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Sc Physics

Existing Courses Revised Courses

Methods of Methods of

PHY-701 Mathematical 3 (3 – 0) PHY-551 Mathematical 3 (3 – 0)

Physics-I Physics-I

Vector, gradient, divergence, curl, Laplace, Vector operations, Physical significance of DEL

divergence theorem, Green’s theorem, Stokes’s operator, Gauss’s divergence theorem, Green’s

theorem, curvilinear coordinates, orthogonal theorem, Stokes’s theorem, Orthogonal

curvilinear coordinates, gradient in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates system, Gradient,

curvilinear coordinates, divergence and curl in Divergence, Curl and Laplacian in orthogonal

orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Laplacian, curvilinear coordinates, Spherical polar and

spherical polar coordinates. Complex numbers, Cylindrical coordinates systems. Complex

Euler’s formula, De Moivre’s theorem, numbers, Euler’s formula, De Moivre’s theorem,

elementary functions, analytic functions of elementary functions, analytic functions of

complex variables, Cauchy-Riemann equation, complex variables, Cauchy-Riemann equation,

harmonic functions, complex integration, harmonic functions, complex integration,

Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula,

Taylor and Laurent series, Contour integrals, Taylor and Laurent series, Contour integrals,

singularities and residues, residue theorem, poles singularities and residues, residue theorem,

on the real axis, branch points and integrals of branch points and integrals of multivalued

multivalued functions. Tensors, coordinate functions. Tensors Analysis and applications.

transformation, rank of a tensor, covariant and

contravariant tensors, Tensor algebra, metric

tensor, Christoffel symbols, equation of geodesic,

Reimann tensor. Recommended Books:

Mathematical Physics, S. Chand &

1. “Advanced Engineering Mathematics” by Company Ltd. New Delhi.

E. Kreyszig, Wiley, New York, 1999. 2. Kreyszig E. 2011, 10th Edition,

2. “Mathematical Methods for Physicists” Advanced Engineering Mathematics.

by G. B. Arfken and H. J. Weber, A. Wiley, New York.

Press, New York, 1995. 3. Riley K F, M P Hobson and S J Bence.

3. “Mathematical Methods for Physics and 2006, 3rd Edition, Mathematical Methods

Engineering” by K. F. Riley, M. P. for Physics and Engineering, Cambridge

Hobson and S. J. Bence, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

University Press, Cambridge, 1997. 4. Arfken G.B and H.J Weber, F.E Harris,

4. “Complex variable” by Murray R 2012, 7th Edition, Mathematical Methods

Spiegel, Schaum’s outlines series, for Physicists, A. Press, New York.

McGraw Hill 1974. 5. Spiegel M.R 2009, 1st Edition Advanced

Mathematics for Engineers and

Scientists, Schaum’s outlines series,

McGraw Hill.

6. Collins R.E, 2011, 2nd Edition,

Mathematical Methods for Physicists and

Engineers, Dover Publications.

7. Tang K.T, 2010, 2nd Edition,

Mathematical Methods for Engineers and

Scientists 2, Springer.

1

Classical Classical

PHY-702 3 (3 – 0) PHY-553 3 (3 – 0)

Mechanics Mechanics

Newtonian mechanics of single particle & system

of particles, constraints, generalized coordinates,

D’Alembert’s Principle , Derivation of

Lagrange’s equations, simple applications of the

lagrangian formulation, Hamilton’s Principle,

Historical development of classical mechanics, Techniques of the calculus of variation,

Newtonian mechanics of single particle & system

Derivation of Lagrange’s equation from

of particles, constraints, generalized coordinates,

D’Alembert’s Principle, Derivation of Lagrange’s Hamilton’s principle, Applications of Hamilton’s

equations, simple applications of the lagrangian principle, shortest distance between two points in

formulation, Hamilton’s Principle, Techniques of a plane and space, minimum surface of

the calculus of variation, conservation theorem & revolution, the Brachistochrone problem,

symmetry properties, Two body central force conservation theorem , Two body central force

problem & its reduction to the equivalent one problem & its reduction to the equivalent one

body problem, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion,

body problem, Kepler’s law as an inverse square

planetary orbits & their equations, perturbations

of orbit, Legendre transformations, Hamilton’s law problem, Differential equation for the orbits

equation of motion, Hamiltonian, cyclic and the different shapes of the orbit, planetary

coordinates, Routh’s Procedure, The equations & orbits & their equations, Legendre

examples of canonical transformations, transformations and its applications, Derivation

Lagrange’s bracket & their properties, Poisson’s of Hamilton’s equation of motion, Hamiltonian,

brackets & their properties, Poisson’s brackets & cyclic coordinates, Routh’s Procedure, The

other canonical invariants.

equations & examples of canonical

Recommended Books: transformations, Poisson’s brackets & their

properties, Poisson’s brackets & other canonical

1. “Classical Mechanics”, by H. Goldstein, invariants, Poisson’s theorem, invariance of

Addison-Wesley, reading, 1950

2. “Mechanics”, by L.D. Landau and E.M. Poisson’s bracket under canonical

Lifshitz, Pergamon, Oxford. 1960. transformation.

3. “Classical Mechanics”, by J.W. Leech

Methuen and Co. Ltd., London, 1958. Recommended Books:

4. “Classical Mechanics”, by V.D. Barger

and M.G. Olsson, McGraw-Hill, New 1. Goldstein H, P Charle and J L Safko.

York, 1995. 2001, Classical Mechanics. Addison-

5. “Classical Mechanics”, by L. Chow. Wesley.

6. “Analytical Mechanics”, by L. N. Hand 2. Hand L N and J.D Finch. 1998,

and J.D Finch, Cambridge University Analytical Mechanics. Cambridge

Press, Cambridge, 1998. University Press, Cambridge.

3. Barger V D and M G Olsson. 1995,

Classical Mechanics. McGraw-Hill, New

York.

4. Landau L D and E M Lifshitz.

Mechanics. 1960, Pergamon, Oxford.

5. Classical Mechanics by J.W. Leech

Methuen and Co. Ltd., London, 1958.

Classical

PHY-703 3 (3 – 0) PHY-555 Electrodynamics-I 3 (3 – 0)

Electrodynamics-I

2

Electric dipole, Electric field and electric

potential at a point due to dipole, mutual

interaction energy of two dipoles, Force and

Couple on the dipole placed in an external

electric field, Dielectrics: Polarization and

polarization density vector, surface and volume

The Electrostatic field in di-electric media, charge densities due to polarization, electric field

polarization, field outside di-electric media, inside the dielectric, electric susceptibility and

boundary conditions on field vectors, boundary dielectric constant, Poisson and Laplace

value problems involving di-electrics, di-electric equations both for dielectric and space, Solution

sphere in uniform electric field, microscopic to Laplace equation in Cartesian, spherical and

theory of dielectrics. Equation of Poisson and cylindrical coordinates, Uncharged conducting

Laplace, applications of Laplace’s equation to

and dielectric sphere in uniform electric field,

problems (Conductors and dielectrics) having

spherical cylindrical and Cartesian symmetry, Electrostatic Images, Point charge near an

electrical images (conductors and dielectrics). infinite grounded conducting plane, Electric

Electric Current: Nature of the current, current potential, electric field intensity and surface

density and equation of continuity, Ohm’s law, charge density in case of point charge and

steady current in media without sources of e.m.f., conducting sphere.Electric current: nature of

approach to electrostatic equilibrium. The electric current, current density, equation of

magnetic field of static current, Magnetic

Induction, force on current carrying conductors, continuity, Ohm’s law, steady current in media

Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s circuital law, the without source of e. m. f., Approach to

magnetic vector and scalar potentials, the electrostatic equilibrium, Magnetic properties of

magnetic field of a distant circuit. Magnetic steady current: Current carrying element, Force

properties of Matter: Magnetization, vector M on current carrying conductor, Biot-savart law

and H produced by magnetized materials field and their applications, Ampere’s circuital law

equation, boundary conditions on the field

and their applications, Magnetic vector and scalar

vectors.

potential, Magnetic field of a distant circuit,

Recommended Books: Magnetic properties of matter: Magnetization

vectors M, Magnetic current densities due to

1. “Classical Electrodynamics”, by Jackson,

surface and volume currents and vector potential,

Wiley, 1975

2. “Electricity and Magnetism”, by W.J. Magnetic field due to the magnetized material,

Duffin, McGraw-Hill, 1990 Magnetic scalar potential and pole density,

3. “Electromagnetism”, by I.S Grant and Magnetic intensity vector H, Relation between H

W.R Phillips Wiley, 1990 and M, Field equation, Magnetic susceptibility

4. “Introduction to Electrodynamics”, by and permeability, Boundary conditions on the

D.Griffiths Prentice Hall, 1989. field vectors.

Recommended Books:

Electrodynamics, 3rd Edition

2. John R. Reitz, 1992, Foundations of

Electromagnetic Theory, 4th Edition

PHY-704 Electronics-I 3 (3 – 0) PHY-557 Electronics-I 3 (3 – 0)

Liner network analysis; superposition, Thevenin, Liner network analysis; superposition, Thevenin,

Norton and Mill man’s theorems, Electronics: the Norton and Mill man’s theorems, Electronics: the

p-n junction, Bias the p-n junction diode, diode, p-n junction, Bias the p-n junction diode, diode,

3

characteristics of diode, different models and characteristics of diode, different models and

types of diodes, half-wave and full-wave rectifier, types of diodes, half-wave and full-wave

full-wave bridge rectifier, capacitor, inductive, rectifier, full-wave bridge rectifier, capacitor,

and πR filters, Zener voltage regulators, regulated inductive, and πR filters, Clipping and clamping

power supply, Clipping and clamping circuits, circuits, Zener voltage regulators, regulated

varactor diodes. Bipolar junction transistor (BJT), power supply, varactor diodes, Optical diodes,

transistor characteristics, biasing circuits such as Light emitting Diodes. Bipolar junction transistor

base bias, emitter bias, voltage-divider bias, (BJT), transistor characteristics, biasing circuits

feedback bias circuits, amplifier classifications, such as base bias, emitter bias, voltage-divider

common emitter amplifier, the emitter followers, bias, feedback bias circuits, amplifier

the common base amplifier. RC-coupled classifications, common emitter amplifier, the

amplifiers, Power amplifiers, (class A, class B emitter followers, the common base amplifier.

amplifiers), introduction to Junction field-effect RC-coupled amplifiers, Power amplifiers, (class

transistors (JFET), JFET biasing circuits, the A, class B amplifiers, class C amplifier),

common source follower, introduction to introduction to Junction field-effect transistors

MOSFET. (JFET), JFET biasing circuits, the common

source follower, introduction to MOSFET.

Recommended Books:

Recommended Books:

1. “Basic Electronics”, by B. Grob, 8th

Edition 1. Floyd, T. L. 2010. Electronic Devices

2. “Electronic Devices”, by Thomas L. 9TH Ed. Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc.,

Floyd. 5th Edition Englewood Cliffs (USA).

3. “Electronic Principles”, by Albert P. 2. Nashelsky, L. & Robert, L. B. 2009.

Malvino, 5th Edition Glencoe-MeGraw- Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory

Hill Book Co., 10TH Ed. Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc.,

4. “Electronic Devices and Circuit theory”, Englewood Cliffs (USA).

by Robert Boylestad and Louis Nashlsky 3. Malvino, A. P. 2008. Electronic

6th Edition., Prentice-hall International, Principles. 7TH Ed. Glencoe-McGraw-

Inc, (USA): 1996. Hill Book Co.

5. “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, by 4. Grob, B. 2003. Basic Electronics 9TH

Theodre F. Bogart, Jr. 4th edition, Ed. McGraw-Hill.

Prentice-Hall, upper saddle River, NJ

(USA) 1997.

Relativity and Relativity and

PHY-705 3 (3 – 0) PHY-559 3 (3 – 0)

Cosmology Cosmology

Special Relativity, Galilean relativity, Einstein’s

postulates of special relativity. Consequences of

postulates of special relativity. Michelson-Morley

special relativity. Michelson-Morley experiment,

experiment. Lorentz transformations, structure of

Lorentz transformations, consequences of

space time, Minkowski space time tensors, the

Lorentz transformations (the relativity of length,

light cone, and four vectors. Relativistic

the relativity of time, concept of simultaneity)

Mechanics, Force equation in relativity, rest mass

Relativistic Mechanics, Transformation of

,KE and total energy, conservation of energy and

relativistic velocities, addition of relativistic

moment, Elements of Tensor Calculus: Manifolds

velocities, Relativity of mass, Force equation in

and coordinates, curves and surfaces, tensor

relativity, rest mass ,KE and total energy,

fields, geodesics, Riemann tensor, metric tensor,

conservation of energy and momentum,

General Relativity equation of geodesics

deviation, Einstein’s field equations. Cosmology the conversion of mass to kinetic energy in

cosmological redshift, Hubble’s law, microwave Uranium Fission, pair production and

background, the Big Bang, Theory, Historical annihilation, The Cerenkov Effect and Cerenkov

background of universe. radiation, Einstein’s mass-energy relationship

and its practical examples, particle of Zero rest

4

Recommended Books: mass, Relativistic Doppler Effect, Aberration of

Light, Tachyons, structure of space time,

1. “Dynamics and Relativity”, by W.D. Geometry of space time, Minkowski space time

McComb, Oxford University Press, 1999 tensors, the light cone, and four vectors (position

2. “Introduction to Cosmology”, by J.V. four vector, four velocity, four momentum, four

Narlikar, Cambridge University Press, force). General relativity, Gravity as a Geometry,

1989. The equivalence principle, clocks in a gravitation

3. “Introducing Einstein’s Relativity”, by field, space time is curved, geodesics, the

R.D’ Inverno, Oxford University Press, geodesic equation, equation of geodesic

1992. deviation, Einstein field equation Manifolds and

coordinates, curves and surfaces, tensor fields,

metric tensor. Cosmology cosmological redshift,

Hubble’s law, microwave background, the Big

Bang, Theory, Historical background of universe,

stars , neutron stars, pulsars , black holes,

quasars, singularity, measuring the distance to

stars, concept of open, closed and flat universe,

dark matter(MACHOs and WIMPs-)

Recommended Books:

General Relativity. Hartle Pearson Education

2. Beiser A. 2002. 6th E. Perspectives of

Modern Physics. McGraw-Hill.

3. Resnick, Halliday and Krane. 2002, Physics

Vol. I, 5th Ed. John Wiley and Sons Inc,

New York.

4. Inverno R.D. Introducing Einstein’s

Relativity.1992, Oxford University Press.

5. McComb W D. 1999, Dynamics and

Relativity. Oxford University Press.

6. Narlikar J V. 1989, Introduction to

Cosmology. Cambridge University Press.

Physics Lab

Lab Course-I

PHY-706 Course-I 3 (0 – 3) PHY-561 3 (0 – 3)

(Electromagnetism)

(Electromagnetism)

DC conductors by recording their current DC conductors by recording their current

/ voltage characteristics. / voltage characteristics.

2. To study the internal resistance and 2. To study the internal resistance and

matching in various voltage sources and matching in various voltage sources and

draw their power diagrams. draw their power diagrams.

3. To determine impedance and resonance 3. Establishment of relationship between

frequency of inductors in series and electrostatic force and charge,

parallel. electrostatic force and distance between

4. Establishment of relationship between charges and to determine the electric

electrostatic force and charge, constant using Coulomb’s Law / image

electrostatic force and distance between charge.

charges and to determine the electric 4. To study the ferromagnetic hysterisis of a

constant using Coulomb’s Law / image two ring-shaped iron cores by continuous

charge. adjustable direct current and to determine

5. To study the ferromagnetic hysterisis of a the remanence and coersive field

5

two ring-shaped iron cores by continuous strength.

adjustable direct current and to determine 5. Investigation of induced current and

the remanence and coersive field voltage in secondary coil of a

strength. transformer as a function of number of

6. Investigation of induced current and turns and current flowing in the primary

voltage in secondary coil of a transformer coil.

as a function of number of turns and 6. To determine the inductance and phase

current flowing in the primary coil. displacement of coil (single, parallel and

7. To determine the inductance and phase series formations) in AC circuit as a

displacement of coil (single, parallel and function of frequency of voltage source.

series formations) in AC circuit as a 7. To determine the capacitance and phase

function of frequency of voltage source. displacement of capacitor (single,

8. To determine the capacitance and phase parallel and series formations) in AC

displacement of capacitor (single, parallel circuit as a function of frequency of

and series formations) in AC circuit as a voltage source.

function of frequency of voltage source. 8. To determine the dielectric constants of

9. To determine frequency of AC supply different materials.

using a cathode ray oscilloscope. 9. To study the ripple of the output voltage

10. To determine the dielectric constants of of various rectifier circuits as a function

different materials. of the load current strength and the

11. To study the behavior of RLC series and charging capacitance.

parallel circuit and determination of its 10. To study the frequency response of

resonance frequency. (Optional: To simple RC filters by point-by-point

determine the dielectric constant using measurements and the sweep displayed

RLC series circuit.) on the oscilloscope.

12. To study the ripple of the output voltage 11. To investigate the filter characteristics as

of various rectifier circuits as a function a function of frequency of a coil, a

of the load current strength and the capacitor, an Ohmic resistance and

charging capacitance. combinations of these components and to

13. To study the frequency response of determine the phase displacement of the

simple RC filters by point-by-point filters as a function of frequency.

measurements and the sweep displayed 12. To study the behavior of RLC series and

on the oscilloscope. parallel circuit and determination of its

14. To investigate the filter characteristics as resonance frequency. (Optional: To

a function of frequency of a coil, a determine the dielectric constant using

capacitor, an Ohmic resistance and RLC series circuit.)

combinations of these components and to Recommended Books:-

determine the phase displacement of the 1. Kraftmakers, Y. 2007. Experiments and

filters as a function of frequency. demonstrations in Physics, World

Scientific Publishing Co. Ltd.

2. Griffiths D J., Introduction to

Electrodynamics, 3rd Edition

3. Isenberg, C. 1996. Physics Experiments

and Projects for students (Physics

experiments & Projects). Taylor and

Francis, USA.

Methods of Methods of

PHY-707 Mathematical 3 (3 – 0) PHY-552 Mathematical 3 (3 – 0)

Physics-II Physics-II

Special functions, Hermite Polynomial, Legendre Fourier Analysis, Fourier cosine and sine series,

and associate Legendre polynomial. Lagrange change of interval, Fourier integral, complex

polynomial, Bessel function, Neumann function, form of Fourier series, Fourier transform, Fourier

6

Modified and spherical Bessel function, Gamma transform of derivatives, Laplace transform,

function, error function. Fourier series, cosine and Inverse Laplace Transform, Convolution

sine series, change of interval, Fourier integral, theorem, Initial boundary value problem, Laplace

complex form of Fourier series, Fourier transform of derivatives. Physical significance

transform, Fourier transform of derivatives, along with examples of Fourier and Laplace

convolution theorem, Laplace transform, Laplace transforms. Special functions, Hermite, Laguerre,

transform of derivatives. Applications of Fourier Legendre and associate Legendre polynomial.

and Laplace transforms. Boundary value problem Bessel function, Neumann function, and

in physics, boundary value problems and series spherical Bessel function, Gamma function.

solution, the Sturn-Liouville problem, non- Nonhomogeneous equations- Green’s function,

homogeneous boundary value problem and Green’s function in terms of Eigen-function, the

green’s function, Green’s function for one- Sturm-Liouville problem, Green’s function for

dimensional problem eigen-function expansion of Dirac Delta functions,

Green’s function, Green’s function in higher

dimensions, Green’s function for Poisson’s

equation, quantum mechanical scattering

problem. Recommended Books:

Mathematical Physics, S. Chand &

1. “Advanced Engineering Mathematics” by Company Ltd. New Delhi.

E. Kreyszig, Wiley, New York, 1999. 2. Kreyszig E. 2011, 10th Edition,

2. “Mathematical Methods for Physicists” Advanced Engineering Mathematics.

by G. B. Arfken and H. J. Weber, A. Wiley, New York.

Press, New York, 1995. 3. Riley K F, M P Hobson and S J Bence.

3. “Mathematical Methods for Physics and 2006, 3rd Edition, Mathematical Methods

Engineering” by K. F. Riley, M. P. for Physics and Engineering, Cambridge

Hobson and S. J. Bence, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

University Press, Cambridge, 1997. 4. Arfken G.B and H.J Weber, F.E Harris,

4. “Complex variable” by Murray R 2012, 7th Edition, Mathematical Methods

Spiegel, Schaum’s outlines series, for Physicists, A. Press, New York.

McGraw Hill 1974. 5. Spiegel M.R 2009, 1st Edition Advanced

Mathematics for Engineers and

Scientists, Schaum’s outlines series,

McGraw Hill.

6. Collins R.E, 2011, 2nd Edition,

Mathematical Methods for Physicists and

Engineers, Dover Publications.

7. Tang K.T, 2010, 2nd Edition,

Mathematical Methods for Engineers and

Scientists 2, Springer.

Quantum Quantum

PHY-708 3 (3 – 0) PHY-554 3 (3 – 0)

Mechanics-I Mechanics-I

Review of concepts of classical mechanics, The Review of concepts of classical mechanics, The

state of a system, Dynamical variables and state of a system, Dynamical variables and

operators, Linear vector space, orthogonal operators, Linear vector space, orthogonal

systems, linear transformations, matrices, change

systems, linear transformations, matrices, change

of basis, Hilbert space, Commuting and non

commuting operators, Heisenberg uncertainty of basis, Hilbert space, Commuting and non

relations, Functions and expectation values, Dirac commuting operators, Heisenberg uncertainty

notation, Hermitian operators, Time evolution of relations, Functions and expectation values,

a system, Schrödinger and Heisenberg pictures, Dirac notation, Hermitian operators, Symmetry

Symmetry principles and conservation laws, principles and conservation laws, Orbital angular

7

Orbital angular momentum, Spin, The momentum, Spin, The eigenvalues and eigen

eigenvalues and eigen functions of L2 and Lx, functions of L2 and Lx, Matrix representation of

Matrix representation of angular momentum angular momentum operators, Addition of

operators, Addition of angular momenta.

angular momenta. Properties of one dimensional

Properties of one dimensional potential functions,

Solutions of Schrödinger equation for free potential functions, Solutions of Schrödinger

particles, the potential barrier problems, The equation for free particles, the potential barrier

linear harmonic oscillator, Particle in a box. problems, The linear harmonic oscillator, Particle

Schrödinger Equation in Three Dimensions, in a box. Schrödinger Equation in Three

Separation of Schrodinger equation in Cartesian Dimensions, Separation of Schrodinger equation

coordinates, Central potentials, The free particle, in Cartesian coordinates, Central potentials, The

Three dimensional square well potential, The

free particle, Three dimensional square well

hydrogen atom, Three dimensional isotopic

oscillator. potential, The hydrogen atom, Three dimensional

isotopic oscillator.

Recommended Books:

Recommended Books:

1. “Introductory quantum Mechanics”, by

R.L. Liboff, Addison Wesley Publishing 1. Zettli N. 2009 “Quantum Mechanics

Company, Reading Massachusetts, 1980. Concepts and applications” J Willy.

2. “Introductory Quantum mechanic”, by 2. Bransden B.H. & Joachain C.J. 1990

B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, “Introductory Quantum mechanics”,

Longman Scientific & Technical London, Longman Scientific & Technical

1990. London.

3. “An Introduction Quantum Mechanics”, 3. Liboff, R.L. 1980. “Introductory

by W.Greiner, Addison Wesley quantum Mechanics”, by Addison

Publishing Company, Reading Wesley Publishing Company, Reading

Massachusetts, 1980. Massachusetts,

4. “Quantum Mechanics”, by N. Zettli 4. W.Greiner 1980 “An Introduction

Quantum Mechanics”, Addison Wesley

Publishing Company, Reading

Massachusetts.

Solid State Solid State

PHY-709 3 (3 – 0) PHY-556 3 (3 – 0)

Physics-I Physics-I

Crystal structure in 2D and 3D, fundamental Crystal structure in 2D and 3D, fundamental

types of lattices, index system for crystal planes, types of lattices, index system for crystal planes,

simple crystal structures, X-ray diffraction, simple crystal structures, X-ray diffraction,

Braggs law, reciprocal lattice, Diffraction of Braggs law, Ewald Construction, reciprocal

waves by crystals, scattered wave amplitude, lattice, Diffraction of waves by crystals, scattered

Brillouin zones, crystal binding and elastic

wave amplitude, Brillouin zones, crystal binding

constants, Classification of Solids, ionic crystals,

covalent crystals, Ionic Radii, II-VI and III-V and elastic constants, Classification of Solids,

compounds, Molecular crystals, metals, Cohesive ionic crystals, covalent crystals, Ionic Radii, II-

energy, The Lenard Jones Potential, Density, VI and III-V compounds, Molecular crystals,

Cohesive energy and Bulk Modulus of crystalline metals, Cohesive energy, The Lenard Jones

solids, The Madelung constant, Cohesion in Potential, Density, Cohesive energy and Bulk

Covalent crystals, elastic waves in cubic crystals.

Modulus of crystalline solids, The Madelung

Vibration of crystals with monatomic basis, two

atoms per primitive basis, quantization of elastic constant, Cohesion in Covalent crystals, elastic

waves, normal vibration modes and phonon, waves in cubic crystals. Brief Introduction to

phonon momentum, inelastic scattering by Defects in Solids, Color Center, Vibration of

phonons, Phonon heat capacity, lattice heat crystals with monatomic basis, two atoms per

8

capacity, Einstein and Debye models. primitive basis, quantization of elastic waves,

normal vibration modes and phonon, phonon

Recommended Books:

momentum, inelastic scattering by phonons,

1. “Introduction to Solid State Physics”, by Phonon heat capacity, lattice heat capacity,

C. Kittle, 7th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Einstein and Debye models.

Inc. 1996.

2. “Solid state physics”, by Neil W. Recommended Books:

Ashcroft, N. David Mermin, CBS

Publishing Asia Ltd. 1987. 1. M. Ali Omer, 2009 “Elementary Solid

3. “Solid State Physics”, by J. S. State

Blakemroe, Cambridge University Press Physics”, 6th Edition. D. Kindersley

1991. Pvt.

Ltd.

2. H. Ibach, H. Luth, 2009 “ Solid State

Physics:

An introduction to the principles of

material

science” 4th Edition by Springer.

3. C. Kittle, 2004 “Introduction to

Solid State Physics”, 8th Edition by John

Wiley and Sons Inc.

Classical

PHY-710 3 (3 – 0) PHY-558 Electrodynamics-II 3 (3 – 0)

Electrodynamics-II

Maxwell’s equations, Differential form of

Maxwell’s equations and the generalization of the

Ampere’s law, electromagnetic energy, vector Faraday law of electromagnetic induction,

and scalar potentials, gauge transformation Maxwell correction of Amper’s law and

(Lorentz gauge, coulombs gauge), pressure of displacement current, Electromagnetic energy

radiations, green’s function for time dependentvector (Poynting vector), Wave equations for

wave equation, retarded scalar and vector scalar and vector potential, Gauge

potentials, Propagation of plane EM waves: Plane

transformations, Lorentz gauge and Coulombs

electromagnetic wave, plane waves in a

gauge, Retarded scalar and vector potentials,

conducting and non-conducting media, linear and

Wave equations for E and H, Time dependent

circular polarization. Reflection & Refraction of

EM waves: reflection and refraction at the wave equation, Plane electromagnetic waves in a

boundary of two non-conducting media conducting and non-conducting media, Linear

(dielectric) - Normal incidence, reflection & and circular polarization. Electromagnetic wave

refraction at the boundary of conducting media,in matter: Propagation in linear media, Reflection

propagation B/w parallel conducting plates.

and Transmission at the boundary of non-

Radiation emission: The filed of uniformly

moving and accelerated charges, radiation form conducting media (Normal and Oblique

an oscillating dipole, transformation laws of incidence), Reflection at conducting surface,

electromagnetic fields. Frequency dependence of permittivity,

Radiation: Electric and Magnetic dipole, Power

Recommended Books: radiated by a point charge, Radiation reaction,

1. “Classical Electrodynamics”, by Jackson, Electrodynamics and Relativity: Einstein’s

Wiley, 1975. Postulates, Geometry of Relativity, Lorentz

2. “Foundation of electromagnetic theory”, Transformations, Proper time and velocity,

by, J. Riejz, Relativistic energy, momentum, kinematics, and

3. “Electricity and Magnetism”, by W.J. electrodynamics, Magnetism as a relativistic

Duffin, McGraw-Hill, 1990

9

4. “Electromagnetism”, by I.S Grant and phenomenon.

W.R Phillips Wiley, 1990

5. “Introduction to Electrodynamics”, by Recommended Books:

D.Griffiths Prentice Hall, 1989.

1. Griffiths D.J. 1999, Introduction to

Electrodynamics, 3rd Edition

2. John R. Reitz, 1992, Foundations of

Electromagnetic Theory, 4th Edition

PHY-711 Electronics-II 3 (3 – 0) PHY-560 Electronics-II 3 (3 – 0)

the differential amplifier, the inverting and non- the differential amplifier, the inverting and non-

inverting amplifiers, op-amp frequency response, inverting amplifiers, op-amp frequency response,

negative feedback, comparators, integrators and

negative feedback, comparators, integrators and

differentiators, class C amplifiers, phase shift

oscillators, the Wienbridge oscillator, the Colpitts differentiators, Instrumentation amplifier, Log

& Hartley oscillators, the crystal oscillator, and Antilog amplifiers, Constant current source,

switching circuits, Schmitt triggers, the 555 timer, Current to Voltage and Voltage to Current

monostable, bistable, and astable multi vibrators, converters, phase shift oscillators, the

introduction to thyristors, silicon-controlled Wienbridge oscillator, the Colpitts & Hartley

rectifiers, diacs and triacs, discrete photo diodes, oscillators, the crystal oscillator, Schmitt triggers,

opto-isolators, and opto-interrupters. Number

the 555 timer, monostable, bistable, and astable

systems, digital circuits, Bipolar transistor logic

wired logic, unipolar logic, flip flops and latches, multi vibrators, switching circuits, introduction

binary counters, arithmetic circuits, to thyristors, silicon-controlled rectifiers, diacs

and triacs, Number systems, digital circuits,

Recommended Books: Logic gates and Boolean algebra, arithmetic

1. “Electronic Devices”, by Thomas L. circuits, flip flops and latches, binary counters,

Floyd. 5th Edition Analog to Digital and Digital to analog

2. “Electronic Principles”, by Albert P. conversion circuits.

Malvino, 5th Edition Glencoe-MeGraw-

Hill Book Co., Recommended Books:

3. “Introductory electronic Devices and

Circuits”, by Robert T. Payneter, 1. Floyd, T. L. 2010. Digital

Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc. Upper Saddle Fundamentals 10TH Ed. Prentice-

River N.Y. USA, 1994. Hall Intern. Inc., Englewood Cliffs

4. “Electronic Circuits and Systems”, by J.D (USA).

Ryder, Charles M. Thomson, Prentice- 2. Floyd, T. L. 2010. Electronic

Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs. New Jersey Devices 9TH Ed. Prentice-Hall

(USA) 1976. Intern. Inc., Englewood Cliffs

(USA).

3. Malvino, A. P. 2008. Electronic

Principles. 7TH Ed. Glencoe-

McGraw-Hill Book Co.

4. Nashelsky, L. & Robert, L. B. 2009.

Electronic Devices and Circuit

Theory 10TH Ed. Prentice-Hall

Intern. Inc., Englewood Cliffs

(USA).

5. Tocci, R. J. 2010. Digital Systems:

Principles and Applications 11TH

Ed. Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc.,

Englewood Cliffs (USA).

10

Physics Lab

Lab Course-II

PHY-712 Course-II 3 (0 – 3) PHY-562 3 (0 – 3)

(Electronics)

(Electronics).

resistance and capacitance of parallel

series resistive and capacitive circuits

respectively.

2. Design a full-wave rectifier and study its

output without and with a capacitor filter.

3. Design a full-wave rectifier and study its

output with a π filter.

1. Design a full-wave rectifier and study its

4. Design a regulated power supply using

output without and with a capacitor filter.

Zener diode and study its regulation.

2. Design a full-wave rectifier and study its

5. Design clipper and clamping circuits and

output with a π filter.

study the output wave shapes.

3. Design a regulated power supply using

6. Design circuits for logic gates (NOT,

Zener diode and study its regulation.

OR, NOR, AND, NAND, XOR) using

4. Design clipper and clamping circuits and

discrete components.

study the output wave shapes.

7. Design a CE amplifier and study its

5. Design circuits for logic gates (NOT, OR,

frequency response. Determine its low-

NOR, AND, NAND, XOR) using

and upper-limit frequencies and also the

discrete components.

bandwidth.

6. Design differentiator and integrator

8. Design a common source FET amplifier

circuits and study output wave shapes.

and determine its input and output

7. Design a CE amplifier and study its

impedance.

frequency response. Determine its low-

9. Design an RC phase-shift oscillator and

and upper-limit frequencies and also the

determine its frequency by Lissajous

bandwidth.

figures.

8. Design a common source FET amplifier

10. Design an astable multi vibrator and

and determine its input and output

determine its frequency.

impedance.

11. Design a transformer-coupled class A

9. Design an RC phase-shift oscillator and

power amplifier and determine its ac

determine its frequency by Lissajous

power delivered to the load and percent

figures.

efficiency.

10. Design an astable multi vibrator and

12. Design inverting and non-inverting

determine its frequency.

amplifiers using operational amplifiers

11. Design a transformer-coupled class A

using 741 IC’s.

power amplifier and determine its ac

13. Design differentiator and integrator

power delivered to the load and percent

circuits and study output wave shapes

efficiency.

using 741 IC’s.

12. Design Half adder and full adder circuits

14. Design Half adder and full adder circuits

13. Design half subtractor transistor and Full

15. Design half subtractor and Full

Subtractor circuits.

Subtractor circuits.

14. Design inverting and non-inverting

amplifiers using operational amplifiers. Recommended Books:

Devices 9TH Ed. Prentice-Hall Intern.

Inc., Englewood Cliffs (USA).

2. Nashelsky, L. & Robert, L. B. 2009.

Electronic Devices and Circuit

Theory 10TH Ed. Prentice-Hall

Intern. Inc., Englewood Cliffs

11

(USA).

3. Malvino, A. P. 2008. Electronic

Principles. 7TH Ed. Glencoe-

McGraw-Hill Book Co.

4. Grob, B. 2003. Basic Electronics 9TH

Ed. McGraw-Hill.

Quantum Quantum

PHY-713 3 (3 – 0) PHY-651 3 (3 – 0)

Mechanics-II Mechanics-II

Identical Particles, Second Quantization,

Matrix representation of operators, digitalization, Indistinguishability of identical particles,

Identical Particles, Second Quantization, Systems of identical particles, Quantum

Indistinguishability of identical particles, Systems dynamics of identical particle systems, statistics,

of identical particles, Quantum dynamics of

Symmetry of states, Fermions, Bosons. Time

identical particle systems, statistics, Symmetry of

states, Fermions, Bosons. Time independent evolution of a system, Schrödinger and

perturbation theory for non-degenerate and Heisenberg pictures, Time independent

degenerate levels, Time dependent perturbation perturbation theory for non-degenerate and

theory, Variational method, The WKB degenerate levels, Time dependent perturbation

approximation and its applications. Theory of theory, Variational method, The WKB

Scattering, Scattering experiments and cross

approximation and its applications. Theory of

sections, Potential scattering, The method of

partial waves, The Born’s approximation Klein- Scattering, Scattering experiments and cross

Gordon equation, Probability and current sections, Potential scattering, the method of

densities, Dirac relativistic equation. partial waves, The Born’s approximation

1. “Introductory quantum Mechanics”, by 1. Zettli N. 2009 “Quantum Mechanics

R.L. Liboff, Addison Wesley Publishing Concepts and applications” J Willy.

Company, Reading Massachusetts, 1980. 2. Bransden B.H. & Joachain C.J. 1990

2. “Introductory Quantum mechanic”, by “Introductory Quantum mechanics”,

B.H. Bransden & C.J. Joachain, Longman Scientific & Technical

Longman Scientific & Technical London, London.

1990. 3. Liboff, R.L. 1980. “Introductory

3. “An Introduction Quantum Mechanics”, quantum Mechanics”, by Addison

by W.Greiner, Addison Wesley Wesley Publishing Company, Reading

Publishing Company, Reading Massachusetts,

Massachusetts, 1980. 4. W.Greiner 1980 “An Introduction

4. “Quantum Mechanics”, by N. Zettli. Quantum Mechanics”, Addison Wesley

Publishing Company, Reading

Massachusetts.

Solid State Solid State

PHY-714 3 (3 – 0) PHY-653 3 (3 – 0)

Physics-II Physics-II

approximation, free electron approximation, approximation, free electron approximation,

density of states, Fermi Dirac distribution, k- density of states, Fermi Dirac distribution, k-

space, concept of Fermi energy and the Fermi space, concept of Fermi energy and the Fermi

surface, free electron description of Heat surface, free electron description of Heat

capacity, electrical conductivity of metals, Hall capacity, electrical conductivity of metals, Hall

effect, Nearly free electron model, origin of the effect, Nearly free electron model, origin of the

12

energy gap, , Bloch functions, motion of electrons energy gap, , Bloch functions, motion of

in electron in a periodic potential, crystal electrons in electron in a periodic potential,

momentum, effective mass, physical crystal momentum, effective mass, physical

interpretation of the effective mass, interpretation of the effective mass, Augmented

Semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic Plane Wave method, Semiconductors, intrinsic

semiconductors, intrinsic carrier concentration, and extrinsic semiconductors, intrinsic carrier

mobility, impurity conductivity donor states, concentration, mobility, impurity conductivity

acceptor states, thermal ionization of donors and donor states, acceptor states, thermal ionization

acceptors, simple description pf pn-junction and of donors and acceptors, simple description pf

rectification, Transistors, Semiconductors pn-junction and rectification, Transistors,

heterostructures and outline of solid state lasers, Semiconductors heterostructure and outline of

Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism, Larmor solid state lasers, Diamagnetism and

Diamagnetism, Adiabatic Diamagnetism, Pauli Paramagnetism, Larmor Diamagnetism,

Paramagnetism, Conduction electrons Adiabatic Diamagnetism, Pauli Paramagnetism,

Diamagnetism, introduction to superconductivity. Conduction electrons Diamagnetism,

introduction to superconductivity. Qualitative

Recommended Books: aspects of BCS Theory.

1. “Introduction to Solid State Physics”, by Recommended Books:

C. Kittle 7th Edition: John Wiley and

Sons Inc. 1996. 1. M. Ali Omer, 2009 “Elementary Solid

2. “Solid State Physics”, by Blakemore: State

Cambridge University Press. 1991. Physics”, 6th Edition. D. Kindersley

3. “Solid State Physics”, by Neil W. Pvt.

Ashekrof t and David Mermin: CBS Ltd.

Publ. 1987. 2. H. Ibach, H. Luth, 2009 “ Solid State

Physics:

An introduction to the principles of

material

science” 4th Edition by Springer.

3. C. Kittle, 2004 “Introduction to

Solid State Physics”, 8th Edition by John

Wiley and Sons Inc.

Statistical Statistical

PHY-715 3 (3 – 0) PHY-655 3 (3 – 0)

Mechanics Mechanics

description of physical systems, macro systems variables, reversible adiabatic changes. Entropy,

and micro systems, ensembles, entropy in Microstates and macrostates, ensembles and

statistical mechanics, micro canonical ensemble,

ensemble averaging, approach to equilibrium.

canonical ensemble, grand canonical ensemble,

diatomic molecules, heat capacities of diatomic Classical probability, Statistical probability,

gases and crystals. Quantum statistics, basic binomial and Gaussian probability distributions,

concept of quantum statistics, Pauli exclusion central limit theorem. Microcanonical systems,

principle, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac quantum state, entropy and equilibrium in a

distributions, frequency spectrum of a black body microcanonical system, Canonical ensemble,

and Planck’s radiation law, Liouville’s theorem, partition function, entropy in canonical system,

equality of probability for the perfect gas, energy

Boltzmann distribution, thermodynamical

distribution of conduction electronics in metals,

degree of gas degenerations, completely averages, applications to single particle,

degenerate Fermi-Dirac gas, concept of factorization of partition function. Equipartition

fluctuations, Bose-Einstein condensation, theorem, free energy and its minimization, Gibbs

introduction to density matrix approach. and Helmholtz free energy and applications.

13

Recommended Books Maxwell distribution of molecular speeds,

classical probability of a state, Maxwell-

1. “Statistical Physics” by F. Mandel,

Boltzmann probability distribution, density of

ELBS/John Willey, 2nd Ed. 1988.

2. “Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal states in k-space, distribution of speeds in a

Physics” by F. Reif, McGraw Hill, 1965. classical gas. Black body radiation, Rayleigh-

Jeans theory, Planck distribution, free energy of a

photon gas, Stefan-Boltzmann formula, phonons.

Systems with variable number of particles,

chemical potential, grand canonical ensemble,

relation to thermodynamic variables. Identical

particles, fermions and bosons, partition function

for identical particles, semi-classical

approximations, identical particles localized on a

lattice, thermodynamic properties of a Fermi gas,

Bose condensation

Recommended Books

Thermal and Statistical Physics,

Princeton University Press.

2. Bowley R and M. Sanchez. 2000,

Introductory Statistical

Mechanics, 2nd Ed. Clarenden

Press, Oxford,

3. Huang K.2001, Introductory

Statistical Physics, 1st Ed. CRC.

4. Kittel C and H. Kroemer, 1980,

Thermal Physics, second edition,

W. H. Freeman.

PHY-716 Nuclear Physics-I 3 (3 – 0) PHY-657 Nuclear Physics-I 3 (3 – 0)

Nuclear mass, size, radius, nuclear spin, Nuclear mass, size, nuclear spin, Nuclear

magnetic dipole moments, elective quadruple Binding energy, magnetic dipole moments,

moments, parity and statistics. Observed electric quadruple moments, parity and statistics.

phenomenon of radio activity, explanation of α-

Observed phenomenon of radio activity,

decay, Fermi theory of β-decay, theory of γ-

decay, multipolarity of γ-rays and nuclear explanation of α-decay: Absorption, Range,

isomerism. Yukawa meson theory of nuclear Ionization and Stopping power of alpha particles,

forces, properties of nuclear forces, n-p and p-p theory of alpha decay, Fermi theory of β-decay,

scattering at low energies. Passage of charged theory of γ-decay, energetic of γ-decay, Nuclear

particles through matter, proportional counter, isomerism, Internal conversion, Mossbauer

scintillation counter, semi-conductor detector, Effect, Yukawa meson theory of nuclear forces,

emulsion technique, bubble chamber. Linear

properties of nuclear forces, n-p and p-p

accelerator, van de Graff, Synchrocyclotron,

proton synchrotron, betatron. scattering at low energies. Passage of charged

particles through matter, Ionization chamber,

Recommended Books: proportional counter, GM counter, scintillation

counter, semi-conductor detector, bubble

1. “Radiation Detection and Measurement”,

by Glenn, F. Knoll, John Wiley, 1989. chamber. Linear accelerator, van de Graff

2. “Introducing Nuclear Physics”, by generator, Synchrocyclotron, proton synchrotron,

14

Kenneth S. Krane 1995. betatron, photographic emulsion.

3. “Nuclear Physics”, by W.E.Burcham

(McGraw-Hill). Recommended Books:

4. “Text Book of Nuclear Physics”,

C.M.H.Smith (Pergamon). 1. Zhang, Z..M, B.K. Tsai and G. Machin.

2010. Experimental Methods in Physical

Science Vol. 2, Academic Press, USA.

2. Alejandro Garcia and Ernest M. Henley,

(2007). Subatomic Physics, by publisher:

World Scientific Publishing.

3. B R Martin, 2006. Nuclear and

Particle Physics, publisher: New

York: Wiley

4. David, W.I.F., K. Shankland,

L.B McK usker and C.

Baerloche. 2006. Structure

Determination from Powder

Diffraction Data. Oxford

University Press, New York.

5. Povh B, Rith K, Scholz C and

Zetsche F, 2006, Particles and

Nuclei: an Introduction to the

Physical Concepts, 5th Edition,

publisher: Berlin Springer,.

6. Hanlon, J. F. 2003. A User

Guide to Vacuum Technology.

John Wiley and sons, USA.

7. Kaplan Irving Nuclear Physics,

latest edition.

8. lilley John 2001 Nuclear

physics: Basic concepts and

applications,

9. Kenneth S. K. 1995. “Introducing Nuclear

Physics,

PHY-717 3 (3 – 0) PHY-659 3 (3 – 0)

Particle Physics-I* Particle Physics-I*

Particle Classification, Quantum numbers,

leptons, hadrons, baryons, mesons, quarks. The

fundamental interactions the electromagnetic leptons, hadrons, baryons, mesons, quarks. The

coupling, the strong coupling, the weak coupling. fundamental interactions the electromagnetic

Symmetry Transformation and Conservation coupling, the strong coupling, the weak coupling.

Laws: Translation in space, rotation in space, the Symmetry Transformation and Conservation

group SU (2) , systems of identical particles, Laws: Translation in space, rotation in space, the

parity, isospin charge conjugation, time reversal, group SU (2) , systems of identical particles,

G parity, CPT theorem. The Electromagnetic

Filed: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s parity, isospin charge conjugation, time reversal,

equations, polarization ad photon spin, angular G parity, CPT theorem. The Electromagnetic

momentum, parity and C parity of the photon. Filed: Gauge invariance and Maxwell’s

The Klein-Gordan Equation: Non relativistic equations, polarization ad photon spin, angular

quantum mechanics, Lorentz covariance and 4 momentum, parity and C parity of the photon.

vector notation, the Klein Gordon equation, the The Klein-Gordan Equation: Non relativistic

Feynman-Stuckelberg interpretation of E < O

15

solutions, non relativistic perturbation theory quantum mechanics, Lorentz covariance and 4

(brief review), rules for scattering amplitudes in

vector notation, the Klein Gordon equation, the

the Feynman-Stukelberg approach. The Dirac Feynman-Stuckelberg interpretation of E < O

Equation: Covariant form of the Dirac Equation,

solutions, non relativistic perturbation theory

Dirac γ-matrices, conserved current and the

adjoint equation, free particle spinors, anti (brief review), rules for scattering amplitudes in

particles, normalization of spinors and the the Feynman-Stukelberg approach. The Dirac

completeness relations, bilinear covariant, zero Equation: Covariant form of the Dirac Equation,

mass fermion, the two-component neutrino. Dirac γ-matrices, conserved current and the

adjoint equation, free particle spinors, anti

Books Recommended:

particles, normalization of spinors and the

1. “Nuclear and Particle Physics”, by completeness relations, bilinear covariant, zero

Burcham, E.E. and Jobes, M., J., mass fermion, the two-component neutrino.

Longman, (1995)

2. “Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Books Recommended:

Physics”, by Das, A. and Ferbel, T.,

Johan Wiley and Sons, (1994) 1. Burcham, E.E. and Jobes, M., J. (1995)

3. “Concepts of Particle Physics”, by “Nuclear and Particle Physics”,

Gottfired, K. and Weisskopt, F., vol. 1, Longman.

Oxford University Press, (1986). 2. Das, A. and Ferbel, T. , (1994)

4. “Introduction of elementary Particles”, by “Introduction to Nuclear and Particle

Griffiths, D., John Wiley and Sons, Physics”, Johan Wiley and Sons.

(1987). 3. Williams”, W.S.C. (1993) “Nuclear and

5. “Nuclear and Particle Physics by Particle Physics, Oxford University

Williams”, W.S.C., Oxford University Press.

Press, (1993). 4. Gottfired, K. and Weisskopt, F. (1986)

“Concepts of Particle Physics”, vol. 1,

Oxford University Press.

5. Griffiths, D. (1987). “Introduction of

elementary Particles”, , John Wiley and

Sons.

Advanced Advanced 3 (3 – 0)

PHY-718 3 (3 – 0) PHY-661

Electronics* Electronics*

Number Systems and different codes, Number Systems and codes, Logic Gates and

Implementations of Logic Functions by Logic Boolean algebra, Combinational logic, Sum of

Gates, Boolean algebra, electronic logic gates products form, Karnaugh maps method, Digital

and their application in logic design, Karnaugh arithmetic operations and circuits, multiplexer

maps and its use in some design problems, code

and demultiplexers, decoders encoders,

converter logic design. Analog to Digital

Conversion, Digital to analog conversion, Sequential logic, Flip Flops, Synchronous Logic,

converter Specifications. Synchronous Logic, basic binary ripple counter, modulus counters,

Sequential logic, Flip Flops, basic binary ripple BCD counter, synchronous/asynchronous

counter, modulus counters, BCD counter, counter, counter, parallel counters, up-down

synchronous counter, counter, parallel counters, counter application as digital time (clock) shift

up-down counter application as digital time registers, semi conductor, memory elements

(clock) decoders encoders, code converters,

(simple concept), Digital Computer, Concept of

arithmetic functions, shift registers, semi

conductor, memory elements (simple concept), computer system (CPU, input & output devices,

multiplexer and demultiplexer, Digital Computer, computer networking, software system and

Concept of computer system (CPU, input & simulation software) and micro-processor,

16

output devices, computer networking, software Communication systems, Modulation and

system and simulation software) and micro- Demodulation, Classification of signals, Analysis

processor. Sweep Circuit, UJT and the basic and transmission of signals, Amplitude

sweep circuit, circuit to generate triggered sweep,

modulation, Angle/Phase and Frequency

transistor as a sweep generator, time base system

of a C.R.O. including Synchronization. modulations, Pulse code modulation.

th

Floyd. 5 Edition 10TH Ed. Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc.,

2. “Electronic Principles”, by Albert P. Englewood Cliffs (USA).

Malvino, 5th Edition Glencoe-McGraw- 2. Tocci, R. J. 2010. Digital Systems:

Hill Book Co., Principles and Applications 11TH Ed.

3. “Introductory electronic Devices and Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc., Englewood

Circuits”, by Robert T. Payneter, Cliffs (USA).

Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc. Upper Saddle 3. Lathi, B. P. 2009. Modern Digital and

River N.Y. USA, 1994. Analog Communication Systems 4TH Ed.

4. “Electronic Circuits and Systems”, by Oxford University Press.

J.D Ryder, Charles M. Thomson, 4. Mano, M. M. 2002. Digital Design 4TH

Prentice-Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs. Ed. Prentice-Hall Intern. Inc., Englewood

New Jersey (USA) 1976. Cliffs (USA).

5. “Digital Fundamentals”, by Thomas L.

Floyd, #rd Ed. Prentice-hall Intern. Inc.,

Englewood Cliffs (USA). 1986.

Environmental Environmental 3 (3 – 0)

PHY-719 3 (3 – 0) PHY-663

Physics-I* Physics-I*

The economic system, living in green house,

enjoying the sun, Transport of matter, Energy

enjoying the sun, Transport of matter, Energy and

and momentum, the social and political context.

momentum, the social and political context.

Black body radiation, The emission spectrum of

Black body radiation, The emission spectrum of

sun, The transition electric dipole moment, The

sun, The transition electric dipole moment, The

Einstein Coefficients, Lambert – Beer’s law, The

Einstein Coefficients, Lambert – Beer’s law, The

spectroscopy of bio-molecules, Solar UV and

spectroscopy of bio-molecules, Solar UV and life,

life, The ozone filter. The energy Balance, (Zero-

The ozone filter. The energy Balance, (Zero-

dimensional Greenhouse Model), elements of

dimensional Greenhouse Model), elements of

weather and climate, climate variations and

weather and climate, climate variations and

modeling. Diffusion, flow in rivers, ground

modeling. Diffusion, flow in rivers, ground water.

water. Flow equations of fluid Dynamics,

Flow equations of fluid Dynamics, Turbulence,

Turbulence, Turbulence Diffusion, Gaussian

Turbulence Diffusion, Gaussian plumes in air,

plumes in air, Turbulent jets and planes the

Turbulent jets and planes the concept of sound,

concept of sound, sound pressure level,

sound pressure level, frequency & propagation,

frequency & propagation, sound level, measuring

sound level, measuring transient noise, the

transient noise, the acoustic environment,

acoustic environment, Hazardous effects of noise,

Hazardous effects of noise, noise control.,

noise control., Radioactive decay law, sources of

Radioactive decay law, sources of radiation,

radiation, Interaction of Radiation with matter,

Interaction of Radiation with matter, Measuring

Measuring Radiation, Nuclear Fuel Cycle,

Radiation, Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Sources of

Sources of Radioactive waste, Health Hazards,

Radioactive waste, Health Hazards, Radioactive

Radioactive waste management.

waste management.

17

Recommended Books: Recommended Books:

M.Wallace (Publisher: Academic Press) Environmental Physics. 2nd ed. John

1st Edition, 1997. Wiley and sons. 1999.

2. “Environmental Physics”, by Egbert 2. Grasseur G P. 1999, Atmospheric

Booker and Rienk Van Gron Belle 2nd Chemistry & Global Change. 1st Ed.

ed. John Wiley and sons. 1999. Publisher: Oxford).

3. “Physics of Environmental and Climate”, 3. John M.Wallace. 1997, Atmospheric

Guyot Praxis Publication, 1998. Science. 1st Ed. Publisher: Academic

Press.

4. Physics of Environmental and Climate,

Guyot Praxis Publication, 1998.

Health and Medical 3 (3 – 0) PHY-665 Health and Medical 3 (3 – 0)

PHY-720

Physics-I* Physics-I*

Interactions of lionizing Radiation with Matter: Interactions of lionizing Radiation with Matter:

Introduction; Beta-rays, range-energy Introduction; Beta-rays, range-energy

relationship, mechanism of energy loss, relationship, mechanism of energy loss,

Ionization and excitation, Bremsstrahlung, Alpha, Ionization and excitation, Bremsstrahlung,

rays, Rang-energy relation – ship, Energy Alpha, rays, Rang-energy relation – ship, Energy

transfer, Gamma-rays, exponential absorption, transfer, Gamma-rays, exponential absorption,

interaction mechanism, Pair production. Compton interaction mechanism, Pair production.

scattering, photoelectric absorption, Compton scattering, photoelectric absorption,

photodisintegration, Combined effect, Neutrons, photodisintegration, Combined effect, Neutrons,

Production classification, interaction, Scattering, Production classification, interaction, Scattering,

Absorption. Radiotherapy: Introduction, The Absorption. Radiotherapy: Introduction, The

development of radiotherapy, Radio therapeutic development of radiotherapy, Radio therapeutic

aims, External beam therapy, Brach therapy, aims, External beam therapy, Brach therapy,

unsealed source therapy, Requirements for unsealed source therapy, Requirements for

accuracy and precision, Quality assurance, The accuracy and precision, Quality assurance, The

role of medical physics. Medical Imaging: role of medical physics. Medical Imaging:

Diagnostic X-rays, Production of X-rays, Diagnostic X-rays, Production of X-rays,

Absorption of x-ray to other planes, Partial Absorption of x-ray to other planes, Partial

volume effect, Artifacts, Contrast agent in volume effect, Artifacts, Contrast agent in

conventional radiography and CT, Diagnostic conventional radiography and CT, Diagnostic

Ultrasound, Doppler effect, radionuclide imagine, Ultrasound, Doppler effect, radionuclide

positron emission tomography (PET), Magnetic imagine, positron emission tomography (PET),

resonance imagining (MRI), Contrast agents for Magnetic resonance imagining (MRI), Contrast

MRI. agents for MRI.

Herman Cember. 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill, Imaging 4th Ed. Blackwell Science Ltd.

New Yourk, 1996. 2. Bushong S C. 1993, Radiologic Science

of Technologists. 5th Ed. Mosby.

2. Thwaits, Radiotherapy Physics by J.R. 3. Cember H. 1996, Introduction to Health

Williams, D.I . Oxford University Press, Physics. 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill, New

New York, 1993. York.

4. Forty R. 2010, ICFA, Instrumentation

3. Diagnostic Imaging, by Peter Armstrong School.

and Martin L. 4th Ed., Blackwell Science 5. Greening J R. 1985, Fundamentals of

18

Ltd. Radiation Dosimetry. 2nd Ed. Adam

Hilger Ltd., Bristol.

4. Radiologic Science of Technologists by 6. Joran C. 2003, CERN, summer student

Stewart C. Bushong, 5th Ed. Mosby, lecturers

1993. 7. RIEGLER W. 2008,CERN, Academic

Training Course.

5. Fundamentals of Radiation Dosimetry, by 8. Williams J R and D I Thwaits, 1993,

J.R. Greening, 2nd Ed. Adam Hilger Ltd., Radiotherapy Physics. Oxford University

Bristol 1985. Press, New York.

Climatology and 3 (3 – 0)

PHY-722 Critical Thinking 2 (2 – 0) PHY-667

Metrology-I*

of atmosphere, ICAO standard atmosphere,

weather elements, Air mass classification,

Thermodynamic characteristics, General

Circulation.Atmospheric thermodynamics, First

law of thermodynamics and enthalpy; adiabatic

processes and potential temperature. The second

law of thermodynamics; entropy’

thermodynamics of water vapour and moist air’

thermodynamic properties of the water

substance’ phase transition of water’ water

vapour and most air’ Clausious- Clapaeyron’s

equation; Aerological diagram’ selection of

coordinates’ choice of diagrm; analysis of

tephigram. Methods of surface observations &

codes: Reading of routine observation,

barometric corrections & reduction, reading,

setting * maintenance of thermometers, surface

codes, aeronautical codes (Speci & Metar).

Deleted Dynamic Meteorology: Circulation & vorticity,

stokes theorem, vorticity equation, Rossby

waves. Meteorological Instruments:

Meterorological instruments used in

thermometry, barometry, hygrometery, rainfall &

snowfall measurement, wind measurement, cloud

measurement, evaporation measurement,

visibility measurement, sunshine measurement.

Introduction to weather radar system,

introduction to radiosonde equipment.

Recommended Books.

in Climate Research. 1st Ed. Publisher:

Cambridge. Morgan M, 1991,

Meteorology 3rd Ed. (Publisher:

MacMillion),

2. Brasseur G P, 1999, Atmospheric

Chemistry & Global Change (Publisher:

Oxford), 1st Edition.

3. Hougton, 1985, Hand Book of applied

19

Meterology, 1st Ed. Publisher: Wiley

4. Hidore O. 1984, Climatology 1st ed.

(Publisher: Merrill).

5. Carlson. 1981, Tropical Meterology, 1st

Ed. Publisher: The Pennsylvania State

University.

6. Haltiner and Martin. 1957, Dynamical &

Physical Meteorlogy 1st Ed. (Publisher:

McGraw Hill).

PHY-722 Physics Lab PHY-669 Lab Course-III

Course-III (Atomic 3 (0 – 3) (Atomic & Nuclear 3 (0 – 3)

& Nuclear Physics) Physics)

experiments from the list given below. 50%

1. To Expose the students to advance weightage must be given to viva-voce about

level experimentation in Physics apparatus, theory of experiments and estimation

2. To make them familiar to such of errors.

experiments where out come can be

used in developing future research 1. To Expose the students to advance level

capabilities and teaching skills experimentation in Physics

3. To make the students confident in 2. To make them familiar to such

their studies by showing and experiments where out come can be used

measuring parameters mostly used in in developing future research capabilities

their theoretical work. and teaching skills

1. To study the characteristics curves of GM 3. To make the students confident in their

counter. studies by showing and measuring

2. To determine the absorption coefficient parameters mostly used in their

of lead for Gamma Rays using GM theoretical work.

counter. 1. To study the characteristics curves of

3. To determine the maximum energy of GM counter.

Beta Particles. 2. To determine the absorption coefficient

4. To determine the range of an Alpha of lead for Gamma Rays using GM

Particle. counter assembly.

5. To measure the half life of a radioactive 3. To determine the maximum energy of

nuclide. Beta Particles using GM counter

6. To study of Random processes and assembly.

fluctuations in Random processes 4. To determine the range of an Alpha

(Gaussian distribution curve). Particle and guess its energy using

7. To study radioactive equilibrium using empirical relations using GM counter

Cs137/Ba137 mini generator. assembly.

8. Demonstration of Ruther Ford Scattering 5. To measure the half life of a radioactive

experiment for charges particles. nuclide.

9. Demonstration of Interaction of 6. To study of Random processes and

Radiations with matter using absorber kit. fluctuations in Random processes

10. Verification of inverse square law. (Gaussian distribution curve) using GM

11. To examine the stopping power of counter assembly.

various substances for Gamma Rays. 7. To study radioactive equilibrium using

12. To study the Zeeman effect for a line in Cs137/Ba137 mini generator using GM

the spectrum of helium. counter assembly.

13. To study the wave characteristics of an 8. Demonstration of Interaction of

electron. (electron diffraction Radiations with matter using absorber kit

experiment.) using GM counter assembly.

20

14. To study the magnetic moment of an 9. Verification of inverse square law using

electron using magnetic resonance GM counter assembly.

method. 10. To study the wave characteristics of an

15. Familiarity with a scintillation counter electron. (electron diffraction

and PMTs. experiment.)

16. Experimental demonstration of He-Neon 11. Determination of Planck’s constant using

Laser. He-Neon laser, and compare its results

17. Determination of diameter of human hair with Photo cell method.

using He-Neon Laser. 12. Determination of velocity of light using

18. Determination of Planck’s constant using He-Neon laser and compare it with other

He-Neon laser, and compare its results standard methods.

with Photo cell method. Recommended Books:

19. Determination of velocity of light using

He-Neon laser and compare it with other 1. Gray T S. Applied Electronics (John-

standard methods. willey and Sons)

20. Determination of Dielectric constant 2. Higgings R J. Experimental Electronics

using RLC series circuit / Dielectric (Mc Graw Hill)

apparatus. 3. Mark H and N.T Olson. Experiments in

21. The Frank-hertz Experiment Modern Physics (Mc Graw Hill)

(measurement of excitation potential of 4. Melissienson A C. Experiments in

Hg. Modern Physics (Academic)

22. Production of vacuum and its rough 5. Squares G L. Practical Physics 3rd Ed.

measurement. Cambridge University Press.

23. To study a characteristic X-Rays

24. Verification of Moseley’s Law

25. To study the back scattering of Beta

particles using GM counter.

Recommended Books:

Modern Physics (Mc Graw Hill)

2. “A.C Melissienson, Experiments in

Modern Physics (Academic)

3. “T.S gray, Applied Electronics (John-

willey and Sons)

4. R.J Higgings, Experimental Electronics

(Mc Graw Hill)

5. G.L Squares, Practical Physics 3rd Ed.

Cambridge University Press.

PHY-723 Plasma Physics 3 (3 – 0) PHY-652 Plasma Physics 3 (3 – 0)

Definition of plasma. Concept of temperature. Definition of plasma. Concept of temperature.

Debye shielding. The plasma parameter. Criteria Debye shielding. The plasma parameter. Criteria

for plasma. Applications of plasma physics. for plasma. Applications of plasma physics.

Single-particle motions in electromagnetic field. Single-particle motions in electromagnetic field.

Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. Time- Uniform and nonuniform E and B fields. Time-

varying E and B fields. Fluid description of varying E and B fields. Fluid description of

plasma. Wave propagation in plasma. Derivation plasma. Wave propagation in plasma. Derivation

of dispertion relations for simple electrostatic and of dispertion relations for simple electrostatic and

electromagnetic modes. Introduction to electromagnetic modes. Introduction to

Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion reactions, Controlled Fusion: Basic nuclear fusion

reaction rates and power density, radiation losses reactions, reaction rates and power density,

21

from plasmas, operational conditions. radiation losses from plasmas, operational

conditions.

Recommended Books:

Recommended Books:

1. “Introduction to Plasma Physics" by

F.F.CHEN, 1974 (Plenum). 1. Bittencourt J A, 2004 Fundamentals of

2. “Principles of Plasma Physics” by Plasma Physics” (second Edition) INPE.

N.A.Krall and A.W.Trivelpiece, 1973 2. Krall N A and A W Trivelpiece, 1986

(McGraw-Hill). Principles of Plasma Physics” by

3. “Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions” (McGraw-Hill).

by S.Glasstone and R.H.Lovberg, 1960 3. Glasstone S and R H.Lovberg, 1975

(D.Van Nestrand). Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions

(D.Van Nestrand).

4. CHEN F F, 1974 Introduction to Plasma

Physics and control fusion, (Plenum).

Computational Computational

PHY-724 3 (3 – 0) PHY-654 3 (3 – 0)

Physics Physics

methodology, Scientific programming languages, methodology, Scientific programming languages,

Numerical solutions of ODEs, Numerical Numerical solutions of ODEs, Euler Method,

integration, Numerical errors and instabilities, Numerical errors and instabilities, Euler

Random number, Random walk, introduction to Improved Method, Runge Kutta 4th order

Monte Carlo techniques, Computer algebra and Method, Adaptive integration technique, Runge

Introduction to MATHEMATICA, Introduction Kutta Fehlberg Method. Numerical quadrature,

to MATLAB, Algorithm development using C++, Riemann’s Sum, Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s

Numerical Solution of Nonlinear Equations f(x) = 1/3 Rule, Simpson’s 3/8 Rule. Random number,

0, Bisection Method, Newton Raphson Method, Random walk, introduction to Monte Carlo

Secant Method, Numerical Solution of Linear techniques, Monte Carlo Integration and

Systems AX = B, Gauss Jordan Method, Cubatures. Numerical Solution of Nonlinear

Cramer’s Rule, Jacobi Method, Gauss Seidel Equations f(x) = 0. Numerical Solution of Linear

iterative Method, Numerical Integration, System of equations, Gauss Jordan Method,

Riemann’s Sum, Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s 1/3 Jacobi Method, Gauss Seidel iterative Method.

Rule, Simpson’s 3/8 Rule, Monte Carlo Numerical solutions of PDEs, Finite elements

Integration, Numerical solutions of ODEs, Euler method, Laplace equation, Heat Equation,

Method, Euler Improved Method, Runge Kutta Explicit and Implicit methods, Crank-Nicholson

4th order Method, Runge Kutta Fehlberg Method, Scheme, Wave equation. Interpolation and data

sorting and curve fitting, Introduction to fitting, Polynomial interpolation, Newton’s

simulation techniques and computer graphics, Polynomial, Newton-Gregory Forwards

computational techniques in investigating and Polynomial, Lagrange Interpolating polynomial,

visualizing fundamental physics. Chi square fitting, Linear Fit. Computer algebra

and Introduction to MATHEMATICA,

Recommended Books: Introduction to MATLAB. Algorithm

development using C++. Simulation techniques

1. “Introductory Computational Physics” by and computer graphics, computational techniques

Andi Klein and Alexander Godunov, in investigating and visualizing fundamental

Cambridge University Press 2006. physics.

2. “Computational Physics: An introductory

Course”, Richard Fitzpatrick. University Recommended Books:

of Texas 2005. 1. Harvey M. Deitel and Paul J. Deitel,

3. “Computational Physics: Problem solving 2012, C++ How to Program, 8/e, Early

with Computers” Ed. 2nd by R. H. Objects Version, Prentice Hall

Landau, M. J. Paez and C. C. Bordieanu. 2. Richard Fitzpatrick, 2011, Introduction

Wiley VCHVerlag GmbH & Co KgaA, to Computational Physics, University of

22

2007. Texas.

4. “A First Course in Computational 3. William H. Press, Brian P. Flannery,

Physics”, by Paul L. Devries, John willey Saul A.

and Sons. N.Y. (1994). 4. Paul L. Devries and Javier E. Hasbun,

5. “Numerical Recipes: The Art of 2010, A First Course in Computational

Scientific Computing”, William H. Press, Physics, John Willey and Sons. N.Y..

Brian P. Flannery, Saul A. Teukolsky, 5. Andi Klein and Alexander Godunov,

and William T. Vetterling Cambridge 2006, Introductory Computational

University Press 1988. Physics, Cambridge University Press.

6. R. H. Landau, M. J. Paez and C. C.

Bordieanu , 2007, Computational

Physics: Problem solving with

Computers, Ed. 2nd, Wiley VCHVerlag

GmbH & Co KgaA.

7. Teukolsky, and William T, 1998,

Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific

Computing, Vetterling Cambridge

University Press.

PHY-725 Nuclear Physics-II 3 (3 – 0) PHY-656 Nuclear Physics-II 3 (3 – 0)

nuclear reaction, Q-values of nuclear reaction,

Liquid drop model, shell model and collective

threshold energy, transmutation by photons,

model. Conservation laws of nuclear reaction, Q-

values of nuclear reaction, threshold energy, protons, deuterons and α-particles, direct

transmutation by photons, protons, deuterons and reactions, compound nuclear theory of nuclear

α-particles, excited states of nucleus, energy reactions, limitation of compound nucleus,

levels, level width, cross-section for nuclear excited states of nucleus, bound and virtual

reactions, compound nuclear theory of nuclear energy levels, level width, cross-section for

reactions, limitation of compound nucleus, Breit- nuclear reactions, Breit-wigner formula. Liquid

wigner formula, direct reactions. Neutron

drop model, Semi-empirical mass formula,

production and detection, Fission and Fusion

Reactions: Description of nuclear fission, Bohr- volume and surface energies, Shell model:

wheeler theory of nuclear fission, mass and magic numbers and closed shells, spin – orbit

energy distribution of fission fragments. Basic of interaction, Collective nuclear model, nuclear

nuclear reactors, Description of nuclear fusion deformations. The production and detection of

process. Fusion processes in sun and stars, neutrons, Fission and Fusion Reactions,

controlled nuclear fusion, D-D and D-T reactions.

discovery of nuclear fission, fission products,

Recommended Books: Bohr-wheeler theory of nuclear fission, mass and

energy distribution of fission fragments,

1. “Radiation Detection and Measurement”, Description of nuclear fusion process, D-D and

by Glenn, F. Knoll, John Wiley, 1989.

D-T reactions, Fusion processes in sun and stars,

2. “Techniques for Nuclear and Particle

Physics”, by William, R. Leo Springer, Nuclear fission and fusion as a source of energy,

1994. Basic of nuclear reactors, controlled nuclear

3. “Introducing Nuclear Physics”, by fusion.

Kenneth S. Krane 1995.

4. “Nuclear Physics”, by W.E.Burcham Recommended Books:

(McGraw-Hill).

5. “Text Book of Nuclear Physics”, 1. Henley E M and A Garcia.2007,

C.M.H.Smith (Pergamon). Subatomic. World Scientific

Publishing.

2. Povh B, K Rith, C Scholz and F

23

Zetsche, 2006, Particles and

Nuclei: an Introduction to the

Physical Concepts 5th Edition.

Berlin Springer.

3. Martin B R. 2006, Nuclear and

Particle Physics. New York:

Wiley.

4. David, W.I.F., K. Shankland,

L.B McK usker and C.

Baerloche. 2006. Structure

Determination from Powder

Diffraction Data. Oxford

University Press, New York.

5. Hanlon, J. F. 2003. A User

Guide to Vacuum Technology.

John Wiley and sons, USA.

6. Lilley J. 2001, Nuclear physics:

Basic concepts and applications.

7. Krane K S, 1995, Introducing Nuclear

Physics..

8. Nuclear Physics, by Irving

Kaplan latest edition.

9. Zhang, Z..M, B.K. Tsai and G.

Machin.

Quantum

PHY-726 3 (3 – 0) PHY-658 Laser and Optics 3 (3 – 0)

Electronics

Stimulated Absorption, Population, Population radiation with matter, Spontaneous and

Inversion, Threshold conditions for Amplification stimulated emission, absorption, cavity, gain

and feedback, modes in fabry-perot cavit, mode

medium, population inversion, threshold

density, spectral energy density, condition of

lasing Action, Rate equation treatment of two condition, Three and four level laser, pumping

level laser, Three and four level laser, laser mechanisms, properties of a laser beam, Modes

resonators, ray matrices, stable and unstable of a rectangular cavity, Raleigh-Jeans and Planck

resonators, Q-switching properties of laser beam, radiation formula, mode density, homogeneous

monochromatic directionality and brightness. and inhomogeneous broadening of atomic

transitions, amplitude fluctuations and spiking,

Recommended Books:

Rate equation approach to Laser theory,

1. “Laser Fundamentals”, W.T Silvfast, 2nd stationary solution, time-dependent solution,

edition. lasing condition, hole burning effect, Matrix

2. “Laser and Masers”, A.E Seigman, 1997. formulation of Geometrical optics , optical

resonators, Q-switching and mode locking, active

and passive mode-locking, fresnal number, types

of laser, laser applications

Recommended Books

Ed. Springer New York Dordrecht

Heidelberg London

2. Hooker S and C Webb. 2010, Laser

24

Physics Oxford University Press, Inc.

New York

3. Abramczyk H. 2005, .Introduction to

laser spectroscopy. Elsevier.

4. Silfvast W T. 2004, Laser Fundamentals.

Cambridge University Press.

PHY-728 3 (3 – 0) 3 (3 – 0)

Particle Physics-II* PHY-660 Particle Physics-II*

OR

particle wave formalism and the optical theorem, particle wave formalism and the optical theorem,

the Breit-Winger resonance formula, baryon the Breit-Winger resonance formula, baryon

resonances, phase space considerations, resonances, phase space considerations,

production experiments. The Quark Model: The production experiments. The Quark Model: The

group SU (3), quarks, hadrons (baryons, mesons group SU (3), quarks, hadrons (baryons, mesons

in quark model, heave meson spectroscopy, the in quark model, heave meson spectroscopy, the

quarkonium model. The Standard Model quarkonium model. The Standard Model

(qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak (qualitative treatment only): Unification of weak

and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-Salam- and electromagnetic interactions Glashow-

Weinberg Model. Electrodynamics of spinless Salam-Weinberg Model. Electrodynamics of

particles: An “electron” in an electromagnetic spinless particles: An “electron” in an

field A”, “spinless” electron – muon scattering, electromagnetic field A”, “spinless” electron –

the cross section in terms of the invariant muon scattering, the cross section in terms of the

amplitude M, the decay rate in terms of M, invariant amplitude M, the decay rate in terms of

“spinless” electron – electron scattering, electron M, “spinless” electron – electron scattering,

– positron scattering: and application of crossing, electron – positron scattering: and application of

invariant variables, the origin of the propagator. crossing, invariant variables, the origin of the

Electrodynamics of Spin ½ Particles: An electron propagator. Electrodynamics of Spin ½ Particles:

interacting with an electromagnetic field A” , An electron interacting with an electromagnetic

Moller scattering e- e- e-e- the process e- µ- field A” , Moller scattering e- e- e-e- the

e- µ- trace theorems and properties of y matrices., process e- µ- e- µ- trace theorems and

e- µ- scattering and the process e- e- µ+ µ- properties of y matrices., e- µ- scattering and the

helicity conservation at high energies, survey of process e- e- µ+ µ- helicity conservation at

e- e+ e- e+ , µ- µ+ , e- µ- e- µ- in the high energies, survey of e- e+ e- e+ , µ- µ+

laboratory frame; kinematics relevant to the , e- µ- e- µ- in the laboratory frame;

parton model, photons, polarization vectors, more kinematics relevant to the parton model, photons,

on propagators, the electron propagator, the polarization vectors, more on propagators, the

photon propagator, massive vector particles, real electron propagator, the photon propagator,

and virtual photons, Compton scattering γ e- γ massive vector particles, real and virtual photons,

e- pair, annihilation e+ e- γγ, the + ive Compton scattering γ e- γ e- pair, annihilation

prescription for propagators, Eeynman rules e+ e- γγ, the + ive prescription for

QED. propagators, Eeynman rules QED.

Bjorken,J. D. and Drell, S. D., McGraw- “Nuclear and Particle Physics”,

Hill, (1964) International Edition Longman.

reprinted in (1995). 2. Das, A. and Ferbel, T. , (1994)

2. “Nuclear and Particle Physics”, by “Introduction to Nuclear and Particle

burcham, E. E. and Jobes, M., Longman, Physics”, Johan Wiley and Sons.

(1995). 3. Williams”, W.S.C. (1993) “Nuclear and

3. “Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Particle Physics, Oxford University

25

Physics”, by Da, A. and ferbel, T., Johan Press.

Wiley and Sons, (1994). 4. Gottfired, K. and Weisskopt, F. (1986)

4. “Concepts of Particle Physics”, by “Concepts of Particle Physics”, vol. 1,

Gottfried, K. and Weisskopt, F., Vol. 1, Oxford University Press.

Oxford University Pres, (1986). 5. Griffiths, D. (1987). “Introduction of

5. “Introduction of elementary Particles”, by elementary Particles”, John Wiley and

Griffiths, D., John Wiley and Sons, Sons.

(1987).

6. “Introduction to Elementary Particles”,

by Griffiths, D.John-Wiley and Sons

1987.

PHY-729 Advanced 3 (3 – 0) PHY-662 Advanced 3 (0 – 3)

Electronics Lab Electronics Lab

OR Course* Course*

variable frequency, measure frequency variable frequency, measure frequency

and amplitude of the out put. and amplitude of the out put.

2. Design RF transistor oscillator, Convert 2. Design RF transistor oscillator, Convert

into a transmitter, detect the transmitted into a transmitter, detect the transmitted

wave by a radio receiver (Both for AM & wave by a radio receiver (Both for AM &

FM). FM).

3. Design an inverting and non-inverting 3. Design and study the application of

D.C amplifier, measurement of operational amplifier, (current to voltage

parameters of given IC operational converter instrumentation amplifier,

amplifier. buffer, voltage clamp, low and high pass

4. design and study the application of filter, half wave rectifier etc.).

operational amplifier, (current to voltage 4. Design and study the Low/High pass

converter instrumentation amplifier, active filters using 741 IC.

buffer, voltage clamp, integrator, 5. Design and study the application of 555

differentiator, low and high pass filter, timers IC (mono-stable, astable and bi-

half wave rectifier etc.). stable multi-vibrators).

5. Design a fixed and self bias transistor 6. Design a fixed and self bias transistor

binary and triggering of binary, using binary and triggering of binary, using

IC’s construct and study RS, JK (Master IC’s construct and study RS, JK (Master

stave), T and D flip-flops. stave), T and D flip-flops.

6. Design and study of a half and full adder 7. Design and study of a half and full adder

with different Boolean expression using with different Boolean expression using

IC’s. IC’s.

7. Synchronous and asynchronous BCD 8. Synchronous and asynchronous BCD

counters, Memory shift register with counters, Memory shift register with IC’s.

IC’s. 9. Frequency counter and optional digital

8. Frequency counter and optional digital clock.

clock. 10. Design and construct and analog to

9. Circuit study and fault findings of digital and digital to analog converters

stabilized power supply, Audio- using IC’s.

oscillator/CRO, multimeter/commercial 11. Design and study of decoder, encoder,

radio and T.V. multiplexer and de-multiplexer circuits

10. Design and construct and analog to and compare the input out put

digital and digital to analog converters waveforms.

using IC’s. 12. To construct and understand an operation

11. Design and study of decoder, encoder, of arithmetic logic unit and study of

multiplexer and de-multiplexer circuits different arithmetic logic operations.

26

and compare the input out put 13. To construct and study of data storage

waveforms. and retrieved using semiconductor

12. To construct and understand an operation memory and understand the process of

of arithmetic logic unit and study of fetching an instruction and its operand

different arithmetic logic operations. with ALU.

13. To construct and study of data storage 14. Using microprocessor trainer’s study of

and retrieved using semiconductor microprocessor application working form

memory and understand the process of host personal computers.

fetching an instruction and its operand 15. Design of Digital Clock.

with ALU. Recommended Books:

14. Using microprocessor trainer’s study of

microprocessor application working form 1. Floyd, T. L. 2010. Digital

host personal computers. Fundamentals 10TH Ed. Prentice-

15. Design of Digital Clock. Hall Intern. Inc., Englewood

Cliffs (USA).

2. Tocci, R. J. 2010. Digital

Systems: Principles and

Applications 11TH Ed. Prentice-

Hall Intern. Inc., Englewood

Cliffs (USA).

3. Lathi, B. P. 2009. Modern

Digital and Analog

Communication Systems 4TH Ed.

Oxford University Press.

4. Mano, M. M. 2002. Digital

Design 4TH Ed. Prentice-Hall

Intern. Inc., Englewood Cliffs

(USA).

Environmental 3 (3 – 0) Environmental*

PHY-730 PHY-664

Physics-II* Physics Lab Course 3 (0 – 3)

OR

Basic metrology, horizontal dispersion of Students are required to study the functioning

pollutants, vertical dispersion of pollutants, and data analysis obtained from various machines

atmospheric dispersion, cleansing the used in Atmospheric & Environmental Physics.

atmosphere. Data collection and organization, The students have to work in some agencies

statistical analysis of climatic data, climatic where these facilities are available. The details of

indices, General characteristics of measuring the activities performed in this lab are as under.

equipments. Measurement of temperature, air

humidity, surface wind velocity, Radiation 1. Solid Aerosols / soils sample collections

balance, precipitation, Atmospheric Pressure, 2. Physio chemical & mechanical properties

automatic weather stations. Composition & of solid aerosols / soils samples.

Structure of atmosphere, Air mass classification, 3. Qualitative & Quantitative analysis solid

Thermodynamic characteristics, General aerosols / soils samples.

Circulation. First law of thermodynamics and 4. Morphological & texture analysis of

enthalpy; adiabatic processes and potential solid aerosols / soils samples.

temperature. The second law of thermodynamics; 5. Climatological data analysis with respect

entropy; thermodynamics of water vapor and to global warming & global cooling

moist air; thermodynamic properties of the water (whether trends)

substance; phase transition of water; water vapor Recommended Books:

and moist air; Clausius-Clapeyron’s equation.

1. Zhang, Z..M, B.K. Tsai and G. Machin.

27

Recommended Books: 2010. Experimental Methods in Physical

Science Vol. 2, Academic Press, USA..

1. “Hand Book of Applied Metrology”, by 2. “The status of Climate Variation in

Hougton (Publisher: Wiley), 1st Edition, Pakistan & Its Impact”, by SMRC. No.

1985. 10 SAARC Met. Research Centre, 1st

2. “Atmospheric Chemistry & Global Edition 2004.

Change”, by Guy. P.Grasseur (Publisher: 3. Hanlon, J. F. 2003. A User Guide to

Oxford), 1st Edition, 1999. Vacuum Technology. John Wiley and

3. “Statistical Analysis in Climate sons, USA.

Research”, by Hans Vonstroch 4. Vonstorch H. 2001, Statistical Analysis

(Publisher: Oxford), 1st Edition, 2001. in Climate Research. 1st Ed. Publisher:

4. “The status of Climate Variation in Cambridge.

Pakistan & Its Impact”, by SMRC. No. 5. David W I F, K Shankland, L.B McK

10 SAARC Met. Research Centre, 1st usker.

Edition 2004. 6. Grasseur G P, 1999, Atmospheric

5. “Applied Climatology”, by Russell Chemistry & Global Change (Publisher:

D.Thompson (Publisher: Routledge), 1st Oxford), 1st Edition.

Edition, 1997. 7. Hougton, 1985, Hand Book of applied

Meterology, 1st Ed. Publisher: Wiley

8. Thompson R D. 1997, Applied

Climatology. 1st Ed. Publisher:

Routledge.

Health and Medical Health and Medical

PHY-731 3 (3 – 0) PHY-666 3 (3 – 0)

Physics -II* Physics -II*

Radiation Dosimetry: History of Absorbed Dose, Radiation Dosimetry: History of Absorbed Dose,

Stochastic and Non-stochastic quantities, units for Stochastic and Non-stochastic quantities, units

absorbed Dose, Absorbed Dose Calorimeters, for absorbed Dose, Absorbed Dose Calorimeters,

Exposure and its measurements. The free-air Exposure and its measurements. The free-air

chamber, Exposure measurement with calibrated chamber, Exposure measurement with calibrated

cavity chamber. The concept of Kerma, absorbed cavity chamber. The concept of Kerma, absorbed

Dose in air, Absorbed dose in other Materials, Dose in air, Absorbed dose in other Materials,

Factors converting Exposure to Absorbed Dose to Factors converting Exposure to Absorbed Dose

wake, High energy calibrations. The Bragg-Gray to wake, High energy calibrations. The Bragg-

Cavity theory. Methods of Dosimetry: Gray Cavity theory. Methods of Dosimetry:

Calorimeters, Ionization chambers, chemical Calorimeters, Ionization chambers, chemical

Dosimetry, Thermo luminescence Dosimetry Dosimetry, Thermo luminescence Dosimetry

(TLD), Photographic Dosimeter, Scintillation (TLD), Photographic Dosimeter, Scintillation

Detectors, other Dosimetric Systems. Health Detectors, other Dosimetric Systems. Health

Physics: Cardinal principles of radiation Physics: Cardinal principles of radiation

protection, minimize time, Maximize distance, protection, minimize time, Maximize distance,

Maximize shielding, Time, Distance and Maximize shielding, Time, Distance and

shielding, Maximum permissible dose, whole- shielding, Maximum permissible dose, whole-

body occupational exposure, whole-body non- body occupational exposure, whole-body non-

occupational exposure, partial body occupational occupational exposure, partial body occupational

exposure, X-ray and pregnancy, Basic radiation exposure, X-ray and pregnancy, Basic radiation

safety criteria, effective dose-equivalent, safety criteria, effective dose-equivalent,

allowable limit on intake (ALI), inhaled allowable limit on intake (ALI), inhaled

radioactivity, derived air concentration, radioactivity, derived air concentration,

Gastrointestinal tract, Basis of radiation safety Gastrointestinal tract, Basis of radiation safety

regulations. regulations

Recommended Books:

Recommended Books:

28

1. Introduction to Health Physics by 1. Cember H. 1996, Introduction to Health

Herman Cember. 3rd Ed/ <cGraw Hill, Physics. 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill, New

New York, 1996. York.

2. Thwaits, Radiotherapy Physics by sssJ.R. 2. Williams J R and D I Thwaits, 1993,

Illiams. D.I, Oxford, University Press, Radiotherapy Physics. Oxford University

New York, 1993. Press, New York.

3. Diagnostic Imaging, by Peter Armstrong 3. Armstrong P and L Martin. Diagnostic

and Martin L. 4th Ed., Blackwell Science Imaging 4th Ed. Blackwell Science Ltd.

Ltd. Oxford, 1998. 4. Bushong S C. 1993, Radiologic Science

4. Radiologic Science of Technologists by of Technologists. 5th Ed. Mosby.

stewart c. Bushong, 5th Ed. Mosby, 1993. 5. Greening J R. 1985, Fundamentals of

5. Fundamentals of Radiation Dosimetry, by Radiation Dosimetry. 2nd Ed. Adam

J. R. Greening, 2nd Ed. Adam Hilger Ltd., Hilger Ltd., Bristol.

Bristol 1985. 6. Joran C. 2003, CERN, summer student

lecturers

7. RIEGLER W. 2008, CERN, Academic

Training Course.

8. Forty R. 2010, ICFA, Instrumentation

School.

Chalk Talk Climatology and

PHY-668

PHY-727 Reading 2 (3 – 0) Metrology-II* 3 (3 – 0)

Assignment

climate classification; world climate

classification; climates of Asia; climates of the

sub-continent; the climate of Pakistan. Climate

Change: Meteorological factors affecting climate;

greenhouse gases; El-Nino, La-Nina. Tropical

Meteorology: Tropical general circulation,

Diurnal variations of meteorological elements in

the tropics, A survey of low-latitude weather

disturbances easterly waves’ intertropical

convergence zone. Monsoons, Tropical cyclones,

structure and formation of cyclones. Aviation

Meteorology: meteorological aspects of flight

planning’s, aviation hazards and their association

Deleted with synoptic patterns, aircraft icing, turbulence,

fog, thunderstorms, dust storms, low-level

vertical wind shear, jet stream formation &

structure.

Recommended Books.

Chemistry & Global Chang (Publisher:

Oxford), 1st Edition.

2. Vonstorch H. 2001, Statistical Analysis

in Climate Research. 1st Ed. Publisher:

Cambridge.

3. Morgan M, 1991, Meteorology 3rd Ed.

(Publisher: MacMillion),

4. Hidore O. 1984, Climatology 1st ed.

29

(Publisher: Merrill).

5. Haltiner and Martin. 1957, Dynamical &

Physical Meteorlogy 1st Ed. (Publisher:

McGraw Hill).

6. Carlson. 1981, Tropical Meterology, 1st

Ed. Publisher: The Pennsylvania State

University.

7. Hougton, 1985, Hand Book of applied

Meterology, 1st Ed. Publisher: Wiley

PHY-679 Seminar 1 (1 – 0)

30

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