¡f A¡V$gp¡ S> L¡$ ^_ A_¡ ÷udp„
ApkL$s \B `p¡s¡ `p¡sp_¡ fp¡L$u _ iL¡$ s¡ fpNu r_b®m R>¡. S>epf¡ rhfpNu s¡ b„_¡\u
v|$f v$p¡X¡$ R>¡ b„_¡_¡ d_dp„ L¡$v$ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡\u s¡ rhL©$s R>¡. ApÐdõhê$`dp„ rõ\f \hy„
A¡V$g¡ S> õhpõÕe âpá L$fhy„ A_¡ s¡ dpV¡$ fpNu_u r_b®msp L¡$ rhfpNu_u rhL©$rs
b„_¡ ÐepNhu `X$i¡. sp¡ S> kpQp husfpNu \hpi¡. husfpN A¡V$g¡ S> L$p¡B `Z
qv$ip rh_p_u v$ip, s¡ S> ApÐdv$ip, Aphu d_ rh_p_u ApÐdv$ip s¡ S> op_ê$`u
s` R>¡, S>¡ Üpfp OZp kpnpÐdpf_¡ `pçep R>¡.
""dÞdep'' \hp\u S> op_ê$`u s` \B iL¡$ R>¡. dÞdep \hy„ A¡V$g¡ îuL©$óZ
L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ dyS> b°ûê$` \hy,„ d_¡ AÞ_e cph¡ cS>hy„, s¡\u kh®Ó, A„v$f, blpf,
ìeqL$s, hõsy L¡$ v$f¡L$ `qfrõ\rsdp„ b°û_y„ S> v$i®_ L$f¡ R>¡.
Aphy„ op_ê$`u s` Al„L$pf `f r_c®f _\u. Al„L$pfê$`u s`dp„ s`_y„, Al„L$pf_y„
âv$i®_ dpÓ R>¡. S>ep„ D`hpkuAp¡_p„ rQÓp¡ R>p`pdp„ R>`pe, s`õhuAp¡_p„ hfOp¡X$p
42
_uL$m¡, s` L$f_pf_¡ lp\u Op¡X¡$ b¡kpX$u s¡d_p¡ S>eS>eL$pf L$fhpdp„ Aph¡, Aphp¡
Al„L$pf_¡ `yô$ L$f_pfp¡, ârs›$p A`ph_pfp¡ Mp¡fpL$ S>¡_¡ dm¡ R>¡ s¡ ifuf_¡ cy¿ey„
sfõey„ fpMhp ggQpe R>¡. L$v$u rhõdfZ _ \pe L¡$ ifuf, L$pep L¡$ v¡$l_y„ v$d_
L$fhp\u b„^__p¡ âñ, A`|Z®sp_u cph_p L¡$ Aip„rs_p¡ A_ych S>¡ d_ Üpfp `¡v$p
\ep„ R>¡. s¡_p¡ L$v$u L$p¡B r_L$pg gphu iL$i¡ _l]. R>sp„ S>¡_p¡ Al„L$pf S>¡V$gp¡ h^y
L$W$p¡f s¡V$gu S> L$W$p¡f s`òep® s¡ L$fu iL¡$ R>¡. `Z s¡\u Al„L$pf S> dS>b|s \pe
R>¡. S>epf¡ op_ê$`u s` Apv$f¡ R>¡, s¡ Qpf fõsp hÃQ¡ L¡$ Ål¡fdp„ kdpr^ L¡$ Ýep_dp„
_ sp¡ âvi®_ ep¡S>¡ R>¡, _ s`_p âv$i®_ dpV¡$ âhpk-epÓpAp¡ L¡$ hfOp¡X$p L$pY¡$ R>¡.
îuL©$óZ ky„v$f kdp^p_ Ap`¡ R>¡. b°ûê$`¡ lz„ kh®de Ry>„. kh®ìepá Ry>„, s¡\u
Nd¡ s¡_¡ `|S>_pfp, cS>_pfp A„s¡ d_¡ S> cS>¡ R>¡, R>sp„ rcÞ_ am d¡mh¡ R>¡.
s¡dp„s¡d_u cph_p S>hpbv$pf R>¡. dyS> `fb°û_¡ _\u `n`ps L¡$ _\u L$p¡B rhjdsp.
gp¡L$p¡_u b°ûop_dp„ L¡$ D`pk_pdp„ Sy>v$u Sy>v$u Arcê$rQ R>¡ s¡_y„ L$pfZ kp¥_p
NyZ A_¡ L$d® R>¡. Apd v$f¡L$_¡ NyZ A_¡ L$d® âdpZ¡ Sy>v$u Sy>v$u âL©$rs L¡$ õhcph
âpá R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡d_u cqL$s D`pk_p L¡$ op_dp„ c¡v$ R>¡ v$f¡L$dp„ kÐh, fS>k,
sdk NyZ_y„ rdîZ fl¡gy„ R>¡.
(1) b°pûZ L$p¡Z ? - S>¡_pdp„ kÐh NyZ âcphipmu lp¡e, buÅ b¡ NyZp¡
Np¥Z lp¡e s¡ b°pû L$l¡hpe R>¡. sÐhp\£ sp¡ S>¡ r_Ðe _f„sf b°ûdp„ fdZ L$f¡ s¡
b°pûZ. b°pûZ_p¡ k„b„^ v¡$i, ifuf, kdpS> kp\¡ _lu `Z NyZ A_¡ L$d® kp\¡
R>¡.
(2) nrÓe L$p¡Z ? - S>¡_pdp„ kÐhNyZ rb_âcphipmu L¡$ Np¥Z lp¡e
s¡\u S> fS>k S>epf¡ kÐhNyZ_¡ v$bph¡ A_¡ `p¡s¡ S> ìeqL$s_p¡ L$bÅ¡ g¡ Ðepf¡
fS>kNyZ_p âcphipmu ìeqL$s_¡ nqÓe L$l¡ R>¡. nrÓe A¡V$g¡ fS>kNyZ + ip¥e®,
s¡S> ^¥e®, kÑp_u gpgkp A_¡ fpS>L$ue L$d®_u h©rÑ. Aphp S>¡ L$p¡B lp¡e s¡ S>
nqÓe.
(3) h¥íe L$p¡Z ? - S>¡_pdp„ fS>kNyZ âcphipmu R>¡. `Z A¡V$gp¡ âbm
_\u L¡$ kÐhNyZ_¡ v$bphu v¡$, `Z sdk¹ NyZ_¡ v$bphu v¡$_pfp¡ fS>k¹ S>¡_pdp„ âbm
R>¡ s¡hu ìeqL$s L¡$ S>¡_p L$d®dp„ ^„^p¡, ìep`pf, Np¥fnp Apqv$ R>¡, `Z _S>f l„d¡ip„
_ap sfa R>¡ s¡hp_¡ h¥íe L$l¡ R>¡.
43
(4) iyÖ L$p¡Z ? - S>¡_pdp„ sdk¹ NyZ kp¥\u âcphipmu A_¡ A¡V$gp¡
âbm R>¡ L¡$ bpL$u b„_¡_¡ v$bphu v¡$ R>¡. s¡hp sdk¹_p¡ Ahspf kdp¡ L¡$ spdrkL$
rhQpfhpmp¡, spdrkL$ L$d®hpmp¡, ìeqL$s iyÖ L$l¡hpe R>¡. Aphp iyÖp¡ S>Þd¡ `¡v$p \sp„
_\u `Z NyZL$d®\u dpÓ BrÞÖep¡_u s©rá A\£ S> Æh_pfp cg¡ b°pûZ Ly$mdp„
SÞd¡gp„ lp¡e sp¡ `Z s¡ kp¥ iyÖ S> R>¡.
Apd, cNhv¹$Nusp_u hZ®ìehõ\pdp„ L¡$ cNhp__u _S>fdp„ L$ep„e L$p¡B
JQ_]Q_p c¡v$ _\u. hZp£dp„ L$p¡B ¾$d _\u L¡$ b°pûZ â\d L¡$ iyÖ A„rsd,
Qpf¡edp„ kdp_sp R>¡. S>¡d ùv$e, dNS>, a¡akp„ A_¡ S>W$f Qpf¡e A¡L$buÅ_p„
ArhcpS>e A„N R>¡, A¡L$ rh_p AÞe_y„ A[õsÐh S> _\u. v$p.s. ùv$e L$pd _ L$f¡
sp¡ ? `Z ùv$e_¡ âpZhpey sp¡ a¡akp„ S> `|fp¡ `pX¡$ R>¡ _¡ ? `Z a¡akp„_p L$pe®_y„
r_e„ÓZ sp¡ dNS> L$f¡ R>¡ _¡ ? Af¡ ! S>W$f Å¡ Mp¡fpL$ _ `Qph¡ sp¡ L$p¡B_¡ iqL$s
S> _ dm¡ ! bk, Apd Ahehp¡ S>¡d, Ap`Zp kdpS>, v¡$i A_¡ dp_h Ås dpV¡$
Qpf¡ hZp£ A¡L$buÅ_p `|fL$ R>¡, Qpf¡ hZp£ A¡L$buÅ\u ArhcpS>e R>¡ kp¥_y„ kfMy„
S> dlÒh R>¡. R>sp„ S>¡ c¡v$ R>¡ s¡ S> A¥L$edp„ NyZ A_¡ L$d®_y„ h¥rhÝe R>¡ A_¡
h¥rhÝedp„ `Z A¥L$e R>¡. Apd sÐhp\£ sp¡ L$p¡B c¡v$ _\u R>sp„ L¡$V$gp„L$ kõsu
ârs›$p_u ip¡^dp„ `X¡$gp„ fpS>L$pfZuAp¡A¡ c¡v$cph_p¡ âQpf Å¡fip¡f\u Qgpìep¡ R>¡.
A_¡ s¡hp S> sL$hpv$u cpX|$su k„sp¡A¡ `Z bydbfpX$p L$ep® R>¡. s¡\u L„$B
cNhv¹$Nusp_¡ îuL©$óZ_p D`v¡$i_¡ L„$B S> Akf \su _\u `Z s¡hp gp¡L$p¡ `p¡sp_y„
Aop_ S> v$ip®h¡ R>¡. îuL©$óZ_u õ`ô$sp R>¡ L¡$ Qpf hZp£_u fQ_p cg¡ d¢ L$fu
R>¡ R>sp„ lz„ _\u s¡_p¡ L$sp® L¡$ _\u L$d®_p¡ d_¡ õ`i®, lz„ sp¡ r_fpL$pf, r_fhehu
A_¡ r_[ó¾$e Ry>„.
Nl_p L$d®Z: Nrs: - L$d®Nrs Nl_ R>¡. s¡_p¡ A\® rhL$d® A_¡ AL$d®_u kpQu
kdS> `Z Nl_ R>¡ s¡hp¡ S> A\® R>¡. Aphp k„L¡$s_p¡ A\® A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ dydynyA¡,
kp^L¡$ A\hp L$d®_p Ar^L$pfuA¡ ip÷ ApQpe® L¡$ op_u_u dv$v$\u L$d®_p¡ dd®
DL$¡gu g¡hp¡ Å¡BA¡. Æh_ S>qV$g kdõepAp¡_u lpfdpmp R>¡. s¡\u L$d®_p¡ r_Z®e,
v¡$i, L$pm, Apîd Apqv$_p k„v$c®dp„ ip„rs\u g¡hp¡. Dsphm¡ L$d®_y„ sÐh kdÅi¡
_rl. L$pfZ L¡$ ^_ k„N°l A_¡ âÅ¡Ð`rs N©lõ\ dpV¡$ ^d® R>¡. S>epf¡ s¡ S> ^d®
k„Þepku_¡ ÐepS>e NÎep¡ R>¡ dpV$¡ S> L$üy„ L¡$ L$d®_u Nrs Nl_ R>¡.

44
AL$d®-kpdpÞe dpÞesp dyS>b L„$B _ L$fhy„ L¡$ dp¥_ s¡ AL$d® R>¡. eo, lp¡d,
lh__¡ OZp L$d® dp_¡ R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$ h¡v¡$ S>Zh¡gp L$dp£®\u `p¡sp_¡ ìeqL$s ^prd®L$ dp_¡
R>¡. R>sp„ s¡ ìerL$s dp„k Mpe, tlkp L$f¡, Sy>Npf fd¡, v$pê$ `uA¡ A\p®s¹ h¡v¡$ S>¡_p¡
r_j¡^ L$ep£ R>¡ s¡_y„ `pg_ _ L$f¡ R>sp„ `|Å, `pW$ lp¡d, lh_ L$f¡ s¡ L$d®_p¡ dd®
kdS>ep¡ _\u s¡d OZp L„$B L$fhp_p¡ BÞL$pf L$f¡ A_¡ dp¥_u \B `p¡sp_¡ ""AL$d®''
dp„ Ahspf dp_¡ sp¡ s¡ c°p„rs R>¡. hpõshdp„ _\u Ap`Z¡ L$d®dp„ Æhsp L¡$ _\u
AL$d®dp„ Æh_ Æhhp_u L$mp ÅZsp. Ap`Z¡ sp¡ r_f„sf ÆhuA¡ R>uA¡.
ârsq¾$epdp„ q¾$epdp„ L$v$u _l]. Ap`Z_¡ kÞdp_ dm¡ sp¡ Al„L$pf awgpe R>¡, A`dp_
\pe sp¡ Al„L$pf R>hpe R>¡. â¡d dm¡ sp¡ NmNmp \B S>BA¡ R>uA¡, Apd S>¡
ârsq¾$ep râe lp¡e s¡_y„ `y_fphs®_ L$fhp âh©s \BA¡.
S>¡ Arâe R>¡ s¡_¡ sfR>p¡X$hp s¥epf \BA¡ R>uA¡..... Ap kh® Ap`Zu ârsq¾$ep
S> R>¡. Æh_ ârsq¾$ep_u lpfdpmp R>¡. ârsq¾$ep frls Æh_ s¡ S> kpQy klS> L$d®
R>¡. dpÓ op_u S> klS> L$d® L$fu iL¡$ ANf AL$d®dp„ Æhu iL¡$ R>¡.
cNhp_ byÙ b¡W$p R>¡. kcp ip„s R>¡. kcp rhMfpB, kp¥ A¡L$ `Ru A¡L$ v$i®_
L$fu_¡ Åe R>¡, A¡L$ eyhp_ Apìep¡. v$i®_ - _d_ - rh_p kpd¡ Dcp¡ füp¡
cNhp__p dp¡ D`f \|„¼ep¡. byÙ¡ dp¢ kpa L$fu `|R¹>ey„ - ""lh¡ buSy> iy„ L$l¡hy„ R>¡.''
eyhp_ rhõde `pç`p¡¡. d¢ sp¡ L„$B L$ley„ S> _\u cNhp_ byÙ_p„ rióep¡_¡ Apòe®
\ey„. cNhp_¡ L„$B S> _ L$üy„. kp¥_p Apòe®_p¡ `¡gp eyhp__p rhõde_p¡ DÑf
Ap`sp cNhp_ bp¡ëep L¡$ Å¡ lz„ s¡_p \|„L$hp_p¡ DÑf ¾$p¡^dp„ Ap`y„ sp¡ d¢ ârsq¾$ep
L$fu L$l¡hpe. sp¡ sp¡ d¢ dpfp d__u Nygpdu õhuL$pfu L$l¡hpe. lz„ dpfp d__p¡ dprgL$
Ry>„. s¡\u d_ k|Qh¡ s¡hy„ ârsq¾$epê$`u L$d® sp¡ Lfsp¡ _\u, `Z d__¡ L¡$ Al„pf_¡
gpN¡gp ApOps A`dp_ L¡$ `X¡$gp Np¡bp_¡ lz„ Å¡ep L$fy„ Ry>„ buÅ_p hp„L¡$ `p¡sp_¡ kÅ
L$f_pf d|M® lz„ _\u. ârsq¾$ep frls Æh_ Æh¡ s¡ dpÓ L$d® L$fsp¡ _\u `Z klS>
L$d®dp„ Æh¡ R>¡. S>¡ L$d® Al„L$pf â¡qfs _\u. S>¡dp„ L$sp®cph _\u q¾$ep \pe R>sp„
s¡_p¡ k„N L¡$ õ`®i S> _ \pe, s¡hp L$d®_¡ AL$d® L$l¡hpe,
Ld®dp„ AL$d® Å¡hy„ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ?
L$d®dp„ AL$d®_p„ v$i®_ A¡V$g¡ ifuf B[ÞÖe Üpfp L$d® L$fhp R>sp„ kdS>hy„ L¡$ lz„
sp¡ kv$p kh®v$p Aq¾$e, r_ró¾$e ArhL©$s, A`qfhs®_iug A_¡ AL$d® ApÐd õhê$`
45
S> Ry>„. Aphy„ L$d® rhi¡_y„ op_ dpÓ op_u_y„ S> lp¡e R>¡. op_u_u sdpd âh©rs S>¡hu
v¡$Mpsu hs®Ï„L$ A„s¡ sp¡ r_h©rs S> R>¡. op_u_p Æh_dp„ _\u hpk_p_p¡ L$p¡gplg
_\u L$pd_p_p rL$ëgp bp„^hp_u âh©rs, _\u k„L$ë`p¡_y„ kS>®_ _\u v¡$l, B[ÞÖe_p
L$d® kp\¡ k„N L¡$ ApkqL$s _\u. ""lz„ L$sp® Ry>„.'' s¡hy„ Arcdp_, _\u füp¡
cp¡L$spcph, s¡\u S> b^y cp¡Nhu s¡ cp¡Nsp _\u. kh® L$B L$fsp¡ lp¡hp R>sp„ L$sp®
_\u. op_u ifufdp„ _\u ifuf kp\¡ _\u R>sp ifuf s¡_p Ap^pf¡ Æh¡ R>¡. op_u
sp¡ Ap^pf R>¡, Ar^›$p_ R>¡. ifuf_p¡ ApL$pf A_¡ _pd Apfp¡` R>¡. Aphy ÅZhy„
L¡$ Apfp¡`_u âh©rÑ L¡$ L$d®_u Ar^›$p_ g¡idpÓ q¾$epiug \sy _\u. gp¡lQ|„bL$,
`pk¡ `X¡$gu kp¡edp„ lg_Qg_ `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. R>sp„ `p¡s¡ ArhQm R>¡. Apd op_u_p
L$d®dp„ AL$d® Å¡hp s¡ S> A„rsd D`v¡$i R>¡ L$d®_u Nl_ Nrs_p¡.
cNhv¹$Nusp_p¡ dlÐh_p¡ k„v¡$i L¡$ â¡iL$ b_p¡, Ap`Zu Alr_®i Qpgsu
q¾$ep_p A_¡ Å¡ip¡ L¡$ q¾$ep_p¡ õ`i® `Z Ap`Z_¡ \B iL¡$ s¡d _\u, A_¡ R>sp„
q¾$ep b„^ Ap`Z¡ L$fsp _\u. ApS> R>¡ L$d® L$fhp R>sp„, am õhuL$pfhp R>sp„ AL$d®
ApÐdõhê$`dp„ fl¡hp_u L$mp, L$d® ÐepNhp_u S>ê$f _\u. dpÓ L$sp®cph ÐepNhp\u
S> ApÐdõhê$`dp„ rõ\s \hpe R>¡.
AL$d®dp„ L$d® v$i®_ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ?
r_h©rÑdp„ âh©rs_¡ Å¡hu s¡_p¡ sÐhp\® A¡ S> \pe R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdp_u r_ró¾$espdp„
`Z kss kq¾$esp fl¡gu R>¡.
S>¡d kye® ApL$pidp„ [õ\f R>¡. s¡ hpõshdp„ L„$B S> L$fsp¡ _\u. s¡ s¡_y„ AL$d®
S> R>¡. R>sp„ byqÙipmu kdS>¡ R>¡ L¡$ k|e®cg¡ L„$B _ L$f¡ R>sp„ s¡ R>¡, dpV¡$ S> hfkpv$
Aph¡ R>¡ fps A_¡ qv$hk \pe R>¡ s¡_p âL$pi\u S> h_õ`rs S>Ns_¡ h©qÙ âpá
\pe R>¡. A_pS> DN¡ R>¡. A_pS> Mphp\u S> gp¡lu, hue® Apqv$ b_¡ R>¡ A_¡
âÅ¡Ð`rÑ \pe R>¡. A\p®s¹ kdN° k„kpf Qpg¡ R>¡. Apd k|e® L„$B L$fsp¡ _\u R>sp„
b^y S> s¡_p Üpfp \pe R>¡. s¡hu kdS> A¡V$g¡ S> kye®_p AL$d®dp„ - r_[ó¾$espdp„
L$d® Å¡hp L¡$ ÅZhp S>¡hy„ R>¡.

46
ÐeL$ÐhpL$d®agpkNd¹ -
L$d® am_u ApkqL$s L¡$ A`¡np ÐeÆ_¡ L$d® L$f_pfp¡ L$d® L$f¡ R>¡. R>sp„ ""L„$B
S> L$fsp¡ _\u'' A¡V$g¡ iy„ ?
L$d®_u Nl_ Nrs A¡hu R>¡ L¡$ L$d®_p¡ ÐepN _ \pe, L$pfZ L¡$ Aop_u_p¡ s¡dp„S>
Ar^L$pf R>¡. D`fp„s Æh_epÓp dpV¡$ L$d® sp¡ \hp_p„ S> sp¡ `R>u L$d®_p am Bðf
Ap`¡ R>¡, s¡\u s¡_p¡ ÐepN `Z L$fhp L$p¡B õhs„Ó _\u. am sp¡ BÃR>p¡ L¡$ _ BÃR>p¡
dmhp_p„ S> Apd _ ÐépNu iL$pe L$d® _ ÐeÅe am. _\u b„^_ L$d®\u L¡$ _\u
am\u b„^_, vy:M lspip„ R>¡.
dpÓ am_u A`¡np\u, Bô$ L¡$ BrÃR>s am_u ApkqL$s\u, dpV¡$ Å¡ ÐepNhp_y„
lp¡e L„$B `Z sp¡ s¡ dpÓ L$d®am_u A`¡np S> R>¡.
AM„X$ b°ûcphdp„ _\u L„$B L$d® L¡$ AL$d®_p„ c¡v$ S>¡ L„$B R>¡ s¡ b°ûp`®Z ê$`u
Æh_ R>¡. S>ep„ b°û\u rcÞ_ L„$B S> _\u OZp„ S>dsu hMs¡ cp¡S>_ `|h£ Ap
ïgp¡L$ bp¡g¡ R>¡.
b°ldp`®Z„ b°ld lrhb°®ldpÔ_p¥ b°ldZp lsd¹ —&
b°ld¥h s¡_ NÞsìe„ b°ldL$d® kdpr^_p —&&
S>¡ eo_y„ ârsL$ R>¡, b°û ×rô$_p¡ = Ac¡v$ ×rô$_p¡ k„L¡$s R>¡. cp¡S>__p„ `v$p\p£
b°û R>¡. lp\ S>¡_p\u L$p¡rmep cfu dp¡dp„ dyL$pe R>¡. s¡ lp\ b°û R>¡. dp¡, v$p„s S>¡
Mp¡fpL$ Qph¡ R>¡ s¡ b°û R>¡. S>¡ rS>l¹hp A_¡ d_ õhpv$ g¡ R>¡, cp¡L$sp b_¡ R>¡ s¡
b°û R>¡. S>¡ S>W$fpr‚dp„ Mp¡fpL$ Åe R>¡ s¡ b°û R>¡. Mp¡fpL$ `Qphu _¡ S>¡ gp¡lu,
iqL$s L¡$ hue® b_¡ s¡ b°û R>¡. sp¡ `R>u S>¡ iqL$s\u Ahehp¡ L$d® L$f¡ s¡ L$d® b°û
_\u s¡hy„ L¡$d L$l¡hpe ! Apd, v$f¡L$ L$d® b°û S> R>¡. sp¡ s¡_y„ am S> b°û _ lp¡e,
A„s¡ sp¡ kh® L$d®, L$sp®, L$fZ, am_y„ Ar^›$p_ b°û S> R>¡. S>¡ s¡ b°ûcph\u L$d®
L$f¡ R>¡. s¡_¡ Apfp¡` S>¡hp L$sp®, am, L$d® L¡$ L$fZ _\u. õ`i® Lfsp _\u bp„^sp
s¡\u s¡hp¡ op_u kv$p dyL$s S> R>¡.
op_u L$d®\u dyL$s R>¡. s¡_¡ L$d® AL$d® S>¡hy„ L„$B S> _\u L$d® _ L$fhp_u S>¡d
õhs„Ósp R>¡. s¡d Å¡ b°ûcph\u L$d®_¡ S> b°û kdÆ, b°ûL$d® ê$`u kdpr^dp„ d‚
\B iL¡$ sp¡ hp„^p¡ _\u.
47
v¡$hspAp¡_u s©rá A\£ \pe, s¡ v¥$heo R>¡. ""lz„ Æh R>y„.'' s¡hu ArhÛphpmp¡,
kp¥`pr^L$, ApÐdp R>¡. s¡_u Apl©$rs b°ûê$`u eodp„ L$fu, Æh-b°û A¥L$e_y„ v$i®_
L$fhpê$`u S> eo L¡$V$gpL$ L$f¡ R>¡. Aphp eo_¡ Al„L$pf lp¡dhpê$` `Z L$l¡hpe.
L¡$V$gpL¡$ k„edê$$`u Ar‚dp„ B[ÞÖep¡_¡ lp¡dhpê$` eo L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u B[ÞÖep¡_p rhjep¡
s¡_¡ bp„^sp _\u. ApÐdk„ed ep¡Ndp„ d_ S>epf¡ ApÐdpdp„ ge `pd¡ R>¡, Ðepf¡ s¡_u
BrÞÖe A_¡ âpZ_u q¾$epAp¡ âpZ-ìep_, kdp_pqv$ `Z _pk `pd¡ R>¡.
Alu lh¡ R> âL$pf_p eo S>Zph¡ R>¡ :
(1) Öìe eo - Ap`Zu Ap„sqfL$ A_¡ bpü S>Ns_u k„`rÑ_¡ kdpS>_p
QfZ¡ kd`®Z L$fhu s¡ Öìeeo S> R>¡.
(2) s`p¡eo - L$p¡B s`_¡ eo dp_u_¡, rQÑiyqÙ L¡$ k„ed dpV¡$ D`hpk,
dp¥_h°s, `„Qpr‚ s`, L©$óZQpÞÖpeZ s` hN¡f¡ s` L$f¡ R>¡.
(3) ep¡Neo - S>¡ rQÑ_u [õ\fsp_¡ S> ep¡N dp_u ep¡Neo L$f¡ R>¡. s¡dp„
Aô$p„N ep¡N_p¡ kdph¡i \pe R>¡.
(4) k„rish°s eo - S>¡dp„ Atlkp, kÐe, Aõs¡e, b°ûQe®, A`qfN°l
hN¡f¡ h°s L¡$ r_ed L$pmÆ`|h®L$ iyÙ L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ s¡ k„rish°s L$l¡hpe R>¡.
(5) õhpÝepe eo - h¡v$, D`r_jv$ L¡$ ip÷_p¡ rhr^ âdpZ¡ Aæepk eo
L$l¡hpe R>¡, R>sp„ sÐhp\£ ""õh'' _p¡ Aæepk ""õh'' A¡V$g¡ ApÐdp_y„ S> AÝee_,
ApÐdMp¡S> R>¡.
ip÷p¡ op_u dpV¡$ ApÐdõdfZ_y„ d¡v$p_ R>¡. s¡ S> ip÷ - AÝee_ L¡$ h¡v$p¡,
î|rsAp¡ kp^L$ dpV¡$ `p¡sp_u âNrs dp`sy„ b¡fp¡duV$f R>¡.
kp^L$ dpV¡$ ip÷ ""dpBg õV$p¡_'' R>¡.
(6) op_eo - ip÷p¡_p A\®, dp¡nip÷p¡ L¡$ î|rsAp¡_p„ flõe ÅZhp ê$`u
S>¡ eo R>¡ s¡ op_eo R>¡.
D`f_p kh£ eop¡ dpÓ ÅZhp\u L„$B \sy„ _\u kÐe„ hv$, ^d® Qf ÅZhp\u
_ sp¡ kÐehpv$u \pe R>¡ L¡$ _ sp¡ L$p¡B ^d®râe \pe R>¡. s¡ dpV¡$ r_›$p`|h®L$_p
48
âpdprZL$ `qfîd_u S>ê$fs R>¡. dpV¡$ S> ïgp¡L$dp„ ""ese'' éÐ_iug `yfyjp¡ A¡hp¡
iåv$âep¡N R>¡.
lh¡ âpZpepd_¡ `Z eo sfuL¡$ S>Zph¡ R>¡. `|fL$ A¡V$g¡ blpf_p hpey_¡
ifuf_u A„v$f cfhp¡ hmu f¡QL$ A¡V$g¡ ifuf_u A„v$f_p hpey_¡ blpf L$pY$u fp¡L$hp¡
A_¡ âpZ A_¡ A`p_hpey_u Nrs_¡ fp¡L$hu A¡V$g¡ Ly„$cL$ âpZepd Üpfp B[ÞÖep¡_¡
hi L$fhpê$`u eo L$f¡ R>¡. S>¡ L$p¡B eoê$`u kh® L$d®_p¡ `p¡sp_¡ kpnu ÅZi¡, ANf
kh£ eoq¾$epdp„ `p¡sp_¡ AL$sp®, Ak„N ApÐdp ÅZi¡, sp¡ s¡hy„ ÅZhp\u s¡
k„kpfb„^_\u R|>V$u S>i¡.''
op_ eo kh®î¡›$ NZpe R>¡. L$pfZ Ðep„ _\u A`¡np am L¡$ k„kpf_u, _\u
dpNZu ip[Þs_u, op_dp„ L$pfZ `p¡s¡ S> ipÞsõhê$` R>¡.
_\u `yL$pf op__p¡, L$pfZ ApÐdp op_õhê$` R>¡. _\u L$pd_p dp¡n_u,
L$pfZ, ApÐdop_dp„ ""lz„ A_¡ kh® L$p¡B ApÐdõhê$`¡ dyL$s S> R>¡.'' Aphy„ op_
Ap`_pfp¡ op_eo kh®î¡›$ R>¡.
Ap`Zp Æh__y„ A„rsd gÿe R>¡ iy„ ?
dp¡n dyqL$s L¡$ ApÐdpkpnpÐL$pf S> A„rsd Ýe¡e L¡$ gÿe R>¡.
dp¡n âpá L$fhp L$ep¡ dpN® g¡hp¡ `X¡$ ?
dyqL$s_p¡ A¡L$ S> dpN® R>¡ S>¡d A„^pf v|$f L$fhp dpÓ âL$pi Å¡BA¡ s¡d
Aop_ê$`u A„^pfp\u b„^_ S>Zpe R>¡, dyqL$s A_ychpsu _\u, s¡\u Aop_ v|$f
L$fhp_p¡ A¡ S> A¡L$ fõsp¡ R>¡. S>¡ fõsp¡ g¡hp\u A„^pfy„ v|$f \sy„ Si¡ A_¡ fõsp¡ `|Z®
\i¡, Ðepf¡ gÿe_u âpqá \i¡. A¡ fõsp¡ L¡$ dpN® s¡ S> op_dpN®.
op_ dm¡ L¡$hu fus¡ ? s¡_u rhr^ L$B ?
dpÓ kv¹$Nyê$_u âprá\u, L$p¡B sÐhop_u_p kdpNd\u S> Å¡ s¡ âkÞ_ \pe,
s¡Ap¡ A_yN°l L¡$ L©$`p \pe sp¡ S> Aop_ v|$f \pe A_¡ s¡\u ApÐdõhê$`_y„ op_
\pe.

49
Aphp Nyfy dm¡ L$ep„ ? s¡_u ip¡^ L¡$hu fus¡ L$fhu ?
Nyê$_u ip¡^ L$fhp_u L¡$ s¡_u `funp L$fhp_u cp„S>NX$dp„ Æh_ bfbpv$ \B
S>i¡. NyZN°plu dydynyA¡ sp¡ kp¥ â\d L$p¡B ApÐdÐh ÅZ_pf_p rióe b_hy„
Å¡BA¡, S>¡ nZ¡ rióecph ÅÁep¡ S>¡ `m¡ ""rii _çey„ AÞe_p QfZdp„'' Ðepf¡
kdÆ S>hy„ L¡$ dyrL$s_y„ âh¡iÜpf Ås¡ S> Myëe„y R>¡ s¡ S>ep„ rii _çey„ R>¡ s¡ S>
kv$¹Nyê$ R>¡.
rióe \hy„ L¡$d ? s¡_u rhr^ dpV¡$ õhe„ îu L©$óZ A¡ ÓZ `Nr\ep bsph¡
R>¡. _d_, âñ, k¡hp\u op_ dmi¡. ""ârZ`ps¡_'' âZpd\u L¡$ _d_\u op_
dmi¡.
âZpd_y„ kh® â\d k|Q_ L$f¡gy„ R>¡. âZpd_p¡ A\® ifuf TyL$phhp_p¡ _\u
`Z Al„L$pf_¡ _dphu_¡ ifZpNrs_p¡ klS>cph¡ lz„ õhuL$pf L$fy„ Ry>„. s¡hy„ S>Zphhp
dpV¡$ S> lz„ _d__u kp„L¡$rsL$ cpjp dp¥_dp„ dpÓ ifuf_u q¾$ep Üpfp âNV$ \pe R>¡.
S>¡ _½$u L$f¡ L¡$ _\u = _ dpf¡ ""d_'' lh¡ s¡ sp¡ S>¡_p QfZdp„ iui _çey„ R>¡.
s¡_¡ A`®Z R¡, Apd ""d_'' rh_p_p¡ \B S>¡ _d¡ R>¡ s¡ S> ""_d_'' L$fu iL¡$
R>¡. S>¡ op_p\£ âZpd L$f¡ R>¡. s¡_¡ ¿epg R>¡ L¡$ Nyê$ sp¡ _fdp„\u _pfpeZ b_ph_pf
R>¡. b„^_dp„\u dyqL$s âv$p_ L$f_pf R>¡. dpV¡$ âZpd Üpfp lz„ s¡hp kh® k„L¡$sp¡_¡
kdS>hp s¥epf Ry>„ s¡ v$ip®hhp, dpfu _d°sp Ål¡f L$fhp, rióecph âNV$ L$fhp s¡
_d_ L$fu rióeÐh dpN¡ R>¡. l¡ Nyfyv¡$h ! d_¡ õhuL$pfp¡. Ap` op_pr‚ âNV$php
kyL$pe¡gp gpL$X$p S>¡d TX$`\u ApN `L$X¡$ R>¡, s¡d lz„ `pÓ \B_¡ Apìep¡ Ry>„. Ap`_p¡
op_pr‚ S> dpfp Aop_ê$`u Nl_ h__y„ v$l_ L$fi¡. dpV¡$ dpfp âdpZ õhuL$pfp¡ !
d_¡ ApÐdpop__p¡ D`v¡$i L$fp¡, ApS> R>¡ flõe _d_, âZpd L¡$ ârZ`ps_y„ L$p¡B
opr_ L¡$ sÐhv$ri®_¡ âZpd L$ep® `R>u iy„ L$fhy„ ?
Å¡ s¡hp op_u Ap`Zp¡ õhuL$pf L$f¡, rióe sfuL¡$_y„ õ\p_ Apîddp„ L¡$
op_ê$`u d„qv$fdp„ _rl. `Z Å¡ Nyfyv¡$h_p„ ùv$edp„dm¡ sp¡ kl¡S> `Z rhg„b rh_p
Nyê$v¡$h_u k¡hp iê$ L$fhu. Ðepf bpv$ k¡hp iê$ L$fhp\u Å¡ Ap`Zp¡ âñ `|R>hp
_p Ar^L$pfu \ep lp¡BA¡ sp¡ âñ `|R>hp¡.
k¡hep-k¡hp s¡ S> Æh__u khpfZu R>¡. k¡hp L$fhp\u k„skdpNd \pe R>¡
A_¡ v$p¡jp¡_¡ L¡$d gps dpfhp_u s¡ hps kdÅe Åe R>¡. k¡hp rh_p kÐk„N L¡$
50
kdpNd dyíL¡$g R>¡. k¡hp\u îÙp âS>hrgs \pe R>¡. A_¡ Nyê$=rióe hÃQ¡
ApÐduesp_p¡ k¡sy b„^pe R>¡. s¡_¡ hpÐkëe cph_u âkpv$u âpá \pe R>¡.
dyydynyA¡ sp¡ b„^_ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? ApÐdop_ L$p¡_¡ L$l¡hpe ? op__p kp^_ L$ep„
R>¡ ? rQÑiyqÙ L¡$d \pe ? î¡e iy„ R>¡ ? dp¡n L¡$hu fus¡ dm¡ ? A¡hp âñp¡ S>
`|R>hp
âñ `|R>hp\u S> Nyê$ A_¡ rióe hÃQ¡_u qv$hpg s|V¡$ R>¡. gpNZu, õ_¡l A_¡
Dódp_y„ hpsphfZ kÅ®e R>¡. ârZ`ps, k¡hp A_¡ `qfâñ\u S>¡ ApÐdop_ âpá
\pe R>¡ s¡_u AÓ¡ õsyrs L¡$ âi„kp L$f¡ R>¡.
l¡ ASy®_ ! ApÐdop__¡ ÅZu_¡ sy„ `y_: L$v$u `Z dp¡l_¡ = Aop__¡ = c°p„rs_¡
`pdui _rl. A¡L$ AqÜsue, AM„X$ Ac¡v$ ApÐdpdp ""lz„ sy„ s¡, s¡Ap¡, Ap`Zp,
`fpep'', A¡hp¡ c¡v$ Å¡hp¡ s¡ S> dp¡l R>¡. S>¡_¡ ApÐdpop_ R>¡ s¡_¡ L$v$u c¡v$ sp¡
S>Zpsp¡ _\u, `f„sy s©Z\u dp„X$u b°ûp„X$ ky^u S>¡ L„$B R>¡ s¡ kh® lz„ S> Ry>„ A_¡ lz„
S>¡ Ry>„ s¡ S> t`X$ A_¡ b°ûp„X$dp„ R>¡ A¡hp¡ A_ych \pe R>¡.
s¡hu S> fus¡ îuL©$óZ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡d kh®L$p„B `p¡sp_u A„v$f v¡$Mpe R>¡ s¡
S> îuL©$óZdp„ `Z v¡$Mpi¡. spÐ`e® A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ kh® cysdpÓ l¡ ASy>®_ ! S>¡d spfdp„
s_¡ v¡$Mpi¡, s¡d dpfpdp„ v¡$Mpi¡, A\p®s¹ lz„ s¡ S> sy„ R>¡ A_¡ S>¡ sy„ R>¡ s¡S> lz„ Ry>„.
A¡hu Ac¡v$ ×rô$ op_\u âpá \i¡. Apd îuL©$óZ s¡ ss¹ `v$p\® A_¡ Æh sfuL¡$
ASy>®_ s¡ Ðhd¹ `v$p\® b„_¡_y„ op_dp„ A¥L$e S>Zpe R>¡. Aphy„ D`pr^\u dyL$s `p¡sp_p
õhê$`_y„ op_\u \hy„ s¡S> dp¡n L$l¡hpe R>¡. Aphp¡ op_\u dm¡gp¡ `p¡sp_p¡ `fb°û
sfuL¡$_p¡ `qfQe A¡ S> ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf R>¡.
îuL©$óZ¡ ASy>®__¡ `p`ê$`u kdyÖ_¡ sfhp op_ê$`u _p¥L$p_u hps L$fu R>¡.
""op_àgh¡_'' - op_ê$`u _p¥L$p A¡V$g¡ iy„? S>¡d _p¥L$pdp„ b¡W¡$gp dpZk_u _p¥L$p
`pZudp„ S> lp¡e R>¡. _p¥L$p_u Qpf¡sfa `pZu lp¡e R>sp„ A„v$f b¡W¡$gp dpZk_¡
`pZu_p¡ õ`i® \sp¡ _\u. s¡d Å¡ L$p¡B `p`L$d® L$f_pfp¡ lp¡e A¡V$gy„ S> _rl, `Z
s¡_u Qpf¡ sfa `p`, `p` A_¡ `p`L$dp£_p¡ S> s¡Z¡ Ecp¡ L$f¡gp¡ rhkspf lp¡e,
c|sL$pm_p„ `p`p¡, hs®dp_p_p„ `p`p¡, crhóedp„ `p`_p¡ S> rhQpf L¡$ ep¡S>_p L$f_pfp¡
dlp`p`u lp¡e = ""`p`L©$Ñd'' sp¡ `Z Å¡ sp¡ op__u _phdp„ b¡ku Åe sp¡ `p`p¡_p„
kdyÖp¡_¡ `Z ""k„sqfóerk'' kpfu fus¡ rhÂ_ rh_p sfu Åe s¡ r_:i„L$ R>¡.
51
Ap _ph A¡V$g¡ S> lz„ Ak„N Ry>„, Aõ`íe® Ry>„. v¡$l, Aheh L¡$ B[ÞÖe\u dyL$s
Ry>„ s¡hy„ ApÐdõhê$`_y„ op_. lz„ _\u L$d®, _\u L$d®_p¡ L$sp®, _\u L$d®_p am_p¡
cp¡L$sp `Z Ry>„. r_rh®L$pf Ly$V$õ\ ApÐdp, sp¡ `R>u d_¡ `p` L¡$ `yÎeL$d® L¡$hy„ ? S>¡Z¡
L$d® S> L$ey® _\u s¡_¡ am L$ep„ ? Å¡ L$d®_p¡ k„N L¡$ õ`i® hs®dp_dp„ _\u, sp¡
crhóedp„ dm_pfp `p`L$d®_p am_p¡ ce L¡$hp¡ ?
S>¡d Aphm, bphm, gudX$p¡, kpN, Ap„bp¡ hN¡f¡_p gpL$X$p„ Ar‚dp„ cõd \ep„
`R>u s¡ ê$`¡ _ fl¡sp„ kh® L$p„B cõdê$`¡ S> fl¡ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ op_ `Z Ar‚
R>¡. s¡dp„ `yÎe `p`ê$`u L$d®_p„ gpL$X$p„ s¡d S> r_ÐeL$d®, _¥rdrÑL$, L$d®, L$pçeL$d®,
r_j¡^L$d®, rhrlsL$d®, k„rQsL$d®, A_¡ ApNpdu L$d®ê$`u kh® gpL$X$p„Ap¡ `Z bmu_¡
cõd \pe R>¡. A\p®s¹ L$d® A¡hu fus¡ bm¡ R>¡ L¡$ s¡Ap¡ am Ap`hp_p¡ kd\® fl¡sp„
_\u. s¡_u am Ap`hp_u iqL$s _ô$ \pe, `R>u s¡ L$dp£ op_u_¡ b„^_dp„ bp„^u
iL¡$ _rl A_¡ `y_®S>ç__y„ am Ap`u iL¡$ _l].
op_pr‚ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ?
lz„ ifuf _rl `Z ApÐdp L¡$ b°û Ry>„. s¡\u lz„ AL$d®, Ak„N, AL$sp® Ry>„. s¡\u
S> ""lz„ kv$p r_[ó¾$e S> Ry>„.'' Aphp¡ ×Y$ ApÐdop_ê$`u Ar‚ S>epf¡ âS>hrgs \pe
R>¡ Ðepf¡ kh® L$dp£ cõd \pe R>¡. Ap`Zp ÓZ ifuf - õ\|m, k|ÿd A_¡ L$pfZ
A¡L$ S> kp\¡ _pi `pd¡ R>¡. dy¿e ÓZ L$d®-k„rQs, ApNpdu A_¡ âpfå^.
Ap`Z¡ fp¡S> fp¡S> S>¡ L„$B L$d® L$fuA¡ R>uA¡, s¡dp„\u L$d®_p„ L$pev$p dyS>b
L¡$V$gpL$_y„ am sfs dm¡ R>¡. S>epf¡ L$p¡B L$d®_y„ am AdyL$ hj® `R>u dm¡, S>epf¡ L$p¡B
L$p¡B L$d®_y„ am Ap S>Þd¡ _ `Z dm¡ A_¡ A^yfy„ fl¡ R>¡. S>¡ L$d®_y„ am ÆhpÐdp_¡
dþey„ _\u s¡ kh® s¡_p _pd¡ S>dp \pe R>¡. s¡hp kh®L$dp£ _p¡ c„X$p¡m L¡$ cfphp¡
qv$hk¡ qv$hk¡, S>Þdp¡-S>Þd\u h^sp¡ Åe R>¡. S>dp \e¡gp L$dp£ _¡ k„rQs L$dp£ L$l¡
R>¡. S>¡ L$d® hs®dp_dp„ \pe R>¡ A_¡ s¡_y„ am crhóedp„ Aphhp_y„ R>¡ s¡_¡ ApNpdu
L$d® L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ k„rQs L$d® ÆhpÐdp_¡ _pd¡ S>dp„ R>¡ s¡dp„\u S>¡d S>¡d L$dp£ am
Ap`hp `qf`L$h \pe, s¡V$gp `qf`L$h \e¡gp„ L$dp£_¡ gB_¡ cp¡Nhhp dpV¡$ ÆhpÐdp
S>Þd gB_¡ S>epf¡ _hy„ ifuf ^pfZ L$f¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ k„rQsdp„\u S>¡ \p¡X$p L$d®_p„ am
cp¡Nhhp s¡ kp\¡ gph¡ R>¡. s¡_¡ âpfå^L$d® L$l¡ R>¡. s¡\u _hy„ ifuf gB ÆhpÐdpA¡
âpfå^ L$d® cp¡Nhhp A¡L$hpf epÓp iê$ L$fu s¡ A^hÃQ¡ AX$^¡ fõs¡ AV$L$su _\u.
S>ep„ ky^u âpfå^L$d® _¡ cp¡Nhu_¡ s¡_p¡ A„s _ Aph¡ Ðep„ ky^u ifuf_u epÓp
52
AV$L$su _\u. S>Þd\u iê$ \e¡gu epÓp d©Ðey_p„ A„rsd õV¡$i_¡, Ðepf¡ S> AV$L¡$ L¡$
S>epf¡ bmsf L¡$ `¡V²$p¡g kdpá \pe R>¡. `¡V²$p¡g rh_p hpl_ AV$L$u `X¡$, s¡d
âpfå^ê$`u `¡V²$p¡g, ifufê$`u hpl_dp„ AV$L$sy„ S> _\u.
A_¡ S>ep„ S>ep„ S>epf¡ AV$L¡$ R>¡ s¡ S> s¡_p¡ õdip_ L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡\u õ`ô$
\pe R>¡ L¡$ âpfå^ê$`u `¡V²$p¡g `yfy \pe Ðepf¡ S> ifuf_y„ `s_ \pe R>¡. _rl L¡$ ifuf
`s_ â\d \pe A_¡ âpfå^ `R>u `|Z® \pe.
Aphu L$d®_u ìep¿ep lp¡hp\u, S>epf¡ op_pr‚ âNV$¡ A_¡ kdÅe R>¡ L¡$ lz„
ÆhpÐdp _\u `f `fb°û Ry>„ Ðepf¡ ÆhpÐdp S> S>ep„ fl¡sp¡ L¡$ bQsp¡ _\u sp¡ s¡_p„
_pd¡ fl¡gu k„rQsL$d® ê$`u \p`Z L¡$ [dgL$s L¡$hu fus¡ bQ¡ ? op_ \hp\u
k„rQsL$dp£ bmu_¡ cõd \pe R>¡. A_¡ S>ep„ k„rQs L$d® S> _\u sp¡ âpfå^ gB_¡
_hp S>Þd_p¡ âk„N S> Dcp¡ \hp_p¡ _\u s¡d S>epf¡ op_dp„ kdÅe R>¡ L¡$ ""ly
AL$sp® AL$d® Ry>'' Ðepf¡ õ`ô$ \pe R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ L$d®_p¡ L$sp® _\u, s¡_¡ am L$ep„ ?
Aphy„ rhQpfhp\u op_u_¡ ApNpdu L$d®_p¡ Acph R>¡. A\p®s¹ ApNpdu `Z cõd
\pe R>¡. ApÐdop_ \ep `R>u _hy„ `¡V²$p¡g `|fphhp_p¡ âñ S> _\u, L$pfZ L¡$
ifufê$`u hpl__p¡ X²$pBhf Æh A_¡ `¡V²$p¡g `„` S>¡hy„ k„rQsL$d® b„_¡ _ô$ \ep„ R>¡.
S>¡d hpl_ Qpgy L$fu X²$pBhf Qpëep¡ Åe sp¡ `Z hpl_dp„ `¡V²$p¡g lp¡hp\u s¡dp„ Nrs
_ \pe, `Z A¡L$ õ\m¡ Dcy„ Dcy„ s¡_y„ diu_ `¡V²$p¡g lp¡e Ðep„ ky^u Qpëep L$f¡
R>¡. s¡d ApÐdop_ \ep `R>u `Z âpfå^ cp¡Nhhp dpV¡$ S>Þd¡gy„ ifuf `Z
âpfå^`|Z® fus¡ cp¡NhpB kdpá _ \pe Ðep„ ky^u Æh¡ R>¡. s¡hp„ ifuf kp\¡
Æh_pf op_u_¡ Æh_dyL$s L$f¡ R>¡.
Apd S>epf¡ õ\ym ifuf âpfå^ cp¡Nhhp\u `|Z® \B Åe R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡_y„ `s_
\pe R>¡, R>sp„ `y_S>®Þd \sp¡ _\u. ApÐdop_ `R>u op_u_p ifuf Üpfp S>¡ L$d® \pe
R>¡, s¡_y„ am op_u_¡ L$v$u dmsy„ _\u, L$pfZ op_u dpV¡$ s¡ ifuf bm¡gu L$p„\u_u
v$p¡fu S>¡hy„ R>¡. s¡ ifuf S>¡hy„ cg¡ v¡$Mpe, L$d® L$fsy„, cg¡ S>Zpe R>sp„ s¡dp„ L$d®
b„^_\u iqL$s kdpá \pe R>¡. dpV¡$ S> L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ op_pr‚ Üpfp l¡ ASy>®_! kh®
L$dp£ cõd S>¡hp \pe R>¡. ""op_pr‚ kh® L$dp®Zu cõdkps¹ Ly$fys¡ ASy>®_'' dpV¡$ S>
op__u `rhÓ hõsy kdN° b°ûp„X$dp„ L$ep„e R>¡ S> _rl, s¡hp¡ `ph_ Dëg¡M õhe„
cNhp__p„ dyM¡ k„cmpe R>¡.

53
ApÐdop_ S> sÐhop_u_¡ qv$ìe gp¡L$_p v„$X$\u `p` L$d®\u, k„rQs, ApNpdu
Apqv$ L$d®\u dyL$s L$f¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡_¡ `fd `rhÓ L$l¡hpe R>¡. Ap S>Nsdp„ ^d®,
A\® A_¡ L$pdâprá_p„ kp^_ sp¡ OZp„ S> R>¡. `Z `fd `yfyjp\®ê$`u dp¡n_y„ kp^_
sp¡ dpÓ ApÐdop_ S> R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡ `rhÓ R>¡., dydyny kss îhZ, d__,
r_qv$^epk_ê$`u Aæepk L$fsp¡ flu hpk_p r_d|Z® L$fhpê$`u rkqÙ âpá L$f¡ R>¡,
Ðepf¡ ""ApÐdr_ rhÞv$rs'' - A„s:L$fZdp„ `p¡sp_p„ `p¡sp_¡ d¡mh¡ R>¡. A\p®s
ApÐdrhQpf Üpfp A„s¡ rQÑiyqÙ \sp ""ApÐdp `p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp_¡ âNV$ L$f¡ R>¡.''
ApÐdop__p¡ Ar^L$pfu L$p¡Z ?
""îÙphp_ gcs¡ op_d¹'' îÙpeyL$s_¡ S> op_ \pe R>¡. v$f¡L$_u r_d®m,
r_òs, r_òm, r_rh®L$pf A_¡ r_k„v¡$l îÙp S> s¡_¡ A„sfApÐdp_u epÓp L$fph¡ R>¡.
îÙp i¡dp„ ?
dydyny dpV¡$ sp¡ ùv$edp„ L$p¡sfhp S>¡hy„ kyÓ R>¡ L¡$ îÙp rh_p ApÐdrkqÙ _rl,
op_r``pkyA¡ kh® â\d ip÷dp„ îÙp fpMhu. `R>u ip÷ kdÅh_pf Nyfydp„,
`R>u Bðfdp„ A_¡ A„s¡ ApÐdîÙp `Z S>ê$fu R>¡. S>Ns_p„ kpdpÞe dp_hfrQs
e„Óp¡ L¡$ S>qV$g cp¥rsL$ fQ_p kdS>hp `Z kprlÐe_u S>ê$f `X¡$ R>¡. sp¡ Æh, S>Ns,
Bðf_¡ kdS>hp L$p¡B kprlÐe S>ê$fu _\u ? Af¡ ! Æh, S>Ns A_¡ Bðf_y„ `Z
Ar^›$p_ S>¡ ApÐdp R>¡, S>¡ kh® L$pfZp¡_y„ L$pfZ R>¡. s¡_¡ kdS>hp Å¡ L$p¡B kprlÐe
lp¡e sp¡ s¡ h¡v$ip÷p¡ R>¡. A_¡ s¡dp„ `Z ApÐdrhÛp b°ûrhÛp S>¡hp„ A_¡L$
D`r_jv¹$ê$`u dp¡nip÷p¡ `Z R>¡. s¡dp„ A_„s îÙp_u S>ê$f A¡V$g¡ S> ApÐdp _\u
âÐen, B[ÞÖeNçe L¡$ _\u `fp¡n byqÙ L¡$ A_ydp_Nçe A_¡ s¡\u S> ApÐdop_dp„
ip÷ âdpZ R>¡. dpV¡$ ip÷dp„ îÙp rh_p A„sfApÐdp_p¡ âhpk iL$e S> _\u.
np¡rÓe Nyfy `pk¡ S>B ip÷_p„ Ap^pf¡ ApÐdop_ kdS>hp âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ S>¡\u i„L$p_y„
kdp^p_ \pe, Apd S>¡ ip÷ kdÅh¡ R>¡ s¡_pdp„ Å¡ îÙp _ lp¡e sp¡ b^y r_f\®L$
R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ dpÓ sL®$ L¡$ byqÙ_p¡ A¡ dpN® _\u.
kv$Nyfy S> îyrs, dyqL$s, A_¡ k„ed_u A_yc|rs\u rióe_p„ kv¡$l v|$f L$f¡ R>¡.
Aop__y„ AphfZ v|$f L$fhp klpeL$ b_¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ ip÷dp„ îÙp `R>u Nyfydp„ îÙp
Ar_hpe® R>¡.

54
Ðepfbpv$ ApÐdop_dp„ A_„s â¡fZp dpV¡$ A_¡ rhÂ_p¡_p„ k„lpf dpV¡$ Bðf_p¡
A_yN°l Å¡BA¡. s¡\u Bðfdp„ îÙp S>ê$fu R>¡ A_¡ A„s¡ `p¡sp_¡ ApÐdîÙp lp¡hu S>
Å¡BA¡ L¡$ d_¡ op_ dmi¡ S>. dpfp õhê$`rdg_\u L$p¡B fp¡L$u iL¡$ _rl,
ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf S> dpfy„ A„rsd gÿe R>¡. v¡$l_p `s_ ky^u `Z AM„X$ îÙp kp\¡
gÿeâprá dpV¡$ âeÐ_ L$fsp¡ S> flui. Aphu îÙp S> îÙphp__¡ `fd î^¡e ky^u
`lp¢QpX¡$ R>¡ dpV¡$ îÙphp_ \hy„ s¡_p hNf op_rkqÙ _\u.
sÐ`f - îÙphp_ \ep `R>u dydyny_y„ AÞe gnZ R>¡ sÐ`f \hy„. op_âprá
dpV¡$ âpZ `p\fhp `Z sÐ`f fl¡hy„. kpQu sÐ`fspdp„ kp^L$ S>ep„ S>ep„ A„v$f
blpf _S>f L$fi¡ Ðep„Ðep„ b°ûv$i®_ S> L$fi¡, gÿe_¡ S> Qpf¡ sfa Å¡hpdp„ sÐ`f
lp¡e A¡ S> A`fp¡n op__p¡ Ar^L$pfu b_¡ R>¡.
k„es¡[ÞÖe - BrÞÖep¡ `f k„ed L$fhp¡ L¡$ rS>s¡rÞÖe \hy„ s¡ S> k„es¡[ÞÖeÐh
L$l¡hpe R>¡. Ap_¡ S> dydyny_y„ gnZ A_¡ op__y„ kp^_ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
k„iepÐdp rh_íers - S>¡ k„ie A_¡ hl¡dhpmp¡ `Z R>¡ s¡_p¡ rh_pi sp¡
r_ròs S> R>¡.
dpV¡$ S> L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ Ao, A„^îÙphpm A_¡ k„iedyL$s `fd L$ëepZê$`u
dp¡ndpN®\u c°ô$ S> \pe R>¡. s¡dp„ L$p¡BA¡ k„ie fpMhp S>¡hy„ _\u. Apd,
k„iefrls A_¡ L$dp£_p ÐépN L$ep® `R>u s¡ ApÐdhp_ `yfyj_¡ - âdpv$ rh_p r_f„sf
kh®Ó b°ûv$i®_ L$fhp_¡ L$pfZ op_pr‚\u L$dp£_¡ buS>buS> fV$uh L$fhp_¡ L$pfZ¡,
ifuf\u \sp L$p¡B`Z L$dp£ lh¡ b„^_dyL$s fl¡sp„ _\u. A\p®s¹ `y_®S>Þd_p l¡sy
b_sp _\u.
spÐ`e® A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ l¡ dydynyAp¡ ! S>¡ kde¡ S>¡ `qf[õ\rs Aph¡ s¡_¡ op_dp„
[õ\f \B õhuL$pfu gp¡. A_pepk¡, âpfå^ep¡N¡, S>¡ S>Þd, Æh_ A_¡ Æh_k„N°pd
dþep¡ R>¡, s¡_¡ õhuL$pfu g¡hp¡, op_ kp\¡ AphL$pfu A_ychu g¡hp¡. Å¡ k„ie _\u
A_¡ op_ R>¡ sp¡ L$p¡B b„^_ L$ep„e R>¡ S> _l].
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 4 op_L$d® k„Þepk ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&
55
AÝepe : 5 L$d® k„Þepk ep¡N
ASy>®__u S>¡d dp¡V$pcpN_p AÝepÐdâ¡du kp^L$p¡, dydynyAp¡ A¡hy„ S> dp_¡ R>¡ L¡$
L$d®ep¡N A_¡ op_ep¡N b„_¡ `|Z®rhfp¡^u R>¡. A¡L$_¡ A_ykf¡ s¡Z¡ AÞe_p¡ ÐepN S>
L$fhp¡ `X¡$. Aphu c°p„rs A_¡ N¡fkdS>_¡ r_d®|m L$fhp dpV¡$ AÝepe `p„Q_p¡ âpf„c
L$fhpdp„ Apìep¡ R>¡. S>¡d ASy>®__¡ `|h®N°l \B Nep¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""eyÙL$d®\u d_¡ `p`
gpNi¡'' A_¡ eyÙL$d®_p¡ ÐepN A¡ S> A¡L$ fõsp¡ R>¡ `p` _ô$ L$fhp_p¡. ASy>®_ S>¡hp
A_¡L$_p `|h®N°l v|$f L$fhp_p¡ D`pe S>Zphpep¡ R>¡. s\p L$d®_¡ kp^_ A_¡ op__¡
kpÝeê$`¡ b_phu A„s¡ kh®L$d® k„Þepk S> kdÅhpep¡ R>¡.
ASy>®__p¡ âñ R>¡ L¡$ b¡ rhfp¡^u S>¡hu v¡$Mpsu hpsdp„\u dpÓ A¡L$ õ`ô$ L$fu
S>¡ î¡e lp¡e s¡ S> S>Zphp¡. L$pfZ A¡L$ S> ìéqL$s b¡ rhfp¡^u hõsy_¡ A¡L$kp\¡
õhuL$pfu iL¡$ _l]. cNhp_¡ L$ley„ L¡$ ""L$d®ep¡N: rhrióes¡'' L$d®k„Þepk L$fsp„
L$d®ep¡N h^y î¡›$ R>¡. Aphp¡ Þepe L¡$ Aphy„ cNhs¹L$\_ ASy>®__¡ âp¡Ðkpl_ dpV¡$
S> R>¡, A¡V$gy„ S> _lu, `Z Å¡ s¡ op__p¡ Ar^L$pfu _ lp¡e, L$d®ÐepNê$`u k„Þepk_p¡
Ar^L$pfu _ lp¡e A_¡ L$d® R>p¡X¡$ sp¡ `pedpg \B Åe, bfbpv$ \B Åe, _ op_
âpá \pe, _ rQÑiyqÙ \pe, s¡\u s¡hp kp¥ Aip_u_¡ `s_\u bQphhp dpV¡$ S>
L$ley„ R>¡ Aq^L$pf rh_p_p¡ L$d®k„Þepk L¡$ ÐepN L$fsp r_óL$pdL$d® L¡$ L$d®ep¡N î¡›$
S> R>¡.
cNhp_¡ õ`ô$sp L$fu R>¡ L¡$ L$dp£_p¡ k„Þepk A_¡ L$d®ep¡N b„_¡ L$ëepZL$pfL$
R>¡. b„_¡ `fd î¡e dp¡n_p S> L$pfZê$` R>¡. L$d®_p ÐepNê$`u k„Þepk, îhZ, d__
Üpfp S>¡ op_ âpá L$f¡ R>¡ s¡_p\u `Z dp¡n dm¡ R>¡ A_¡ L$d®ep¡Nu, r_óL$pdL$d® L$fu
â\d rQÑiyqÙ d¡mhu `R>u op_ d¡mhu A„s¡ dp¡nê$`u am_¡ S> d¡mh¡ R>¡. Apd
b„_¡ dpNp£ am sp¡ A¡L$ S> dm¡ R>¡. s¡\u b„_¡_¡ cNhp_¡ î¥eõL$f L$ley„ R>¡. Apd
îuL©$óZ¡ gpgbsu ^fu S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ k„Þepk_p¡ Ar^L$pfu _\u, A\p®s¹
kp^_Qsyô$e k„`Þ_ _\u, s¡_¡ Dsphm¡ L$d®k„Þepk _ N°lZ L$fhp¡ `Z
L$d®ep¡N_y„ S> A_y›$p_ L$fhy„. r_Ðe k„Þepku R>¡ L$p¡Z ? s¡_p¡ DÑf R>¡ ""ep¡ _ Ö¡rô$
_ L$pnrs'' S>¡ _ sp¡ Ü¡j Lf¡ R>¡ _ sp¡ BÃR>p fpM¡ R>¡ A\p®s¹ fpN L$f¡ R>¡. `Z
i¡_p\u ? S>¡ L$d®ep¡Nu L$s®ìe-L$d®_y„ `pg_ L$fsp„ L$fsp„ `°rsL|$m k„Å¡Np¡\u Ü¡j
L$fsp¡ _\u A_¡ A_yLy$m k„Å¡Np¡_¡ BÃR>sp¡ _\u. fpNÙ¡j S>¡hp Ü„ÞÜ\u S>¡ dyL$s R>¡,
s¡_¡ r_Ðek„Þepku ÅZhp¡.
56
kpQu ×rô$ L¡$ kdS>dp„ kh®L$d®_p¡ k„Þepk L$f_pfp op_uAp¡_p¡ op_ep¡N L¡$
kp„¿eep¡N A_¡ r_óL$pdcph¡ L$d® L$f_pfpAp¡_¡ L$d®ep¡N b„_¡ A¡L$ê$` S> R>¡.
k„Þepk A_¡ L$d®ep¡N_y„ gÿe sp¡ dp¡n S> R>¡.
S>¡d A¡L$ S> kX$L$ L¡$ fõsp¡ iê$ \pe Ðepf¡ s¡_y„ _pd L$d®ep¡N dpN® lp¡e, s¡
S> kX$L$_y„ _pd ApNm S>sp„ k„Þepk dpN® \B Åe, R>sp„ kX$L$ sp¡ A¡S> R>¡ L¡$
S>¡ A„s¡ dp¡n_p A„rsd gÿe ApNm \„cu Åe R>¡. spÐ`e® A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ kpQu
kdS>dp„ kh®L$d®_p¡ k„Þepk L$f_pfp op_uAp¡_¡ op_ep¡N L¡$ kp„¿eep¡N A_¡ r_óL$pdcph¡
L$d® L$f_pfpAp¡_p¡ L$d®ep¡N b„_¡ A¡L$ê$` S> R>¡. S>¡Ap¡ Æh_cf L$d®ep¡Nu_u S>¡d
L$pe®fs flep„ R>¡ s¡hp hrk›$, ìepk, cuód, fpÅ S>_L$ A_¡ k„s L$buf_u S>¡d
bpü k„Þepk L$ep® rh_p dp¡n_¡ `pçep R>¡. S>epf¡ op_dp„ kh® L$dp£_¡ bp^ L$fu L$d®
k„Þepk L$fu, iy¾$, k_L$pqv$, epohëL$e, Apqv$ i„L$fpQpe®, õhpdu fpdsu\®, õhpdu
rhh¡L$p_„v$_u S>¡d op_ep¡N Üpfp `Z dp¡n_¡ `pçep R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡ fpÅ S>_L$_p
L$d®dp„, îu fdZ dlrj®_p AL$d®dp„, Apqv$ i„L$fpQpe®_p op_dp„, _pfv$ A_¡ dufp„_u
A_Þe cqL$sdp„ A¥L$e Sy>A¡ R>¡, s¡ S> kÐe ÅZ_pfp¡ L¡$ Å¡_pfp¡ R>¡ dpV¡$ S> L$ley„
R>¡ L¡$ ""e: `íers k `íers''
dlÒh_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡ L¡$ sÐh_p¡ k|ÿd rhh¡L$ L$fu kdS>hy„ L¡$ k„`|Z® L$d® S> L$p¡B
V$pmu iL¡$ L¡$ Æh_epÓp Qgphhp _ s¡ V$mu iL¡$ s¡d R>¡. dpV¡$ Ac¡v$v$i} \B,
kh®dp„ ApÐdp_y„ v$i®_ L$fu, kdS>hy„ L¡$ s¡ kh®ìepá ApÐdp lz„ S> õhe„ Ry>„.
S>¡d õhà_dp„ L$pë`r_L$ ifuf, d_, B[ÞÖep¡ L$pe®iug fl¡ R>¡. R>sp„ ÅNsp„,
õhà_ ifuf_p„ L$dp£_¡ Ap`Z¡ Ap`Zp L$dp£ dp_sp„ _\u. s¡d op_u_¡ d_ k„kpf
õhà_de R>¡. s¡\u s¡dp„ \_pfu ifufpqv$_u q¾$ep_¡ s¡ `p¡sp_u dp_sp¡ _\u A_¡
s¡dp„ g¡`psp¡ _\u. S>¡d L$dm L$pv$h-L$uQX$dp„\u S>Þd¡ R>¡ R>sp„ L$uQX$_p¡ õ`i® _
lp¡hp\u ip¡cpedp_ R>¡. s¡d L$d®ep¡Nu L$d®dp„ S> fl¡ R>¡ R>sp„ kpnucph¡ L$d® L$fhp\u
L$d®_¡ õ`i® L$fsp¡ _\u, dpV$¡ S> ip¡cp_¡ `pÓ R>¡. L$dm `Ó `pZudp„ lp¡hp\u
`pZu_p¡ X$f A_ychu `pZu\u _pku S>sy„ _\u `Z `pZudp„ S> flu `pZu s¡_p
D`f `X¡$ R>sp„, `p¡sp_u Ak„Nsp\u `pZu_¡ `p¡sp_p¡ õ`i® \hp v¡$sy„ _\u s¡hu S>
fus¡ L$d®ep¡Nu nZdpÓ `Z L$d®_p k„õL$pf\u v|$f _pku S>hp d\sp¡ _\u, `Z
sdpd Ldp£, b°û_¡ A¡V$g¡ L¡$ Bðf_¡ kd`}_¡ L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u õhe„ _ L$sp® fl¡ R>¡
57
L¡$ _ L$d®_y„ am `Z `p¡sp_y„ fl¡ R>¡. `R>u sp¡ L$d® S>¡_¡ A`®Z \pe s¡_p„ \B Åe,
A_¡ am `Z s¡_y„ \pe dpV¡$ S> s¡ L$d® L$f¡ R>sp„ `p`\u b„^psp¡ _\u, R>sp„ L$d®
Bðf_¡ A`Z® L$fu_¡ s¡ L$d® `L$X$sp¡ _\u, s¡d _\u `L$X$sp¡ L$d®_p„ am, dpV¡$ S>
s¡ dyL$s R>¡ - `yÎe L¡$ `p`L$d®\u, kv¹$Nrs L¡$ AhNrs\u.
""L$d®ag„ ÐeL¹$Ðhp'' - Nuspdp„ hpf„hpf L$d®am_u hps Aph¡ R>¡. hpõshdp„
am_p¡ ÐépN A¡V$g¡ iy„ ?
Ap`Z¡ S>epf¡ d„qv$f v$i®_ S>BA¡ R>uA¡ Ðepf¡ îuam, L„$Ly$, duW$pB, s¡g, tkvy$f,
sygku, Apqv$ A_¡L$ hõsy cNhp__¡ A`®Z L$fhp S>BA¡ R>uA¡. Ap`Zu `p¡sp_u
Mfuv¡$gu hõsy S>epf¡ `yÅfu cNhp__p QfZp¡dp„ d|L$u `pR>u Ap`¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ Ap`Z¡,
Ap`Zu gph¡gu hõsy_¡, Myb S> â¡d, Apv$f kÐL$pf, õ_¡l A_¡ _d°sp\u õhuL$pfuA¡
R>uA¡. Ap`Z¡ A¡L$ qL$gp¡ duW$pB d„qv$fdp„ Ap`u lp¡e, `yÅfu dpÓ kp¡ N°pd `pR>u
Ap`¡ sp¡ Ap`Z¡ DíL¡$fpB S>sp„ _\u L$pfZ L¡$ duW$pB lh¡ duW$pB flu _\u. bÞep¡
R>¡ lh¡ s`p¡h_ âkpv$ `fdpÐdp_p¡. s¡d dlp_ `yfyjp\® _y„ Ap¡Ry>„ am d¡mhsp„ S>¡ _
DíL¡$fpe L$¡ _ lspip A_ych¡ A¡ S> kdÅep¡ R>¡. L$d®dp„ âkpv$byqÙê$`u am_¡.
Æh__u lf ""`qf[õ\rs `R>u cg¡ õhS>__y„ d©Ðey L¡$ ^„^p_u Mp¡V$, ^__p¡
rhS>e L¡$ ârs›$p_u g|„V$ lp¡e, Ål¡fdp„ A`dp_ lp¡e L¡$ kdpS> hÃQ¡ kÞdp_ lp¡e,
kh® k„Å¡N_¡ S>¡ âkpv$cph¡ AphL$pf¡ R>¡ s¡_y„ A„s:L$fZ fpNÜ¡j\u r_d®m \pe R>¡
A_¡ s¡dp„ S> s¡_¡ Adm rhdm A„sfpÐdp_¡ kpnpÐL$pf \pe R>¡. Aphu r_d®m
rQÑiyqÙ s¡ S> âcy_p¡ `ph_ âkpv$ R>¡. rQÑiyqÙê$`u âkpv$ `fd `rhÓ `fb°û
sfa_p¡ âkpv$ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
dp_rkL$ k„Þepk_y„ flõep¡v¹$OpV$_ L$fsp„ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ k„edu R>¡ A_¡ `p¡sp_¡
B[ÞÖepqv$\u Þepfp¡ s¡d_p¡ Öô$p A_¡ kpnu sfuL¡$ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡_p\u kh® L$dp£ d_\u
ÐeÅB Åe R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡ kh£ L$dp£dp„ AL$d®, ApÐdp_¡ S> ÅZ¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> L$d®
A_¡ s¡dp am Apqv$_u tQsp\u dyL$s \B ""kyMd¹ Apõs¡'' kyM\u ifufdp„ fl¡ R>¡.
_h v$fhpÅ - b¡ Ap„M, b¡ L$p_, A¡L$ dp¢, S>__¡[ÞÖe A_¡ Nyv$p ifufê$`u
il¡fdp„ fl¡_pfp¡ ApÐdp lz„ Ry>„, s¡ âcy R>¡ A¡d AÓ¡ L$ley„ R>¡. âcy A\p®s ifuf
B[ÞÖepv$u_p¡ k¡hL$ _rl `Z õhpdu. Ap õhpdu s¡ S> ApÐdp R>¡ R>sp„ s¡ L„$B
ifufpqv$ `pk¡ lzL$d L¡$ Apop\u L$d® L$fphsp¡ _\u L¡$ _\u L$d®_u â¡fZp Ap`sp¡.
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s¡\u ApÐdpdp„ L$sp®`Ï„ g¡idpÓ `Z _\u. ApÐdp L$sp®cph L¡$ cp¡L$spcph -\u
dyL$s R>¡. sp¡ âñ \pe R>¡ L¡$ L$d® L$fph¡ R>¡ L$p¡Z ? cp¡Nhhp_u â¡fZp Ap`¡ R>¡
L$p¡Z ?
s¡_ p¡ DÑf R>¡ ...... ""õhcphõsy âhs®s ¡'' —&
s¡ b^y„ õhcpNhs \pe R>¡. õhcph S> L$sy®Ðh L¡$ cp¡L$s©Ðhdp„ âhs£ R>¡.
õhcph A¡V$g¡ S> ìeqL$sdp„ fl¡gu ArhÛp_u D`pr^hpmu dpep L¡$ âL©$rs S> L$sp®cph
L¡$ cp¡L$spcph¡ âhs£ R>¡. k„kpfdp„ kS>®_pqv$ L$pe® L$fhpdp„ dpep S> Bðf_u D`pr^
sfuL¡$ L$d® L$fsu õhcphNs S>Zpe R>¡.
kpdpÞefus¡ ip÷p¡ Üpfp A¡hy„ kp„cmhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdp iyc L$d® L$fph¡
R>¡ A„s:L$fZ_¡ â¡fZp Ap`¡ R>¡. hfv$p_ Ap`hphpmp¡ R>¡ A_yN°l A_¡ L©$`p L$f_pfp¡
R>¡. NuspÆ_y„ kp¥_¡ Nd¡gy„, kp¥A¡ õdf¡gy„ rh^p_ R>¡ L¡$ ""Bðf kh£ âpZuAp¡_p
ùv$edp„ [õ\f R>¡.'' Aphy„ kp„cmhp\u `fdpÐdp, sÐh_¡ kçe¹L$ âL$pf¡ _ ÅZ_pfpAp¡,
L$s©®Ðh L$pfrQs©Ðh, ^d®âv$ps©Ðh, `p`_piL$Ðh hN¡f¡_p¡ Apfp¡` L$fu_¡ `fdpÐdp_¡ s¡hp
S> dp_¡ R>¡. s¡\u S>epf¡ Nusp A_¡ D`r_jv$p¡ Üpfp ÅZ¡ L¡$ ApÐdp sp¡ L„$B L$fsp¡
L¡$ L$fphsp¡ _\u Ðepf¡ s¡Ap¡ d|„TpB Åe R>¡. A_¡ rhfp¡^ _¡ N°lZ L$fu, L$ep¡ D`v¡$i
L$p¡_p dpV¡$ R>¡ s¡ kdÆ iL$sp _\u hpõsrhL$sp A¡hu R>¡ L¡$ îyrs,: õd©rs A_¡
`yfpZdp„ r_ê$`pr^L$ ApÐdpdp„ D`pr^_p¡ Apfp¡` L$fu_¡, D`pr^hpmp¡ `fdpÐdp `|Å_¡
N°lZ L$f¡ R>¡. `p`_p¡ _pi L$f¡ R>¡, L©$`p L$f¡ R>¡. hN¡f¡ hN¡f¡ S>¡ S>¡ L$l¡hpey„ R>¡. s¡
sp¡ dydyn, kp^L$p¡ A_¡ AÝepÐd n¡Ó_p„ _hp _hp r_ipmuepAp¡ dpV¡$, s¡d_¡
D`pk_p A_¡ rQÑiyqÙ_p L$pe®_u â¡fZp Ap`hp dpV¡$ L$l¡gy„ R>¡. S>¡\u s¡Ap¡ S>`,
s`, qL$s®_, A_y›$p_ S>¡hp„ L$dp£ L$fu rQÑiyqÙ_p L$pe®dp„ âh©s \pe. s¡hu hpsp¡
L„$B sÐh_p ×rô$L$p¡Z\u ârs`pqv$s L$fhpdp„ Aph¡gu _\u. kÐe hõsy sp¡ lL$uL$sdp„
A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdp Ly$V$õ\ R>¡. Ak„N R>¡, qQÖz` R>¡, r_[ó¾$e R>¡, r_fhehu R>¡.
r_fpL$pf R>¡. s¡\u s¡ _\u L$d® L$fsp¡ L¡$ L$fphsp¡, _\u L„$B N°lZ L$fsp¡ L¡$ L„$B v$p_
Ap`sp¡, s¡ S> sÐh AÓ¡ kdÅhhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
rhcy A¡V$g¡ ìep`L$ ApÐdp, cL$sp¡_p„ `p` g¡sp¡ `Z _\u A_¡ `yÎe Ap`sp¡
`Z _\u. R>sp Aop_uAp¡_¡ `p` L$d®\u R>p¡X$phhp dpV¡$ kÐL$d® sfa hpmhp_p„ iyc
l¡sy\u ip÷p¡A¡ Ahíe A¡hy„ L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ ""L¡$hm õdfZ dpÓ\u S> `fdpÐdp A_¡L$
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S>Þdp¡_p„ L$f¡gp `p`p¡_p„ k„Qe_¡ lfu g¡ R>¡.'' Aphp ip÷ k|Q_\u `p`L$d® L$f_pf_¡
s¡dp„\u dyL$s L$fu cNhs õdfZ, S>` hN¡f¡ `peqòs L$d®dp„ Å¡X$u iL$pe, s¡ S>
kprÐhL$ l¡sy ip÷p¡_p¡ lp¡e R>¡. D`v¡$ip\£ Bðf_y„ dlÐh v$ip®hhp, `fdpÐdp_u õsyrs
L$fhp A_¡ dydyny_¡ rQÑiyqÙ A\£ Arcê$Qu DÐ`Þ_ L$fhp_p l¡sy\u D`pk_p„, S>`,
õdfZ, A_¡ cqL$s L¡$ L$d® rhi¡ s¡hy L$l¡hpe R>¡.
ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf, dp¡n, dyq L$s \pe L¡$hu fus¡ ?
b„^_ s|V¡$ i¡_p\u ?
dpÓ ApÐdop_ S> A¡L$ fõsp¡ R>¡ dyqL$s_p¡. s¡\u AÞe L$p¡B D`pe _\u.
ApÐdop_ L$B fus¡ dm¡ ? Aop__p¡ _pi L$fhp\u S> ApÐdop_ õhe„ âNV$ \pe
R>¡. îhZ, d__, hN¡f¡\u S>¡_¡ ApÐd-A_pÐdpê$`u rhh¡L$op_ dþey„ R>¡ s¡ op_\u
S> s¡_y„ ApÐdp rhi¡_y„ Aop_ _ô$ \ey„ R>¡. s¡hy„ AÓ¡ L$l¡hpey„ R>¡. ApÐdp_y„ Aop_
A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? ApÐdp_¡ Acph lsp¡ N¡flpS>fu lsu ?
ArõsÐh _ lp¡sy„ ? _p, _p, _p, A¡hy„ lfrNS> _l]. ÓZ¡ L$pm¡ S>¡_p¡ cph
R>¡. A[õsÐh R>¡ S>¡ L$pm\u `f L$pm_p¡ kpnu R>¡. kÑ_p¡ L$v$u Acph _\u ApÐdp
sp¡ cph õhê$` ""ks¹õhê$`, ArõsÐhõhê$`'', R>¡. `Z S>Zpsp¡ _\u A¡_¡ S>
Aop_ L$l¡ R>¡. Aop_ A¡V$g¡ S> ""AphfZ'' - `X$v$p S>¡hp¡ ârsb„^ S>¡_¡ AphfZ
L$l¡ R>¡. k|e® R>¡ sp¡ S> hpv$mp„ AphfZ b_u iL¡$ R>¡. Ap hpv$mp s¡ S> Aop_,
s¡S> AphfZ, s¡ lp¡e Ðép„ ky^u k|e®_¡ S>Zphp _ v¡$ hpv$mp Mku Åe s¡\u
hpv$mp„ k|e®_¡ v¡$MpX¡$ s¡d _tl. k|e® õhe„ âL$pi¡ R>¡. s¡ S> fus Aop_ê$`u AphfZ
Mku Åe Ðepf¡ op_õhê$` ApÐdp õhe„ âL$pi¡ R>¡. Apd Ap`Ï„ `p¡sp_y„ ApÐdop_
S>, Ap`Z_¡ k|e® S>¡d õ`ô$ fus¡ b°û sfuL¡$ Ål¡f L$f¡ L¡$ bû sfuL¡ âNV$$ L$f¡
R>¡.
sv¹$byûe : S>¡_¡ op_bm¡ Acep_yc|rs Ac¡v$p_yc|rs_p¡ A`fp¡n A_ych
\ep¡ R>¡. s¡_p Æh__y„ v$f¡L¡$ v$f¡L$ L$d® dpÓ b°ûde R>¡. S>¡_u byqÙ b°ûde \B
R>¡, s¡_¡ rQÑ S>¡hy„ S> lh¡ füy _\u, rQÑ Q¥sÞe \B Q|L$ey„ R>¡. s¡ S> L$pfZ¡
c¡v$v$i} d_ S S>ep„ fley„ _\u Apd Öíeâ`„Qi|Þe, rhn¡`frls, hpk_pi|Þe rQÑ
S> Q¥sÞe R>¡.

60
sÐ`fpeZ - S>¡_u â\d A_¡ A„rsd Nrs b°ûdpÓ R>¡. S>¡ r_f„sf ApÐdpfpd
R>¡, s¡ sÐ`fpeZ R>¡.
""op_r_^|®sL$ëdjp'' op_ Üpfp `p`frls \B_¡ S>¡ am dm¡ R>¡ s¡ S>Zphhp
L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡d `yõsL$_u A¡L$ `R>u buÆ Aph©rs R>`pe R>¡ A_¡ `yõsL$ `y_: âNV$
\pe R>¡ s¡d op_u_¡ S>¡ am dm¡ R>¡ s¡ buÆ Aph©rs rh_p_y„ R>¡. s¡_¡ ifufê$`u S>Þd
dþep¡ s¡ dþep¡, lh¡ L$p¡B `Z âL$pf_p¡ v¡$l kp\¡ `y_: S>Þd _lu \pe, afu\u
S>Þdhy„ _rl `X¡$. Aphu ipðs dyqL$s S> op__y„ am R>¡.
A-5-18 \u OZuhpf N|„QhZ L¡$ c°p„rs `¡v$p \pe R>¡. kdv$ri®_: _p¡ A\®
kdhs}-kdp_ hs®_ L$f_pf A¡hp¡ _ \hp¡ Å¡BA¡. L$pfZ L¡$ gp¡L$ ìehlpfdp„ b^pdp„
kdp_ ×rô$hpmp¡, kh® âpZu dpÓdp„ A¡L$ ApÐdp_¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡. s¡\u ìehlpf `Z
kdp_ S> lp¡e s¡ iL$e _\u, S>¡d L¡$ Npe, L|$sfp¡, lp\u, Qp„X$pg, b°ûZpqv$dp„ A¡L$
ApÐdp S> R>¡ s¡hy„ ÅZhp\u, S>epf¡ Ap„NZ¡ Npe Aph¡ Ðepf¡ s¡_¡ Opk _pMhpdp„
Aph¡ `Z Ðepf `R>u Å¡ ìeqL$s kdp_ hs®_ L$fhp_y„ rhQpf¡ A_¡ Npe `R>u S>¡
L$p¡B Ap„NZ¡ Aph¡ s¡_¡ Opk S> _p„M¡ sp¡ `R>u\u Aph_pf L|$sfp¡ Opk _ Mpe, A_¡
s¡ Opk Å¡ Qp„X$pg L¡$ b°pûZ_¡ A`pe sp¡ s¡ kdp_ ìelpf_p bv$g¡ A_\® ìehlpf
\B Åe. s¡\u Npe_¡ Opk, L|$sfp_¡ fp¡V$gu A_¡ b°pûZ Aph¡ sp¡ Apv$f kÐL$pf\u
cp¡S>_ s\p e\piqL$s v$rnZp Ap`hu S> ep¡Áe R>¡. ìehlpfdp„ sp¡ h¡v$pÞs¡
D`pr^c¡v$_p¡ õhuL$pf L$ep£ R>¡. s¡\u s¡hp c¡v¡$ ìehlpfdp„ Æhhpdp„ A_¡ ×rô$
`fdp\®dp„ fpMu kp¥dp„ A¡L$ S> ApÐdp_p„ v$i®_ L$fhpdp„ L$p¡B S> v$p¡j _\u.
S>¡_y„ d_ kd õhê$` b°ûdp„ S> [õ\s R>¡ A_¡ s¡\u S>¡ kh®Ó b°ûv$i®_ S>
L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hp op_u_¡ dep® `R>u dyqL$s _\u `Z Æhsp„ S> S>¡Z¡ Ap õhN® A¡V$g¡
L¡$ S>ÞddfZê$` k„kpf ÆÐep¡ R>¡. S>¡ kdcphdp„ Æh¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ S> b°pçlu [õ\rs âpá
\pe R>¡. l¡ ASy>®_ ! op_uAp¡ rhh¡L$u L¡$ by^S>_p¡ B[ÞÖe A_¡ rhjep¡_p kdpNd\u,
õ`i®\u S>¡ cp¡N L¡$ kyM DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡ s¡dp„ fdZ L$fsp„ _\u, R>sp„ Å¡
âpfå^Ns A¡hy„ kyM Aphu `X¡$ sp¡ s¡hp cp¡N kyM\u X$fu_¡ _pku S>sp¡ `Z _\u,
cp¡Nh¡ R>¡ R>sp„ s¡_u ×rô$dp„ BrÞÖe õ`i®_p cp¡N kde¡ `Z b°ûp_„v$_p¡,
klÅ_„v$_p¡, r_Å_„v$_p¡ L¡$ ApÐdp_„v$_p¡ S> Adf fk s¡ `uA¡ R>¡.

61
ifuf_p d©Ðey `òps¹ sp¡ Ap`p¡Ap` s¡ ifuf L$pd, ¾$p¡^, kyM A_¡ vy$:M\u `f
\i¡ S> `Z S>¡ eyhp_udp„ L$pd, ¾$p¡^\u rh_p âeÐ_¡ vy$f \i¡ S> `Z S>¡ eyhp_udp„
L$pd-¾$p¡^ kl_ L$fu iL¡$ A_¡ s¡_p„ `f L$pb| d¡mhu iL¡$ A_¡ Æhsp„ S> hpk_p
`f rhS>e d¡mhu iL¡$ s¡hp `yfyj_¡ S> ""eyL$s k kyMu _f:'' s¡ ep¡Nu R>¡, kyMu
R>¡. iy„ ÅZhp\u dyqL$s L¡$ ip„rs dm¡ ? îuL©$óZ L$l¡ R>¡ d_¡ ÅZu_¡ ipðs ip„rs
âpá \pe R>¡. îuL©$óZ A¡V$g¡ L$p¡Z ?
sp¡ S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ kh® L$dp£_y„ am R>¡. kh® L$dp£_p¡ cp¡L$sp R>¡ s¡_¡ ÅZhp¡:
D`pr^\u sp¡ Bðf sfuL¡$ kh® L$dp£_p am_p¡ cp¡L$sp s¡ S> R>¡. s¡_¡ D`pr^\u dyL$s
ÅZhp¡ A\p®s¹ kh® gp¡L$p¡_p¡ Bðf lp¡¡hp R>sp„ kh®\u rcÞ_, kh®_y„ Ar^›$p_,
kh®de A_¡ kh®_p ùv$ev¡$idp„ S>¡ D`gå^ R>¡ s¡\u S>¡_¡ ""kyùv$'' L$ley„ R>¡. s¡_¡
ÅZhp¡ kyü A¡V$g¡ S> kh®dp„ fl¡gp¡ A„sfpÐdp, A„sfpÐdp L$p¡B `Z bv$gp_u BÃR>p
rh_p_p, r_:õhp\£ D`L$pf L$f¡ R>¡.
spÐ`e®dp„ îuL©$óZ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ A„sfpÐdp A¡hp d_¡ S> `fb°û sfuL¡$ ÅZu_¡,
kh® gp¡L$p¡_p dlp_ Bðf sfuL¡$ `Z ""lz„ S> Ry>„''. s¡d ÅZu_¡, S>¡ L$p¡B dpfy„ d__
L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ ip„rs_¡ `pd¡ R>¡ A\p®s¹ dp¡nê$`u Dv$e-Aõs frls ipðs ip„rs_¡ S> `pd¡
R>¡.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 5 L$d®k„Þepk ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

62
AÝepe : 6 ApÐdk„ed ep¡N
Ap AÝepe_¡ Ýep_ep¡N, Aæepkep¡N, AÝepÐdep¡N s¡_¡ ApÐdk„edep¡N A¡hp
_pd\u `Z Ap¡mMhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. Ap AÝepedp„ Ýep_, tQs_, d__ L¡$
r_qv$Ýepk_ S>¡hu âq¾$ep L$lp¡ L¡$ ApÐdrhQpf_u rhQpfZp S>¡hu k|ÿd q¾$ep L$lp¡,
s¡_y„ hZ®_ R>¡. ApÐdprhQpfZp_p Ar^L$pfu _ \BA¡, Ðep„ ky^u L$d®ep¡N kp^_
R>¡, ApÐdrhQpfZp, Ýep_ L¡$ r_qv$Ýepk_ L$f_pfp¡ R>¡ L$p¡Z ? s¡ h¥fpÁe-rhh¡L$-
k„`Þ_ Ar^L$pfu R>¡ L¡$ `gpe_ hpO¡ R>¡ ? `p`_p¡, hpõsrhL$ âñ R>¡. k„Þepku R>¡
L$p¡Z ? iy„ s¡ b„_¡ A¡L$buÅ\u rcÞ_ R>¡ ? iy„ s¡ b„_¡ hÃQ¡ Ac¡v$ R>¡ ?
îuL©$óZ ep¡N A_¡ k„Þepk_p¡ ArcNd S>Zphu h¥QpqfL$ ¾$p„rs_p h„V$p¡m_¡ h¡N
Ap`sp„ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ L$d®amdp„ ApkqL$s R>p¡X$u L$d® L$f¡ R>¡, s¡ S> k„Þepku R>¡.
_l] L¡$ Ar‚ kp\¡_u L$d®L$p„X$ê$`u q¾$ep_¡ sS>hp dpÓ\u L$p¡B k„Þepku \pe R>¡ A_¡
s¡hu S> fus¡ v„$X$, L$d„X$m, cNhp h÷ ^pfZ L$fhp\u s\p dy„X$_ L$fhp\u `Z
L$p¡B kpQp¡ k„Þepku \sp¡ _\u, s¡hu S> fus¡ ep¡Nu_u ìep¿ep L$fsp„ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$
dpÓ q¾$ep_p¡ ÐepN L$f_pfp¡, Aq¾$e \hp\u L¡$ d|„Np¡, dp¥_u \hp\u ep¡Nu \B iL$sp¡
_\u. L$d®am_u A`¡np A_¡ AprkL$s_p¡ ÐepN L$ep® rh_p _\u L$p¡B ep¡Nu L¡$ _\u
L$p¡B k„Þepku.
îuL©$óZ_p„ ¾$p„rsL$pfu rhQpfp¡dp„ S>¡ õ_¡luAp¡\u k„b„^ sp¡X¡$, Of R>p¡X¡$, L$d®
ÐepNu `p¡sp_¡ AL$d®dp„ Å¡X¡$, k„Å¡Np¡\u lpf L$byg¡, Æh_ k„N°pd\u cpN¡, s¡
k„Þepku _\u. k„Þepk sp¡ bpü h„i Üpfp A×íe R>¡. k„ÞepkuA¡ g¡hp_u hõsy
_\u L¡$ _\u L$p¡B`Z cp¥[sL$ hõsy_p ÐepN\u âpàs \su v$uip, k„Þepku sp¡
Ap„sf A×íe v$ip R>¡. ""õh'' õhê$`dp„ ÅNhp\u op_de dm¡gu ×rô$ A¡ k„Þepk
R>¡. ASy>®__u `uX$p_y„ L$pfZ eyÙ L$d®dp„, tlkpdp„ _\u, `Z d__u hpk_pdp„ R>¡.
Å¡ d__p dp¡ldp„ R>¡. Å¡ d_dp„ hpk_p R>¡ sp¡ kpsdp„ `pspmdp„ `Z ip„rs _\u
L¡$ rldpge_p A¡L$pÞsdp„ `Z L$ep„e _ufh õ\m _\u. hpk_p S> Op¢OpV$ ip¡f,
L$p¡gplg A_¡ Aip„rs R>¡. L$d®am_u BÃR>p L¡$ hpk_p _\u, sp¡ S>ep„ Ap`Z¡ R>uA¡
Ðép„ S> k„Þepk R>¡, s¡ S> ep¡N R>¡.
k„Þepk A¡V$g¡ S> ''ep lp¡d'' L$fu_¡ L|$v$hy„, s¡dp„ _\u L$p¡B k„L$ë` crhóe_p¡,
fnZ_p¡, kgpdsu_p¡, bQph_p¡ k„Þepkdp„ ×Y$ r_òe R>¡ L¡$ `fdpÐdp S> Qp¡d¡f lp\
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a¡gphu_¡ Ecp¡ R>¡, `R>u L|$v$sp„ hpf L¡$hu ! kyfnp_p¡ k„L$ë` S> b„^_ R>¡. k„Þepk_p¡
A\® S> R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdõhê$`_¡ k\hpf¡ lz„ d©Ðey_¡ _p\y„ s¡ lz„, A\p®s¹ d©Ðey `|h£ S> S>¡
ifuf_¡ dpf¡ s¡ k„Þepk R>¡. dp¡s `|h£ dfhp_u L$mp lõNs L$f¡ s¡ k„Þepku R>¡.
""^°yh„ S>Þd d©sõe Q'' `f„sy k„Þepk A¡V$g¡ op_dp„ ifuf_y„ A¡hy„ d©Ðey L¡$ S>¡_¡
L$v$u `y_:S>Þd _ \pe dpV¡$ S> k„L$ë`_p ÐepN_¡ k„Þepk L$l¡ R>¡.
k„L$ë`dp„ S> b„^_ A_¡ S>Þd R>¡. k„Þepk sp¡ ifuf kp\¡ dfhp_u L$mp R>¡.
A\p®s¹ Æh_dyqL$s_u Av¹$cys v$ip R>¡. Aphp¡ op_\u Ag„L$© s k„Þepk g¡hpsp¡ _\u,
A`psp¡ _\u `Z ùv$edp„\u ÅN¡ R>¡, rhh¡L$\u âNV$ \pe R>¡. s¡hp k„_epkdp„ _\u
Æhsp¡ k„L$ë` fpN_p¡ L¡$ _\u Æhsp¡ Ü¡j_p¡.
âñ \pe L¡$ L$d® L$fhp„ L$ep„ ky^u ! iy„ Æh_cf L$d® S> L$ep® L$fhp ? îuL©$óZ
S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡hp¡ S>¡_p¡ Ar^L$pf lp¡e s¡hp¡ S> s¡_p¡ ApQpf lp¡hp¡ Å¡BA¡. L$d® rh_p
rQÑiyqÙ _Å, A_¡ rQsiyqÙ rh_p op_ _\u. dpV¡$ op_ Üpfp dyqL$s d¡mhhp
DÐkyL$ ApfynyA¡ sp¡ r_óL$pd L$d® L$fhp„ S> Bô$ R>¡. `Z âñ \pe L¡$ s¡Z¡ L$ep„
ky^u L$d® L$fhp¡ s¡ DÑf R>¡ L¡$ â\d r_óL$pd L$d®ê$`u âh©rs L$fu rQsiyqÙ L$fhu
A_¡ A„s¡ sp¡ k„Þepk gB r_h©rs S> L$fhu Å¡BA¡. rQÑiyqÙ \B Nep `R>u L„$B
L$d®_u _p¥L$p dp\¡ dyL$u_¡ afhp_u S>ê$f _\u. `R>u sp¡ _p¥L$p qL$_pf¡ dyL$u_¡ kh® L$d®
k„Þepk_p `„\¡ rhlpf L$fhp¡ A¡S> spÐ`e® R>¡.
S>¡ `k„v$Nu _y„ Æh_ `k„v$Nu frls R>¡. L$v$u L$p¡B_u `k„v$Nu _ L$fhu s¡S>
s¡_u qv$ìe `k„v$Nu i|Þe A¡ S> s¡_y„ Æh_ iuj®L$ R>¡. dpV¡$ op_u _ sp¡ â¡ddp„
`pNg R>¡ _ ^yÁNpdp„ b¡ V$p¡V$p R>¡, _ ^_ dpV¡$ rhrn¿e R>¡. ÐepN dpV¡$ b¡Q¡_ R>¡.
v$f¡L$ `[fõ\rs dpV¡$ s¡_¡ D`¡np R>¡. L$p¡B dpV¡$ `k„v$Nu _\u, s¡\u s¡_¡ id (Ac„N
ip[Þs) R>¡, ip„qs R>¡. _\u k„Oj® L¡$ _\u tQsp, R>¡ s¡_¡ kh®Ó kdsp. Aphu
op_ê$Y$_u kdÐh ×rô$ A¡ S> kpnpÐL$pf R>¡. s¡S> s¡_y„ kpQy„ ApÐdõhê$` R>¡.
AÝepe-6dp„ rij®L$ _¡ kp\®L$ L$fhp_u qv$ipdp„ lh¡ rhQpfZp iê$ \pe R>¡
ApÐdk„ed ep¡N A¡V$g¡ d__p„ S> k„ed_p¡ ep¡N AÓ¡ kdS>hp_p¡ R>¡. AÓ¡
""ApÐdp_p¡'' A\® ""ÆhpÐdp s\p d_'' g¡hp\u S> kdÆ iL$pi¡ L¡$ d__p„
k„ed_u hps - S>¡dp d_ L¡$hu fus¡ d_yóe_y„ rdÓ R>¡. A_¡ L$B fus¡ s¡ iÓy \B
iL¡$ s¡d R>¡. L$B fus¡ `p¡s¡ `p¡sp_p¡ DÙpf L$fu iL¡$ ""DÜpf¡v$pÐd_pÐd_d¹''
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ApÐdp Üpfp ApÐd_p¡ DÙpf L$f¡ ANf `p¡sp Üpfp `p¡sp_p¡ DÙpf L$f¡. Alu
A¡hu i„L$p Dv¹$ch¡ L¡$ `p¡s¡ `p¡sp_p¡ DÙpf L$B fus¡ L$fu iL¡$ ? `p¡s¡ `p¡sp_p Mcp
D`f L$B fus¡ b¡ku iL¡$ ? sp¡ Ðep„ s¡hy„ kdp^p_ L$fu iL$pe L¡$ S>¡d L$p¡B Ly$hp,
smphdp„ `X$u S>hp\u `p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp_p¡ bQph L$fu A„s¡ blpf _uL$mu_¡ bQ¡ R>¡.
s¡d k„kpfdp„ X|$b¡gp¡ ""lz„ L$sp® Ry>„.'' ""cp¡L$sp Ry>„'' s¡hp dp¡Å\u Apds¡d
A\X$psp¡, `p¡sp_¡ rhh¡L$-h¥fpÁepqv$ kp^_ A_¡ îhZ d__ Üpfp `p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp_¡
bQphu iL¡$ R>¡ L$ë`pW$X$p_¡ dpNp£ gB S>B iL¡$ R>¡. A_¡ s¡ S> `p¡s¡ L$f¡gp¡ `p¡sp_p
DÙpf R>¡.
ApÐdp Å¡ L$sp® _\u sp¡ `p¡s¡ `p¡sp_p¡ DÙpf L$f¡ L¡$d ? L$pfZ DÙpf L$f_pf
`Z ApÐdp A_¡ S>¡_p¡ DÙpf \pe s¡ `Z ApÐdp R>¡. Aphu i„L$p_¡ vy$f L$fhp AÓ¡
""ApÐdp_d¹ D^f¡s'' _p¡ A\® kdÆ_¡ L$fhp\u Ap`Z¡ iåv$p¡_p„ A×íe k„L¡$sp¡
ky^u `lp¢Qu iL$uiy„. dpV¡$ ""ApÐdp_d¹'' _p¡ A\® d__p¡ D^f¡s¹ DÙpf L$f¡. A¡hp
A\® OV$_dp„ âñ \pe L¡$ L¡$hp d__p¡ DÙpf L$fhp¡ ? sp¡ DÑf R>¡ Arhh¡L$u d__p¡.
hpk_pN°õs, Ak„ed A_¡ AiyÙ d__p¡ `Z L$p¡_p Üpfp ? sp¡ DÑf R>¡ d_ Üpfp
S>. `Z L¡$hp sp¡ d_ Üpfp ? L¡$ rhh¡L$u d_ Üpfp DÑf L¡$ d_ Üpfp S> sp¡ õ`ô$
S> R>¡ L¡$ ApÐdp Üpfp A¡V$g¡ L¡$ rhh¡L$u d_ A¡ S> k„edu iyÙ, hpk_p dyL$s,
rhjepkqL$s frls d_ R>¡. s¡hp rhh¡L$u d_ Üpfp Arhh¡L$u d__p¡ DÙpf L$fhp¡ s¡
S> AÓ¡ sÐhp\® L$lep¡ R>¡. ApÐdp=rhh¡L$u d_ A¡ ÆhpÐdp_p¡ rdÓ R>¡. A_¡ Arhh¡L$u
d_ A¡ S> ÆhpÐdp_p¡ iÓy R>¡.
b„^_ A_¡ dyrL$s b„_¡ d__p„ ^d® R>¡. S>¡_p¡ ×Y$ r_Z®e R>¡ L¡$ ""lz„ kv$p kh®v$p
ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê`¡ kdÐhcph¡ S> Ry>„''. lz„ sp¡ rih õhê$` Ry>„. `fd
L$ëepZL$pfu Ry>„. s¡\u S> dpf¡ _ dyrL$s R>¡ _ b„^_ R>¡ s¡hy„ rhQpf_pfu rhh¡L$u
d_hpmu ìeqL$s L$v$u ÆhpÐdp_¡ A^p¡Nrsdp„ gB S>su _\u, `f„sy d__¡ rhjep¡\u
dyL$s L$fu rdÓ b_ph¡ R>¡. S>¡ d_ rdÓ b_¡ R>¡ s¡ S> b°ûdp„ b°ûrhQpf\u b°ûde
b_¡ R>¡. b°ûê$` b_¡ R>¡.
rS>spÐd_=rS>s¡[ÞÖ S>¡ `p¡sp_p Ap„sf õhê$`_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡, s¡_¡ kamsp,
r_óamsp, dp_-A`dp__p¡ õ`i® _\u. L$pfZ L¡$ ÜÞÖ_u sdpd OV$_p„ Ap`Zp„
Ap„sf õhê$`_u blpf \pe R>¡, A„v$f sp¡ ApÐdpfpd A¡L$ S> R>¡. hpõshdp„ kyM vy$:M
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kp\¡_y„ spv$pÐde sp¡X$hy„ s¡ S> Æh__u dlp_ Dо$p„rs R>¡, S>¡\u Ap`Z¡ kyM vy$:M\u
`f \B iL$uA¡. kyM vy$:M Aph¡ R>¡ A_¡ Åe R>¡. Ap_„v$ sp¡ dpfy„ õhê$` R>¡. S>¡
_ Åe R>¡ L¡$ _ Aph¡ S>¡ `v$ ârs›$p k„`rs A_¡ kyM_p õ`i®\u v|$f S>B iL¡$
_rl. s¡ L$v$u vy$:M A`dp_, rh`rÑ, r_fpip A_¡ [_óamsp\u `Z k„b„^ sp¡X$u
iL¡$ _tl L¡$ s¡_p¡ k„N R>p¡X$u iL$i¡ _tl A_¡ `fdpÐdp_¡ klS>sp\u kh®Ó kdprls
\B iL$i¡ `Z _l].
ep¡Nê$Y$-S>epf¡ ìeqL$s B[ÞÖep¡_p„ rhjep¡dp„ ApkL$s \sp¡ _\u, L$sp®-cp¡L$sp
cph\u dyL$s lp¡hp\u s¡ L$d®dp„ `Z ApiL$s \sp¡ _\u, Ðepf¡ s¡ k„`|Z® k„L$ë`p¡\u
dyL$s \pe R>¡. Ap ìeqL$s ep¡Nê$Y$ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
S>¡_u ×rô$dp„ dpV$u, `Õ\f A_¡ kp¡_y„ kh® L$p„B kfMp R>¡. sÐh_u ×rô$A¡ s¡dp„
S>¡ L$p¡B c¡v$ Å¡sp¡ _\u. kh®dp„ b°ûv$i®__ S> S>¡_p¡ ep¡N R>¡, dpÓ Ar^›$p__¡ S>
Sy>A¡ R>¡. L|$V$õ\- S>¡ L$p¡B `Z k„Å¡N L¡$ `qf[õ\rsdp„ ArhL$pfu fl¡ R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$
gylpf_u A¡fZ S>¡d fl¡ R>¡. ApÐdõhê$`dp„ rõ\s fl¡ R>¡. s¡_p `f cg¡ k„Å¡N_p„
OZ `X¡$ s¡ L$v$u `Z vy$:M_p„ Op\u rhl¹hm \sp¡ _\u L¡$ kyM_u R>p¡mp¡ \u R>L$u
S>sp¡ _\u. `f„sy kv$p kh®v$p ArhQm fl¡ R>¡. îyrs S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""h©n kd fl¡hy„,
L$p`hp\u _ L$p¡` L$fhp¡. _ ce\u L$p`hy„'' s¡ sp¡ kh® L$p„B kl_ L$f¡ R>¡. ârsq¾$ep
rh_p„ Aphp¡ ep¡Npê$Y$ S> L|$V$õ\ L$l¡hpe R>¡,
L$p¡B _pd ê$`, Års, NyZ, A_¡ q¾$ep_p¡ rhQpf L$ep® rh_p kh®dp„ b°ûbyqÙ
L¡$ kdÐh_u byqÙ L$fhu S> î¡›$ R>¡, S>¡d Of¡Zp„ Mfuv$su hMs¡ S>¡ v$pNu_p„ Sy>A¡
R>¡ s¡ R>¡sfpe R>¡, kp¡_p_¡ Å¡_pfp¡ R>¡sfpsp¡ _\u s¡d õhp\® frls rls L$f_pf, rdÓ,
Aqf-iÓy, Dv$pku_ dÝeõ\, Ü©¡óe, b„^y, kp^y, `p`u Apqv$ _pd A_¡ ApL$pf
dpÓ_¡ Å¡_pf k„kpf\u R>¡sfpB S>Þd-d©Ðey_p Q¾$_¡ `pd¡ R>¡.
L$pfZ L¡$ c¡v$v$i} R>¡. S>epf¡ s¡ kh®dp„ b°û_y„ v$i®_ L$f¡ R>¡. s¡ Ac¡v$v$i}
Adfsp_¡ âpá L$f¡ R>¡. Al] îuL©$óZ_p¡ ArcNd AÐe„s î¡›$ A_¡ Agp¥L$uL$ R>¡.
kp¡_y„, dpV$u, `Õ\fdp„ kdÐh_u ×rô$ L$fhu kfm R>¡. s¡Ap¡ S>X$ R>¡. `Z iÓy A_¡
rdÓdp„ kdsp Å¡hu dyíL¡$g R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡ Q¡s_ R>¡. dlpcpfs_y„ eyÙ A¡L$ A_p¡My„,
Av¹$c|s, ArhõdfZue eyÙ R>¡. S>ep„ hpõshdp„ iÓy L¡$ rdÓ_u L$p¡B qv$hpg S> _\u.
S>¡ L$p¡B eyÙdp„ R>¡ s¡ kh£_u h¡ic|jp k¥r_L$_u R>¡. `Z kp¥ A¡L$buÅ_p„ õ_¡lu S>
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R>¡. k„b„^u R>¡. õhe„ îu L©$óZ_u kpd¡ s¡d_u S> k¡_p R>¡. îuL©$óZ `p¡sp_u S>
k¡_p, `p¡sp_p„ S> k¡_p`rs_u kpd¡ eyÙdp„ Ecp R>¡, L¡$hu rhrQÓsp ? L¡$hy„ Ap
Apòe® ? dpV¡$ S> AÓ¡ kdS>hp_y„ R>¡ L¡$ tQsp R>p¡X$p¡, iÓy rdÓcph kp\¡ k„b„^
sp¡X$p¡, kdÐhcphdp„, b°ûcphdp„ `p¡sp_¡ Å¡X$p¡ A_¡ L|$V$õ\ cph¡ k„N°pddp„ eyÙ L$fp¡.
îuL©$óZ ASy>®__¡ cpV$QpfZ_u S>¡d eyÙ_p¡ `p_p¡ QX$phhp dp„Nsp _\u. s¡d_y„ gÿe
ASy>®__¡ ep¡Ùp b_phhp_y„ _\u, `Z eyL$s ep¡Nu b_phhp_y„ R>¡. eyÙ_p¡ ÐepN
L$fphhp¡ L¡$ L$p¡B_¡ eyÙ¡ QX$phhp¡ kfm R>¡. `Z kdÐhep¡Ndp„ L$p¡B_¡ rõ\f L$fhp¡ s¡
Dо$p„rs R>¡. îuL©$óZ ASy>®__¡ ep¡Npê$Y$ b_phhp D`v¡$i Ap`¡ R>¡.
ep¡Npê$Y$_p„ gnZp¡ S>Zpìep bpv$ lh¡ op__u ×Y$sp âpá L$fhp dpV¡$
r_qv$Ýepk_ A_¡ ApÐdkpnpÐL$pfê$` S>¡ kdpr^ R>¡ s¡_¡ dpV¡$_p kfm D`pe s¡_p„
A„Np¡ kp\¡ S>Zphhp_u iê$Aps L$f¡ R>¡.
ep¡NuA¡ A¡L$pÞsdp„ flu kh® âL$pf_p„ k„`L®$\u v|$f fl¡hy„ b°ûp_y„ k„^p_
L$f_pfpA¡ A¡L$gp S> fl¡hy„ sprÐhL$ ×rô$A¡ ""A¡L$pÞs'' A_¡ ""A¡L$gp„'' dp„ dp¡V$p¡ c¡v$
R>¡. A¡L$pÞs A¡V$g¡ AÞe_u N¡flpS>fu _l]. r_S>®_ õ\m A¡ A¡L$pÞs _\u.
rldpge_u L„$v$fp L¡$ Of_p„ cp¢efpdp„ b„^ \hp\u Ðep„ AÞe L$p¡B _rl lp¡e, R>sp„
A¡L$p„s _rl dm¡. L$pfZ L¡$ cuX$, dpZkp¡ Ap`Zp„ d_dp„ S> R>¡. S>¡V$gu h^y hpk_p
s¡V$gp¡ h^y L$p¡gplg, Ap„Mp¡ b„^ li¡ R>sp„ d_dp„ A_¡L$ dpZkp¡, Öíep¡, rdÓp¡,
iÓyAp¡ crhóe_u ep¡S>_pAp¡ ìep`pf, _ap¡ hN¡f¡ v¡$Mpe R>¡. s¡\u A¡L$pÞs ip¡^hy„
dyíL¡$g R>¡. hpk_p„i|Þe [õ\rs S> A¡L$pÞs R>¡. S>¡_¡ A¡L$pÞs_y„ op_ R>¡ s¡ cfbÅfdp„
`Z A¡L$gp¡ R>¡. S>epf¡ Aop_u cp¢efpdp„ Nyapdp„ A¡L$gp¡ Ahíe li¡. `Z k„kpf
s¡_p d__u A„v$f li¡ A_¡ s¡ rõ\f b¡W$p¡ b¡W$p¡ A_¡L$ õ\m¡ L|$v$sp¡ b„v$f dpÓ li¡.
d__u dp„Np¡_u õdip_epÓp L$pY$ep `R>u, hpk_p_¡ r_d|®m L$ep® `R>u S> op_u_¡ S>¡
A¡L$pÞs R>¡, s¡dp„ d__p¡ âh¡i b„^ R>¡. A¡L$gp¡ \pe A_¡ Apip-BÃR>p, hpk_p
dyL$s \pe sp¡ S> kpQy„ A¡L$pÞs S>X¡$.
A„s:L$fZ_u iyqÙ dpV¡$ R> gnZ S>Zpìep„ R>¡. s¡dp r_fpip `Z R>¡. B[ÞÖe
A_¡ âpZk„ed, A¡L$p„shpk, Aë`cp¡S>_, dp¥_ Ap D`fp„s A`qfN°l ApV$gy„ rkÙ
\ep `R>u L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ d_ A_¡ ifuf_u BrÞÖep¡_¡ hi L$fu, ep¡NuA¡ rQÑ_¡ kss
`fdpÐdpdp„ gNpX$hy„ A\p®s¹ rQÑ_¡ b°ûrhQpfdp„ Å¡X$hy„. ""lz„ r_Ðe iyÙ, byÙ,

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dyL$s, ks¹, rQs¹, Ap_„v$ b°û S> Ry>„. A_¡ b°û R>¡ s¡S> lz„ Ry>„.'' Aphy„ r_qv$Ýepk_
L¡$ b°ûp_yk„^p_ L$fhp_p¡ k„v$¡ i R>¡.
r_qv$Ýepk_, Ýep_ L¡$ b°ûp_y„k„^p_ L¡$hu fus¡ L$fhy„?
`rhÓ õ\p_dp„, S>ep„ drg_ hpk_phpmp_p¡ âh¡i _ lp¡e s¡hy„ õ\m
ep¡Npæepk dpV¡$ `rhÓ d_pe R>¡. Ly$i A¡V$g¡ v$c®_y„ Apk_ kp¥\u _uQ¡ s¡_u D`f
d©NQd® A_¡ kp¥\u D`f h÷ `p\fu Apk_ gNpX$hy„. AÓ¡ Apk__u hps D`f\u
õhcprhL$ âñ ÅN¡ L¡$ ep¡Npê$Y$_u hps `R>u A¡L$v$d Apk_ S>¡hu âp\rdL$ L$np_u
hps L¡$d ? rhQpfL$_¡ âñ sp¡ \hp_p¡ S> L¡$ Apk_ Nd¡ Ðep„ lp¡e A_¡ Nd¡ s¡hy„
lp¡e, khpg A¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ d_ âcydp„ R>¡ L¡$ _l] \p¡Xy$„ d__ L$eȳ dy¼ey„ li¡ s¡_¡ hmu
\i¡ L¡$ Apqv$ i„L$fpQpe®Æsp¡ gM¡ R>¡ L¡$, ""S>¡ kh®_p¡ Ap^pf R>¡. Ar^›$p_ R>¡ s¡_¡
hmu Apk_ L¡$hy„ ? A_¡ L$ep„? S>¡ `|Z® kh®ìepá R>¡ s¡_y„ Aphpl¹_ L$ep„ ? s¡_¡
Apk_ L¡$hy„ ?
Å¡ Aphu i„L$p ÅN¡ sp¡ kdS>hy„ L¡$ b„_¡ hps kÐe R>¡. Apqv$ i„L$fpQpe®Æ
AÙ¡s Ac¡v$ ×rô$A¡ hps L$f¡ R>¡ S>¡ op_pê$Y$ dpV¡$ e\p®\ R>¡. AÓ¡ îuL©$óZ_p„ hQ_
Apfyfyny_¡ kdÅhhp dpV¡$ R>¡. s¡\u Apk__u âp\rdL$ hps `Z A¡V$gu S> kÐe R>¡.
kp^L$, dydyny L¡$ _hp r_ipmuep_¡ L$l¡hy„ `X¡$ L¡$ ""S>¡ [õ\f lp¡e A_¡ kyM\u \B
iL¡$ s¡ Apk_ R>¡.'' S>epf¡ S>epf¡ Apê$Y$ L$lu iL¡$ L¡$ ifuf [õ\f lp¡e L¡$ _ lp¡e
Ap„sfkyM S> rõ\f lp¡hy„ Å¡BA¡. Å¡ kyM rõ\f li¡ sp¡ Apk__u tQsp _\u, Aphp¡
ArcNd ep¡Npê$Y$_p¡ lp¡B iL¡$ AÓ¡ îuL©$óZ_y„ hQ_ kp`¡n R>¡, kp^L$ dpV¡$ R>¡. bpL$u
op_u_¡ sp¡ ""õhê$`dp'' (õ\rs A¡S> rkÙpk_¹ R>¡.)
Apk__¡ bfp¡bf Np¡W$hu d__¡ A¡L$pN° L$fhy„ A_¡ rQÑ A_¡ BrÞÖep¡_¡
q¾$epAp¡_u fp¡L$u A„s:L$fZ_u iyqÙ dpV¡$ S> ep¡N_p¡ Aæépk L$fhp¡. d__u iyqÙ dpV¡$
iy„ L$fhy„ ? sp¡ DÑf R>¡ L¡$ s¡ Apk_ `f b¡ku d__¡ A¡L$pN° L$fu, `fb°ûdp„ [õ\f
L$fu A„s:L$fZ iyqÙ dpV¡$ ep¡N L$fhp¡, A¡V$g¡ L¡$ ApÐdtQs_ L$fhy„. A„s:L$fZ iyqÙ
A¡V$g¡ S> hpk_p ÐepN, v¡$lcph_p¡ _pi, rhjeh©rÑ_u r_h©rs, L$sp® cp¡L$sp cph_p¡
Acph Aphu iyqÙ dpV¡$ S> d__¡ b°ûcph_pdp„ Å¡X$hp_y„ L$ley„ R>¡, s¡_p\u rQÑ
Q¥sÞe_y„ A¥L$e k^pi¡ A_¡ rQÑ hpk_pi|Þe \B iyÙ \i¡, s¡ S> rkqÙ R>¡.

68
R>sp„ Aphu k|ÿd âq¾$ep_u T„TV$\u R|>V$hp dpV¡$ L¡$V$gpL$ A„^îÙpmy, Aop_uAp¡,
L$p¡B dlpÐdp `pk¡ dp\¡ lp\ dyL$phu_¡ L¡$ L$`pmdp„ dlpÐdp_p¡ A„N|W$p¡ v$bphX$phu_¡
rQÑ_u A¡L$pN°sp dpV¡$ âeÐ_ L$f¡ R>¡, sp¡ L$p¡B iqL$s`ps S>¡hu c°p„rsdp„ Æh__p¡
kde h¡X$a¡ R>¡. Å¡ s¡hy„ kÐe lp¡e sp¡ îuL©$óZ ASy>®__¡ Aphu ep¡N_u _ sp¡
riMpdZ Ap`¡, _ D`v¡$i L$f¡ `Z îuL©$óZ sp¡ _\u ASy>®__¡ Ýep_ L¡$ rQÑ_u
A¡L$pN°sp dpV¡$ dp\¡ lp\ dyL$sp _\u A„N|W$p¡ v$bphsp _\u iqL$s`ps L$fsp. `f„sy
kpQp¡ îyrs-k„es A_¡ A„^îÙp, ApX„$bf rdÕepQpf\u dyL$s S>¡ r_Ðe, _‚,
r_:k„v¡$l kÐe R>¡ s¡_p¡ S> fõsp¡ bsph¡ R>¡. Æh_dyqL$s dpV¡$ r_qv$Ýepk_ L¡$
ep¡Np_y›$p_ Ahíe L$fhy„,
lh¡ ep¡Npæepk L$f_pfp dpV¡$ Aplpfrhlpf S>¡hp„ A„Np¡ kdÅhhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
Arscp¡S>_ _yL$ip_L$pfL$ R>¡, s¡\u AÆ®Z, L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c hN¡f¡dp„ h©qÙ S> \pe
R>¡, Apmk, sdk_u h©qÙ L$f¡ R>¡ S>¡ ep¡Ndp„ rhÂ_ b_¡ R>¡ lh¡ s¡\u rhfyÙ qv$ipdp„
`Z rbgLy$g AÞ_p¡ÐepN L¡$ D`hpk L$fhp s¡ `Z ep¡Áe _\u. sv¹$_ _ Mphp\u
ifuf_u fnp _l] \pe, A_¡ Å¡ ifuf - õhpõÕe kpfy„ _ lp¡e sp¡ ^d®_u fnp `Z
_ \pe. rQÑ kp\ _tl Ap`¡, r_b®m rQÑ ApÐdtQs_ dpV¡$ Ar^L$pfu _\u.
D`hpk\u sp¡ Al„L$pf `yÅ \i¡. `¡`fdp„ ap¡V$p R>`pi¡, kdpS>dp„ _pd Nhpi¡,
hplhpl \i¡, ip¡cpepÓp r_L$mi¡. Aphu Al„L$pf_u `yÅ ep¡Ndp„ rhÂ_ rkhpe L„$B
S> _\u. s¡ D`fp„s S>¡ L$p¡B h^y D`hpk L$f¡ R>¡ s¡_p¡ h^y kde qv$hp õhà_dp„
`kpf \pe R>¡. Sepf¡ sp[ÐhL$ ×rô$A¡ ""D`hpk'' ""D`'' A¡V$g¡ `pk¡ A_¡ ""hpk''
A\p®s¹ fl¡hy„ `fdpÐdp_u `pk¡ fl¡hy„. `fdpÐdp_p„ õdfZdp„, rhQpfdp„ frl_¡ S> s¡_y„
kpr_Ýe dm¡ s¡_¡ S> D`hpk L$l¡hpe R>¡. ""Ars kh®Ó hS>®e¡s'' Ars_p¡ r_Ðe
ÐepN L$fhp¡, L$pfZ L¡$ ""Ars'' A¡ S> T¡f R>¡. Æh_huZp_p„ spf A¡V$gp _ L$khp
L¡$ s|V$u Åe, s¡d S> A¡V$gp Y$ugp `Z _ fpMhp L¡$ S>¡\u kyf S> _ _uL$m¡, Æh__u
kp^_p_u A_¡ kp^__u kdsygp S>mhpe fl¡.
""kdÐh'' Aplpf dpV¡$ L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ S>W$f _¡ A_yL|$m A_¡ Ap¡R>p QfbueyL$s
`v$p\p£ ep¡N dpV¡$ h^y D`ep¡Nu R>¡. D`fp„s Mp¡fpL$_u kds|gp Åmhhp dpV¡$ ""S>W$f_p¡
A^p£ cpN cp¡S>_\u cfp¡ ÓuÅ¡ cpN `pZu\u cfp¡ A_¡ Qp¡\p¡ cpN bpL$u R>¡ s¡
hpey_u AhfS>hf dpV¡$ Mpgu fpMp¡.'' Mp¡fpL$ A_¡ q_Öpdp„ k„`|Z® kdsygp S>mhpe

69
sdpd Ars_p¡ ÐepN \pe s¡ S> ep¡N_u kdÐh_u ×rô$ R>¡, A_¡ s¡hu ×rô$
hNf_p_¡ ep¡N L$v$u D`gå^ \sp¡ _\u.
ifuf, Ddf, L$pe®, lhpdp_, Apbp¡lhp, âL©$rs, ê$Qu, õhpõÕe Å¡B kdÆ_¡
S> v$f¡L¡$ ep¡Áe Aplpf rhlpf _½$u L$fhp¡. S>¡ eyL$s Aplpf rhlpf, L$d®, JO, A_¡
ÅNfZhpmp¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ vy$:M rh_piL$ ep¡N âpá \pe R>¡, Aphp¡ ep¡N S> c¡v$dp„ Ac¡v$
A_¡ A_¡L$dp„ A¡L$Ðh_u Agp¥qL$L$ ×rô$ âv$p_ L$f¡ R>¡. S>ep„ c¡v$v$i} rQÑ _\u Ðep„
v¥$s _\u. v¥$s _\u Ðep„ ce _\u. s¡hp ep¡Nu_¡ S> ep¡NdyL$s L¡$ ep¡Npê$Y$ L$l¡hpe
R>¡ qv$`L$ AQg A_¡ âL$pi õhê$` R>¡. s¡d ep¡Npê$Y$_y„ rQÑ hpk_p„, k„L$ë` L¡$
rhjecp¡N_p„ hpey\u Qgpedp_ \sy„ _\u. rQÑ_¡ h©rsiyÞe L$fhy„ s¡_¡ S> ep¡N
L$l¡hpe R>¡, s¡ S> ep¡NrkqÙ R>¡.
Aphp¡ A_„s A_¡ AsurÞÖe kyM_p¡ A_ych L$f_pf ep¡Nu L$p¡B `Z ârsL|$m
k„Å¡Np¡dp„, sÐh_¡ ÅZu, ApÐdsÐhdp„ [õ\f \e¡gp¡ sÐhde \e¡gp¡ lp¡hp\u
rhQgus \sp¡ _\u. L$pfZ L¡$ r_Ðe r_qv$kÝepk_ L$fhp\u s¡_¡ õ`ô$ S> R>¡ L¡$
epÓp L$fi¡ ifuf, lz„ sp¡ eyNp¡\u [õ\f Ry>„ A_¡ flui L„$`_ \i¡ ifufdp„, lz„ sp¡
r_óL„$` Ry>„ cecus \i¡ d_ lz„sp¡ Ace Ry>„ L$v$ê$`y„ b_i¡ ifuf lz„ sp¡ Aifufu Ry>„
L$`pi¡ Aheh L¡$ A„N lz„ sp¡ r_fhehu A_¡ A_„N Ry>„. dfi¡ v¡$l L¡$ ifuf lz„ sp¡
Ad©s Ry>„ vy$:M$u \i¡ d_ lz„ sp¡ d__p¡ ×ô$p, d_\u dyL$s Þepfp¡ ipðs¹ A_„s kyM
õhê$` Ry>„ s¡hy„ dp_u `R>u rhQgus \sp¡ _\u.
b°ûrhQpf\u S>¡ b°ûo \ep¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ dpV¡$ Aphp ApÐdgpc \u dp¡V$p¡ L$p¡B
AÞe gpc R>¡ S> _l]. s¡ S> `fd `yfyjp\® R>¡ A_¡ ApÐdop_\u S> sÐL$pm `fd
ip„rs dm¡ R>¡. `R>u s¡_¡ A`dp__p¡ õ`i® _\u. dp¡s_p¡ X$f _\u vy$:M_p¡ ce _\u.
S>¡_¡ b°ûp_„v$_p¡ A_ych R>¡ s¡ L$v$u rhQgus \sp¡ _\u.
_|s_ ArcNd Üpfp ep¡N_u S>¡ ìep¿ep AÓ¡ A`pB R>¡ s¡ dyS>b vy$:Mê$`u
k„kpf_p¡ rhep¡N A¡ S> ep¡N R>¡ - A¡d L$ley„ R>¡. S>Þd\u S> kp¥_¡ k„kpf_p¡, vy$:M_p¡
ep¡N sp¡ âpá S> R>¡. s¡\u ep¡N L$p¡B_¡ L$fhp_p¡ _\u. kpQp¡ ep¡N sp¡ k„kpf_p¡
rhep¡N L$fhpdp„ S> kdpe¡gp¡ R>¡. S>Þd\u A_pÐdp kp\¡, Öíe\u â`„Q kp\¡, S>X$
ifuf kp\¡ S>¡ spv$pÐçe ê$`u ep¡N \ep¡ R>¡. s¡ spv$pÐde sp¡X$hp\u S> vy$:M kp\¡_y„
spv$pÐde s|V$i¡. Apd ×íe, â`„Q: S>X$ ifuf A_¡ k„kpf_p¡ k„ep¡N s|V$sp S> ep¡N
âpá \i¡.
70
k„kpf_u cp¥rsL$ epÓpdp„ âeÐ_\u _\u L$p¡B L„$V$pmsy„ L¡$ _\u \pL$sy„ `f„sy
""âprá'' õhe„ L„$V$pmp¡ D`Åh¡ R>¡. \pL$ `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ d_ hpf„hpf L$pe®dp„,
amdp„, cp¡Ndp„, Apfpddp„ kss `qfhs®_ Qpl¡ R>¡, L$pfZ L¡$ Æh__u OV$dpm
ep„qÓL$, r_Æ®h, S>X$, _ufk, bp¡Åê$` gpN¡ R>¡. Sepf¡ ApÝep[ÐdL$ Ap„sf õhê$`_u
epÓpdp„ âeÐ_ S> L„$V$pmp¡, \pL$, AfyrQ, `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. âprá L$v$u _lu S>¡ ApÐdp_¡
`pd¡ R>¡ s¡ L$qv$ _\u L„$V$pmsp¡, _\u \pL$sp¡. kv$p kh®v$p Dv$¡N frls kyMdp„ S> fl¡
R>¡.
ep¡N L¡$hu fus¡ L$fhp¡ ?
k„L$ë`\u S>Þd_pfu k„`|Z® L$pd_pAp¡_p¡ ÐépN L$fu d_ê$`u X$åbpdp„\u kyÿd
hpk_p„ `Z _ bQ¡ s¡d ÐepNu v$B, d_ Üpfp BrÞÖep¡_u q¾$epAp¡_¡ fp¡L$u v$B
A\p®s¹ s¡d_y„ rhje Nd_ AV$L$phu ^¥e®eyL$s byqÙ hX¡$ d__¡ b°ûrhQpfdp„ rõ\f
L$fhy„ A_¡ AÞe L$p¡B rhQpf _ L$fsp ^uf¡ ^uf¡ Aphp¡ Aæepk kss Qgphhp¡ S>¡\u
d__¡ D`fpd = ip„s L$fu iL$pe D`fpd \e¡gy„ d_ L¡$ rQÑ, rQÑ S> fl¡i¡ _rl.
A„s¡ b°ûrhQpf\u b°ûde \i¡ A_¡ s¡\u AÞe kh® h©rsAp¡_p¡ rh_pi \i¡. Apd
^uf¡ ^uf¡ h©rsrhrl_ \e¡gy„ d_ b°û kp\¡ sv$pL$pf \B b°ûp_yc|rs L$fi¡.
Ýep_ S>¡hu q¾$epdp„ dy¿eÐh¡ Qpf âL$pf_p¡ v$p¡j Å¡hp dm¡ R>¡. (1) ge v$p¡j
: sÞÖp L¡$ r_Öp„ S>¡hu [õ\rs (2) rhn¡` v$p¡j : d_ k„kpf_p„ c°dZdp„ Qpëey„
Åe R>¡. (3) L$jpe v$p¡j: d_ k„kpf - hpk_pdp„ A_¡ qv$hp õh_dp„ fpQ¡ R>¡.
(4) fkpõhpv$ v$p¡j : d_ rhQpf L$fsp L$fsp õhe„ _¡ ApÐdp\u rcÞ_ dp_u_¡
s¡_p¡ fkpõhpv$ g¡ R>¡.
d__¡ rhjepÞsf\u fp¡L$hp dpV¡$ rhjep¡_y„ spv$pÐde sp¡X$hp_u S>ê$f R>¡. d__¡
^uf¡ ^uf¡ rhh¡L$u b_phhp\u S> s¡_u rhjepkqL$s v|$f \B iL$i¡. dpV¡$ d_p¡ S>e
dpV¡$ Aæepk A_¡ h¥fpÁe S> ep¡Áe kp^_ R>¡.
kdpS>_p¡ dp¡V$p¡ cpN c°p„rsdp„ R>¡ L¡$ ^_\u kyM dmi¡. k„`rs S> kyM_u MpZ
R>¡, hpõshdp„ k„`rÑ rh`qÑ_u S> MpZ R>¡. cNhp_ byÙ¡ N©l ÐepN_u s¥epfu L$fu.
AX$^¡ fõs¡\u kpfr\_¡ `pR>p S>hp L$ley„. kpf\u l¥epapV$ fyv$_ L$f¡ R>¡. ""lz„ A¡L$gp¡
L¡$hu fus¡ ÅJ ! Ap` sp¡ `pNg R>p¡. Ap k„`rs R>p¡X$u ip dpV¡$ rh`rÑ hlpfp¡ R>p¡.''
? ""^_ ? R>¡ L$ep„ ?'' k„`rs c°p„rs R>¡. h¥ch_¡ s¡ A_ycìep¡ _\u, d¢ dpÎep¡
71
R>¡. s_¡ _ h¥ch_p¡ ¿epg R>¡, _ k„`rs_u ÅZ R>¡. sy„ sp¡ kpfr\ R>¡, lz„ sp¡ f\_p¡
dprgL$ Ry>„ s¡\u L$lz„ Ry>„ L¡$ kpQp¡ ^_hp_ A¡ R>¡ S>¡ kyMdp„ R>¡, Ap_„v$d‚ R>¡. S>¡
tQsp gph¡, fX$ph¡, ksph¡, s¡ hmu k„`rs L¡$hu ! kyM\u vy$f ^L¡$g¡ s¡ L$ep„_u k„`rs
! k„`rs A¡ S> R>¡ S>¡ k„sp¡j Ap`¡, S>¡ dl¡gp¡dp„ s_¡ Ålp¡S>gpgu S>Zpe R>¡ s¡hp
h¥chdp„ d¢ rh`rs_¡ cpmu R>¡. sy„ S>¡_¡ k„`rs NZ¡ R>¡, kdS>¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ S> lz„ rh`rs
dp_y„ Ry>„. dpV¡$ S> lz„ rh`rs_¡ cpmu R>¡. sy„ S>¡_¡ k„`rs NZ¡ R>¡, kdS>¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ S>
lz„ rh`rs dp_y Ry>„. dpV¡$ S> lz„ rh`rsê$`u k„`qs ÐépNu ipðs k„`rs_u Mp¡S>dp„
_uL$þep¡ Ry>„. ""k„sp¡j\u dp¡V$u k„`rs _\u'', ""ApÐd kyM\u dp¡Vy„$ ^_ _\u'',
""op_\u dp¡V$p¡ L$p¡B h¥ch _\u'', A¡hy„ S>¡_¡ kdÅe R>¡ s¡ Æh_dyL$s \B, A_„s
kyM_¡ A_ych¡ R>¡, A¡ S> spÐ`e® R>¡.
S>¡ kde¡ op_u dpV¡$ kh®c|sdpÓ - ÆhdpÓ, ApÐdp S> \pe R>¡, Ðepf¡ s¡hp
A¡L$Ðhv$iu® dpV¡$ L¡$hp¡ ip¡L$ ! A_¡ L$ep„ flep¡ dp¡l !
S>¡d k„`|Z® b°ûp„X$_p âL$piL$ A¡L$ S> k|e® R>¡, s¡ kh® âpZudpÓdp„ ApÐdp sp¡
A¡L$ S> R>¡. kh® cysp¡, ifufp¡ sp¡ S>X$ R>¡, kp¥_¡ kÑp A_¡ õazrs® sp¡ dpÓ A¡L$ S>
ApÐdp\u S> dm¡ R>¡. s¡\u kçeL$ ×rô$hpmp¡ kh®c|sp¡dp„ A¡L$ ApÐdp_¡ S>> Sy>A¡ R>¡.
A\p®s¹ kh®v¡$l, BrÞÖe, d_, âpZ Apqv$dp„ kh®L$pe®dp„ A_¡L$sp R>¡ R>sp„ lz„ A¡L$ Ry>
s¡hp¡ s¡_p¡ A_ych R>¡. ""lz„ S> Ap kh® L$p„B Ry>„.'' S>¡d õhp_×ô$p lz„ A¡L$ ApÐdp
S> L$pfZ Ry> s¡hy„ A_ych¡ R>¡. L$pe®dp„ õhà_kyrô$_p¡ Ap^pf `p¡sp_¡ S> Sy>A¡ R>¡ s¡d
op_ep¡Nu ep¡Np_y›$p_\u DÐ`Þ_ AÙ¥spcrhop_\u kh®c|sdpÓ_y„ Ar^›$p_ A¡L$
ApÐdp_¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡.
S>¡d Arc_¡sp A_¡L$ `pÓp¡dp„ rcMpfu, fpÅ, r`sp, `yÓ, iÓy, Mg_peL$,
dprgL$, _p¡L$f, A¡d rhrcÞ_ h¡jc|jpdp„ `Z A¡L$ S> R>¡, s¡d ApÐdp `Z
D`pr^c¡v¡$, Æh, Bðf, k©rô$L$sp®, k„lpfL$ Apqv$ sfuL¡$ Aop_L$pm¡ v¡$Mpe R>¡, `Z
D`pr^ r_d|®m \sp„ sp¡ s¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡. Ap`Z¡ S>epf¡ Ap`Zp `„Qdlpcys_p„
ifufê$`u f„Nfp¡Np__¡ v|$f L$fuiy„. Æh_u A_¡L$ ep¡_uAp¡dp„ cV$L$_pfu D`pr^ _pb|v$
L$fuiy„, Ðepf¡ S> Ap`Z¡ - Ap`Z_¡ A_¡ kh®_¡ ApÐdp sfuL¡$ A¡L$ ÅZu kdv$i}
\B iL$uiy„. S>¡ L$p¡B kh®cysp¡dp„ (b°ûp\u dp„X$u sZMgp ky^u_p) d_¡ A¡V$g¡
`fb°û_¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡ A_¡ dyS> b°ûdp„ S> kh®cysp¡_¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡.

72
s¡_¡ lz„ ""_ âZíeprd'' A¡V$g¡ L¡$ `fp¡n \sp¡ _\u, A\p®s¹ s¡\u v|$f _\u,
c¡v$ _\u, `Z kh®v$p Ac¡v$ ê$`¡ S> âpá Ry>„, A_¡ s¡ d_¡ `Z A×íe L¡$ `fp¡n
_\u A\p®s¹ A`fp¡n S> R>¡. S>¡d hpv$mp¡ ApL$pidp„ R>¡. A_¡ ApL$pi kh® hpv$mp¡dp„
R>¡. s¡d lz„ ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$` ApÐdp S> kh® rcÞ_ v¡$Mpsp ifufp¡, Æhp¡,
âpZuAp¡, L¡$ cysp¡_y„ A¡L$ dpÓ Ar^õ\p_ Ry>„. cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ S> `fb°û L¡$
A„sep®du ApÐdp sfuL¡$ kh®dp„ ìepá Ry>„. kh®_y„ L$pfZ Ry>„. AÓ¡ îuL©$óZ `pfdpr\®L$
kÐe_p„ ×rô$L$p¡Z\u bp¡g¡ R>¡. S>ep„ L$p¡B hõsy `fp¡n \pe Ðep„ s¡ dfZiug A„shp_
b_¡ R>¡. s¡\u AÓ¡ L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ khp®Ðdv$i} - `fp¡n _ lp¡hp\u L$v$u A„shp_
dfZiug L¡$ _pihp_ \sp¡ _\u Apd op_u _\u \sp¡ Bðf\u, L¡$ _\u `fp¡n
ApÐdp\u s¡ sp¡ kh®v$p A`fp¡n S> R>¡.
îuL©$óZ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""S>¡ kh® âpZuAp¡dp„ (ApÐdpê$`¡) fl¡gp¡ R>¡. (s¡ hpkyv$¡h
S> lz„ Ry>„ s¡hy A¥L$e ÅZu) A\p®s dpfy„ (îuL©$óZ_y„) A_¡ ApÐdp_y„ A¥L$e kdÆ
S>¡ d_¡ cS>¡ R>¡. s¡ S> sÐh_y„ e\p\® v$i®_ L$f_pf ep¡Nu R>¡.'
AÓ¡ ""îuL©$óZ_¡ cS>hp'' A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? îuL©$óZ Alu cS>hy„ ""cS>rs'' _p¡
Agp¥L$uL$ A\® Ap`¡ R>¡. Alu ""cS>hy„'' A¡V$g¡ A¡L$Ðh_y„ v$i®_ L$fhy„.
kçeL$v$i®_ L$fhy„. cS>_ A¡V$g¡ dpÓ d|rs®_u `pk¡ b¡ku_¡ `|Å`pW$ L$fhp,
õsp¡Óp¡ bp¡ghp, õsyrs L$fhu L¡$ `pfpeZp¡ dp„X$hp s¡ S> _\u. cS>_ sp¡ A¡L$p„sdp„
S> \pe s¡hy„ Å¡ L$p¡B dp_¡ sp¡ s¡hu dpÞesphpmu ìerL$sA¡ Bðfv$i®_ L¡$ ApÐdv$i®_
dpV¡$ `p¡sp_¡ L$p¡B ê$d L¡$ cp¢efpdp„ L¡$v$ L$fhu `X$i¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡_¡ S>Nsdp„ `fdpÒdp
×íe _\u A_¡ S>¡ L$p¡B `p¡sp_¡ Ap¡fX$pdp„ L¡$v$ _rl L$f¡ s¡ `fdpÐdp_u d|rs®Ap¡_¡
Qp„vu_p v$fhpÅ\u L¡$v$ L$fi¡. `|Åê$d A_¡ d„qv$fp¡_p Üpfp dp¡V¡$ cpN¡ b„^ lp¡e R>¡.
kde¡ kde¡ M|g¡ R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡hu dpÞesphpmp c°p„rsdp„ R>¡ L¡$ `|Åê$d_u blpf
L¡$ d„qv$f_u blpf sp¡ `fdpÐdp lp¡B iL¡$ S> _lu. blpf sp¡ A_pÐdp R>¡ s¡ A„v$f
_ Aph¡ dpV¡$ d„qv$fp¡ h^y kde b„^ lp¡e R>¡. L¡$hu c°p„rs ! S>¡_¡ d„qv$f L¡$ `|Å_p„
ê$d_u blpf `fb°û L¡$ `fdpÐdp _\u v¡$Mpsp¡, `fdpÐdp_u âL©$rs L¡$ kS>®_lpf_p„
kS>®_dp„ L$ep„e ApÐdv$i®_ \sy„ S> _\u, s¡_¡ L„$B fus¡ kh® âpZuAp¡dp„, sdpd
c|sdpÓdp„, ApÐdp sfuL¡$ îuL©$óZ_p„ v$i®_ \B iL¡$ ? Af¡ s¡hp¡ Å¡ L$p¡B
khp®Ðdv$i} _\u sp¡ s¡ L$B fus¡ cS>_ L$fhp_¡ `pÓ R>¡ ? s¡_¡ R>¡ L$ep„ Ar^L$pf
cS>__p¡ ? îuL©$óZ_u cpjpdp„ sp¡ kh®_pd A_¡ ApL$pfdp„ d_¡ A¡V$g¡ ks¹ rQs¹
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Ap_„v$ õhê$` A¡hp d_¡ S>¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡ S> kh®î¡›$ cS>_ L$f¡ R>¡.
kh®c|sp¡dp„ d_¡ îuL©$óZ_¡ Å¡hp A¡V$g¡ S>¡d hfpm, ^yçdk, _v$u, bfa,
hpv$mp, dp¡su, dpR>gp„, dp¡Å, auZ, `f`p¡V$p, smph, kpNf, kh®dp„ A¡L$ `pZu_y„
S> v$i®_ L$fhy„. S>¡ L$p¡B sdpd _pdp¡dp„ A_pdu_¡ kpL$pfdp„ r_fpL$pf_¡ ê$`dp„ Aê$`_¡,
kNyZdp„ r_Ny®Z_¡, ×íedp„ A×íe_¡, ìeL$sdp„ AìeL$s_¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡. S>¡_¡ fõspdp„
`X¡$gp„ `Õ\fdp„, r_f„sf hl¡su kqfspdp„, `X$sp `p_Mf_p„ `p_dp„, Mugsu
L$muAp¡dp„, `Ð_u_p„ ¾$p¡^dp„, bpmL$p¡_u Ap„Mdp„ k|e®_p„ âL$pidp„, A_¡ Adpk_p„
A„^pfpdp„ kh® kde¡ kh® õ\m¡ S>epf¡ ApÐdv$i®_ S> \pe R>¡. Ðepf¡ S> kpQy„ õdfZ
\ey„ NZpe, A_¡ _pd A_¡ ApL$pfhpmp S>Ns_y„, â`„Q_y„ rhõdfZ NZpe. Apd
kss ApÐdõdfZ A_¡ k„kpf_y„ kh®v$p k„`yZ® rhõdfZ A¡ S> kpQy„ cS>_ R>¡,
Aphp cS>_ dpV¡$ b„^ `|Åê$dp¡ L¡$ dpÓ d„qv$fp¡_u AphíeL$sp _\u. Aphu
ApÐdpkp^__p„ L¡$ b°ûcph_p„ dyL$s hpsphfZdp„, Myëgp„ d¡v$p_p¡dp„, cf bÅfdp„,
A_¡ _ugp _N_ NN_ _uQ¡ `Z iL$e R¡. iÓydp„ `Z `fdpÐdp_y„ õdfZ \pe
s¡ S> îuL©$óZ_u ×rô$A¡ cS>_ R>¡. dlpÐdp Np„^uÆ_¡ Np¡X$k¡A¡ Np¡mu dpfu R>sp„
s¡d_p iåv$p¡ lsp„ Np¡X$k¡_¡ dpa L$fÅ¡. ""l¡ fpd, l¡ fpd'', A„s¡ sp¡ õdfZ lsy„
`fdpÐdp_y„.
Apd ârsL|$m k„Å¡Np¡dp„ `°cyõdfZ fl¡ A_¡ s¡_y„ r_Ðe kpr_Ýe hfspe A¡
S> cS>_ R>¡. Aphp¡ r_Ðe `fdpÐdp_p õdfZ r_d‚ \e¡gp¡ kh®Ó b°ûv$i®_
L$f_pfp¡ A¡L$pÐdcphdp„ [õ\s \e¡gp¡ Nd¡ s¡d hs®sp¡ lp¡e R>sp„ dyS>dp„ S> fl¡gp¡ R>¡.
s¡hy„ cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡. s¡hp op_u_u sdpd q¾$ep L¡$ L$d® cg¡ âpZu_u k¡hpdp„
fp¡L$pe¡gp gpN¡ R>sp„ `fb°û_u k¡hpdp„ S> R>¡. s¡_p\u S>¡ L„$B bp¡gpe R>¡ s¡
`fdpÐdp_u õsyrs S> R>¡. S>ep„ rhlpf \pe R>¡ s¡ `fdpÐdp_u âv$rnZp S> R>¡. A¡L$gp¡
epÓp L$f¡ R>sp„ b°ûde Ar^›$p_ \B_¡. rhð_u kp\¡ rhðdp„, A¡L$gp¡ R>sp„
A_„sdp„, Ak„N R>sp„ kp¥_p„ kp\dp„ S> âhpk L$f¡ R>¡. S>¡ ep¡Nu b^p âpZuAp¡_p„
kyM A_¡ vy$:M_¡ kdp_ Sy>A¡ R>¡, A\p®s¹ S>¡d kyM d_¡ râe R>¡ A_¡ vy$:M Arâe
R>¡. s¡d v$f¡L$ âpZu_¡ `Z s¡hy„ S> lp¡e s¡d dp_u_¡ s¡ L$p¡B_¡ `Z `uX$p _\u
`lp¢QpX$sp¡ s¡ S> dpfp ds¡ î¡›$ ep¡Nu R>¡ s¡hy„ îuL©$óZ AÓ¡ S>Zph¡ R>¡.
cNhv¹$Nusp_p¡ ep¡Nu S>¡ Ac¡v$ cph_pdp„ Ecp¡ R>¡ Ðep„ s¡_¡ sp¡ `p¡sp\u rcÞ_
L$p¡B v¡$Mpsp¡ S> _\u, s¡ kh®_¡ `p¡sp_u D`dp\u Ac¡v$ ApÐdê$`¡ S> Sy>A¡ R>¡, s¡
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ep¡Nu_p ApÐdcphdp„ ApÐdp rkhpe AÞe L$p¡B R>¡ S> _l], s¡\u _\u Ðep„ õhp\®,
_\u i„L$p, _\u ce `Z R>¡ dpÓ ApÐdcph kpd¡ S>¡ L$p¡B R>¡ s¡ dpÓ cpB _\u
L¡$ bl¡_ _\u `Z s¡ kp¥dp„ lz„ Ry>„. A_¡ s¡ kp¥ dpfpdp„ R>¡. ""lz„'' A_¡ ""sy„'' S>¡hp¡
c¡v$ S> S>ep„ kdpá R>¡ Ðep„ AÞe_p¡ rsfõL$pf, kÅ L¡$ `uX$p_p¡ sp¡ âñ S> _\u.
S>¡d S>dsu hMs¡ c|g\u Ap`Zp v$p„s hÃQ¡ Ap`Zu Æc Aphu S>sp Ap`Z¡
v$p„s_¡ rinp L$fhp dpV¡$ l\p¡X$u\u sp¡X$u `pX$sp _\u, L$pfZ L¡$ v$p„s `Z Ap`Zp
A_¡ Æc `Z Ap`Zu - Apd, Nusp_p ep¡Nu_¡ s¡_u Ac¡v$cph_p A_¡ `p¡sp_p
×ô$p„s\u kh®_¡ Å¡hp_u ×rô$ Üpfp kh®Ó õhe„_y„ S> v$i®_ \pe R>¡. Apd, `fõ`f
ApÐdv$i®_ S> S>¡_y„ k|Ó R>¡ s¡ _\u L$p¡B `f D`L$pf L$fsp¡ L¡$ _\u bv$gp_u A`¡np
fpMsp¡ s¡hp¡ ep¡Nu kdS>¡ R>¡ L¡$ AÞe_p rh_pidp„ A„s¡ dpfp¡ S> _pi R>¡. spfu `funp
A¡ dpfu S> L$kp¡V$u R>¡, spfu ârs›$pdp„ S> dpfu qL$s} R>¡. AÞe_u ipbpiudp„ S>
d_¡ Arc_„v$_ R>¡, Apd, dpfp-spfp A_¡ lz„-sy„ _p¡ c¡v$ rdV$phu_¡ s¡ r_òe A_ych¡
R>¡ L¡$ AÞe_u t_v$p dpfu S> t_v$p R>¡. AÞe_y„ A`dp_ A¡ d¢ L$f¡gp¡ dpfp¡ S>
rsfõL$pf R>¡. Aphu cph_p s¡ S> Æhsp„ Al„L$pf_y„ d©Ðey Ry>„. Al„L$pf_¡ S>¡ dpf¡ R>¡
s¡ S> kdS>¡ R>¡ L¡$ AÞe_u dep®v$pAp¡, L$dÅ¡fu, A`|Z®sp s¡ dpfu S> R>¡, s¡\u s¡hp¡
ep¡Nu L$p¡B_¡ rsfõL$pfsp¡ _\u, s¡hp¡ îuL$©óZ_u hpZudp„ `fd ep¡Nu d_pep¡.
""k ep¡N u `fdp¡ ds: —&''
cNhp__p¡ D`v¡$i kp„cmu_¡ ASy>®__¡ S>¡hp¡ âñ EW¡$ R>¡ s¡hp¡ s¡ r_:k„L$p¡Q_
`|R>u _pM¡ R>¡.
""rQÑ_¡ r_f„s f `fdpfdpÐdpdp„ Å¡X$u ep¡N u A¡L$pÞsdp„ fl¡''
A_¡
""d__¡ `fdpÐdpdp„ [õ\s L$fu'' L„$B `Z _ rhQpf¡''
dp_h dpÓ_¡, âÐe¡L$ dydyny_¡ dy„S>hsp„ âñ_¡ ASy>®_¡ hpQp Ap`u R>¡. d__u
Q„Qmsp\u L$p¡B AÅZ _\u, Q„Qmsp A_¡ A[õ\fsp s¡ S> d__u klS>
õhpcprhL$ Ap¡mM R>¡. Ap`¡ S>¡ kdÐh_p¡ ep¡N L$lep¡, s¡ lz„ rkÙ L$fu iLy„$ s¡d _\u
L$pfZ L¡$ dpfy„ d_ Aqs Q„Qm A_¡ Q`m R>¡. s¡ Ars bmhp_ R>¡ s¡\u S> i÷,
A÷ L¡$ d„Ó\u `Z _pi `pd¡ L¡$ L$pb|dp„ Aph¡ s¡hy„ _\u.
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d_ Q„Qm R>¡, bmhp_ R>¡, dpV¡$ s¡_¡ [õ\f L$fhy„ dyíL¡$g R>¡. s¡ v$gug sL®$eyL$s
Ahíe R>¡ `f„sy kpQu _\u. l„d¡ip„ epv$ fl¡ L¡$ S>¡ KQ¡ EX¡$ s¡ S>ê$f S>du_ D`f
Ecy„ fl¡hp_u L¡$ Esfhp_u ir¼s ^fph¡ R>¡. S>¡ v$p¡X¡$ R>¡ s¡ r_:k„v¡$l Ecy flu iL¡$
s¡d R>¡. hpey Q„Qm R>¡ dpV¡$ S> [õ\f \B iL¡$ R>¡. `Z S>epf¡ hpey [õ\f \pe
R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡_p¡ A_ych L¡$ A[õsÐh_y„ cp_ kfm lp¡sy„ _\u. S>epf¡ hphpTp¡Xy„$ L¡$
h„V$p¡m kp¥_¡ S>gv$u _S>f¡ QX¡$ R>¡. s¡d rõ\f A_¡ ip„s d__p¡ A_ych S>gv$u \sp¡
_\u. d__u Q„Qmsp S> dp_huA¡ A_ychu R>¡ A_¡ s¡_p¡ A_ych S> kfm A_¡
kyNd R>¡.
s¡\u dp_hu Mp¡V$p spfZ D`f Apìep¡ L¡$ d__¡ ip„s L$fhy„, [õ\f L$fhy„ dyíL¡$g
R>¡. S>Þdp¡ S>Þd\u Ap`Z¡ d__¡, ifuf_p rhL$pk dpV¡$ rhÛp\u h©qÙ dpV¡$, kÑp_u
âprá dpV¡$, Al„L$pf_u s©rá dpV¡$, ^__p k„N°l dpV¡$, ârs›$p_p rhS>e dpV¡$, ce\u
_pkhp dpV¡$ v$p¡X$phsp S> Apìep R>uA¡, s¡\u L„$B fus¡ Ap`Z¡ kdÆ iL$uA¡ L¡$ d_
[õ\f `Z \B iL¡$ s¡hy„ R>¡ ? s¡ L$v$pQ dyíL¡$g Ahíe gpN¡ L$pfZ L¡$ rõ\f L$fhp
Aæepk _\u L$ep£ dpV¡$, `Z b¡iL$ s¡ AiL$e sp¡ _\u S>. cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$
Å¡ sy„ Aæepk A_¡ h¥fpÁe_y„ k„eyL$s kp^_ DÐkpl A_¡ îÙp`|h®L$ A`_ph¡ sp¡
d_p¡S>e ""d__p¡ k„ed L¡$ r_N°l \B iL¡$ s¡d R>¡, s¡V$gy„ S> _lu `Z hpõshdp„
âbm h¥fpÁe A_¡ Aæepk Üpfp S> d_ h©rÑi|Þe, ip„s, [õ\f, rhjedyL$s
hpk_pi|Þe \B iL¡$ s¡dp„ L$p¡B i„L$p _\u.
rhh¡L$ Üpfp ÅN¡gp h¥fpÁe\u S>. rhjep¡_u Ar_Ðesp kdÅe R>¡ A_¡ s¡ S>
L$pfZ¡ d_ rhjepkqL$s A_¡ rhjetQs_\u dyL$s \pe R>¡ Aphy„ d_ îhZ, d__
A_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_\u ApÐdhõsy kdS>sy„ \pe R>¡. s¡d s¡d s¡_u rhjev$p¡X$ b„^ \pe
R>¡. lh¡ s¡ d__¡ rhjep¡ ÐeS>hp_p¡ âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ `X$sp¡ _\u `Z rdÕepÐh_p
op_\u S> s¡_u âh©rs ip„s \pe R>¡ A_¡ h¥fpÁe\u d_ rõ\f \pe R>¡.
lh¡ h¥fpÁe\u S>¡ d_ ip„s L¡$ rõ\f \ey„ s¡_p¡ Å¡ kss Aæepk _ \pe A_¡
d__¡ ApÐdpdp„ [õ\s L$fhp r_f„sf r_qv$Ýepk_ _ \pe, kÅsue h©rs âhpl Üpfp
Å¡ ApÐdprhQpf L¡$ b°ûcph_p_p¡ Aæepk _ \pe sp¡ dpÓ A¡L$gp¡ h¥fpÁe r_f\®L$
A_¡ _L$pdp¡ R>¡. s¡\u S>¡ d__¡ rhjep¡_u v$p¡X$_p¡, rhjetQs__p¡ Aæépk `X$u Nep¡
R>¡ s¡_¡ h¥fpÁe Üpfp sp¡X$u_¡ _hu qv$ip_p¡ Aæépk iê$ L$fhp_p¡ R>¡ A_¡ s¡ R>¡
b°ûcph_p L¡$ ApÐdrhQpfdp„ d__¡ Å¡X$hp_p¡ Aæepk Aphp Aæepk\u S> d_
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ApÐdõ\ \i¡, ip„s \i¡, r_rh®Qpf \i¡, h©rsi|Þe \i¡ A_¡ A„s¡ s¡hy„ ""d_''
S> _l] fl¡ `Z b°ûrhQpf\u ""d_'' õhe„ b°û S> \i¡, ""rQÑ'' `p¡sp_¡ Q¥sÞe
S> ÅZi¡. S>¡ L$p¡B h¥fpÁe A_¡ Aæepk\u eyL$s R>¡ s¡_¡ d__u ApÐdõ\ [õ\rs
âpá \B iL¡$ R>¡, s¡ d__¡ ip„s A_¡ rõ\f L$fu iL¡$ R>¡. s¡ r_rh®hpv$ lL$uL$s R>¡.
lh¡ ASy>®_ kdpS>_u EL$msu kdõep A_¡ kh®kpdpÞe dydyny_u dy„ThZ_¡
hpQp Ap`sp¡ âñ `|R>u Q„Qm d_hpmp_u A_¡ ep¡Nc°ô$ ep¡Nu_u Nrs rhi¡ _hp¡
âL$pi `pX¡$ R>¡.
An¡ ASy>®_ cNhp__¡ îqL©$óZ sfuL¡$ k„bp¡^¡ R>¡. s¡_y„ rhi¡j dlÐh R>¡.
""L©$óZ'' iåv$dp„ "L©$rj' A¡ ksphQpL$ R>¡ A_¡ "Z' A¡ Ap_„v$hpQL$ R>¡. Apd
kÑp = A[õsÐh = ks¹ + Ap_„v$ A¡V$g¡ S> kvp$_„v$ õhê$` S>¡ L©$óZ R>¡.
S>¡ `fb°û R>¡ s¡ ASy>®_ `|R>¡ R>¡ L¡$, ""l¡ L©$óZ ! S>¡ ep¡Ndp„ Apê$Y$ _\u, âdpv$u
õhcph_¡ gu^¡ âeÐ_ _ L$f¡ s¡hp¡ R>sp„ Ap[õsL$ byqÙhpmp¡ A_¡ îÙpeyL$s R>¡ A_¡
Q„Qm d_hpmp¡ lp¡hp\u ep¡Np¡_y›$p__p¡ âeÐ_ L$f_pfp¡ _\u - s¡hp¡ kçev$i®__¡
âpá _ L$fsp„ ifuf_p„ `s_ `R>u L$B Nrs_¡ `pd¡ R>¡ ? l¡ cNhp_ ! dpfu qÜ^p
sp¡ kdÅ¡ ! lz„ op_dpN£\u dyqL$s_p `„\\u, _\u sp¡ `pR>p¡ hmu iL$sp¡ L¡$ _\u
ep¡N\u rkqÙ_¡ âpá L$fu iL$sp¡. Q„Qm d__¡ gu^¡ d_¡ ep¡NrkqÙ L$`fu gpN¡ R>¡
s¡\u cecus Ahíe Ry>„. `Z s¡_y„ am d_¡ s¡ `„\ R>p¡X$hp_y„ `Z _\u. ^pfp¡ L¡$
dp¡n dpV¡$ lz„ k„kpf R>p¡X$u_¡ Q¥sÞe kpNfdp„ L|$v$u sp¡ `Xy„$ A_¡ `yÎeL$d®, D`pk_p,
cp¡Nrhgpk R>p¡X$u `Z v$J, `Z Å¡ _ dm¡ L$pd L¡$ _ dm¡ fpd sp¡, dpfy„ \pe
iy„ ? dpfu Nrs L$B ?
l¡ cNhp_ dpfu i„L$p L¡$ k„ie_¡ k„`|Z® fus¡ _ô$ L$fhp dpV¡$ dpÓ Ap` S>
kd\® R>p¡. Ap`_p rkhpe Ap ^fsu `f AÞe L$p¡B `Z dpfp âñ_¡ rdV$phhp L¡$
dpfu i„L$p_y„ kdp^p_ L$fhp irL$sdp_ _\u.
ASy>®__y„ Aphy„ L$\_ AÓ¡ M|b S> k|QL$ A_¡ e\p®\ S> R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ îuL©$óZ
`p¡s¡ `fb°û õhê$` R>¡. õhe„ dyL$s lp¡e s¡ S> dyqL$s_p¡ dpN® ÅZu A_¡ S>Zphu
iL¡$. S>¡ õhe„ sf¡gp¡ lp¡e s¡ S> spfu iL¡$ ""d¡Ophu rR>Þ_k„ie:''
l¡ L©$óZ ! Ap` byqÙipmu A_¡ k„iep¡_p k„lpfL$ R>p¡ A_¡ Æh_dyL$s `Z
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R>p¡. îu L©$óZ_u hpZudp„ rhQpfp¡_u õ`ô$sp A_¡ kpsÐe b„_¡ R>¡. s¡hp¡ kh®o R>¡
s¡hy„ s¡d_y„ hQ_ R>¡.
cNhp_ îuL©$óZ_y„ dp_h Ås_¡ Ap Ace hfv$p_ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ L$p¡B
ApÐdL$ëepZ dpV¡$ L$d® L$f_pfp¡ R>¡. `fdpÐdp_u qv$ipdp„ âõ\p_ L$fu Q|L¡$gp¡ R>¡ s¡_u
vy$N®rs sp¡ \su S> _\u, ApÐdõhê$`_u dpÓpdp„ kh®v$p kamsp S> dm¡ R>¡. L$pfZ
L¡$ A„sfpÐdp_u Mp¡S> L¡$ ""õh'' õhê$`_u rS>opkpdp„ Apie l„d¡ip iyc R>¡, l¡sy
kp[ÐhL$ R>¡. spfu sdÞ_p iyÙ, `rhÓ R>¡ `R>u rQÑ kp\ Ap`¡ L¡$ _ Ap`¡,
îÙphp_ lp¡hy„ S>ê$fu R>¡, `R>u cg¡ ifuf k„Np\dp„ fl¡ L¡$ _ fl¡, cph_p
L$ëepZL$pfu lp¡hu Å¡BA¡. `R>u cg¡ rQs rdÓ lp¡ ep iÓy, A_„s_¡ `pdhp_u
BÃR>p S> s¡hp_¡ A_„s_p¡ epÓu b_ph¡ R>¡. s¡_u epÓp AV$L$u iL¡$ s¡hy„ b_¡ `Z
L$v$u A^|fu fl¡su _\u, s¡\u s¡_u vy$N®rs sp¡ \pe S> _lu, d©Ðey kde¡ s¡hy„ b_¡
`Z L$v$u A^|fu fl¡su _\u, s¡\u s¡_u vy$N®rs sp¡ \pe S> _l], d©Ðey kde¡ S>¡hu
S>¡_u hpk_p L¡$ L$pd_p lp¡e R>¡ s¡hu S> s¡_u Nrs \pe R>¡. s¡ Þepe¡ S>¡ `fdpÐdp_p
dpN£ R>¡, kpnpÐL$pf_p fõs¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ sp¡ ifuf_p `s_ `R>u kv$Nrs S> âpá \pe
R>¡. s¡_u A_„s_u epÓpdp„ rhg„b \B iL¡$ `Z L$v$u s¡ A^|fu fl¡su _\u L¡$ _ô$
\su _\u.
ifuf_p d©Ðey `R>u ÆhpÐdp_y„ iy„ \pe R>¡ ? s_¡ L¡$hu Nrs âpá \pe R>¡ ?
AÓ ep¡Nc°ô$_u Nrs L¡$hu \pe R>¡ s¡hp¡ âñ QQp®B füp¡ R>¡. cNhp_ kdÅh¡
R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ op_ A_¡ L$d® b„_¡_p am\u c°ô$ R>¡, s¡hp¡ ep¡Np_y›$p_dp„ âh©s R>¡.
L$ëepZ L$d® L$f_pfp¡ R>¡. b°ûcph_p L¡$ r_qv$Ýepk_dp„ fs R>¡, s¡\u s¡ ep¡N rkqÙ
_¡ `pçep¡ _\u. `Z ifuf_p `s_ `R>u s¡ Aë` `yÎe_p âsp`¡ `Z `yÎe L$d®,
L$f_pfpAp¡_p gp¡L$p¡_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡.
A„s kde¡ (d©Ðey h¡mpA¡) b¡ S> âL$pf_u dy¿e hpk_p_p¡ k„ch lp¡e R>¡. s¡dp„
A¡L$ R>¡ cp¡Nhpk_p A_¡ buÆ R>¡ h¥fpÁe hpk_p. Å¡ d©Ðey `|h£ ep¡Ncô$_u
âcphipmu cph_p ANf cp¡Nhpk_p lp¡e sp¡ s¡ s¡_u cp¡Nhpk_p _¡ s©á L$fhp
`yÎegp¡L$dp„ L¡$ DÑdgp¡L$dp„ Åe R>¡ A_¡ Ðep„ gp„bp kde ky^u fl¡ R>¡ R>sp„ Ars
Aë` A_¡ i¡j hpk_p_¡ gu^¡ s¡_¡ ^_hp_p¡_¡ Ðep„ S>Þd sp¡ g¡hp¡ S> `X¡$ R>¡. L$pfZ
L¡$ Ðep„ S> s¡_u cp¡Nhpk_p_¡ s©á L$fhp_p„ kp^_p¡ kp„`X$u iL¡$ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡
kp^_ k„`Þ_ îud„sp¡_¡ Ðep„ S>Þd¡ R>¡ Mfp¡, `Z s¡ ep¡Nc°ô$ R>¡, s¡\u vy$fpQpfu
78
îud„sp¡_¡ Ðep„ _\u S>Þdsp¡, `Z k„õL$pfu, iyÙ ^prd®L$ h©rshpmp A_¡ kv$pQpfu
h©rÑhpmp îud„sp¡_¡ O¡f S>Þdu_¡ i¡j cp¡Nhpk_p `|Z® L$fu_¡ kv$pQpfu Ly$Vy„$bdp„\u
kpfp k„õL$pf âpá L$fu_¡ `p¡sp_u Ns S>Þd A^|fu epÓp Apf„c L$f¡ R>¡.
Apd, A„s kde¡ cp¡Nhpk_p_p âsp`¡ S> s¡ ^_hp_p¡_¡ Ðep„ S>Þd¡ R>¡. k„õL$pf
A_¡ k„sp¡j\u S> ^_pY$é R>¡ s¡hp O¡f S>Þd¡ R>¡. A\hp sp¡ S>¡ N©lõ\ E`f Bðf_u
A`f„`pf L©$`p R>¡ A_¡ s¡\u S> S>¡ kv¹$NyZ, kp[ÐhL$ h©rs, ^d®â¡d A_¡ _ursde
Æh_ Üpfp ep¡Nu L$l¡hpe R>¡, s¡hp N©lõ\_¡ Ðep„ S>Þd¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡hp S>Þd_¡
cNhp_¡ Arsvyg®c S>Þd L$lep¡ R>¡.
ip dpV¡$ ep¡N c°ô$_¡ S>Þd d_yóe ep¡_udp„ S> k|Qìep¡ R>¡ ? d_yóe ep¡r_ S>
kh®î¡›$ ep¡r_ R>¡. õhNp®qv$ gp¡L$p¡_u v¡$h ep¡_u A_¡ `iyAp¡_u b„_¡ cp¡Nep¡r_ R>¡.
s¡dp„ L$d®_u õhs„Ósp _\u. S>ep„ L$d® _\u Ðep„ A„s:L$fZ_u iyqÙ _\u A„s:L$fZiyqÙ
rh_p op_ _\u. op_ rh_p dp¡n _\u. s¡\u s¡Ap¡ dyqL$s L¡$ dp¡n_p Ar^L$pfu
_\u. dp¡n L¡$ dyqL$s BÃR>sp v¡$hp¡_¡ `Z A„s¡ `©Õhu `f S>, d©Ðey gp¡L$dp„ S> Aphhy„
`X¡$ R>¡ A_¡ d_yóe S>¡hu L$d®ep¡r_dp„ S> S>Þdhy„ `X¡$ R>¡. S>epf¡ S>¡ `iy ep¡r_dp„ R>¡
s¡Ap¡ `Z `p¡sp_p L$d®_p gu^¡ S> am cp¡Nh¡ R>¡. v¡$hp¡_¡ L$d® L$fhp dpV¡$ S>ê$fu
d_yóe ifuf A_¡ õhs„Ó d_\u S>epf¡ `iy_¡ kpfp_kpfp_p¡ rhh¡L$ _\u L¡$ s¡
L$d®L$fu iL¡$. Apd, dpÓ d_yóe ep¡r_ S> L$d®ep¡r_ R>¡. Sep„ v$f¡L$_¡ A„s:L$fZiyqÙ
L$fu op_ Üpfp dp¡n_p¡ Abpr^s lL$L$ A_¡ rlõkp¡ dm¡gp¡ S> R>¡. bpL$u L$p¡B ep¡r_dp„
s¡hp¡ dyqL$s_p¡ Ar^L$pf _\u. s¡\u d_yóe ep¡r_ S> kh®î¡›$ R>¡.
ep¡Nc°ô$_u Nrs bpbsdp„ îuL©$óZ¡ M|b S> ky„v$f fus¡ õ`ô$sp L$fu S>Zpìey„
R>¡ L¡$ `|h® S>Þddp„, `pR>gp„ v¡$l Üpfp S>¡ L„$B ep¡Npæepk L$ep£ R>¡, s¡_p k„õL$pfp¡_¡
gu^¡ `y_:S>Þd¡ s¡_y„ `y_fphs®_ _ L$fsp„, S>ep„\u s¡ A^|fp¡ R>¡ Ðep„\u S> ep¡Nc°ô$
s¡_¡ ApNm ^`ph¡ R>¡. `y_:S>Þd¡ Å¡ ep¡Nc°ô$_¡ _p_u Jdf¡ AÝepÐd `„\¡ âNrs
S>Zpe sp¡ Apòe® S>¡hy„ _ kdS>hy„ L$pfZ L¡$ Å¡ s¡ `|h® S>Þddp„ rhh¡L$, h¥fpÁe, id,
v$d, âpá L$fu Q|L$ep¡ lp¡e, r_óL$pd L$d®\u Å¡ A„s:L$fZ_p¡ dmê$`u v$p¡j v|$f L$fu
iL$ep¡ lp¡e sp¡ hs®dp_ S>Þd¡ lh¡ s¡_¡ A„s:L$fZ_p rhn¡` A_¡ AphfZ b¡ S> v$p¡j
v|$f L$fhp_p fl¡ R>¡ A_¡ Å¡ `|h® S>Þd¡ L$p¡B dm A_¡ rhn¡` b„_¡ v$p¡jp¡ v|$f L$fu
iL$ep¡ lp¡e sp¡ hs®dp_ S>Þd¡ s¡_¡ lh¡ dpÓ Aop__y„ AphfZ S> v|$f L$fhp_y„ bpL$u
fl¡ R>¡. s¡\u s¡hp¡ ep¡Nc°ô$ Å¡ hs®dp_dp„ M|b S> _p_u he¡ L$d® L¡$ D`pk_p L$ep®
79
rh_p ku^p¡ op_`„\¡ âepZ L$f¡ A\hp op_p\¡£ k„Þepk gB AQp_L$ Qpgsp¡ \pe
sp¡ Apòe® A_ychhp_¡ L$p¡B L$pfZ S> _\u. s¡ sp¡ s¡_p `|h® S>Þd_p Aæepk_¡
gu^¡ S> op_p\£ s¡_y„ k„ÞepkNd_ \ey„ R>¡. Æh_dp„ S>epf¡ L$p¡B ApÝep[ÐdL$ `„\
A_pepk¡ dm¡, AQp_L$ ApÐdop__p¡ fõsp¡ S>X$¡,
ApL$[õdL$ fus¡ S> âeÐ_ rh_p L$p¡B kv¹$Nyfy_p¡ c¡V$p¡ \B Åe, Apepk rh_p
S> h¥fpÁe ÅN¡, k„kpf Akpf S>Zpe, s¡ L„$B L$p¡B QdÐL$pf _\u, _\u L$p¡B_p¡
Apiuhp®v$, `Z âeÐ_ rh_p dm¡ Aphu D`g[å^ sp¡ s¡ `|h® S>Þd_p k„õL$pf
A\hp `|h®kp^_p_y„ am R>¡. `|h®hpk_p L¡$ Aæepk sv¹$_ r_óam S>sp¡ _\u. Ns
S>Þd¡ S>¡ v¡$l Üpfp ep¡Npæepk \ep¡ lsp¡ s¡ v¡$l_p¡ op_âprá `|h£ Å¡ _pi \pe sp¡
s¡_¡ gpc dmsp¡ _\u. `Z `|h®_p Aæépk_p k„õL$pfp¡ kp\¡ S>epf¡ ÆhpÐdp _hp¡
v¡$l ^pfZ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ Ahíe `|h®_p Aæépk_p¡ gpc dm¡ R>¡ s¡ S> L$pfZ¡ Aë`
âeÐ_¡ ep¡Nc°ô$ dp¡nê$`u rkqÙ sfa hm¡ R>¡ A_¡ A_pepk¡ S> s¡ h¥fpÁe_¡ âpá
L$f¡ R>¡ dpV¡$ L$p¡B kp^L¡$ A¡ L¡$ dydynyA¡ r_fpi _ \hy„. _pku`pk _ \hy„, tlds
_ lpfhu, îÙp_p¡ v$u`L$ kv$p kh®v$p âS>hrgs L$fu_¡ Æh__p A„rsd gÿe kp\¡
ApÐdkps¹ _ \BA¡ Ðep„ ky^u ep¡Np_yóW$p_dp„ b°ûrhQpfdp„ d„X$ep S> fl¡hy„, A_¡
s¥g^pfphs¹ ApÐdtQs_dp„ dN_ fl¡hy„, A_¡ õhê$`dp„ [õ\s \B L$ep„e Nep rh_p
NN_ S>¡d afsp„ fl¡hy„. lh¡ ep¡Nc°ô$ N©lõ\_¡ Ðep„ S>Þdu_¡, k„kpf_p `v$p\p£ A_¡
k„kpfuAp¡ hÃQ¡ flu_¡ L$B fus¡ b°ûop_ sfa s¡ ApNm h^¡ R>¡ s¡ kdÅh¡ R>¡.
`|h®S>Þd_p ep¡Npæepk\u ×Y$ îÙp A_¡ h¥fpÁe Üpfp S>¡Z¡ dp¡nâprá dpV¡$
kss r_rv$Ýepk_ L¡$ b°ûcph_p_p¡ Aæepk L$ep£ lp¡e R>¡. s¡hp¡ ep¡Nc°ô$ buÅ
S>Þd¡, s¡ BÃR>¡ L¡$ _ BÃR>¡ s¡ Ak„edu lp¡e sp¡ `Z, `|h®_u âbmhpk_p_p bm¡,
op__u qv$ipdp„, dp¡ndpN£, A_pepk¡ M¢Qpe R>¡ A_¡ A„s¡ `|h®_p¡ Aæepk S> s¡_¡
ep¡Np_y›$p_dp„ L¡$ op_dp„ [õ\f L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hp k„õL$pfp¡_p bm¡ S> s¡_y„ hs®dp_ cprh
OX$pe R>¡. Å¡ s¡_p `|h® S>Þd_p k„õL$pf L$d}_p lp¡e sp¡ s¡ L$d®fs ^d}_p lp¡e sp¡
s¡ ^d®fs, `p`u_p lp¡e sp¡ `p`fs, cqL$s_p lp¡e sp¡ s¡ cqL$sfs, op_u_p lp¡e
sp¡ s¡ op_fs A_¡ ep¡Nu_p lp¡e sp¡ s¡ ep¡Nfs fl¡ R>¡.
Å¡ `|h®S>Þd_u âbm hpk_p L¡$ k„õL$pf Üpfp k„Ýep, `|Å, eo, S>`, s` L¡$
h¡v$p¡L$s L$d®_p¡ ÐépN \B Åe A_¡ s¡hp¡ L$p¡B Å¡ ApÐdp_y›$p_, ep¡Np_y›$p_ L¡$
b°ûcph_pdp„ âh©s \B Åe sp¡ S>¡ L$p„B ÐeÅB Ney„ R>¡. S>¡ h¡v$p¡L$s L$d® R|>V$u
80
Nep R>¡, s¡dp„ L$p¡B S> v$p¡j _\u, L„$B S> A_yrQs _\u `Z h¡v$p¡L$s L$dp£ R>p¡X$u_¡
Å¡ L$p¡B ApÐdp_y›$p_ `Z _ L$f¡ sp¡ s¡ A_yrQs S> NZpe, `f„sy, ApÐdrhQpf
dpV¡$, ApÐdop_ dpV¡$ \e¡g L$p¡B `Z ÐepN A_yrQs _\u, L¡$d L¡$ s¡hy„ `|h®_p„
k„õL$pf rh_p \hy„ dyíL¡$g R>¡. s¡ D`fp„s dp¡n L$v$u L$d®\u dmsp¡ _\u.
s¡ sp¡ ApÐdprhQpfZ\u S> kçeL¹$×rô$hpmp ep¡Np_y›$p_\u S> âpá \pe R>¡.
s¡\u L$dp£_p„ ÐepNdp„ L„$B v$p¡j _\u, îyrs S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""L$d®\u _lu, âÅ¡Ð`rs
hX¡$ _l], ^_ hX¡$ _l] `f„sy L¡$V$gpL¡$ ÐépN hX¡$ S> Adfsp âpá L$fu R>¡.''
b©lv$pfÎeL$ î©rs S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""l¡ NpN} S>¡ Ap gp¡L$dp„ Anf (ApÐdp) _¡ ÅÎep
rh_p S> lh_ L$f¡ R>¡ eo L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ L¡$V$gp„e lÅf hjp£ ky^u s` L$f¡ R>¡'', s¡d_p„
b^p„ S> L$dp£ _pihp_ S> lp¡e R>¡.
Apd rhQpfsp„ ApÐdop__¡ `„\¡ S>¡ âepZ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ `|h£_u dyqL$s_u L¡$ dp¡n_u
Arsâbm hpk_p L¡$ k„õL$pf_p bm¡, iåv$b°û_¡ `pf L$f¡ R>¡. Ap¡m„N¡ R>¡ A¡V$g¡ L¡$
h¡v$p¡L$s L$dp£_¡ Ap¡m„N¡ R>¡. ANf ^d® ârs`pv$L$ h¡v$hpZu_¡ Ap¡m„N¡ R>¡ V|„$L$dp„ h¡v$p¡A¡
D`v¡$i¡gp L$dp£_y„ A_¡ s¡_p am_y„ Dëg„_ L$fu_¡ rS>opky op_õ\ \pe R>¡.
b°ûkpnpÐL$pf L$f¡ R>¡ ANf `fd dp¡n_p¡ A`fp¡n A_ych L$f¡ R>¡, s¡hy„ kdÅhhp
dpV¡$ S> L$üy„ S> R>¡ L¡$ s¡ iåv$b°û_¡ Ars hs£ R>¡. iåv$b°û A¡V$g¡ S> h¡v$p¡L$s L$dp£_p¡
Apv¡$i S>¡d L¡$ ""k|ep£v$e kde¡ lh_ L$fhp¡'' ""S>ep„ ky^u Æhp¡ Ðep„ ky^u''
""Ar‚lp¡Ó L$fhp¡'' - Aphp„ h¡v$p¡L$s L$dp£_¡ b°û_p¡ rS>opky `|h® k„õL$pf_¡ bm¡
Ap¡m„N¡ R>¡. A\p®s¹ ÐepN¡ R>¡ A_¡ b°ûrS>opkp `|Z® L$fhp dpV¡$ õd©rs-î©rs_p
îhZ, d__ A_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_dp„ âh©s \pe R>¡.
AÓ¡ cNhp_ îuL©$óZ AÝepe_u `|Zp®lzrs L$fsp„ kh®Ó kdv$i®_hpmp ep¡Nu_p¡
drldp v$ip®h¡ R>¡.
ep¡Nu kL$pdL$d® L$fu, L$d®_y„ A„shp_ am d¡mh_pfp L$fsp„ î¡›$ R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$
kL$pdL$d} hpk_ph©qÙ L$fu_¡ hpf„hpf S>Þdd©Ðey_p Q¾$_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡. s¡hp kL$pdL$d®\u
_\u dmsu s¡_¡ A„s:L$fZiyqÙ L¡$ _\u dmsp¡ dp¡n. s¡\u S> L$üy„ S> R>¡ L¡$ d©s
`v$p\p£_u `pR>m v$p¡X$_pfp L$d®L$p„X$uAp¡ A_¡ cp¥rsL$ rhjep¡ ârs cV$L$_pfp kL$pdL$d}
L$fsp„ ep¡Nu h^y î¡›$ R>¡.

81
op_u\u `Z ep¡Nu î¡›$ R>¡. AÓ¡ op_u A¡V$g¡ ip÷_p¡ S> S>¡ dpÓ opsp R>¡,
S>¡_¡ `fp¡n op_ \e¡gy„ R>¡ s¡_u hps L$fu R>¡. A`fp¡np_ycyrs, Ac¡v$p_yc|rs L¡$
ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf \ep¡ lp¡e A_¡ S>¡_¡ kh®dp„ kh®Ó ApÐdv$i®_ \sy„ lp¡e s¡hp op_u_u
hps _\u.
s`õhu L$fsp„ `Z ep¡Nu î¡›$ R>¡. A\p®s¹ Nusp_p¡ ep¡Nu sp¡ kdÐhuv$i} R>¡,
ApÐdv$i} R>¡, b°ûcph_pdp„ fs R>¡. r_f„sf r_qvÝepk_ Öpfp ApÐdrhQpfdp„ fdZ
L$f_pfp¡ ApÐdõ\ R>¡. S>epf¡ dp¡V$p cpN_u s`òep®Ap¡ sp¡ dpÓ Al„L$pf_u S> `|Å
A_¡ âi[õs R>¡. s` L$fhp\u L$v$u dp¡n dmsp¡ _\u. dp¡V$pcpN_u s`òep® sp¡
ifuf_¡ k|L$h_pfu, A„Np¡_¡ L$ô$ Ap`_pfu âpZp¡_¡ c|¿ep fpM_pfu, ifuf_¡ cp¢edp„
v$pV$u kdpr^ L$fph_pfu, ifuf¡ L$p„V$p cp¢L$_pfu, QpbyL$ aV$L$pf_pfu, hjp£ ky^u ifuf_¡
Ecp fpM_pfu D`hpku_p hfOp¡X$p L$pY$_pfu A_¡ s`_p âv$i®_p¡ L$f_pfu S> lp¡e
R>¡.
epv$ fl¡ L¡$ s`òep® A¡ âv$i®__y„ dpÝed L¡$ kp^_ _\u, s¡ sp¡ ApsfDÐ\p_
dpV¡$ R>¡. b„^_ A_¡ dp¡n_p¡ âñ ifuf kp\¡ k„L$mpe¡gp¡ _\u. bgL¡$, d_ kp\¡ S>
Apqv$L$pm\u N|„\pe¡gp¡ R>¡. Nusp_p ep¡Ndp„ d__¡ rdÓ b_phhp_u hps R>¡. d__
ApÐdõ\ L$fhp_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡ A_¡ A„s¡ rQÑ_¡ Q¥sÞe kp\¡ sv$pL$pf L$fu_¡, sÖz`
L$fu_¡ khp®Ðdv$i®_ Üpfp A`fp¡np_yc|rs A_ychhp_u k|ÿd k|Q_p R>¡. dpV¡$ S> ep¡Nu
s`õhu\u î¡›$ R>¡.
L¡$hp ep¡Nu \hy„ OV¡$ ? õhe„ cNhp_¡ kdÅh¡gy„ S> R>¡ L¡$ kdÐh L©$rô$-k„`Þ_
ep¡Nu \hy„ S> Bô$ R>¡. _ h^y Mphy„ L¡$ _ D`hpk L$fhy„., ifuf kyL$hhy„, _ h^y
rhlpf L$fhp¡ L¡$ _ sv¹$_ Apfpd L$fhp¡, _ M|b ÅNfZ L$fhy„ L¡$ _ dpÓ âdpv$u
\B õhà_iug \hy„, `f„sy Nusp_p ep¡N_¡ A_ykfu_¡ ep¡Nu \hy„ A\p®s¹ Aplpf,
rhlpf A_¡ L$d®dp„ dyL$s \hy„, kdÐh Åmhhy„ s¡ S> ep¡N R>¡. ApÐdp_¡ kh®c|sp¡dp„
s\p kh®c|sp¡_¡ ApÐdpdp„ fl¡gp¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡, A\p®s¹ `p¡sp_¡ S> âpZudpÓdp„ Nyd_pd
\e¡gp¡ Sy>A¡ R>¡ `p¡sp_¡ õhe„_¡ S> kh®_y„ Ar^›$p_ kdS>¡ R>¡, Sy>A¡ R>¡ A_¡ ÅZ¡
R>¡ s¡ S> `fd ep¡Nu R>¡. Aphu kdÐh×rô$, Ac¡v$×rô$, ApÐd×rô$, S>¡_¡ R>¡ s¡ S>
Nusp_p¡ ep¡Nu R>¡.

82
îÙphp_¹ cS>s¡ e: dpd¹ -
S>¡ L$p¡B îÙp\u d_¡ cS>¡ R>¡ s¡ dpd¹ A¡V$g¡ `fb°û_¡ cS>¡ R>¡. îuL©$óZ_p„
hQ_p¡_¡ îÙp`|h®L$ dp\¡ QY$phu_¡ Æhhpdp„ L$ep„e Mp¡V$_p¡ ^„^p¡ R>¡ S> _l], bgL¡$
Æhsf Þepg \B Åe. S>¡ L„$B ×íe, îpìe, v$p¡j, õ`íe® R>¡ s¡ kh® b°û S> R>¡
A¡hp¡ r_:i„L$ ×Y$ r_òe A¡ S> kpQu îÙp. Aphp îÙphp__u A_yc|rs R>¡.
""lz„ b°û Ry>„'' ""kh® b°û R>¡.'' lz„ A-S>Þdp A_¡ A-d©Ðey Ry>„.
b°û Ac¡v$ R>¡. lz„ `|h® `Z lsp¡ A_¡ `òps `Z fl¡hp_p¡
s¡\u kh® L$p„B Ac¡v$ R>¡. A\p®s¹ lz„ L$pm\u dyL$s Ry>„.
Ac¡v$ lp¡e s¡ AqÜsue lp¡e. lz„ A-S>Þdp Ry>„. s¡\u lz„ v¡$i\u `Z
lz„ A¡L$ A_¡ AqÜsue Ry>„. dyL$s Ry>„.
lz„ L$v$u kpL$pf _ lp¡B iLy„$ lz„ v¡$i\u `Z dyL$s Ry>„. A¡V$g¡
lz„ r_fpL$pf Ry>„ dpV¡$ kh®ìepá Ry>„. lz„ A_„s Ry>„.
lz„ kh®ìepá Ry>„ dpV¡$ v¡$i\u dyL$s Ry>„. dpf¡ Å¡ A„s _\u sp¡,
lz„ r_fpL$pf Ry>„ dpV¡$ dpf¡ S>Þd _\u. lz„ `|Z® Ry>„.
lz„ A-S>Þdp Ry>„ sp¡ dpf¡ d©Ðey `Z _\u. lz„ `|Z® Ry>„. sp¡ lz„ Akud Ry>„.
Apd dpÓ lz„ S> r_ÐedyL$s Ry>„ s¡d _\u `f„sy, sy„, s¡ Ap`Z¡ kp¥ r_ÐedyL$s
R>uA¡.
b°û\u rcÞ_ Å¡ L„$B `Z _\u sp¡ Ap S>¡ L„$B R>¡ s¡ kh® b°û S> R>¡.
""kh® M[ëhv„$ b°û'' —& ""kp¡X$l„ Q Ðh„ k Q kh®d¹ A¡sv¹$'' —&
""s¡, lz„, sy„, Ap S>¡ L„$B R>¡ s¡ kh® s¡ S> b°û R>¡'' sp¡ `R>u L$p¡Z b˜ A_¡
L$p¡Z dyL$s ?
Ap âL$pf¡ S>¡dp„ iåv$p¡ bv$gpe R>sp„ ApÐdp rhi¡_p rhQpfp¡_y„ kpsÐh
s¥g^pfphs¹ r_f„sf S>mhpe s¡_¡ S> r_qv$Ýepk_ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
kh® Ahõ\pdp„, kh®L$pm¡, ×íe-o¡e kh®dp„ dpÓ b°ûv$i®_ L$fhy„ A¡ S>
îuL©$óZ_¡ cS>hy„ R>¡ A_¡ s¡ fus¡ cS>hpdp„ S>¡ fs R>¡ s¡ S> î¡›$ ep¡Nu R>¡ A_¡ A¡
`Z kÐe dp_hy„ L¡$ îhZ L$ep® `R>u S>¡ L$p¡B ApÐdtQs_ L¡$ r_qv$Ýepk_ L$f¡ _l]
83
s¡_¡ L$fp¡X$p¡hpf îhZ L$fhp R>sp„ `Z op__u rkqÙ \su _\u. Apd, r_qv$Ýepk_ê$`u
ApÐdtQs_ L$f_pf îÙphp_ ep¡Nu î¡›$ dp_hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. ep¡N_u Aphu õ`ô$
kdS> A_¡ rhõs©s R>ZphV$ îudv¹$ cNhv¹$ Nusp rkhpe buS>¡ L$ep„e Å¡hp dmsu
_\u. kdN° rhðdp„ ep¡N¡ðf îuL©$óZ S>¡hu AÞe rhc|rs L$lu Å¡hp-ÅZhp dmsu
_\u. ApS>¡ `Z ÅZ¡ L¡$ A¡ ep¡N¡ðf îuL©$óZ Ap`Zp kp¥dp„ b¡W¡$gp ASy>®__¡ ggL$pf¡
R>¡. ""sõdpep¡Nu chpSy>®_'' &
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 6 S> ApÐdk„edep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

84
AÝepe : 7 op_rhop_ ep¡N
Ap AÝepedp„ S>¡ kpdpÞe op_ R>¡ s¡_p¡ A\® Bðf A¡ S> Ap S>Ns_y„ L$pfZ
R>¡ A_¡ S>Ns L$pe® R>¡ A¡hp¡ R>¡. L$pfZ rh_p L$pe® k„chu S> iL¡$ _l]. S>Ns_u
fQ_p R>¡ sp¡ fQresp Bðf Ahíe R>¡ S> sdpd Æhp¡ S>Nsdp„ S> R>¡. s¡\u Æh
A_¡ s¡_u ep¡Áe cyrd S>Ns b„_¡ dpV¡$ Bðf L$pfZ R>¡. s¡ Æhp¡_p L$d®_p¡ amv$psp
A_¡L$dp®Ýen `Z R>¡. Ap R>¡ Æh, S>Ns A_¡ Bðf rhi¡_y„ op_, s¡\u `Z rhi¡j
S>¡ op_ R>¡ s¡_¡ rhop_ L$l¡ R>¡. Bðf S>Ns_y„ dpÓ L$pfZ _\u, `Z ArcÞ_
r_rds D`pv$p_ L$pfZ R>¡. A\p®s¹ Æh_¡ S>epf¡ op_ \pe L¡$ Bðf dyS>\u rcÞ_
_\u, Sy>v$p¡ _\u `f„sy b„_¡ A¡L$ ArcÞ_, Ac¡v$ R>¡ S>¡d kp¡_y„ L$pfZ A_¡ v$pNu_p
L$pe® A¡L$d¡L$\u Sy>v$p„ _\u s¡d Æh L$pe® A_¡ Bðf L$pfZ Ahíe R>¡. R>sp„ b„_¡
A¡L$ S> R>¡, s¡d_p c¡v$dpÓ D`pr^_p R>¡. D`pr^ v|$f \sp„ b„_¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡ s¡_¡
rhop_ L$l¡hpe R>¡. dpV¡$ Ap AÝepe_¡ op_rhop_ ep¡N L$l¡hpep¡ R>¡. V|„$L$dp„, op_
A¡V$g¡ S>¡ `fp¡n R>¡ s¡ A_¡ rhop_ A¡V$g¡ S>¡ A`fp¡n op_ R>¡ s¡ "ep¡Nd¹ eyÁS>_¹
dv$pîe'
îu cNhp_ bp¡ëep - dpfp Apîe¡ flu_¡ sy„ d_¡ S> kh® âpZuAp¡_y„
Apîeõ\p_ ÅZ. kp¥dp„ lz„ S> A„s®epdu Ry>„ s¡ kdÆ g¡. lz„ kh®_p¡ fnL$, kp¥_y„
Ar^›$p_, kp¥_y„ Ahg„b_, kp¥_y„ ifZ Ry>„. s¡hy„ dp__pfp kp¥ dpfp Apîe¡ R>¡. s¡d
sy„ `Z dpfp Apîe¡ Aphu Å. dp¡n_u BÃR>phpm_y„ ifZ lz„ S> Ry>„. lz„ õhe„
`fd¡ðf S> kh®_p¡ Apîe Ry>„. l¡ ASy>®_ ! sy„ r_:k„v¡$l \p. îÙpeyL$s \B dpfp¡
Apîe g¡. dpfu L©$`p\u S> sy„ spfu dp¡n¡ÃR>pdp„ kam \Bi. dpfu L©$`p rh_p _
sp¡ op__p¡ fõsp¡ S>X$u iL¡$ R>¡ A_¡ _ sp¡ s¡ r_rh®Â_ dpfu L©$`p rh_p ApÐdop__p¡
`„\ L$p`u_¡ A„s¡ `p¡sp Üpfp `p¡sp_¡ dmu iL¡$ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ ASy>®__¡ L$üy„ L¡$ l¡ ASy>®_ ! tQspdyL$s \p, lz„ s_¡ A¡hy„ op_
kdÅhui L¡$ spfy„ ApÐdp rhi¡_y„ s\p -"õh'- õhê$` rhi¡_y„ Aop_ _ô$ \i¡,
A_¡ kh® op__y„ `Z op_ L¡$ rhi¡jê$`¡ S>¡_¡ rhop_ L$l¡ R>¡ s¡ `Z s_¡ kdÅB
S>i¡. spf¡ dpV¡$ k„kpfdp„ L„$B `Z Aop_ _lu fl¡. sy„ kh®o \B S>B iL¡$ A¡
âdpZ¡ lz„ s_¡ op_ A_¡ rhop_ b„_¡ kdÅhui.
S>¡ op_"âÐen' L¡$ "`fp¡n' _u `¡g¡ `pf_y„ lp¡e, S>¡ op_ BrÞÖep¡, d_,
85
byqÙ\u ANçe lp¡e s¡_¡ A`fp¡n op_ L$l¡hpe R>¡. A_¡ Aphu A`fp¡n op_de
A_yc|rs A¡V$g¡ rhop_. op_u Nyfy l„d¡ip îp¡rÓe b°ûr_›$ lp¡e R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡Ap¡
î|rs A¡V$g¡ ip÷, eyqL$s A\p®s¹ sL®$ A_¡ õhe„_u A_yc|rs, A`fp¡np_yc|rs Üpfp
S> rióe_y„ Aop_ v|$f L$fhp âeÐ_ L$f¡ R>¡. Aop_ v|$f \sp„ S> s¡_¡ "õh'-
õhê$`dp„ [õ\s \hp_p„ k„L¡$sp¡ Ap`u_¡ `p¡s¡ Nyfy `p¡sp_p¡ `qfQe d¡mhhp_u sL$
Ap`¡ R>¡. S>¡\u `p¡sp_u S>¡d rióe `Z op_, opsp A_¡ o¡e_u rÓ`yV$u _pdi¡j
L$fu_¡ A`fp¡n op_ d¡mhu ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf L$fu iL¡$, S>¡_¡ AÓ¡ rhop_ L$l¡hpey„ R>¡.
kdN°k„kpf_y„ Ar^›$p_ sp¡ ApÐdp R>¡. S>¡_p Ap^pf¡ Apfp¡`ê$`u k„kpf V$L$u
füp¡ R>¡. S>¡d S>¡_¡ A„^pfpdp„ v¡$Mpsp "k`®_„y' Ar^›$p_ v$p¡fu R>¡ s¡_y„ op_ dm¡ `R>u
bpL$u ÅZhp_y„ füy„ iy„ ? k`® sp¡ Apfp¡` R>¡, R>sp„ S>ep„ ky^u v$p¡fu_y„ op_ _\u
Ðep„ ky^u k`® ce D`Åh_pfp¡ R>¡. v$p¡f_y„ op_ \sp„ k`® _ô$ \pe R>¡. A\p®s¹
c°p„rs Apfp¡` A×íe \pe R>¡ A_¡ S>¡ ÅZhp ep¡Áe R>¡ s¡ v$p¡fu S> S>Zpe R>¡.
s¡hu S> fus¡ v$p¡fu_u S>¡d Apdp Ar^›$p_ R>¡ A_¡ kdN° k„kpf, ÓZ¡ ifufp¡,
BrÞÖep¡, S>Þd, dp¡s, Æh_, Æh, S>Ns, k`®_u S>¡d Apfp¡` R>¡.
Apfp¡`_p¡ (k„kpf_p¡) ce Ðep„ ky^u S> R>¡ S>ep„ ky^u Ar^›$p_ ApÐdp_y„ op_
_\u. ApÐdop_ \sp„ S>ep„ k„kpf S> bQsp¡ _\u Ðep„ A_ychhp_y„ R>¡ iy„ ? S>¡
L„$B Aop_ L$pm¡ lsy„ s¡ `Z Ar_Ðe, rdÕep, Aks¹, õhà_hs¹ lsy„. s¡_¡ ÅZu_¡
_ L$p¡B gpc R>¡, _ ÅZhp\u _ _yL$ip_ R>¡. s¡hy„ rdÕep S>Ns L¡$ k„kpf ApÐdp_u
A`fp¡np_yc|rs\u S>epf¡ _ô$:âpe \pe R>¡, Aks¹ A_¡ õhà_hs¹ S>Zpe R>¡ Ðepf¡
sp¡ kh®L$pm¡ kh®dp„ ApÐdp S> S>Zpe R>¡. A_¡ kh® L$pfZp¡_y„ L$pfZ ApÐdp_¡ `p¡sp_p
"õh'- õhê$` sfuL¡$ S>¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ L„$B `Z opsìe Ahi¡jê$`¡ fl¡sy„ _\u dpV¡$
s¡hp op__¡ rhop_ L$ley„ R>¡. spÐ`e®dp„ A¡ S> L¡$ S>¡ L$p¡B S>ep„ ky^u ApÐdp_¡ ip÷
Üpfp AS>f, Adf, Ac¡v$, kh®ìepá ÅZ¡ R>¡ Ðep„ ky^u s¡_¡ `fp¡n fus¡ ÅZ_pf_¡
h¡v$rhv¹$ L$l¡hpe R>¡. `Z S>epf¡ s¡_¡ ApÐdp_p `fp¡n op_ Üpfp A`fp¡np_yc|rs \pe
R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡_¡ b°ûrhv¹$ L$l¡hpe R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ b°ûuc|s \e¡gp¡ s¡ r_:i„L$ ÅZ¡ R>¡
L¡$ AS>f, Adf, AS>Þdp, A_¡ Ac¡v$ sÐh õhe„ lz„ S> Ry>„. Ap rS>op_p_yc|rs A¡V$g¡
S> ""Al„b°ûprkd'' ""lz„ b°û Ry>„.''
"d_yóepZpd¹ klõÓ¡jy' - cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ lÅfp¡dp„\u L$p¡BL$ d_yóe S>
A`fp¡np_yc|rs dpV¡$ b„^_\u Ry>V$L$pfp dpV¡$, ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf L¡$ dyqL$s dpV¡$, S>¡
86
`fd`v$ dpV¡$, S>Þdd©Ðey_p Q¾$\u dyqL$s dpV¡$ âeÐ_hp_ lp¡e R>¡ A_¡ s¡hp dp¡ndpN£
âh©s \e¡gpdp„\u cpÁe¡ S> L$p¡B d_¡ A\p®s¹ ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$` ApÐdp_¡
sÐh\u ÅZ¡ R>¡. ""L$rðs¹ dpd¹ sÐhs: h¡rs:'' s¡\u cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ d_¡ gp¡L$p¡
_\u ÅZsp„ s¡hy„ _\u, `Z sÐh\u ÅZ_pfp lÅfp¡dp„\u L$p¡BL$ S> R>¡. sÐh\u
ÅZhy„ A¡V$g¡ Ac¡v$ fus¡ ÅZhy„, `p¡sp_p õhe„ ApÐdpê$`¡ ÅZhy„, D`pr^\u dyL$s
v¡$i L$pm A_¡ hõsy\u `f S>¡ ApÐdp R>¡ s¡ lz„ S> Ry>„ A¡d A`fp¡n fus¡ ÅZhy„.
A_¡L$ S>Þdp¡_p `yÎeL$d®_p„ k„Qeê$`¡ S> `rhÓ kp[ÐhL$ hpk_p_u s©rá dpV¡$
L¡$ `yÎe-âpfå^p¡ d_yóeS>Þd \pe. s¡hp d_yóep¡dp„\u L$p¡BL$_¡ S> dp¡n_u L¡$ op__u
BÃR>p ÅN¡. A¡hu BÃR>p ^fph_pfpdp„\u \p¡X$pL$ S> s¡ dpV¡$ âeÐ_hp_ b_¡. s¡hp
âeÐ_iug d_yóep¡dp„\u Ap¡R>p A„s:L$fZiyqÙ_¡ âpá L$f¡ A_¡ A„s¡ s¡dp„\u L$p¡BL$_¡
S> îp¡rÓe b°ûr_›$ Nyfy_p¡ c¡V$p¡ \pe R>¡. S>¡ Aop_ v|$f L$fu_¡ ApÐdp_u
A`fp¡np_yc|rs L$fphu iL¡$ R>¡. S>¡_¡ NyfyL©$`p dm¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ AÞe L$p¡B_u `Z A`¡np
fl¡su _\u.
Nyê$L©$`p A¡ S> `fdpÐdp_p¡ A_yN°l NZpe. Nyê$L©$`p rl L¡$hgd¹ ! BðfsÐh
hpõshdp„ sp¡ BrÞÖeNçe L¡$ âÐen _\u. s¡\u A_yN°l L$fhp dpV¡$ Bðf_¡ `Z Nyê$
Üpfp S> ìeL$s \hy„ `X¡$ R>¡. d_yóe v¡$l rh_p, L$p¡B dpÝed rh_p Bðf `f A_yN°l
L$fu iL¡$ _l], `fdpÐdp L¡$ Bðf¡ õhe„_u ArcìeqL$s dpV¡$ `k„v$ L$f¡gy„ râe `pÓ
s¡ S> Nyê$ R>¡, Apd, S>¡_¡ Æh_dp„ d_yóev¡$l, dp¡n_u âbm rS>opkp A_¡ ks¹Nyfy_p¡
kdpNd âpá \ep¡ lp¡e s¡ S> cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ sÐh\u d_¡ Ac¡v$ê$`¡ SpZ¡ R>¡,
dpV¡$ S> s¡ `fd cpÁeipmu R>¡.
""cNhp__u L©$`p S> S>¡dp„ L$pfZ R>¡ A¡ d_yóeS>Þd, dp¡n_u BÃR>p A_¡
dlp`yfyj_p¡ kdpNd A¡ ÓZ vy$g®c R>¡.'' lh¡ b°û_y„ õhê$` kdÅhhp L$l¡ R¡ L¡$
-
S>¡ `„Qdlpc|sNs âL©$rssÐh R>¡ s¡_p¡ S> AÓ¡ k„L¡$s R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$ `©Õhu, S>m,
Ar‚, hpey A_¡ ApL$pidp„ S>¡ sÞdpÓp R>¡ A\p®s¹ S>¡ k|ÿd, iyÙ `©ÕhusÐh R>¡ s¡
(_l] L¡$ ×íe v$¡Mpsu õ\|m `©Õhu) âL©$rs R>¡ Apd, v$f¡L$ `„Qdlpc|s_y„ k|ÿd gnZ
S>¡ sÞdpÓp sÐh R>¡ s¡_¡ S> AÓ¡ âL©$rs_p âL$pi¡ NZpìep R>¡.
`©Õhudp„ NÞ^sÞdpÓsÐh, S>mdp„ fksÞdpÓsÐh, Ar‚dp„ ê$`sÞdpÓsÐh,
87
hpeydp„ õ`i®sÞdpÓsÐh A_¡ ApL$pidp„ iåv$sÞdpÓsÐh - Ap `p„Q¡e sÐhp¡
âL©$rs_u rcÞ_sp k|Qh¡ R>¡. s¡ D5fp„s k„L$ë` A_¡ rhL$ë` L$f_pfp d__y„ L$pfZ
Al„L$pf R>¡ s¡\u s¡ R>Ì$¡ _„bf¡ R>¡, S>epf¡ byqÙ iåv$ âep¡N hpõshdp„ dls¹ sÐh_p
k|Q_ dpV¡$ R>¡. S>¡ ¾$d¡ kpsdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. Apd D`f_p `p„Q sÐhp¡ A_¡ AÞe ÓZ
A\p®s¹ d_, byqÙ_¡ Al„L$pf Apd ApW$ âL$pf_u âL©$qs S>Zph¡gu R>¡. Ap âL©$rs_¡
S> Bðf_u D`pr^ L¡$ dpep L$lp¡ b„_¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡.
ApW$ âL$pfhpmu s¡ A`fp âL©$rs L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡ âL©$rs S>X$ R>¡, AQ¡s_ R>¡
A`fp âL©$rs k„kpfê$` b„^_ `¡v$p L$f_pfu R>¡ s¡_¡ n¡Ó `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡. Ap A`fp
âL©$rs L$fsp„ DÃQsd, DÐL©$ô$, âLy$rs_¡ `fp âL©$rs L$l¡hpe. `fp âL©$rs n¡Óoê$`¡
`Z Ap¡mMpe R>¡ A_¡ s¡\u S> s¡_¡ Æhê$`u âL©$rs Üpfp L$lu R>¡. Aphu Æhê$`u
`fp âL©$rs Üpfp kdN° k„kpf ^pfZ L$fpe R>¡. Ap b„_¡ âL©$rs kh® c|sp¡_u
DÐ`rs_y„ L$pfZ R>¡. âL©$rs_y„ AÞe _pd dpep `Z R>¡.
`fp A_¡ A`fp âL©$rsdp„ â\d ×rô$A¡ S>¡ c¡v$ R>¡ s¡_y„ kpdpÞe õhê$` Ap
âdpZ¡ R>¡.
`fp âL©$ rs A`fp âL©$ rs
Q¥s_, Æhê$`u, n¡Óoê$`¡ L$l¡hpe S>X$, AQ¡s_ n¡Óê$`u R>¡.
L$l¡hpe R>¡. iyÙ A_¡ kÑp õäwrs® âv$p_
k„kpfê$` b„^_ `¡v$p L$f_pf
L$f_pf R>¡. cp¡L$sp A_¡ ×ô$pê$`¡ S>Zpe R>¡.
Ad©s A_¡ vy$:M DÐ`Þ_
v¡$l A_¡ B[ÞÖe_¡ ^pfZ L$f_pf R>¡.
A`fp âL©$rs\u DÐL©$ô$ R>¡. v¡$l A_¡ op_\u r_h©s \_pfu R>¡.
k„`|Z® S>Ns_¡ ^pfZ L$f_pf, V$L$ph_pf dpV¡$ A^d A_¡ r_L©$ô$ R>¡.
A_¡ hl_ L$f_pf `Z R>¡. S>X$ âL©$rsdp„ ApL$pi, `©Õhu, S>m, Ar‚,
âh¡i¡gu lp¡hp\u A„s:ârhiô$ `Z S>Zpe R>¡.
hpey, d_, byqÙ A_¡ Al„L$pf A¡d ApW$ âL$pfhpmu
lp¡hp\u A„s:ârhô$ `Z S>Zpe R>¡.
Apd, `fp âL©$rs hÑpAp¡R>p A„i¡ A`fp Üpfp S> ArcìeL$s \pe R>¡ `Z AÓ¡ S>¡ c¡v$ R>¡
s¡ S>X$ A_¡ Q¡s__p ×rô$L$p¡Z\u kpdpÞes: S>Zpe R>¡, lh¡ âL©$rs L¡$ dpep Üpfp kS>®_ L¡$ rhkS>®_
L¡$hu fus¡ \pe R>¡ s¡ kdÅh¡ R>¡.

± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹


Brsîu AÝepe - 7 op_rhop_ ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&
88
AÝepe : 8 Anfb°û ep¡N
k„`|Z® S>Ns_¡ DÐ`Þ_ L$f_pf _pi L$f_pf lz„ S> Bðf sfuL¡$ k„`|Z® S>Ns_y„,
DÐ`rs A_¡ rh_pi_y„ L$pfZ Ry>„ Apd, cNhp_¡ õ`ô$ Ål¡fps L$fu R>¡ L¡$ lz„ S> dpfu
dpep L¡$ âL©$rsê$`u D`pr^ Üpfp S>Ns_y„ L$pfZ Ry>„.
Al] îuL©$óZ Bðf_p ×rô$L$p¡Z\u bp¡g¡ R>¡. `p¡s¡ S>Ns_y„ L$pfZ R>¡. A¡V$g¡
kyrô$L$sp®, fQresp s\p S>Nsr_e„sp `Z R>¡. A\p®s Bðf L$pfZ A_¡ S>Ns L$pe®
R>¡. S>¡d buS> L$pfZ A_¡ h©n L$pe® R>¡. dpV$u, kp¡_y„, gpL$Xy„$, ê$ L$pfZ R>¡. A_¡ OX$p¡,
Of¡Zp, gpL$X$p_y„ ar_®Qf, L$`X$p L$pe® R>¡. A¡ S> âdpZ¡ kS>®_lpf A¡V$g¡ L$pfZ A_¡
kS>®_ A¡V$g¡ L$pe® A¡hp¡ A\® \pe R>¡. Bðf kS>®_lpf R>¡. S>Ns A¡ kS>®_ R>¡. s¡\u
b„_¡ A¡L$buÅ kp\¡ L$pfZ A_¡ L$pe®_p„ As|V$ k„b^¡ Å¡X$pe¡gp„ R>¡.
S>¡_y„ kS>®_ L$fhp_y„ R>¡ s¡_p dpV¡$ S>ê$fu hõsy v$p.s. v$pNu_p b_phhp kp¡_y„
hõsy R>¡. OX$p¡ b_phhp dpV¡$ dpV$u hõsy R>¡. h÷p¡ b_phhp dpV¡$ ê$ hõsy R>¡. A\p®s¹
kyhZ® rh_p _ b_¡ v$pNu_p, dpV$u rh_p _ b_u iL¡$ OX$p¡, ê$ rh_p _ b_u iL¡$
h÷p¡.
kp¡_y„, dpV$u A_¡ ê$ A¡hu hõsy R>¡ L¡$ S>¡h¡ i÷p¡dp„ ""D`pv$p_ L$pfZ'' _pd
A`pey„ R>¡. D`pv$p_ L$pfZ rh_p v$pNu_p, h÷p¡ L¡$ OX$p_u DÐ`rÑ \B iL¡$ _l].
dpfu `pk¡ L¡$ Ap`Zu `pk¡ kyhZ® L¡$ dpV$u lp¡e s¡\u L$B Ap`Z¡ v$pNu_p L¡$
dpV$u_p¡ OX$p¡ _ b_phu iL$ue¡, L$pfZ L¡$ Ap`Zu `pk¡ hõsy R>¡, D`pv$p_ L$pfZ
Ahíe R>¡. `f„sy OX$p¡ b_phhp_y„ op_ _\u, Of¡Zp„ OX$hp_y„ op_ _\u. _\u
Ap`Z¡ kp¡_u L¡$ _\u Ap`Z¡ Ly„$cpf. dpÓ hõsy\u kS>®_ _ \B iL¡$ `Z
hõsydp„\u kS>®_ L$fhp_u L$mp A\hp op_ lp¡hy„ AphíeL$ R>¡. Aphp op__¡
ip÷p¡dp„ _pd A`pey„ R>¡. ""r_rdÑ L$pfZ''
Ap D`f\u A¡L$ hps kyõ`ô$ \B NB L¡$ L$p¡B `Z Ås_p kS>®_ dpV¡$ b¡
âL$pf_p L$pfZ_u S>ê$f R>¡ A¡L$_¡ D`pv$p_ L$pfZ L$l¡ R>¡ A_¡ buÅ_¡ r_rdÑ L$pfZ
L$l¡ R>¡. Ap b¡ L$pfZ rh_p„ DÐ`rÑ L¡ kS>®_ iL$e S> _\u. A¡_p¡ A\® A¡hp¡ S>
\pe R>¡ L¡$ Of¡Zp„ OX$_pfp¡ kp¡_u L¡$ OX$p¡ b_ph_pfp¡ Ly„$cpf, Of¡Zp„ OX$hp L¡$ OX$p¡

89
b_phhp k„`|Z® fus¡ õhs„Ó _\u, L$pfZ L¡$ s¡Ap¡\u kyhZ® A_¡ dpV$u d¡mhhp dpV¡$
^fsu D`f Ap^pf fpMhp¡ `X¡$ R>¡.
s¡Ap¡ `pk¡ kp¡_y„ L¡$ dpV$u b_phu iL¡$ _rl. s¡\u v$pNu_p_y„ kS>®_ L$f_pf kp¡_u
L¡$ OX$p¡ b_ph_pf¡ Ly„$cpf kS>®_ dpV¡$ `fs„Ó R>¡. `f„sy ApS> qv$ipdp„ Å¡ S>Ns_¡ L$pe®
dp_hpdp„ Aph¡ sp¡ Bðf kS>®_lpf Ahíe R>¡, `Z S>Ns_p kS>®_ dpV¡$ s¡ kp¡_u
L¡$ Ly„$cpf_u S>¡d `fs„Ó _\u bgL¡$ k„`yZ® õhs„Ó R>¡.
rkÙp„s õ`ô$ R>¡ L¡$ Å¡ L$p¡B `Z âL$pf_p„ kS>®_ dpV¡$ b¡ âL$pf_u S>ê$f `X¡$,
S>Ns_p r_rds L$pfZ sfuL¡$ Bðf_¡ kdS>hpdp„ dyíL¡$gu `X¡$ s¡d _\u. S>Nsdp„ S>¡
L„$B A[õsÐhdp„ R>¡ s¡_y„ L$pfZ sp¡ lp¡hy„ S> Å¡BA¡ L$p¡B `Z dL$p__¡ Å¡sp„ S> s¡_¡
QZ_pfp¡ L$qX$ep¡ lp¡hp¡ S> Å¡BA¡. d|rs®Ap¡_¡ OX$_pf rië`u lp¡hp¡ S> Å¡BA¡. `yÓ_¡
Å¡B dp_hy„ `X¡$ L¡$ s¡_p¡ r`sp lp¡hp¡ S> Å¡BA¡. Apd, Ap`Z¡ õhuL$pfu gBA¡ R>uA¡
L¡$ Å¡ L$p¡B fQ_p A[õsÐhdp„ R>¡ sp¡ s¡_p¡ fQresp lp¡hp¡ S> Å¡BA¡. kS>®_ lp¡e sp¡
kS>®_lpf lp¡hp¡ S> Å¡BA¡. L$pe® lpS>f lp¡e sp¡ L$pfZ lp¡hy„ S> Å¡BA¡, cg¡ `R>u
s¡ Ap`Z_¡ v¡$Mpe _rl, AìeL$s L¡$ A×íe lp¡e.
NyfyÐhpL$j®Zbm_y„ bm huS>mu, d_ hN¡f¡ Ap„M¡ ×íe _\u R>sp„ s¡_u Akf,
s¡_y„ `qfZpd, s¡_y„ L$pe® ×íe R>¡. s¡\u S> Ap`Z¡ s¡ kh®_p A[õsÐh_p¡ õhuL$pf
L$ep£ R>¡. F>s©A¡ F>syA¡ Aphsp„ `yó`, am hNf¡ `pR>m r_ed_ L$f_pfp¡ iy„ L$p¡B
_l] lp¡e ! Å¡ S>Ns A[õsÐhdp„ R>¡. Å¡ s¡ âÐen R>¡, sp¡ s¡_p L$pfZ dpV¡$ buÅ¡
L$p¡B AÞe `yfphp¡ S>ê$fu _\u. S>¡d h©n A¡ S> buS>_p¡, `yÓ A¡ S> r`sp_p¡ `yfphp¡
R>¡. s¡d S>Ns A¡ S> S>NÞ_p\_p¡ `yfphp¡ R>¡. S>Ns õhe„ Å¡ L$pe® R>¡ sp¡ Bðf s¡_y„
L$pfZ R>¡.
S>Ns_p„ L$pfZ_¡ S> ip÷¡ ""Bðf'' sfuL¡$ Ap¡mMpìey„ R>¡. Apd Bðf_¡
S>Ns_y„kS>®_ L$fhp_y„ op_ lsy„ A_¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> S>Ns_p„ kS>®_ dpV¡$ s¡ r_rdÑ
L$pfZ L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡d kp¡_u_¡ v$pNu_p OX$hp_y„ op_ R>¡. s¡d S>Ns_¡ OX$hp_y„ A_¡
s¡_y„ r_ed_ L$fhp_y„ op_ Bðf_¡ R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡ S>Nsr_e„sp L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡
S>Ns_p. kh® Æhp¡_u Nrs ÅZ_pfp¡ R>¡. kh®_¡ s¡_p„ L$dp£ âdpZ¡ am Ap`_pfp¡
R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡_¡ L$d®amv$psp A_¡ L$dp®Ýen `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡. Apd kp¥_p„ L$d®, S>Þd
A_¡ Nrs_p¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ R>¡ dpV¡$ S> s¡_¡ kh®o `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡.
90
Bðf S>Ns_y„ r_rdÑ L$pfZ R>¡. s¡ sp¡ kdÅB Ney„ `Z Of¡Zp„ dpV¡$ S>¡d kp¡_y„
A_¡ OX$p dpV¡$ S>¡d dpV$u D`pv$p_ L$pfZ R>¡ iy„ ? S>Ns L$B hõsydp„\u bÞey„ R>¡
? Å¡ L$p¡B hõsydp„\u S>Ns Bðf¡ b_pìey„ lp¡e sp¡ s¡ hõsy gpìep L$ep„\u ? Ly„$cpf
sp¡ dpV$u ^fsu `pk¡\u gpìep¡. kp¡_u kp¡_y„`©Õhu `pk¡\u gpìep¡ `Z kdN° `©Õhu
k|e®, N°lp¡, D`N°lp¡ kcf k„`|Z® S>Ns kS>®hp dpV¡$ Bðf s¡ hõsy gpìep L$ep„\u
? Aphp¡ AV$`V$p¡ âñ v$f¡L$ byqÙÆhu_¡ \hp¡ Å¡BA¡ A_¡ \pe R>¡. s¡_p kdp^p_
dpV¡$ S> A¡hy„ L$l¡hpe R>¡ L¡$ Bðf S>Ns b_phhp dpV¡$ ""hõsy'' buS>¡ L$ep„\u gpìep
_\u S>Ns_p kS>®_ dpV¡$ Bðf `fs„Ó _\u. S>Ns_u fQ_p dpV¡$_u ""hõsy'' s¡
`p¡sp_u A„v$f\u S> `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u õhe„ Bðf D`pv$p_ L$pfZ R>¡ A_¡ S>¡
""hõsy'' s¡Z¡ kS>£gu R>¡ s¡dp„\u S>Ns b_phhp_y„ op_ s¡_¡ R>¡, s¡\u s¡ r_rdÑ
L$pfZ Apd Bðf S>Ns_p„ kS>®_ dpV¡$ ArcÞ_r_rds D`pv$p_ L$pfZ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
ip÷p¡A¡ S>Ns s¡_u fQ_p A_¡ s¡_p L$pfZ _¡ kdÅhhp dpV¡$_u ky„v$f fQ_p
L$fu R>¡ L¡$ âñp¡_u hZTpf S>epf¡ iê$ \pe Ðepf¡ Ðep„ S> idu Åe S>epf¡ L$fp¡rmep¡
`p¡sp_y„ Åmy„ b_ph¡ R>¡. Ðepf¡ s¡ Åmp_p spf b_phhp dpV¡$ S>¡ hõsy_u s¡_¡ S>ê$f
`X¡$ R>¡. s¡_¡ s¡ `p¡sp_u A„v$f\u S> `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. Åmy b_phhp_y„ op_ s¡_¡ R>¡ s¡\u
s¡ r_rdÑ L$pfZ `Z R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ S>Ns_p„ r_dp®Z dpV¡$ r_rdÑ A_¡ D`pv$p_
b„_¡ L$pfZ Bðf `p¡s¡ S> R>¡. L$fp¡rmep_u dpaL$ Bðf `Z S>Ns_p„ kS>®_ dpV¡$ S>¡
""hõsy''_u S>ê$f `X¡$ R>¡ s¡_¡ `p¡sp_u A„v$f\u S> `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. s¡ hõsy_¡ Bðf_u
iqL$s L$l¡hpe R>¡ s¡ iqL$s s¡S> ""dpep'' Ap dpep_y„ AÞe _pd s¡ âL©$rs R>¡.
A\p®s dpep iqL$s A¡ S> S>Ns_p„ kS>®_ dpV¡$_y„ D`pv$p_ R>¡. A_¡ Bðf kh®o
lp¡hp\u s¡_¡ S>Ns fQ_p_y„ op_ R>¡. s¡\u Bðf r_rdÑ L$pfZ `Z R>¡. Apd
S>Ns_u DÐ`rÑ dpV¡$ Bðf r_rdÑ A_¡ D`pv$p_ b„_¡ L$pfZ R>¡.
dpep Bðf\u R|>V$u \B iL¡$ _rl L$pfZ L¡$ s¡ Bðf_p„ Apîe¡ R>¡. S>¡d Nfdu
Ar‚_u iqL$s R>¡. s¡\u Ar‚\u rcÞ_ _\u, S>¡d âL$pi k|e®_u iqL$s R>¡. s¡\u
s¡ kye®\u rcÞ_ _\u, s¡d dpep L¡$ âL©$rs Bðf_u iqL$s R>¡. s¡\u s¡ Bðf\u v|$f
_ S>B iL¡$,
S>Ns L$pe® R>¡ A_¡ Bðf L$pfZ R>¡. rkÙp„s A¡hp¡ R>¡ L¡$ L$pe® A_¡ L$pfZ
bp¡gpe b¡, `f„sy A„s¡ sp¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡. kp¡_y„ v$pNu_p_p„ A_¡L$ _pd A_¡ ApL$pfdp„
Nyd_pd \ey„ R>¡. buS> `p¡s¡ S> d|m, ipMp, `p„v$X$p, X$pmp„, azg, am, b_¡ R>¡. s¡hu
91
S> fus¡ Bðf õhe„ r_fpL$pf A_¡ A_pdu lp¡hp R>sp„ S>Ns_p„ sdpd _pd A¡ ApL$pf
`pR>m Nyd_pd \pe R>¡. Bðf S>Ns\u v|$f L$ep„e S>B iL¡$ _rl, v|$f lsp¡ _rl,
vy$f R>¡ `Z _tl, k„`|Z® S>Nsê$`¡ hpõshdp„ Bðf S> ×íe R>¡. Bðf¡ S>Ns_y„ ê$`
^eȳ R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡ S>Nsê$`¡ v¡$Mpe R>¡. A\p®s S>ep S>ep S>Ns R>¡ Ðep„ Ðep„ Bðf
R>¡ s¡ S> lL$uL$L$s R>¡. Bðf¡ S>¡ dpep `p¡sp Üpfp `¡v$p L$fu R>¡ s¡ S> dpep_¡ s¡ k„L¡$gu
`Z g¡ R>¡. Ðepf¡ âge \ep¡ L$l¡hpe R>¡. `p¡sp_¡ S>Ns_y„ L$pfZ Bðf v$ip®hep bpv$,
cNhp_ lh¡ S>Zph¡ L¡$ dpfp\u L$p¡B rcÞ_ `v$p\® _\u.
ds: `fsf¡ _pÞes¹

± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹


Brsîu AÝepe - 8 Anfb°û ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

92
AÝepe : 9 fpS>rhÛp fpS>Nyü ep¡N
îuL©$óZ `fdpÐdp ASy>®__¡ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ S> Ap S>Ns_y„ L$pfZ Ry>„. L$pfZ sfuL¡$
kdN° S>Nsê$`u L$pe®dp„ lz„ ìepàs Ry>„. S>Nsê$`¡ lz„ S> rhgku füp¡ Ry>„. ""dyS>\u h^y
î¡›$ dyS>\u DÐL©$ô$ dyS>\u dlp_ Ap rhðdp„ AÞe L„$B S> _\u''. i¡fX$u_p„ fkdp„
kpL$f, Mp„X$, `spkp, Np¡m, Ap¡sâp¡s R>¡. s¡d Ap S>Nsdp„ sdpd `v$p\p£,
âpZuAp¡, Apd A_¡ ApL$pfp¡, dyS> L$pfZê$`u k|Ódp„ S> `fp¡hpe¡gp R>¡. lz„ S> kp¥_¡
A¡L$dpÓ Ap^pf `fd¡ðf Ry>„. Vy$L$dp„ kye® A_¡ Q„Ö_y„ s¡S> sÐh lz„ S> Ry>„, kh® h¡v$p¡dp„
ÅZhp S>¡hy„ S>¡ L„$B R>¡. Ap¡dL$pf L¡$ âZh lz„ S> Ry>„, S>¡V$gp S>¡V$gp byqÙdp_ `yê$jp¡
R>¡ s¡ kh®dp„, Ar_Ðe A_¡ r_Ðe, ks¹ A_¡ Aks¹, ApÐdp A_¡ A_pÐdp, S>X$ A_¡
Q¡s_, kpL$pf A_¡ r_fpL$pf, kNyZ A_¡ r_Ny®Z, _pdu A_¡ A_pdu, rh_piu A_¡
Arh_piu, ^d® A_¡ A^d®, ìeL$s A_¡ AìeL$s rhNf¡_¡ Ap¡mMhp_u S>¡
rhh¡L$iqL$s R>¡ s¡ lz„ S> Ry>„. kp¥_u kudp dyS>dp„ R>¡ R>sp„ lz„ Akud Ry>„.
cNhp_¡ L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ L$pd A_¡ fpN\u dyL$s \B_¡ fl¡gp¡ Ry>„."" ^dp®rhfyÙp¡ c|s¡jy
L$pdp¡X$[õd'' l¡ ASy>®_ ! lz„ kh®cs | p¡dp„ âpZudpÓdp„ L$pd_p sfuL¡$ S> [õ\s Ry>„.
`Z s¡ L$pd_p Æh_ V$L$phhp dpV¡$_u S> lp¡hu Å¡BA¡. lz„ kp¡_p„ ^d®\u Arhê$Ù
A¡hu L$pd_p„ Ry>„ A\p®s¹ ^d®_¡ A_yL|$m A¡hu L$pd_p„ Ry>„. Mphy„, `uhy„, DOhy„, Å¡hy„
Apqv$ Æh__u d|mc|s ê$`u S>¡ L$pd_p„ âpZudpÓdp„ AìeL$s `X¡$gu R>¡. s¡ õhe„d
lz„ S> Ry>„, âh©rs dpV¡$ S>¡ bm A_¡ iqL$s S>ê$fu R>¡ s¡ bm S> âh©rs L$fphu âpZu_u
Q¡s_p_¡ Ål¡f L$f¡ R>¡. Ap\u bm A_¡ L$pd A¡ Q¡s__p¡ ^d® R>¡, S>X$_p¡ _lu A\p®s¹
cNhp_¡ kyQìey„ R>¡ L¡$ kp¥ c|sdpÓdp„ lz„ S> Q¡s_iqL$s Ry>„, lz„ S> Bðf Ry>„. lz„ S>
kdrô$, lz„ S> rhfpV$ Aphy„, S>¡ op_ R>¡ s¡ S> rhop_ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
cNhp__¡ sÐh\u _ ÅZhp `pR>m_y„ A¡L$dpÓ L$pfZ dp¡l S> R>¡. s¡ ifuf_¡
S> ApÐdp ÅZ¡ R>¡ A_¡ s¡\u S> s¡ ifuf_u kyMpL$pfu, ifuf_p„ S> cp¡Nrhgpkdp„
ApkL$s fl¡ R>¡. ifuf_p„ v$v®$_¡ `p¡sp_y„ dp_u vy$:Mu \pe R>¡, ifuf_p„ dp¡s_¡ `p¡sp_p¡
rh_pi kdÆ Æh_cf cecus fl¡ R>¡. d__p ^d®_¡ `p¡sp_p„ dp_u b„^_dp„ `X¡$
R>¡. Apd A_pÐdp kp\¡ kO_ spv$pÐde s¡ S> dp¡l R>¡. S>ep„ ky^u dp¡l Ry>V¡$ _rl.
Ðep„ ky^u cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ L$p¡B d_¡ sÐh\u ÅZu iL¡$ _rl„ L¡$ lz ÓZ¡ NyZp¡\u

93
`f Ry>„, Aifufu Ry>„. Arh_piu Ry>„, r_ÐedyL$s Ry>„, A_pqv$ A_¡ A_„s Ry>„, kh®_y„
Ar^›$p_ R>y>„, AS>f, Adf, Aìee, r_fpde, dpepL$pe®\u dyL$s Ry>„,
dpep A_¡ âL©$rs b„_¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡. dpep A¡S> Æh A_¡ b°û_p¡ c¡v$ `¡v$p L$f¡
R>¡. Bðf_¡ s¡_u iqL$s dpep R>¡. S>¡ Bðf\u ArcÞ_ R>¡, Bðf_¡ Aprîs R>¡, R>sp„
dpep`rs Bðf s¡_p\u dyL$s R>¡. dpep\u dyL$s \hp_p¡, s¡_¡ sfhp_p¡ D`pe
S>Zphsp„ cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡. ""S>¡ `yfyjp¡ d_¡ S> r_f„sf cS>¡ R>¡ s¡Ap¡ Ap dpep
_¡ sfu Åe R>¡, Ac¡v$cph¡ ANf A_Þe cph¡ cS>hp\u ×íeâ`„Q_u r_h©rs \sp„
S> dpep õhe„s r_h©s \pe s¡ S> dpep_y„ sfZ R>¡, s¡_¡ S> dpep Ap¡m„Nhu L$l¡hpe
R>¡.
cNhp__¡ cS>_pfpAp¡dp„ S>¡ rS>opkp ^fph¡ R>¡ s¡Ap¡ kprÐhL$ L$d® L$f_pfp,
`yÎeL$dp£_¡ A_ykf_pfp R>¡. s¡ op_u R>¡. cNhp__¡ cS>hp âeÐ_iug R>¡ R>sp„
s¡d_u cS>_ cph_pdp„ c¡v$ R>¡ L$pfZ L¡$ v$f¡L$_p `|h®S>Þd_p k„õL$pfp¡dp„ c¡v$ R>¡.
v$f¡L$_u `fdpÐdp ârs Nrs L$fhp_u suh°sp, Ar^L$pf, cph_p A_¡ NsS>Þd_u
A^|fu hpk_p_p âdpZdp„ `Z c¡v$ R>¡. Aphp c¡v$_¡ Ap^pf¡ cS>_pfpAp¡_p Qpf
âL$pf R>¡.
(1) A\p®\} cL$s : S>¡ s¡_u `pk¡ _\u s¡_u âprá_u BÃR>p\u s¡ cS>_
L$f¡ R>¡. `yÓ¡ÃR>p, rhÑ¡ÃR>p, gp¡L¡$ÃR>p L¡$ ifufkyM hN¡f¡ dpV¡$ s¡ cS>_ L$f¡ R>¡. Ap
gp¡L$ A_¡ `fgp¡L$_p kyM_u L$pd_p L¡$ A`¡np R>¡, s¡\u s¡ kL$pd cL$s R>¡.
(2) Aps® : S>¡ `p¡sp_p vy$:M, v$v®$ A_¡ `uX$p_¡ v|$f L$fhp cS>_ L$f¡ R>¡.
ky^Þhp, NS>fpS> A_¡ Öp¥`v$u Aps®cL$s L$l¡hpe.
(3) rS>opky : S>¡_pdp„ _\u L$pd_p A\®_u L¡$ _\u L$p¡B L$pd_p vy$:M-
`uX$p\u dyL$s \hp_u, s¡ sp¡ cp¥rsL$ L$pd\u dyL$s \e¡gp¡, r_óL$pdcph¡ cS>_
L$f_pfp¡ cL$s R>¡. b°û ÅZhp_u BÃR>p\u s¡ S>¡ tQs_-d__ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ `Z
cNhp__p¡ A„s:L$fZ_u iyqÙê$`u âkpv$ d¡mhhp dpV¡$ S>.
(4) op_u : S>¡ `p¡sp_¡ A_¡ cNhp__¡ Ac¡v$cph¡ A¡L$ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡ lh¡ s¡_¡
L„$B ÅZhp_u rS>opkp `Z _\u L¡$ _\u dp¡n L¡$ dyqL$s_u BÃR>p. op_ Üpfp s¡
kdÆ Q|L$ep¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ r_ÐedyL$s Ry>„. s¡ op_u sp¡ AL$pd, r_óL$pd, ApáL$pd,
94
ApÐdL$pd \B Q|L$ep¡ R>¡. hpk_p i|Þe A_¡ h©rslu_ \B Nep¡ R>¡. kv$p - kh®v$p
ApÐdrhQpfdp„ S> fdZ L$fsp¡ fl¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ op_u cL$s L$lep¡ R>¡.
""Bðf''op_u_u õsyrs L$fsp„ h^ydp„ S>Zphhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ L¡$ A_¡L$ ep¡_uAp¡dp„
S>Þd gu^p `R>u L$p¡B vy$g®c_¡ S> d_yóe S>Þd dm¡ R>¡. L$p¡B rhfgp¡ S> rQÑiyqÙ_p
k„õL$pfp¡_¡ âpá L$fhp âeÐ_ L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ cpÁe¡ S> L$p¡B s¡dp„ kam \pe R>¡. Apd
OZp S>Þdp¡ `R>u "L$p¡B op_hp_¹ dpd¹ â`Ýes¡ 'op_u \B d_¡ cS>¡ R>¡, A¡V$g¡ S>
hpkyv¡$h-îuL©$óZ_¡ S> k„`|Z® kQfpQf S>Ns_y„ Ar^›$p_ dp_u_¡ s¡dp„ [õ\f \hy„.
S>¡hu fus¡ dpV$u D`f S> "OX$p¡' _pd A_¡ s¡_p¡ "OV$L$pf' Apfp¡r`s R>¡ dpV$u\u rcÞ_
OX$p_y„ A[õsÐh lp¡B iL¡$ _lu s¡d hpkyv¡$h S> k„`|Z® k„kpf_y„ Ar^›$p_ R>¡. s¡
A_pdu, r_fpL$pf, kh®ìepá, AqÜrse, Ar^›$p_ D`f S> kh®_pd A_¡ ApL$pfp¡
Apfp¡r`s R>¡. hpkyv¡$h\u AgN õhs„Ó S>Ns_y„ A[õsÐh k„chsy„ S> _\u.
S>¡ gp¡L$p¡_u rhh¡L$iqL$s hpk_p Üpfp ApÐdop__¡ bv$g¡ rhjep¡dp„ L¡$ cp¡Np¡dp„
M¡„QpB Åe R>¡ s¡Ap¡ kÐe_¡ _ kdS>sp„ hpk_p s©rá dpV¡$ v¡$hp_p¡ A_yN°l âpá
L$fhp, s¡d_u `|Å-AQ®_p L$fhp â¡fpe R>¡. s¡hp kp¥_u îÙp_¡ lz„ s¡d_p îÜ¡e v¡$h
âÐe¡ S> [õ\f L$fy„ Ry>„, S>¡_u S>¡dp„ îÙp R>¡ s¡ îÙp lz„ c„N L$fsp¡ _\u, `f„sy `yô$
S> L$fy„ Ry>„. L$pfZ L¡$ A„s¡ sp¡ A„sep®duê$`¡ kh®dp„ b°û kÑp S> ìep`u fl¡gu R>¡.
lz„ sp¡ kp¥\u Q¥sÞe sfuL¡$ kp¥_¡ â¡fZp âv$p_ L$fy„ Ry>„. R>sp„ v$f¡L$ `p¡s¡ S>
`p¡sp_u hpk_p âdpZ¡ h©qÙ_¡ âpá \pe R>¡. ""S>¡hu drs s¡hu S> s¡_u Nrs'' ep
drs kp Nrsc®hs¡ —& k|e® sp¡ k„s A_¡ X$pLy$ b„_¡_¡ âL$pi¡ R>¡ R>sp„ s¡ b„_¡ hpk_p
âdpZ¡ S> L$pe® L$f¡ R>¡. S>¡d S>m_y„ L$pe® sp¡ buS> L¡$ A„Ly$f_¡ iqL$s âv$p_ L$fhp_y„
R>¡. R>sp„ v$f¡L$ A„Ly$f L¡$ buS> `p¡sp_u A„sf-hpk_piqL$s L¡$ õhcph dyS>b S> h©qÙ
A_¡ rhL$pk_¡ âpá \pe R>¡. s¡d gp¡L$p¡_u S>¡hu S>¡hu, S>¡ S>¡ v¡$hdp„ îÙp lp¡e s¡_¡
rõ\f \hp lz„ S> s¡_¡ iqL$s Ap`y Ry>„. byqÙdp„ [õ\s ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$` ApÐdp
S> v$f¡L$ c|sdpÓ_¡ s¡_p„ L$dp£ âdpZ¡, s¡_u S>¡ S>¡ âL$pf_u hpk_p R>¡ s¡ âdpZ¡
âh©rs L$fph¡ R>¡ A_¡ s¡ s¡ âh©rs dpV¡$ s¡_¡ iqL$s âv$p_ L$f¡ R>¡. ApÐdp_u krÞ_r^
dpÓ\u S>, kpnudpÓ\u S> v$f¡L$ âpZu_¡ s¡_u drs, hpk_p L¡$ îÙp dyS>b s¡ BÃR>¡
s¡ L$d®dp„ irL$s â¡fZp âpá \B Åe R>¡. ApÐdp L$sp® R>¡ s¡d _lu `Z s¡
iqL$sv$psp R>¡. k|e® L„$B L$fsp¡ _\u, R>sp„ kh® L$p„B k|e®\u S> \pe R>¡ s¡d ApÐdp\u
kpnucph¡ S> kh® L$p„B \pe R>¡.
95
cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ S>¡ îÙpeyL$s kL$pd cL$sp¡ S>¡ S>¡ v¡hp¡_u `|Å L$f¡
R>¡ A_¡ `p¡sp_p„ k„L$ë` BÃR>p L¡$ L$pd_p A_ykpf S>¡ L„$B am d¡mh¡ R>¡ s¡ sdpd
am d¡ S> r_dp®Z L$f¡gp R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ lz„ S> L$d®am_p„ r_edp¡_p¡ ÅZ_pf A_¡
r_e„sp Ry>„. s¡dS> lz„ S> L$d®amv$psp Ry>„ Nd¡ s¡ v¡$hsp_u D`pk_p„\u am dm¡ `Z
L$ep L$d®_y„ L$ey„ A_¡ L¡$V$gy„ am dm¡. s¡ dpV¡$ _½$u L$f_pf sp¡ lz„ S> `fd Bðf Ry>„,
s¡\u v¡$hspAp¡_¡ `|Å, S>`, lp¡d, lh_ Apqv$ A`®Z \pe R>¡ s¡ A„s¡ d_¡ S> dm¡
R>¡. s¡\u rhh¡L$uA¡ kdS>hy„ L¡$hm Ap`_pf sp¡ lz„ S> Ry>„. Nd¡ s¡ v¡$hsp_u `|Å \pe
R>sp s¡_¡ õhuL$pf_pf `Z lz„ S> Ry>„, S>¡d hfkpv$_y„ `pZu Nd¡ s¡ `h®sp¡ L¡$ S>„Ngp¡dp„
hfk¡ R>sp„ A„s¡ sp¡ _v$u-_pmp Üpfp kpNf_¡ S> âpá \pe R>¡ s¡d Nd¡ s¡_u `|Å
AQ®_p \pe, A„s¡ sp¡ d_¡ S>¡ dm¡ R>¡. A_¡ lz„ S> s¡_p bv$gpdp„ L$d®am_p„ L$pev$p
A_ykpf am `Z Ap`y„ Ry>„.
Apd lz„ `fd Bðf kp¥_y„ L$pfZ Ry> A_¡ L$pe® ê$`¡ S>¡ S>Ns ×íe R>¡ s¡ kh®dp„
kh®_¡ Apepk-âeÐ_ rh_p lz„ âpá Ry>„.
s¡ b°û iy„ R>¡ ?
""Anf„ b°û `fdd¹'' S>¡ v¡$i, L$pm, hõsy \u `f R>¡ dyL$s R>¡. s¡ `fd
hõsy S> b°û R>¡ A_¡ s¡ L$pfZ¡ s¡_¡ Anf `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡. A\p®s b°û_p¡ _pi
L¡$ A„s _\u L$pmdp„ _\u v¡$idp„ L¡$ _\u ApL$pfdp„ b°û sp¡ AS>Þdp R>¡. r_Ðe R>¡
L$pfZ L¡$ s¡ Apqv$ frls R>¡. dpV¡$ A_pqv$ `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡. b°û `fd R>¡. D`pr^
^pfZ L$fhp\u, ANf _pd A_¡ ApL$pf kp\¡ spv$pÐçe L$fhp\u, s¡ õhe„ Æh b_¡
R>¡, ArhÛp_u D`pr^hpmp¡ S>Zpe R>¡, _pdu A_¡ kpL$pf \pe R>¡, Aë`o A_¡
Aë`iqL$sdp_ b_¡ R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ `„Qdlpc|s_p„ h÷p¡ L¡$ h¡ic|jp ^pfZ L$f¡ R>¡.
s¡ S> âdpZ¡ b°û L¡$ Q¥sÞe õhe„ S>epf¡ dpep_u D`pr^ ^pfZ L$f¡ R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡
Bðf L$l¡hpe R>¡. kh®o, kh®iqL$sdp_, L$d®amv$psp, L$dp®Ýen, S>Nsr_e„sp, Apqv$
sfuL¡$ Ap¡mMpe R>¡.
Apd Q¥sÞe sp¡ A¡L$_y„ A¡L$ S> R>¡. R>sp„ A¡L$ h¡ic|jpdp„ Æh b_¡ R>¡. AÞe
`p¡jpL$dp„ Bðf b_¡ R>¡. Ap`Z¡ _\u dpsp, r`sp, `yÓ, `yÓu, cpB, bl¡_, _p¡L$f,
i¡W$, X$p¡L$V$f, A¡[ÞS>r_ef, _¡sp, â¡jL$, fpÅ L¡$ âÅ s¡ kp¥ Ap`Zu D`pr^ R>¡.
s¡ kp¥ sp¡ Ap`Z¡ cS>hhp_p„ `pÓp¡ R>¡.
96
cg¡ A¡L$ Æh_dp„ Ap`Z¡ dpsp, r`sp, `yÓ, `yÓu, kpky, hlz, Nd¡ s¡_y„ `pÓ
cS>hsp lp¡BA¡, R>sp„ S>¡ cS>hpe R>¡ s¡ `pÓ Ap`Z¡ L$v$u _\u A_¡L$ `pÓp¡
cS>h_pf S>¡ ipðs Arc_¡sp R>¡ kh® `pÓp¡_p¡ kpnu S>¡ ks¹ õhê$` R>¡. s¡ b°û
S> Ap`Z¡ R>uA¡.
R>sp„ Ap kpQu hpõsrhL$sp_¡ c|g¡gp Ap`Z¡ kp¥ Ap`Zu D`pr^_¡ Ap`Ï„
õhê$` dp_u b¡W$p R>uA¡. S>¡d _pV$L$_p¡ Arc_¡sp f„Nd„Q D`f rcMpfu_y„ `pÓ
cS>hsp¡ lp¡e s¡ kcp_ R>¡ L¡$ ""lz„ lL$uL$sdp„ rcMpfu _\u''. s¡d Ap`Z¡ Nd¡ s¡
h¡idp„ lp¡BA¡ k„kpfdp„ Nd¡ s¡ õ_¡l k„b„^¡ b„^pe¡gp lp¡BA¡, sp¡ `Z Ap`Z_¡
_pV$L$_p Arc_¡sp_u S>¡d kss epv$ fl¡hy„ Å¡BA¡ L¡$ Ap`Z¡ _\u L$p¡B `pÓ, _\u
eyhp, h©Ù L¡$ bpmL$, _\u ArhÛp_u D`pr^eyL$s Æh, _\u Bðf_u dpep
D`pr^\u Ag„L©$s Bðf Ap`Z¡ sp¡ s¡ kp¥\u Ak„N, r_:k„N, Aõ`íe®, A_pdu,
r_fpL$pf, r_ê$`pr^L$, ApÐdp R>uA¡. kpnu Q¥sÞe õhe„ R>uA¡. v¡$iL$pm A_¡ hõsy
dpÓ_p„ Ar^L$pfu kpnu sfuL¡$ kh®ìepá R>uA¡. Ap`Z¡ kp¥ L„$B S> _\u `f„sy
cNhp_¡ L$ley„ R>¡ s¡d Anf õhê$` `fd b°û S> R>uA¡. ""Anf b°û `f„dd¹.''
Æh_ A¡L$ _pV$L$ R>¡. `Z _pV$L$ lfNuS> Æh_ _\u. Ap`Z¡ kss õdfZ
L$fhy„ fley„ L¡$ ifuf_y„ d©Ðey dpfy„ _\u, L$pfZ L¡$ ifuf sp¡ d¢ ^pfZ L$f¡gu h¡ic|jp
R>¡. ifuf_p¡ S>Þd A¡ dpfp Üpfp cS>h_pfp `pÓ_p¡ S>Þd R>¡, dpfp¡ L$v$u _l]. lz„
sp¡ AS>Þdp Ry>„, r_Ðe Ry>„. ifufp¡ Üpfp S>Þdu_¡ Æhpsy„ Æh_ A¡ kdN° A¡L$$ rÓA„L$u
_pV$L$ R>¡. S>¡dp„ S>Þd, Æh_ A_¡ d©Ðey_p„ ÓZ A„L$ R>¡. Aop_dp„ ApÐdp L¡$ b°û
S> Æhcph¡ rÓA„L$u _pV$L$dp„ M¡g M¡g¡ R>¡. M¡g `|fp¡ \sp `p¡s¡ S> d©Ðey_p¡ `X$v$p¡
`pX¡$ R>¡ A_¡ dpÓ ifufê$`u h÷p¡, h¡jc|jp R>p¡X$u_¡ _hp¡ _hy `pÓ cS>hhp Qpëep¡
Åe R>¡. A_¡L$ M¡g M¡ghp_u `pÓp¡ cS>hhp_u hpk_p„ s©á \su _\u Ðep„ ky^u
M¡g M¡g¡ S> fpM¡ R>¡. S>epf¡ s¡_¡ op_ \pe R>¡ L¡$ M¡g A_¡ M¡g_pfp¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡.
Ðepf¡ S> s¡_¡ kdÅe R>¡ L¡$ b°ûê$`u f„Nd„Q `f b°û, Æh, Bïhf A_¡ S>Nsê$`u
cp¡Áe `v$p\p£_y„ `pÓ cS>hu füp¡ lsp¡, ""b°û gV$L$p„ L$f¡ b°û `pk¡,''S>¡ L$p¡B s¡
`fb°û _¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡ b°û S> \B Åe R>¡.
cNhp_¡ A¡hu õ`ô$p L$fu R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ dpfy õdfZ L$fsp¡ L$fsp¡ ifuf R>p¡X¡$ R>¡.
s¡ dpfp cph_¡ A\p®s¹ ks¹ õhê$`_¡ `pd¡ R>¡. s¡_p¡ A\® A¡hp¡ fM¡ L$p¡B L$f¡ L¡$ d©Ðey
kde¡ cNhp__y„ õdfZ L$fu_¡ Ap`Z¡ cNhp_de \B iL$uiy„.
97
L$pfZ L¡$ L$p¡_p¡ A„rsd kde L$epf¡ Aphi¡ s¡ L$l¡hy„ Ars L$`ê$ L$pe® R>¡. s¡\u
Å¡ L$p¡B A„rsd kde_u fpl Å¡B_¡ b¡ku fl¡i¡ sp¡ ""L$pm'' s¡hp_¡ v$Np¡ v¡$i¡ A_¡
ìeqL$s R>¡sfpB S>i¡. Æh_cf L$pd, L$pd A_¡ L$pd_p `p¡L$pfp¡ L$ep® li¡. s¡_¡ L„$B
fus¡ A„s¡ ""fpd'' epv$ Aphi¡. `m¡ `m¡ cp¡N_u dpmp S>`_pf_¡ d©Ðey kde¡ `Z
cp¡N_y„ S> õdfZ fl¡i¡. cNhp__y„ L$qv$ _lu dpV¡$ S>¡Z¡ A„rsd kde¡ `fb°û_p„
õdfZ kp\¡ ifuf R>p¡X$hy„ lp¡e s¡Z¡ sp¡ r_Ðe r_f„sf `fb°û_p„ õdfZdp„ S> Æh_
ìerss L$fhy„ Å¡BA¡. ×rô$ b°ûde rhQpfp¡dp„ kss b°ûtQs_, hpZudp„ b°û_u
r_f„sf õsyrs A_¡ d_dp„ fV$Z li¡. Ac¡v$, A¡L$, AqÜrse, b°û_y„, sp¡ d_dp„
_rl bQ¡ hpk_p„, _rl fl¡ rhjep¡ Apd S>¡_y„ d_ hpk_p A_¡ rhje i|Þe \ey„
li¡. s¡ S> ifuf R|>V$su hMs¡ s¡d_p„ õhê$`_¡ âpá \i¡. A\p®s¹ Al] õdfZ L$fsp
L$fsp ifuf R>p¡X$hp_p¡ qv$ìe k„v¡$i R>¡. A„s kde¡ ifuf R>p¡X$su hMs¡ õdfZ
L$fhp_u riMpdZ _\u, NuspÆ dp¡nip÷_u ê$A¡ k„v¡$i Ap`¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ A„s kde¡
`Z õhe„_¡ b°û\u ArcÞ_ ÅZu_¡ b°û S> \B Åe R>¡.
b°ûrhv¡$ L¡$ op_uA¡ A„s kde¡ `rhÓ L¡$ A`rhÓ õ\m, S>„Ng L¡$ N„NpOpV$,
b°pûZ_y„ Of L¡$ Qp„X$pg_y„ Of, su\®n¡Ó-`yÎec|rd L¡$ N©lõ\_y„ Of, A¡hp¡ rhQpf
L$fhp_p¡ lp¡sp¡ _\u s¡_¡ sp¡ b°ûcph_pdp„ S> b°û_¡ ÅZu_¡ S> A¡ dyqL$s dm¡gu
R>¡. op_uA¡ ifuf_p¡ ÐepN Æhsp„ S> L$ep£ R>¡, A_¡ ifuf\u `p¡sp_¡ Þepfp¡ rcÞ_
A_¡ Ak„N ApÐdp sfuL¡$ ÅÎep¡ R>¡. Aphy„ ApÐdop_ S> s¡_p dpV¡$ dyqL$s R>¡. ''
L$p¡B A¡hp A\®_p¡ ApN°l fpM¡ R>¡ L¡$ îuL©$óZ_y„ ""õdfZ L$fsp„ L$fsp„ ifuf
R>p¡X¡$ R>¡''. sp¡ `Z L„$B hp„^p¡ _\u. L$pfZ L¡$ cNhv$s Nusp_p„ k„v$c®dp„ S>ep„
îuL©$óZ `p¡sp_¡ AS>Þdp hZ®h¡ R>¡ . `p¡sp_¡ L$v$u Acph _ lp¡sp¡ A_¡ _rl lp¡e
s¡hu hpsp¡ L$f¡ R>¡. `p¡sp_¡ A_¡L$ S>Þdp¡_p„ ÅZL$pf sfuL¡$ Ål¡f L$f¡ R>¡. s¡\u õ`ô$
S> R>¡ L¡$ îuL©$óZ A¡V$g¡ dpÓ L$p¡B _pd L¡$ rhi¡j ApL$pf _l] S>, `Z ks¹ rQs¹
Ap_„v$ ApÐdp s¡ S> îuL©$óZ R>¡. Apd, îuL©$óZ_y„ õdfZ A¡V$g¡ S> k[ÃQv$p_„v$_y„
Ac¡v$cph¡ \e¡gy„ õdfZ s¡\u A„s kde¡ A¡hy„ rhQpfp¡ L¡$ lz„ îuL©$óZ_¡ ifZ¡ S>B
füp¡ Ry>„. ""îuL©$óZ: ifZd¹ dd¹'' A\p®s ks¹ rQs¹ A_¡ Ap_„v$_p„ ifZ¡ S>B füp¡
Ry>„. Af¡ A„s¡ A¡ lz„ sp¡ dpfp S> ifZ¡ S>B füp¡ Ry>„.
dpfy„ ifZ A_¡ lz„ b„_¡ Ac¡v$ R>uA¡. S>¡d `fd^pd A_¡ `fdpÐdp A¡L$ S> R>¡.
s¡d lz„ S> dpfy„ `fd^pd Ry>„. A¡d b¡ ArcÞ_ R>uA¡. s¡\u cNhp__y„ õdfZ s¡ dpfp
98
S> ifuf_y„, Al„L$pf_y„, D`pr^_y„, k„kpf_y„, A_pÐdp_y„, rhõdfZ R>¡. Aphy„ r_Ðe
r_f„sf õdfZ L$fsp L$fsp A„s kde¡ iåv$p¡ rh_p dp¥_dp kp¥ õ_¡luAp¡_¡ L$lp¡ L¡$
""kNp„, ìlpgp„, õ_¡luAp¡, k„Np\uAp¡, kp¥ AphÅ¡ lh¡ sp¡ lz„ d_¡ S> dmhp S>B
füp¡ Ry>„. dpfp S> õhê$`dp„ lh¡ lz„ gu_ \pD Ry>„. fp¡ip¡ _rl. _\u _pi S>X$
ifuf_p¡, _\u r_Ðe Q¥sÞe ApÐdp_p¡ rh_pi, lz„ sp¡ Arh_piu Ry>„. lsp¡, A_¡ `y_:
Qpëep¡ dyS> Arh_piu õhê$`dp„ dpfy„ AìeL$s õhê$` s¡ S> îuL©$óZ_y„ õhê$` R>¡.
s¡\u Qpëep¡ lz„ îuL©$óZ_p„ õdfZ kp\¡ s¡_p„ ipðs ifZdp„. S>Þd-d©Ðey \u `f
\B_¡ ks¹ rQs¹ Ap_„v$ õhê$`_¡ S> âpá \pe R>¡. s¡dp„ _\u L$p¡B i„L$p, k„v¡$l L¡$
rhhpv$. Ap sp¡ cNhp__y„ Acev$p_ R>¡. L$v$pQ Æhsp _ AphX$ey„ lp¡e sp¡ `Z
hp„^p¡ _\u, cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ õdfZ L$fsp L$fsp dfhp_y„ `Z S>¡ iuMu iL¡$
R>¡ s¡ S>Þd d©Ðey_„p k„kpf-kpNf\u kv$p_¡ dpV¡$ sfu Åe R>¡. Apd Nuspip÷
dfhp_u `Z L$mp iuMh¡ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ õ`ô$sp L$fu R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ `yfyj dyS>\u AÞe L$p¡B hõsydp„ ApkqL$s
fpMsp¡ _\u s\p d_¡ S> A_Þe cph¡ õdf¡ R>¡ A\p®s¹ Æh¡ R>¡ Ðep„ ky^u ""lz„ b°û
Ry>„¹''. s¡hu cph_p„ S> L$ep® L$f¡ R>¡ s¡hp dyS> b°ûdp„S> r_d‚ rQÑhpmp ep¡Nu_¡ lz„
kygc âpá \pD Ry>„. r_f„sf b°ûcph_p L$f_pf_¡ âpZpepd_p„ Aæepk_y„ vy$:M
_\u L¡$ _\u `qfîd L$fhp¡ `X$sp¡ B[ÞÖer_N°l dpV¡$ s¡_¡ _ sp¡ d_dp„ r_fp¡^_p¡
âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ `X¡$ R>¡ L¡$ _ âpZ_¡ b°ûf„^°dp„ QX$phhp_u D`pr^ L¡$ ìepr^ R>¡. s¡_¡
tQsp, h©rÑ_¡ A_pls Q¾$dp„ QX$phhp_u L¡$ _\u s¡_¡ L$p¡B `Z âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ `X$sp¡
L$p¡B `Z AphfZ_p„ c¡v$__¡ s¡ sp¡ klS> fus¡ S> b°ûcph_p A\p®s¹ `p¡sp_p S>
õh-õhê$`_y„ tQs_ õdfZ L$fsp¡ Al] S> [õ\f flu_¡ A\p®s L$ep„e âpZhpk L$ep®
rh_p„ S> âpfå^_p¡ ne \sp„ ky^u ApÐdõdfZdp„ fs fl¡ R>¡. s¡ d_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ kygc Ry>„,
L$p¡Z kygc R>¡ ? ""l¹y„¹ A¡V$g¡ S> S>¡ r_rh®i¡j, r_óL$g, r_ró¾$e, r_f„S>_,
r_h®L$pf, r_d®m, r_Å_„v$, r_Ðep_„v$, r_fpL$pf, r_dp£l, r_óL$g„L$, r_Ðes©á,
Ap_„v$^_ `fb°û R>¡.
s¡ S> kygc R>¡. Apd b°ûcph_pdp„ r_f„sf r_d‚_¡ dpfu âprá kfm âeÐ_
rh_p„ kygc R>¡. S>¡ vy$:M rh_p„ âpá \pe s¡ S> kygc R>¡. dpV¡$ S> kp¥ dydyny
kp^L$p¡A¡ A_Þe rQÑhpmp \B_¡ kv$p kh®v$p b°ûtQs_ ApÐdrhQpfZp L¡$
99
îuL©$óZ_p„ õhê$`_y„ tQs_ L$fhy„ A¡hp¡ NuspÆ_p¡ k„v¡$i Apv¡$i D`v¡$i R>¡. S>¡
b°ûrhs¡ ApÐdop_ Üpfp ArhÛp L$pd A_¡ L$d® _¡ cõducys L$ep® R>¡, s¡_p¡ L$qv$
`y_:S>Þd \sp _\u. L$pfZ L¡$ ArhÛp L$pd A_¡ L$d®S> `y_:S>Þd_y„ buS> R>¡, L$pfZ
R>¡. L$pfZ_p¡ _pi s\p L$pe®_u âprá \B iL¡$ _rl.
S>epf¡ S>ep„ S>¡ nZ¡ op_u b°û_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡. s¡ nZ¡ Ðep„ S> s¡ `p¡sp_¡ b°ûde
L¡$ b°ûõhê$`_¡ A_ych¡ R>¡. L$pfZ¡ L¡$ b°û kh®kde¡, kh® õ\m¡, lpS>fplSy>f R>¡.
dpV¡$ S> op_u_¡ b°ûâprá dpV¡$ _\u S>ê$f dfhp_u, _\u S>ê$f dfu_¡ L$ep„e S>hp_u,
_\u S>ê$f kdedp„ fpl Å¡hp_u L¡$ _\u S>ê$f L$p¡B õ\m bv$ghp_u. s¡_¡ sp¡ hpk_p„
ne¡ Alu A_¡ AÐepf¡ S> dp¡n L¡$ dyqL$s A_ychpe R>¡. s¡ ApÐdop_dp„ hpk_p_¡
cõduc|s L$ep® rh_p iL$e _\u. hpk_p_p¡ S> k„kpf R>¡. sdpd hpk_p ÐépNu_¡
dyqL$s_u hpk_p `Z ÐeÆ v¡$ R>¡.
""`y_: `y_: rhk©Ård'' cNhp_¡ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ hpf„hf âpZudpÓ_¡ kfSy>„ Ry>„.
kS>®_ A_¡ rhkS>®_ A¡ cNhp__¡ dpV¡$ A¡L$ fds R>¡. s¡dp„ lpfÆs_p¡ cph _\u
L$p¡B _ap_yL$ip__p¡ ¿epg. bpmL$p¡ fds fd¡ R>¡ fds_¡ Mpsf - s¡d Bðf_u fds
L¡$ kS>®__p¡ _\u L$p¡B lj®. âge_p¡ _\u L$p¡B ip¡L$ - îuL©$óZ kS>®_ - rhkS>®__u
fds fd¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡_¡ ""lp¡guX¡$'' _\u L¡$ _\u L$p¡B ""kÞX¡$'' S>¡hy„ _\u L$p¡B gp„bu,
V|„$L$u ""qfk¡k'' L¡$ D_pmp_y„ h¡L¡$i_ L¡$ _\u L$p¡B L$pe®\u r_h©rÑ. Æh__¡ S>¡ L$pe®
kdS>¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ r_h©rÑ_u S>ê$f `X¡$ R>¡. S>ep„ ky^u Æh_ L$pe® fl¡i¡ Ðep„ ky^u ìer¼s
Æh_cf L$pe®_p¡ Nygpd fl¡i¡. `f„sy Æh_ S>epf¡ A¡L$ fds b_u S>i¡ Ðepf¡ sdpd
L$d® r_cp®f S>Zpi¡ âcy_p„ kS>®_-rhkS>®_ _p L$pe®dp„ L$ep„e cpf _\u dpV¡$ S> s¡
hpf„hpf kS>®_ L$fhp s¥epf R>¡. s¡_u kS>®_ê$`u fdsdp„ Q¡s_ R>¡, h©qÙ R>¡, rhL$pk
R>¡, Ap_„v$ R>¡, S>epf¡ dp_hu_y„ kS>®_ h©qÙ-rhL$pk rhlp¡Ï R>¡. dp_huA¡ b_ph¡gu
L$p¡B hõsy `X$u fl¡ A_¡ A¡L$dp„\u b¡ Ap`p¡Ap` b_¡ s¡d \sy„ _\u. Af¡ A¡L$
OX$uepm b_pìep `R>u s¡ S> OX$uepmdp„\u s¡_p S>¡hu AÞe OX$uepm b_su _\u.
S>epf¡ Bðf_p„ kS>®_dp„ buS>dp„\u h©n A_¡ h©n\u `y_: buS> A¡L$ dp_hu\u
A_¡L$_u DÐ`qÑ \pe R>¡.
R>sp„ Aphu A_¡L$spdp„ h¥rhÝedp„ A„s¡ A¡L$Ðh S> Å¡hp dm¡ R>¡. kh®dp„ ApÐdp„
sp¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡ s¡ kyQh¡ R>¡ L¡$ hpõshdp„ kS>®_ v¡$Mpe R>¡ `Z \sy _\u. rhk®S>_
S>Zpe R>¡ `Z L„B S> _ô$ \sy„ _\u. Ap sp¡ ìeL$spìeL$s_u, ×íep×íe_u,
100
k„spL|$L$X$u S>¡hu fds R>¡. dpV¡$ S> cNhp_¡ L$üy„ L¡$ dpf¡ d_ DÐ`rÑ, rõ\rs, ge,
fds dpÓ R>¡. s¡\u S> lz„ fdy„ Ry>„. kp¥_¡ fdpXy„$ Ry>„. kh® L$p„B kS>®_ L$fy„ Ry>„. R>sp„
d_¡ AL$sp® L$l¡hX$phy„ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> L$fpdsu L©$óZ Ry>„. kp¥_¡ c°ddp„ cdphy„ Ry>„. s¡\u
S> lz„ `fb°û Ry>. âL©$rs_¡ `p¡sp_p hidp„ fpMu_¡ `p¡s¡ âL©$rs\u dyL$s flu kp¥_¡
`fhi fpM_pfp¡ Ry>„. s¡\u S> `fd¡ðf Ry>„.
kyrô$_y„ kS>®_ A¡ A¡L$ rhrQÓ A_¡ dp_hÅs_¡ dy„Thsp¡ AV$`sp¡ L$p¡eX$p¡ R>¡.
âL©$rs L¡$ dpep sp¡ S>X$ R>¡. S>X$ L$B fus¡ kS>®_ L$fu iL¡$ ? A_¡ Q¥sÞe ApÐdp
L¡$ b°û sp¡ r_fpL$pf R>¡. r_fhehu R>¡. s¡\u dpÓ Q¥sÞe `Z kS>®_ L$fhp kd\®
_\u. sp¡ `R>u kS>®_ \ey„ L$B fus¡ ? hmu v$f¡L$ L$ë`¡ kS>®_-rhkS>®_ Qpëep S>
L$f¡ R>¡. s¡ L$f¡ R>¡ L$p¡Z ? s¡\u S> cNhp_ kdÅh¡ R>¡ L¡$ dpfu krÞ_r^dp„ S> âL©$rs
Üpfp kh® L$p„B kÅ®e R>¡.
dpfu AÝenspdp„ S> âL©$rs S>X$-Q¡s_, Qf-AQf_¡ `p¡spdp„\u S>Þdph¡ R>¡.
A\p®s k„kpf_u âk|rs âL©$rsNs R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$ Ap Qgphhp dpV¡$ kÑp A_¡ õawrs®
âv$p_ L$fy„ Ry>„ A¡ `R>u âL©$rs sp¡ õhe„ õhcphNs s¡ L$pe® Qgph¡ S> fpM¡ R>¡. lz„
sp¡ dpÓ AÝen kpnu L¡$ Aç`pef_u S>¡d q_[ó¾$e \B lpS>f lp¡J Ry>„. kh® L$p„B
âL©$rs\u S> \pe R>¡ R>sp dpfu A_y`[õ\rs L¡$ Acph nZdpÓ `Z Qpgu iL¡$
_l]. lz„ S> L„$B _\u L$fsp¡, R>sp dpfp hX¡$ S> kh® L$p„B \pe R>¡. S>¡d k|e®_u
kpnudp„ S> kh® L$p„B Ly$v$fs Üpfp \pe R>¡. k|e® N°lp¡_¡ a¡fhsp¡ _\u, awg_u
`p„MX$uAp¡dp„ `°h¡iu `yó`_¡ Mughsp¡ _\u, s¡ L$B rnrsS>dp„ S>B_¡ f„Np¡mu `|fsp¡
_\u, fps_¡ qv$hkdp„ bv$gsp¡ _\u, R>sp„ k|e®_u D`[õ\rs dpÓ\u `yó`p¡ Mug¡ R>¡.
A\p®s kye® `yó`_¡ v|$f\u `Z Q¥sÞe A`£ R>¡. k|e®_u krÞ_r^\u S> N°lp¡dp„
`qfc°dZ \pe R>¡, rnrsS>dp„ f„Np¡mu `|fpB, R>¡ fpsqv$hk_y„ Q¾$ Qpg¡ R>¡, hpv$m
kÅ®e R>¡, hjp® Aph¡ R>¡, Q¥sÞeê$`¡ lz„ dpÓ kpnu \B_¡ k|e®_u S>¡d dp¡S|>v$ flz„ Ry>„
S>¡\u âL©$rs_y„ kh® L$p„B kS>®_pqv$ L$pe® Qpëep L$f¡. Apd, b^y„ S> âL©$rsNs \pe
R>¡. Ap`Z¡ sp¡ kpnu dpÓ R>uA¡. Aphy„ rhQpfu_¡ s¡_¡ A_ykfhp\u S> L$d®b„^_\u
dyL$s \hpi¡.
cNhp_¡ Nusp¡`v¡$i Üpfp õ`ô$ L$ey® R>¡ L¡$ ifuf A¡ sp¡ dpfy h÷ R>¡. v¡$lê$`u
h÷ ^pfZ L$fhp `pR>m_p¡ l¡sy îu L©$óZ¡ õhdyM¡ kdÅìep¡ R>¡. ""S>epf¡ S>epf¡
^d®_u lp_u \i¡ Ðepf¡ Ðepf¡ ^d® õ\p`_p„ dpV¡$ eyN¡ eyN¡ lz„ âNV$ \Bi''. Ap\u
101
õ`ô$ \pe R>¡ L¡$ v¡$l sp¡ Bðf_p AprhõL$pf_y„ ArcìéqL$s_y„ dpÝed R>¡. epv$ fl¡
dpÝed õhe„ Bðf _\u. dpÝeddp„ S>¡ sÐh R>¡ s¡ Bðf R>¡ Bðfdp„ S> r_ê$`pr^L$
ApÐdp R>¡ s¡ `fb°û R>¡. s¡d R>sp„ d|Mp£ A_¡ d|Y$p¡ õhê$`\u d_¡ _-ÅZsp dpfp
v¡$lê$`u h÷_¡, dpfp dpÝed_p Ahspf_¡ `|S>¡ R>¡ A_¡ Ahspfu_¡ c|g¡ R>¡. s¡ D`v¡$i
L¡$ S>¡dp„ õhe„ d¢ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ sp¡ ""AìeL$s d|rs® õhê$` Ry>„, dyS> r_fpL$pf\u S>
Ap kOmy S>Ns ìepá R>¡.'' cNhv$Nusp_p¡ cìe cNhp_, c°p„rs_¡ c°‚ L$fhp,
c¡v$dpÓ_¡ cõd L$fhp, c|sdl¡ðf sfuL¡$ Op¡jZp L$fu füp¡ R>¡ L¡$ `p¡s¡ Acph\u
dyL$s ipðs cphõhê$` R>¡. d|rs®Ap¡_p„ c¡v$\u dyL$s R>¡. d|rs® sp¡ dpfy„ ê$` R>¡. ârsL$
R>¡. S>epf¡ Ad|s®, r_fpL$pf, Ac¡v$, Ace A¡ S> dpê$ õhê$` R>¡. Ap R>¡ `qfQe
õhe„ c|sdl¡ðf sfuL¡$_p¡ A_¡ `fd ipðs ArõsÐh_p¡ sfuL¡$_p¡.
cNhp_ L„$B blpf\u Aphhp_p¡ _\u. `Z cph_p\u S> ùv$edp„\u `¡v$p
\hp_p¡ R>¡. S>¡d buS>dp„\u h©n ArcìeL$s \pe R>¡. s¡d rhcL$s _lu \e¡gp„
cL$sdp„\u S> cNhp_ âNV$ \pe R>¡. A\p®s¹ õhe„ cL$s S> A_Þe_¡ cNph_ê$`¡
v¡$Mpe R>¡. cL$s_¡ sp¡ `p¡s¡ A_¡ kh®õh b°ûõhê$` S> S>Zpe R>¡. dpV¡$ op_u L$rh
cL$s _ftkl dl¡spA¡ Npey„ L¡$ b°û gV$L$p„ L$f¡ b°û `pk¡ rQÑ Q¥sÞe rhgpk sÜz`
R>¡.
cqL$s hX¡$ D`pk_p_p¡ A\® ip¡ \pe ? ""D` A¡V$g¡ `pk¡, kpd¡, _ÆL$,
kdu`, Apk_ g¡hy„, Apd sÐhp\£ D`pk_p A¡V$g¡ A„sfpÐdp_u kdu` b¡khy„ s¡ A_¡
s¡ dpÓ b°ûcph¡ D`pk_p„\u S> iL$e b_¡ R>¡. ApÐdtQs_, d__, A_¡
r_qv$Ýepk_ Ap`_¡ Ap`_u kdu` Apk_ A`phu iL$i¡. V|„$L$dp„ ìehkpe A_¡ ^d®
b_php¡ `Z ^d®_¡ ìehkpe L$qv$ _l].
""kssd¹ L$us®Þesp¡ dpd¹'' A\p®s¹ S>¡ r_Ðe r_f„sf dpfy„ S> d__ L$f¡ R>¡ A¡V$g¡
L¡$ îhZ, d__, r_qv$Ýepk_ Üpfp S>¡_p rQÑdp„ kss `fdpÐdp_y„ S> õdfZ fl¡
R>¡. s¡ kss L$us®_ L$f_pf R>¡. S>¡_p ifufdp„ S> _l], s_dp„ d_dp„ A_¡ S>¡_p
fp¡dfp¡ddp„ E¡W¡$ R>¡ fZL$pf `fdpÐdp_p„ _pd_p¡ N|„S>¡ R>¡, NpS>¡ R>¡ A_¡ A„s¡ d_¡ S>
`pd¡ R>¡.
cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ r`sp Ry>„. A\p®s¹ ApL$piprv$ â`„Q_p¡ S>_L$ Ry>„, ANf
dpepkhf b°û Ry>„. L¡$ S>¡ DÐ`rÑ_y„ L$pfZ R>¡ ANf A¡d kdÅ¡ L¡$ lz„ S> S>Ns_y„
102
ArcÞ_-r_rdÑ D`pv$p_ L$pfZ Bðf Ry>„. îyrs S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""r_òe S> s¡
(kh®ârk$Ù)Ap ApÐdp\u kp¥ â\d ApL$pi DÐ`Þ_ \ey„ R>¡. ApL$pi\u hpey,
hpey\u Ar‚, Ar‚\u `pZu, `pZu\u `©Õhu, `©Õhu\u Ap¥jr^Ap¡, Ap¥jr^Ap¡\u
AÞ_, A_¡ AÞ_\u `yfyj DÐ`Þ_ \ep¡ ""s¡ âdpZ¡ lz„ dpsp, r`sp A_¡ r`spdl
Ry>„. lz ÓZ¡ L$pm_p¡, A_¡ L$pmdp„ \_pfp kh® kS>®__p¡, kh® k„cphhp_pAp¡_p¡ S>_L$
Ry>„. dpV¡$ l¡ ASy>®_ sy„ L„$B S> _\u. Al„L$pf Ap¡Npmu_¡ dpÓ b°ûcph¡ D`pk_p L$f,
õhe„ b°û \hp. dpfu kp\¡ A¥L$e kp^, sp¡ kdÅi¡ L¡$ S>ep„ lz„ Ry>„. Ðep„ S> sy„
R>¡. s¡ S> sy„ R>¡. Aphu iuMpdZ Ap`sp s¡ kdÅh¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ S> kh®_p L$d®_u
amê$`u Nrs Ry>„. lz„ S> kh®_p¡ `p¡jZL$sp® Ry>„. S>Nsr_e„sp `Z lz„ S> Ry>„. lz„ kp¥_p¡
õhp\® rh_p S> kp¥_¡ D`L$pf L$f_pf s\p hjp® hpey âv$p_ L$f_pf Ry>„. b°ûp-rhóÏ
A_¡ dl¡i `Z lz„ S> Ry>„. S>¡_p\u L$p¡B `Z Æh dfZ _¡ âpá \pe, rhL$pf_¡ âpá
\pe, s¡ d©Ðey„ `Z lz„ S> Ry>„, S>X$, ×íe, A×íe A_¡ AìeL$s s¡ `Z dpfy„ S>
õhê$` R>¡.''
""ep¡N n¡d d¹ hlprd Ald¹' '
S>¡Ap¡ r_Ðe, r_f„sf A_Þe tQs_dp„ eyL$s R>¡. s¡d_p„ S> ep¡Nnd_u
S>hpbv$pfu cNhp_¡ D`pX$u R>¡, AÞe_u _lu. A_Þecph¡ tQs_ L$f_pf L„$B cp¥rsL$
hõsy dpV¡$ tQs_ _ L$f¡. R>sp„ cNhp_ sp¡ S>¡_u S>¡hu cph_p s¡hy„ s¡_y„ am, S>¡hu
S>¡_u drs s¡hu s¡_u Nrs _p rkÙp„s_¡ A_ykf_pfp R>¡. s¡\u S> s¡dZ¡ Acev$p_
ê$`u hfv$p_ Ap`u L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ Aâpá R>¡ s¡_u âprá L$fphhp_u S>hpbv$pfu dpfp
rif¡ R>¡. cNhv$Nusp dp¡nip÷ R>¡. s¡\u s¡ ×rô$ A¡ rhQpfsp õ`ô$ R>¡ L¡$ cp¥rsL$
hõsy sp¡ v$f¡L$_¡ âpfå^Ns dm¡ S> R>¡. Å¡ Atl ""ep¡N'' _p A\®dp„ A âprá_u
hps R>¡ sp¡ s¡dp„ ApÐdop_ A_¡ rQÑiyqÙ S>¡ dpÓ Bðfp_yN°l\u dm¡ R>¡. s¡_p¡ S>
kdph¡i ""ep¡N''_p k„v$c®dp„ R>¡ s¡d L$l¡hpdp„ Arsiep¡qL$s _\u, V|„$L$dp„ sÐhp\£
ApÐdop_ `„\¡ op_[›$p, [õ\rs A_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ kde¡ \sp rhn¡`p¡ L¡$ rhÂ_p¡\u
fnZ L$fhp_u S>hpbv$pfu R>¡.
cNhv¹$Nusp sp¡ õ`ô$ L$f¡ R>¡ L¡$ cpÁe¡ S> L$p¡B_¡ `|Å AphX¡$ R>¡. k„kpf_p„
gp¡L$p¡ rhr^ ÅZ¡ R>¡. L$ep ¾$ddp„ iy„ \hy„ Å¡BA¡ s¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡. `Z `yÅ A¡ L$p¡B
q¾$ep _\u.

103
s¡ sp¡ A¡hu Ap„sfMp¡S> R>¡ S>ep„ `|S>e A_¡ `yÅfu _pdi¡j \pe R>¡. S>epf¡
rhr^ sp¡ q¾$ep_p¡ ¾$dbÙ kfhpmp¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> NuspÆ Ål¡f L$f¡ R>¡ L¡$ kpQu `|Ådp„
L$p¡B kp^_-kpdN°u_u L¡$ ¾$d_u AphíL$esp _\u. dy¿e hps R>¡ rQÑdp„ Bðf_¡
Dspfhp_u ùv$edp„ `fb°û_u ârsÜW$p L$fhp_u.
Ap`Z¡ kp¥ A¡ epv$ fpMhy„ OV¡$ L¡$ Ap`Z¡ L$p¡B ifuf_u L¡$ ApL$pf_u `|Å L$fsp
_\u. `|Å D`pk_p„ L¡$ rQ„s_ l„d¡ip r_fpL$pf_y„ S> \pe R>¡. ApL$pf, d|rs® L¡$ ifuf
sp¡ dpÝed R>¡. Apg„b_ R>¡ `Z sÐh sp¡ r_fpL$pf S> R>¡ s¡ r_rh®hpv$ R>¡. dpfy„
AÞ_e cph¡ \e¡gy„ tQs_, D`pk_p L¡$ cqL$s S> A_pqv$ A_„s am A`ph_pf R>¡.
õhe„ cNhp_ `p¡sp_¡ dyM¡ S> S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ dyS> `fd¡ðf_y„ `|S>_ Ars kfm A_¡
kygc R>¡. ifs dpÓ A¡V$gu S> R>¡ L¡$ îÙphp_ \B_¡ iyÙ byqÙ A_¡ r_óL$pd â¡d\u
dpfy„ `yS>_ L$fhy„. lz„ kh® âL$pf_u â¡d cqL$s õhuL$pfy„ Ry>„. cNhp_ sp¡ cph L¡$
cph_p_p S> c|¿ep R>¡.
cL$s_p v$f¡L$ L$pe®dp„ âÐe¡L$ kd`®Zdp„ cph_p_u r_óL$pd â¡d_p klurkL$p_y„
S> d|ëe R>¡. â¡dcph_p\u A_¡ hpk_pdyL$s fus¡ \e¡gy„ kv$pL$pm dpV¡$ kyhZ® Anf¡
A„rL$s \pe R>¡.
cNhp_ Ål¡f L$f¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ d_¡ õhê$`\u ÅZsp _\u s¡hp d|Y$ Aop_u_¡
s¡d_u Apkyfu âL©$rs A_¡ dp¡l_¡ gu^¡ b°ûp_ych \sp¡ _\u `Z s¡ _fL$_u
epsp_p cp¡Nh¡ R>¡. S>¡Ap¡ v¡$l_¡ S> ApÐdp dp_¡ R>¡. v¡$l_u S> `yrô$ cp¡N L¡$ kyM
dpV¡$ A_¥rsL$ L$d® L¡$ tlkp ApQf¡ R>¡, A^d£ `Z ifuf kyM d¡mh¡ R>¡. s¡ sp¡
fpnkp¡_p¡ S> k„âv$pe R>¡. kv¹$Nrs_¡ L$v$u _l] s¡d_u kh® Apip, kh® L$d® s\p kh®
op_, r_f\®L$ A_¡ r_óam Åe R>¡.
r_óam R>¡ Apip S>¡d_u s¡Ap¡ dp¡Opip L$l¡hpe R>¡. Bðf L¡$ `fb°û rkhpe
AÞe\u kyM_u Apip k¡h_pfp Apgp¡L$ A_¡ `fgp¡L$dp„ kyM_u A`¡np fpM_pfp
crhóedp„ kyM dmi¡ A¡hy„ dp__pfp kp¥ L$pB dp¡Opip L$l¡hpe R>¡. hpõshdp„ sp¡ S>¡_¡
ApÐdop_dp„ r_›$p R>¡ cNhp_dp„ îÙp R>¡ s¡ sp¡ Apip\u dyL$s \B_¡ S> `p¡sp_u
""õh''-õhê$`_u `|Z®sp A_ych¡ R>¡.

104
cS>_ L$fhy„ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? cS>_ \pe L$p¡_y„ ? tQs_ d__ \pe i¡_y„ ? iy„
S>¡ Aop_ R>¡ s¡_y„ ? _p Aop_ rhje_y„ sp¡ _ Ýep_ \pe, _ cS>_ \pe, b°û
tQs_ A¡ S> cS>_.
s¡hp cS>_ dpV¡$ s¡_y„ op_ AphíeL$ R>¡ `Z op_ \pe L$B fus¡ ? b°û_y„
Å¡ tQs_ê$`u cS>_ _ \pe sp¡ op_ _ \pe. Apd cS>_ rh_p op_ _\u, op_
rh_p cS>_ _\u, A_Þe d_\u cS>_ A¡V$g¡ S> AM„X$pL$pfh©rs Üpfp, s¥g^pfhs¹
\e¡gy„ b°ûtQs_. A¡hp rQ„s_\u S> b°û_¡ `p¡sp\u Ac¡v$ê$`¡ ÅZu iL$pe R>¡.
A_Þe cph¡ \e¡gu cqL$s L¡$ Ac¡v$ op_ b„_¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡.
cNhp__¡ sÐh\u ÅZhp dpV¡$_y„ h°s`pg_ L$f¡ R>¡. s¡ v$Y$h°su® R>¡. s¡Ap¡_p„
Æh__y„ A¡L$ S> k|Ó R>¡ L¡$ JO\u d©Ðey ky^u_p¡ kde dpÓ h¡v$pÞs tQs_dp„ S>
husphhp¡..... Aphp hpf„hpf cNhp__¡ _d_ L$f_pf R>¡. _d_ A¡V$g¡ ifuf TyL$phhy„
s¡ _rl, `f„sy "_-d_' c¡v$cphhpmy„ d_ S>ep„ _\u s¡ s¡hp d__¡ _ô$ L$fu_¡ A-
d_p [õ\rs Üpfp hpf„hpf dpfp õhê$`_y„ tQs_ L$f¡ R>¡, s¡ lL$uL$sdp„ _d_ L$f¡ R>¡.
S>¡_pdp hpk_p cf¡gy„ d_ _\u s¡ S> sÐhp\£ Ad_\u \e¡gy„ _d_ R>¡. s¡ S> kpQu
ifZpNrs R>¡. ""cL¹$Ðep dpd¹ D`pks¡'' AÓ¡ cL$s \B_¡ A¡V$g¡ rhcL$s \ep
rh_p, cNhp_ kp\¡ c¡v$cph fp¿ep rh_p S>¡ D`pk_p L¡$ cqL$s L$f¡ s¡ kpQp¡ cL$s
R>¡. s¡_¡ L$v$u A¡hu tQsp _\u L¡$ cNhp_ R>¡ L¡$ _tl. s¡_u A„v$f rbfpS>dp_
A„sfpÐdp S> cNhp_ R>¡.
""`Ó„ `yóe„ ag„ sp¡ed¹'' cNhp_ sp¡ A¡V$gu kùv$esp\u S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ dpfy„
kS>®_ R>¡ s¡dp„\u S> sd¡ d_¡ S>¡ L„$B Ap`ip¡ s¡ `Z lz„ klj® õhuL$pfhp s¥epf Ry>„.
dpÓ sdpfp¡ cph s¡dp„ Å¡X$u v¡$Å¡. s¡ S>m, `Ó, `yó` L¡$ am Nd¡ s¡_p Üpfp A`®Z
L$fpe. Al„L$pf_u N„^ kp\¡_u kdN° k©rô$_u k„`rs `Z cNhp_ BÞL$pfu iL¡$ R>¡.
A_¡ `°¡dcph\u kdr`®s L$f¡gu awg_u b¡ `p„MX$u `Z cNhp_ A„NuL$pf L$f¡ R>¡, S>¡d
kqfsp `p¡sp_p _pd A_¡ ApL$pf_y„ kd`®Z L$fu_¡, õhe„ kpNf b_¡ R>¡ s¡d kp¥
dydyny_¡ k„v¡$i R>¡ L¡$ L$sp®cph, cp¡L$spcph, L$d®am_u ApkqL$s kh® L$p„B kd`®Z
L$fp¡. S>¡ L$d®\u dyL$s S> R>¡ s¡_¡ am _\u. am _\u sp¡ crhóe L¡$ `y_:S>Þd _\u
A„s¡ d_¡ S> `pdi¡. S>¡ d_¡ cS>¡ R>¡ s¡d_¡ S> lz„ s¡d_u A„v$f v¡$MpD Ry>„.
ApÐdp kh®ìepá S> R>¡. Ly$V$õ\ R>¡, v$p¡jhrS>®s R>¡, b°ûsp¡ kh®dp„ kh®v$p kdp_
S> fl¡ R>¡. L$p¡B kv¹$Nyfy_u L©$`p\u k„`Þ_ R>¡, õhe„ `yfyjp\® L$f_pfp¡ R>¡. iyÙ
105
rQÑhpmp¡ R>¡, s¡_u âÐe¡ S> ApÐdp õhe„ `p¡sp_¡ âNV$ L$f¡ R>¡. Apd dyqL$s L¡$ dp¡n
dpV¡$ `yfyjâeÐ_ S> L$pfZ R>¡. s¡\u S> ""DÖf¡s ApÐdp-_pÐdp_d¹ ApÐdp hX¡$
ApÐdp_p¡ DÙpf L$fp¡ A\p®s¹ õhe„_p rhh¡L$u d_ hX¡$ S> õhe„_p Arhh¡L$u d__p¡
DÙpf L$fp¡.
dyqL$s L¡$ dp¡n `yfyjp^u_ R>¡ `fdpÐdp_¡ Ap^u_ _\u. cNhp_¡ L$ley„ L¡$
b°ûrhÛp L¡$ ApÐdop_ S>Ns_u kh® rhÛpAp¡dp„ dp¡Mf¡ R>¡. kh® op_p¡_y„ op_ R>¡.
ApÐdp Üpfp kh£ ÅZu iL$pe R>¡. s¡ B[ÞÖe L¡$ d_-byqÙ_p¡ rhje \sp¡ _\u S>¡d
âL$pi S>Zpsp¡ _\u `f„ys õhe„ A×íe flu_¡ s¡ S>¡_p `f `X¡$ R>¡. s¡ hõsy, `v$p\®,
L¡$ ìeqL$s_¡ âL$pris L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ kp¥_¡ S>Zph_pf, kp¡_u Mbf A_¡ `fM
v¡$_pf ApÐdp õhe„ Ap„M¡ v¡$Mpsp¡ _\u, s¡ N©le R>¡. Ars N©le R>sp„ kh®ìepá
S>NÅl¡f ApÐdrhÛp_¡ ""fpS>N©le'' A¡hy„ L$ley„ R>¡ Ap ApÐdrhÛp A_r^L©$s
ìeqL$s\u `p¡sp_¡ Nyá fpM¡ R>¡. A_¡ Ar^L$pfu S>Zpsp `p¡s¡ õhe„ `p¡sp_¡ âNV$ L$f¡
R>¡.
S>¡ L$p¡B A_Þecph¡ b°ûtQs_\u b°û_p„ cS>_dp„ sÐ`f, sëgu_ fl¡ R>¡ s¡
A„s¡ b°ûo \B_¡, b°û_¡ ÅZu_¡ õhe„ b°ûuc|s \pe R>¡. Apd S>¡ `p¡sp_¡ õhe„
kpnps `fb°û sfuL¡$ A_ych¡ R>¡. s¡ ifuf_u Apr^, ìepr^ A_¡ D`pr^\u kp^_¡
dpV¡$ dyL$s \pe R>¡. cNhp_¡ Op¡jZp L$fu_¡ kdN° d_yóe Års_¡ A¡gp_ L$fu_¡ L$üy„
L¡$ kp¥A¡ õdfZ fpMhy„ L¡$ dpfp cL$s_p¡ L$v$u rh_pi \sp¡ _\u. v$f¡L$ d_yóe Ap
kdS>¡, A¡_y„ õdfZ L$f¡ A_¡ cyëep cV$L¡$gp_¡ Aphp¡ Adf k„v¡$i `lp¢QpX¡$ L¡$
rhcL$s \hpdp„ S> rh_pi R>¡.
cL$s \hpdp„ S> Adfsp R>¡. l¡ `pdf Æh sy„ Ap d_yóe gp¡L$_¡ `pdu_¡ ""dpd¹
cS>õh'' d_¡ S> cS> Ap d_yóe S>Þd sp¡ Nc®\u õdip_ A_¡ õdip_\u Nc®_p
Np¡V$pm¡ QY$ph_pfy„ rhjeQ¾$ R>¡. vy$:M_u ep¡_u õhê$` S> R>¡. dpV¡$ rhg„b _ L$fsp,
âdpv$ R>p¡X$u_¡ sy„ d_¡ A_Þecph¡ cÆ_¡ d©Ðeyê$`u k„kpfkpNf\u su Å A_¡ dyL$s
\p. Al„ õh®õh âchp¡ ch: kh® âhs®s¡,
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 9 fpS>rhÛp fpS>N©le ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&
106
AÝepe : 10 rhc|rs ep¡N
AÓ¡ cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ kh®_u DÐ`rÑ, [õ\rs s\p ge_y„ L$pfZ lz„ S>
Ry>„. Ap ApMu vk©rô$_u Bðf_u S> fQ_p„ R>¡. dp_hu Mf¡Mf L$p„B S> kS>®_ L$fu
iL¡$ _rl. Ap k„`|Z® S>Ns b°û S> R>¡. Apd `fdpÐdp_¡ kh®ìepá ÅZu_¡ S>¡
byqÙdp_ d_yóe kh®Ó Bðfv$i®_ cph\u eyL$s \B_¡ cS>¡ R>¡. A\p®s¹ dpfy„ S>
BrÞÖep¡ Üpfp v$i®_-îhZ s\p d_ hX¡$ d__ A_¡ rQÑ Üpfp tQs_ L$f¡ R>¡. s¡
S> `fdpÐdpde Æh_ Æh¡ R>¡. Aop_frls rQÑ A¡ S> Q¥sÞe R>¡. dpV¡$ S> L$l¡hpe
R>¡ L¡$ `fdpÐdp `p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp_u Ås¡ S> ìeL$s \pe R>¡. (op_u) s¡ âÐe¡ ApÐdp
`p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp_p õhê$`_¡ ìeL$s L$f¡ R>¡.'' kh®o, kh®ds, ip„s, `fdpÐdp b^p S>
âpZuAp¡_p„ ùv$edp„ [õ\s R>¡.
`fdpÐdp õhê$`_y„ hZ®_ L$fsp„ ASy>®_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ cNhp_, Ap` sp¡
""`fd¹'' A\p®s¹ v¡$iL$pm s\p hõsy_ u dep®v$p\u `f R>p¡. Ap` kh®ìepá,
B[ÞÖepsus, A¡hp `fb°û õhê$` R>p¡ Ap`_y„ ^pd `Z `fd A\p®s¹ d_ A_¡
byqÙ\u Aâd¡e R>¡. Ap` kp¥_y„ Ar^›$p_ lp¡hp\u `Z `fd^pdê$` R>p¡. Ap` hpey,
k|e®, Ar‚ hN¡f¡ kh£_¡ `rhÓ L$fhphpmp khp£Ñd `ph_L$pfu op_õhê$` R>p¡, v¡$hrj®
_pfv$, Arks, ìepk hN¡f¡ b^p S> F>qjAp¡ Ap`_¡ kp¥_p âL$piL$ sfuL¡$ ÅZ¡ R>¡.
Ap` L$p¡B_y„ L$pe® _\u L¡$ Ap`_y„ L$p¡B L$pfZ `Z _\u, s¡\u S> Ap` ""AS>Þd
AS>Þdp'' R>p¡. AS>Þdp lp¡hp\u Ap` rhL$pfp¡\u `f, S>Þdd©Ðey\u dyL$s Arh_piu
s¡d S> r_fpL$pf R>p¡. r_fpL$pf lp¡hp\u Ap` kh®ìepá ""rhc|d¹'' R>p¡. Ap` `qf`|Z®
R>p¡. Ap`_¡ b^p F>rjAp¡ s\p dyr_Ap¡ Ap âdpZ¡ r_Ny®Z, r_fpL$pf, s\p
kh®ìepá `fdpÐdp sfuL¡$ ÅZ¡ R>¡. kh® âpZuAp¡_p„ Bðf, Ar‚ hN¡f¡ v¡$hspAp¡_p„
`Z v¡$h R>p¡, S>¡_¡ gu^¡ ApMp S>Ns_u âh©rs Qpg¡ R>¡. A¡hp S>NÐ`rs - S>Ns_p
õhpdu Ap` sp¡ `yfyjp¡Ñd R>p¡. A¡hp l¡ `yfyjp¡Ñd Ap`¡ Ap`_u dpepiqL$s Üpfp
DÐ`Þ_ L$f¡gu Ap`_u rhc|rs_¡ s\p Ap`_p õhê$`_¡ Ap` S> õhe„ ÅZp¡ R>p¡,
Ap` S> kh®_p„ L$sp® s\p kh®o R>p¡.
ASy>®__u âp\®_p_p¡ õhuL$pf L$fsp cNhp_¡ S>Zpìey„ L¡$ dpfu qv$ìe rhc|rsAp¡dp„\u
S>¡ S>¡ dy¿e rhc|rsAp¡ R>¡ s¡ s¡ lz„s_¡ S>Zphui.
lz„ bpf Apqv$Ðep¡dp„ rhóÏ A\p®s¹ hpd_ Ahspf Ry>„. Ar‚, k|e®, hpey
_nÓp¡dp„ s¡Ap¡_p¡ Ar^`rs Q„Ödp lz„ S> Ry>„, lL$uL$sdp„ sp¡ b^u S> rhc|rsAp¡
107
`fdpÐdpê$` S> R>¡. Qpf¡ h¡v$p¡dp„ kpdh¡v$, BÞÖ, d_ op_irL$s, i„L$f, Ly$b¡f, `h®s,
lz„ S> Ry>„. ká F>rjAp¡dp„ c©NyF>rj, Ap¡dL$pf\u iê$ \sp¡ S>`eo lz„ S> Ry>„.
v¡$hrj®Ap¡dp„ _pfv$F>rj d_¡ ÅZ, h°S>, L$pd^¡_y„, L$pdv¡$h lz„ S> Ry>„, ^_y®^pfu
îufpdQ„Ö lz„ Ry>„, kh® _v$uAp¡dp„ N„NpÆ lz„ S> Ry>„, lz„ A¡L$ `fdpÐdp S> kyrô$_u
DÐ`rs, rõ\rs A_¡ k„lpf L$fhphpmp b°ûp, rhóÏ s\p rih k„op_¡ âpá \pJ
Ry>„, kdN° h¡v$-ip÷pqv$ rhÛpAp¡dp„ AÝepÐd rhÛp A\hp D`r_jv$ lz„ Ry>„, sÐhhpv$,
r_ó`nhpv$, AneL$pm, lz„ S> Ry>„ cNhp_ ASy>®__¡ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ dpfu rhc|rs A_„s
R>¡. s¡d R>sp„ dpÓ s¡_y„ hZ®_ kp„cmhp\u spfp¡ L$ep¡ l¡sy rkÙ \hp_p¡ R>¡ ! dpÓ
îhZ\u sp¡ rQÑiyqÙ L¡$ dp¡n, L$p„B `Z D`gå^ \i¡ _rl AÐepf ky^u hZ®h¡gu
rhc|rsAp¡ sp¡ dpfp¡ A¡L$ A„i (L$gp) `Z _\u.
`fdpÐdp_u kh®ìep`L$sp v$ip®hu_¡ dp_hÅs_¡ ky„v$f D`v¡$i A`pep¡ R>¡.
Mf¡Mf sp¡ dp_hu Ap hky„^fp_p¡ epÓu R>¡. Æh_ A¡ kp¥ dykpaf_u gp„bu ep Vy„$L$u
kaf R>¡. Ap kyrô$ A¡ kS>®_lpf_u L©$rs R>¡. S>Ns_u k„`|Z® kdyqÙ, ârkqÙ,
ârs›$p, rhc|rs s\p s¡_u â¿eprs hN¡f¡ kh® L$p„B Bðf_u S> R>¡. âpZudpÓ_p¡
kS>®L$ s¡ `fdpÐdp lp¡B_¡ dp_hu L$p¡B `Z âv$p\®_p¡ dprgL$ L¡$ L$p¡B `Z `v$p\®_p¡
kS>®L$ `Z _\u. R>sp„ `Z dprgL$u_p¡ cph L¡$ kS>®L$sp_p¡ cph S>¡ Å¡hp dm¡ R>¡
s¡ dpÓ c°dZp rkhpe buSy>„ L„$B _\u Mf¡Mf dp_hu_p S>Þd `l¡gp„ S> `fdpÐdpA¡
s¡_¡ AphL$pfhp dpV¡$ b^u S> ìehõ\p L$f¡gu lsu, kp¥ a¡akp„ gB S>Þd¡g dp_hu_p
Æh_ dpV¡$ Ar_hpe® Ap¡qL$kS>_ hpsphfZdp„ s¥epf lsp¡. v$p„sS>Þd kde¡ _ lp¡sp
s¡\u `p¡jZ dpV¡$ ep¡Áe S>ê$fu s¡dS> ky`pÃe Mp¡fpL$ v|$^ ê$`¡ dp_p õs_dp„ lpS>f
lsp¡, dp_hu cp¡L$sp \B_¡ S>Nsdp„ âh¡íep¡ s¡ `l¡gp„ S> s¡_p D`cp¡N dpV¡$ cp¡Áe
`v$p\p£ cNhp_¡ s¥epf L$ep®, s¡ D`fp„s cp¡Áe `v$p\p£_¡ cp¡Nhhp dpV¡$ B[ÞÖep¡_¡
cp¡L$sp b_phu, B[ÞÖep¡ kp\¡ d_yóe_¡ ^fsu `f dp¡L$ëep¡, S>¡d L¡$ kpL$pf L¡$ ê$`
cp¡Áe `v$p\® R>¡ s¡_¡ cp¡Nhhp, Ap„M, iåv$ cp¡N dpV¡$ L$p_, õ`ip®_yc|rs dpV¡$
ÐhQp, õhpv$ cp¡Nhhp, rS>l¹hp, s¡dS> cp¡Áe `v$p\® N„^ A_¡ s¡_p D`cp¡N L$fhp
dpV¡$_y„ kp^_ _pL$ hN¡f¡ `Z Apàep„.
Å¡ B[ÞÖep¡ cNhp_¡ Ap`u lp¡s `f„sy cp¡Áe `v$p\p£ S>Nsdp„ _ lp¡s sp¡
B[ÞÖep¡ _L$pdu \B Ås, Å¡ Ap„M Ap`u lp¡s `Z s¡_p¡ rhje f„N L¡ ê$` _ lp¡s
S>Nsdp„, sp¡ dp_hu R>su Ap„M¡ Ap„^mp¡ \B Ås, Vy„$L$dp„ dp_hu S>¡ L$B cp¡Nh¡
R>¡ s¡ dp_hkrS>®s _\u. `f„sy S>Þd `l¡gp S> b^y„ S> `fdpÐdpA¡ fQ¡gy„ lsy„, S>¡
108
L„$B A[õsÐhdp„ lsy„ s¡ S> dp_h¡ ip¡^u L$pY$ey„ R>¡ A_¡ L„$B S> _hy„ `¡v$p L$ey® _\u.
rhop_dp„ `Z A¡d S> L$ley„ R>¡ L¡$ ""AÏdpÓ_y„'' kS>®_ L¡$ rh_pi iL$e _\u. Ap
S>¡ L„$B h¥opr_L$ n¡Ó¡ L¡$ AÞe n¡Ó¡ âNrs S>Zpe s¡ dpÓ `qfhs®_ S> R>¡. Å¡
dp_huA¡ S>Nsdp„ L$p¡B `Z QuS>_y„ kS>®_ L$ey® _\u sp¡ `R>u L$sp®cph, dpqgL$u`Zp_p¡
cph L¡$ kS>®L$sp cph_y„ rdÕeprcdp_ ip dpV¡$ ?
A¡L$ Æh_ `e®s dykpafuA¡ _uL$m¡gu dp_hu `p¡sp_p ifuf_p¡ `Z dprgL$
_\u. sp¡ `R>u L$p¡B `Z QuS>hõsy L¡$ `v$p\®_u sp¡ hps S> L$ep„ ? dp_hu A¡d
dp_¡ R>¡ L¡$ ifuf dpfy R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡_¡ lô$`yô$ s\p s„vy$õs fpMhy„ Å¡BA¡. s¡_u `Ð_u
dp_¡ R>¡ L¡$ Ap ifuf D`f dpfp¡ Ar^L$pf R>¡. r`sp L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ ifuf_p¡ lz„ dprgL$
Ry>„ L$pfZ L¡$ d¢ s¡_¡ S>Þd Apàep¡ R>¡. `p¡óep¡ R>¡.
dp L$l¡ R>¡, L¡$ Nc®dp„ _h dpk ky^u d¢ kpQìep¡ R>¡, `uX$p kl_ L$fu S>Þd
Apàep¡ A_¡ DR>¡fu_¡ dp¡V$p¡ L$ep® R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡_p D`f dpfp¡ k„`|®Z Ar^L$pf R>¡. i¡W$
L$l¡ R>¡ lz„ `Npf Ap`y„ Ry>„ . dpV¡$ s¡_p D`f dpfp¡ lL$ R>¡. fpô²$_u ×rô$A¡ v¡$i_p¡
_pNqfL$ lp¡hp\u s¡ fpô²$_p¡ R>¡. `f„sy AÞ_ L$l¡ R>¡ Mbfv$pf `p¡sp_p Ar^L$pf_p¡
v$php¡ L$f_pfp kp¥ ApOp Mkp¡. Å¡ d¢ Ap ifuf_y„ `p¡jZ _ L$eȳ lp¡s sp¡ s¡
ArõsÐhdp„S> _ lp¡s, Ap\u Ap ifuf sp¡ dpfy„ S> R>¡. Ap b^y„ kp„cm_pf kv$p_p
kp\u ifufdp„ fl¡_pf S>„syAp¡ `¡V$_p L$fdep, dp\p_u S|>„ Apqv$ L$l¡ R>¡. crhóe_u
hpsp¡ R>p¡X$p¡ Ad¡ S> s¡_p¡ D`ep¡N L$fuA¡ R>uA¡ dpV¡$ ifufsp¡ Adpfy„ S> R>¡. S>epf¡
L$pm L$p¡rmep¡ L$fu S>i¡ Ðepf¡ S>„Ngdp„ `X¡$gp EX$sp„ NuO rhQpf¡ R>¡ L¡$ Ap ifuf_p„
cp¡L$sp sp¡ Ad¡ S> lp¡Biy„. Ðepf¡ Ar‚ bp¡gu EW¡$ R>¡ L¡$ s¡_p¡ lz„ S> dprgL$ Ry>„ Ap
sp¡ rlÞvy$ R>¡. lz„ S> s¡_y„ cnZ L$fui. A„s¡ ^fsu dp¥_ dp„ lku_¡ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ cg¡
b^p bfpX$p¡, Ap d©sv¡$l dy[õgd L¡$ BkpB R>¡. `f„sy R>¡hV¡$ sp¡ s¡ dpfu `pk¡ S>
Aphi¡., dpV¡$ A¡ ifuf dpfy„ R>¡. Å¡ b^p S> Apd L$l¡i¡ sp¡ `R>u ifuf_u Mf¡Mf
rdgL$s R>¡ L$p¡_u ? d_yóe sp¡ S>Ns_u ^d®ipmpdp„ AQp_L$ Aphu `X¡$g dykpaf
R>¡. s¡_u kaf_u iê$Aps s¡_y„ rhfpdõ\p_ L¡$ A„rsd dyL$pd rhi¡ L$p¡B L$lu iL¡$ s¡d
_\u. sp¡ `R>u Æh_dp„ dpfy„ iy„ ? dprgL$u i¡_u ?
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 10 S> rhc|rs ep¡N kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&
109
AÝepe : 11 rhðê$` v$i®_ ep¡N
ASy>_
® cNhp__¡ _d° âp\®_p L$fsp„ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ ""l¡ ep¡N¡ðf Å¡ lz„ Ap`_y„
rhfpV$ê$` Å¡hp_¡ Ar^L$pfu lp¡J sp¡ Ap` d_¡ Ap`_y„ A¥ðe® k„`Þ_ s¡Å¡de ê$`
bsphhp_u L©$`p L$fp¡.'' L$fyZpr_^p_ `fdpÐdpA¡ `p\®_¡ L$üy„ L¡$ l¡ `p\® ! sy dpep
Üpfp DÐ`Þ_ A¡hp dpfp A_¡L$ hZ®, _pd ê$` s\p ApL$pfhpmp„ A_„s A`qfrQs
ê$`p¡_¡ Å¡. Apd L$lu_¡ `p¡sp_p qv$ìe ê$`_¡ cNhp_ âNV$ L$f¡ R>¡. ASy>®__u rS>opkp
sp¡ AÓ¡ klS> A_¡ õhcprhL$ R>¡. `f„sy s¡ dpV¡$_u `pÓsp_p¡ dp`v„$X$ s¡_¡ _\u. R>sp„
rióe, cL$s A_¡ rdÓ b_¡gp àepfp ASy>®_ D`f A`f„`pf L©$`p hfkphu_¡
cNhp__¡ `p¡sp_u ep¡NiqL$s Üpfp s¡_¡ qv$ìe Qny âv$p_ L$ep® A_¡ `p¡sp_p rhfpV$
õhê$`_y„ v$i®_ L$fpìe„y.
Agp¥qL$L$, Ars Av¹$c|s A_„s A¥ðe®_¡ Å¡B_¡ AhpL$ b_u Ne¡gp, Apòe®dp„
NfL$ph \e¡gp, fp¡dp„rQs \e¡gp, `fdp_„v$\u `qf`yZ® \e¡gp, ASy>®_¡ cNhp__u
A_„s L©$`p_u s\p `p¡sp_p cpÁe_u r_:iåv$ âi„kp L$fu, õsb^ \B_¡ dp¥_
^pfZ L$ey®, îÙp s\p cqL$s\u hpf„hpf kpóV$p„N âZpd L$fu_¡ â¡dpîy hlphsp¡ s¡
Nv¹$Nv¹$ \B_¡ lp\ Å¡X$u_¡ bp¡ëep¡
l¡ v¡$h ! Ap`_p ifufdp„ lz„ kh® v¡$hp¡_¡ s\p b°ldpÆ_¡, i„L$f_¡ îu hrk›$Æ,
îu _pfv$Æ hN¡f¡ F>rjAp¡_¡ Å¡D Ry>„. lz„ Ap`_¡ A_¡L$ lp\, A_¡L$ `¡V$, dyM A_¡
Ap„Mp¡\u eyL$s b^u bpSy>A¡\u A_„sê$`hpmp Å¡J Ry>„. l¡ k„`yZ® b°ûp„X$_p âL$piL$
! dyNV$$^pfu, Nv$pQ¾$^pfu, kh® qv$ipA¡\u Ar‚ s\p k|e®_u S>¡d Ap` âL$piu füp
R>p¡. `fd Arh_piu A¡hp Ap` S> ÅZhp ep¡Áe, DÑd\u `Z DÑd R>p¡. Ap
k_ps_, r_Ðe, Aìeh, Arh_piu R>p¡. õh:, c|sp¡_p õhpdu, c|sp¡_y„ `pg_
L$f_pfp R>p¡. Ap gp¡L$p¡_u dep®v$p_y„ fnZ L$f_pfp R>p¡. kh®_p v¡$ldp„ fl¡_pf ApÐdp
R>p¡. Apqv$ dÝe A_¡ A„s\u frls, rhL$pfp¡\u frls, A_„sê$`, Arsie op_eyL$s,
bg A¥ðe® A_¡ s¡S>\u `qf`yZ®, A_„s cyÅhpmp, Q„Ö A_¡ kye®ê$`u Ap„Mp¡ R>¡.
A¡hp kdN° rhð_¡ s`phsp Ap`_p s¡Å¡de ê$`_¡ lz„ Å¡B füp¡ Ry>„.
l¡ dlpÐd_ ! Ap`_p Üpfp Ap kdN° b°ûp„X$, gpMp¡ spfp _nÓp¡, A_¡L$ N°lp¡,
D`N°lp¡, r_lpqfL$p, ^ydL¡$syAp¡, r`s©gp¡L$, õhN®gp¡L$ hN¡f¡ kOmu qv$ipAp¡, S>„Ngp¡,
kpNfp¡, `h®sp¡, _v$uAp¡_p¡ OyOhpV$, `h__p kykhpV$p Apd A¡L$ sfa õ\m_p L¡$
110
v¡$i_p âQ„X$ rhõspf_¡ sp¡ buÆ bpSy> rhL$fpm L$pm_¡ lz„ Å¡D Ry>„. Aphy„ Ap`_y„
Av$¹c|s Agp¥qL$L$ ê$` ce„L$f S>Zpe R>¡.
l¡ `fdpÐdp ? Ap`_p Ap AÐe„s dlp_ OZp„ dyM, _¡Ó, lp\, `N,
Dv$fhpmy„, OZu rhL$fpm v$pY$p¡hpmy„ ,Ap`_y„ Ap rhipm ê$` Å¡B_¡ b^p gp¡L$p¡ s\p
lz„, cecus \B_¡ \B_¡ vy$:Mu \B füp R>uA¡. lh¡ ^ufS> s\p ip„rs flu _\u.
Ap dlpAv¹$c|s ×íe Å¡B_¡ lh¡ ASy>®__¡, Aphy„ ×íe bsph_pf `fdpÐdp_¡
ÅZhp_u BÃR>p \B. s¡Z¡ cNhp__¡ õhê$` S>Zphp_u âp\®_p L$fu. L©$`p L$fu_¡
Ap` d_¡ Ap`_y„ õhê$` s\p âhyrs S>Zphp¡.
`p¡sp_p¡ `qfQe Ap`sp cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ lz„ sp¡ c|rd `f_p cpfê$`
âpZuAp¡_p¡ _pi L$f_pfp¡, gp¡L$p¡_p¡ k„lpf L$fhp AÐepf¡ âhys \ep¡ Ry>„. lz„ S> kp¥_p¡
k„lpfL$ Ry>„. dpV¡$ k„L$p¡Q R>p¡X$u_¡ ce ÐeÆ_¡ L$s®ìe_u `|rs® dpV¡$ sy„ Dcp¡ \p, d¢
`l¡g¡\u S> Ap b^p_p„ s¡S> _¡ lZu r_õkpf L$fu_¡ dpfu S> _p„M¡gp R>¡. d¡„ dpf¡gp
Ap huf ep¡ÙpAp¡ Öp¡ZpQpe®, cuódr`spdl, S>eÖ\ s\p L$Z® hN¡f¡ kh®_¡ sy„ dpf.
NcfpBi _rl. X$f R>p¡X$u_¡ sy„ eyÙ L$f. sy„ iÓyAp¡_¡ S>ê$f Æsui, `qfZpd_u tQsp
`Z R>p¡X$u v¡$. l¡ ASy>®_ ! epv$ fpM Ap eyÙdp„ spf¡ sp¡ r_rds dpÓ S> \hp_y„
R>¡.
r_rdsdpÓ \hy„ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? S>Nsdp„ S>¡ L„$B \pe R>¡ s¡ dpÓ Bðf Üpfp S>
\pe R>¡. dp_hu `p¡s¡ õhs„Ó fus¡ L„$B S> L$fhp kd\® _\u. âÐe¡L$ L$pe® dpV¡$
`fdpÐdp S> dp_hu_¡ â¡fZp-âv$p_ L$fu_¡ S>¡s¡ L$pe®dp„ âh©s L$f¡ R>¡. Ap` L$p¡B_¡
L$p¡B Üpfp `fdpÐdp S> kh® L$pe® L$f¡ R>¡. l¡ ASy>®_ ! L$dp®Ýen, L$d®amv$psp Bðf_u
Ap Agp¥qL$L$ fQ_p R>¡. s¡_p¡ sy âkpv$ byqÙ Üpfp õhuL$pf L$f. spfp âpfå^_¡
Bðf_¡ Bðf_p¡ âkpv$ dp_u_¡ N°lZ L$f. sy„ `p¡s¡ `fdpÐdp_p lp\_y„ lr\epf R>¡.
s¡d ÅZu_¡ L$sp®cph R>p¡X$u_¡ dpÓ q_rds b_u eyÙ L$f. L$pe®_p¡ L$sp® sp¡ Bðf
R>¡. Ap\u eyÙ_p¡ cpf `Z Bðf _¡ dp\¡ S> R>¡.
Al] ASy>®__¡ k„bp¡^u_¡ cNhp_ dp_h Ås_¡ L$sp®cphê$` Al„L$pf_p ÐepN_p¡
D`v¡$i Ap`¡ R>¡. L$d® amv$pspA¡ âÐe¡L$ ÆhpÐdp_p¡ L$pe®¾$d s¡_p L$d® âdpZ¡ s¥epf
fpM¡gp¡ S> R>¡. s¡ âdpZ¡ dp_hu_u BÃR>p lp¡e L¡$ Ar_ÃR>p, s¡Z¡ s¡_p¡ õhuL$pf
L$fhp¡ S> füp¡, `p¡sp_p L$d® am âdpZ¡ cNhp__¡ S>¡s¡ S>¡_¡ S>¡ S>¡ `pÓ cS>hhp
111
Apàey„ lp¡e s¡ s¡ `pÓ hapv$pfu `|h®L$ `pg_ L$fhy„ s¡ S> ep¡Áe R>¡. s¡ `pÓ dp L¡$
bp`, `yÓ L¡$ `yÓu, `rs L¡$ `Ð_u, i¡W$ L¡$ _p¡L$f, rinL$ L¡$ rhÛp\}, Nyê$ L¡$ rióe,
rdÓ L¡$ iÓy, L¡$ `R>u Nd¡ s¡ lp¡e ìeqL$sA¡ sp¡ Al„L$pf_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡ dpÓ r_rdÑ
b_u s¡_¡ cS>hhp_y„ S> R>¡. L$sp®-cp¡L$sp cph ÐeÆ_¡ r_rds cph¡ L$f¡gy„L$pe®
b„^_ê$` b_sy„ _\u.
lj® s\p ce rdîus cph kp\¡ A`fp^p¡_u ndp dp„Áep bpv$ cNhp__p
Qsy®cyS> ê$`_p v$i®_ dpV¡$ âp\®_p L$f¡ R>¡. cNhp_¡ L$üy„ L¡$ l¡ ASy>®_ ! spfy kv¹$cpÁe
R>¡ L¡$ d¡„ âkÞ_ \B_¡ dpfu ep¡N iqL$s_p âcphipmu dpfy s¡Å¡de, S>Ns_p
L$pfZê$`, Adep®qv$s, A_„s `fd rhfpV$ê$` s_¡ bspìey„ R>¡. Aphy„ dpfy„ khp£ÐL©$ô$
ê$` spfp rkhpe AÞe L$p¡BA¡ Ap `l¡gp„ Å¡ey„ _\u. s¡ spfp rQs_u ìepLy$msp_¡
sy„ lh¡ ÐeÆ v¡$ A_¡ âkÞ_ rQÑhpmp¡ \B_¡ dpfp Qsy®c|S> ê$`_¡ sy„ Å¡.
cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ ìeqL$s r_:õhp\® cph¡ `p¡sp_p„ sdpd L$dp£ dpfp dpV¡$
A\p®s¹ Bðf `Z byqÙ Üpfp L$f¡ R>¡. A¡V$g¡ L¡$ S>¡ dÐL$d®L©$s R>¡. S>¡ dÐ`fd R>¡
S>¡_p Æh__y„ gÿe lz„ Ry>„. S>¡ d_¡ d¡mhhp dpV¡$ L$d® L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ L$d®am ê$`¡ d_¡
d¡mhhp dpN¡ R>¡ s¡ dÐ`fd R>¡ s¡hp `yfyj dpV¡$ lz„ S> fnL$ Ry>„. Apîeõ\p_ Ry>„.
âpáìe Ry>„. s¡dS> Æh__p¡ Ap^pf Ry>„. dpfp õhê$`dp„ Aphu iyÙ cqL$s S>¡_u R>¡.
s¡ dpfp õhê$`_¡ `pd¡ R>¡. Ap b^y„ lz„ S> Ry>„. A¡ âdpZ¡ kh®Ó `p¡sp_p
ApÐdõhê$`_p¡, `p¡sp_p b°ûõhê$`_p¡ kpnpÐL$pf L$fhp¡ iL$e b_¡ R>¡. îyrs `Z
S>Zph¡ R>¡ (A¡L$ r_›$, r_ê$rsie) L¡$ â¡d-cqL$s hNf L$epf¡e `Z b°ûop_ iL$e
_\u.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe - 11 rhðê$` v$i®_ ep¡N
kdpá
&& îu L©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

112
AÝepe : 12 c[¼s ep¡N
AÝepe bpf_u iê$Aps kNyZ c[¼s A_¡ r_Ny®Z op_dp„\u DÑd iy„ R>¡ s¡
âñ\u \pe R>¡. Ap AÝeepdp„ Mygpip¡ L$fhpdp„ Apìep¡ R>¡ L¡$ op_ A_¡ c[¼s
sÐhp\£ `©\L$ L¡$ õhs„Ó _\u A„s¡ sp¡ b„_¡ A¡L$ S> R>¡. Å¡ sÐhp\£ kdÅe sp¡
c[¼s A_¡ op_ A¡ A¡L$ S> r_kfZu_p„ b¡ `Nr\ep„ R>¡. kpL$pf A_¡ kNyZ_u
r_kfZu sp¡ A„s¡ r_fpL$pf_p„ âh¡i dpV¡$ Ap`hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. `Z N„sìe õ\p_
cygu_¡ Å¡ L$p¡B r_kfZu_u S> `yÅ Apfp^_p„ L¡$ kp^_p„ iê$ L$f¡ sp¡ buQpfu_p¡
r_kfZu_p¡ ip¡ hp„L$ ? â\d c¡v$cph¡ cS>sp„ iuMhu _¡ A„s¡ Ac¡v$ sÐhdp„ âh¡i
L$fphhp_y„ S> spÐ`e® R>¡.
S>¡d _p_p„ _p_p„ cygpL$pAp¡_¡ s¡d_u A`qf`¼h byqÙ_p„ gu^¡ ""L$'' L¡$ ""A''
S>¡hp d|mpnfp¡_p„ kp„L¡$rsL$ A\p£ ku^p iuMhpX$hpdp„ Aphsp _\u, `f„sy ""L$''_¡
L$dm_p„ rQÓ kp\¡ Arck„r^s L$fu L$ÞX$uiÞX$ L$fu_¡ kplQe®_u dv$v$\u iuMhhpdp„
Aph¡ R>¡. iê$Apsdp„ L$dm_p„ kpL$pf rQÓ_p„ klpf¡ bpgL$ ""L$'' ANf A¡`g
(kafS>_)_p„ Ap^pf¡ ""A'' iuMu g¡ R>¡. Ðepf `R>u s¡_u byqÙ `qf`¼h \sp„ s¡_¡
""L$'' ANf ""A''_p¡ D`ep¡N L$fhp L$dm L¡$ A¡`g_u S>ê$f `X$su _\u. kh®
ApL$pfp¡ õhe„ Ås¡ S> Mfu `X¡$ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ ApÐdop__¡ `„\¡ dydyny_u epÓpdp„
L¡$ kp^L$_u kÐe sfa_u kafdp„ Äepf¡ s¡_¡ `p¡sp_p ifuf_y„ Arcdp_ lp¡e R>¡. lz„
ifuf Ry>„ s¡hu v¡$lpÐdbyqÙ\u s¡_y„ op_ Arck„r^s \e¡gy„ lp¡e R>¡. s¡_u byqÙ
bpmL$_u S>¡d A`qf`¼h lp¡e R>¡. Ðepf¡ s¡hp s¡d_u byqÙ [õ\f L$fhp dpV¡$ L$p¡B_¡
L$p¡B ìe¼s, ×íe L¡$ d|s®, kpL$pf d|rs® S>¡hu hõsy_u Ap^pf_u L¡$. Ahg„b__u S>ê$f
S>Zpe R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡_¡ kpL$pf_u, kNyZ_u, ×íe_u ìe¼s L¡$ d|rs®_u D`pk_p„ â\d
iuMhhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. s¡hp S> l¡sy\u ASy>®__u v¡$lpÐdbyqÙ_¡ Ýep_dp„ gB_¡ s¡_p„
âñ_p„ A_yk„^p_dp„ kNyZ-kpL$pf D`pk_p_¡ Ars DÑd L$lu kpL$pfp¡`pk_p„ L$fhp
dpV¡$ s¡_¡ â¡fZp Ap`u, `R>u S>¡d S>¡d AÝepÐdn¡Ó¡ s¡_u byqÙ `qf`¼h \pe s¡d
s¡d sdpd kpL$pfê$`ud Ahg„b_p¡ d|rs® S>¡hp Ap^pfp¡ L¡$ ×íe S>¡hp âv$p\p£ Ap`p¡
Ap` Mfu `X$hp_p„ R>¡. Ðepf¡ S> ìe[¼s_p¡ r_Ny®Z, r_fpL$pf, Aìe¼s, A×íe,
Anf õhê$`, k[ÃQv$p_„v$ b°ûdp„ âh¡i i¼e b_¡ R>¡. epv$ fl¡ L¡$ kpÝe hõsy_u
âpràs dpV¡$ D`ep¡Ndp„ g¡hpe¡gy„ kp^_ cg¡ Nd¡ s¡V$gy„ ky„v$f L¡$ râe lp¡e `Z
kpÝe_u âpràs \sp s¡ kp^_ ìe\® b_u Åe R>¡.
113
S>¡d kpd¡ rL$_pf¡ `lp¢Ãep `R>u _p¥L$p _L$pdu \B Åe R>¡, ApÐdip÷ kdÄep
`R>u ip÷p¡ dpÓ L$pNm_p„ Y$Ngp„ A_¡ Anfp¡_p„ AfÎe ê$`¡ S> cpk¡ R>¡.
kNyZp¡`pk_p„ sp¡ r_Ny®Z-r_fpL$pf_y„ ^pby„ cfhp_p„ V¡$L$p R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡_p\u S>¡
Aìe¼s Anf `fdb°û_u âpràs \pe R>¡. s¡ sp¡ ìe[¼s A_¡ rhfpV$_y„ ìe[õV²$$ A_¡
kdrô_y„ t`X$ A_¡ b°ûp„X$_y„ A¡L$ AqÜsue Ar^›$p_ R>¡. S>¡ kh®_p¡ Ap^pf R>¡. s¡_¡
hmu V¡$L$p„ L¡$hp.
""d©Ðey k„kpf kpNfps¹'' lz„ c¼sp¡_¡ d©Ðeyê$`u k„kpfkpNf\u spfy„ Ry>„ L¡$
DÝ^pf L$fy„ Ry>„ s¡_p¡ A\® A¡ S> L¡$ op_ê$`. v$u`L$ Üpfp lz„ s¡d_y„ Aop_ê$`u AphfZ
v|$f L$fy>„ Ry>„. op_ A_¡ Aop_ `|Z® rhfp¡^u lp¡hp\u A¡L$ kde¡ A¡L$ õ\m¡ s¡Ap¡ A¡L$
kp\¡ A[õshÐh ^fphu _ iL¡$ dpV¡$ S> L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ ""_ rQfps'' rhg„b rh_p S>
DÙpf L$fy„ Ry>„. A\p®s¹ Aop_ v|$f \sp S> s¡Ap¡ op_õhê$` dyS> `fb°û_¡ iu^° `pd¡
R>¡. Apd S>¡_¡ âcy L©$`p\u byqÙ ep¡N dm¡ op_ê$`u v$u`L$ S>¡_p„ A„s:L$fZdp„ âNV¡$
s¡_¡ rhg„b rh_p S> ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf \pe R>¡, kNyZ_u D`pk_p„ dyS>dp„ d_ A_¡
byqÙ [õ\f L$fpu_¡ L$fhu. A¡ S> kfm A_¡ DÑd D`pe R>¡.
""dèe¡h d_ Ap^Ðkh'' d__¡ dy„S>dp„ [õ\f L$f `f„sy d_ r_fpL$pf A×íe R>¡.
s¡_¡ kNyZ kpL$pfdp„ L¡$hu fus¡ [õ\f L$fhy„ Å¡ cNhp_ ""k¡Ba X$u`p¡TuV$ hp¡ëV''$
lp¡e sp¡ A_¡ d_ kpL$pf kNyZ âv$p\® lp¡e sp¡ Mpsy„ Mp¡gphu_¡ d__¡ Ðep„ dyL$u
Aphue¡ d__¡ `L$X$hy„ r_e„ÓZdp„ fpMhy„ s¡ sp¡ hpey_¡ lp\dp„ fp¡L$hp S>¡hy„ vy$óL$f R>¡.
s¡_¡ cNhp_dp„ [õ\f L$B fus¡ L$fu iL$pe ? [õ\f L$fhp `|h£ sp¡ d_ R>¡ iy„ s¡S>
kdS>hy„ `X¡$. A„s:L$fZ_u k„L$ë` A_¡ rhL$ë` L$f_pfu h©rÑ S>¡ hpf„hpf k„ie `¡v$p
L$f¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ S> d_ L$l¡hpe R>¡. A„s:L$fZ_u r_òe L$f_pfu h©rÑ_¡ byqÙ L$l¡ R>¡.
`fdsÐh_y„ A_yk„^p_ L$f_pfu h©rÑ_¡ rQÑ L$l¡ R>¡, A_¡ lz„ L$sp® L¡$ cp¡¼sp Ry>„ s¡hu
A„s:L$fZ_u h©rÑ_¡ Al„L$pf L$l¡ R>¡. d_ kp¥_¡ R>¡ R>sp„ L$ep„ R>¡ s¡ L$p¡B ÅZsy„ _\u
s¡ Aìe¼s, A×íe, r_fpL$pf R>¡. R>sp„ cNhp_¡ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ dyS>dp„ d__¡ [õ\f L$f
sp¡ s¡ r_õhp\®L$ kyQ_ sp¡ _l] S> lp¡e Å¡ d_ `v$p\®_u Apk[¼sdp„\u Ry>V$u iL¡$
sp¡ S> `fdpÐdpdp„ Apk¼s \B iL¡$ L$p„ sp¡ S>NÞ_p\_¡ ÅZp¡ A\hp S>Ns_¡ dpZp¡
b„_¡ A¡L$ kp\¡ lp¡B _ iL¡$.
DÑd fõsp¡ A¡ R>¡ L¡$ d__u k„L$ë`-rhL$ë`ÐdL$ h©rÑ_p¡ rhje l„d¡ip `fdpÐdp_¡
S> b_phhp¡ `v$p\®_¡ _l] Å¡ d__u h©rÑ_p¡ rhje `fdpÐdpS> li¡ d_\u `fdpÐdp
114
rhi¡_p„ S> k„L$ë` rhL$ë`p¡ \ep L$fi¡, sp¡ d_ A„s¡ s¡dp„ S> W$fu_¡ W$pd \B S>i¡.
A_¡ `v$p\p£ ârs epÓp _l] L$f¡, d_\u k„L$ë` L$fp¡ L¡$ `fdpÐdp S> S>Ns_y„
ArcÞ_r_rdÑp¡¡ `pv$p_ L$pfZ R>¡, lh¡ k„L$ë` L$fp¡ L¡$ lz„ `fdpÐdp_y„ L$pe® Ry>„ A_¡
L$pe® L$pfZ Å¡ A¡L$ R>¡, sp¡ c¡v$ ip dpV¡$ ×íe R>¡ ? Å¡ c¡v$ ×íe R>¡ sp¡ iy„
hpõsrhL$ R>¡ ? lh¡ k„ie L$fp¡ L¡$ Å¡ c¡v$ hpõsrhL$ R>¡ sp¡ ce kv$pL$pm R>¡ A_¡
A¡ cer_h©rÑ i¼e S> _\u sp¡ c[¼s ip L$pd_u ? `fdpÐdp L¡$ Bðf k„b„^¡ Aphp
k„iep¡ L¡$ k„L$ë` \i¡ sp¡ S> d_ s¡dp„ r_Ðe `fp¡hpe¡gy„ fl¡i¡. `fdpÐdp_p„ S>
õhê$`_¡ s¡_u rhc|rs_p¡, s¡_p drldp_p¡ d_\u r_Ðe rhQpf L$fip¡ sp¡ `Z âcydp„
d_ [õ\f \B iL$i¡ `fdpÐdpdp„ S>¡ d_ [õ\f \ey„ s¡ S> `v$p\p£dp„\u Ap`p¡Ap`
D`fpd \B Ney„ kdS>hy„. cNhp_ d__¡ `p¡sp_pdp„ [õ\f L$fhp_y„ L$l¡ R>¡. A_¡
Ap`Z¡ d__¡ `v$p\p£dp„ [õ\f L$fu_¡ ifuf_¡ âcy cS>_dp„ [õ\f fpMue¡ R>uA¡. Aphp¡
c¼s cNhp__¡ _ sp¡ râe R>¡ _ sp¡ `rhÓ R>¡. cNhp_ `pk¡ d„Npe dpÓ c¼s
A_¡ cNhp__y„ A¥¼e, A¡ rkhpe_u L$p¡B g¡hv$-v¡$hX$ cNhp_ A_¡ c¼s hÃQ¡ L$p¡B
lp¡B iL¡$ S> _l].
""dre byqÙd r_h¡ie'' byqÙ_¡ dpfpdp„ `fp¡hu v¡$ [õ\f L$f A¡V$g¡ L¡$
ApÐdop__u r_òepÐdL$ v$ipdp„ byqÙ [õ\f L$f S>¡ L„$B R>¡ s¡ `fdpÐdp„\u
ApÃR>pqv$s R>¡ kh® L$p„B b°ûde R>¡ s¡_p„ õdfZtQs_ A_¡ r_qv$Ýep_dp„ S> d__¡
k„gÁ_ L$fhy„ s¡hp¡ r_òe L$fhp¡ `fdpÐdp„\u AÞe_y„, v$i®_, îhZ L¡$ tQs_ hrS>®s
A¡hp r_òe L$fhp¡ ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf S> Æh__y„ A„rsd gÿe R>¡. cNhv¹$Nusp
Ar^L$pf c¡v¡$ A`pe¡gp¡ D`v¡$i R>¡. S>¡ DÑd Ar^L$pfu R>¡ v¡$lpi[¼s\u dy¼s R>¡.
rQÑiyqÙ_¡ âpàs R>¡, s¡_p„ dpV¡$ r_Ny®Z r_fpL$pf Aìe¼s Anf_u op_ ê$`u
D`pk_p_p¡ D`v¡$i Apàep¡ S>¡_¡ v¡$lpÐdbyqÙ R>¡. A„sL$fZiyqÙ_u S>ê$f R>¡ s¡_¡ kNyZ
kpL$pf_u D`pk_p_p¡ Ar^L$pfu kdÆ_¡ s¡hp¡ D`v¡$i A`pep¡ Å¡ l¡ ^_„S>e byqÙ
A_¡ d__¡ dyS>dp„ õ\p`u_¡ dpfu D`pk_p L$fhpdp„ Akd\® R>¡ sp¡ `Z tQsp _
L$fsp d_¡ âpàs L$fhp Aæepkep¡N Apv$fhp¡ s¡ S> spfy„ kp^_ R>¡. s¡dp„ S> spfp¡
Ar^L$pf R>¡, rQÑ_¡ rhðê$` `fd¡ðfê$$`u Ýe¡edp„ A¡L$pN° L$fhp_p„ âeÐ__¡ S>
Aæepkep¡N L$l¡hpe R>¡. Aæepkep¡N L$fhpdp„ kamsp _ dm¡ sp¡ ""dV$L$dp®hfdp¡
ch'' Å¡ kh® L$d® Bðf âÐe£ L$fui am_u A`¡np rh_p L$fui s¡_y„ rQsiyqÙê$`u
am `Z s_¡ dmi¡.

115
cNhp_¡ S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L¡$ b°ûrhv$ A¡ b°ûop_u R>¡. s¡ `p¡s¡ õhe„ `p¡sp_¡ â¡d
L$f¡ R>¡. d_ hpZu, ifuf A_¡ L$d®\u b°ûop_u sp¡ Av¥$ô$p S> R>¡. Apd op_u
kp¥_p¡ rdÓ R>¡ kp¥ âÐe¡ L$ê$Zphp_ R>¡. ""op_u L¡$ ep¡Nu kss k„syô$ R>¡''
âpfå^Ns S>¡ L$B Bô$ L¡$ Ar_ô$ dm¡ R>¡ s¡dp„ s¡ rhlhm \sp¡ _\u v$f¡L$ OV$_p
k„Å¡Np¡_¡ âcy_p¡ âkpv$ dp_u_¡ s¡ kv$¥h âkÞ_ fl¡ R>¡. ""k Q d¡ râe'' s¡ op_u
c¼s d_¡ râe R>¡ Al] op_p\£ kp„L¡$rsL$ D`v¡$i R>¡. kpQp¡ Nyê$ A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ rióe_p„
ùv$e_u hpk_p_p¡ ArÁ_ âS>hrgs L$fu_¡ s¡_p ifuf¡ h¥fpÁe_u cõd Qp¡mu s¡_¡
Ak„N A_¡ kv$p k„s©á b_ph¡ S>¡\u _ bQ¡ hpk_p cp¡N_u L¡$ _ fl¡ L$pd_p„
cp¡N_u ASy>®__¡ hpQpsus b_phhp `p¡sp_p S>¡hp¡ S> `pfkdZu `¡v$p L$fhp îuL©$óZ
cNhp_ d\u füp R>¡. dpfp rkhpe AÞe_u D`¡np _ fpM_pf `rhÓ Qsyf sV$ó\
fl¡_pf, vy$:Mp¡\u R|>V¡$gp¡ kh® Apf„cp¡_p¡ ÐepN L$f_pf S>¡ dpfp¡ c¼s R>¡ s¡ d_¡ r5°e
R>¡ kp¥dp„ ApÐd v$i®_ L$fu_¡ d_dp„ L$p¡B dpV¡$ s¡ fpN Ö¥j `¡v$p \hp v¡$sp¡ _\u kh®
kde¡ kh®dp„ ApÐdv$i®_ L$fu_¡ s¡ kdcph¡ S> fl¡ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ kdN° AÝepe Üpfp kNyZ A_¡ r_NyZ® b„_¡ D`pk_p„ kdÅhu R>¡
R>sp„ ""kpQp¡ c¼s \p''A¡ S> D`v¡$i R>¡ Ar^L$pf c¡v¡$ D`v¡$i Ap`u_¡ A„s¡ op_u
c¼s A_¡ b°ûrhv$_p„ gnZp¡ `Z S>Zpìep R>¡. cNhp_ A_¡ c¼s hÃQ¡ kp`¡n
k„b„^ _\u `Z r_f`¡n k„b„^ R>¡, d|mc|s k„b„^ R>¡, Ap k„b„^ L$v$u bv$gpsp¡
_\u cNhp_ sp¡ sdpd c¼sp¡ kp\¡ A¡L$ S> k„b„^¡ Å¡X$pe¡gp R>¡ S>¡d A¡L$ S> ìe[¼s
bpmL$p¡_u A`¡npA¡ bp` R>¡, `[Ð__u A`¡npA¡ `rs R>¡, r5sp_u A`¡npA¡ `yÓ R>¡,
_p¡L$f_u A`¡npA¡ i¡W$ R>¡ A¡d k„b„^ bv$gpsp s¡_y„ `pÓ, c|rdL$p L¡$ D`p^u bv$gpe
R>¡ dpV¡$ s¡hp kp¥ kp`¡n k„b„^p¡ R>¡ Äepf¡ c¼s A_¡ cNhp__p¡ k„b„^ r_f`¡n R>¡
kN`Z rh_p_p¡ A¡ k„b„^ R>¡ b„^ rh_p_p¡ kb„^ R>¡ `k„v$Nu frls Ap k„b„^ R>¡
S>¡_¡ cNhp_ ÅX¡$ _psp¡ sp¡X$hp¡ S> _\u k„b„^ NpY$ S> L$fhp¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ kdS>hy„ Å¡BA¡
L¡$ cNhp_ S>NsL$sp® R>¡ L$pfZ R>¡ A_¡ lz„ L$pe® Ry> s¡ fQresp R>¡ A_¡ lz„ s¡_u fQ_p
Ry>„ s¡ cNhp_ R>¡ A_¡ lz„ sp¡ Arhc¼s c¼s Ry>„.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-12 c[¼s ep¡N
kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

116
AÝepe : 13 n¡Ó n¡Óo rhcpNep¡N
""Bv$d ifufd L$p¥Þs¡e'' ifuf_¡ M¡sf_u D`dp Ap`u R>¡. M¡sfdp„ hph¡gp bu
A_yL|$m kde¡ am Ap`¡ R>¡. s¡hu S> fus¡ ifufê$`u M¡sfp¡dp„ `Z `yÎe A_¡
`p`L$d®ê$`u hph¡gp buS>_p„ kde A_ykpf Ahíe am dm¡ R>¡. s¡hp„ am cp¡Nh¡
R>¡ L$p¡Z ? S>¡ L$dp£_p buS> hph¡ R>¡ s¡ ifuf_p„ dpÝed\u s¡_¡ cp¡Nh¡ R>¡. ifuf
S>Þdu_¡ `p¡sp_u d¡m¡ S> ""ne'' `pdhp_p„ õhcphhpmy„ R>¡ ifuf_¡ AÓ¡ ""Bv$d
ifufd'' L$üy„ R>¡ S>¡_¡ S>¡_¡ Bv$d kh® _pd\u k„bp¡^u iL$pe R>¡. s¡ s¡ ifuf L¡$
n¡Ó L$l¡hpe R>¡ ifuf L¡$ v¡$l âÐen fus¡ o¡e lp¡e R>¡ ifuf õhe„ L$l¡sy„ _\u L¡$
ly„ ifuf Ry>„, kpL$pf Ry>„, `f„sy ifuf_p¡ opsp s¡hy„ L$l¡ R>¡. Apd S>¡_p¡ õhcph o¡e
A_¡ S>X$ lp¡e s¡ sdpd_¡ n¡Ó L$l¡hpe R>¡. ifuf A\p®s t`X$ A_¡ b°ûp„X$ kh® L$p¡B
o¡e lp¡e R>¡ Bv$d R>¡. S>X$ R>¡. s¡ ApÐdp `f Apfp¡` ê$`¡ Æh¡ R>¡. s¡\u s¡ ApÐdp
`f Apfp¡`ê$`¡ S> Æh¡ R>¡. s¡\u `Z n¡Ó L$l¡hp_¡ gpeL$ R>¡ n¡Ó_p„ ÅZ_pf_¡
sÐhh¡spAp¡ n¡Óo A¡d L$l¡ R>¡.
l¡ ASy>®_ lh¡ Aop__u t_Öpdp„\u ÅNu Å., rhh¡L$\u kdÆ g¡ L¡$ kh®
n¡Óp¡dp„ A¡V$g¡ L¡$ Sy>v$p Sy>v$p cpksp„ âÐe¡L$ ifufdp„ S>¡ S>¡ n¡Óo s_¡ Aop_\u Sy>v$p¡
cpk¡ R>¡ s¡ Sy>v$p¡ Sy>v$p¡ _\u `f„sy A¡L$ S> R>¡ A_¡ s¡ dpÓ A¡L$ AqÜsue âÐe¡L$
ìe[¼sNs n¡Ó L¡$ ifufdp„ op_ ê$`¡ S>¡ S>Zpe R>¡ s¡ S> AÞe _l] `Z lz„ S> Ry>„
n¡Ó n¡Óê$`¡ cpksp ÆhpÐdp„ s\p Bðfdp„ L$p¡B hpõsrhL$ c¡v$ _\u. Å¡ Bðf
L$pfZ R>¡ A_¡ Æh L¡$ S>Ns L$pe® R>¡. sp¡ sp¡ L$pe® A_¡ L$pfZ b„_¡ Ac¡v$ S> R>¡,
_pd-ê$` L¡$ D`pr^_p¡ c¡v$ sp¡ L$pë`r_L$ R>¡ dpV¡$ epv$ fpM cpfs hpõshdp„ lz„ S>
n¡Ó, n¡Óo A_¡ ÆhpÐdp Ry>„ n¡Ó A_¡ n¡Óo_p rhh¡L$ê$`u op_ s\p s¡ b„_¡ b°û
dpÓ S> R>¡ A¡hy„ Ac¡v$ op_ S> dy[¼s_y„ `fd L$pfZ R>¡. s¡_¡ S> d¢ ""op_'' sfuL¡$
dpÞe L$f¡gy„ R>¡. s¡_p\u S>¡ L$B AÞe R>¡ s¡ kh® k„kpf_u S> âpràs L$fph_pf R>¡,
ArhÛp R>¡ Aop_ õhê$` S> R>¡. n¡Ó A_¡ n¡Óo_y„ Ac¡v$op_ k„kpf_u ApÐe„rsL$
r_h©rÑ L$fph_pfy„ op_ R>¡ n¡Óo_y„ e\p\® op_ op__p„ kp^__¡ kdÄep rh_p \B
iL$i¡ _l]. s¡\u â\d `p„Q ïgp¡L$ Üpfp op_âpqá_p„ kp^_p¡ S>Zphhp_p„
kycpie\u op__p„ kp^__y„ r_ê$`Z L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
( 1 ) ""Adpr_Ðhd'' - dydyny L¡$ ÆopiyA¡ `p¡sp_p rhi¡ dp_ `|Äe cph¹
117
î¡›$sp_p cph\u dy¼s fl¡hy„ Å¡BA¡ ApÐdïgp^pdp„ akphy„ Å¡BA¡ _l].
( 2 ) ""Av$[çcÐhd'' - v„$c, X$p¡m L¡$ Mp¡V$p v¡$Mphp¡_p¡ Acph.
( 3 ) ""Atlkp'' - d_, hQ_ A_¡ L$d®\u âpZu dpÓ_¡ `uX$p _ `lp¢QpX$hu s¡
Arl„kp R>¡, AÞe_¡ `uX$p L$fhp_p„ rhQpfdp„ S> õhe„_¡ r`qX$s L$fhp_u
ep¡S>_p_p¡ kdph¡i \pe R>¡.
( 4 ) ""np[Þs'' - v$f¡L$ âL$pf_p„ vy$:Mp¡_¡ ârsq¾$ep L$ep® rh_p kl_ L$fhp `p¡sp
dpV¡$ A`fp^ L$f¡ s¡_¡ `Z kl_ L$fhp¡, v„$X$ _ v¡$hp¡ A_¡ s¡_p„ rlsp\£ S>
rhQpf L$fhp¡ s¡ S> kpQy„ ndpv$p_ A\hp ip[Þs R>¡.
( 5 ) ""ApS>®hd'' - S>¡_pd„ Ly$rV$gsp L¡$ v$ph`¡Q _\u S>¡_p„ hpZu hs®_ A_¡
rhQpfdp„ A¡L$ê$`sp S> R>¡ s¡ gnZ.
( 6 ) ""ApQp¡ep£`pk_d¹„'' - îv$^p c[¼s\u Nyfy k¡hp L$fhu Nyfy L$f¡ s¡d _lu,
`f„sy L$l¡ s¡d L$fhy„.
( 7 ) ""ip¥Qd'' - bpü A_¡ Ap„sqfL$ iyqv$^.
( 8 ) ""õ\¥e®d¹'' - îhZ d__ A_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_\u A„s:L$fZ_p¡ S>¡ [õ\f cph
iyÙ \pe R>¡.
( 9 ) ""ApÐdrhr_N°l'' - A„s:L$fZ_p¡ r_N°l L$fhp¡ rQÑ_u h©rÑAp¡_¡ B[ÞÖep¡_¡
A_¡ d__p„ rhjep¡ sfa S>sp fp¡L$hu rQÑ_¡ k„edu L$fhy„ A_¡ Q¥sÞe
`fb°ûdp„ õ\p`hy„ s¡S> ApÐd rhr_N°l R>¡.
( 1 0 ) ""B[ÞÖepO¡jy h¥fpÁed'' - S>¡ L$p¡B sdpd cp¡Np¡_¡ Apqv$ A_¡ A„s hpmp
ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡ Ar_Ðe `v$p\p£dp„ fdZ L$fsp¡ _\u s¡ S> h¥fpÁe R>¡.
( 1 1 ) ""A_l„L$pf'' - S>¡_¡ oprs, Ly$m, A¥ðe®, byqÙ, op_, Jdf, ê$`, kÑp,
r_›$p Apqv$_y„ Arcdp_ _\u L¡$ s¡dp„ Aldcph L¡$ ddcph _\u.
( 1 2 ) ""vy$:M v$p¡ip_y v$i®_e¹'' - k„kpfdp„ S>¡ S>Þd S>fp ìepr^ R>¡. s¡dp„ v$p¡j
A_¡ vy$:M_y„ v$i®_ L$fhy„ S>¡\u h¥fpÁe DÐ`Þ_ \pe.

118
( 1 3 ) ""Ak[¼s'' - fpNfrls`Ï„.
( 1 4 ) ""A_rcóh„N'' - ddÐh L¡$ ddsp\u râe L¡$ Bô$ hõsy_p„ kpr_Ýedp„ fl¡hy„
s¡ Arcóh„N R>¡. s¡_p¡ Acph s¡ S> A_rcóh„N R>¡.
( 1 5 ) ""kdrQÐhd'' - Bô$ L¡$ A_yLy$m L¡$ ârsLy$m hõsy, ìe[¼s L¡$ `qf[õ\rs_u
âpràs L¡$ Aâprádp„ d_ L¡$ rQÑ_u L$p¡B ârsq¾$ep _ L$fsp„ kdÐhcph¡
õhuL$pfhy„.
( 1 6 ) ""A_Þeep¡N¡_'' - `fdpÐdp rkhpe dpfp dpV¡$ AÞe L$p¡B `Z õhpdu
ifZ `fdNrs dpspr`sp L¡$ Apîe _\u A¡hu ×Y$ r_òe\u L$fhpdp„ Aph¡gu
cNhv$ c[¼s A¡ S> A_Þe c[¼s R>¡. b°û A¡ S> lz„ Ry>„ A_¡ lz„ S> b°û
Ry>„ dyS>\u AÞe L$p¡B R>¡ S> _rl A¡hp¡ r_òe A¡ S> A_Þe ep¡N R>¡.
( 1 7 ) ""AìercQpfuZu c[¼s'' - L¡$hm A¡L$ kh® i[¼sdp_ `fdpÐdp_¡ S>
õhe„_p õhpdu dp_u_¡ õhp\® A_¡ Arcdp_\u dy¼s \B îÙp A_¡ A_Þe
cph\u s¡_y„ S> q_f„sf tQs_ s¡ AìercQpqfZu c[¼s R>¡.
( 1 8 ) ""rhrh¼sv¡$i k¡rhÐhd'' - rhrh¼s A¡V$g¡ S>_ k„`L®$ frls i|Þe \hy„
d__p¡ A¡L$p„s hpk k¡hhp¡ A¡ S> rhrh¼s v¡$i R>¡. S>¡_p„ d_dp„ dp„N _\u
rhQpfdp„ hpk_p _\u s¡_¡ kh£ õ\m¡, kh® kde¡ A¡L$p„sv¡$i S> R>¡.
( 1 9 ) ""S>_ k„kqv$ Afrs'' - d_yóep¡_p„ kdyldp„ fl¡hp_u Aê$rQ s¡ S>_k„kqv$
Afrs R>¡. d_yóe dpÓdp„ ê$Qu lp¡hu kv¹$NyZ _\u `f„sy A¡hy„ L$l¡hpe R>¡ L¡$
âdpv$u, rhjepk¼s brl®dyMu A_¡ k„kpfdp„ S> fÃep `Ãep„ fl¡_pfp„ gp¡L$p¡_u
rhje cp¡N L¡$ nrZL$ kyM_u hpsp¡\u v|$f fl¡hy„.
( 2 0 ) ""AÝepÐdop_ r_ÐeÐhd'' - b°ûop_ L¡$ ApÐdop_dp„ r_dÁ_ fl¡hy„
NmpX|$b fl¡hy„ r_Ðe r_f„sf fdZ L$fhy.„
( 2 1 ) ""sÐhop_p\£ v$i®_d'' - dp¡n_y„ S> r_Ðe v$i®_ L$fhy„.
Ap A¡L$huk kp^_p¡ L¡$hm op__u L¡$ dp¡n_u BÃR>phpmp dpV¡$ R>¡. v$f¡L$
dydynyA¡ Ap kp^_p¡ k„`pv$_ L$fhp r_›$p`|h®L$ âeÐ_ L$fhp¡ Å¡BA¡. op__p„

119
kp^__¡ op_ õhê$` NZphu_¡ s¡ kp^__¡ âpàs L$fhp dpV¡$ âp¡Ðkpl_ A_¡ â¡fZp
`Z Apàep„.
cNhp_¡ `p¡sp_u hpZu Üpfp b¡ Ål¡fps L$fu L¡$ (1) Nusp dp¡n ip÷ R>¡
A_¡ (2) ApÐdop_ Üpfp S> Acep_yc|rs \B iL¡$ R>¡. ApÐdop_ Ðepf¡ S> \pe
R>¡. Äepf¡ opsp o¡e A_¡ op_ A¡hu rÓ`yV$u kdpàs \B Åe R>¡ Ac¡v$ ApÐd
op_dp„ ApÐdp_¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ AÞe_¡ _l], `Z õhe„ `p¡sp_p„ Üpfp `p¡sp_p ApÐdp_¡
ÅZ¡ R>¡ A\p®s o¡e `p¡s¡ R>¡ opsp `p¡s¡ `Z õhe„ Q¥s_e õhê$` ApÐdp R>¡ A_¡
op_ `Z `p¡s¡ S> R>¡, Aphu Ac¡v$p_yc|rs s¡ S> ApÐd kpnpÐL$pf R>¡ A`fp¡np_yc|rs
R>¡.
Aphp Ac¡v$ op_\u S> S>Zpe R>¡ lz„ sp¡ op_, opsp A_¡ o¡e ÓZ¡e_y„
Ar^›$p_ b°û S> Ry>„ s¡ rÓ`yV$u_p¡ dpfp `f Apfp¡` R>¡ Ap op_ A¡ S> îuL©$óZ_u
cpjpdp„ Ad©s L¡$ Adfsp R>¡, Aphu Adfsp A¡ S> dy[¼s R>¡. S>¡ o¡e L¡$ `fdb°û
L$üy„ R>¡ s¡ b°û kh£ v¡$lp¡dp„ fl¡gp lp\, `N, Ap„M, L$p_ A_¡ rifhpmp¡ R>¡ s¡
kh£_¡ ìep`u_¡ fl¡gp¡ R>¡. gp¥qL$L$ cpjp Üpfp `Z A¡hy„ S> L$l¡hpe R>¡ L¡$ `fdpÐdp
lÅf lp\hpmp¡ R>¡. lÅf A¡V$g¡ S>¡_p ANrZs lp\, `N, dp¢, L$p_, Ap„M R>¡ s¡
Apd Ll¡hp_p¡ Apie A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ kh® âpZu dpÓ_u L$d£[ÞÖep¡, op_¡[ÞÖep¡, ifufp¡
A„s¡ s¡ ApÐdp_u S> kÑp, õazrs®, A\p®s¹ Q¥sÞe i[¼s\u A[õsÐh ^fph¡ R>¡ A_¡
Q¡s_h„sp S>Zpe R>¡.
b°û AM„X$ Arhc¼s lp¡hp R>sp„ c|sp¡dp„ rhc¼s S>¡hp¡ Sy>v$p¡ Sy>v$p¡ cpk¡ R>¡.
hpõshdp„ sp¡ khp®r^›$p_ê$` s¡ b°û S> DÐ`Þ_ L$f_pf L$sp®, kfS>_lpf b°ûpÆ
`pg_ `p¡jZ L$sp® rhóÏÆ A_¡ k„lpfL$ i„L$fÆ sfuL¡$ ÅZhp ep¡Áe R>¡. b°û L¡$
ApÐdp sp¡ A¡L$ AM„X$Arhc¼s A_¡ AqÜsue S> R>¡. R>sp„ L$pe®c¡v$\u _pd DÐ`rs
[õ\rs A_¡ k„lpf_p„ L$pe® c¡v¡$ s¡ b°ûp, rhóÏ, dl¡i ANf âcy, c©scs©„ A_¡
N°rkóÏ S>¡hu k„op_¡ D`gå^ \pe R>¡.
iåv$, õ`i®, ê$`, fk A_¡ N„^ S>¡hp BÞÖue Nçe S>¡_p\u âL$pris \pe R>¡.
s¡hu B[ÞÖe ê$`u S>ep¡rs_¡ A_¡ S>¡ dpÓ byqÙ L¡$ d_\u ÅZu iL$pe R>¡. s¡
byqÙê$`u S>ep¡rs_¡ Q¥sÞe L¡$ õawrs®sp¡ ApÐdS>ep¡rs sfa\u S> dm¡ R>¡. s¡
(`fb°û)_p„ âL$pihp\u S> Ap b^y„ âL$pris \B füy„ R>¡.
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op_Nçe-op__p„ kp^_p¡ Üpfp S> s¡ ÅZu iL$pe s¡d R>¡ op__p„ kp^_p¡ A¡
S> op_ R>¡ rhh¡L$ h¥fpÁepqv$ kp^_ Qsyô$e k„`Þ_ \B_¡, `|h£ S>Zph¡gp„ A¡L$huk
kp^_p¡_¡ `p¡sp_p ApÝep[ÐdL$ k„`rs sfuL¡$ S>¡ b°û_¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ Ar^L$pfu b_¡ R>¡.
iyÙd_ L¡$ kyÿd byqÙ Üpfp NyfyL©$`p\u s¡dS> îyrs A_¡ Bðf_p A_yN°l\u n¡Ó
s\p nÓo_p¡ rhh¡L$ L$fhp S>¡ kd\® b_¡ R>¡. n¡Ó A_¡ s¡_p„ ^dp£_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡
s\p op_dp„ n¡Ódp„ rhL$pfp¡_p¡ bp^ L¡$ r_j¡^ L$fu_¡ õhe„ _¡ S> n¡Óoõhê$` `fb°û
sfuL¡$ A`fp¡np_yc|rs Üpfp A_ych¡ R>¡ s¡ A\p®s ks¹ Aks¹\u `f Q¥sÞe õhê$`
op_ õhê$` o¡e b°û õhe„ lz„ S> Ry>„ A¡hy„ ÅZ_pfp¡ ""dv$: c¼s'' cphpe D``Ûs¡
dpfp¡ c¼s dpfp õhê$`_¡ `pd¡ R>¡, cNhv$Nusp_y„ sp¡ s¡ tQs_ A_¡ d__
d_p¡d„\_\u sfu Aph¡gy„ op_pd©sê$`u _h_us R>¡. dp¡n A_¡ dy[¼s_y„ s¡ kpnps
L$pfZ R>¡ s¡\u dpfp¡ S>¡ L$p¡B c¼s kh„d_¡ n¡Ó op_ A_¡ n¡Óo\u ArcÞ_ê$`¡ ÅZ¡
R>¡ s¡ b°û _¡ ÅZu_¡ b°û S> \pe R>¡.
`„Q dlpcys\u b_¡gy„ ifuf A¡ âL©$rs_y„ L$pe® R>¡. ifufê$`u L$pe® A_¡ `p„Q
op_¡rÞÖep¡ `p„Q L$d£[ÞÖep¡ s\p d_, byqÙ, Al„L$pf A_¡ rQÑ A¡d A„s:L$fZ, s¡
kh£_y„ D`pv$p_ L$pfZ âL©$rs S> R>¡. s¡\u S> L$sp®`Ï„, L$d®`Ï„ A_¡ L$fZ`Ï„ A¡
kh£ âL©$rs_y„ S> L$pe® R>¡. s¡ k„kpf_u L$sp® `Z R>¡ A_¡ k„kpf_y„ L$pfZ `Z R>¡.
Apd A„s¡ âL©$rs S> k„kpf_y„ rhje cp¡N_y„ L$pfZ R>¡. s¡\u âL©$rs \u `f
\B_¡ ApÐdõ\ \hy„ A¡ S> k„v¡$i R>¡ kdõs b°ûp„X$ A¡ S>X$ Ar_Ðe A_¡ _pihp_
âL©$rs_p¡ rhõspf R>¡ Äepf¡ ""lz„ s¡ kp¥_y„ Q¥sÞeê$`u Ar^›$p_, Q¥sÞeê$` r_Ðe A_¡
Arh_piu Ry>„'' Aphy„ ÅZhy„ s¡ S> âL©$rs_¡ NyZ frls ÅZhy„ R>¡. Aphp op__¡ S>
`yê$j A_¡ âL©$rs_p¡ rhh¡L$ L$l¡hpe R>¡ Aphp rhh¡L$\u S>¡ õhe„_¡ A`fp¡n ApÐdp
ÅZ¡ R>¡ L$p¡B `Z âL$pf¡ hs£ R>sp„ s¡_p¡ L$v$u `y_:S>Þd \sp¡ _\u, s¡ dy[¼s_¡ S>
âpàs \pe R>¡.
ApÐdop__p„ kp^_p¡ Ar^L$pfc¡v$ dyS>b lh¡ bsphhpdp„ Apìep R>¡.
(1) DÑd Ar^L$pfu_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ê$`u Ýep_dp„ âeÐ_ Üpfp 2. dÝed
Ar^L$pfu_¡ op_ep¡N L¡$ kp„¿e Üpfp 3. d„v$ Ar^L$pfu_¡ L$d®ep¡N Üpfp 4. L$r_›$
Ar^L$pfu_¡ îhZ A_¡ Nyfy`v¡$i Üpfp. ""Ýep_¡_pÐdr_ `íer_s'' - Ýep_dp„ sp¡
Ýep_, Ýepsp A_¡ Ýe¡e_u rÓ`yV$u R>¡ Äepf¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ê$`u Ýep__p âeÐ_dp„ s¡hu
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rÓ`yV$u_p¡ ge R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ Ýepsp A_¡ Ýe¡e b„_¡ lz„ S> Ry>„ A_¡ dpfp Üpfp S> dpfy„
Ýep_ \B füy„ R>¡. A¡hu Ac¡v$ b°û cph_p„ L$fhu s¡ S> r_qv$Ýepk_ R>¡.
(2) ""AÞe kp„¿e¡_ ep¡N¡_'' op_ep¡N Üpfp ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf_¡ `„\¡ âepZ
L$f¡ R>¡ S>¡d_y„ d_p¡hgZ A¡L$pÞsrâe d__iug L¡$ r_qv$Ýepk_de _\u s¡hp dÝed
Ar^L$pfuAp¡ îhZ A_¡ k|ÿd byqÙ Üpfp `p¡sp_p AL$sp® Acp¡¼sp âL©$rs\u `f
Ak„N r_Ðe L|$V$õ\ rQv|$` ÅZu_¡ k„kpf\u dy¼s \pe R>¡.
(3) ""A`f¡ L$d®ep¡N¡_'' - AL$sp® cph¡ kpnucph¡ S>e `fpS>e_p¡ rhQpf
ÐepNu_¡ L$d® A¡S> dpfy„ L$s®ìe R>¡ s¡hu byqÙsu rQÑiyqÙ âpàs \pe R>¡. A_¡ s¡dp„
ApÐdop__p¡ Dv$e S>Zpe R>¡.
(4) L$r_›$ Ar^L$pfu_¡ îhZ A_¡ Nyfy`v¡$i Üpfp îÙp kp\¡ îyrs`fpeZ
\hp_u S>ê$f R>¡. np¡rse-b°ûr_›$_p„ ifZ¡ S>B_¡ âñ rh_p„ dpÓ Apop`pg_
L$fhp\u S> s¡ d©Ðey k„kpf sfu iL¡$ R>¡. Apd dpÓ ApÐdop_ S> A„s¡ Ar_hpe®
R>¡. Æh_dp„ S>¡ L„$B \pe R>¡ L¡$ A_ychpe R>¡ s¡ kh® L$p„B d_¡ o¡e R>¡ s¡\u S>
õhà_, ÅN©s L¡$ ky[óàs_p„ L$p¡BL$pe® L$¡ A_ych dpfp _\u L¡$ _\u lz„ s¡_p¡ s¡ kh®
L$p„B âL©$rs_p¡ M¡g R>¡ lz„ s¡ M¡g_p¡ kpnu Ahíe Ry>„ `Z s¡hp„ L$pe®_p„ cp¡¼sp_p„
M¡g kp\¡ dpf¡ L$p¡B g¡hpv¡$hp _\u s¡d v$f¡L¡$ kdS>hy„ `p¡sp_¡ Ak„N A_¡ r_[ó¾$e
Sy>A¡ R>¡ A¡ S> e\p\® Sy>A¡ R>¡ ANf kh®Ó ApÐdp_¡ S> Sy>A¡ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ n¡Ó A_¡ n¡Óo_p„ rhh¡L$_¡ op_Qny„ Üpfp ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡
S> `fb°û_¡ `pdu_¡ b°ûp_„v$ b_¡ R>¡.
Aphp sgõ`i}, _‚sÐhv$i®__p„ gu^¡ S> Nusp_¡ ^d®ip÷ _rl bgL¡$
dp¡nip÷ L$l¡hpe R>¡ _\u s¡ N°„\ k„âv$pe_p¡ L¡$ _\u `p¡\u `„qX$sp¡_u `f„sy Nusp
Üpfp S>¡ L$B Nhpe R>¡. s¡ S> _Á_, r_f`¡n, r_ê$`pr^L$, kÐe R>¡. cNhv$Nusp
A_yepeu Ap¡_¡ ip¡^su _\u Q¡gpAp¡_¡ d|„X$su _\u îp¡spAp¡_p„ V$p¡mp„ kd¡V$su _\u
L¡$ O¡V$pAp¡_p„ V$p¡mp„ kpQhsu _\u s¡_¡ Y$p¡fp¡_p„ ^Z_u NfS> _\u. `f„sy kÐe_¡
`Qphhp_u `pÓsphpmp A¡L$ghpep tkl S>¡hp Ar^L$pfu_¡ op_pd©s `pep rh_p L$v$u
sfõep¡ s¡ R>p¡X$su _\u Nuspd©s R>p`p_u S>¡d a¡qfep_p lp\¡ afsy„ _\u L¡$ azV$`p\
D`f fMX$sy„ _\u, A¡ sp¡ A_¡L$ S>Þdp¡_p„ `yÎe¡ `pd¡gp dydyny_¡ S> A_pepk¡

122
kv¹$Nyfy_u op_`fb _¡ S> S>X¡$ R>¡. Ðep„ dydyny rsrsnp kp\¡ [õ\s \B_¡ op_pd©s_y„
`p_ L$fu_¡ õhe„ Adf \B_¡, kp¥_¡ AS>f Adf r_Ðe dy¼s r_lpm¡ R>¡ kp¥ hpQL$p¡
kp¥ tQsL$p¡ Ap`Z¡ kp¥ kp\¡ Nusp_p„ Q¥sÞe âhpl_¡ õ`i® L$fu_¡ Q¥sÞede b_uA¡
õhe„ n¡Óo b_uA¡ kh®dp„ Q¥sÞe_¡ Å¡hp kdv$i} \BA¡ A¡ S> `fdpÐdp_¡ _d°
âp\®_p.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-13 n¡Ón¡Ó o ep¡N
kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

123
AÝepe : 14 NyZÓe rhcpN ep¡N
Ap S>Nsdp„ õ\phf A_¡ S>„Nd S>¡ L„$B ×íe R>¡, s¡ kh® n¡Ó A_¡ n¡Óo_p„
k„ep¡N\u `yfyj A_¡ âL©$rs_p„ NyZp¡ Üpfp DÐ`Þ_ \ey„ R>¡ lh¡ âñ Dv¹$ch¡ R>¡$ L¡$
Ap S>Ns DÐ`Þ_ \ey„ L$B fus¡ ? NyZ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? âL©$rs_p NyZp¡ L$ep L$ep R>¡
? NyZp¡_p¡ k„N A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? s¡_y„ L$pe® iy„ R>¡ ? b„Â_ A¡V$g¡ iy„ ? rhrh^ NyZp¡_u
Akf s\p s¡_y„ am iy„ R>¡ ? s¡_p L$pe®\u dy¼s L$B fus¡ \hpe ? NyZpsus_p„
gnZp¡ L$ep„ R>¡ ? Ap sdpd âL$pf_p âñp¡_y„ kdp^p_ L$fhp_p¡ A_¡ s¡ qv$ipdp„
dpN®v$i®_ Ap`hp_p¡ Ap AÝepe_p¡ dy¿e Apie R>¡.
âL©$rs A_¡ s¡_p NyZp¡_p„ L$pe®_¡ gu^¡ DÐ`Þ_ \sp b„^__p„ cph\u `uX$pB
dp_hu kss vy$:M_p¡ A_ych L$f¡ R>¡ s¡dp„\u kv$p_¡ dpV¡$ dy¼s \hp NyZpsus \hy„
AphíeL$ R>¡. Ap\u S> v¡$iL$pm A_¡ hõsy\u `f NZpsp ApÐdsÐh_y„ S> `fdop_
R>¡. Ap DÑd op__¡ tQs_ d__ Üpfp d__iug dyr_Ap¡A¡ A`fp¡n fus¡ ÅZu_¡,
rdÕep„ Al„L$pf_¡ Ap¡Npmu_¡ S>Þd d©Ðey_p„ Q¾$ê$` k„kpf_¡ Ap¡m„Nu Q|¼ep R>¡. s¡ _¡
S> `fd rkqÙ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ Æh_dy¼s ìe[¼s `p¡sp_¡ AS>Þdp sfuL¡$ ÅZu
Q|L$u lp¡hp\u k©rô$_u DÐ`rs \hp R>sp„ s¡_u DÐ`rs \su _\u.
`p¡sp_u âL©$rs\u rcÞ_ Arh_piu sfuL¡$ Ap¡mMu g¡hp_p L$pfZ¡ k©róV$_p„
âgeL$pmdp„ vy$:M_p¡ Acy_h `Z L$fsu _\u.
b°û sp¡ r_rh®L$pf r_fhehu s\p Aq¾$e R>¡. A_¡ âL©$rs `p¡s¡ S>X$ R>¡. sp¡ `R>u
Ap S>Ns Apìey„ L$ep„\u ? Ak„¿e Æhp¡ DÐ5Þ_ \ep„ L¡$hu fus¡ ? `fdpÐdp L$l¡
R>¡ L¡$ dpepdp„ lz„ Nc®_y„ õ\p`_ L$f_pf A\p®s¹ kÑp A_¡ õa|rs® d¡mhhpê$` buS>_¡
õ\p`_pf (Q¥sÞe âv$p_ L$f_pf) r`sp Ry>„ `fdb°û_u AÝenspdp„ S> dpep kÑp
A_¡ õawrs® A\p®s buS> âpàs L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ s¡\u S> s¡ kS>®_ L$fhp i[¼sdp_ b_¡
R>¡. Ap dlpdpep kdN° k©rô$_¡ S>Þdph_pf S>Ns S>__u S>¡hu R>¡. kÐh, fS>k,
s\p sdk, âL©$rs\u A¡V$g¡ dpep\u DÐ`Þ_ \e¡gp„ R>¡. d|mdp„ sp¡ dpep_p„ ÓZ
NyZp¡ S> v¡$ldp„ Al„ byqÙ `¡v$p L$f¡ R>¡. Apd NyZ v¡$l s\p s¡_p„ ^d® A_¡ L$d®dp„
""lz„'' A_¡ ""dpfp`Zp''_p¡ cph L$fphu_¡ S>Þd A_¡ d©Ðey_p„ Q¾$ê$` b„^_dp„ _pM¡
R>¡. hpõshdp„ sp¡ k|e®_¡ A„^L$pf kp\¡ S>¡hp¡ k„b„^ lp¡B iL¡$ (k„b„^ i¼e S> _\u
L$pfZ L¡$ k|e® lp¡e Ðep„ A„ÂL$pf i¼e S> _\u) s¡hp¡ S> k„b„^ ApÐdp_p¡ ArhÛp
124
L¡$ s¡_p\u L$pe® kp\¡ lp¡B iL¡$ îuL©$óZ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ l¡ dlpbplp¡ spfp L$pë`r_L$ NyZp¡
ê$`u Ap v$p¡fX$p_¡ L$p`u _pM. A_¡ NyZpsus \B_¡ Aìeh ApÐd õhê$`dp„ [õ\s
\p.
kÐhNyZ kyM_u h©rÑdp„ fS>kNyZ L$d®dp„ s\p sdp¡ NyZ âdpv$dp„ Apk[¼s
`¡v$p L$fu_¡ b„^__p¡ cph S>Þdph¡ R>¡ dpV¡$ ^uf¡ ^uf¡ ÓZ¡e_p¡ ÐepN L$fhp¡ S> DrQs
R>¡. s¡ dpV¡$ sdk dp„\u fS>k A_¡ fS>kdp„\u kÐhNyZdp„ Aphhy„ A_¡ kÐh `Z
ÐeÆ_¡ NyZpsus A\p®s¹ r_Ny®Z \hy„ s¡ S> `fd gÿe R>¡.
d©Ðey âòps Æh_u Nrs hZp®îd âdpZ¡ _l] `f„sy NyZp_ykpf \pe R>¡. s¡
rlfÎeNc®_u D`pk_p L$f_pf S>¡d õhN® S>¡hp gp¡L$p¡_¡ âpàs L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hp S> qv$ìe
gp¡L$p¡_¡ kÐhNyZ_u h©qÙdp„ ifuf ÐepN_pfp `pd¡ R>¡. fÅ¡NyZu ìe[¼s L$d®dp„
Apk[¼s ^fphsu lp¡hp\u L$d®_u As©às hpk_p_¡ gu^¡, A„s¡ L$d®ep¡_u_¡ S> âpàs
L$f¡ R>¡. sdp¡NyZ_u h©qÙdp„ âpZ ÐepN_pf L$p¡B `Z ìe[¼s `iy„ S>¡hu d|Y$ ep¡_u_¡
âpàs L$f¡ R>¡.
NyZp¡\u AÞe L$p¡B L$sp® _\u. A\p®s S>¡ L$B DÐ`Þ_ \ey s¡ kh® Ap ÓZ
NyZp¡_¡ gu^¡ S> DÐ5Þ_ \ey„ R>¡. v¡$lpqv$ hX¡$ \su q¾$epAp¡ `Z NyZp¡_¡ S> Apcpfu
R>¡. Ap\u NyZ S> kh® q¾$ep_p¡ L$sp® R>¡. Ap âdpZ¡ S>¡ ìe[¼s rhh¡L$op_ Üpfp
NyZ_¡ L$sp® s\p `p¡sp_¡ s¡_p\u `f fl¡g kpnu ÅZu Q|L$ep„ R>¡. s¡ ìe[¼s
""kv$cphd'' dpfp cph_¡ `pd¡ R>¡ - `fdpÐdp_¡ `pd¡ R>¡.
âL$pi âh©rÑ s\p dp¡l A_y¾$d¡ kÐh, fS>k A_¡ sdp¡NyZ_y„ L$pe® R>¡. dpV¡$ S>
s¡ NyZp¡_p„ L$pe®_u âh©rÑdp„ NyZpsus ìe[¼s Ö¡j L$fsp¡ _\u L¡$ s¡dp„\u r_h©Ñ
\hp_u BÃR>p `Z fpMsp¡ _\u NyZp¡ Üpfp S> kh® âL$pf_u q¾$epAp¡ \ep L$f¡ R>¡,
`p¡s¡ sp¡ kp¥_p¡ kpnu âL$piL$ L¡$ ×ô²$p lp¡B s¡ L$v$u r_f\®L$ hpv$-rhhpv$dp„ `X$sp¡
_\u Mf¡Mf sp¡ ApÐdp r_[ó¾$e, Aq¾$e R>¡. s¡ ApÐdp ""lz„'' Ry>„ A¡hu S>¡_u
õhp_ycyrs R>¡, s¡_p„ dpV¡$ õh¡ÃR>pQpf A_pQpf vy$fpQpf L¡$ kv$pQpf S>¡hp L$p¡B `Z
âL$pf_p„ ApQfZ_p¡ âñ S> i¼e _\u, `Z R>sp„ S>¡ L$p¡B q¾$ep Aop_uAp¡ Üpfp
A_ychpe R>¡. s¡_p\u NyZpsus ìe[¼s r_g£` fl¡ R>¡. e:dp„ k¡hs¡ - S>¡ d_¡ cS>¡
R>¡. L¡$hu fus¡ s¡ õ`ô$ L$fsp„ S>Zpìey„ L¡$ AìercQpfu c[¼s Üpfp A\p®s
A_Þecph¡ d_¡ cS>¡ R>¡ s¡ ìe[¼s ÓZ NyZp¡_¡ Ap¡m„Nu_¡ b°ûuc|s b_hp kd\®
125
\pe R>¡. Adf A\p®s S>¡_u iê$Aps _\u L¡$ A„s _\u `f„sy S>¡ A_pqv$ A_¡ A_„s
R>¡. S>¡ AS>Þdp s\p A`qfhs®_iug R>¡ s¡ ks¹ õhê$` R>¡ s¡ ^d® R>¡. sdpd gnZp¡
ey¼s `fb°û_u ârs›$p lz„ Ry>„.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-14 NyZÓe rhcpN ep¡N
kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

132 133
126
AÝepe : 15 `yê$jp¡Ñd ep¡N
Ap A¡L$ S> A¡hp¡ AÝepe R>¡ L¡$ Äep„ cNhp_ õ`ô$p L$fu R>¡ L¡$ h¥fpÁe_p„
A×íe Ak„N i÷\u dydyny A¡gp_ L$fu iL¡$ R>¡ L¡$ s¡Z¡ k„kpf h©n_p¡ k„Þepk L$ep£
R>¡ Ap s¡_p¡ A„rsd S>Þd R>¡. Af¡ Ap ! R>¡ëgy„ dp¡s R>¡ lh¡ s¡_¡ _\u S>Þd d©Ðey_y„
Q¾$ L¡$ _\u AphpNd__p¡ a¡fp¡ Apd h¥fpÁe L¡$ k„Þepk rh_p, Ac¡v$op_ rh_p
k„kpf_u r_h©rÑ L$v$u k„chsu _\u D`fp„s cNhp_¡ õhe„_¡ Æh A_¡ Bðf\u
S>Ns A_¡ dpep\u `f A_¡ A`fp âL©$rs\u nf A_¡ Anf `yê$j\u â\dhpf `fd
DÐL©$ô$ A_¡ khp£Ñd ""`yê$jp¡Ñd'' ê$`¡ S>Zphu_¡ ip÷p¡_p„ îyrsAp¡_p„ flõep¡_p¡
OV$õap¡V$ L$ep£ L¡$ S>¡ `p¡sp_¡ n¡Ó\u rcÞ_ ÅZu iL$i¡ s¡ cNhp_ kp\u A¥¼e
A_ychu õhe„_¡ ""`yê$jp¡Ñd'' ÅZi¡. dpV¡$ Ap AÝepe k„`|Z® ip÷ L$l¡hpe R>¡
AÝepe_p„ âpf„cdp„ S> `fd `v$_u âprá A\£ h¥fpÁe A_¡ k„Þepk_p„ k„v¡$i_¡
ùv$eNçe b_phhp dpV¡$ k„kpf_¡ AðÐ\h©n_y„ ê$`L$ Ap`u A×íe Ak„Ni÷_¡
^pfZ L$fu â\d `Nr\e¡ S> k„kpfh©©n_y„ R>¡v$_ L$fu, ApÐdriMf ârs âZpep\£
â¡fZp Ap`hp cNhp_ k„kpfh©n_p hZ®__p¡ iycpf„c L$f¡ R>¡.
îudv¹$ cNhsNuspA¡ DQp d|m Üpfp k„kpfh©n_p¡ âk„N QQ£gp¡ R>¡. k„kpf
L¡$hp¡ R>¡ s¡_y„ d|m iy„ R>¡ b„Þ_¡ dp„\u kÐe iy„ ? s¡_y„ op_ lp¡hy„ AphíeL$ R>¡.
""DÝh®dgd'' Ap iåv$dp„ d|m A¡V$g¡ k„kpf_y„ L$pfZ `fdb°û ê$`u L$pfZ L¡$hy„ R>¡.
sp¡ s¡ L$l¡ R>¡ L¡$ L$pfZ ""EÝh®'' EQy„ R>¡. A\p®s L¡$ s¡ kp¥_y âL$piL$ R>¡, Ars
kyÿd R>¡ b°û kp¥\u î¡›$_¡ `fd v¡$iL$pm A_¡ hõsy\u `f R>¡ dpV¡$ `Z EÝh® L$l¡gy„
R>¡. _uQ¡ ipMpAp¡ L¡$ X$pmuAp¡ R>¡ s¡hy„ k„kpfh©n R>¡. `fb°û_u AÝenspdp„ S> kh®
L$p„B âL©$rs S>Þdph¡ R>¡. s¡\u kdN° k„kpf_u âk|rs, âL©$rs Üpfp \pe R>¡ S>¡ k„kpf
ê$`u h©n_p„ d|m JQp R>¡ A_¡ kh® Æhp¡ ê$`u X$pmuAp¡ _uQ¡ sfa a¡gpe¡gu R>¡.
""AðÐh Aìeed âplz'' - k„kpfh©n_¡ ""AðÐh'' A¡hy„ _pd Apàey„ R>¡ L$pfZ
L¡$ ""A + ð + Ðh'' A = _rl L¡$ fl¡_pf ð: A¡V$g¡ AphsuL$pg ky^u, Ðh fl¡_pf
A¡d S>¡ h©n AphsuL$pg ky^u `Z fl¡_pf _\u s¡_¡ ""AðÐh'' A¡hy„ _pd A`pe¡gy„
R>¡. s¡ D`fp„s k„kpfh©nA¡ âL©$rs L¡$ L$pe® lp¡hp\u `Z s¡ crhóedp„ fl¡i¡ L¡$ _rl
s¡ i„L$p S> R>¡. s¡_u Ar_Ðesp v$ip®hu_¡ sfs S> rhfp¡^pcpk ìe¼s L$fsp„ L$üy„ R>¡
L¡$ s¡ h©n ""Aìee'' _pifrls L$l¡hpe R>¡.

127
r_Ðe L¡$ Aìee L$l¡hp_p¡ l¡sy A¡ S> R>¡ L¡$ (1) ApÐdp_p„ Ac¡v$ A`fp¡n op_
rh_p„ k„kpfh©n_¡ r_d|m L$fhp_p¡ AÞe L$p¡B D`pe _\u (2) Ap dp\pde
k„kpfh©n A_pqv$L$pm\u Qpëey Aph¡ R>¡. s¡\u s¡_¡ ""Aìee'' L$l¡hpey„ R>¡. (3) Ap
k„kpfdp„ S>¡ S>Þd¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ d©Ðey R>¡ A_¡ S>¡ df¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ `y_:S>Þd R>¡. A¡hu Apqv$
A_¡ A_„s `f„`fp_¡ hmNu k„kpf Qpëep S> L$f¡ R>¡. s¡_p¡ A„s op_ rkhpe L$ep„e
v¡$Mpsp¡ _\u s¡\u A„s frls `f„`fphpmp k„kpfh©n_¡ ""Aìee'' L$l¡gy„ R>¡. (4)
L¡$V$gpL$ âhpl ê$`¡ Qpëep¡ Aphsp¡ k„kpf Sy>A¡ R>¡ s¡ L$pfZ¡ s¡_¡ r_Ðe L$l¡ R>¡.
Apd Arhh¡L$u Aby^_¡ S> k„kpfh©n kÐe, r_Ðe L¡$ Arh_piu, Aìee cpk¡
R>¡. ApÐdv$i}_¡ sp¡ k„kpfh©n fS>Sy>k`®hs c°p„rs S> cpk¡ R>¡ Ap h©n_p„ `p„v$X$pAp¡
h¡v$_p„ Ak„¿e ANrZs d„Óp¡ R>¡. S>¡ h©n_p„ v$p¡jp¡ Y$p„L$u v¡$ R>¡ A_¡ blpf\u s¡_¡
OV$pv$pf gugy„ A_¡ ApL$rj®s b_phu_¡ s¡_u fnp L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ h©qÙ `Z L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hu
S> fus¡ k„kpfê$`u h©n_p„ S>¡ Ar_ÐeÐh, vy$:Mê$`Ðh, [dÕepÐh, dp¡lL$Ðh s\p
A_\®Ðh hN¡f¡ v$p¡jp¡_¡ h¡v$_p L$d®L$p„X$ cpN_p d„Óp¡ Y$p„L$u v¡$ R>¡ s¡_y„ ApÃR>pv$_ L$f¡
R>¡ A_¡ DgVy$ Aop_uAp¡dp„ k„kpfh©n rhi¡ c°p„rs `¡v$p L$fu_¡ s¡_u r_f„sf h©qÙ
L$fu_¡ S> fnp L$f¡ R>¡. Aphp h¡v$hp¼ep¡ S> k„kpfh©n_p„ `p„v$X$p L$üp„ R>¡.
""^°yhp Ûp¡'' ^°yhp A¡V$g¡ `©Õhu õhN® r_Ðe R>¡. `©Õhu - ^°yh AQm R>¡.
""v$rnZphÞsp¡ $Ad©sÐh„ cS>Þs¡'' v$rnZprÁ__p„ D`pkL$p¡ Adfsp_¡ âpàs L$f¡ R>¡.''
Aphp c°dZpÐdL$ h¡v$hp¼ep¡, Brslpk D`pk_p„ ep¡N hN¡f¡_p„ d„Ó_¡ L¡$„Ó_¡ gNsu
k„`|Z® q¾$ep_¡ kdÅhsp ïgp¡L$p¡ S> k„kpfh©n_p„ `p„v$X$pAp¡ S>¡ k„kpf_p„ v$p¡j Y$p„L$u
k„kpf_y„ c°p„rsde rQÓ fS|> L$f¡ R>¡ s¡\u S> Arhh¡L$u d|Y$ S_p¡ k„kpf_¡ r_Ðe,
Aìee A_¡ kyMde dp_¡ R>¡. S>¡ L$p¡B iyÙ A„s:L$fZey¼s R>¡. k|ÿdbyqÙhpmp¡ R>¡ s¡
sp¡ b°û_¡ ÅZu_¡ k„kpfh©n_¡ s¡\u ArcÞ_ ÅZu g¡ R>¡. S>¡_¡ k„kpf_p„ âÐe¡L$
_pd ApL$pf b°ûde S> S>Zpe R>¡. s¡hp¡ b°ldv$i} S> h¡v$p¡_p„ r_N|Y$ flõep¡_p¡ opsp
h¡v$rhv$ R>¡.
k„kpfh©n_u ipMpAp¡ _uQ¡ D`f kh®Ó rhõspf `pd¡gu R>¡. d_yóeep¡_u \u
_uQ¡_u S>X$ L¡$ õ\phf ep¡_uAp¡ s\p d_yóe \u b°ûgp¡L$ ky^u_u D`f_u sdpd_p¡
kdph¡i EÝh ep¡_udp„ \pe R>¡. sdpd ep¡_uAp¡ k„kpfh©n_u ipMp - D`ipMpAp¡S>
R>¡. S>¡d v$f¡L$ h©n_u ipMpAp¡_¡ A„Ly$f ayV¡$ R>¡. s¡dS> k„kpfê$`u h©n_u L$d® ê$`u
ipMpAp¡_¡ ""rhjeâhpgp'' rhje ê$`u A„Ly$f azV¡$ R>¡. Aphp iåv$, õ`i®, ê$`, fk
128
A_¡ N„^ ê$`u A„Ly$f S> fpN Ö¡j DÐ`Þ_ L$fu_¡ Æh_¡ hpf„hpf L$d® L$fph¡ R>¡.
d_yóegp¡L$dp„ S> hpk_p„ ê$`u S>X$p¡ L¡$ d|rmep h^y_¡ h^y ipMpAp¡ Üpfp rhõspf
`pd¡gp R>¡. Ap S> Æh__¡ L$pçe, r_Ðe, _¥rdrsL$ L¡$ r_j¡^ L$dp£ L$fph¡ R>¡. A_¡
s¡_¡ L$d®amdp„ bp„^¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡_¡ L$dp®_yb„^u L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
Ap k„kpfê$`u h©n_y„ hpõsrhL$ L$p¡B S> õhê$` A[õsÐhdp„ _\u. ip÷p¡dp„ s¡_u
õsyrs Å¡hp dm¡ R>¡. s¡ sp¡ L$d®W$p¡ dpV¡$, Aop_uAp¡ dpV¡$, sv$_ sdkdp„ `X¡$gp_¡
L$d®dp„ âh¡i L$fphhp dpV¡$ kp`¡n A_¡ Ap¥`QpqfL$ S> R>¡. hpõsrhL$ L¡$ `pfdpr\®L$
_\u. k„kpfh©n_y„ õhê$` sp¡ dpÓ Aop_ S> v$ipdp„ A_ychpe R>¡. op_ v$ipdp„ sp¡
sd_¡ Å¡hp dmsy„ S> _\u.
k„kpfh©n_y„ _\u Apqv$ _\u L¡$ A„s s¡d S> s¡_u [õ\rs `Z _\u A\p®s
k„kpf L$epf¡ iê$ \ep¡ s¡ L$p¡B_¡ Mbf _\u. s¡_p¡ A„s L$epf¡ \i¡ s¡ `Z r_rQòs
ê$`¡ L$p¡B ÅZsy„ _\u Aop_u_¡ Å¡ k„kpf_u DÐ`rs Aops L$pm¡ cpksu lp¡e sp¡
`Z s¡ hpõsrhL$ _\u. k„kpfh©ndp„ d_yóe fpN\u b„^pe¡gp¡ R>¡ k„kpf_p rhjep¡_u
Apk[¼s L¡$ fpN_¡ ""k„N'' `Z L$l¡ R>¡. hmu Ak„N iåv$_p¡ A\® S> A¡ R>¡ L¡$
k„kpf_p„ rdÕepÐh_p„ op_\u cp¡Áe `v$p\p£ dpV¡$_p¡ h¥fpÁe, op__p, Nc®dp„ âNV¡$gu
A_pk¼s S>ep¡rs A¡ S> h¥fpÁe R>¡. s¡ S> Ak„N i÷ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
hpk_pê$`u d|rmep_¡ kh®Ó M|b rhõspf\u a¡gphu_¡ Ars ×Y$ fus¡ Ådu Ne¡gy„
R>¡. dpV¡$ S> dp_rkL$ ×Y$sp\u A\p®s âbB dp¡n¡ÃR>p\u, ×Y$ i÷\u A\p®s ^pfv$pf
k|ÿd ApÐdrhQpf L¡$ rhh¡L$\u k„kpf h©n_¡ dp¡ndpN®_y„ âbm rhð kdÆ_¡ g¡idpÓ
i„L$pê$`u L„$`_ rh_p ×Y$sp\u R>¡v$u _p„M. `R>u ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf_p¡ dpN® r_rh®Ý_ \i¡.
Ak„Nip÷\u k„kpfh©n_y„ ×Y$sp\u R>¡v$_ L$ep® `R>u k„kpfh©n_y„ S>¡ d|m R>¡, buS>
R>¡, Apqv$ L$pfZ L¡$ S>¡_¡ `fdb°û L$l¡ R>¡, s¡_u Mp¡S> L$fhu s¡ dpV¡$ L$p¡B îp¡rÓe
b°ûr_›$ Nyfy_¡ ifZ¡ S>B_¡ h¡v$pÞs hp¼ep¡_p¡ rhQpf, S>¡\u b°ûê$`u `fd `v$_u
âpràs \B iL¡$.
Ap âdpZ¡ S>¡Ap¡ v¡$lprcdp_, dp¡l, fpN, k„Nv$p¡j, L$pd_pAp¡ A_¡ ÖÞv$\u
dy¼s \ep R>¡. îhZ, d__ A_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ey¼s Æh_ Npm¡ R>¡. Ar^›$p__p
op_\u A_¡ b°ûcph\u kv$p kh®v$p, ApÐdp_„v$, klÅ_„v$ L¡$ r_Å_„v$dp„ S> dõs
fl¡ R>¡. s¡_¡ AÓ¡ ïgp¡L$dp„ Ad|Y$p A\p®s b°ûr_›$ L¡$ `|Z® op_u L$lep R>¡. s¡hp
129
kp¥ Arh_piu `fd `v$_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡. Ðep„ `lp¢Q¡gp L$p¡B `y_: k„kpfdp„ `pR>p
Aphsp _\u. S>¡d _v$u kpNf_¡ dmu_¡ kpNf \B Åe `R>u `y_: s¡ kqfsp \B
iL¡$ _l]. `fd^pd_¡ âpàs L$fu Q|L¡$gp¡ `y_: `pdf Æh \sp¡ _\u.
dpfp¡ S> A¡L$ A„i Æhgp¡L$dp„ = k„kpfdp„ Æhê$` \ep¡ R>¡. A\p®s _pd A_¡
ApL$pf_¡ âNV$ L$fhp dpV¡$ v¡$ldp„ ÆhpÐdp ê$`¡ R>¡. ANf n¡Ódp„ n¡Óo ê$`¡ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ L$üy„ R>¡ L¡$ dy„S> b°û_p¡ S> A¡L$ A„i Æhgp¡L$dp„ L¡$ v¡$ldp„ ÆhpÐdp ê$`¡ cpk¡
R>¡. âsus \pe R>¡ A_¡ s¡ `Z Aop_L$pm¡ S> `f„sy op_L$pm¡ sp¡ b°ûop_dp„
Æhcph_p¡ bp^ \B Åe R>¡. hpõshdp„ b°û Æh L¡$ A„i _ lp¡hp R>sp ÆhpÐdp
ê$`¡ cpk¡ R>¡. `Z d|m õhê$`¡ sp¡ ÆhpÐdp b°û S> R>¡. ""es Q Ar` Dо$pdrs
Bðf'' Apd v¡$l, B[ÞÖe, hN¡f¡_p¡ dprgL$ ÆhpÐdp Äepf¡ Dо$dZ L$f¡ R>¡. (d©Ðey
kde¡ ifuf R>p¡X¡$ R>¡) Ðepf¡ âL©$rs ê$`¡ S>Þd¡gp ifufdp„ fl¡gu d_ A_¡ `p„Q¡e
B[ÞÖep¡_¡ (op_ B[ÞÖep¡_¡) ApL$j£ R>¡. M¢Q¡ R>¡ Apd A„s kde¡ ÆhpÐdp d_dp„
fl¡gu As©às hpk_pAp¡ kp\¡ d__¡ L$pd_p„ kp\¡ s¡ s¡ B[ÞÖep¡_¡ M¢Qu_¡ _hp
ifuf_u âpràs dpV¡$ gB Åe R>¡. âpfå^ `|Z® \sp ifuf_¡ R>p¡X$u_¡ S>hp_u
ÆhpÐdp_u Aphu q¾$ep_¡ Dо$dZ L$f¡ R>¡. ÆhpÐdp hs®dp_ v¡$l R>p¡X$u_¡ _hp v¡$l_¡
âpàs L$f¡ R>¡. s¡_¡ v¡$l_y„ k„¾$dZ L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡\u Æh õ\|m ifuf, k|ÿd ifuf,
B[ÞÖep¡ d_ L¡$ rQÑ hN¡f¡\u Þepfp¡ R>¡ d|m õhê$`¡ sp¡ s¡ kh®_p¡ Aqh¾$e kpnu
ApÐdpS> R>¡.
rhd|Y$ (Aop_u)S>_p¡ `p¡sp_¡ `Z ÆhpÐdp S> dp_¡ R>¡. D`pr^hpmp S> dp_¡
R>¡. A_¡ Aop_\u õhe„_¡ `Z L$sp®, cp¡¼sp, kyMu, vy$:Mu, ÅX$p, `psmp, rhL$pfu,
S>Þd¡gp _pihp_ ÅZu b„Â_dp„ `X¡$ R>¡. s¡d S> ""õh'' õhê$`¡ õhe„_¡ Ak„N
ApÐdp sfuL¡$ _ ÅZsp hpf„hpf k„kpfQ¾$_¡ S> âpàs L$f¡ R>¡.
ÆhpÐdp_¡ S>Ns_¡ A_¡ kh®_pd A_¡ ApL$pf_¡ op_Qny_p„ bm ApÐdê$`¡ S>
Å¡_pfp ^Þe R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ s¡Ap¡ L$d® L$fhp R>sp L$d® b„^_dp„ `X$sp _\u. L$d®\u
fpN L$fsp _\u Apd R>sp„ L$d® L$fhp\u X$fsp `Z _\u Äepf¡ rhdyY$ L¡$ S>¡
Aop_ê$`u _¡Óhpmp `yfyjp¡ R>¡. S>¡ r_Ðe âL$pidp_ ApÐdp_¡ Å¡sp _\u. S>¡ fus¡
âopQny A„^S>_ âL$pidp_ k|e®_¡ Å¡sp _\u.
âÐe_hp_ ep¡NuAp¡ r_Ðe r_f„sf, âdpv$ rh_p, ""îhZ''_p„ sÐhp\p£ `f
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tQs_ A_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ `|h®L$ kpnpÐL$pf dpV¡$ âeÐ_iug R>¡. s¡hp S> ùv$e_u
Nyapdp„ A\p®s byqÙdp„ Q¥sÞe sfuL¡$ rbfpS>sp kpnu ApÐdp_¡ Å¡B iL¡$ R>¡. `f„sy
S>¡ Bðf L©$`p\u h„rQs R>¡ AiyÙ A_¡ brldy®Mu rQÒhpmp R>¡. ""A- Q¡sk'' rhh¡L$
i|Þe R>¡, s¡hp sp¡ âeÐ_ L$fhp R>sp„ `Z `p¡sp_p õhê$` sfuL¡$ ApÐdp_¡ Ac¡v$
fus¡ Å¡B iL$sp _\u L¡$ _\u ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf L$fu iL$sp.
l¡ ASy®_ epv$ fpM fpM l¡ kp^L$p¡ kph^p_ fl¡Å¡. S>¡ s¡S>\u k|e® kdN° S>Ns
_¡ âL$pris L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ ""s¡S>'' õhê$` hpõshdp„ dpfy„ S> R>¡. A\p®s lz„ s¡S> õhê$`
S> Ry>„ s¡\u S> Q„Ö A_¡ ArÁ_dp„ lz„ S> s¡S> õhê$`¡ Ry>„, s¡\u s¡dp„ dyS> `fd¡ðf_u
byqÙ\u D`pk_p L$fhu Å¡BA¡.
S>¡d hpey S> hpv$mpdp„ ârhô$ \B_¡ hpv$m_p S>mfpri_¡ ^pfZ L$f¡ R>¡ hl_
L$f¡ R>¡ R>sp„ Ap„M¡ v¡$Mpsp¡ _\u s¡d lz„ Bðf S> kh®_y„ L$pfZ \B `©Õhuê$`u L$pe®dp„
kh®ìepàs flu `©Õhu A_¡ s¡_p„ kh® c|sp¡_¡ ^pfZ L$fy„ Ry>„. dpV¡$ `©Õhudp„ kh®Ó dyS>
Bðf_u cph_p L¡$ byqÙ fpMu_¡ D`pk_p L$fhu S> Bô$ R>¡ s¡d cNhp_ L$l¡ R>¡
s¡hu S> fus¡ lz„ S> ""kp¡dp cyÐhp fkpÐdL$'' Q„Ö \B_¡ Qp„v$_u Üpfp S>¡ Ad©sfk
`©Õhu `f Tf¡ R>¡. s¡ hfkphu kdN° Ap¥jr^ L¡$ h_õ`rs S>Ns_¡ `p¡jZ `yfy„ `pX$u
`yô$ L$fy„ Ry>„ lz„ S> k|e® \B h_õ`rs_u h©qÙ L$fy„ Ry>„ dpV¡$ s¡dp„\u Nd¡ s¡hp dyS>
cph_p\u D`pk_p L$f.
""Al„ h¥ðp_fp¡ c|Ðhp âprZ_p„ v¡$l dprîs
âpZp`p_ kdpey¼s: `„QpçeÞ_„ Qs©rhÛd''
Ap ïgp¡L$ Üpfp cNhp_¡ ky„v$f ×ô$p„s sL®$ Ap`u S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L$¡ ly„ âpZudpÓ_p
ifuf_y„ sp`dp_ Åmh_pf Nfdu `Z lz„ S> Ry>„ âÐe¡L$ v¡$ldp„ h¥íhp_f ArÁ_ L¡$
S>W$fprÁ_ `Z lz„ S> Ry>„.
lz„ S> âpZhpey A_¡ A`p_hpey k„ey¼s \B_¡ ArÁ__¡ âS>hrgs L$fu S>¡ L$B
AÞ_ S>W$fdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ `Qphhp_y„ L$pe® L$fy„ Ry>„. dpV¡$ l¡ ASy>®_ l¡ dydyny sy„ L$„B
S> L$fhp_¡ i[¼sdp_ _\u. sy L$sp®cph A_¡ L$d®_y„ Arcdp_ R>p¡X$u v¡$. spfp Üpfp
Apfp¡Npe¡gy„ AÞ_ `Z ""sy„'' Ås¡ `Qphu iL¡$ s¡d _\u. ""sy„'' spfu Ås¡ h¥ðp_f
ArÁ_ê$` dyS>_u dv$v$ qh_p. s_¡ `p¡sp_¡ Æhsp¡ fpMhp¡ L¡$ V$L$phu fpMhp kd\®
131
_\u sp¡ ip dpV¡$ bZNp„ awL¡$ fpM¡ R>¡. L¡$ lz„ dpfp cpB cp„Xy$_y„, dpfp Ly$Vy„$b_y„ dpfp
OfX$p„ dp-bp`_y„ cfZ`p¡jZ L$fy„ Ry>„. ? dpfp Ly$Vy„$b_¡ Qgph_pf lz„ S> Ry>„ s¡d L$l¡_pf
sp¡ NpX$p _uQ¡ Qpgsp Ly$sfp S>¡hp S> kdS>hp.
Bðf Å¡ h¥ðp_f L¡$ S>W$fprÁ_ sfuL¡$ AÞ_ `Qph¡ R>¡ sp¡ õ`ô$ R>¡ - `Q¡gp
AÞ_\u DÐ`Þ_ \e¡gu i[¼sê$`¡ Bðf S> ifufdp„ kh®Ó ìepàs R>¡. s¡\u kh®
âpZuAp¡dp„ kh® ifufp¡dp„ Bïhf_y„ S> v$i®_ L$fhy„ Aphu ×rô$_¡ S> BðfbyqÙ L$l¡ R>¡.
kh®dp„ BðfbyqÙ fpMu_¡ D`pk_p„ L$fhu, S>¡\u A„s:L$fZ iyqÙ \pe A_¡
kph®Ðd×rô$ê$`u op_ âpàs L$fu_¡ ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf \B iL¡$ R>¡. b°û sp¡ kpnu cph¡
kp¥_¡ kÑp A_¡ õawrs® âv$p_ L$f¡ R>¡. S>¡hu cph_p„ L¡$ byqÙ\u cNhp__¡ S>¡ L$p¡B
cS>¡ R>¡ s¡_¡ s¡ âdpZ¡_y„ am Ap`¡ R>¡.
lz„ S> h¡v$pÞs_p¡ L$sp® A_¡ h¡v$_p sÐh_¡ ÅZ_pfp¡ h¡v$ rhv$ `Z Ry>„. S>¡ b°ûp
A_¡ s¡_u k©rô$ â\d kS>£ R>¡. A_¡ s¡d_¡ h¡v$p¡ A`Z® L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ h¡v$pÞsrhÛp_p¡
D`v¡$iL$ h¡v$pÞspQpe® lz„ S> Ry>„. d¢ S> L©$`p L¡$ A_yN°l L$fu_¡ b°ûpÆ_¡ h¡v$ A_¡ s¡_p
A\p£_y„ op_ Apàey„ R>¡. s¡\u lz„ S> h¡v$pÞs_p¡ L$sp®, fQresp A_¡ D`v¡$iL$ Ry>„.
S>Nsdp„ Äep„ Äep„ îrs, õd©rs, h¡v$ L¡$ NuspÆ_y„ op_ A`pe R>¡. s¡ op_p¡v$e
L$fph_pf âÐe¡L$ ApQpe®, k„Þepku L¡$ Nyê$dp„ lz„ S> rbfpS>dp_ \B_¡ op__p¡ D`v¡$i
Ap`y„ Ry>„.
Ap k„kpfdp„ b¡ `yê$jp¡ fl¡gp„ R>¡. nf `yê$j A_¡ Anf `yê$j. nf A_¡ Anf
`yê$j Ap b„_¡ R>¡ L$p¡Z ? nf A_¡ Anf `yê$j A¡ b„_¡ ApÐdp_u D^pr` lp¡hp\u,
s¡_¡ b¡ _pd¡ Ap¡mMpe R>¡. Vy„$L$dp„ S>¡ L„$B DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡, kÅ®e R>¡, S>Þd¡ R>¡, s¡
kh® L$p„B nf `yfyj L$l¡hpe R>¡, Ap Anf `yê$j_¡ kdN° L$pe®hN®_¡, ×íeâ`„Q_¡
rhL$pfu dpÓ S>¡ L$„B R>¡ s¡_¡ ""L|$V$'' `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡. s¡ rhL$pfu ""L|$V$''dp„ S>¡ AQm
A`qfhs®_iug A_¡ AìeL$s R>¡. s¡_¡ ""L|$V$õ\'' L$l¡hpe R>¡. Ap_¡ S> AÓ¡ Anf
`yê$j L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ dpep L¡$ âL©$rs R>¡ s¡ S> nf `yê$j L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ DÑd `yê$j
R>¡, s¡ sp¡ nf A_¡ Anf b„_¡ `yê$jp¡\u Sy>v$p¡ R>¡. nf `yê$j L$pe®hN® R>¡. Äepf¡ Anf
`yê$j A¡ L$pfZ R>¡. `f„sy DÑd `yê$j sp¡ L$pe® A_¡ L$pfZ b„_¡\u Þepfp¡ R>¡.
nf A_¡ Anf `yê$jp¡ b„_¡ S>X$ R>¡. Äepf¡ DÑd `yê$j Q¥sÞe\u âL$piL$Ðh\u
DÐL©$ô$ R>¡. dpV¡$ DÑd L$l¡hpe R>¡. Ap DÑd `yê$j_¡ S> `fdpÐdp A¡d L$üp¡ R>¡. s¡_p¡
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ìee L¡$ Acph kyjyràs L¡$ kdp^uL$pm¡ `Z S>Zpsp¡ _\u. `f„sy s¡ sp¡ kyjyrá A_¡
kdpr^_p¡ `Z kpnu S> R>¡. dpV¡$ ""Aìee'' R>¡.
cNhp_¡ ""õh'' dyM¡ S> `p¡sp_p¡ `qfQe `pfdpr\®L$ ×rô$A¡ L$fpìep¡. gp¥qL$L$
×rô$A¡ lz„ îuL©$óZ, kpfr\, `usp„bf^pfu L¡$ b„ku^f, dyfgu^f, fp^p_p„ dp¡l_,
Np¡`pg bpg, L¡$ ÜpfL$p^ui sfuL¡$ Ap¡mMpJ Ry>„ s¡ sp¡ dpfy„ nf `yê$jê$`u A_„sdp_y
A¡L$ ê$` R>¡. dpfu D`pr^ S> R>¡ lz„ hpõshdp„ s¡hp¡ nf `yê$j _\u, lz„ sp¡ Aê$`u
r_ê$`pr^L$ Ry>„ lz„ _\u âL©$rs L¡$ dpepê$`u bu.S>. Af¡ lz„ sp¡ L|$V$õ\$ dpep Aìe¼s
L¡$ Anf`yê$j\u `Z DÑd A_¡ `f Ry>„. Apd gp¥L$uL$ ×rô$A¡ lz„ nf`yê$j `Z _\u.
lz„ sp¡ Agp¥L$uL$ ApÐdsÐh S> Ry>„. b„_¡ `yê$jp¡\u Ak„N Ry>„. dpV¡$ S> iyÙ, byÙ, dy¼s
krQÃv$p_„v$_ õhê$` `fb°û Ry>„. A_¡ s¡ S> L$pfZ¡ `yê$jp¡Ñd ê$`¡ ârkÙ Ry>„. lz„ L$p¡B
õh„e_¡ r_:k„v¡$l ApÐdop_ Üpfp nf A_¡ Anf\u `f A_¡ DÑd SpZu iL$i¡.
`R>u sp¡ Äep„ îyrs L¡$ õd©rs_y„ îhZ Qpgsy„ li¡. Ðep„ s¡_¡ `p¡sp_y„ S> L$\_
L¡$ îhZ k„cmpi¡. s¡ Apòe® kp\¡ L$l¡i¡ ""Alp¡ Ald _dp¡ dled'' Apòe® A¡
R>¡ L¡$ d_¡ A„s¡ dpfp õhê$`¡ S> `pf¿ep¡ lz„ d_¡ S> _d_ L$fy„ Ry>„.
S>¡ Akd|Y$ (op_u `yê$j) R>¡ s¡ S> d_¡ `yê$jp¡Ñd sfuL¡$ ÅZ¡ R>¡. kh®dp„ dyS>
`fdb°û_¡ S> kh®cph\u Å¡, sp¡ L¡$ ÅZsp¡ s¡ op_u dy„S> Aìee `fd`v$_¡
`fd^pd_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡. cNhp_ Üpfp dy¼s L„$W¡$ Nhpe¡gp„ qv$ìe op__¡ Np¡`_ue L¡$
flõede ip dpV¡$ L$l¡hpey R>¡ ? fM¡ L$p¡B dyM® s¡_¡ `p¡sp_u Mp_Nu A_¡ `„qX$sp¡_u
rhÜhp_p¡_u BÅfpiplu kdS>¡. Ap sp¡ `fdpÐdp_y„ op_ R>¡. cNhp_¡ kh®_¡ dpV¡$ Ap
dp¡n ip÷ Nuspip÷_y„ sÐhop_ L¡$ ApÐdop_ Myëgy„ dyL¡$gy„ R>¡. Ap Ad©s_u MpZ
Myëgu R>¡. S>¡_u S>¡V$gu i[¼s lp¡e s¡V$gy„ Mp¡v¡$, g|„V$pe A¡V$gy„ g|„V¡$ cNhp_¡ op_pd©s_u
MpZ Myëgu sp¡ d|L$u s¡_¡ Ål¡f k„`rs sfuL¡$ Ål¡f sp¡ L$fu R>sp„ S>¡_p¡ s¡dp„ A[^L$pf
_\u. A¡V$g¡ L¡$ Nuspip÷_p„ hp¼ep¡_p„ N|Y$p\® Ncp®\® L¡$ gÿep\® kdS>hp_p¡ Ar^L$pf
_\u. s¡hp dpV¡$ s¡ S> Ål¡fdp„ dyL$pe¡gy„ dp¡nip÷ Ars Np¡`_ue L¡$ flõede R>¡.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-1` `yê$jp¡Ñd ep¡N
kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&
133
AÝepe : 16 v¡$hpkyfk„`v$ rhcpN ep¡N
234- Ap AÝepedp„ kpd kpd¡ Dc¡gu k¡_p„ S>¡hy„ S> R>¡ L$pfZ L¡$ v¡$hu
kykS>S> \B k„`rs_u kpd¡ ârsL$pf dpV¡$ Apkyfu k„`rs s¥epf Dcu R>¡. s¡hu S>
fus¡ kp[ÐhL$ h©rÑ kpd¡ spdrkL$ h©rÑAp¡ kv¹$NyZ kpd¡ vy$Ny®Z_u k¡_p„ tlkp rhfyÙ
Atlkp Å¡hp dm¡ R>¡. v¥$huk„`rs_¡ âpàs ìe[¼s_p„ gnZp¡ Ap â\d ïgp¡L$dp„
S>Zpìep„ R>¡.
( 1 ) ""Aced'' - Acesp rh_p„ Æh_dp„ L$v$u `Z kv¹$NyZp¡_p¡ rhL$pk \B
iL¡$ _l]. AqÜrse_y„ op_ S> ipðs kÐe_y„ v$i®_ L$fphu iL¡$. A_¡ s¡_p„
Üpfp S> Acesp âpàs \B iL¡$.
( 2 ) ""kÐhk„iyqÙ'' - A¡V$g¡ rQÑ_u r_d®msp S>¡dp„ fpN, Ö¡j, gp¡c, dp¡l,
Bjp®, dÐkf L¡$ Al„L$pf_p¡ Acph lp¡e A_¡ Acph Üpfp S> A„s:L$fZ_u iyqÙ
R>¡. L$pfZ L¡$ sdk NyZ r_h©s Üpfp \hp\u Aop__y„ AphfZ v|$f \hp\u
A_¡ fS>k NyZ v|$f \hp\u rhn¡` v|$f \pe R>¡.A_¡ s¡ Üpfp S> ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf
\B iL¡$ R>¡. dpV¡$ s¡_¡ kÐh k„iyqÜ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
( 3 ) ""op_ep¡N ìeh[õ\rs'' - sÐhop_dp„ s\p Ýep_ep¡Ndp„ r_›$p S>¡ r_f„sf
h¡v$p„s_p„ hp¼ep¡dp„ fdZ L$f¡ R>¡ kv¥$h âdpv$ A_¡ Apmk R>p¡X$u_¡ õhõhê$`_y„
A_yk„^p_ L$f¡ R>¡.
( 4 ) ""v$p_d'' - e\pi[¼s A_¡ îÙp`|h®L$ ep¡Áe `pÓ_¡ S>¡ L„$B _¥rsL$ dpN£
D`pS>®_ L$eȳ lp¡e s¡dp„\u ^_ L¡$ ^pÞe Ap`hy„.
( 4 ) ""v$d'' - B[ÞÖep¡_p„ k„ed A\p®s rhjep¡dp„ S>su fp¡L$hu, S>¡\u d_
brl®dyMu _ b_¡ A_¡ rhn¡` Ap¡R>p¡ \pe.
( 6 ) ""eo'' - ArÁ_lp¡Ó, îp¡seo, v¡$h-r`s©eo, op_eo, Apqv$ eo L$l¡hpe
R>¡. Aphp eop¡ L$f_pf v¥$huk„`rsey¼s L$l¡hpe R>¡.
( 7 ) ""õhpÝepe'' - î©rs, õd©rs A_¡ h¡v$p„sip÷p¡_y„ S>¡ AÝee_ R>¡ s¡_¡
õhõhê$`_y„ AÝee_ L¡$ tQs_ A¡ `Z õhpÝepe S> R>¡.

134
( 8 ) ""s`'' - ifuf d_ A_¡ hpZu_¡ fpS>rkL$ A_¡ spdrkL$ q¾$epAp¡dp„\u
`pR>p„ hpmhp A_¡ s¡dS> v¡$h, qØS>, Nyê$ rhÜhp_ Apqv$_y„ `|S>_ L¡$ s¡_u k¡hp
s` S> NZhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
( 9 ) ""ApS>®hd'' - d_, hpZu A_¡ L$pe®_u A¡L$ê$`sp_¡ A\p®s Æh__u
Ah¾$sp ApS>®hd L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
( 1 0 ) ""Atlkp'' - d_, hpZu A_¡ ifuf_p„ L$dp£\u L$p¡B_¡ `Z L$g¡i L¡$ vy$:M
_ `lp¢QpX$hy„ s¡.
( 1 1 ) ""kÐed'' - e\p\® cpjZ A¡V$g¡ kÐe.
( 1 2 ) ""A¾$p¡^'' - rh`fus k„Å¡Np¡dp„ ârsq¾$ep frls \B_¡ ip„rs fpMhu s¡ S>
A¾$p¡^ A_¡ r_rsnp Åmhhu s¡ `Z A¾$p¡^.
( 1 3 ) ""ÐepN'' - kh®L$d®am_u A`¡np L¡$ Apk[¼s_p¡ ÐepN, L$sp® L¡$ cp¡¼sp
cph_p¡ ÐepN, L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c_p¡ ÐepN, v¡$lprcdp__p¡ ÐepN.
( 1 4 ) ""ip[Þs:'' - rQÑ_p„ sdpd rhn¡`p¡_p¡ ÐepN, ^d®, A\® A_¡ L$p_p¡dp„\u
d__y„ D`fpd \hy„ A¡ S> kpQu ip[Þs R>¡.
( 1 5 ) ""A`¥iy_d'' - L$p¡B`Z ìe[…s_u N¡flpS>fudp„ _ sp¡ s¡_u t_v$p L$fhu L¡$
_ sp¡ s¡_p„ kpfp„-Mp¡V$p„ L$dp£ rhi¡ QpX$u Mphu s¡.
( 1 6 ) ""v$ep'' - d|„Np, vy$:Mu, A„^ L¡$ v$u_ c|sdpÓ `f L$ê$Zp L$fhu A_¡ s¡d_y„
kv$pe rls BÃR>hy„ s¡ S> v$ep R>¡.
( 1 7 ) ""Agp¡byàÐhd'' - rhjep¡_u D`[õ\rsdp„ `Z s¡dp„ Apõ¼s _ \hy„ L¡$
B[ÞÖep¡_p„ rhL$pf\u frls fl¡hy„.
( 1 8 ) ""dpv®$hd'' - hpZu A_¡ d__u d©×ysp A¡V$g¡ L¡$ S>¡_u hpZu Arâe L¡$
L$Vy$hQ_\u dy¼s R>¡.
( 1 9 ) ""ú]'' - riô$pQpf\u rhfyÙ ip÷ rhfyÙ L¡$ kdpS> rhfyÙ q¾$epAp¡dp„
gÄÅ lu_sp L¡$ `p`_u gpNZu A_ychhu s¡.

135
( 2 0 ) ""AQp`gd'' - hpZu d_ byqÙ A_¡ B[ÞÖep¡_¡ rhi¡j âep¡S>_ rh_p„
L$pe®dp„ âh©s _ \hp v¡$hu s¡.
( 2 1 ) ""s¡S>'' - S>¡_p„ Üpfp S> ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf \B iL$¡ s¡hu byqÙ.
( 2 2 ) ""ndp'' - Æh_dp„ Dcp \e¡gp„ ârsL|$m k„Å¡Np¡ L¡$ D`Öhp¡_¡ ârsq¾$ep
rh_p„ kl_ L$fhp_u ndsp_¡ ndp L$l¡ R>¡.
( 2 3 ) ""^©rs'' - ^¥e®, ^ufS>, A\p®s¹ rhL$V$ `qf[õ\rs kde¡ v¡$l B[ÞÖep¡, d_,
byqÙ_¡ ìepLy$m _ \hp v¡$hu.
( 2 4 ) ""ip¥Qd'' - ifuf A_¡ d__u iyqÙ, rhh¡L$ Üpfp hpk_p„ê$`u dm_¡ v|$f
L$fhp¡.
( 2 5 ) ""AÖp¡l'' - Arls L$f_pf_¡ `Z dpfhp_u BÃR>p _ \hu.
( 2 6 ) ""_prsdpr_sp'' - `p¡sp_¡ `|Äe L¡$ ârsr›$s dp_hp_p¡ Acph.
cNhp__¡ Ap Ly$g R>ìhuk (26) gnZp¡ Üpfp v¥$hu k„`rs_y„ hZ®_ L$eȳ R>¡.
v¥$hu k„`rs `yÎeL$dp£_p Dv$e \hp\u S>, s¡_u Arcìe[¼s ê$`¡ d_yóe_¡ Ap S>Þd¡
âpàs \pe R>¡. A_¡ s¡ dp¡n_y„ L$pfZ b_¡ R>¡.
cNhp_ lh¡ Apkyfu k„`rs_u k¡_p_p¡ `qfQe L$fph¡ R>¡. v$çc `p¡s¡ hpõshdp„
S>¡hp _\u s¡hp v¡$Mphp_p¡ âeÐ_ v$`® - S>¡ L$p¡B `p¡sp_p„ ifuf kp¥v$e¯ L¡$ ê$`, rhÛp
L¡$ Ly$m bpbsdp„ Myb Nh® L¡$ Od„X$ fpM¡ R>¡. s¡hu rQÑ_u [õ\rs_¡ v$`® L$l¡ R>¡.
Arcdp_, ¾$p¡^, `pfyóed (S>¡ L$p¡B L$X$hu L¡$ Arls L$f_pfu cpjp bp¡g¡) Aop_d
Ap kh£ Apkyfu k„`rshpmp_p„ k„v$c®dp„ S>Zphhpdp„ Apìep R>¡. v$ep, kÐe, ip¡^
A¡ fpnkp¡dp„ Å¡hp dmsu _\u. Apkyfu âL©$rs ^fph_pf kp¥ L$p¡B dyM® AiyÙ,
vy$fpQpfu A_¡ rdÕepcpju lp¡e R>¡. S>¡ L$p¡B L$pd, ¾$p¡^ A_¡ gp¡c hi \B_¡ kdõs
Apkyfu k„`rs_¡ õhe„_u rdëL$s L¡$ MÅ_p¡ dp_¡ R>¡. s¡hp kp¥ d_yóe sfuL¡$ S>Þdu_¡
`Z vy$:Mu \sp df¡ R>¡. vy$:Mu b_hp R>sp„ `Z dp¡lê$`u _ipdp„ dõs \B_¡ L$v$u
`Z L$ep„e ce _\u s¡hu c°p„rsdp„ S|>dsp, X$p¡gsp, kÐepkÐe, ^dp®^d® A_¡ b„^
dp¡n_p„ rhh¡L$\u kv$p_¡ dpV¡$ h„rQs S> fl¡ R>¡.

136
dydyny kp^L$_¡ ip÷_u dep®v$pdp„ flu_¡ ip÷p¡A¡ D`v¡$i¡gp„ L$d® ^d®_y„ S>
A_y›$p_ L$fhy„ Å¡BA¡.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-16 v¡$hpkyf k„` v$rhcpN ep¡N
kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

137
AÝepe : 17 îÙpÓe rhcpN ep¡N
ASy>®__p¡ âñ L„$BL$ A¡hp¡ R>¡ L¡$ l¡ L©$óZ ? S>¡ `yê$jp¡ ip÷ op_\u h„rQs
lp¡hp_p„ L$pfZ¡ S> ip÷_u Apop_y„ Dëg„O_ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡d R>sp„ s¡hp Å¡ AM„X$
îÙphpmp lp¡e ASy>®_ lp¡e s¡hp kp¥ î¡›$ `yê$jp¡_y„ A_yL$fZ L$f¡ R>¡. A¡ Þepe¡
ìehlpfdp„ A_yL$fZ L$fu_¡ S> L$d® L¡$ AL$d®_p¡ r_Z®e g¡sp lp¡e s¡hp gp¡L$p¡_u r_›$p
A\hp îÙp L¡$hu L$l¡hpe ? s¡ k„v$c®dp„ lh¡ Ap`Z¡ cNhp__p¡ DÑf Å¡BA¡. sdpd
âpZuAp¡ dpep L¡$ âL©$rs\u S>Þd¡gp„ R>¡. s¡\u dpep L¡$ âL©$rs_p„ NyZp¡ S> k„õL$pfNs
s¡d_pdp„ Aph¡. v$f¡L$ âpZu_u `|h®S>Þdp¡_p„ k„rQs L$dp£_p k„õL$pfp¡\u DÐ`Þ_ \e¡gu
îÙp `Z dpep_p„ ÓZ NyZ A_ykpf ÓZ âL$pf_u S> lp¡e R>¡. Apey, L$d®, ^_,
rhÛp A_¡ d©Ðey `p„Q¡e Æh Äepf¡ Nc®dp„ [õ\s lp¡e R>¡. Ðepf¡ S> `|h®k„õL$pf_ykpf
gMu _p„Mhpdp„ Aph¡gp„ lp¡e R>¡. Ap âdpZ¡ Sy>v$p Sy>v$p k„õL$pf A_¡ õhcphphpmu
ìe[¼sAp¡dp„\u kp[ÐhL$ k„`Þ_ `yê$jp¡ kÐhâ^p_ âL©$rshpmp L$l¡hpe R>¡. A_¡ s¡\u
s¡Ap¡ ArÁ_, fyÖ, Apqv$ v¡$hspAp¡_u v¥$rhL$ L$d® Üpfp kp[ÐhL$ îÙp\u `|Å L$f¡ R>¡.
fpS>ku L¡$ spdku âL©$rshpmp `yê$jp¡ ei, fpnk s\p c|sâ¡s_u D`pk_p„ L$f¡ R>¡.
hpk_p Api[¼s vy$fpN°l v„$c A_¡ Al„L$pf S>¡hp s¡d_p„ gnZp¡ `Z Apkyfu
k„`rs_p„ S> R>¡.
v$f¡L$ âpZu_u `p¡sp_u âL©$rs, NyZ, k„õL$pf, õhcph A_ykpf S> s¡_¡ kh®
âL$pf¡ râe lp¡e R>¡. Apeyóe d__u ×Y$sp, bm, s„vy$fõsu A_¡ râsu s\p kyM
h^pf_pfp MpÛ `v$p\p£ d^yf fkhpmp QuL$pkhpmp gp„bp kde ky^u ifufdp„ [õ\f
fl¡ s¡hp cÿe L¡$ cp¡S>epv$u kp[ÐhL$ d_yóe_¡ râe lp¡e R>¡. Ars v$pl L$f_pfp
dfQp„, gkZ, fpB hN¡f¡ âL$pf_p¡ Aplpf fpS>ku `yê$j_¡ râe lp¡e R>¡. S>¡ cp¡S>_
gp„bp kde ky^u fpMu dyL¡$gy„ S>¡_p¡ AÞ_ fk kyL$pB Nep¡ lp¡e s¡hy„ A¡V$g¡ L¡$ fp„Ýep
`R>u hpf„hpf Nfd L$f¡gy„ hpku A_¡ A¢W$p MpÛ `v$p\p£ A`rhÓ `v$p\p£ (Acÿe
dpkpqv$ `v$p\p£) spdku âL©$rshpmp_¡ Arsrâe lp¡e R>¡.
S>¡ `yê$jp¡ L$d®am_u A`¡np A_¡ Apk[¼s_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡ dpÓ eo L$fhp¡ îÙp
A_¡ c[¼s\u ey¼s \B_¡ kp[ÐhL$ eo L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. `f„sy S>¡ L$d®amdp„
Apk¼s \B_¡ am_u BÃR>p dpV¡$ S> A\p®s õhN® ârsr›$p qL$s} s\p `p¡sp_p Nh®
A_¡ v„$c_y„ `p¡jZ L$fhp dpV¡$ S> eo L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hp fpS>ku eo L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
S>¡ Ap¡ ip÷rhr^_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡ eo L$f¡ R>¡. s¡hp eo dp¡V$p cpN¡ d„Ólu_ v$rnZp
138
A_¡ b°ûcp¡S>_ frls s\p îÙp\u i|Þe S> lp¡e R>¡. s¡\u s¡hp eo_¡ spdrkL$ eo
L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
ArÁ_, ê$Ö, Apqv$Ðe, Apv$u v¡$h b°pûZ Nyfy s\p dpsp-r`sp ApQpe®
b°ûh¡spAp¡ rhÜp_p¡ L¡$ by^S>_p¡_y„ `|S>_ s¡dS> S>¡Ap¡dp„ `rhÓdp„ ApS>®hd¹ b°ûQe®
A_¡ Atlkp Apqv$ NyZp¡_y„ k¡h_ fl¡gy„ s¡d_y„ s¡ âL$pf_y„ hs®_ A¡ ifuf_y„ s`
L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ `yê$j buÅ_¡ vy$:M `lp¢QpX$sp¡ _\u. d^yf cpjZ L$f¡ R>¡. L$Z®râe
hQ_ bp¡g¡ R>¡. s¡_p„ Aphp hs®__¡ hpZu k„b„^ s` L$l¡hpe R>¡. d__u âkÞ_sp
s¡S> d__p¡ âkpv$ L$l¡hpe R>¡. kh®_u kp\¡ R>mL$`V$ frls iyÙ ApQpf rhQpf L¡$
ìehlpf_¡ dp_rkL$ s` L$l¡hpp„ Aph¡ R>¡. S>¡ `yê$jp¡ am_u A`¡np L¡$ Apk[¼s frls
\B_¡ `fd îÙp Üpfp D`fp¡¼s ÓZ âL$pf_p„ s`_¡ s`¡ R>¡. s¡hp `yê$j_p„ s`_¡
kp[ÐhL$ s` L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. S>¡ s` õhe„_p„ kÐL$pf L¡$ ârs›$p dpV¡$ Arhh¡L$uAp¡
Üpfp \pe R>¡. s¡hp s`_¡ fpS>i s` L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ s` Aop_ A_¡ d|Y$sp`yh®L$
vy$fpQpf Üpfp ifuf, d_, hpZu A_¡ Ahehp¡_¡ Ahehp¡_¡ `uX$p„ `lp¢QpX$hp dpV¡$
S> L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. A\hp AÞe_y„ Ar_›$ L$fhp dpV¡$ Apv$f¡gy„ lp¡e s¡_¡ spdk
s` L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
ip÷_u Apop L¡$ Apv¡$ip_ykpf v$p_ Ap`hy„ A¡ dpp¡Vy„$ ds®ìe S> R>¡ s¡hu
cph_p\u `p¡sp_¡ D`L$pf _ L$f_pfp_¡ `Z v¡$i, L$pm A_¡ `pÓ_p¡ rhQpf L$fu_¡
S>¡ v$p_ Ap`hpdp„ Aph¡ s¡ kp[ÐhL$ v$p_ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
S>¡ L$p¡B `Z âL$pf_p„ bv$gp_u cph_p\u dp_ bX$pB õhN£ÃR>p Apqv$_p„ L$p¡B
am_u BÃR>p\u \pe A\hp v$p_ Apàep `R>u L$p¡B hkhkp¡ ìe¼s L$fhpdp„ Aph¡
L¡$ ""d¢ c|g\u v$p_ Apàey„, Mf¡Mf sp¡ Ap`hp S>¡hy„ _ lp¡sy„'' s¡hp v$p__¡ fpS>k
v$p_ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. S>¡ v$p_ AÞe_p„ k„kpf dpV¡$ A`pe s¡ spdkuL$ v$p_ S> R>¡.
s¡hu S> fus¡ Å¡ dlpkÑpAp¡, L$p¡B`Z v¡$i_¡ rh_pd|ëe¡ A_pS>, v|$^_p¡ `phX$f,
v$hpAp¡, h÷p¡ hN¡f¡ v$p_dp„ Ap`¡ `Z s¡_u `pR>m Å¡ s¡ v¡$idp„ gíL$fu \pÏ„ Dcy„
L$fhp_p¡ l¡sy fl¡gp¡ lp¡e sp¡ s¡ blpf\u iyÙ v¡$Mpsy„ `rhÓ NZpsy„ v$p_ `Z A„s¡
sp¡ spdrkL$ S> lp¡e R>¡.
Ap k„kpf_p kh£ c|sp¡_p kpf `©Õhu R>¡; `©Õhu_p¡ kpf `pZu R>¡, `pZu_p¡
kpf AÞ_ R>¡, AÞ_p¡ kpf dp_h, dp_h_p¡ kpf hpZu, hpZu_p¡ kpf F>Nh¡v$
139
s¡dS> kpdh¡v$_p¡ kpf ±L$pf R>¡. A¡ ±L$pf b^p_p kpf ê$` R>¡. ""± ss¹ ks¹''
A¡ b°û_y„ S> _pd R>¡. S>¡_p DÃQpfZ dpÓ\u S> kh® v$p¡j_y„ r_hpfZ A_¡ `p`_y„
âperòs \pe R>¡, s¡\u, S>¡Ap¡ `p¡sp_p Aop__p„ L$pfZ¡ ip÷ rhr^ _ ÅZsp¡
lp¡e sp¡, s¡Ap¡A¡ îÙp`|h®L$ ""± ss¹ ks¹'' A¡ d„Ó_y„ DÃQpfZ L$fu_¡ L$p¡B`Z
L$pe® iê$ L$fhy„ A_¡ A„s¡ `Z s¡hp¡ d„Ó bp¡ghp¡ S>¡\u L$f¡gp L$pe®dp„ v$p¡j _ \pe.
A„sdp„ cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ îÙp rh_p L$p¡B`Z L$pe® kam \sy„ _\u.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-17 îÙpÓe rhcpN ep¡N
kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

140
AÝepe : 18 dp¡n k„Þepk ep¡N
ASy>®_ bp¡ëep: l¡ cNhp_ ! L©$`p L$fu_¡ k„Þepk A_¡ ÐepN_p sÐhp\®_¡ `©\L$
fus¡ d_¡ kdÅhp¡.
L$d®am_u A`¡np A_¡ Apk[¼s R>p¡X$u_¡ S>¡ L$dp®_y›$p_ L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ s¡dp„ v$p¡j
gpNsp¡ _\u. Ap âL$pf¡ L$dp®_y›$p_ L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ sp¡ rQÑiyqÙ_y„ am op_ dm¡
R>¡. A_¡ Ap op__y„ am dp¡n dm¡ R>¡. dy[¼s_p¡ l¡sy lp¡hp\u S> cNhp_¡ Aphp L$d®
rhi¡_p `p¡sp_p Arcâpe_¡ DÑddp„ DÑd L$üp¡ R>¡. âÐe¡L$ kp^L$ L¡$ dydyny op_`„\¡
âepZ L$fhp âh©s \e¡gp A_¡ dp¢Ou hõsyê$`u dp¡n_u âpràs dpV¡$ Æh_ Ly$fbp_
L$fhp sÐ`f b_¡gp„ rhh¡L$uA¡ s¡ õ`ô$ S> kdS>hp_y„ R>¡ L¡$ dpÓ L$d®_p¡ ÐepN S>
A_¡ s¡ `Z kdS>Z hNf_p¡ ÐepN, hp„TZp¡ R>¡. L$d® R>p¡X$hp_p„ _\u. `Z _¥óL$çe®
[õ\rsdp„ [õ\s \B_¡ op__u A¡hu Ac¡v$ `qf`¼hspA¡ `lp¢Qsp_u kp\¡ S>
dydyny\u k„kpfê$`u h©n_p¡ ÐepN Ap`p¡Ap` S> \B Åe, L$d®\u cecus \B L$d®_¡
vy$:M_u ep¡_u dp_u kdS>ep - rhQpep® hNf s¡_p¡ ÐepN L$fhp¡ s¡_p„ L$fsp sp¡,
L$d®_¡ r_ròsê$`¡ `L$X$hp `f„sy L$d®am_u A`¡np L¡$ Apk[¼s_¡ R>p¡X$hp s¡ h^y ep¡Áe
R>¡. s¡hp ÐepN Üpfp A_¡ L$d®dp„ Bðfp`®Z byqÙ lp¡e sp¡ s¡hp ÐepN_¡ S> AÓ¡
kp[ÐhL$ ÐepN L$l¡gp¡ R>¡.
op_u_¡ sp¡ õ`ô$ R>¡ L¡$ b„^ A_¡ dp¡n A¡ NyZ\u S> DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡. sdpd
NyZp¡ dpep_y„ S> kS>®_ R>¡. s¡\u op_u `p¡sp_¡ NyZpsus, kpnu, r_rh®L$pf ApÐdp
kdS>¡ R>¡. A_¡ dpV¡$ S> s¡_¡ b„^_ s\p dp¡n kp\¡ g¡idpÓ `Z k„b„^ _\u s¡
sp¡ ipðs ip„rs ê$`¡ `p¡sp_¡ S> S>Ns_y„ khp®r^›$p_ ÅZ¡ R>¡. k„`|Z® Nuspip÷_y„
A_¡ h¡v$p¡_y„ ApS> spÐ`e¯ R>¡.
cNhp_¡ L$d®_u rddp„kp L$fu_¡ õ`ô$ L$eȳ R>¡ L¡$ Bô$, Ar_ô$, L¡$ BÃR>pr_ô$
S>¡hp„ ÓZ¡e âL$pf_p„ L$d®, L$sp®cph, v¡$lprcdp_, L$dp®k[¼s, am_u Apk[¼s L¡$
A`¡np fpMu_¡ S>¡Ap¡ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ kp¥_¡ s¡_y„ am d©Ðey `R>u `Z âpàs \pe R>¡. `f„sy
dpÓ `fd¡ðf âuÐe\£ kh® L$d® `fd¡ðf_¡ S> kd`®Z_u cph_p\u S> L$f¡ R>¡. s¡d_p„
kh® L$d® op_ê$`u ArÁ_dp„ cõduc|s \B Åe R>¡. s¡\u op_u_¡ L$d®_p¡ S> _pi
\hp\u L$d®_y„ am L$p¡B `Z L$pm¡ dmsy„ _\u L¡$ s¡d_¡ L$p¡B b„^_dp„ _p„Msy„ _\u.

141
v¡$lpk¼s A_¡ L$dp®rcdp_u Aop_u_¡ vy$:M\u bQphhp dpV¡$ S> cNhp_¡ ApÐdp
r_[ó¾$e R>¡. D`pr^frls R>¡. L$sp®cp¡¼spcph\u dy¼s R>¡. s¡hy„ kdÅhhp dpV¡$ L$üy„
R>¡ L¡$, ""ApÐdp_y„ L¡$hg„ sy'' Aop_ L¡$ âdpv$\u `Z AL$sp®, kpnu Q¥sÞe. A_¡
Ak„N ApÐdp_¡ L$p¡BA¡ L$v$u L$sp® sfuL¡$ _ sp¡ Å¡hp¡ Å¡BA¡ L¡$ _ sp¡ ÅZhp¡ Å¡BA¡.
cNhp__u ASy>®__¡ Adf Op¡jZp R>¡ L¡$ L$sp®cph R>p¡X$u. Å¡ sy„ i÷ DW$phui
A_¡ ^dp®\£, L$ëepZp\£, õh^dp\£ eyÙ L$d®dp„ L|$v$u `X$ui sp¡ _ sp¡ s_¡ `p`_y„
b„^_ õ`i® L$fi¡ L¡$ _ sp¡ spfp L$p¡B `yÎeL$d® R|>V$u S>i¡. L$pfZ L¡$ sy„ sp¡ r_rdÑ
dpÓ R>¡. sy„ Ak„N R>¡, AL$sp® R>¡, Acp¡¼sp R>¡ dpV¡$ S> `yÎe `p`_u, b„^_-dp¡n_u,
L$sp®-cp¡¼sp_u v$uhpgp¡ Ap¡m„Nu_¡ ApÐdp_p _¥óL$çe® cphdp„ [õ\s \p A_¡ kpnucph¡
S>¡ L$fhy„ lp¡e s¡ L$f. sy„ sp¡ L$d®, L$sp®, cp¡¼sp, `yÎe `p` A_¡ kh® âL$pf_p am
L¡$ crhóe\u dy¼s A_¡ s¡ kh®\u Þepfp¡ R>¡.
op_, L$d® A_¡ L$sp®, kp[ÐhL$, fpS>rkL$ A_¡ spdrkL$ A¡hp NyZp¡_p„ c¡v$\u
ÓZ âL$pf_p lp¡e R>¡.
S>¡ op_ Üpfp d_yóe Sy>v$p Sy>v$p v¡$Mpsp„ kh® âpZuAp¡dp„ `Z Arhc¼s
ApÐdp_¡ AM„X$ A_¡ Arh_piu ÅZ¡ R>¡ A¡hp `fdpÐdp_p Ac¡v$ op__¡ ÅZ_pf
op_u_y„ op_ S> kp[ÐhL$ op_ L$l¡hpe R>¡. S>¡ op_ c¡v$_y„ kS>®_ L$f¡ R>¡. ce DÐ`Þ_
L$f¡ A_¡ d©Ðey âv$p_ L$f¡ A¡_¡ fpS>k op_ S> ÅZhy„. ApÐdp A_¡ Bðf v¡$lpL$pf
R>¡, kpL$pf R>¡, ârsdpL$pf R>¡ A_¡ s¡_p\u rcÞ_ L¡$ Sy>v$p¡ Bðf L¡$ ApÐdp lp¡B iL¡$
S> _rl, A¡hy„ op_ spdk op_ L¡$ rdÕepop_ `Z L$l¡hpe R>¡.
S>¡ L$d® L$sp®-cph_p Arcdp_\u dy¼s \B_¡, L$d®am_u A`¡np L¡$ Apk[¼s
rh_p L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ s¡hp r_óL$pd byqÙ Üpfp \e¡gp L$pe®_¡ kp[ÐhL$ L$d® L$l¡ R>¡.
S>¡ L$d® L$f_pfp¡ Al„L$pf ey¼s \B_¡ A¡V$g¡ L¡$ ""lz„k L$d®_p¡ L$sp® Ry>„'' A¡hp
Arcdp_ kp\¡ AÐe„s `qfîd\u L$d® L$f¡ R>¡ A_¡ L$d®amdp„ Apk¼s b_¡ R>¡, s¡hp
L$d®_¡ fpS>k L$d® L$l¡hpe R>¡.
S>¡ L$p¡B L$d® `qfZpd_p¡, A_\®_p¡, ne_p¡, L$d®\u \_pfu lpr__p¡, tlkp_p¡,
AÞe_¡ `uX$p dmhp Apqv$_p¡ rhQpf L$ep® hNf_y„ lp¡e Ðepf¡ s¡hp L$d®_¡ spdk L$d®
L$l¡hpe R>¡.
142
S>¡ L$p¡B L$pe®dp„ fpN Ö¡j\u dy¼s \B_¡, Apk[¼s flus b_u_¡, L$sp®cph
ÐepNu_¡, rkqÙ-ArkqÙdp„ kd byqÙ fpMu_¡, s¡hp L$d®_p L$sp®_¡ kp[ÐhL$ L$sp®
L$l¡hpe R>¡.
S>¡_p„ L$pep£ tlkpey¼s R>¡, AÞe_¡ `uX$p `lp¢QpX$_pfp R>¡, A`rhÓ R>¡, s¡hp
L$sp®_¡ fpS>k L$sp® L$l¡hpe R>¡.
""lp¡sp l¥ Qgsp l¥''_u cph_p\u L$p¡B`Z L$d®_¡ âL$pi _ ^fph_pfp âdpv$u
R>¡, A_¡ S>¡_p kh® Apf„cpe¡gp L$d® A^|fp„ S> `X$ép fl¡ R>¡ s¡hp¡ L$sp® spdk L$sp®
L$l¡hpe R>¡.
l¡ ^_„S>e ! byqÙ A_¡ - ^©rs_p c¡v$ S>¡ ÓZ âL$pf_p R>¡ s¡ kp„cm S>¡ byqÙ
âh©rÑ A\p®s b„^__p dpN®_¡ L¡$ â¡ei_¡ A_¡ r_h©rÑ A¡V$g¡ dp¡n dpN® L¡$ î¡ek
_¡ rhh¡L$`|h®L$ ÅZ¡ R>¡, s¡hu byqÙ_¡ kp[ÐhL$ byqÙ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
S>¡ L$p¡B ^d® A_¡ A^d® s\p L$s®ìe A_¡ AL$s®ìe_¡ A\p®s ê$`¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡hu
byqÙ_¡ fpS>k byqÙ L$l¡hpe R>¡.
l¡ ASy>®_ ! S>¡ A^d® _¡ ^d®, AkÐe_¡ kÐe sfuL¡$, b„^__¡ dp¡n sfuL¡, A¡
k^mp rhjep¡_¡ rh`fus fus¡ ÅZ_pfu byqÙ _¡ spdiu byqÙ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
l¡ `p\® ! d_, âpZ A_¡ BÞÖuep¡_u brl®dyMu h©rÑ_¡ fp¡L$u_¡, S>¡ A„sdy®Mu h©rs
fpM¡ R>¡. s¡hu ^©rs_¡ kp[ÐhL$ ^©rs L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. am_u BÃR>phpmp¡ `yê$j S>¡
^©rs Üpfp M|b Aprks\u ^d®, A\® A_¡ L$pd_¡ S>¡ fus¡ ^pfZ L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ ^©rs_¡
fpS>ku ^©rs L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
l¡ `p\® ! S>¡ ^©rs Üpfp ×yô$byqÙhpmp¡ `yê$j r_Öp, ce, ip¡L$, tQsp, vy$:M,
dv$ A_¡ ip÷ rhfyÙ_p rhjecp¡N_¡ R>p¡X$u iL$sp¡ _\u s¡hu ^©rs_¡ spdku ^©rs
L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡.
l¡ cfsî¡›$ ! lh¡ sy„ ÓZ âL$pf_p„ kyM_y„ îhZ L$f S>¡ rhiyÙ A_¡ r_d®m
byqÙ \u ""sÐhs: lz„ ks¹ rQs¹ A_¡ Ap_„v$ õhê$` Ry>„.'' s¡hp¡ kpnpÐL$pf \B iL¡$
R>¡, s¡hu b°ûpL$pf byqÙ Üpfp DÐ`Þ_ \e¡gp ipðs kyM_¡ kp[ÐhL$ kyM L$l¡hpe,
s¡ S>Þd d©Ðey_p¡ ce vy$f L$f_pfy„ A_¡ vy$:M_p âhpl_¡ ip„s L$f_pfy„ kyM lp¡hp\u s¡_¡
143
Ad©s kdp_ L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. s¡ kp[ÐhL$ kyM Apf„cdp„ rhj kdp_ R>¡.
S>¡ rhje A_¡ B[ÞÖep¡_p k„ep¡N\u DÐ`Þ_ \_pfy„ kyM R>¡. _¡ `°pf„cdp„ Ad©s
kdp_ S>Zpe R>¡. `f„sy A„s¡ Apgp¡L$ A_¡ `fgp¡L$_p vy$:M_y„ S> L$pfZ b_¡ R>¡ s¡\u
s¡ rhj kdp_ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> s¡_¡ fpS>k kyM L$l¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. S>¡ kyM cp¡NL$pm¡
Apf„cdp„ A_¡ cp¡N cp¡Nìep `R>u A„s¡ ApÐdp_¡ dp¡rls L$f_pfy„ `Z R>¡. Aop__u
h©qÙ L$fhphpmy„ R>¡; s¡hy„ r_„Öp, Apmk A_¡ âdpv$\u DÐ`Þ_ \e¡gy„ kyM spdk
L$l¡hpe R>¡.
l¡ `p\® ! Ap S>Nsdp„ S>¡ L„$B âL©$rs Üpfp DÐ`Þ_ \e¡gy„ R>¡, s¡ kh® L„$B
rÓNyZpÐdL$ dpep L¡$ âL©$rs_y„ S> L$pe® lp¡hp\u rÓNyZpÐdL$ S> R>¡. c|gp¡L$dp„,
`pspmdp„, õhN®dp„ A\hp b°ûpqv$ v¡$h hN¡f¡dp„ A¡hy„ L$p¡B `Z âpZu _\u L¡$ S>¡
dpep_p ÓZ¡e NyZp¡\u (kÐh, fS>k A_¡ sdk) dy¼s lp¡B iL¡$ s¡\u A¡hu i„L$p
ÅNu iL¡$ L¡$ L$p¡B`Z ìe[¼s NyZp¡_y„ Ars¾$dZ L$fu iL¡$ _l] A_¡ L$p¡B_u `Z
dy[¼s k„chu iL¡$ _l] A¡hu i„L$p_y„ kdp^p_ Ap`sp„ cNhp_ S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ Aphu
i„L$p hpS>bu _\u L$pfZ L¡$ Å¡ âÐe¡L$ `yê$j `p¡s `p¡sp_p NyZ A_¡ õhcph_¡
A_ykfu_¡ r_óL$pdL$dp£ Üpfp `fdpÐdp_y„ r_qv$Ýepk_ L$fhp_p¡ âeÐ_ L$f¡ sp¡
rQsiyqÙ âpàs L$fu_¡ r_qv$Ýepk_ amõhê$` op__¡ d¡mhu iL¡$ R>¡ A_¡ op__p
amõhê$`¡ A„s¡ s¡Ap¡ dp¡n_¡ S> âpàs L$f¡ R>¡.
S>¡ `fb°û Üpfp S>Ns_u DÐ`rs, [õ\rs A_¡ ge \pe R>¡ S>¡_p\u sdpd c|s
DÐ`Þ_ \pe R>¡ A_¡ A„s¡ kp¥ rhgu_ \pe R>¡ s¡ S> `fb°û R>¡. k©rô$_p„ kS>®_lpf
b°ûp\u dp„X$u_¡ s©Z ky^u_p„ kdõs c|sdpÓdp„ S>¡ L„$B âh©rÑ Å¡hpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ s¡
`fb°û_u ksp A_¡ õawrs®\u S> \su lp¡e R>¡. Ap b°û S> S>Ns_y„ ArcÞ_r_rds
D`pv$p_ L$pfZ R>¡. S>Ns L$pe® R>¡ b°û L¡$ Bðf s¡_y„ L$pfZ R>¡. L$pfZ lp¡hp\u Bðf
s¡_p„ L$pe®dp„ ìepàs R>¡ s¡\u AÏdpÓ `Z Bðf\u rcÞ_ _\u. L$s®ìey„ Arcdp_
A_¡ L$d® L¡$ am_u ApkqL$s_¡ s¡ `fd¡ðf_p„ QfZp¡dp„ S> A`®Z L$fu_¡ d_yóe
BðfL©$`p Üpfp kp^_iyqÙ A\p®s rkqÙ_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡, kOmp rhjep¡dp„ S>¡
Apk[¼sfrls ÆhpÐdp A_¡ õ`©lpfrls R>¡. `p¡sp_¡ L$d®, am A_¡ L$ê$Zfrls,
ApÐdõhê$`¡ r_[ó¾$e ÅZhy„ s¡ S> kpQu ApÐd[õ\rs R>¡. Aphu ApÐd[õ\rs A¡ S>
k„Þepk A\hp op_dp„ Mfu `X¡$gp„ kh®L$dp£ê$`u L$d® ÐepN R>¡. Apd ÐepN Üpfp
âNV¡$gp¡ L$d®k„Þepk A¡V$g¡ `p¡sp_¡ A`fp¡n fus¡ \e¡gy„ ApÐdop_, Aphp b°ûop_
144
L¡$ op_r_›$p dpV¡$ L$p¡B`Z âL$pf_p âeÐ__u AphíeL$sp _\u L$pfZ L¡$ b°û L¡$
ApÐdp õhe„ rkÙ R>¡. kp¥ L$p¡B_¡ r_Ðe âpàs S> R>¡. s¡ kp¥_p¡ A„sep®du R>¡.
kp¥_u ùv$eNyapdp„ [õ\s R>¡, R>sp„ S>¡ NyfyL©$`p\u h„rQs R>¡, îyrs õd©rs L¡$
ip÷p¡_p kp„r_Ýe\u v|$f R>¡ s¡hp dpV¡$ s¡ `pk¡dp„ `pk¡ lp¡hp„ R>sp„ s¡ Arsv$|f R>¡.
ApÐdhõsy A¡ L„$B âpàs L$fhp_u hõsy _\u `Z ÅZhp_u hõsy R>¡ A_¡ s¡
`Z Ac¡v$cph¡ `p¡sp_p õhê$`¡ S> ApÐdp_¡ ÅZhp_u hps R>¡. op_r_›$p dpV¡$
âeÐ__u S>ê$f _\u, kd\® Ar^L$pfu `fdb°ûdp„ [õ\f \e¡gp¡, r_d®m A„s:L$fZhpmp¡,
L$p¡B`Z hõsy dpV¡$ ip¡L$ L$fsp¡ _\u, L$p¡B`Z `v$p\®_u BÃR>p L$fsp¡ _\u, Aphp¡
ip¡L$-dp¡l\u dy¼s \e¡gp¡, kOmp âpZuAp¡dp„ kdp_cphhpmp¡ A\p®s kh®dp„ dpÓ
A¡L$ Acphfrls, ApÐdp_¡ S> Å¡_pfp¡ cNhp__u â¡dgnZp c[¼s_¡ S> `pd¡ R>¡.
sÐh\u d_¡ ÅZ_pf `y_®S>ÞdS>_¡ âpàs \sp¡ _\u. Äepf¡ s¡ b°ûo, b°û_¡
ÅZu_¡ b°û \B Åe R>¡ Ðepf¡ s¡ S>Þd-d©Ðey_p Q¾$\u dy¼s S> \B Åe R>¡.
Apd, b°û_¡ S>¡ L$p¡B Apqv$-dÝe A_¡ A„sfrls, õhe„âL$pi, k[ÃQv$p_„v$
õhê$` ApÝe sfuL¡$, `fpc[¼s Üpfp r_f`¡n ê$`¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡ s¡ S> b°û_¡ sÐh\u
r_Ny®Z A_¡ kNyZ b„_¡ õhê$`¡ s\p kp¡`pr^L$ A_¡ r_ê$`pr^L$ fus¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡, s¡hp
opsp_p¡ S> ×Y$ r_òe R>¡ L¡$ kNyZ A_¡ r_Ny®Z b°û AM„X$, Ac¡v$ `|Z® A¡L$ A_¡
AqÜsue R>¡.
250-l¡ ASy>®_ ! sy„ rhiyÙ d_\u ""lz„ L$sp® _\u, Bðf L$sp® R>¡'' ""L$sp® A_¡
cp¡¼sp S>_pv®$_ R>¡.'' A`®Z `Z b°û R>¡ A_¡ lrh `Z b°û R>¡. A¡hu b°S>dp`®Z
byqÙ Üpfp kh® L$dp£ dyS> `fd¡ðf_¡ S> kdr`®s L$fu_¡ `fdNrs dp_u_¡ A_Þe byqÙ
ep¡N_p¡ Apîe gB_¡ dpfpdp„ S> rQÑ_¡ kdr`®s L$f, kv$p kh®v$p kh®Ó khp®hõ\pAp¡dp„
dpfp S> v$i®_ L$f d_¡ ÅZ dpfy„ S> îhZ L$f A_¡ r_f„sf dpfp¡ S> Aæepk L$f
kss b°û cph_p„ Üpfp sy„ dyS> `fb°ûdp„ rQÑ_¡ A¡L$pN° L$fu_¡ dpfp L©$`pâkpv$\u
khp®Ðdv$i®__p¡ Ar^L$pfu \B_¡ kh® vy$N® A\hp QY$hpdp„ Ars L$`fp qL$ëgp L¡$ L$p¡V$
ê$`u ArhÛp, L$pd, ¾$p¡^, gp¡c s\p k„kpf_p„ sdpd vy$:Mp¡_¡ A_pepk¡ sfu S>Bi.
"dÞe_p„ ch„ sy„ dpfpdp„ A¡L$pN¡ rQÑhpmp¡ \p' L$pfZ L¡$ op_ Üpfp S>¡ L$B
ÅZhp S>¡hy„ R>¡ s¡ lz„ hpkyv¡$h S> `fb°û õhê$` Ry>„. S>¡ L$p¡B ìe[¼s Üpfp S>¡ L$B
s`òep® L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡ s¡ dyS> hpkyv¡$h_¡ âpàs L$fhp dpV¡$ S> lp¡e R>¡. sdpd
145
L$dp£_y„ A_y›$p_ `Z dyS> hpkyv¡$h_u râsu âpràs dpV¡$ S> L$fhpdp„ Aph¡ R>¡. dpV¡$
sy„ sdpd kp^_p¡\u kpÝe A¡hp dy„S> k[ÃQv$p_„v$_ ê$` hpkyv¡$hdp„ rQÑ_p¡ ge L$fu_¡
A¡L$pN° \p - dpfp rkhpe AÞe L$p¡B tQs_, d__ L¡$ q_qv$Ýepk__p¡ rhje lp¡e
iL¡$ S> _l].
""dÛpÆ ch'' - dpfy„ S> `|S>_ L$f_pfp¡ \p L$pfZ L¡$ lz„ S> kh® eo_y„ gÿe
Ry>„. kh® L$d®_y„ am Ry>„ kh£ L$dp£ d_¡ A`®Z L$fu_¡ L$fhp s¡ S> dpfu kh®î¡›$ `yÅ
R>¡. kh®dp„ dpfp v$i®_ L$fhp A_¡ dyS> S>NsL$sp®_¡ S> k„kpfê$`u L$pe®dp„ Å¡hp¡ s¡ S>
S>NsrL$fspf_y„ kpQy„ qL$s®_ R>¡. kh® ifuf rcÞ_ Å¡hp R>sp„ s¡dp„ fl¡gp Ac¡v$ -
ApÐdp_¡ Å¡B_¡ kh®_¡ kpô$p„N v„$X$hs¹ âZpd L$fu_¡ s¡d_u `yÅ L$f, A„s¡ sp¡ s¡
dpfu S> `yÅ R>¡. kh®^dp®ÞeqfÐeS>e dpd¡L„$ ifZ„ h°S>.
kh®^dp®ÞeqfÐeÄe dpd¡L„$ ifZ„ h°S> —&
Al„ Ðhp„ kh®`p`¡æep¡ dp¡n reóepdu dp iyQ: —&&
l¡ ASy>®_ ! kh® ^dp£_p¡ ÐepN L$f A_¡ S>¡ kh®^d®_p ÐepN_p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡. s¡dp„
kh®L$d®_p k„Þepk_p¡ D`v¡$i kdpe¡gp¡ R>¡ A_¡ kp\¡ S> op_ r_›$p_p¡ D`k„lpf `Z
S>Zpìep¡ R>¡. ApÐdkpnpÐL$pf A\£ õh®õh_p¡ `qfÐepN L$fhp¡ Å¡BA¡. A\p®s kÐe
A_¡ AkÐe, ^d® A_¡ A^d®, Apgp¡L$ A_¡ `fgp¡L$_p cp¡Np¡_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡
ApÐdp_u S> Mp¡S>$ L$fhu Å¡BA¡ dpV¡$ cNhp__p¡ k„v¡$i R>¡ L¡$ kh®^dp£_p¡ ÐepN L$fu_¡
rh^u\u k„Þepk L$fu ""dpd¡L$ ifZ„ h°S>'' ""L¡$hg dpfp A¡L$gp_¡ ifZ¡ Å'' ""lz„
A_¡ Ap kh® L$p„B, b°û S> R>¡'' A¡hu b°û cph_p L$f. b°ûdp„ A¡hy„ sv$pL$pf \hy„
s¡ S> `fb°û_¡ ifZ¡ S>hy„ R>¡. A„s¡ sp¡ v$f¡L¡$ `p¡s¡ S> `p¡sp Üpfp `p¡sp_¡ ifZ¡
S>hp_y„ R>¡ A_¡ dpV¡$ S> kdS>hp_y„ R>¡ L¡$ `p¡sp_p ìe[¼sÐh_¡ Ap¡m¿ep rh_p `p¡sp_p
ArõsÐh_¡ `pdu iL$pe s¡d _\u.
Al„L$pf_p¡ ge L$ep® rh_p, ""Ald¹'' õhê$` ÓZ¡ Ahõ\p_p kpnu A¡hp
k[ÃQv$p_„v$ b°û_¡ âpàs L$fu iL$pe s¡d _\u A_¡ Al„L$pf_u kp\¡ D`pr^ A_¡
s¡_p ^d®_u k„Np\¡ `Z `fb°û_¡ ifZ¡ S>hpe s¡d _\u dpV¡$ S> dydynyhN® dpV¡$
îu L©$óZ `fdpÐdp_¡ r_d„ÓZ dp¡L$ëey„ R>¡-kd`®Z_y„-ifZpNrs_y„ A_¡ r_d„ÓZdp„
g¿ey„ R>¡ L¡$ Al„L$pf_¡ Xy$bpX$u _¡, D`pr^ ^d®_¡ ÐeÆ_¡, L$sp®cph A_¡ L$d®_¡ R>p¡X$u_¡,
sy„ Äep„ R>¡ Ðep„ [õ\f \B Å A_¡ kpnucph¡ Å¡ep L$f'' Å¡ s_¡ spfp\u AÞe
146
L$p¡B`Z rcÞ_ ê$`¡ v¡$Mpi¡ sp¡ Ðep„ k„kpf li¡, A_¡ sy„ k„kpfu v¡$l^pfu lp¡Bi. Å¡
sy„ v¡$lprcdp_u R>¡ sp¡ dpfp¡ ddcph L¡$ ""ddÐh'' R>¡ A\p®s¹ ""dpfy„ ifuf R>¡'' ""sp¡
dpf¡ S>Þd, dp¡s, L$d®, am, Æh_, crhóe kh® L$p„B R>¡.'' `Z Å¡
ApÐdrhQpfZp\u, l¡ dydyny ? spfp¡ Al„L$pf _ô$ \ep¡ R>¡, v¡$lprcdp_ _\u sp¡ Äep„
""lz„ _\u'' sp¡ ""dpfy„ L$ep„ ?'' ""Å¡ L„$B dpfy„ _\u sp¡ `fpey L¡$hy„ ?'' Å¡ lz„ L$sp®
_\u sp¡ dpf¡ L¡$hy„ `yÎeL$d® L¡$ `p`L$d® ! Apd ApÐdp rhQpfZp _\u lz„ L$sp®,
cp¡¼sp _\u dpf¡ L$d®, q¾$ep, am L¡$ Nrs. s¡ kh® ^dp£ sp¡ Al„L$pf_p õhuL$pfdp„
R>¡. L$sp®cp¡¼sp sp¡ D`pr^_p„ ^d® R>¡, r_ê$`pr^L$ ApÐdp_p _l]. Apd Äepf¡ D`pr^
^d®_p¡ ÐepN \i¡, Al„L$pf rhgu_ \i¡, Ðepf¡ S> ifZpNrs i¼e b_i¡.
ifZ¡ S>hy„ A¡V$g¡ S>¡d kqfsp _pd A_¡ ApL$pf_y„ rhkS>®_ L$fu_¡ kpNfdp„ L|$v$u
`X¡$ R>¡ `R>u õhe„ kpNf sfuL¡$ `p¡sp_¡ ÅZ¡ R>¡, s¡d v$f¡L¡$ Q¥sÞe_p„kpNfdp„
AM„X$pL$pf L¡$ b°ûpL$pfh©rÑ âhpl_p„ A„rsd qL$_pfp_y„ Apg„b_ ÐeÆ_¡ L|$v$u `X$hp_y„
R>¡. h©rÑi|Þe, c¡v$i|Þe, _pd A_¡ ApL$pf, i|Þe, v¡$iL$pm A_¡ hõsy `qfÃR>¡v$i|Þe,
Q¥sÞe_p ks¹ õhê$`, op_ õhê$`, A_„s Akud dlpkpNf sfuL¡$ S> `p¡sp_¡
ÅZhp_y„ R>¡. A¡hy„ `p¡sp_¡ ÅZhy„ L¡$ Ap¡mMhy„ A¡ S> kpQu ifZpNrs R>¡, s¡dp„ kh®
L$p„B b°ûde R>¡.
Af¡ ! sy„ tQsp R>p¡X$, Æh b°û_p A¥¼e_p op_ Üpfp spfu _pd A_¡ ê$`_u
c¡v$de k©róV$_p¡ ApÐe„rsL$ âge L$fphu_¡ op_dp„ k„kpf_p¡ bp^ L$fphu_¡ lz„ s_¡
kdÐh_p kpd°pS>e `f Apê$Y$ L$fphui. ApÐd kpd°pS>e D`f spfp¡ fpÄeprcj¡L$ lh¡
r_ròs R>¡. sy„ Ac¡v$, Adf Q¥sÞe_p¡ A_„s kpNf R>¡, dpV¡$ cedy¼s \p, ip¡L$frls
\p. syS> Adf, AS>Þd, r_[ó¾$e, ArstÞÖfp kyM õhê$` R>¡, dpV¡$ ""dp iyQ:!''
Apd Ap AÝepedp„ dy[¼s_u ey[¼s bsphu R>¡ s¡\u s¡_¡ ""dp¡n-k„Þepkep¡N'' L$üp¡
R>¡.
S>¡ L$p¡B c[¼sfrls lp¡e A_¡ S>¡_u `pk¡ c¼s_y„ ùv$e _ lp¡e s¡_¡ `Z Ap
op__p¡ D`v¡$i Ap`hp¡ _l]. Å¡ L$p¡B s`õhu lp¡e sp¡ c[¼scph\u A`|Z®, A^|fp¡
L¡$ h„rQs lp¡e s¡hp Nuspip÷_p op__p¡ Ar^L$pfu _\u.
A\p®s S>¡ Nyê$ Bðf_u c[¼s\u frls lp¡e s¡hp Ac¼s Nuspop__p¡ Ar^L$pf
_\u. Apd s`frls_¡, Ac¼s_¡, k¡hp _ L$f_pf_¡ A_¡ ip÷_u, op__u A_¡
147
cNhp__u t_v$p L$f_pf_¡, Ap op_ L$v$u `Z L$l¡hy„ _l].
cNhp_¡ S>Zpìey„ R>¡ L¡$ L$p¡B Ap `fd `yê$jp\®de Nuspip÷, S>¡ Ars Np¡`r_e
A_¡ flõe ey¼s R>¡ s¡_¡ dpfp c¼sp¡dp„ L$l¡ s¡ d_¡ S> `pdi¡. L¡$hm cNhp__y„ S>
ifZ õhuL$pf_pf c¼sp¡dp„, ApÐdsÐh_p„ rS>opiy c¼sp¡dp„, S>¡ L$p¡B r_õhp\®
byqÙA¡, dpÓ `fd L$ëepZ_p„ DØ¡íe\u S> Nuspip÷_p¡ D`v¡$i L$fi¡ A¡V$g¡ L¡$ S>¡hu
fus¡ kdÄep¡ R>¡ s¡hu S> fus¡ AÞe_¡ kdÅhi¡ s¡ dyS> `fdpÐdp_u `fpc[¼s _¡
âpàs L$fu_¡ A„s¡ d_¡ S> âpàs L$fi¡. S>¡ L$p¡B op_u, k„s L¡$ Æh_ dy¼s `yê$j
Nusp¡`v¡$i AÞe_¡ k„cmph¡ R>¡, s¡ `yê$j kdN° k©rô$_p„ `yê$jp¡dp„ î¡›$ R>¡. L$pfZ
L¡$ s¡ dpfy„ Ars râe L$f_pfp¡ R>¡.
l¡ `p\® Nusp sp¡ dpfy„ ùv$e R>¡. ""Nusp d¢ l×e„ `p\®'' dpV¡$ dpfp ùv$e_u
hps_p¡ Ac¡v$ op__p¡ S>¡ Nusp¡`v¡$i Üpfp âQpf L$f¡ R>¡ s¡ dpfp L$pe®_¡ `yfy L$fhp_y„
L$pe® L$f¡ R>¡. dpfp râe L$pe®_¡ S> rhõspf¡ R>¡. dpV¡$ lz„ Ål¡f L$fy„ Ry>„ L¡$ Nuspip÷_¡
S>¡ L$p¡B âhQ_, ìep¿ep_ L¡$ rinZ Üpfp c¼sp¡_¡, dydyny_¡ L¡$ kp^L$_¡ N°„\ê$`¡
L¡$ A\® sÐh\u S>Zph¡ R>¡ s¡_p\u h^y râe d_¡ L$p¡B `Z hs®dp_dp„ v¡$Mpsp¡ _\u.
l¡ ASy>®_ ! S>¡ L$p¡B Nuspip÷Ns Ap`Zp b„_¡ _p„ dp¡n A`ph_pfp ^d®ey¼s
k„hpv$_y„ A\®op_ `|h®L$ AÝee_ L$fi¡, s¡_¡ lz„ op_ âv$p_ L$fu_¡ k„kpf b„^_\u
dy¼s L$fui. L$pfZ L¡$ Aphy„ AÝee_ A¡ S> op_eo R>¡. A_¡ Öìeeo\u S> `Z
s¡ î¡›$ R>¡. Aphp op_eo\u S> `|rS>s \pJ Ry>„ L$pfZ L¡$ kh® L$d® op_dp„ `|Z®
\pe R>¡. S>¡ op_ L$dp£_¡ `|Z® L$f¡ R>¡ s¡hp ApÐdop__u Ac¡v$sp A_¡ AqÖrsesp\u
S> lz„ `|rS>s \pD Ry>„. dpV¡$ Aphu Æh_dy[¼sv$pÓu Nusp_y„ AÝee_ L$fhy„ Å¡BA¡.
S>¡ d_yóe Nusp_p„ h¼sp îu L©$óZ `fd¡ðfdp„ A_¡ õhe„ Nuspip÷dp„
îÙphp_ \B_¡, k„v¡$l rh_p„, v$p¡j×rô$\u dy¼s \B_¡ îhZ L$fi¡. s¡hp¡ kp^_
k„`Þ_ A[^L$pfu _ lp¡e sp¡ `Z s¡ `p`L$dp£\u dy¼s \B_¡ `yÎeL$d® L$f_pfpAp¡_p„
õhNp®v$u î¡›$ gp¡L$p¡_¡, kv¹$Nrs_¡ âpàs \B, Ðep„_p Ane kyM-cp¡N_¡ cp¡Nhu_¡
A„s¡ d_¡ S> âpàs L$fi¡. sp¡ `R>u îuL©$óZ_y„S> h¼sìe ÅZi¡. s\p õhe„ ASy>®_
S>¡hp¡ îp¡sp b_i¡ A_¡ ""õh'' õhê$`_u ipðs ip„rs_y„ `y_:õdfZ L$fu, ip¡L$-
dp¡l\u dy¼s \i¡.

148
ASy>®__u lj£[Þdpv$ kp\¡_u kpQp ùv$e_u Ap r_Mpgk L$b|gps R>¡ L¡$ l¡
cNhp_ ! Ap`_u Agp¥qL$L$ L©$`p A_¡ qv$ìe A_yN°lê$`u âkpv$ Üpfp ""sÐhâkpv$ps¹''
Ap`_p Ad©sp¡`v¡$i\u Ap`_u dp¡l_piL$ b°ûrhÛp\}, Ap`¡ D`v¡$i¡gp„ Ac¡v$
ApÐdop_\u ""dp¡l: _ô$'' dpfp¡ dp¡l _ô$ \ep¡ R>¡.
l¡ âcp¡ ! k„`|Z® A_\p£_y„ L$pfZ Aop_S>r_s R>¡. S>¡ dlpdp¡l R>¡. s¡_p¡ S>
kh®_pi \ep¡ R>¡. Ap`_p„ QfZp¡dp„ l¡ Nyê$v¡$h ! lz„ _s dõsL$ r_h¡v$_ L$fy„ Ry>„ L¡$
Ap`_u L©$`p_p `ph_ âkpv$ ê$`¡ S> d_¡ dpfp ApÐdõhê$`_u õd©rs âpàs \B R>¡.
""õd©rs gå^p'' A_¡ lh¡ d_¡ kdÅey„ R>¡ L¡$ S>¡ ApÐdp L¡$ b°û r_fpL$pf,
kh®ìepàs, r_Ðedy¼s, Aifufu, AS>Þdp„, kÐe, op_, A_¡ A_„s õhê$` R>¡.
v¡$iL$pm A_¡ hõsy\u A`qf[ÃR>Þ_ R>¡. L|$V$õ\, r_[ó¾$e, `|Z® A_¡ ipÞsõhê$` R>¡.
s¡ lz„ S> Ry>„. s¡hu d_¡ dpfp `p¡sp rhi¡_u = õhpÐdsÐhrhjeL$ õd©rs âpàs \B
R>¡. l¡ rhcp¡ ! Ap` S> dpfp Nyê$ A_¡ `fd¡ðf R>p¡ Ap` S> dpfp A„sfpÐdp R>p¡
A_¡ Ap`¡ S>Zpìey„ R>¡ s¡d S> op_u c¼s sfuL¡$ lz„ S> Ap`_p¡ ApÐdp Ry>„, s¡\u
S> ApS>¡ lz„ ^Þe ^Þe \ep¡ R>y„. dpV¡$ S> l¡ âcy ! Ap`_¡ A_„s L$p¡qV$ _dõL$pf
lp¡.
k„S>e S>Zph¡ R>¡ L¡$ l¡ fpS>_ d¢ `fd Nyê$ h¡v$ìepk_u Akud L©$`p Üpfp
qv$ìeQny_u op_i[¼s A_¡ îhZ i[¼s\u k„`Þ_ \B_¡ dp¡n_p„ Ap `fd
kp^__y„ AÐe„s flõede A_¡ Np¡`_ue op_ep¡N_y„ kpnps ep¡N¡ðf cNhp_ îu
L©$óZQ„Ö_p„ dyMpfthv$\u L$l¡hpe¡gy„ îhZ L$eȳ R>¡. dpV¡$ S> lz„ ^Þe A_¡ L©$sL©$Ðe Ry>„
s¡d d_¡ gpN¡ R>¡.
± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹ ± ss¹ ks¹
Brsîu AÝepe-18 dp¡n k„Þepk ep¡N kdpàs
&& îuL©$óZp`®Zdõsy —&&

149
d^yk yv$_ c¼s

dp¡l¡ gpNu gV$L$ Nyfy Qf_L$u


fpN : dpgL$p¡i
dp¡l¡ gpNu gV$L$ Nyfy Qf_L$u, Qf_ L$u Nyfy if__L$u... dp¡l¡ gpNu...
Qf_ bu_p dp¡l¡ L$Ry> _l] cph¡
Sy>W$ dL$pep kb k`__L$u... dp¡l¡...
chkpNf kb kyL$ Nep l¥, qaL$f _l] dp¡l¡ sf__uL$p¡...dp¡l¡...
dufp L¡$ âcy rNf^f _pNf DgV$ ce¡ dp¡f¡ _e__L$u... dp¡l¡...
s| sp¡ fpd kydf, S>N gX$hp v¡$
L$p¡fp L$pNT L$pgu kplu
rgMs `Y$shpL$p¡ `Y$hp v¡$... sy„ sp¡
lp\u Qgs l¥ A`_u Nsd¢
Ly$sf c|„L$shpL$p¡ c|„L$hp v¡$ sy„ sp¡...
ÅN kL¡$ sp¡ ÅN g¡... sy„ sp¡
L$l¡s L$bufp ky_p¡ cpB kp^y
_fL$ `Qs hpL$p¡ `Qhp v¡$... sy„ sp¡...
`N^y„^f bp„^ dufp„ _pQu f¡¡.... (2)
d¢ sp¡ d¡f¡ _pfpeZL$u (2) Ap`lu lp¡ NB v$pku f¡... `N
gp¡N L$l¡ dufp„ cB bphfu Þeps L$l¡ Ly$m_piu f¡... `N
rhjL$p àepgp fpZpÆ_¡ c¡Å, `uS>s dufp„ lp„ku f¡... `N
dufp„ L¡$ âcy rNf^f_p NyZ, klS> dug¡ Arh_piu f¡... `N

150
&& A„sf_p `V$_¡ Mp¡gu v¡$ —&&
Nyfy Nd Qphu L$fdp„ gB_¡ qv$g_y„ spmy„ Mp¡gu g¡ (2)...
rhð\u `f rhð õhê$`¡ AL$m L$mp_¡ ÅZu g¡ (2)...
S>m Q¡s_dp„ kOm¡ ìep`L$ s¡_y„ v$i®_ L$fu g¡ (2)...
OV$ OV$dp„ hk_pfp¡ spfp¡ ùv$e L$dmdp„ Å¡ g¡ (2)...
`pep¡Æ d¢_¡ fpd fs_ ^_ `pep¡
`pep¡Æ d¢_¡ fpd fs_ ^_ `pep¡
hõsy Adp¡rgL$ v$u d¡f¡ ksNyfy
qL$f`p L$f A`_pep¡... `pep¡Æ
S>_d S>_dL$u `|„Æ `pB
S>Nd¢ kcu Mp¡hpep¡... `pep¡Æ
MfQ¡ _ M|V¡$ hp L$p¡ Qp¡f _ g|„V¡$
qv$_ qv$_ bY$s khpep¡... `pep¡Æ
ksL$u _ph M¡hqV$ep ks¹Nyfy
chkpNf sf Apep¡.... `pep¡Æ.
dufp„ L¡$ âcy rNfqf^f _pNf
lfM lfM S>k Npep¡... `pep¡Æ.

151
hj® : 2016
`|Äe ÆhZv$pv$p A_¡
`|Äe ìlpgu dp_p õdfZp\£
ìlpgp hp„QL$p¡,
kh® l½$ hp„QL$p¡_¡ A¡V$g¡ hp„Qp¡ h„Qphp¡ A_¡ Nusp op__u âkpv$u_p
ëlpZu L$fphp¡.
kp¥S>Þe : _p\ycpB ÆhZcpB c¼s âL$picpB _p\ycpB c¼s
dyLy„$v$cpB _p\ycpB c¼s Bgpb¡_ cygpcpB c¼s. Npd : v¡$fp¡v$.
dy . `p¡ . L$pdf¡S>. Æ. ky fs. ap¡ _ : 02621-251172, dp¡.
9712790027

152