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Proposed Project Page:

Address of Project Project No.: 15-0001


Architect Designed: b
Roof Beam RB06
TIMBER ROOF BEAM V5.03 Demo User

Beam: (Roof Beam RB06) 190mm x 45mm F17 KD HW (Single span)


Bending: M(dl)* = 1.01kNm < øM(dl) = 5.51kNm, M* = 3.26kNm < øM = 9.09kNm OK (0.18,0.36)
Mw* = 0.69kNm < øMw = 9.67kNm OK (0.07)
Shear: V(dl)* = 0.90kN < øV(dl) = 9.94kN, V* = 2.90kN < øV = 16.40kN OK (0.09,0.18)
Vw* = 0.62kN < øVw = 17.44kN OK (0.04)
Deflection: δdl = L/513 (9mm) , δll = L/610 (7mm), δwl = L/826 (-5mm) OK
Reactions: (Each end) Rdl = 0.7kN, Rll = 1.4kN, Rwl* = -1.2kN, R.dn* = 2.9kN, R.up* = 0.6kN

Geometry (For a primary building member)

Category = 2 (1) House, (2) Primary building elements, (3) Important

Span (L) = 4500 mm Span type = S (S)ingle,(D)ouble


Centres (cts) = 600 mm Edge restrained = C (T)ension,(C)omp,(B)oth
Lay.t (Top) = 450 mm (Tension flange = Bottom, Comp flange = Top)
Lay.b (Bottom) 450 mm
Loadings

Roof area (A) = 2.70 m² Apply wind reduction = Y (Y)es,(N)o


LL = 1.8/A+0.12 ≥ 0.25 = 0.79 kPa Roof reduction (Ka) = 1.00 AS/NZS 1170.2, Table 5.4
Ratio Ws/Wu = 0.68 (Refer wind analysis)
Uniform dead loads
Roof dead load (wdl) = 0.40 kPa * 600 mm + kN/m = 0.24 kN/m
Other dead load (wdl) = kPa * 600 mm + kN/m = 0.00 kN/m
Include S.Wt = Y (Y)es,(N)o S.Wt = 0.06 kN/m
Σwdl = 0.30 kN/m
Uniform live loads
Roof live load (wll) = 0.79 kPa * 600 mm + kN/m = 0.47 kN/m
Other live load (wll) = kPa * 600 mm + kN/m = 0.00 kN/m
Alternate point live load = 1.40 kN (critical) Distr. to 1 members Σwll = 0.62 kN/m

Uniform wind loads


Ult. wind load (Wu) = 0.75 kPa * 600 mm
Cp,e = 0.7 Cp,i = 0.5 Σwwl* = -0.54 kN/m (up)
Point loads
Dead load (pdl) = kN Position = 2250 mm from LHS
Live load (pll) = kN Shear using PL at support = Y (Y)es,(N)o
Wind load (pwl*) = kN (-ve up)
w(dl)* = 1.35*wdl = 0.40 kN/m M(dl)* = 1.01 kNm (Max at 2250mm)
w* = 1.2*wdl + 1.5*wll = 1.29 kN/m M* = 3.26 kNm (Max at 2250mm)
.up* = 0.9*wdl.up + wwl* = 0.27 kN/m (up) Mw* = 0.69 kNm (Max at 2250mm) (up)
p(dl)* = 1.35*pdl = 0.00 kN V(dl)* = 0.90 kN
p* = 1.2*pdl+1.5*pll = 0.00 kN V* = 2.90 kN
p.up* = 0.9*pdl + pwl* = 0.00 kN Vw* = 0.62 kN (up)
Bending and Shear Capacity - Cl 3.2.1 & Cl 3.2.5

Member = 190mm x 45mm F17 KD HW Area (A) = 8550 mm²


Description = F17k seasoned hardwood Section modulus (Zx) = 271 x10³ mm³
Design depth (dD) = 190 mm Stiffness (Ix) = 25.7 x10⁶ mm⁴
Design width (dW) = 45 mm Modulus of elasticity (E) = 14000 MPa - Table H2.1
S1d = 1.25*dD/dW*(Lay.t/dD)⁰·⁵ = 8.12 For comp. edge restrained - Cl 3.2.3.2
S1u = (dD/dW)¹·³⁵*(Lay.t/dD)⁰·²⁵ = 8.67 For tension edge restrained - Cl 3.2.3.2
k12d = 1.000 - ρbd*S1d<10 - Cl 3.2.4 f'b = 42.0 MPa
k12u = 1.000 - ρbu*S1u<10 - Cl 3.2.4 f's = 3.6 MPa
Strength reduction factor (ø) = 0.85 Table 2.1 Material constant (ρbd) = 0.92 (rbd=0.72)
øM(dl) = ø*(k1=0.57)*k4*k6*k9*k12d*f'b*Zx = 5.51 kNm Stress reversal (ρbu) = 0.90 (rbu=1.00)
øM = ø*k1*k4*k6*k9*k12d*f'b*Zx = 9.09 kNm Duration factor (k1) = 0.94 (Live)
øMw = ø*(k1=1)*k4*k6*k9*k12u*f'b*Zx = 9.67 kNm Moisture factor (k4) = 1.00
øV(dl) = ø*(k1=0.57)*k4*k6*f's*(2/3*A) = 9.94 kN Temp. factor (k6) = 1.00
øV = ø*k1*k4*k6*f's*(2/3*A) = 16.40 kN Sharing factor (k9) = 1.00
Deflections øVw = ø*(k1=1)*k4*k6*f's*(2/3*A) = 17.44 kN Size modifier (mod.b & s) = 1.00 & 1.00
j2 = 2.0
Ireq'd DL (L/300) = 15.0 x10⁶ mm⁴ < Critical δDL= 8.8 mm Span / 513
Ireq'd LL (L/240) = 10.1 x10⁶ mm⁴ δLL = 7.4 mm Span / 610
Ireq'd WL (L/180) = 5.6 x10⁶ mm⁴ δWL = -5.4 mm Span / 826
Deflection limits

Service class = N (1),(2),(3),(S)evere/Adverse,(N)ot applicable

δDL lim. = Span/ 300 = 15mm or 16 mm δDL lim. = 15 mm


δLL lim. = Span/ 240 = 19mm or mm δLL lim. = 19 mm
δWL lim. = Span/ 180 = 19mm or mm δWL lim. = 25 mm
Notes:

Double members:
Double members are not considered laminated.
Refer to AS1684.2 Cl 2.3 for requirements of
vertical lamination.
Laminated = Y (Y)es,(N)o

Importance:
Category 1 House failure affecting < 25m², secondary building element
Category 2 Building, house failure affecting > 25m²
Category 3 Important

Double spans:
Moment taken critical at internal support.

Dead load description:


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Live load description:


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Wind load description:


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Point load description:


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Wind loads:
Wind loads are expressed as ultimate loads. To
calculate deflections, the ratio Ws/Wu is used.
cpe/cpi values are +ve for uplift.

Rafters, trusses and point loads:


Note, care should be taken with short spans and
rafters, or trusses. Consider where the point
loads will fall on the member.

k4 factor:
Partial seasoning factor
Refer Cl 2.4.2.2 & 2.4.2.3 for more information.

k6 factor:
Refer Cl 2.4.3 if designing structures near coastal
regions of Queensland north of 25°S and all other
regions north of 16°S

Material constant:
Refer to Appendix E2
Load ratio = 0.72
Factor for stress reversal takes r as 1

Dead load deflection:


Dead Load in calculations includes the
portion of permanent live load (Ψl) as noted
in clause 2.4.1.2 Note 1 and AS1170.2 Table 4.1.
(Ψl=0 for roofs, use floor beam if floor activity)

Service class:
Service class defined in AS/NZS 1328.1 1998 Glued Laminated Structural Timber
1 - Domestic houses, Commerical Offices
2 - Open sheds, exposed beams under soffits, porches, laundries
3 - Marine structures, Bridges
S - Severe/Adverse requires specialist advice