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STANDARDS

GENERAL
and BRACING
BRACING
PRACTICES

Table 2 Common VP bracing systems


For specific limitations see individual DM sections as listed in this table

Bracing System Advantages Limitations


Light Wall Can be used on most Should not be used for crane
Diaphragm surfaces that sheeting applications.
Shear Wall

Roof is applied. No deflection compatibility


Diaphragm with X-bracing.
Limited capacity.
DM5.4

Rods Roofs, sidewalls, and Can’t use in walls


(X-bracing) endwalls (OCBF). with high seismic

Codes requiring 1997 AISC Seismic Provision with Supplement #2 or newer:


Most common bracing loads (SDC D, E or
F). Can obstruct

Height limits apply to OCBFs  Can use more expensive SCBF


type. Wind, light
seismic, and light overhead doors,
DM5.1.2
crane applications windows, etc.
Rod-to-web
Concentrically Braced Frames

connection capacity.
Angles
(diagonal or
For heavy loading or high seismic areas in walls

X-bracing)

DM5.1.3

HSS & 3PL Can cause


(Diagonal) obstructions.
DM5.1.4 More expensive than
rod bracing.
DM5.1.5 OCBF is
standard Field welding.
HSS & 3PL
(Chevron Can be
Bracing) upgraded to
SCBF

DM5.1.4

DM5.1.5

VP DESIGN MANUAL Section: 5.1


10/13/05 Rev. 1 Page 12 of 17
BUILDINGS