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Optical Passive Components

Fiber Optic Components for Ultrafast Fiber Laser Applications

In general, the output of a direct femtosecond fiber oscillator has a pulse train repetition frequency on the order of
ten megahertz to one hundred megahertz, and its average power is also in the range of several tens of milliwatts
to one hundred milliwatts, so its single pulse energy is also On the order of a few hundred picowatts to nanowatts,
even with a pulse compression device, the peak power is on the order of kilowatts, which is too low for many
applications, especially biomedical and industrial processing applications.

The femtosecond fiber lasers typically include a one- or two-stage fiber amplifier that amplifies the laser from the
seed source, so it can provide greater average power and peak power for a wider range of applications. For
example, a white light source can be realized by using a femtosecond fiber laser connected with a highly nonlinear
fiber; a femtosecond fiber laser can be used as a light source for biological multiphoton fluorescence microscopy
imaging; an optical frequency comb octave spectrum A femtosecond fiber laser that also requires a watt level is
pumped. Taking a 50MHz, 100fs, 5W femtosecond fiber laser as an example, the single pulse energy is 100nJ and
the peak power is 1MW.

Structure and principle


A typical femtosecond fiber laser consists of three main components: a seed source, a fiber amplifier, and a
dispersion compensation device. The seed source is generally a mode-locked fiber oscillator for oscillating output
of the femtosecond laser; the fiber amplifier can be a pumping form using forward, return or bidirectional, and the
doped fiber can be double-clad or single-package. The layer; the dispersion compensation device may be a
dispersion compensating fiber, a blazed grating, a prism or a fiber Bragg grating.

The basic structure of a femtosecond fiber laser is specifically described below with an erbium-doped fiber laser
based on a double-clad fiber amplifier. The following are some common ultra-fast laser structure diagrams:
CFBG

Fiber oscillator
(mode-locked) BPF
Fiber-AMP1

Splitter 3-port Splitter Isolator


circulator

Output AOM2 AOM1

Compressor Splitter Fiber-AMP2 Splitter


Isolator
Trigger Trigger

Figure 1: Schematic of an ultrafast fiber laser configuration

Fiber oscillator: erbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser. For details, see the erbium-doped fiber-mode-locked
laser solution Figure 2.

The above content is for reference only, DK Photonics does not assume any responsibility.

December 2018 DK Photonics reserves the right to change any specifications without prior notice. DK-XS-DT-003-B/3
Optical Passive Components

Fiber Optic Components for Ultrafast Fiber Laser Applications

976nm pump
PM-ISO PM-Yb

PM-WDM

PM-oscillator PM
-coupler
PM-SMF
SA PM-filter 80% 20%

Figure 2: Setup of the low-repetition-rate, semiconductor SA mode locked, all-PM fiber laser.

Seed Oscillator
Isolator

Coupler
EDF
PC
WDM
LD

DCF EDF
PC WDM
SMF-28

Isolator Isolator
LD

Compressor

Figure 3: 1550nm Ultrafast laser pulses for spectroscopy and biomedical applications

The above content is for reference only, DK Photonics does not assume any responsibility.

Web-site: http://www.dkphotonics.com/ Email: sales@dkphotonics.com DK-XS-DT-003-B/3


Optical Passive Components

Fiber Optic Components for Ultrafast Fiber Laser Applications

Pump LD
(1550 nm) WDM Coupler Tm-Ho co-doped
(1550/2000nm) Fiber 1m Optical Isolator

90:10
Coupler
90%

MoSe2/PVA Polarization
deposited Controller 10% Output
Side-polished Fiber
Figure 4: Schematic of a femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1.91μm

793nm LD
CFBG

Isolator

Ultrafast TDF
Circulator (1+1)x1
Fiber Laser Combiner

Figure 5: Schematic of a 2000nm ultrafast fiber laser

Precautions
Regarding fiber selection: The choice of fiber in the system needs to pay attention to the matching between the
fibers, mainly the matching of fiber type (preservation or not, cladding type) and mode field diameter.

The spectrum before and after the amplifier is placed: the spectrum before and after the amplifier is slightly
changed, and special attention should be paid when selecting the operating wavelength range of the device.

Pulse compression: Two transmission gratings must be placed in parallel, otherwise the beam quality will be
degraded.

DK Photonics offers a variety of passive components for building ultrafast fiber laser systems, DK Photonics
could provide pump combiner, circulator, isolator, tap coupler, collimator, WDM, in-line polarizer, and PBS with
PM fiber or NO-PM fiber from 850~2000nm wavelengths. Contact DK Photonics regarding your requirements.

Refer to the following data sheets for products that are used for ultrafast fiber laser Applications. For integrated
OCT Modules, contact DK Photonics regarding your requirements.

The above content is for reference only, DK Photonics does not assume any responsibility.

Web-site: http://www.dkphotonics.com/ Email: sales@dkphotonics.com DK-XS-DT-003-B/3