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Proposed Project Page:

Address of Project Project No.: 15-0001


Architect Designed: b
Sleeper Wall SW02
SLEEPER WALLS V5.02 Demo User

Wall: (Sleeper Wall SW02) 1200mm high, 5.0kPa surcharge (Drained)


Loads: Surcharge = 5.00kPa, Drained
Steel Upright:Galvanised 100UC14.8 (G300), M* = 7.5kNm < øM = 21.4kNm OK (0.35)
δ(dl+ll)=Ht/434 (2.8mm) OK
Timber UprighNot Applicable

Footing: M*o = 7.5kNm < øMr = 30.2kNm OK (0.25)


Sleepers: 100mm x 200mm F5 Treated* (Weak) (Single layer sleepers)
M* = 0.92kNm < øMdl = 1.73kNm OK (0.53)
δ(dl+ll)=L/284 (6.3mm) OK
Critical sleeper layer is 6 from top of sleeper wall bending about weak axis

Geometry
Wall is assumed fully drained
Geometry (Height must be a multiple of the sleeper)
Retaining height (ht) = 1200 mm
Post centres (cts) = 1800 mm
Upright = S (T)imber,(S)teel,(B)oth

Risk class = B (A),(B),(C) - Moderate damage and loss of service - Table 1.1
Backfill type = 1 Class(1), Class(2), (U)ncontrolled, (I)n-situ - Table 5.1(A)

Soil parameters Footing


Internal friction (ø) = 30 ° (0° ≤ ø ≤ 45°) Footing depth (d) = 1600 mm
Incline (β) = 0 ° (0° ≤ β ≤ 45°) 1 in 0.0 Footing diameter (dia) = 450 mm
Soil weight (γs) = 18.0 kN/m³ Cohesion (cf) = 30 kPa
Cohesion (c) = 0 kPa cf*=cf*Φuc(=0.7) = 21.0 kPa insitu material

Sleepers: Minor axis bending


Sleeper depth (Sd) = 100 mm (Horz. dimension) Long term LL factor (Ψl) = 0.6 AS 1170.0 Table 4.1
Sleeper width (St) = 200 mm (Vert. dimension)
Max number of layers = 6 (1200mm high)

Design loads - Appendix J - AS4678 & Section 4

Surcharge Min. = 5.0 kPa min. (Table 4.1) Additional upright Overturning
Water Ht (hw) = 0.0 mm (Drained) Overturning (Ma) = 0.00 kNm
Surcharge (s) = 5.0 kPa Thrust (Va) = 0.00 kN
Load factor = 1.50
Long term LL factor (Ψlo) = 0.40
Earth factor = 1.25 (1.25) Ma* = 0.00 kNm
Live load factor = 1.50 (1.50 - 0.0 for stabilising effect) Va* = 0.00 kN
Stabilising = 0.80 AS4678 - Appendix J (Moment/Thrust about top wall)

Material design factors - Section 5

Φuc = 0.90 c*=c*Φuc = 0.0 kPa Cl 5.2.1


Φuo = 0.95 ø* = 28.7 ° Cl 5.2.2 ø* = 0.502 rad

Design factor (Φn) = 1.00 Table 5.2


Ka = 0.351 (Rankine) Depth of tension zone = 0 mm
Kp = 2.853 (Rankine) Acting soil height (ha) = 1200 mm

Design Moment in upright (about top of footing, per m of wall)

Pressure Thrust Thrust* Lever arm Mw Mw* Comments


kPa kN/m kN/m mm kNm/m kNm/m (At wall base)
Soil = Ka*γs*ha = 7.57 4.54 5.68 400 1.82 2.27 Max. pressure at base
Surcharge = Ka*s = 1.75 2.10 3.15 600 1.26 1.89 Uniform pressure dist.
Additional = 0.00 0.00 1200 0.00 0.00
Total 6.65 8.83 3.08 4.16

Total thrust = 6.65 kN/m


Total ult. thrust = 8.83 kN/m
Total moment (Mw) = 3.08 kNm/m
Total ult. moment (Mw*) = 4.16 kNm/m
Total ult. wall moment (Mw*/Φn) = 4.16 kNm/m

Sleeper Design - AS1720.1 Section 3

Double Sleepers at layer = 0 (Single layer sleepers) Critical layer for design = 6
Total layers = 6 Critical layer centroid depth = 1100 mm
w*= 2.26 kN/m
M*/Φn = 0.92 kNm Area (A) = 19109 mm²
Description = 100mm x 200mm F5 Treated* Section modulus (Zy) = 309 x10³mm³
Design depth (dD) = 97 mm Stiffness (Iy) = 15.0 x10⁶mm⁴
Design width (dW) = 197 mm Modulus of elasticity (E) = 6900 MPa

Capacity factor (ø) = 0.7 Table 2.1 - Category 2


Duration factor (k1) = 0.57 Moisture factor (k4) = 1.00
Stability factor (k12) = 1.00 Temp. factor (k6) = 1.00
f'b = 14.0 MPa Sharing factor (k9) = 1.00
Size modifer (mod.b) = 1.00
øM = ø*k1*k4*k6*k9*k12*f'b*Z = 1.73 kNm
OK (0.53)
Deflection horizontal j2*δDL = 5.5 mm span / 327
δLL = 1.4 mm span / 1295
Long term deflection horizontal δ(DL+Ψl.LL) = 6.3 mm span / 284

Steel Upright Design - AS4100 Section 5

M*=Mw*.*cts/Φn = 7.50 kNm Capacity factor (ø) = 0.9 Table 3.4


Description = 100UC14.8 (G300) Warping constant (Iw) = 2.3 x10⁹mm⁶
Flange yield (fyf) = 320 MPa Torsional constant (J) = 34.9 x10³mm⁴
Area (Ag) = 1890 mm² Effective section mod. (Zex) = 74.4 x10³mm³
Stiffness (Ix) = 3.18 x10⁶ mm⁴ Effective section mod. (Zey) = 34.4 x10³mm³
Shear modulus (G) = 80000 MPa - Cl 1.4 Elastic modulus (Es) = 200000 MPa - Cl 1.4
Msx = 23.8 kNm - Cl 5.2 øMsx = 21.4 kNm
OK (0.35)
Deflection horizontal at top δDL = 1.5 mm ht / 810
δLL = 1.3 mm ht / 933
δLL other = 0.0 mm ht / 0
Total δLL = 1.3 mm ht / 933
Total deflection horizontal δ(DL+Ψl.LL) = 2.3 mm ht / 533

Timber Upright Design - AS1720.1 Section 3 (Not Applicable)

M*=Mw*.*cts/Φn = 7.50 kNm Area (A) = 19109 mm²


Description = 100mm x 200mm F5 Treated* Section modulus (Zy) = 309 x10³mm³
Design depth (dD) = 97 mm Stiffness (Iy) = 15.0 x10⁶mm⁴
Design width (dW) = 197 mm Modulus of elasticity (E) = 6900 MPa

Capacity factor (ø) = 0.7 Table 2.1 - Category 2


Duration factor (k1) = 0.57 Moisture factor (k4) = 1.00
Stability factor (k12) = 1.00 Temp. factor (k6) = 1.00
f'b = 14.0 MPa Sharing factor (k9) = 1.00
Size modifer (mod.b) = 1.00
øM = ø*k1*k4*k6*k9*k12*f'b*Z = 1.73 kNm

Deflection horizontal at top j2*δDL = 27.3 mm ht / 44


δLL = 23.7 mm ht / 51
δLL other = 0.0 mm ht / 0
Total δLL = 23.7 mm ht / 51
Total deflection horizontal at top (δDL+Ψl.LL) = 41.6 mm ht / 29

Footing Design - Cohesive

Footing depth (d) = 1600 mm


Footing diameter (dia) = 450 mm
Clay cohesion (cf*) = 21 kPa

M* = 7.50 kNm
øMr = 1.25*cf*.*dia*d² = 30.24 kNm OK (0.25)

Deflection Limits

Sleeper
δDL lim. = Span/ 150 = 12mm or mm δDL lim. = 12 mm
Ψs.δLL lim. = Span/ 150 = 12mm or mm Ψs.δLL lim. = 12 mm
δTot. lim. = Span/ 150 = 12mm or mm δTot. lim. = 12 mm

Upright
δDL lim. = Height/ 150 = 8mm or mm δDL lim. = 8 mm
Ψs.δLL lim. = Height/ 150 = 8mm or mm Ψs.δLL lim. = 8 mm
δTot. lim. = Height/ 150 = 8mm or mm δTot. lim. = 8 mm
Notes:

Structure Classification - Table 1.1, Table A1, A2


A - Minimal damage and loss of access
B - Moderate damage and loss of service
C - Significant damage or risk to life

Additional overturning description:


Title =

Additional overturning:
Manually enter for fence loading or
partial surcharge. Provide thrust and moment
about top of the wall (= retaining height).

Set factors to 1:
Factor is 1 = N (Y)es,(N)o

k4 factor:
Partial seasoning factor
Refer Cl 2.4.2.2 & 2.4.2.3 for more information.

k6 factor:
Refer Cl 2.4.3 if designing structures near coastal
regions of Queensland north of 25°S and all other
regions north of 16°S