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10/28/2015

ASME UW-3 and UW-12 Weld Category and Weld Joint Efficiency How to assign it correctly
ASME UW-3
and
UW-12
Weld Category and Weld Joint Efficiency
How to assign it correctly
Presented by: Luis Sanjuan
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How to assign it correctly Presented by: Luis Sanjuan 1 THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE ASME UW-3 and
How to assign it correctly Presented by: Luis Sanjuan 1 THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE ASME UW-3 and

THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE

ASME UW-3

and

UW-12

WELD CATEGORY

WELD TYPE

JOINT EFFICIENCY

WE MUST UNDERSTAND THE MEANINGS OF THESE TERMS

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THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE We shall discuss this HOWEVER situation PARTS a little later MUST BE
THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE
We shall discuss this HOWEVER situation PARTS a little later MUST BE WELDED TOGETHER
C
B
D
Spherical
A
Eliptical or
Torispherical
A
A
A
A
B
A
A
A
LOCATION OF ANY WELD IS ITS CATEGORY
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Location: Category A THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE We shall discuss this situation a little later Notice:
Location: Category A
THE PRESSURE ENVELOPE
We shall discuss this situation a little later
Notice: the two heads are treated differently
B
Spherical
Eliptical or
Torispherical
A
The reason will be explained later in the presentation
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Location: Category A Location: Category B Longitudinal weld in a cylinder, or any weld in
Location: Category A
Location: Category B
Longitudinal weld in a cylinder, or any weld in a head
As you will learn later, the Category A weld is the most critical category
Ellipse or
Spherical
Torispherical
A
A
A
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Location: Category B Location: Category C Circumferential welds – but be careful ! These welds
Location: Category B
Location: Category C
Circumferential welds – but be careful !
These welds also , remember the spherical head , remember the Category !
This is extremely important ! , more on this topic later !
B
B
A
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10/28/2015 Location: Category C Similar to Category B, but a different application In the case of
10/28/2015 Location: Category C Similar to Category B, but a different application In the case of

Location: Category C

Similar to Category B, but a different application

In the case of a flange , this is the Category C weld

It also is the same in the case of a flat head or a tubesheet

C
C

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is the same in the case of a flat head or a tubesheet C 7 Location:
is the same in the case of a flat head or a tubesheet C 7 Location:

Location: Category C

Location: Category D

Similar to Category B, but a different application

In the case of a flange , this is the Category C weld

It also is the same in the case of a flat head or a tubesheet

Do not confuse Category C with Category B

C
C

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10/28/2015 Here Location: is the Category illustration D from ASME Section VIII, Division 1 This applies
10/28/2015 Here Location: is the Category illustration D from ASME Section VIII, Division 1 This applies

Here Location: is the Category illustration D from ASME Section VIII, Division 1

This applies to Nozzles installed in any pressure chamber

That covers all the Categories in ASME Section VIII, Division 1

D
D

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In PV Elite the meaning a Category A and Category B is here Here is
In PV Elite the meaning a Category A and Category B is here
Here is the illustration from ASME Section VIII, Division 1
That is every Category illustrated
As a minimum, Remember Categories A and B
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We In PV have Elite to the consider meaning an important a Category aspect A
We In PV have Elite to the consider meaning an important a Category aspect A and of Category the Hemispherical B is here Head
A
B
We shall deal with the Seam or Joint Efficiency later
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We have to consider an important aspect of the Hemispherical Head No we come to
We have to consider an important aspect of the Hemispherical Head No we come to
We have to consider an important aspect of the Hemispherical Head No we come to
We have to consider an important aspect of the Hemispherical Head No we come to
We have to consider an important aspect of the Hemispherical Head
No we come to consider weld Types (remembers Category is LOCATION)
A straight flange or skirt is PROHIBITED, the head is cut back like this
Here is the correct preparation of the head according to ASME
The head ends at the red line, the reason will be explained later in the presentation
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of the head according to ASME The head ends at the red line, the reason will
of the head according to ASME The head ends at the red line, the reason will

10/28/2015

Here is a Type 1 joint No we come to consider weld Types (remembers Category
Here is a Type 1 joint
No we come to consider weld Types (remembers Category is LOCATION)
TYPE refers to the way the joint is made, the METHOD of making the joint
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way the joint is made, the METHOD of making the joint 13 Here is a Type
way the joint is made, the METHOD of making the joint 13 Here is a Type

Here is a Type 1 joint

Here is a Type 2 joint

joint 13 Here is a Type 1 joint Here is a Type 2 joint OR Welded

OR

joint 13 Here is a Type 1 joint Here is a Type 2 joint OR Welded

Welded from both sides

Welded from one side with a removable backing strip

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10/28/2015 Here is a Type 2 joint Here is a Type 3 joint Backing strip that
10/28/2015 Here is a Type 2 joint Here is a Type 3 joint Backing strip that

Here is a Type 2 joint

Here is a Type 3 joint

10/28/2015 Here is a Type 2 joint Here is a Type 3 joint Backing strip that

Backing strip that remains in place (inaccessible)

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Here is a Type 4 joint Here is a Type 3 joint Welded from one
Here is a Type 4 joint
Here is a Type 3 joint
Welded from one side only
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Double fillet weld 17 Here is a Type 4 joint Here is a Type 5
Double fillet weld 17 Here is a Type 4 joint Here is a Type 5
Double fillet weld 17 Here is a Type 4 joint Here is a Type 5
Double fillet weld 17 Here is a Type 4 joint Here is a Type 5
Double fillet weld 17

Double fillet weld

17

Double fillet weld 17 Here is a Type 4 joint Here is a Type 5 joint

Here is a Type 4 joint

Here is a Type 5 joint

Single fillet with plug welds 18 Here is a Type 5 joint Here is a
Single fillet with plug welds 18 Here is a Type 5 joint Here is a
Single fillet with plug welds 18 Here is a Type 5 joint Here is a

Single fillet with plug welds

Single fillet with plug welds 18
Single fillet with plug welds 18
Single fillet with plug welds 18
Single fillet with plug welds 18

18

Here is a Type 5 joint

Here is a Type 6 joint

Whoever dreamed this up needs counselling !

fillet with plug welds 18 Here is a Type 5 joint Here is a Type 6
fillet with plug welds 18 Here is a Type 5 joint Here is a Type 6

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A single fillet weld 19 Summary Here is a Type of Category 6 joint and
A single fillet weld 19 Summary Here is a Type of Category 6 joint and
A single fillet weld 19 Summary Here is a Type of Category 6 joint and
A single fillet weld 19

A single fillet weld

19

Summary Here is a Type of Category 6 joint and Type

A single fillet weld 19 Summary Here is a Type of Category 6 joint and Type
A single fillet weld 19 Summary Here is a Type of Category 6 joint and Type
SummaryDefinitionofof CategorJoint Efficiencyy and TypeE Type = geometry Category = location 20
SummaryDefinitionofof CategorJoint Efficiencyy and TypeE
Type = geometry
Category
=
location
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Definition of Joint Efficiency E A chain is as strong as its weakest link !
Definition of Joint Efficiency
E
A chain is as strong as its weakest link !
Breaks
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Definition of Joint Efficiency E Note the similarity The weld can also be the weakest
Definition of Joint Efficiency
E
Note the similarity
The weld can also be the weakest link
How much faith to we have in a weak link, or the weld. This is a matter
of confidence
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10/28/2015 Definition of Joint Efficiency Question: E How confident are we in the quality of the
10/28/2015 Definition of Joint Efficiency Question: E How confident are we in the quality of the

Definition of Joint Efficiency

Question:

E

How confident are we in the quality of the weld ?

If the weld is weaker than parent metal, we now introduce Joint Efficiency

E

STRENGTH OF THE WELD

STRENGTH OF PARENT METAL

E =

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Definition of Joint Efficiency E STRENGTH OF THE WELD E = STRENGTH OF PARENT METAL
Definition of Joint Efficiency
E
STRENGTH OF THE WELD
E
=
STRENGTH OF PARENT METAL
If weld is as good as parent metal
E = 1.00
If weld is weaker than parent metal
E = <
1.00
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10/28/2015 DefinitionThis is Tableof UW-12Joint Efficiency Question: E How do we determine the quality of the
10/28/2015 DefinitionThis is Tableof UW-12Joint Efficiency Question: E How do we determine the quality of the

DefinitionThis is Tableof UW-12Joint Efficiency

Question:

E

How do we determine the quality of the weld

By using Radiography

For a Type 1 weld

E = 1.00

E = 0.85

E = 0.70

Full radiography of joint

Spot radiography of joint

No radiography of joint

Taken from Table UW-12

25

This is Table UW-12 26
This is Table UW-12
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Table UW-12 27 27
Table UW-12
27
27
Table UW-12   Joint Degree of Radiography Type Category (a) Full (b) Spot (c) None
Table UW-12   Joint Degree of Radiography Type Category (a) Full (b) Spot (c) None
Table UW-12   Joint Degree of Radiography Type Category (a) Full (b) Spot (c) None
Table UW-12   Joint Degree of Radiography Type Category (a) Full (b) Spot (c) None

Table UW-12

 

Joint

Degree of Radiography

Type

Category

(a) Full

(b) Spot

(c) None

1

A,B,C, & D

1.00

0.85

0.70

2

A,B,C, & D

0.90

0.80

0.65

3

A,B, & C

N/A

N/A

0.60

Etc

Let us have a Type 2 joint

The above table is abbreviated

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The table in the code contains a lot of important information – which must be consulted

above table is abbreviated 28 The table in the code contains a lot of important information

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10/28/2015 Let Tableus lookUW-12at Full Radiograph Joint Degree of Radiography Type Category (a) Full (b) Spot
Let Tableus lookUW-12at Full Radiograph Joint Degree of Radiography Type Category (a) Full (b) Spot
Let Tableus lookUW-12at Full Radiograph
Joint
Degree of Radiography
Type
Category
(a) Full
(b) Spot
(c) None
1 A,B,C, & D
1.00
0.85
0.70
2
A,B,C, & D
0.90
0.80
0.65
3 A,B, & C
N/A
N/A
0.60
Etc

Let us have a Type 2 joint

Subject to Spot radiography

What is the joint efficiency E ?

E = 0,80

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Let us look at Full Radiograph TYPE 1 To get credit Suppose for Full this
Let us look at Full Radiograph
TYPE 1
To get credit Suppose for Full this Radiography joint is subject of a to Category 100% radiography A weld:
Joint
Degree of Radiography
Type
Category
(a) Full
(b) Spot
(c) None
1
A,B,C, & D
1.00
0.85
0.70
Is joint efficiency E = 1,00
?
We do not know at this stage - why ?
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LetConsiderus lookthisatsetupFull Radiograph TYPE 1 To get credit for Full Radiography of a Category A
LetConsiderus lookthisatsetupFull Radiograph
TYPE 1
To get credit for Full Radiography of a Category A weld:
UW-11(a)(5)(b) SAYS:
Category
B or C butt welds …. shall as a minimum , meet the
requirements for spot radiography………
Category B welds must be at least spot radiographed
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” Category B welds must be at least spot radiographed 31 Consider this setup No X-
Consider this setup No X- Ray Spot TYPE 1 Do we get credit for full
Consider this setup
No X- Ray
Spot
TYPE 1
Do we get credit for full radiography of this joint ?

Means both welds

UW-11(a)(5)(b) SAYS:

Category

B or C butt welds …. shall as a minimum , meet the ”

Joint

Category

Degree of Radiography

(a) Full

(b) Spot

(c) None

Type

1

requirements for spot radiography………

A,B,C, & D

1.00

0.85

0.70

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10/28/2015 Consider this setup No X- Ray Spot TYPE 1 Do we get credit for full
Consider this setup No X- Ray Spot TYPE 1
Consider this setup
No X- Ray
Spot
TYPE 1

Do we get credit for full radiography of this joint ?

No, we only get credit for Spot Radiography

Joint

Category

Degree of Radiography

(a) Full

(b) Spot

(c) None

Type

1

THEREFORE……….

A,B,C, & D

1.00

0.85

0.70

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Now consider this arrangement Consider this setup No X- Ray Spot TYPE 1 Do we
Now consider this arrangement
Consider this setup
No X- Ray
Spot
TYPE 1
Do we get credit for full radiography of this joint ?
No, we only get credit for Spot Radiography
Joint
The weld is demoted from Full to Spot
Degree of Radiography
Type
Category
(a) Full
(b) Spot
(c) None
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1 A,B,C, & D
1.00
0.85
0.70
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Now Remember consider UW-11(a)(5)(b) this arrangement Spot None Spot Spot Spot 100% 100% 100% 100%
Now Remember consider UW-11(a)(5)(b) this arrangement
Spot
None
Spot
Spot
Spot
100%
100%
100%
100%
E =
1,00
E =
1,00
E =
0,85
E =
0,85
See how easy this is !
35
E = 1,00 E = 0,85 E = 0,85 See how easy this is ! 35
E = 1,00 E = 0,85 E = 0,85 See how easy this is ! 35

Remember Consider UW-11(a)(5)(b) the weld in this head

To get credit for E = 1,00 for Category A welds

Make sure all Category B welds either side of the category a weld are spot Radiographed

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10/28/2015 Consider a seamless component Consider the weld in this head None 100% UW-11(a)(5)(b) is not
Consider a seamless component Consider the weld in this head None 100%
Consider a seamless component
Consider the weld in this head
None
100%

UW-11(a)(5)(b) is not satisfied for the head which has a Category A weld

Thus for the head weld:

E = ?

0,85

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Consider a seamless component No Category A weld UW-12(d) says: o Type 1 o Radiographed
Consider a seamless component No Category A weld UW-12(d) says: o Type 1 o Radiographed
Consider a seamless component No Category A weld UW-12(d) says: o Type 1 o Radiographed
Consider a seamless component No Category A weld UW-12(d) says: o Type 1 o Radiographed

Consider a seamless component

No Category A weld UW-12(d) says: o Type 1 o Radiographed for 100% of the
No Category A weld
UW-12(d) says:
o
Type 1
o
Radiographed for 100% of the length
o
All Category B welds are at least spot radiographed

Treated as though the welds IF E = 1,00

The shell and heads are seamless - what is the joint efficiency for the shell ?

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as though the welds IF E = 1,00 The shell and heads are seamless - what

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Consider a seamless component Spot None No Category A weld Treated as though the welds
Consider a seamless component
Spot
None
No Category A weld
Treated as though the welds IF E = 1,00
E
=
o
Type 1
E
=
E
=
o
Radiographed for 100% of the length
o
All Category B welds are at least spot radiographed
39
39
Consider a seamless component Spot None No Category A weld You will meet many seamless
Consider a seamless component
Spot
None
No Category A weld
You will meet many seamless components
E
=
0.85
E
=
0.85
E
=
1.00
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WhenConsiderRadiographya seamlessiscomponent Mandatory No Category A weld You will meet many seamless components
WhenConsiderRadiographya seamlessiscomponent Mandatory No Category A weld You will meet many seamless components
WhenConsiderRadiographya seamlessiscomponent Mandatory No Category A weld You will meet many seamless components
WhenConsiderRadiographya seamlessiscomponent Mandatory No Category A weld You will meet many seamless components

WhenConsiderRadiographya seamlessiscomponentMandatory

No Category A weld
No Category A weld

You will meet many seamless components

Small seamless pressed or spun heads

Cylindrical shells from seamless pipe

41

You will meet many seamless components Small seamless pressed or spun heads Cylindrical shells from seamless
or spun heads Cylindrical shells from seamless pipe 41 We now considerWhenstrRadiographyesses – very is
or spun heads Cylindrical shells from seamless pipe 41 We now considerWhenstrRadiographyesses – very is

We now considerWhenstrRadiographyesses – veryis importantMandatory

If a vessel is to contain a lethal substance:

UW-2 says:“… all butt welded joints shall be fully radiographed, except under provision of uw-2(a)(2) and uw-2(a)(3) below and uw-4(a)(4)….”

This is a bit complicated, but basically means that all the main Category A and B welds must be fully radiographed.

But Category D and C welds in nozzles and communicating chambers that are not larger than 10 inch nominal pipe size and do not exceed 1-1/8” thick are exempt

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We now consider stresses – very important The axial stress on the Category B weld
We now consider stresses – very important
The axial stress on the Category B weld is HALF the stress on the Category A weld
Consider a cylindrical shell with Category A and B welded joints
This is the hoop stress acting on the Category A weld
This is the Axial stress acting on the Category B weld
The axial stress on the Category B weld is HALF the stress on the Category A weld
Now consider a Spherical head attached to the shell
This is the stress experienced in the head
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We now consider stresses – very important The axial stress on the Category B weld
We now consider stresses – very important
The axial stress on the Category B weld is HALF the stress on the Category A weld
The If the Cylinder stress in thickness the head is is based the SAME on the everywhere, HOOP stress this too is a Category A weld
The Head thickness is based on the AXIAL stress
The Cylinder must be twice the thickness of the Head
The stress in the head is the same EVERYWHERE
But this is a Category A weld seam
A
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We now consider stresses – very important The axial stress on the Category B weld
We now consider stresses – very important
The axial stress on the Category B weld is HALF the stress on the Category A weld
If the stress in the head is the SAME everywhere, this too is a Category A weld
Now you can see the reason for this figure
A
A
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Why can we not have a straight flange on a Spherical Head ? We now
Why can we not have a straight flange on a Spherical Head ?
We now consider stresses – very important
The axial stress on the Category B weld is HALF the stress on the Category A weld
If the stress in the head is the SAME everywhere, this too is a Category A weld
Now you can see the reason for this figure
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10/28/2015 Why can we not have a straight flange on a Spherical Head ? The Cylinder
10/28/2015 Why can we not have a straight flange on a Spherical Head ? The Cylinder

Why can we not have a straight flange on a Spherical Head ?

The Cylinder is twice a thick as the Head, the straight flange is part of the cylinder

Summary: � You should understand the meaning of Weld Category - Location � You should
Summary:
� You
should understand the meaning of Weld Category - Location
� You should understand the meaning of Weld Type - Weld Geometry

How to apply the Joint Efficiency from Table UW-12

How Spherical heads differ from Elliptical and Torispherical heads

47

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