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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region VI – Western Visayas
Division of Iloilo
Miagao, Iloilo
Long Test
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics

I. Direction: Write the letter of the correct answer on your paper. Avoid erasures.
1. What is the process by which an individual adopts the behavior patterns of a particular culture?
a. Enculturation b. development c. identity d. socialization
2. What term refers to the standard of accepted behavior that a person is expected to follow in society?
a. norms b. values c. deviance d. socialization
3. Which of the following defines conformity?
a. It is the obedience of a person to the rules to be acceptable in a particular society, group, or social setting.
b. It is the violation of the standards of conduct, expectations, or norms of a particular group or society.
c. It is a strong negative reaction from others that may result in a negative sanction.
d. It is the force that disables the existence of social standards.
4. What are the two main responses of an individual or group to real or imagined pressures including the norms,
standards, rules, and laws set by society?
a. conformity and deviance
b. rebellion and conformity
c. innovation and retreatism
d. ritualism and deviance
5. What is an individual or group's sense of self-respect and worth, physical and psychological integrity, and
a. human dignity b. human right c. inclusive citizenship d. morality
6. What is the right inherent to all people, regardless of nationality, place of residence, gender, sex, national or ethnic
origin, color, religion, language, or any other status?
a. human right b. human dignity c. common good d. general welfare
7. What do we call remains that are preserved in rock?
a. Fossils b. stones c. symbolic writings d. prehistoric tools
8. What do you call the process wherein notable changes are made to the culture of a society over a period of time?
a. cultural evolution b. social evolution c. political evolution d. biological evolution
9. What was the period when agriculture and farming became prominent through plant and animal domestication?
a. Neolithic Revolution b. Prehistoric period c. Paleolithic Period d. Industrial Revolution
10. What is the name of the area in the Middle East believed to be the "cradle of civilization"?
a. Fertile Crescent b. Lunar Crescent c. Mesopotamia d. Sumer
11. Where did democracy begin?
a. Greece b. Egypt c. Rome d. China
12. Which Philippine artifact is believed to be the vessel of the dead into the afterlife?
a. Manunggul jar b. Mananggal jar c. Marunggul jar d. Mununggul jar
13. This is a smaller unit that compose a society.
a. Primary Groups b. Groups c. Secondary Groups d. In – Groups
14. What do you call that sanctions which is provided by laws and other regulations in society?
a. Social stigma b. Informal c. Ostracism d. Formal
15. A collection of individuals also have relations with one another.
a. Groups b. Secondary Groups c. Out – groups d. In – groups
16. An individual is not a deviant or participating in any rule – breaking.
a. Deviant b. Rebellion c. Pure deviant d. Secret deviant
17. This type of government is ruled in favour of the noblemen or aristocrats.
a. Oligarchy b. Tyranny c. Democracy d. Federalism
18. It is the primary agent of socialization
a. Peer groups b. Family c. Mass media d. School
19. Whose members engage in face to face and emotion-based interactions over an extended period of time?
a. Primary group b. Secondary group c. In – groups d. Out – groups
20. A group to which one does not belong and to which he or she may feel a sense of competitiveness or hostility.
a. Out – groups b. In – groups c. Secondary d. Reference
21. Which characteristics of human rights it cannot be taken away from an individual?
a. Indivisible b. Universal c. Fundamental d. Absolute
22. This is where the individual or group of people wanted to reject and replaced the totality of society.
a. Rebellion b. Retreatism c. Ritualism d. Innovation
23. People linked by common interests, equal social position, and similar age
a. Peer Groups b. School c. Family d. Network
24. It is a larger social institution which is the structure of relationship between social actors or groups.
a. Reference b. Network c. School d. Peer Groups
25. This become the outcomes of socialization and are evident when individuals begin to practice the behaviors.
a. Content b. Result c. Process d Social Context
26. It explains the changes in beliefs, knowledge, customs, skills, attitude, language and others.
a. Cultural Evolution b. Human Evolution c. Social Evolution d. Political Evolution
27. Citizen participate directly in decision making
a. direct democracy b. representative c. labelling theory d. mass media
28. Judgement of society; example is name calling
a. labelling theory b. mass media c. ostracism d. 4membership
29. Nomadic life style
a. Savagery b. barbarism c. Socio-political d. direct democracy
30. An individual is forcibly isolated from the rest of the society for a certain time
a. labelling theory b. mass media c. ostracism d. membership

II. Write TRUE if the statements are correct and CHANGE the correct answer it is wrong.
31. The source of knowledge in understanding the lifestyle and development of human evolution is artefactual
32. By means of domesticating animals and crops are the reasons of economic stability.
33. Pisistrathus gave Athens a new constitution and considered democracy in Greece.
34. We can replaced artifacts.
35. Through socialization the significant result is identification.

III. Essay. Explain the following questions. Limit your answers with 10 sentences only. Points will be
deducted for exceeding and less sentences.
36. – 40. What is the difference between democracy and democratization? (5pts)
41. – 45. What a marriage? What are the responsibilities of a married couple? (5pts)
46. – 50 If you are given a chance to talk to the president, what will you say to him? (5pts)