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Submission Date: 14/08/2018 4. The forearm and biceps support the 2-kg load at
A. If C can be assumed as a pin support,
HOME ASSIGNMENT-1 determine the resultant internal loadings acting
(MODULE-1) on the cross section of the bone of the forearm
at E. The biceps pull on the bone along BD.
Stress and Strain

1. Determine the internal normal force, shear

force, and bending moment at point C in the
beam shown in the figures:

Fig: 1.1

Fig: 1.2 Fig: 4

5. The bar in Fig: 5 a has a constant width of 35
mm and a thickness of 10 mm. Determine the
maximum average normal stress in the bar when
it is subjected to the loading shown.

Fig: 1.3
Fig: 5
6. If the wood joint in Fig:6 a has a width of 150
mm, determine the average shear stress
developed along shear planes a – a and b – b.
For each plane, represent the state of stress on
an element of the material.
Fig: 1.4

2. The shaft is supported by a smooth thrust

bearing at A and a smooth journal bearing at B.
Determine the resultant internal loadings acting
on the cross section at C.

Fig: 6
7. In each case, determine the largest internal
shear force resisted by the bolt. Include all
necessary free-body diagrams.

Fig: 2
3. Determine the resultant internal loadings on the
cross section through point D. Assume the
reactions at the supports A and B are vertical.
Fig: 7.1

Fig: 3 Fig: 7.2

Instructor: Vivek Verma
Assistant Professor,
8. Determine the largest internal normal force in
the bar.

Fig: 12
13. Determine the average shear stress developed in
pin A of the truss. A horizontal force of P = 40
Fig: 8 kN is applied to joint C. Each pin has a diameter
9. The lever is held to the fixed shaft using the pin of 25 mm and is subjected to double shear.
AB. If the couple is applied to the lever,
determine the shear force in the pin between the
pin and the lever.

Fig: 13
14. Determine the largest load P that can be applied
Fig: 9
to the frame without causing either the average
10. Determine the average normal stress developed
normal stress or the average shear stress at
in rod AB if the load has a mass of 50 kg. The section a – a to exceed s = 150 MPa and t = 60
diameter of rod AB is 8 mm. MPa, respectively. Member CB has a square
cross section of 25 mm on each side.

Fig: 10 Fig: 14
11. The supporting wheel on a scaffold is held in 15. Determine the maximum vertical force P that
place on the leg using a 4-mm-diameter pin as can be applied to the bell crank so that the
shown. If the wheel is subjected to a normal average normal stress developed in the 10-mm
force of 3 kN, determine the average shear diameter rod CD, and the average shear stress
stress developed in the pin. Neglect friction developed in the 6-mm diameter double sheared
between the inner scaffold puller leg and the pin B not exceed 175 MPa and 75 MPa
tube used on the wheel. respectively.

Fig: 15
16. Determine the maximum average shear stress
developed in the 30-mm-diameter pin.
Fig: 11
12. The built-up shaft consists of a pipe AB and
solid rod BC. The pipe has an inner diameter of
20 mm and outer diameter of 28 mm. The rod
has a diameter of 12 mm. Determine the average
normal stress at points D and E and represent
the stress on a volume element located at each
of these points.
Fig: 16
Instructor: Vivek Verma
Assistant Professor,
17. If the eyebolt is made of a material having a 21. When force P is applied to the rigid arm ABC,
yield stress of σY = 250 MPa, determine the point B displaces vertically downward through
minimum required diameter d of its shank. a distance of 0.2 mm. Determine the normal
Apply a factor of safety F.S. = 1.5 against strain developed in wire CD.

Fig: 17
18. The pin is made of a material having a failure
shear stress of τfail = 100 MPa. Determine the Fig: 21
minimum required diameter of the pin to the 22. If the applied force P causes the rigid arm ABC
nearest mm. Apply a factor of safety of F.S. = to rotate clockwise about pin A through an angle
2.5 against shear failure. of 0.02°, determine the normal strain developed
in wires BD and CE.

Fig: 18
19. If the bolt head and the supporting bracket are
made of the same material having a failure shear
stress of τfail = 120 MPa, determine the
maximum allowable force P that can be applied
to the bolt so that it does not pull through the Fig: 22
plate. Apply a factor of safety of F.S. = 2.5 23. The rectangular plate is deformed into the shape
against shear failure. of a parallelogram shown by the dashed line.
Determine the average shear strain at corner A
with respect to the x and y axes.

Fig: 19
20. A loading causes the member to deform into the
dashed shape. Explain how to determine the
normal strains ϵCD and ϵAB. The displacement Δ Fig: 23
and the lettered dimensions are known. 24. The force applied at the handle of the rigid lever
causes the lever to rotate clockwise about the
pin B through an angle of 2°. Determine the
average normal strain developed in each wire.
The wires are unstretched when the lever is in
the horizontal position.

Fig: 20.1

Fig: 24
Fig: 20.2
Instructor: Vivek Verma
Assistant Professor,
25. Consider an elemental block subject to uniaxial applied. Determine the temperature rise of the
tension (see Fig.). Derive approximate entire system required to place all of the load on
expressions for the change of volume per unit the copper cylinder. The cover plate at the top
volume due to this loading. of the assembly is rigid. For copper E = 100
GPa, a = 1.7 × 10–6/°C, while for steel E = 200
GPa, a = 12 × 10–6/°C.

26. A steel cube is subjected to a hydrostatic

pressure of 1.5 MPa. Because of this pressure
the volume decreases to give a dilatation of –10–
5. The Young’s modulus of the material is 200
30. A system consists of two rigid end- plates, tied
GPa. Determine Poisson’s ratio of the material
together by three horizontal bars, as shown in
and also the bulk modulus.
Fig. Through a fabrication error, the central bar
27. Consider a steel tube surrounding a solid
aluminium cylinder, the assembly being ➁ is 0.0005L too short All bars are of identical
compressed between rigid cover plates by cross section and of steel having E = 210 GPa.
centrally applied forces as shown in Fig. The Find the stress in each bar after bar ➁ has been
aluminium cylinder is 8 cm in diameter and the physically attached to the end plate. Any
outside diameter of the steel tube is 9.2 cm. If P external force is removed.
= 200 kN, find the stress in the steel and also in
the aluminium. For steel, E = 200 GPa and for
aluminium E = 80 GPa.

31. A bolt is threaded through a tubular sleeve, and

the nut is turned up just tight by hand as shown.
Using wrenches, the nut is then turned further,
the bolt being put in tension and the sleeve in
28. The composite bar shown in Fig. is rigidly
compression. If the bolt has 16 threads per inch,
attached to the two supports. The left portion of and the nut is given an extra quarter turn (90°)
the bar is copper, of uniform cross-sectional by the wrenches, estimate the tensile force in the
area 80 cm2 and length 30 cm. The right portion
bolt if both the bolt and sleeve are of steel and
is aluminium, of uniform cross-sectional area
the cross-sectional areas are:
20 cm2 and length 20 cm. At a temperature of
Bolt area = 1.00 in.2
26°C the entire assembly is stress free. The Sleeve area = 0.60 in.2
temperature of the structure drops and during
this process the right support yields 0.025 mm
in the direction of the contracting metal.
Determine the minimum temperature to which
the assembly may be subjected in order that the
stress in the aluminium does not exceed 160
MPa. For copper E = 100 GPa, a = 17 × 10–6/°C,
and for aluminium E = 80 GPa, a = 23 × 10–

29. A hollow steel cylinder surrounds a solid copper

cylinder and the assembly is subjected to an
axial loading of 200 kN as shown in Fig. 1-
21(a). The cross- sectional area of the steel is 20
cm2, while that of the copper is 60 cm2. Both
cylinders are the same length before the load is
Instructor: Vivek Verma
Assistant Professor,