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HIDRÓGENO Z=1

H: 1s11s1
HELIO Z=2
He: 1s21s2
LITIO Z=3
Li: 1s12s21s12s2
BERILIO Z=4
Be: 1s22s21s22s2
BORO Z=5
B: 1s22s22p11s22s22p1
CARBONO Z=6
C: 1s22s22p21s22s22p2
NITRÓGENO Z=7
N: 1s22s22p31s22s22p3
OXIGENO Z=8
O: 1s22s22p41s22s22p4
FLÚOR Z=9
F: 1s22s22p51s22s22p5
NEÓN Z=10
Ne: 1s22s22p61s22s22p6
SODIO Z=11
Na: 1s22s22p63s11s22s22p63s1
MAGNESIO Z=12
Mg: 1s22s22p63s21s22s22p63s2
ALUMINIO Al=13
Al: 1s22s22p63s23p11s22s22p63s23p1
SILICIO Z=14
Si: 1s22s22p63s23p21s22s22p63s23p2
FÓSFORO Z=15
P: 1s22s22p63s23p31s22s22p63s23p3
AZUFRE Z=16
S: 1s22s22p63s23p41s22s22p63s23p4
CLORO Z=17
Cl: 1s22s22p63s23p51s22s22p63s23p5
ARGÓN Z=18
Ar: 1s22s22p63s23p61s22s22p63s23p6
POTASIO Z=19
K: 1s22s22p63s23p64s11s22s22p63s23p64s1
CALCIO Z=20
Ca: 1s22s22p63s23p64s21s22s22p63s23p64s2
ESCANDIO Z=21
Sc: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d11s22s22p63s23p64s23d1
TITANIO Z=22
Ti: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d21s22s22p63s23p64s23d2
VANADIO Z=23
V: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d31s22s22p63s23p64s23d3
CROMO Z=24
Cr: 1s22s22p63s23p64s13d51s22s22p63s23p64s13d5
MANGANESO Z=25
Mn: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d51s22s22p63s23p64s23d5
HIERRO Z=26
Fe: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d61s22s22p63s23p64s23d6
COBALTO Z=27
Co: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d71s22s22p63s23p64s23d7
NÍQUEL Z=28
Ni: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d81s22s22p63s23p64s23d8
COBRE Z=29
Cu: 1s22s22p63s23p64s13d101s22s22p63s23p64s13d10
CINC Z=30
Zn: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d10
GALIO Z=31
Ga: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p1
GERMANIO Z=32
Ge: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p2
ARSÉNICO Z=33
As: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p3
SELENIO Z=34
Se: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p4
BROMO Z=35
Br: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p5
KRIPTÓN Z=36
Kr: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
RUBIDIO Z=37
Rb: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s1
ESTRONCIO Z=38
Sr: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s2
ITRIO Z=39
Y: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d1
CIRCONIO Z=40
Zr: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d2
NIOBIO Z=41
Nb: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d4
MOLIBDENO Z=42
Mo: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d5
TECNECIO Z=43
Tc: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d5
RUTENIO Z=44
Ru: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d7
RODIO Z=45
Rh: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d81s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d8
PALADIO Z=46
Pd: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p64d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p64d10
PLATA Z=47
Ag: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s14d10
CADMIO Z=48
Cd: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d10
INDIO Z=49
In: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p1
ESTAÑO Z=50
Sn: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p2
ANTIMONIO Z=51
Sb: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p3
TELURIO Z=52
Te: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p4
YODO Z=53
I: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p5
XENÓN Z=54
Xe: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
CESIO Z=55
Cs: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s1
BARIO Z=56
Ba: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s2
LANTANO Z=57
La: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s25d11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s25d1
CERIO Z=58
Ce:1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s25d14f11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s25d
14f1
PRASEODIMIO Z=59
Pr:1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f3
NEODIMIO Z=60
Nd: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f4
PROMETIO Z=61
Pm: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f5
SAMARIO Z=62
Sm: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f6
EUROPIO Z=63
Eu: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f7
GADOLINIO Z=64
Gd: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s25d14f71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s25d
14f7
TERBIO Z=65
Tb: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f91s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f9
DISPROSIO Z=66
Dy: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f10
HOLMIO Z=67
Ho: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f111s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f11
ERBIO Z=68
Er: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f121s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f12
TULIO Z=69
Tm: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f131s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f13
ITERBIO Z=70
Yb: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f141s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f14
LUTECIO Z=71
Lu: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24
f145d1
HAFNIO Z=72
Hf: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f
145d2
TANTALIO Z=73
Ta: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f
145d3
WOLFRAMIO Z=74
W: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f
145d4
RENIO Z=75
Re: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24
f145d5
OSMIO Z=76
Os: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24
f145d6
IRIDIO Z=77
Ir: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f
145d7
PLATINO Z=78
Pt: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s14f145d91s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s14f
145d9
ORO Z=79
Au: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s14f145d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s1
4f145d10
MERCURIO Z=80
Hg: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s2
4f145d10
TALIO Z=81
Tl: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
6s24f145d106p1
PLOMO Z=82
Pb: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
6s24f145d106p2
BISMUTO Z=83
Bi: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
6s24f145d106p3
POLONIO Z=84
Po: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
6s24f145d106p4
ASTATO Z=85
At: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
6s24f145d106p5
RADÓN Z=86
Rn: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p6
6s24f145d106p6
FRANCIO Z=87
Fr: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d10
5p66s24f145d106p67s1
RADIO Z=88
Ra: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d10
5p66s24f145d106p67s2
ACTINIO Z=89
Ac: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24
d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d1
TORIO Z=90
Th: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24
d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d2
PROCTACTINIO Z=91
Pa: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65
s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f2
URANIO Z=92
U: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s
24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f3
NEPTUNIO Z=93
Np: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65
s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f4
PLUTONIO Z=94
Pu: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24
d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f6
AMERICIO Z=95
Am: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24
d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f7
CURIO Z=96
Cm: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65
s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s26d15f7
BERKELIO Z=97
Bk: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f91s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24
d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f9
CALIFORNIO Z=98
Cf: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24
d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f10
EINSTENIO Z=99
Es: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f111s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s2
4d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f11
FERMIO Z=100
Fm: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f121s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s2
4d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f12
MENDELEVIO Z=101
Md: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f131s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s2
4d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f13
NOBELIO Z=102
No: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f141s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s2
4d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f14
LAURENCIO Z=103
Lr: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d11s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65
s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d1
RUTHERFORDIO Z=104
Rf: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d21s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65
s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d2
DUBNIO Z=105
Db: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d31s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d3
SEABORGIO Z=106
Sg: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d41s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d4
BOHRIO Z=107
Bh: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d51s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d5
HASSIO Z=108
Hs: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d61s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d6
MEITNERIO Z=109
Mt: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d71s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d7
DARMSTADIO Z=110
Ds: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d81s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d8
ROENTGENIO Z=111
Rg: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d91s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6
5s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d9
COPERNICIO Z=112
Cn: 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d101s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p
65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d10
Truco para expresar la configuración electrónica de elementos con números atómicos muy grandes (Notación
abreviada de la configuracion electronica)
Cuando hablamos de elementos con número atómico de 80, 100 o como los que trataremos a partir ahora
de 113 en adelante, es decir, números atómicos grandes, conviene hacer un pequeño arreglo basado en
el último elemento con todas sus capas llenas o niveles de energía completos.
En este particular lo haremos con los 6 de elementos de la tabla periódica que nos han faltado por colocar
en la lista de átomos con distribución electrónica.
Cocretamente, estos: Nihonio, Flerovio, Moscovio, Livermorio, Teneso, Oganesón.
Configuración electrónica, ejemplos de cómo se hace la distribución de los electrones en elementos con
números atómicos grandes (TRUCO) Como hemos dicho, tomaremos el último elemento que haya quedado
completamente lleno en sus niveles de energía y lo usaremos como atajo para lograr la distribución
electrónica de los átomos faltantes. De esta forma, estaremos ahorrando tiempo y a su vez comprobando el
estado de la capa más expuesta de los atomos, es decir, su ultima capa o nivel de energía.
En este caso, el último arreglo de configuración electrónica que cumple con esta característica es el
Copernicio CnCn con un número atómico de 112. Bien, este será nuestro candidato para explicar cómo se
hace este arreglo o como se toma este atajo.
Para representar la expresión de la distribución electrónica del Copernicio haremos el siguiente cambio de
variable:
[Cn][Cn] == 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d101s22s22p63s23p64s2
3d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d10
Y luego sustituiremos esa “nueva variable” en el arreglo electrónico de los siguientes elementos y por último
agregamos los electrones restantes siguiendo el Principio de Aufbau. A esta forma de expresar la
distribución de cada electrón se le conoce comúnmente como Configuracion electronica abreviada o
notación abreviada de la configuración electrónica.
Esta forma abreviada de representar el arreglo de cada electrón se utiliza generalmente en la configuración
de los gases nobles. Lo cual nos permite visualizar los electrones valencia del átomo.
Por ejemplo, si nos fijamos en la configuración electrónica del Neón, que es un gas noble, podemos hacer
el mismo arreglo y con ello ilustrar los electrones valencia de algunos elementos como el Cloro (ClCl, Z=17)
por sugerir uno.
Ne: 1s22s22p61s22s22p6 == [Ne][Ne]
Cl: [Ne]3s23p5[Ne]3s23p5
Configuracion electronica abreviada de los elementos
NIHONIO Z = 113
Nh : [Cn]7p1[Cn]7p1
FLEROVIO Z = 114
Fl: [Cn]7p2[Cn]7p2
MOSCOVIO Z = 115
Mc: [Cn]7p3[Cn]7p3
LIVERMORIO Z = 116
Lv: [Cn]7p4[Cn]7p4
TENESO Z = 117
Ts: [Cn]7p5[Cn]7p5
OGANESÓN Z = 118
Og: [Cn]7p6