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Subject: Internship Winston Castillo

Tema 3

1. Each job has one right way of performing it and workers who are carefully
selected, trained, and supported will perform the most optimally. (Scientific
Management)

a) Agree
b) Disagree
2. Managers following general principles of management will achieve
productivity. (Administrative-Principles Approach)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
3. Managers who attend to employees’ personal needs will increase
productivity. (Hierarchy of Needs)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
4. In order to achieve productivity, management must motivate employees to get
beyond their natural dislike for work and lack of ambition and responsibility. (Theory
X)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
5. Employees are motivated when they are able to participate and have
responsibility for their work. (Theory Y)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
6. Management problems can be analyzed through scientific modeling to achieve
optimum solutions. (Operational Research Approach)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
7. When people cooperate in an organization through communication and
interaction with one another, a common purpose is achieved that is far greater than
the individual parts.(System Theory)
Subject: Internship Winston Castillo

a) Agree
b) Disagree
8. Management approaches should respond to the unique problems and
opportunities posed by different situations. (Contingency Theory)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
9. Successful leadership depends upon a match between the style of the leader
and the current situation. (Situational Leadership)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
10. The leadership approach depends on the problem and its corresponding
characteristics, which can be solved by different decision methods. (Leader-
Participation Theory)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
11. Effective management is achieved by combining the best of workers and
technology, while satisfying the needs of workers.(Sociotechnical Theory)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
12. Continuous learning through new knowledge and insights results in a work
environment that most supports the organization and individual’s goals. (Learning
Organization Theory)
a) Agree
b) Disagree
Subject: Internship Winston Castillo

REFLECTION:

Management & Leadership Theories

According to Walter Johnson Leadership and management can have the same

qualities, but that's not always the case. Leadership is about standing out, while

management is largely bureaucratic in nature. These need not be mutually exclusive.

Some theories of leadership, however, make it plain that leadership is not management,

and a manager is not a leader but merely a position of bureaucratic authority. Therefore,

teachers of this generation and generations to come will have to comply with many of

the following skills and competences: Leadership, communication, interpersonal,

implementation of the TICs, organizational, and problem-solving skills, to be able to

satisfy the students’ needs and thereby achieve a successful teaching-learning process.

A teacher with poor management skills would have dysfunctional and

disorganized class. Whereas, a teacher with poor leadership skills would foster an

inadequate and unhealthy environment.

In conclusion, Managers organize and leaders inspire.