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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Region IV-A CALABARZON


Division of Laguna
PLARIDEL NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018

A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH

Date: ___________

Time Period: ___________

I. Objectives

By the end of the discussion, the students should be able to:

 identify the correct form of indirect speech;


 change direct speech into indirect speech considering the rules for indirect speech; and
 reflect on the importance of following the rules in indirect speech through answering
questions.

II. Subject Matter

 Topic: Rules in Direct and Indirect Speech


 Level: Grade 9
 Hours: 2 hours
 Materials: Visual aids, chalk board
 References: (Websites)
Study and Exam
Grade Up English Grammar
One Stop English

Retrieve from:

http://www.studyandexam.com/direct-indirect-
https://gradeup.co/english-grammar-direct-and-indirect-speech-rules-i-e6d8e3bf-83bd-
11e6-9141-6b1c3f806b4a
http://www.onestopenglish.com/grammar/grammar-reference/verbs-and-tenses/reported-
speech-tips-and-activities/152843.article

III. Learning Tasks

Teacher’s Task Student’s Task

A. Preparation

1. Prayer
Before we begin this day, let us all
stand up, and may I request Mr./Ms.
___________ to lead the prayer. Let us pray. In the name of the Father…
(Student’s Prayer) Amen.

Thank you, Mr./Ms. ___________


Good afternoon class! Good afternoon ma’am!

Now, before taking your seats, could


you please arrange your chairs
properly and pick up the pieces of
papers under your chairs.

You may now take your seats.

2. Checking of Attendance
Class secretary, do we have absentees
today?
(Reporting of Class Attendance)

Thank you.

3. Review
Anyone who could remind us about
our previous topic?
Our last topic is all about… (Student’s
Any clarification? Schema)

B. Motivation

Before moving onto the rules in direct and


indirect speech, let’s have a quick question
drill.

I will ask a student a question. After they


answer, I will ask another student what was
said. For example:

T: _______, how did you get to class today?

S1: I came by a car.

T: Sorry, I didn’t get that, ______ what did


______ say?

S2: He said he came by a car.

Are we clear class? Yes ma’am.

Are you ready? Yes ma’am.


1. _______, what did you have for lunch?

(a student answers)

Sorry, I couldn’t hear it, ________ what did


he/she say?
(a student answers)

Thank you.

2. How about you _______, at what time did


you arrive in school?
(a student answers)

Again, I’m sorry but ________ what did she


say?

(a student answers)
Oh!

3. _______, how’s your seatmate in class? (a student answers)

Pardon, _______ what did ______ say?

(a student answers)
Oh! Okay.

4. _______, do you like chocolates?

(a student answers)
Sorry, I didn’t get that, _________ what did
she say?
(a student answers)

5. What about you _______, what kind of


chocolate do you like?

(a student answers)

I’m sorry but _______ what did he say?

(a student answers)

Oh! Thank you.


Very good class, it seems like you know how
to report a speech using reporting verbs.

C. Lesson Proper

After knowing the difference between a direct


and indirect speech, it is better to know the
rules.

I have here examples of a reported speech.

Look at the first example:

Mr. Florendo says, “The computer has all the


answers to all our questions.”

Mr. Florendo says that the computer has all


the answers to all our questions.

In this example, what do we call the


highlighted word?

Right. A conjunction, but what about the type A conjunction ma’am.


of sentence used in the quoted part? Is it a
declarative or an interrogative sentence?

And why do you think so?


A declarative sentence ma’am/
Very good.. Now, from this example and from
the highlighted word, what do you think is the Because that sentence makes a statement.
first rule?

When the quoted part is declarative, it is


Correct! We will change it into a “that transformed into a “that clause.”
clause.”

Let’s have another example for that,

He says, “I am playing football.”

Can someone please change it into an indirect


speech using the first rule?

Very good. H says that he is playing football.

Let’s try another,

Sandy says, “I need more money.”

Do you think this is a declarative sentence?


Can you please change it into indirect speech? Yes ma’am.

Very good! Again, everyone, what is our first Sandy says that she need more money.
rule?

When the quoted part is declarative, it is


Are we now clear with the first rule? transformed into a “that clause.”

Now, let’s have the second rule. Take a look Yes ma’am.
at this example:

The student asked, “Can it solve mathematical


problems?”

The student asked if the computer could solve


mathematical problems.

See this example? If in the first rule we focus


on declarative sentence, in the second we will
be focusing on what type of sentence?

Is this an interrogative sentence? why do you Interrogative sentences ma’am.


think so?
Yes ma’am, because it asks questions and
Very good. And this second rule follows two ends with question mark.
more rules.

If you are asked with this question, what


would be your answer?

So that means this question is?


Either “yes” or “no” ma’am.

Answerable by yes or no.


Now look at the highlighted word. From this
example, what do you think as our second
rule?
When the quoted part is interrogative, or
when it is answerable by “yes” or “no” it is
transformed into and “of clause” or a whether
Very good. Let’s have that as letter a, the use
clause.”
of “if clause” and “whether clause.”

Let’s try this example,

James asks, “is the computer a thinking


machine?”

Kindly change it into an indirect speech using


“if clause” and “whether clause.”
1. James asks if the computer is a thinking
machine.
Very good! Why do you think we need to add
“or not” at the end of the sentence if we use a 2. James asks whether the computer is a
“whether clause”? thinking machine or not.

Correct. In written English, we usually add


“or not” at the end of the sentence if we use a
“whether clause.” Because “whether’ is use for deciding or
taking an option.
Understand that class?

If that’s what we use when the interrogative


sentence is answerable by “yes” or “no”, what
about the WH-questions? Yes ma’am.
Class, what are those WH- questions?

Very good let’s have this example: Questions starting from “what”, “when”,
Jerome asks, “What are your plans?” “where”, “why”, and ”how”.

Jerome asks what my plans are.

What have you notice with the subject and the


verb in the quoted part?

Right. Now, from this example, what do you


think is the second rule for interrogative
sentence? The places of the subject and the verb
changed.

Very good. You must first identify the subject


and the verb used, then switch the places. If the quoted part is any of the WH-questions,
it is transformed by switching the places of
Let’s try this example, the subject and the verb.
Mother asked me, “What are you doing
there?”

Who is the subject in the interrogative


sentence?

And the verb is?

Now, can anyone change it according to the “You.”


rule?
Linking verb “are”
Very good. Let’s try another.

He asks, “How is your sister?” Mother asked me what I was doing there.

D. Generalization

Are we now clear with the first and second He asks how my sister is.
rule?

Again, can anyone tell me the first rule by


using the example?
Yes ma’am.

What about the second rule?


(Student answers)

Very good! Now I think you are all ready for


an activity. (student answers)

E. Application

First, I will group you into four and each


group should form their chairs into circle. We
will be having a quiz bee, but in this quiz bee
we have only two levels. In the first level, I
will show you direct speeches with a rewritten
form in indirect speech and you will just wrte
correct/wrong on your paper. For the next
level, I will show only direct speeches and
you have to rewrite it into the correct indirect
speech.

Each level has 5 items, for level 1, every right


answers will be given 2 points, and for level
2, every correct answers will be given 5
points.

Also, for every item, the writer in your group


will change but you can help your groupmates
in answering. Are we clear?

Now, go with your groupmates.


Yes ma’am.
IV. Evaluation

Rewrite the following direct speech into indirect speech.

1. He says, “Switzerland is the heaven on earth.”

2. The Shopkeeper says, “Prices are shooting up alarmingly.”

3. She said, “Nobody can solve the problem.”

4. Antony said, “Martin has gone home.”

5. She said, “I shall be taking a test.”

6. She said “I´ve found my keys!”

7. “Her parents are getting married next Friday” she assured us.

8. The news said “There has been a big earthquake in Japan”.

9. “Stop making so much noise!” the mother said to the children.

10. “Pam visited us yesterday” Pete said.

V. Assignment

Your teacher has given you these orders. Rewrite them in reported speech.

1. You must do your homework every day!

2. Could you please bring your textbooks to school every day?

3. You mustn´t eat in class!

4. Please, don´t be late for school.

5. Can you give this letter to your parents, please?

6. You must be quiet in class!

7. Don´t run in the corridors!

8. Study for the exam next week!

Prepared by:

Donnalyn O. Castillo