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# MATHEMATICS

## EST INF ORM AT IO

DPP DAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS

NO. 84 TO 86

## 1. (D) 2. (D) 3. (B,C) 4. (B,D) 5. (A,C) 6.

(A,D)
7. (A,B,D) 8. (A)  (p, q, r, s), (B)  (p, q), (C)  (q, s), (D)  (r)
1. (A) 2. (D) 3. (B,C) 4. (A,B)
17
5. (B,D) 6. (A,B,C,D) 7. (A,B,C,D) 8.
24
DPP No. : 86 (JEE- MAIN)
1. (B) 2. (D) 3. (D) 4. (A) 5. (B) 6. (D) 7. (B)
8. (B) 9. (A) 10. (A) 11. (B) 12. (C) 13. (D) 14. (B)
15. (B) 16. (A) 17. (A) 18. (B) 19. (C) 20. (A,B)

## This DPP is to be discussed in the week (23-11-2015 to 28-11-2015)

Total Marks : 39 Max. Time : 34 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1,2 (3 marks 3 min.) [6, 6]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.3 to 7 (5 marks, 4 min.) [25, 20]
Match the Following (no negative marking) (2 × 4) Q.8 (8 marks 8 min.) [8, 8]

 
1. The set of all values of for which the vectors a =(log2 x) î –6 ĵ +3 k̂ and b =(log2 x) î +2 ĵ +(log2 x)
k̂ make an obtuse angle for any x 
 4  4  4   4 
(A)  0,  (B)   , 0  (C)  ,   (D*)   , 0 
 3  3  3   3 
 
ds lHkh ekuksa dk leqPp; ftuds fy, x ds fy, lfn'kksa a =(log2 x) î –6 ĵ +3 k̂ rFkk b =(log2 x)
î +2 ĵ +(log2 x) k̂ ds chp lHkh vfèkd dks.k gS] gS &
 4  4  4   4 
(A)  0,  (B)   , 0  (C)  ,   (D*)   , 0 
 3  3  3   3 
 
Sol. a . b< 0
 log2 x)2 – 12 + 6log2 x) < 0
 y2 + 6y – 12 < 0  and D < 0 
 4 
  36 + 48 < 0   (3 + 4) 
  – , 0  
 3 
2. A mirror and a source of light are situated at the origin O and a point A on OX respectively. A ray of light
from the source strikes the mirror and is reflected. If the direction ratios of the normal to the plane of
mirror are 1, –1, 1, then direction cosines for the reflected ray are
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,d niZ.k vkSj ,d izdk'kòksr OX-v{k ij Øe'k% ewyfcUnq O rFkk fcUnq A ij fLFkr gSA òksr ls ,d izdk'k fdj.k
niZ.k ls Vdjkdj ijkofrZr gksrh gSA ;fn niZ.k ds lery ds vfHkyEc ds fnd~ vuqikr 1, –1, 1 gS rc ijkofrZr
fdj.k dh fnDdksT;k,sa gS &
1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2
(A) , , (B)  , , (C)  ,  ,  (D*)  ,  ,
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
N1, –1, 1
A(a, 0, 0) B

Sol.
/2 /2

O(0, 0, 0)
Let the source of light be situated at A(a 0, 0), where a  0. Let OA be the incident ray and OB the
reflected ray ON is the normal to the mirror at O

AON =  NOB = (say)
2
DR's of OA are a, 0, 0 and so its DC's are 1, 0, 0
1 1 1  1
DC's of ON are ,  ,  cos 
3 3 3 2 3
Let , m, n be the DC's of the reflected ray OB.
n0 1 2 2 2 1 2 2
then    =  1, m = – , n =  =  ,m=– ,n=
 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
2cos
2
1 2 2
Hence, DC's of the reflected ray are  ,  ,
3 3 3
N1, –1, 1
A(a, 0, 0) B

Hindi.
/2 /2

O(0, 0, 0)
ekuk izdk'k L=kksr A(a 0, 0) ij fLFkr gS tgk¡ ekuk vkifrr fdj.k rFkk OB ijkofrZr fdj.k ON ni.kZ ds fcUnq O
ij vfHkyEc gSA

AON =  NOB = (say)
2
OA ds fnd~ vuqikr gksxsa a, 0, 0 rFkk 1, 0, 0 bldh dksT;k,sa gksaxhA
1 1 1  1
ON dh fnd~ dksT;k,sa ,  ,  cos 
3 3 3 2 3
ekuk , m, n ijkofrZr fdj.k OB dh fnd~ dksT;k,sa gSA
n0 1
rc 
 3
2cos
2
2 2 2 1 2 2
  =  1, m = – , n =   = , m = – , n =
3 3 3 3 3 3
1 2 2
blhizdkj ijkofrZr fdj.k dh fnd~ dksT;k,sa  ,  , gksaxhA
3 3 3

3. P is a point on the line through the point A whose position vector is a and the line is parallel to the

vector b . If PA = 6 , the position vector of P is :

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 
fcUnq A ftldk fLFkfr lfn'k a gS] ls tkus okyh js[kk ij fcUnq P fLFkr gS rFkk js[kk] lfn'k b ds lekUrj gSA
;fn PA = 6 gks] rks P dk fLFkfr lfn'k gS&
 
  6   b  6 
(A) a + 6 b (B*) a +  b (C*) a – 6  (D) b +  a
b |b| a

 
b P(r )

A(a)
Sol.
PA = 6
 
|r a| = 6
       
AP = b  r  a = b  r = a + b
   
| r  a | = | b | = | b |
 6
 6 = | b |   = 
|b|
  6 
 r = a +  b
|b|

4. The value(s) of  [0, 2] for which vector a  ˆi  3 ˆj   sin2  kˆ makes an obtuse angle with the
   
Z-axis and the vectors b  (tan  ) ˆi  ˆj  2 sin kˆ and c   tan   ˆi   tan   ˆj  3 cos ec kˆ are
2 2
orthogonal, is/are :

 [0, 2] ds eku ftlds fy, lfn'k a  ˆi  3 ˆj   sin2  kˆ ' ; Z - v{k ls vf/kd dks.k cukrk gS rFkk lfn'k
  ˆ   ˆ
b  (tan  ) ˆi  ˆj  2 sin k vkSj lfn'k c   tan   ˆi   tan   ˆj  3 cos ec k yEcdks.kh; gS&
2 2
(A) tan 1 3 (B*)  tan 1 2 (C) + tan 1 3 (D*) 2  tan 1 2
Hint. sin 2  < 0  < 2  < 2  or 3  < 2  < 4 
/2 
<  <  or 3/2 <  < 2 In this range sin /2 > 0
Also b . c = 0  tan  = 3 or  2 tan  = 3 is rejected  tan  =  2
 =  tan 1 2 or 2  tan 1 2]
 
5. The vectors a = 3iˆ – 2ˆj  2kˆ and b = – ˆi – 2kˆ are adjacent sides of a parallelogram. Then angle between
its diagonals is
 
lekUrj prqHkqZt dh vklUu Hkqtk,¡ lfn'k a = 3iˆ – 2ˆj  2kˆ vkSj b = – ˆi – 2kˆ gS] rks blds fod.kksaZ ds e/; dk dks.k
gS&
(A*) /4 (B) /3 (C*) 3/4 (D) 2/3
 
Sol. a  b  2iˆ  2ˆj
 
a  b  4iˆ  2jˆ  4kˆ
   
  
ab . ab  (8  4) 12 1
cos=      = 
| a  b || a  b | 4  4 16  4  16 12 2 2
 3
= ,
4 4

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6. If in a plane A1, A2, A3,......, An are the vertices of a regular polygon with n sides and O is its centre then
n1  
i1
(OAi  OA i1 ) =

;fn fdlh lery esa A1, A2, A3,......, An ,d n Hkqtkvksa okys ml lecgqHkqt ds 'kh"kZ gS ftldk dsUnz O gS] rks
n1  
 (OA  OA
i1
i i1 ) =
       
(A*) (1  n)( OA 2  OA1 ) (B) (n  1) ( OA 2  OA1 ) (C) n( OA 2  OA1 ) (D*) (n  1) ( OAn–1  OAn )
n1  
Sol.  OA  OA
i 1
i i1

##      

= OA1  OA 2  OA 2  OA 3 .........+ OAn 1  OAn
 
= (n – 1) (OA1  OA 2 )
 
= (1 – n) (OA 2  OA1 )

## 7. Consider the series

1 + 2(1 – x) + 3(1 – x) (1 – 2x) + .......+ n (1 – x) (1 – 2x) ...... (1 – (n – 1)x)

Js.kh
1 + 2(1 – x) + 3(1 – x) (1 – 2x) + .......+ n (1 – x) (1 – 2x) ...... (1 – (n – 1)x) dk ;ksxQy Kkr dhft,A
1 1
(A*) Sn = – [(1 – x) (1 – 2x) ...... (1 – nx) – 1] (B*) S6 = – [(1 – x)(1 – 2x) . . . (1 – 6x) – 1]
x x
1
(C) Sn = [(1 – x) (1 – 2x) ...... (1 – nx) – 1] (D*) T5 = 5(1 – x)(1 – 2x) . . . . (1 – 4x)
x
r
Sol. Tr = (1– x)(1– 2x) .........[1 – (r – 1) x][(1 – rx) – 1]
–rx
1
Tr = – [(1 – x)(1 – 2x).....(1 – rx) – (1 – x)(1 – 2x)......(1 – (r – 1)x)]
x
1
Sn =  Tr  Sn =  (1  x)  1
x
1
Sn =  (1  x)(1  2x)  (1  x)
x
: :
: :
1
= – [(1 – x)(1 – 2x).....(1 – nx) – (1 – x) (1 – 2x) (1 – (n – 1)x)]
x
1
=  (1  x)(1  2x).....(1  nx)  1
x

## 8. Match the column

Column – I Column – II

(A) The possible value of a if r  (iˆ  ˆj)  (iˆ  2ˆj  k) ˆ and (p) –4
 ˆ ˆ  ( ˆi  ˆj  ak)
ˆ are two skew lines where ,  are scalars
r  (i  2j)
 
(B) The angle between the vectors a   ˆi  3 ˆj  kˆ and b  2 ˆi  ˆj  kˆ is (q) –2

acute, whereas the vector b makes an obtuse angle with positive
direction of axes of coordinates , then  may be
(C) The possible value of a such that 2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , ˆi  2ˆj  (1  a) kˆ and 3iˆ  ajˆ  5 kˆ (r) 2
are coplanar is
    
(D) If A  2iˆ  ˆj  3kˆ , B  2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , C  3iˆ  ˆj and A  B is perpendicular (s) 3

to C , then |2| is

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LrEHk feyku dhft,&
LrEHk – I LrEHk – II

(A) ;fn r  (iˆ  ˆj)  (iˆ  2ˆj  k) ˆ vkSj (p) –4
 ˆ ˆ  ( ˆi  ˆj  ak)
ˆ nks fo"keryh; js[kk,¡ gks tgk¡ ,  vfn'k
r  (i  2j)
gS] rks a ds laHkkfor eku gS&
 
(B) lfn'kksa a   ˆi  3 ˆj  kˆ vkSj b  2 ˆi  ˆj  kˆ (q) –2

ds e/; dks.k U;wu dks.k gS tgk¡ lfn'k b , funsZ'kkad v{kksa dh /kukRed fn'kk ds
lkFk vf/kd dks.k cukrk gS rc  gks ldrk gS&
(C) 2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , ˆi  2ˆj  (1  a) kˆ vkSj 3iˆ  ajˆ  5 kˆ (r) 2
leryh; gks] rks a ds laHkkfor eku gS&
    
(D) ;fn A  2iˆ  ˆj  3kˆ , B  2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , C  3iˆ  ˆj gS rFkk A  B , (s) 3

lfn'k C ds yEcor~ gS] rks |2| gS&
Ans. (A)  (p, q, r, s), (B)  (p, q), (C)  (q, s), (D)  (r)
Sol. (A) For skew lines shortest distance  0 fo"keryh; js[kkvksa ds fy, U;wure nwjh  0
 
a  a = 0.iˆ  ˆj  0.kˆ
2 1
ˆi ˆj kˆ
 
b1  b2 = 1 2 1 = (2a + 1) î – ĵ (a – 1) + k̂ (1 + 2)
1 1 a

= (2a + 1) î – ĵ (a – 1) + 3 k̂
0  (a  1)  0
shortest distance U;wure nwjh = 0 a1
(2a  1)2  (a  1)2  32
 
(B) a . b > 0  22 – 3 + 1 > 0
 22 – 2 –  + 1 > 0
 2( – 1) – 1( – 1) > 0
 ( – 1) (2 – 1) > 0
  (–, –1/2)  (1, )

and rFkk b . ˆi < 0  2 < 0   < 0
possible value of  are (–, –1/2)  dk ds laHkkfor eku (–, –1/2) gksaxs
2 1 1
(C) 1 2 1  a = 0  2(10 – a – a2) – (5 – 3 – 3a) + 1(a – 6) = 0
3 a 5
 20 – 2a – 2a2 – 2 + 3a + a – 6 = 0
 –2a2 + 2a + 12 = 0
 a2 – a – 6 = 0
(a – 3) (a + 2) = 0
a = 3, a = –2
 
(D) A +  B = (2 + 2) î + ( + 2) ĵ + (3 + ) k̂

is perpendicular to C = 3 ˆi  ˆj ds yEcor~ gS
 3(2 + 2) + ( + 2).1 = 0
 6 + 6 +  + 2 = 0
 2 + 7 + 6 = 0
 ( + 1) ( + 6) = 0
  = –1,  = –6
 |2| = 2

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Total Marks : 35 Max. Time : 31 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1,2 (3 marks 3 min.) [6, 6]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.3,4,5,6,7 (5 marks, 4 min.) [25, 20]
Subjective Type ('–1' negative marking) Q.8 (4 marks, 5 min.) [4, 5]

1. The number of six letter words, each consisting of three consonants and 3 vowels, that can be formed
using the letters of the word "CIRCUMFERENCE" is
'kCn "CIRCUMFERENCE" ls cuus okys N% v{kjksa ds os 'kCn ftuesa ls izR;sd esa rhu O;atd rFkk rhu Loj gSa
dh la[;k gS &
(A*) 22100 (B) 22150 (C) 22101 (D) 21200
Sol. CIRCUMFERENCE
CRMFN IUE
3 211 1 113
Number of places for consonants = 6C3 = 20
3 consonants can be arranged in 1 + 2C1 . 4C1 . 3 + 5C3 . 6 = 85
3 vowels can be arranged in 1 + 2 . 3 + 6 = 13  Total number of ways = 20 . 85 . 13 = 22100
Hindi. C I R C U M F E R E N C E
CRMFN IUE
3 211 1 113
O;atdksa dh fy, LFkkuksa dh la[;k = 6C3 = 20
3 O;atd 1 + 2C1 . 4C1 . 3 + 5C3 . 6 = 85 rjhdksa ls O;ofLFkr fd;s tk ldrs gSaA
3 Loj 1 + 2 . 3 + 6 = 13 rjhdksa ls O;ofLFkr fd;s tk ldrs gSaA
 dqy rjhdksa dh la[;k = 20 . 85 . 13 = 22100.

2. The three vectors ˆi  ˆj, ˆj  k, ˆ kˆ  ˆi taken two at a time form three planes. The three unit vectors drawn
perpendicular to these three planes form a parallelopiped of volume:
rhu lfn'kksa ˆi  ˆj, ˆj  k,
ˆ kˆ  ˆi esa ls nks&nks dk ;qXe ysdj rhu leryksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k tkrk gSA bu rhu
leryksa ds yEcor~ rhu bdkbZ lfn'k ,d lekUrj "kV~Qyd dk fuekZ.k djrs gSa ftldk vk;ru gS &
1 3 3 4
(A) (B) 4 (C) (D*)
3 4 3 3
ˆi ˆj kˆ

Sol. n1 = 1 1 0 = ˆi  ˆj  kˆ
0 1 1

  ˆi  ˆj  kˆ   ˆi  ˆj  kˆ 
n1 =   Similarly blhizdkj n̂2 =  
 3   3 
 
 ˆi  ˆj  kˆ 
n̂3 =  
 3
 
1 1 1
1 1 4
V= 1 1 1 = (2 + 2) = .
3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1 1

3. If ar  xr ˆi  yr ˆj  zr kˆ , where r = 1, 2, 3 are three mutually perpendicular unit vectors, then possible
x1 x 2 x3
values of the determinant y1 y 2 y3 are
z1 z2 z3

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x1 x 2 x3

;fn ar  xr ˆi  yr ˆj  zr kˆ tgk¡ r = 1, 2, 3 rhu yEcor~ bdkbZ lfn'k gS] rc lkjf.kd y1 y 2 y3 dk laHkkfor
z1 z2 z3
eku gSµ
(A) 0 (B*) 1 (C*) –1 (D) 2
Sol. [a1 a2 a3] = 0

## 4. Direction cosines , m, n of a line which are connected by the relations 

  + m + n = 0, 2mn + 2m – n = 0 may be
js[kk dh fnd~dksT;k,¡ , m, n ftuesa laca/k  + m + n = 0, 2mn + 2m – n = 0 gS] gks ldrh gS
1 1 2 2 1 1 1 –1 –2 –2 –1 1
(A*) , , (B*) , , (C) , , (D) , ,
6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Sol.  + m + n = 0 , 2mn + 2m  – n = 0
 2m(– – m) + 2m – (– – m) = 0  –2m2 + 2 + m = 0
 2 + m – 2m2 = 0  2 + 2m – m – 2m2 = 0
 ( + 2m) – m( + 2m) = 0  ( + 2m) ( – m) = 0
 = m,  = –2m
when tc  = m, m + m + n = 0  n = –2m direction ratio fnd~ vuqikr
1 1 2
m, m, –2m  1, 1, –2 Direction cosine fnd~ dksT;k,sa , ,  –2m, m, m
6 6 6
2 1 1
–2, 1, 1  Direction cosines fnd~ dksT;k,sa , ,
6 6 6

       
5. If a + 2 b + 3 c = 0 and | a | = 6, | b | =3 and | c | =2, then angle between a and b is
3  1 3 2
(A) +cos–1   (B*)  – cos–1   (C) – cos–1   (D*)
 4 2  4 3
       
;fn a + 2 b + 3 c = 0 vkSj | a | = 6, | b | =3 vkSj | c | =2 gks rks a o b ds e/; dks.k gS &
3  1 3 2
(A) +cos–1   (B*)  – cos–1   (C) – cos–1   (D*)
 4 2  4 3
     
Sol.   
a  2b • a  2b =  3c  •  3c 

   
| a |2 + 4 | b | 2 + 4 | a | | b | cos= 9 | c | 2
36 + 36 + 4(6) (3) cos = 9 x 4
–36
cos =
72
1 2
cos = –  =
2 3
 
6. If a and b are non-zero and non-collinear vectors, then
        ˆ ˆ  ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ 
(A*) a  b  [a b ˆi] ˆi [a b ˆj] ˆj  [a b k] k (B*) a.b  (a.i) (b.i) (a.j) (b.j)  (a.k) ˆ
(b.k)
  ˆ then | v || u |     
ˆ ˆ ˆ and v  aˆ  b,
(C*) If u  aˆ  (a.b)b (D*) If c  a  (a  b), then c.a  0
 
;fn a vkSj b v'kwU; rFkk vlajs[kh; lfn'k gS] rks
        ˆ ˆ  ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ 
(A*) a  b  [a b ˆi] ˆi [a b ˆj] ˆj  [a b k] k (B*) a.b  (a.i) (b.i) (a.j) (b.j)  (a.k) ˆ
(b.k)
        
ˆ ˆ ˆ r Fkk v  aˆ  bˆ gks] r ks| v || u |
(C*) ;fn u  aˆ  (a.b)b (D*) ;fn c  a  (a  b) gks] r ksc.a  0
 
Sol. (A) Let a  b = 1 î + 2 ĵ + 3 k̂ ...(1)
ˆ
dot with î  1 = [ ab i ]
  
similarly with ĵ and k̂ we get  2 = [ ab ˆj ] and 3 = [ a b kˆ ]

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  
(B) a.b = a1b1 + a2b2 + a3b3 Let a = a1 î + a2 ĵ + a3 k̂  b = b1 î + b2 ĵ + b3 k̂
   ˆ  ˆ  
= ( a.iˆ )( b.iˆ ) + (a2 .j) (b2 .j) + ( a3 .kˆ )( b3 .kˆ )
 
(C) | u |2 = 1 + (a.b) ˆ ˆ 2 (1) – 2 (a.b)
ˆ ˆ 2 = 1 – cos2   | v |2 = | aˆ  bˆ |2 = (1) (1) sin2 
            
(D) c = a × ( a  b )  c.a = a .( a  (a  b) ) = [ a a a  b ] = 0
 
Hindi (A) ekuk a  b = 1 î + 2 ĵ + 3 k̂ ...(1)

î ls fcUnq xq.ku djus ij  1 = [ ab ˆi ]
   
blh izdkj ĵ ,oa k̂ ls ,d&,d dj fcUnq xq.ku djus ij 2 = [ a b ˆj ] vkSj 3 = [ a b kˆ ]

(B) a.b = a1b1 + a2b2 + a3b3
 
ekuk a = a1 î + a2 ĵ + a3 k̂  b = b1 î + b2 ĵ + b3 k̂
   ˆ  ˆ  
= ( a.iˆ )( b.iˆ ) + (a2 .j) (b2 .j) + ( a3 .kˆ )( b3 .kˆ )
 
(C) | u |2 = 1 + (a.b) ˆ ˆ 2 (1) – 2 (a.b)
ˆ ˆ 2 = 1 – cos2   | v |2 = | aˆ  bˆ |2 = (1) (1) sin2 
            
(D) c = a × ( a  b )  c.a = a .( a  (a  b) ) = [ a a a  b ] = 0

## 7. Which of the following is/are correct ?

fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu/dkSuls lgh gS] gSaµ
           
(A*) If | a |  | b |  | c | = 2 and a.b = b.c = c.a = 2, then
[a  b b  c c  a] = 4 2
   
(B*) The equation of the plane through (3, 4, 1) which is parallel to the plane r  2 i  3 j  5k + 7 = 0  

 
is r . 2iˆ – 3 ˆj  5kˆ  1  0

(C*) The sum of possible values of 'a' such that 2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , ˆi  2ˆj  (1  a) kˆ and 3iˆ  ajˆ  5 kˆ are
coplanar is 1.
(D*) The area of a quadrilateral whose diagonals are 3iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ and ˆi  3ˆj  4kˆ is 5 3
           
(A*) ;fn | a |  | b |  | c | = 2 vkSj a.b = b.c = c.a = 2 gks] rc [a  b b  c c  a] = 4 2
   
(B*) (3, 4, 1) ls xqtjus okys lery dk lehdj.k tks lery r  2 i  3 j  5k +   7 = 0 ds lekUrj gS]
 ˆ
 
r . 2i – 3 ˆj  5kˆ  1  0 gksxkA

(C*) 'a' ds ,sls lEHko ekuksa dk ;ksx ftuds fy;s 2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , ˆi  2ˆj  (1  a) kˆ ,oa 3iˆ  ajˆ  5 kˆ leryh; gS] 1
gksxkA
(D*) ml prqHkZqt dk {ks=kQy ftlds fod.kZ 3iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ vkSj ˆi  3ˆj  4kˆ gS] 5 3 gksxkA
           
Sol. (A) [a  b b  c c  a] = [a b c]2 = [a b c] = 4 2
(B) Equation of plane lery dk lehdj.k 2x – 3y + 5z + 7 = 0
Equation of plane, parallel to the plane 2x – 3y + 5z + 7 = 0 is 2x – 3y + 5z = 
lery 2x – 3y + 5z + 7 = 0 ds lekUrj lery dk lehdj.k 2x – 3y + 5z =  gS] tks
pass through (3, 4, 1) then ls xqtjrk gS rc 6 – 12 + 5 =    = – 1
 equation of plane lery dk lehdj.k 2x – 3y + 5z + 1 = 0
2 1 1
(C) 1 2 1  a = 0  2(10 – a – a2) – (5 – 3 – 3a) + 1(a – 6) = 0
3 a 5
 20 – 2a – 2a2 – 2 + 3a + a – 6 = 0
 –2a2 + 2a + 12 = 0
 a2 – a – 6 = 0
(a – 3) (a + 2) = 0
a = 3, a = –2
 sum of possible values of 'a' is 1. 'a' ds lEHko ekuksa dk ;ksx 1 gksxkA

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i j k
 
(D) d1  d2 = 3 1 2 = (4 – 6) î – ĵ (12 + 2) + k̂ (–9 –1) = –2 î – 14 ĵ – 10 k̂
1 3 4
1 1 12  25
Area {ks=kQy = 4  196  100 = 300 = =5 3
2 2 2

8. Three shots are fired independently at a target in succession. The probabilities of a hit in the first shot is
1 2 3
, in the second and in the third shot is . In case of one hit, the probability of destroying the
2 3 4
2 7
target is and in the case of two hits and in the case of three hits 1.0. Find the probability of
3 11
destroying the target in three shots.
,d y{; ij ,d ds ckn ,d rhu fu'kkus yxk;s tkrs gS igyk] nwljk rFkk rhljk fu'kkuk y{; ij yxus dh
1 2 3 2
izkf;drk Øe'k% , rFkk gSA ;fn ,d fu'kkuk lgh yxkrk gS] rks y{; ds u"V gksus dh izkf;drk gSA blh
2 3 4 3
7
izdkj nks fu'kkuksa ds fy, rFkk rhu fu'kkuksa ds fy, 1.0 gSA rks rhu fu'kkus yxkus ij y{; ds u"V gksus dh
11
izkf;drk Kkr dhft,A
17
Ans.
24
DPP No. : 86 (JEE- MAIN)
Total Marks : 63 Max. Time : 61 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.19 (3 marks 3 min.) [57, 57]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q. 20 (5 marks, 4 min.) [5, 4]
1. If A and B are two non-singular square matrices obeying commutative rule of multiplication then
A3B3(B2A4)–1 A =
;fn A rFkk B nks O;qRØe.kh; oxZ vkO;wg gS tks xq.kuQy esa Øe fofues; fu;e dk ikyu djrs gS] rc A3B3(B2A4)–1
A dk eku gSµ
(A) A (B*) B (C) A2 (D) B2
Sol. A B (A ) (B ) A = B A (A ) (B ) A = B A (B ) A = B (B A) A = B (AB ) A = B3(B2)–1 A–1A = B
3 3 4 –1 2 –1 3 3 4 –1 2 –1 3 –1 2 –1 3 2 –1 3 2 –1

## 2. The number of 2 × 2 matrices X satisfying the matrix equation X2 = I (I is 2 × 2 unit matrix) is

Øe 2 × 2 ds oxZ vkO;wgksa X dh la[;k tks lehdj.k X2 = I dks larq"V djrs gSµ(tgk¡ I, 2 × 2 Øe dk rRled
vkO;wg gS)
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D*) infinite vuUr
a b a b 1 0  a2  bc ab  bd  1 0
Sol. X2 =     =      =  
c d c d 0 1 2
 ac  cd bc  d  0 1
 a2 + bc = 1 ....(1) b(a + d) = 0 ....(2)
 c(a + d) = 0 ....(3) bc + d2 = 1 ....(4)
case-I a+d 0  b = 0 and rFkk c = 0  a = ±1 and rFkk d = ±1
 (a, d) = (1, 1), (–1, –1)  X = I, –I
case-II a+d=0  a2 + bc = 1  infinite matrices vUur vkO;wg

 2   6  1
3. If A =   ,B=  ,C=   are such that AB = C, then absolute value of |A| is
 2    5   1
 2   6  1
;fn A =   , B =  , C =  bl izdkj gSa fd AB = C] rks |A| dk fujis{k eku gS&
  2
   5   1
1 2 1
(A) (B) –30 (C) (D*)
6 27 36

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 2    6   1
Sol.  2    = 
     5   1
 62 – 5 = – 1 and 62 – 5 = – 1
 &  are roots of the equation 6x2 – 5x + 1 = 0
 1 1  1 1
 (, ) =  ,  or  , 
2 3 3 2
1 1
Now |A| = 2 – 2 =  (–) = or –
36 36
     
4. If a and b are non collinear vector such that vectors (x – 2) a  b and (2x + 1) a  b are parallel,
then
(A*) x = 1/3 (B) no real value of x
(C) infinite values of x (D) x = – 1/3
     
;fn a vkSj b vlajs[kh; lfn'k bl izdkj gS fd lfn'k (x – 2) a  b rFkk (2x + 1) a  b lekUrj gS] rc
(A*) x = 1/3 (B) x dk dksbZ okLrfod eku ugha
(C) x ds vUkUr eku (D) x = – 1/3
   
Sol. (x  2) a  b  ((2x  1) a  b)
x –2 =  (2x+1) or ;k 1 = –  x – 2 = –1 (2x+1)
1
3x =1  x=
3

5. The co-ordinates of the point where the line joining P(3, 4, 1) and Q(5, 1, 6) crosses the xy-plane are
fcUnq P(3, 4, 1) vkSj Q(5, 1, 6) dks feykus okyh js[kk xy-lery dks ftl fcUnq ij feyrh gS ml fcUnq ds funsZ'kkad
gS &
 13 23   13 23   13 23   13 23 
(A)   ,  ,0  (B*)  , ,0  (C)  ,  ,0 (D)   , ,0 
 5 5   5 5   5 5   5 5 
Sol. Let required point R divides
 3  5 4   1  6 
PQ in  : 1 ratio  R  , , 
  1  1  1 
1  6 1  13 23 
If it lies on xy plane then =0  =–  R  , ,0 
 1 6  5 5 
HIndi. ekuk vHkh"V fcUnq R gS tks PQ dks  : 1 ds vuqikr esa foHkkftr djrk gSA
 3  5 4   1  6 
 R  , , 
  1  1  1 
1  6 1  13 23 
;fn ;g fcUnq xy lery ij fLFkr gS rks =0  =–  R  , ,0 
 1 6  5 5 
 
6. A vector c of magnitude 20 6 parallel to the bisector of the angle between a  7iˆ  4ˆj  4kˆ and

b  2iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ is
  
20 6 ifjek.k ds lfn'k c ] tks lfn'k a  7iˆ  4ˆj  4kˆ vkSj b  2iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ ds e/; dks.k ds v)Zd ds lekUrj
gS &
20 ˆ 3 ˆ 20 ˆ 20 ˆ
(A) ±
3

2i  7ˆj  kˆ  (B) ±
20

i  7ˆj  2kˆ  (C) ±
3
 i  2ˆj  7kˆ  (D*) ±
3

i  7ˆj  2kˆ 
7iˆ  4ˆj  4kˆ 2iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ
Sol. A vector along the bisector is vðZd ds vuqfn'k lfn'k +
49  16  16 4  1 4
7iˆ  4ˆj  4kˆ 2iˆ  ˆj  2kˆ ˆi  7ˆj  2kˆ
= + =
9 3 9
ˆi  7ˆj  2kˆ 20 ˆ
 The required vectors are vHkh"V lfn'k gksxsa ± 20 6
1  49  4

3

i  7ˆj  2kˆ 
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  
7. If the vectors a , b & c form the sides BC, CA & AB respectively of a triangle ABC, then :
  
;fn lfn'k a , b vkSj c f=kHkqt ABC dh Øe'k% BC, CA rFkk AB Hkqtk,sa cukrs gS] rks &
           
(A) a . b  b . c  c . a = 0 (B*) a  b  b  c  c  a
            
(C) a . b  b . c  c . a (D) a  b  b  c  c  a = 0
A

 
Sol. (c) (b)

B  C
(a)

We have   

a + b+ c = o
     
 a × (a + b + c ) = a × o
         
 a ×a + a ×b + a ×c = o ( a × a = o )
   
 a ×b = c ×a
     
Similarly a × b = c × a = b × c Hence (B)

 
Hindi. (c) (b)

B  C
(a)

ge tkurs gSa
   
a+ b+ c = o
     
 a× (a + b + c ) = a × o
         
 a×a + a ×b + a ×c = o ( a × a = o )
   
 a×b = c ×a
     
blh izdkj a × b = c × a = b × c vr% (B)

ˆ is

## ,d lfn'k ftldk ifj.kke 5 gS rFkk ˆi – 2ˆj  kˆ vkSj (2iˆ  ˆj – 3k)

ˆ ds yEcor~ gS] gksxkµ

5 3 ˆ ˆ ˆ 5 3 ˆ ˆ ˆ 5 3 ˆ ˆ ˆ 5 3 ˆ ˆ ˆ
(A) (i  j – k) (B*) (i  j  k) (C) (i – j  k) (D) (– i  j  k)
3 3 3 3
 
  ab 
Sol. r  5   
| ab |
 
ˆi ˆj kˆ
 
a  b = 1 2 1 = 5iˆ  5 ˆj  5kˆ
2 1 3

 5 3 ˆ ˆ ˆ
r  (i  j  k)
3

     
9. (r . ˆi) (ˆi  r )  (r . ˆj)(ˆj  r )  ( r . kˆ ) (kˆ  r ) =
   
(A*) 0 (B) r (C) 2 r (D) 3 r

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   
Sol. Let ekuk r = xiˆ  yjˆ  zkˆ , r  î  x , r  ĵ  y , r  k̂ = z
i j k

î × r = 1 0 0 = – ĵ (z) + k̂ (y) = – zjˆ + k̂y
x y z
ˆi ˆj kˆ

ĵ × r = 0 1 0 = î(z) + k̂(  x) = – x k̂ + îz
x y z

k̂ × r = – yiˆ + ĵx
Now, vc x( zjˆ + k̂y ) + y ( îz – xkˆ ) + z ( yiˆ  ĵx ) =  xzjˆ + xykˆ + yziˆ – xykˆ zyiˆ + xzjˆ = 0

 
10. Let the centre of the parallelopiped formed by PA  ˆi  2 ˆj  2kˆ ; PB  4 ˆi  3 ˆj  kˆ ;

PC  3 ˆi  5 ˆj  kˆ is given by the position vector (7, 6, 2) . Then the position vector of the point P is
  
;fn PA  ˆi  2 ˆj  2kˆ ; PB  4 ˆi  3 ˆj  kˆ ; PC  3 ˆi  5 ˆj  kˆ ls cus lekUrj "kVQyd ds dsUnz dk fLFkfr
lfn'k (7, 6, 2) gks rks fcUnq P gS&
(A*) (3, 4, 1) (B) (6, 8, 2) (C) (1, 3, 4) (D) (2, 6, 8)
B F
D

Sol.
P A
C
E
P(, , )
A(1 + , 2 + , 2 + )
B(4 + , –3 + , 1 + )
C(3 + , 5 + , –1 + )
D(7 + , 2 + , )
E(5 + , –1 + , 3 + )
F(4 + , 7 + , 1 + )
G(8 + , 4 + , 2 + )
 32  8 16  8 8  8 
Average vkSlr  , , = (7, 6, 2)   = 3,  = 4,  = 1
 8 8 8 

       
11. The magnitudes of vectors a, b and c are respectively 1, 1 and 2. If a  (a  c) + b = 0 , then the acute
 
angle between a & c is
  
(A) (B*) (C) (D) None of these
3 6 4
         
lfn'k a, b o c ds ifjek.k Øe'k% 1, 1 rFkk 2 gSa rFkk a  (a  c) + b = 0 , rc a rFkk c ds e/; U;wudks.k gS&
  
(A) (B*) (C) (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
3 6 4
         
Sol. a  (a  c) = – b  ( a.c ) a – a2c = b
                      
 ( a.c ) a – a2c ).(( a.c ) a – a2c ) = b2  a2 ( a.c )2 – ( a.c )2 a2 – a2 ( a.c )2 + ( a2 )2 c 2 = b2
3 
 –4 cos2  + 4 = 1  cos  = ±  = (acute U;wudks.k)
2 6
  
12. Let V = 2 ˆi  ˆj  kˆ & W = ˆi  3kˆ . If U is a unit vector, then the maximum value of the scalar
  
triple product  U V W  is :
 

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  
ekukfd V = 2 ˆi  ˆj  kˆ vkS j W = ˆi  3kˆ gS A ;fn U ,d bdkbZ lfn'k gSs ] rks vfn'k f=kd xq. ku
  
 U V W  dk vf/kdre eku gS &
 
(A)  1 (B) 10  6 (C*) 59 (D) 60
 
Sol. V  2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , W = ˆi  3kˆ
    
[U V W] = U . [ (2iˆ  ˆj  k)ˆ × (iˆ  3k)
ˆ ] = U . (3iˆ  7 ˆj  k)
ˆ

Which is maximum if angle between U and 3iˆ  7ˆj  kˆ is zero and maximum value = 32  72  12 =
59
 
Hindi. V  2iˆ  ˆj  kˆ , W = ˆi  3kˆ
    
[U V W] = U . [ (2iˆ  ˆj  k)ˆ × (iˆ  3k)
ˆ ] = U . (3iˆ  7 ˆj  k)
ˆ

tks fd vf/kdre gksxk ;fn U ,oa 3iˆ  7ˆj  kˆ ds e/; dks.k 'kwU; gks rFkk ;g vf/kdre eku = 32  72  12 =
59 gksxkA

         
13. Let a, b , c be the three unit vectors such that a  5b  3c  0 , then a . b  c is equal to  
         
ekuk a, b , c rhu bdkbZ lfn'k bl izdkj gS fd a  5b  3c  0 rc a . b  c dk eku gS µ  
       
(A) a.b 
(B) a. b  2c  (C) b.  a  c  (D*) None of these buesa ls dksbZ ugha

         
14.         
For any two vectors a and b , a  ˆi . b  ˆi  a  j . b  j  a  kˆ . b  kˆ is always equal to 
         
         
fdUgha nks lfn'kksa a rFkk b , a  ˆi . b  ˆi  a  j . b  j  a  kˆ . b  kˆ ds fy, ges'kk cjkcj gS &
   
(A) a.b (B*) 2a.b (C) 0 (D) None of these buesa ls dksbZ ugha

## 15. Statement-1 : The three planes x + ay + (b + c) z + d = 0, x + by + (c + a) z + d = 0 and

x + cy + (a + b) z + d = 0 have a line in common.
Statement-2 : If a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0, a2x + b2y + c2z + d2 = 0 and a3x + b3y + c3z + d3 = 0 passes
a1 b1 c1
through a common line then a2 b2 c2  0
a3 b3 c3
(A) Statement-1 is correct and statement-2 is correct and statement-2 is correct explanation of
statement-1
(B*)Statement-1 and statement-2 both are correct but statement-2 is not correct explanation of
statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is false but statement-2 is true
(D) Statement-1 is true but statement-2 is false
dFku -1 : rhu lery x + ay + (b + c) z + d = 0, x + by + (c + a) z + d = 0 vkSj x + cy + (a + b) z + d = 0
,d mHk;fu"B js[kk j[krs gSA
dFku -2 : ;fn a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0, a2x + b2y + c2z + d2 = 0 vkSj a3x + b3y + c3z + d3 = 0 ,d mHk;fu"B
a1 b1 c1
js[kk ls xqtjrs gks ] rks a2 b2 c2  0
a3 b3 c3
(A) dFku&1 lR; gS] dFku&2 lR; gS ; dFku&2, dFku&1 dk lgh Li"Vhdj.k gSA
(B) dFku&1 lR; gS] dFku&2 lR; gS ; dFku&2, dFku&1 dk lgh Li"Vhdj.k ugha gSA
(C) dFku&1 vlR; gS] dFku&2 lR; gSA
(D) dFku&1 lR; gS] dFku&2 vlR; gSA

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x  2 y  10 z  3
16. If the line   meets the curve
5 2 2
xy = a2, z = 1, then number of values of a is
(A*) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) More than 2
x  2 y  10 z  3
;fn js[kk   oØ xy = a2, z = 1 ls feyrh gS] rks a ds ekuksa dh la[;k gS&
5 2 2
(A*) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 2 ls vf/kd
x2 y  10 1 3
Sol. Putting z = 1 j[kus ij = =  x = 12, y = –6
5 5 2
On putting x = 12, y = –6 j[kus ij in xy = a2, we get
a2 = –72, which is impossible tks fd vlaHko gSA 
  No real value of a is possible a dk dksbZ okLrfod eku laHko ugh gS

17. Find the equation of the plane passing through the point (1, 1, –1) and perpendicular to the planes
x + 2y + 3z – 7 = 0 and 2x – 3y + 4z = 0.
ml lery dk lehdj.k Kkr dhft, tks fcUnq (1, 1, – 1) ls xqtjrk gS rFkk leryksa
x + 2y + 3z – 7 = 0 vkSj 2x – 3y + 4z = 0 ds yEcor~ gS &
(A*) 17x + 2y – 7z = 26 (B) 17x – 2y + 7z = 26
(C) 17x + 2y – 7z + 26 = 0 (D) 17x – 2y + 7z + 26 = 0
Sol. Let equation of required plane ekuk lery dk vHkh"V lehdj.k
a(x – 1) + b(y – 1) + c(z + 1) = 0
since it is r to the planes x + 2y + 3z = 7 & 2x – 3y + 4z = 0 
 ;g leryksa x + 2y + 3z = 7 rFkk 2x – 3y + 4z = 0 ds yEcor~ gS 
  a + 2b + 3c = 0
2a – 3b + 4c = 0 
  eqaution of plane is lery dk lehdj.k 17x + 2y – 7z = 26

18. If the papers of 4 students can be checked by any one of the 7 teachers, then the probability that all the
4 papers are checked by exactly 2 teachers is
(A) 2/7 (B*) 6/49 (C) 32/343 (D) None of these
;fn 4 fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds ijh{kk dh dkWih 7 v/;kidksa esa ls fdlh Hkh ,d ds }kjk tk¡ph tk ldrh gS] rks lHkh 4 dkfi;k¡
Bhd nks v/;kidksa }kjk tk¡pus dh izkf;drk gksxhµ
(A) 2/7 (B*) 6/49 (C) 32/343 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugh
Sol. The total number of ways in which papers of 4 students can be checked by 7 teachers is 74.
The number of ways of choosing 2 teachers out of 7 is 7C2. The number of ways in which they can
check four papers is 24, but this includes two ways in which all the papers will be checked by a single
teacher. Therefore, the number of ways in which four papers can be checked by exactly 2 teachers is 24
– 2 = 14.
Therefore, the number of favourable ways is
(7C2) (14) = (21) (14).
(21)(14) 6
Thus, the required probability = 4
=
7 49
Hindi. 4 fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh dkWih dks 7 v/;kidksa }kjk tk¡p ds dqy rjhds 74 gksxsaA
7 esa ls 2 v/;kidksa dks 7C2 rjhdksa ls p;u djsxsaA muds }kjk dkWih tk¡pus ds rjhds 24 gksxsaA ysfdu bu rjhdksa esa oks
2 rjhds Hkh 'kfey gS tc lHkh dkWfi;k¡ ,d v/;kid gh tk¡psaA vr% Bhd 2 v/;kidksa }kjk dkWfi;k tk¡pus ds 24 – 2
rjhdsa gksxsa = 14.
bl izdkj] i{k esa rjhdksa dh la[;k
(7C2) (14) = (21) (14).
(21)(14) 6
vr% vfHk"V izkf;drk = = 4
=
7 49

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        
19. Let a = î + ĵ and b = 2 î – k̂ . The point of intersection of the lines r × a = b × a and r × b = a ×

b is
         
ekukfd a = î + ĵ vkSj b = 2 î – k̂ gSA js[kkvksa r × a = b × a vkSj r × b = a × b dk izfrPNsn fcUnq gS
(A) – î + ĵ + 2 k̂ (B) 3 î – ĵ + k̂ (C*) 3 î + ĵ – k̂ (D) î – ĵ – k̂
          
Sol. r a  ba  r a – ba  0 or (r – b)  a  0
  
r  b  a ... (i)
Similarly other line is
blh izdkj nwljh js[kk gS
  
r  a  b
Clearly common point is
Li"Vr;k mHk;fu"V fcUnq gSA
 
a  b  3iˆ  ˆj – kˆ

20. If variance of variables a, 2a, 2a, 3a, 3a, 3a, . . . . , 10a is 54 then value of ‘a’ can be
;fn pjksa a, 2a, 2a, 3a, 3a, 3a, . . . . , 10a dk izlj.k (variance) 54 gS] rks ‘a’ dk eku gks ldrk gS &
(A*) 3 (B*) –3 (C) 9 (D) 6

Sol. x
a  2a  2a  . . . . 10a

a 12
 2 2
 . . . .  10 2
= 7a

55 55
 x 2i
variance pfjrk = 54  – (7a)2 = 54
55

 

a 2 13  23  . . . . 10 3  – 49a 2 = 54
55
  6a2 = 54  a2 = 9  a=±3

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