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Division of Laguna
SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018


Date: ___________

Time Period: ___________

I. Objectives

By the end of the discussion, the students should be able to:

 identify the place being describe in the rules made by each group;
 locate the correct modal verb for each description and examples given;
 conclude how each modal verb are used in sentences;
 determine the appropriate modal for each statement through spelling the verb; and

II. Subject Matter

 Topic: Modal Verbs

 Level: Grade 9
 Hours: 1 hour
 Materials: Visual aids, chalk board
 References: (Websites)
Study and Exam
Grade Up English Grammar
One Stop English

Retrieve from:

III. Learning Tasks

Teacher’s Task Student’s Task

A. Preparation

1. Prayer
Before we begin this day, let us all
stand up, and may I request Mr./Ms.
___________ to lead the prayer. Let us pray. In the name of the Father…
(Student’s Prayer) Amen.
Thank you, Mr./Ms. ___________
Good afternoon class!
Good afternoon ma’am!
Now, before taking your seats, could
you please arrange your chairs
properly and pick up the pieces of
papers under your chairs.

You may now take your seats. Thank you, ma’am.

2. Checking of Attendance
Class secretary, do we have absentees
(Reporting of Class Attendance)
Thank you.

3. Review
Who would like to remind us about
our previous lesson?

Our previous lesson was about the rules in

changing a direct speech into an indirect
Very good. Any clarification about the
previous lesson?
No ma’am.

B. Motivation

Before I introduce the new lesson, let us first

have an activity.

Let’s have 10 groups for this activity.

Before proceeding to your groups, let me first

discuss the instructions. Are you ready to
Yes ma’am
listen class?

Good. Now listen, I will let each group to

have one of these papers I am holding.
Written in these papers are places. What I
want you to do is to create at least two must
or must not do in those places.

For example, you have picked “classroom”,

now, you must make at least to must and must
not do inside the classroom, in short, you
must make rules. Understand?
Yes ma’am.
Now, after you have made rules, at least two
members from each group will read it in front
and the other groups will guess what place
may have those rules. That means, you should
not let other groups know what place you
have picked.

Each group must raise their hands if they

want to answer. If answered correctly, they
will have points, if not, the group who give
the rules will have the points. Are we clear on
that class?
Yes ma’am.
I’ll give you 2 minutes to construct the rules.

 Library
 Amusement park
 School
 Comfort room
 Canteen
 Swimming pool
 Bus
 Jail
 Mall
 Driveways

C. Lesson Proper

Now, let’s look at the rules you’ve given.

What have you noticed with the verbs used? The sentences were using verbs like
must/mustn’t, should/shouldn’t.
What do we call these verbs?
Modal Verbs.
Very Good. Now, based from the examples,
what do you think is a modal verb?
Modal verbs are a small group of verbs,
which are very different from normal verbs.

They are Auxiliary verbs that provide

additional and specific meaning to the main
verb of the sentence.
Exactly, they help the main verbs.

Now, I have here a table divided into two

columns. I would like you to analyze the
usage/descriptions given in the second
column and I will students to locate the
correct modal verb with the following usage.
Are we clear on that class?
Yes ma’am.
Now that you have locate the modal verbs let
us check if you have located it correctly by
discussing the examples.

Read the first usage given.


Now, look at these examples. Is the modal Permission/request

verb “can” appropriate for this?

 I ______ drive.
 _____ I use your phone please?
Yes ma’am.
What does it mean?
Can is used in presenting a capacity or in
asking for permission or request.
Very good. What about the next usage, please
Capacity in the past

Polite permission/request


Possibility, low probability or one

possibility of many
Do you think the modal verb “could” is
appropriate with these sentences?

 I ________ not see him.

 ______ I use your phone please?
 We ______ go to the new restaurant.
 It _____ rain today.
 She ______ be at home.
Yes ma’am.
Then, how do we use could?
We used ‘could’ for presenting a capacity in
the past, for showing politeness in asking for
permission or request, for suggestions and for
Very good.

Can you please read the third one? Polite permission/request

Possibility, more probable

Is the modal verb “may” appropriate for these

 ____ I use your phone please?

 It _____ rain today.
 She_____ be at home. Yes ma’am.
Then, when do we use the modal verb ‘may’? We use ‘may’ for polite permission or
request, and for showing more probability.

What about the next usage?

Same as „may‟
Do you think the modal verb “might” is
appropriate with these sentences?

 It _____ rain today.

 She ______ be at home.
Yes ma’am. ‘Might’ is used like the modal
verb ‘may’

Very good. Please read the next usage. Advice

Rational probability

Do you think the modal verb “should” is

appropriate with these sentences?

 He _______ go to the doctor.

 He _______ be fine.
Yes ma’am.

‘should’ is used for giving advices or for

rational probability.
Very good. What about this one?
Obligation, necessity

Very high probability

Do you think the modal verb “must” is
appropriate with these sentences?

 You _____ go to school.

 She _____ be at home. Yes ma’am. The sentences show an
obligation and presents a high probability.

Very good. Read the next usage.

Obligation in legal documents


Future tense, rare.

Do you think the modal verb “shall” is
appropriate with these sentences?

 The defendant _____ pay a fine of

 _____ we begin?
 Thou ______ not kill. Yes ma’am. The sentences given presents an
obligation in legal documents, shows
suggestion, and in future tense.
Very Good.
What about the next usage? A voluntary action

A promise

A prediction

Do you think the modal verb “will” is

appropriate with these sentences?

 I ____ make dinner.

 I ____ call you at 4 pm.
 The summer ____ be very hot. Yes ma’am. The sentences given presents a
voluntary action, a promise and a prediction.

Very good. Now, please read the last usage. Conditional

Past of “will”

Do you think the modal verb “would” is Repetition in the past

appropriate with these sentences?

 If I had time, I ______ travel more.

 He said he _______ come.
 When I lived in Paris, I ______
always go to the Champs Elysees.
Yes ma’am. It is used in a conditional
sentence, as past form of ‘will’ and shows a
repetition in the past.
Very good.

Those are the usage of these common modal


Now, let’s discussed how we used these

modal verbs.

For example,

Mary could play the piano.

There should be a subject, modal verb

followed by the main verb.

Based from the examples, what do you think

is the difference between modal verbs and
other verbs?
 They do not accept conjugation and
does not use infinitive to or -ing
 They do not need other auxiliary verbs
 There is no “s” in singular
 There is no “do / does” in the question
 There is no “don’t / doesn’t” in the
 Modal verbs do not have all the tenses
Modal verbs use other verbs to complete the

Can is completed with be able to

Must is completed with have to

For example,

They can play the piano.

They will be able to play the piano in the


You must come early.

You had to come early yesterday.

Some of these common modal verbs have

synonyms we often use.


must = have to, need to

shemust leave = she has to live = she needs to


should = ought to

heshould speak to his boss = he ought to

speak to his boss

Are we clear on that class?

Yes ma’am.

D. Generalization

Again, can anyone tell me how modal verbs

differ from other verbs? - They do not take “s” in the third person: he
can, she must, it could

- They use “not” in the negative form: they

may not, we should not

- They cannot be used in the past or in the

future tenses

- There is no “to” after them: I can do, you

must see
Very good.
Any questions class? None ma’am.

Then, we may proceed to an activity.

E. Application

Let’s have four groups for this activity.

Before you proceed with your groups, listen

to my instruction first.

In this activity, I will give you sentences with

missing modal verbs. You have to determine
the correct modal verb for that sentence.

In answering, you must spell the you answer

using only the things in your bags. For

She _____ play the guitar.

What is the correct modal verb for this? ‘Can’

Correct, so you must look for things inside

your bags that starts with the letter C-A-N.

Are we clear on that class?

Yes ma’am.
If you’re done spelling it, all of the members
must clap their hands and I will check your

Now, proceed with your groups.

1. Children ___________ go to school.

2. Before you make a decision,

you___________ speak to a specialist.

3. I___________ ride a horse, I love horse


4. Let‟s go,___________ we?

5. Jake___________ speak some English

before the training.

6. ___________ I please speak to Mrs.


7. I promise I___________ buy you a new


8. He___________ join us later, he is not

9. If I were you, I ___________ take this

IV. Evaluation

Complete the sentences with one of the two choices.

1. You really ___________ watch tv this much. (shall / shouldn‟t)

2. She ___________ be at work, she always works at this time. (must / could)

3. Speak up, I ___________ hear you! (can‟t / couldn‟t)

4. I ___________ hear a word he said. (can‟t / couldn‟t)

5. Andrew ___________ call his wife urgently. (must / shouldn‟t)

6. Thank you for calling Zee Company, how ___________ I help you? (can‟t / may)

7. If I go to New York, I ___________ see the Statue of Liberty. (will / would)

8. If I went to New York, I ___________ see the Statue of Liberty. (will / would)

9. It ___________ happen, but it is very unlikely. (shall / could)

10. Emma ___________ go out tonight, her parents said no. (can‟t / may)

V. Assignment

Match the two columns to identify the use of each modal verb.

1. Abe should call Lyla soon after their first date. a. obligation

2. Lyla should be happy to get his call. b. possibility

3. Abe calls but she doesn‟t pick up, she must be working. c. low probability

4. No problem, he can call her back later. d. rational probability

5. Later he tells her they could go out to dinner again. e. certainty

6. She says she may be available Friday. f. polite request

7. Abe asks if he can call her back Friday morning. g. permission

8. She says she could be in a meeting, the afternoon is

Better. h. advice

9. Friday afternoon, Abe asks: May I pick you up at 6 pm? i. capacity

10. He must be on time to make a good impression. j. suggestion