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PUMPS

Key Concepts

• Pressure – 1 foot of water height = 0.43 psi gage pressure

• Head – The vertical distance between start and finish water level in feet

• Work – Work can be expressed as lifting a weight a certain vertical distance


(Units are usually ft-lbs)

Work = Weight, lb x Height, ft

• Power – Power is the rate of doing work (Units are usually ft-lb/min)

Power = Work, ft-lb


Time, min.

• Horse Power – A unit of power defined as 33,000 ft-lb/min.

HP = Power, ft-lb/min
33,0000 ft-lb/min/HP

• Water Horse Power – The amount of power required to lift water

Water HP = (Flow, gpm) x (Head, ft)


3960 gpm-ft/HP
• Brake Horse Power – Takes into account that pumps are not 100% efficient

Brake HP = (Flow, gpm) x (Head, ft)


3960 gpm –ft/HP x Ep

• Motor Horse Power – Takes both pump and motor efficiency into account

Motor HP = (Flow, gpm) x (Head, ft)


3960 gpm-ft/HP x Ep x Em

• 1 Horse Power is equal to 0.746 Kw

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© American Water College
PUMPS
Example 1:
Calculate the Motor horse power required to pump water at a flow rate of 300 gpm
against 25 ft of head. Pump efficiency is 65% and motor efficiency is 90%.

Example 2:
Calculate the daily electrical cost to operate the pump in example 1 if the cost of
electricity is $0.12 per Kw-hr.

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© American Water College
PUMPS
Solve the following for Water Horse Power
Water HP = (Flow, gpm) x (Head, ft.)
3,960 gpm-ft/HP

1. A flow of 300 gpm is pumped against a head of 70 feet. What is the Water HP?

2. A flow of 450 gpm is pumped against a head of 120 feet. What is the Water HP?

3. A flow of 150 gpm is pumped against a head of 60 feet. What is the Water HP?

4. A flow of 250 gpm is pumped against a head of 75 feet. What is the Water HP?

5. A flow of 600 gpm is pumped against a head of 85 feet. What is the Water HP?

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© American Water College
PUMPS
Solve for Brake Horsepower:
Brake HP = (Flow, gpm) x (Head, ft.)
(3,960 gpm-ft/HP) x (Ep)

6. A flow of 200 gpm is pumped against a head of 25 feet by a pump that is 75% efficient.
What is the Brake HP?

7. A flow of 300 gpm is pumped against a head of 75 feet by a pump that is 70% efficient.
What is the Brake HP?

8. A flow of 500 gpm is pumped against a head of 50 feet by a pump that is 77% efficient.
What is the Brake HP?

9. A flow of 450 gpm is pumped against a head of 65 feet by a pump that is 80% efficient.
What is the Brake HP?

10. A flow of 125 gpm is pumped against a head of 85 feet by a pump that is 65% efficient.
What is the Brake HP?

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© American Water College
PUMPS

Solve for Motor Horsepower:


Motor HP = (Flow, gpm) x (Head, ft)
(3,960 gpm-ft/HP) x (Ep) x (Em)

11. A flow of 225 gpm is pumped against a head of 75 feet. The pump is 70% efficient and
the motor is 80% efficient. What is the Motor HP?

12. A flow of 125 gpm is pumped against a head of 100 feet. The pump is 65% efficient
and the motor is 89% efficient. What is the Motor HP?

13. A flow of 75 gpm is pumped against a head of 125 feet. The pump is 72% efficient and
the motor is 95% efficient. What is the Motor HP?

14. A flow of 300 gpm is pumped against a head of 75 feet. The pump is 80% efficient and
the motor is 85% efficient. What is the Motor HP?

15. A flow of 475 gpm is pumped against a head of 85 feet. The pump is 75% efficient and
the motor is 87% efficient. What is the Motor HP?

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© American Water College
PUMPS
Calculate the electrical cost for the following:
1 HP = .746 Kw
16. Energy cost is $0.11 per Kw-hr. Pump HP is 17. What is the daily cost to operate this
pump?

17. A pump is to pump 300 gpm against a head of 30 feet. Electricity cost $0.10 per Kw-hr.
What will be the daily cost to operate this pump?

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© American Water College
PUMPS
18. A 65% efficient pump is pumping 200 gpm against a head of 100 ft. If electricity cost
$0.13 per Kw-hr, what will be the annual cost to operate this pump? Assume continuous
operation.

19. A pump that is 70% efficient is pumping 100 gpm against a head of 160 feet. If electricity
cost $0.12 per Kw-hr, what is the annual cost to operate this pump? Assume continuous
operation.

20. A 75% efficient pump is pumping 500 gpm against a head of 70 feet. If electricity cost
$0.14 per Kw-hr, what is the annual cost to operate this pump? Assume continuous
operation.

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© American Water College
PUMPS

1. 5.3 HP
2. 13.6 HP
3. 2.3 HP
4. 4.7 HP
5. 12.9 HP
6. 1.7 HP
7. 8.1 HP
8. 8.2 HP
9. 9.2 HP
10. 4.1 HP
11. 7.6 HP
12. 5.5 HP
13. 3.5 HP
14. 8.4 HP
15. 15.6 HP
16. $33.48
17. $4.07
18. $6,600
19. $4,526
20. $10,782

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© American Water College